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What is constant rate?

In: Math [Edit categories] Answers.com > Wiki Answers > Categories > Jobs & Education > Education > School Subjects > Math > What is constant rate? Answer: A constant rate of change is a object, number, percentage, graph etc. that goes either up down or sideways at a constant rate. For example, every hour a fire burns it uses 10 logs. so if it burned 2 hours it would use 20 logs. 3 hours it would use 30 logs. That is a constant rate of change. Something that wouldn't be a constant rate would be for example, if you sharpened your pencil after writing 150 words, then sharpened it again after writing 210 words the again after 87 words then again after 205 words, that would not be a constant rate. It has to constantly go up by thesame number. Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_constant_rate#ixzz1cvz24D6M
Teknologi saringan pasir lambat yang banyak diterapkan di Indonesia biasanya adalah saringan pasir lambat konvesional dengan arah aliran dari atas ke bawah (down flow), sehingga jika kekeruhan air baku naik, terutama pada waktu hujan, maka sering terjadi penyumbatan pada saringan pasir, sehingga perlu dilakukan pencucian secara manual dengan cara mengeruk media pasirnya dan dicuci, setelah bersih dipasang lagi seperti semula, sehingga memerlukan tenaga yang cucup banyak. ka tingkat kekeruhan air bakunya cukup tinggi misalnya pada waktu musim hujan, maka agar supaya beban saringan pasir lambat tidak telalu besar, maka perlu dilengkapi dengan peralatan pengolahan pendahuluan misalnya bak pengendapan awal atau saringan "Up Flow" dengan media berikil atau batu pecah, dan pasir kwarsa / silika. Selanjutnya dari bak saringan awal, air dialirkan ke bak saringan utama dengan arah aliran dari bawah ke atas (Up Flow). Air yang keluar dari bak saringan pasir Up Flow tersebut merupakan air olahan dan di alirkan ke bak penampung air bersih, selanjutnya didistribusikan ke konsumen dengan cara gravitasi atau dengan memakai pompa.

The constant head permeability test is a common laboratory testing method used to determine the permeability of granular soils like sands and gravels containing little or no silt. This testing method is made for testing reconstituted or disturbed granular soil samples.
Description and test procedure

Linked Image thumbnail See the image on the website of US deperamant of tarnspotation. The constant head permeability test involves flow of water through a column of cylindrical soil sample under the constant pressure difference. The test is carried out in the permeability cell, or permeameter, which can vary in size depending on the grain size of the tested material. The soil sample has a cylindrical form with its diameter being large enough in order to be representative of the tested soil. As a rule of thumb, the ratio of the cell diameter to the largest grain size diameter should be higher than 12 (Head 1982). The usual size of the cell often used for testing common sands is 75 mm diamater and 260 mm height between perforated plates. The testing apparatus is equipped with a adjustable constant head reservoir and an outlet reservoir which allows maintaining a constant head during the test. Water used for testing is de-aired water at constant temperature. The permeability cell is also equipped with a loading piston that can be used to apply constant axial stress to the sample during the test. Before starting the flow measurements, however, the soil sample is saturated. During the test, the amount of water flowing through the soil column is measured for given time intervals. Knowing the height of the soil sample column L, the sample cross section A, and the constant pressure difference h, the volume of passing water Q, and the time interval T, one can calculate the permeability of the sample as K=QL / (A.h.t)
Head, K. H., 1982, Manual of soil laboratory testing, Vol 2, Pentech Press, ISBN 0-7273-1305-3