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TENSES

Made to completed an English 2 Subject Task

Written By: Rochehat Pardede NPM : 16211426 Class : 1EA26

AN ECONOMY MANAGEMENT GUNADARMA UNIVERSITY 2012

TENSES
1. Defenition of Tenses Tenses derived from the word Tempus (Latin language) which means time. Tempus is also obtained through the French Temps. So tenses is a verb form in the grammar that shows the occurrence of an act or event and the stage of completion. In English, there are three basic tenses: present, past, and future. Or we can get definition of tenses is changes of the verb which consisting from a main verb or added with helping verb (auxiliary verb), that use to indicate the time from the meaning that contained in the main verb. Each has a perfect form, indicating completed action; each has a progressive form, indicating ongoing action; and each has a perfect progressive form, indicating on going action that will be completed at some definite time. Here is a list of examples of these tenses and their definitions:

Simple Forms Present Past take/s took

Progressive Forms am/is/are taking was/were taking

Perfect Forms have/has taken had taken will have taken

Perfect Progressive Forms have/has been taking had been taking will have been taking

Future will/shall take will be taking

Verb work is a general verb to vice the verb in English. And that word named regular verb. Regular verb from Past Tense and Past Participle with add d or ed for verb. And for verb which have different type of Past Tense and Past Participle, named Irregular Verb. All verbs in English each regular and irregular verb with the third singular person add by s or es. And all type of Present Participle add by ing.

From the five scheme above, there are three only can use as predicate in the a sentence. They are the simple, the third singular person, and the past time. For the other can use with added by auxiliaries.

2.

Formula of 16 English Tenses

1. Verb Verb tenses are a core part of the English language. Verb or verb tenses in the formulas in this blog, verb or verb is often short V i only. So if V + ing the same meaning as Verb + ing, I also often write as "Ving" just so easy.

There are many Verbs in English like V1, V2, V3, and Ving. Verb 1 or I concise with V1, which is the basic verbs, such as: drink, go, write, read, Participate, learn, study, and so forth. There is a second verb, and I concise with V2. For the third verb I concise with V3. And for Verbs which have an insert ING I concise with V-ing.

2. Verbs change form Verbs change form 1 (V1) to form the second (V2) and form into 3 (V2) there is regular (have formula) and some are irregular (havent formula). Well this is what makes the English language has become complicated for us people of Indonesia.

3. Regular Verb That means it has a regularity of form, there is such formula add "d" or "ed" as: live lived - lived, play played played, etc. Although there are rules but the change rules there are still for a few.

4. Irregular Verb For example, the verb "drink" in a row to form the 1 to 3: Drank-drink-drunk. One another such example: break-broke-broken.

REFERENCE
1. Aras, Soenardan, 2007. Learning for Tenses, Penerbit : Multimedia Book. Semarang 2. Halim, Andreas, 2003. Kamus Lengkap 900 Juta, Penerbit : Sulita Jaya. Surabaya 3. http://www.scribd.com/doc/13750795/12-Penggunaan-Tenses 4. http://www.scribd.com/doc/13750776/Tenses-Aktif-Pasif 5. http://www.scribd.com/doc/13750819/16-Penggunaan-Tenses 6. Marcellino, Leo, 1993. Summary of Verb Tenses, Penerbit : AMINEF. Jakarta 7. Saslow, J. M and John F. Mongillo, 1985. English in Context: Reading Comprehension for Science and Technology, Prentice-Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 8. Swan, Michael and Cahterine Walter, 1992. The New Cambridge English Course Student 3 Intermediate, Cambridge University Press. Cambridge