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TCN CAE 2005

International Conference on CAE and Computational Technologies for Industry


UNIVERSIT degli STUDI DI LECCE

Web GIS (Geographic Information System) as support for sustainable development of local economy in the fields of agro-industry
Giuseppe Mele, Marco Palazzo, Matteo Serafino, Lorenzo Vasanelli, Giuseppe Vasapollo Dipartimento di Ingegneria dellInnovazione, Universit di Lecce, Italy

Introduction
There is nowadays an increasing interest in the development of new processes which can use as much as possible local , natural and renewable resources and and not on petrolchemical resources based. Also, innovative developments associated to main local productions (e.g. olive oil and wine industries etc.) as well extraction of compounds from less important local cultivar (e.g. mulberry, black-berry, bilberry etc.), are of topical importance especially in view of a sustainable green chemistry and deserves the attention of both academic and industrial research. Emerging technologies for simulating, controlling, and optimizing complex systems will be considered, crossing a long list of disciplines such as computational solid and fluid mechanics, material science, multi-body and structural dynamics, crash analysis, acoustics, fatigue, durability and process simulation. In this context we report our studies concerning a planned sampling of local agri-food and non-food species (traditional and/or minor cultivar), which could be interesting for this purpose. With this sampling we are able to trace the real distribution of local cultivations and to map these on a Geographic Information System (G.I.S.). Then, each sample will be listed depending on its own biological properties and physical condition of the selected cultivar.

Important chemicals from selected cultivar


Our interest has been focused on the monitoring on local scale- opportunely selected cultivar from which is possible to extract particular compounds, such for examples anthocyanines (e.g.cianydine-3-O-Rutinoside), which can be used as antioxidants or as building blocks for the preparation of fine chemicals. These can extracted from the fruit of traditional cultivar such for example some specific varieties of specie of Olea Europea (e. g. cellina di Nard) and oleuropein can be also extracted from olive tree leafs. Different kind of anthocyanines can be also obtained minor cultivar as tipycal spontaneous vegatation such for examples Rubus fructicosus The interest devoted to these fine chemicals is due to their potential applications as pharmacologically active compounds, dyes, cosmetics, natural antioxidants)

Olea Europea from which are extracted Anthocyanines (e.g.cianydine-3-ORutinoside), and oleuropein Rubus Fructicosus or from which are extracted Anthocyanines (e.g.cianydine-3-Oglycoside)

Web GIS Application


A web-GIS application by means of open source software has been developed in order to publish maps of the real distribution of local cultivations. The system is integrated in the project Information System. The main components of the software system is Mapserver that is an Open Source development environment for building spatially enabled Internet applications. Mapserver, released under the General Public Licence (GPL), was developed by the University of Minnesota (UMN). Mapserver includes a Web Map Service and a Web Feature Service, Open GIS Consortium (OGC) compliant, in order to support the cooperation between applications. The web-GIS application developed for the project is characterized from high performance, portability (Windows, Unix, Linux Operative System), scalability and interoperability. The system is accessible just by means of a thin client (i.e. Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, ecc.), without any plug-in. The system allows to administrators, citizens and planners to access, via the web, numerical technical cartography, thematic maps and satellite imagery (Quick Bird Data).

Benefit for traditional agro-industry


The development of the production of chemicals in symbiosis with traditional production processes could give beneficial effects concerning the whole sustainability of olive oil and wine industries in terms of: - Optimization of the production processes including care and managemrnt of plantation; harvesting of the starting materials; extraction of fine chemical from processes wastes - Traceability of cultivar, site of productions, products

Web-Based Information System


(http://finechem.unile.it) A Web-Based Information System has been developed in order to build the relationships between cultivar and fine-chemicals and to provide the following services: Supporting and controlling the project processes and its progress. Taking trace relationships between fine chemicals, natural starting materials, extraction processes and geographical cultivation placements. Comparing all the results and pointing out performance production. Exchange information involving researchers, and agricultural and chemical industries. This information system has been projected in order to

Web-GIS Application : Quick Bird Satellite Imagery and Land Cover Map

implements authentication and authorization technologies to guarantee data integrities. The design and project documentation are described by the standard Unified Model Language v. 1.2 (UML); the design pattern used for this application is the Model-ViewController (MVC).

Conclusions
Main results of these researches are concerning the construction of the relationships between cultivar, geographical cultivation placements, processes and fine-chemicals in a structured information system. The results obtained from these researches opportunely implemented with macro and micro economy data on local bases permit to local operators involved in the fields of research and agriculture to use an interactive G.I.S. based tool in order to have information suitable to study the economical feasibility of industrial processes based on local cultivations.

Acknowledgements
(*) Consorzio Universitario Interprovinciale Salentino (CUIS) and Consorzio di Comuni Valle della Cupa are acknowledged for the financing of the project Linee di intervento per la valorizzazione dei delle colture agricole

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