Solar power in India

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National Solar Mission in India

India is densely populated and has high solar insolation, an ideal combination for using solar power in India. India is already a leader in wind power generation. In the solar energy sector, some large projects have been proposed, and a 35,000 km2 area of the Thar Desert has been set aside for solar power projects, sufficient to generate 700 GW to 2,100 GW. In July 2009, India unveiled a US$19 billion plan to produce 20 GW of solar power by 2020.

Under the plan, the use of solar-powered equipment and applications would be made

compulsory in all government buildings, as well as hospitals and hotels.[2] On 18 November 2009, it was reported that India was ready to launch its National Solar Mission under the National Action Plan on Climate Change, with plans to generate 1,000 MW of power by 2013.[3] According to a 2011 report by GTM Research and Bridge, India is facing a perfect storm of factors that will drive solar photovoltaic (PV) adoption at a "furious pace over the next five years and beyond". The falling prices of PV panels, mostly from China but also from the U.S., has coincided with the growing cost of grid power in India. Government support and ample solar resources have also helped to increase solar adoption, but perhaps the biggest factor has been need. India, "as a growing economy with a surging middle class, is now facing a severe electricity deficit that often runs between 10 and 13 percent of daily need". [4]

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1 Current status 1.1 Installed capacity 1.2 Solar engineering training 2 Future applications

India is currently ranked number one along with the United States in terms of solar energy production per watt installed.2 Agricultural support 2.[9] Government-funded solar energy in India only accounted for approximately 6. sunny days in a year.[5][7] [edit]Installed capacity The amount of solar energy produced in India is less than 1% of the total energy demand. assuming the efficiency of PV modules were as low as 10%. India's theoretical solar power reception. is about 5 Petawatt-hours per year (PWh/yr) (i. on only its land area.3 Solar water heaters 3 Challenges and opportunities 4 Government support 5 See also 6 References 7 External links [edit]Current status Solar Resource Map of India With about 300 clear.[8] The grid-interactive solar power as of December 2010 was merely 10 MW.[8] However. which is far more than current total energy consumption.e. 5000 trillion kWh/yr or about 600 TW).o o o • • • • • 2.[10] . as of October 2009. For example.4 MW-yr of power as of 2005. this would still be a thousand times greater than the domestic electricity demand projected for 2015. [5][6] The daily average solar energy incident over India varies from 4 to 7 kWh/m2 with about 1500– 2000 sunshine hours per year (depending upon location).1 Rural electrification 2.

1 Completes December 2011 . under the Gujarat Solar Policy Phase II[18] 1 Completed in December 2011 Sivaganga Photovoltaic Plant[19] 5 Completed December 2010 Kolar Photovoltaic Plant [20] 3 Completed May 2010 Itnal Photovoltaic Plant. Gujarat (Tata Power)[12] 25 Commissioned February 2012 Waa Solar Power Plant Surendranagar.Gujarat[16] 40 Completed in January 2012 Mahindra Solar Plant. Rajastan[17] 5 Completed in January 2012 Rasna Marketing Services LLP.India's largest photovoltaic (PV) power plants Name of Plant DC Peak Power (MW) GW·h /year[11] Capacity factor Notes Mithapur Solar Power Plant Mithapur. Ahmedabad. Rajasthan[15] 40 Commissioned in April 2012 Adani Bitta Solar Plant. Belgaum[21] 3 Completed April 2010 Azure Power .Biomass and Solar Photovoltaic Plants [23] 4.22 Commissioned January 2012 Reliance Power Pokaran Solar PV Plant. Gujarat (MADHAV POWER) [13][14] 10.Photovoltaic Plant [22] 2 2009 Chesdin Power . Jodhpur.

Orissa [35] 1 Commissioned August 2011 Tata .000 Suntech Power panels.[31] Moser Baer .Osmanabad. Gujarat[32] 30 Commissioned October 2011 B&G Solar Pvt Ltd Mayiladuthurai. Tamil Nadu[33] 1 India's First plant Commissioned under JNNSM scheme June 2011 REHPL . Maharastra [36] 1 Commissioned 1st Aug 2011 . (Bolangir) Orissa [34] 1 Commissioned July 2011 Tata .India's largest photovoltaic (PV) power plants Name of Plant DC Peak Power (MW) GW·h /year[11] Capacity factor Notes Citra and Sepset Power Plants Solar Photovoltaic Plants [24] 4 Commissioned October 2011 Jamuria Photovoltaic Plant[25] 2 2009 NDPC Photovoltaic Plant [26] 1 2010 Thyagaraj stadium Plant-Delhi[27] 1 April.Patan.Sadeipali.Mulshi. Gujarat (Khadoda village )[30] 10 Commissioned June 2011. 63 acres. Maharashtra[29] 3 Commissioned April 2011 Azure Power . using 36.Sabarkantha. 2010 Gandhinagar Solar Plant [28] 1 21 January 2011 Tata .Patapur.

Kadiri. India's grid system is considerably under-developed.000 unelectrified villages in the country. specifically India and China.000 such villages was set for the Tenth National Five Year Plan (2002–2007).000 could not be electrified through extension of the conventional grid. Haryana[37] 3 Commissioned September 2011 Chandraleela Power Energy Narnaul.2 million to train next-generation solar energy engineers from Asia-Pacific nations. [43] [edit]Future [edit]Rural applications electrification Lack of electricity infrastructure is one of the main hurdles in the development of rural India.India's largest photovoltaic (PV) power plants Name of Plant DC Peak Power (MW) GW·h /year[11] Capacity factor Notes Amruth Solar Power Plant . Haryana (EPC by Aryav Green Energy Solutions Pvt. Andhra Pradesh 1 Commissioned March 2012 IIT Bombay . A target for electrifying 5. 18. As of 2004 there are about 80. Gujarat [39][40][41] 10 Commissioned November 2011 Total [edit]Solar 209.) [38] 0. Ltd. As of 2004. as part of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (APP).12 engineering training The Australian government has awarded UNSW A$5. Of these villages.[42] Certain programmes are designed to target for rural solar usage development.8 To be Commissioned December 2011 Green Infra Solar Energy Limited Rajkot. [5] Developments in cheap solar technology are considered as a potential alternative that allows an electricity infrastructure consisting of a network of local-grid clusters with distributed electricity . more than 2.700 villages and hamlets had been electrified.Gwal Pahari. mainly using solar photovoltaic systems. with major sections of its populace still surviving offgrid.

solar panel deployment. The majority of the pumps are fitted with a 200–3. These heaters will generate an energy equivalent of 200 MW every day . The architecture more suitable for most of India would be a highly-distributed set of individual rooftop power generation systems. centralised power delivery systems and yet bring cheap electricity to the masses. [50] [edit]Challenges and opportunities Land is a scarce resource in India and per capita land availability is low. That might be possible in the future.[5][56][57][58][59] In one of the analyzed scenarios.[8] Solar driers are used to dry harvests before storage.068 solar PV water pumping systems had been installed.[8] It could allow bypassing (or at least relieving) the need to install expensive. long-distance. so that it attracts the individual and average family size household consumer. Pune.[54][55] the subcontinent has the ideal combination of both high solar insolation[54] and therefore a big potential consumer base density. The amount of land required for utility-scale solar power plants—currently approximately 1 km2 for every 20–60 megawatts (MW) generated [8]—could pose a strain on India's available land resource. 2006.[52] India can make renewable resources such as solar the backbone of its .[5] Some noted think-tanks[5][51][52] recommend that India should adopt a policy of developing solar power as a dominant component of the renewable energy mix. These systems are now mandatory for all new structures. a total of 7.800 Wp PV array which can deliver about 140. erecting such an infrastructure. has also recently made installation of solar water heaters in new buildings mandatory. Dedication of land area for exclusive installation of solar arrays might have to compete with other necessities that require land. Projects currently planned include 3000 villages of Orissa. which will be lighted with solar power by 2014. another city in the western part of India. lossy.[8] However. needs the market price of solar technology deployment to substantially decline. By 30 September. because PV is projected to continue its current cost reductions for the next decades and be able to compete with fossil fuel. which does not enjoy the economies of scale possible in mass.generation.[49] Bangalore is also the first city in the country to put in place an incentive mechanism by providing a rebate (which has just been[when?] increased to 50) on monthly electricity bills for residents using roof-top thermal systems. [48] [edit]Solar water heaters Bangalore has the largest deployment of rooftop solar water heaters in India. utility-scale.000 liters of water per day from a total head of 10 meters. all connected via a local grid.[44][45][46][47] [edit]Agricultural support Solar PV water pumping systems are used for irrigation and drinking water. since being a densely populated region[53] in the sunny tropical belt.000 watt motor that are powered with 1.

[4] [edit]Government support The government of India is promoting the use of solar energy through various strategies. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)provides 70 percent subsidy on the installation cost of a solar photovoltaic power plant in North-East states and 30 percentage subsidy on other regions. [edit]See       also Electricity sector in India Renewable energy in India Wind power in India Charanka Solar Park Sakri PV solar energy project Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission .8 billion (US$75. The falling prices of PV panels. which is designed to drive investment in low-carbon energy projects. This new budget has also encouraged private solar companies by reducing customs duty on solar panels by 5% and exempting excise duty on solar photovoltaic panels. In the latest budget for 2010/11. "as a growing economy with a surging middle class. The detailed outlay of the National Solar Mission highlights various targets set by the government to increase solar energy in the country's energy portfolio. reining in its long-term carbon emissions without compromising its economic growth potential. According to a 2011 report by GTM Research and Bridge. the government has announced an allocation of 10 billion (US$199. the government has initiated a Renewable Energy Certificate (REC)[61] scheme.economy by 2050. has coincided with the growing cost of grid power in India.S. The budget also proposed a coal tax of US$1 per metric ton on domestic and imported coal used for power generation. India.5 million)towards the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission and the establishment of a clean energy fund. is now facing a severe electricity deficit that often runs between 10 and 13 percent of daily need".8 million) from the previous budget. mostly from China but also from the U. Government support and ample solar resources have also helped to increase solar adoption.. but perhaps the biggest factor has been need. [60] Additionally. India is facing a perfect storm of factors that will drive solar photovoltaic (PV) adoption at a "furious pace over the next five years and beyond". This is expected to reduce the cost of a roof-top solar panel installation by 15–20%. It is an increase of 3.