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Nickel Alloy 718 Properties, Composition, Heat Treatments and Specifications from Super Alloys

Topics Covered
Background Nickel Alloy 718 Features of Nickel Alloy 718 Performance Profile for Nickel Alloy 718 Applications Composition of Nickel Alloy 718 Specifications Heat Treatments Physical Properties of Nickel Alloy 718 Thermal Properties of Nickel Alloy 718 Typical Mechanical Properties of Nickel Alloy 718

Background
The Super Alloys management team are amongst the most experienced professionals in the market. Supported by professional metallurgists and technicians, Super Alloys not only provide access to the largest range of high-tec metals in Europe, but also access to the broadest range of expertise. The unique combination of access to stock, expertise and rapid delivery reduces lead times and can eliminate costly production delays. The Super Alloys range of materials includes: Titanium Alloys

Nickel Alloys Steels

Nickel Alloy 718


Nickel Alloy 718 is a precipitation hardenable nickel-chromium alloy. It combines high strength in the aged condition with good corrosion resistance and weldability. 718 NACE indicates material stocked in the heat treated condition to have high strength and meet the maximum hardness (40 Rockwell C) requirements of the NACE MR0175, MR0103, ISO 15156-3 specifications for use in oil tools used for sour service.

Features of Nickel Alloy 718


The key features of Nickel Alloy 718 include: Highly resistant to chloride and sulfide stress corrosion cracking High strength in the aged condition Good corrosion resistance

Performance Profile for Nickel Alloy 718


Nickel Alloy 718 is a precipitation hardenable nickel-chromium alloy. It combines high strength in the aged condition with good corrosion resistance and weldability. 718 NACE indicates material stocked in the heat treated condition to have high strength and meet the maximum hardness (40 Rockwell C) requirements of the NACE MR0175, MR0103, ISO 15156-3 specifications for use in oil tools used for sour service.

Applications of Nickel Alloy 718


Typical Applications for the Nickel Alloy 718 include: Valves Well head completion equipment Fasteners Blow out preventers (BOPs) Tubing hangers Mandrels

Composition of Nickel Alloy 718


The composition range for Nickel Alloy 718 is provided in table 1. Table 1. Composition of nickel alloy 718. Chemistry, % Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Carbon Columbian + Tantalum Manganese Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Copper Cobalt Lead Selenium Bismuth Magnesium Iron Min 50.0 17.00 2.80 4.87 AMS 4967 Max 55.0 21.00 3.30 0.045 5.20 0.35 0.35 0.010 0.010 0.230 1.00 10 ppm 5 ppm 30 ppm 60 ppm remaind

Specifications
The various forms of nickel alloy 718 are covered by the following standards: API 6A API 6A718 NACE MR0175, MR0103 ISO 15156-3 ASTM B 637

Heat Treatments
718 NACE is annealed between 1875-1925F and water quenched. Subsequently it is aged in the range of 1425-1475F for 6-8 hours and air cooled or faster to room temperature.

Physical Properties of Nickel Alloy 718


Density: Melting Range: 0.297 lb/inch3 2160 - 2449F

Thermal Properties of Nickel Alloy 718


The thermal properties of Nickel Alloy 718 are summarised in table 2. Table 2. Thermal properties of Nickel Alloy 718. Temp F 70 200 400 600 1000 1200 Coefficient of Thermal Exp. in/in F x 10-6 7.3 7.5 7.7 8.1 8.4 Thermal Conductivity Btu. ft/ft2.hrF 6.4 7.2 8.2 9.3 11.3 12.3 Modulus of Elasticity Dynamic psi x 106 29.0 28.4 27.6 26.7 24.8 23.7

Typical Mechanical Properties of Nickel Alloy 718


The minimum mechanical properties of nickel alloy 718 are provided in table 3. Table 3. Minimum specified properties of nickel alloy 718, solution annealed and aged condition. Property Ultimate Tensile Strength 0.2% Yield Elongation Reduction of Area Impact Strength* Min Average/Min Single Hardness
* Charpy V notch impact test performed at -75 F

Minimum 150 ksi 125 ksi 20% 35% 40/35 ft-lbs 32 RC

Maximum 145 ksi 40 RC