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Reasoning & DI

AFTERSCHOOOL – DEVELOPING CHANGE


MAKERS
CENTRE FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
PGPSE PROGRAMME –
World’ Most Comprehensive programme in social
entrepreneurship & spiritual entrepreneurship
OPEN FOR ALL FREE FOR ALL

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Reasoning & DI
Dr. T.K. Jain.
AFTERSCHOOOL
Centre for social entrepreneurship
Bikaner
M: 9414430763
tkjainbkn@yahoo.co.in
www.afterschool.tk
www.afterschoool.tk

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 A Company manufactures chairs. In 1994 its
installed capacity was 3 lacs. Now it doubled
in 1998 and remained the same in 1999.
Through 1995-1997 it was 2/3 the capacity of
1998. Capacity utilization is inversely
proportional to capacity. In all years except
1994 capacity utilization was below 100%
though production increased steadily over
the years. In 1994 it was 110%, 1995-85%,
1996-90%, 1997-91% and 1998-76%. In
1999 it was the same as 1996 levels.
 The selling price was Rs4 per unit in 1994
increased at 10% per annum till 1996. In
1997 it was Rs5 per unit and thereafter it
rose 20% per annum. Unit sales are 90% of
production in 1994 and 1995 and 95% in
1997,1998,1999.
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 1996 was a boom year in which the
company sold all that it produced in that
year plus the inventory of the last 2 years
(assume opening inventory to be zero in
1994). The company has been facing
heavy competition and market share by
value has been declining from 25% in
1994-95, it was 60% of that in 1998-99.
1996 & 1997 shares were equal to the
average share of these 6 years. The
company spends 4.33% of its sales
revenue every year on advertising.
 What was the production in 1997?
1] 350,000 2] 360,000 3]
364,000
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4] 365,000
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Solution :
 Capaciy in 1994 = 3 lakh units
 In 1998 it is 6 lakh (double).

 In 1997 it is 2/3 of 6 lakh = 4 Lakh

 Capacity utilisation in 1997 is 91%, so


production in 1997 is 3.64 lakhs answer.

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4 people A, B, C and D have
together got Rs100 with them. A
and B together have got as
much money as C & D put
together. A has got more money
than B. C has half as much
money as D has. A has Rs5
more than D.
 Who has got the most money?
1] Arti 2] Dolly 3]
Chetan 4] Cannot be
determined
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Solution . . .
 By 1st reading = A. (we can also
calculate exact values).
 A+B=C+D

 A-D=5

 C+D=50, and D=2C or 2c+c=50.

 C=50/3 = 16.66, D = 33. A = 38 and


B=12 answer.

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 IN organizing a newspaper 4 editors are required
;the managing editor, the news editor, the sports
editor and the entertainment editor. The
managing editor can work only on Wednesday
mornings, Thursday afternoons and Friday the
whole day. The news editor can work only on
Monday afternoons, Tuesday and Thursday the
whole day. The sports editor can work only on
Monday afternoons, Tuesday mornings and
Wednesday the whole day. The entertainment
editor can work all day Monday and Wednesday
only. If the managing editor cannot edit until
each of the others has completed atleast a full
day of work, when is the earliest the managing
editor can work?
1]Wednesday afternoon 2]Friday morning
3]Monday morning 4]Thursday
afternoon
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Solution . .
 News editor : Tuesday (full day)
 Sports editor : Wednesday (wholeday)

 Entertainment editor: Monday


(wholeday)
 Thus managing editor will work on
Thursday afternoon. Answer.

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 Step1: x=0 A=2 B=3
 Step2: If X<5 then do Steps3-6 otherwise
Step7
 Step3: Y=A+B replace A by B replace B
by Y
 Step4: Type Y

 Step5: Increase X by 2

 Step6: Goto Step2

 Step7: Exit

 When X=4 what value of Y is typed?


1] 12 2] 8 3] 13 4] 5

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Solution . . .
Y = a+B = 2+3 = 5. thereafter Y has not
been changed, A is now 3 and B is now
5. Go back to step 2 and repeat.
 Step 2, X = 2, Y = 3+5 = 8

 Setp 3, X = 4, Y = 5+8= 13

 So answer is 13.

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 Five brothers have among them a
pair of twins who are neither the
oldest nor the youngest. E is older
than C but younger than B. D is
younger than 3 brothers
 The youngest is
 1] A 2] B 3] C 4] D

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Solution. . . .
 B> E &A>D> C
 Thus youngest is C.

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 A, B, G and T are robots and P,Q, R, S ,T&
U are machines. No robot can be assigned
to more than 1 machine at the same time.
 A and B are required to run machine T
 Band G are required to run machine R
 G and T are required to run Machine P
 Machine Q can be run by only A
 Machine S and U can be run by any of the
robots independently
 1. If machine Q is running which other
machines cannot run simultaneously?
P&S
R
T
S&T
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Solution . .
 Machine Q is run by A. A also runs
machine T. thus T cannot run
simultaneously.

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 Sumit has not decided on which of
the 4 novels to buy. He is
considering a thriller, mystery,
romance and a fiction novel. The
books are written by R,G,Bu,Ho and
published by Hr,P,Bl and S and not
necessarily in that order. The book
by R is published by S The thriller is
published by Hr The fiction novel is
by Bu and is not published by Bl The
romance is by Ho.
 Question: P publishes
1. mystery 2. fiction 3 novel by R
none ofAFTERSCHOOOL
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these MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS
Solu tio n :
R G B H
F Rom
H- Th N Y N N
P N N Y N
B N N N Y
S Y N N N

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Answer / /
P publishes fiction. Answer.

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 A. Suresh and Seema are married.
B.Suresh and Seema were paired at
the game
C. Suresh knows Seema well.
D. Suresh loves Seema.
E. Only married couples are paired at
the game.
F. None of those paired at the game
are married.
 Which is logically connected:
 1BFD 2 BEA 3 AEF 4 ACD

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SOLUTION :
 OPTION2. AS ONLY MARRIED
COUPLES COULD BE PAIRED.

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 A Most bags are made of leather.
B. Bags are made of leather.
C. This item is not a bag.
D. This item is a bag.
E. This item is not made of leather.
F. This item is made of leather.
 1ADF 2BCE 3 AEF4 BDF

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ANSWER. . .
 OPTION 4

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 A. CAs are ambitious.
B. Ambition is a characteristic of all
CAs.
C. Atul is a CA.
D. Atul is not ambitious.
E. All ambitious people are CAs.
F. Atul is ambitious.
 1 ACE 2 CFE 3 BCF 4ADE

 SOLUTION:
 3RD OPTION.

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 A. Some men are doctors.
B. Some men are not doctors.
C. All doctors are graduates.
D. Some women are not graduates.
E. Some men are not graduates.
F. Some graduates and women are not
doctors.
 FIND THE LOGICAL SEQUENCE:
1DAE 2CBA 3DCB 4CEB
SOLUTION:
4TH OPTION.

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 A. Some women are aggressive
B.Aggressive women are unpopular.
C.Anita is a woman.
D.Anita is aggressive.
E.Anita is unpopular.
F.All women are unpopular.
 1CDB 2EBF 3BDE 4ABF
 SOLUTION :
 3RD OPTION.

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 A. All football players play good cricket.
B.Many basket ball players are not
good football players.
C.Naresh is a good football player.
D.Naresh plays good cricket.
E.Suresh plays cricket well.
F.Suresh plays football badly.
 1ECA 2EBF 3ABD 4ACD

 SOLUTION
 4TH OPTION

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 A. All horses are friendly.
B.All horses are honest.
C.All horses are animals.
D.All horses need food.
E.All animals need food.
F.All animals need shelter.
 1CDE 2BCD 3CED 4ABC

 SOLUTION:
 3RD OPTION

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 A.No CA is a good manager.
B.Some CAs are not unprofessional.
C.Some good managers are
unprofessional.
D.No good manager is unprofessional.
E.Some good managers are CAs
F.All CAs are unprofessional
 1BCE 2FDA 3BDE 4ABE

 SOLUTION:
 2ND OPTION.

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 A.All Italians are hardworking.
B.Some Italians are not hardworking.
C.Italians are thrifty.
D.Rome is populated only by Italians.
E.Some Romans may not be
hardworking.
F.Some Romans are not hardworking.
 FIND THE MOST LOGICAL
SEQUENCE:
 1BDF 2BDE 3ADE 4DEF
 SOLUTION:
 2ND OPTION

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ABO UT A FTERSCH OOO L
Afterschoool conducts three year integrated PGPSE (after
class 12th along with IAS / CA / CS) and 18 month PGPSE
(Post Graduate Programme in Social Entrepreneurship)
along with preparation for CS / CFP / CFA /CMA / FRM. This
course is also available online also. It also conducts
workshops on social entrepreneurship in schools and
colleges all over India – start social entrepreneurship club in
your institution today with the help from afterschoool and help
us in developing society.

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Why such a programme?
 To promote people to take up entrepreneurship
and help develop the society
 To enable people to take up franchising and
other such options to start a business / social
development project
 To enable people to take up social
development as their mission
 To enable people to promote spirituality and
positive thinking in the world

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Who are our supporters?
 Afterschoolians, our past beneficiaries,
entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs
are supporting us.
 You can also support us – not
necessarily by money – but by being
promotor of our concept and our ideas.

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About AFTERSCHOOOL PGPSE – the best
programme for developing great entrepreneurs

 Most flexible, adaptive but rigorous programme


 Available in distance learning mode
 Case study focused- latest cases
 Industry oriented practical curriculum
 Designed to make you entrepreneurs – not just
an employee
 Option to take up part time job – so earn while
you learn
 The only absolutely free course on internet
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Workshops from
AFTERSCHOOOL
 IIF, Delhi
 CIPS, Jaipur
 ICSI Hyderabad Branch
 Gyan Vihar, Jaipur
 Apex Institute of Management, Jaipur
 Aravali Institute of Management, Jodhpur
 Xavier Institute of Management,
Bhubaneshwar
 Pacific Institute, Udaipur
 Engineering College, Hyderabad

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Flexible Specialisations:
 Spiritualising business and society
 Rural development and transformation
 HRD and Education, Social Development
 NGO and voluntary work
 Investment analysis,microfinance and inclusion
 Retail sector, BPO, KPO
 Accounting & Information system (with CA / CS /CMA)
 Hospital management and Health care
 Hospitality sector and culture and heritage
 Other sectors of high growth, high technology and social
relevance

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Salient features:
 The only programme of its kind (in the whole world)
 No publicity and low profile course
 For those who want to achieve success in life – not just a
degree
 Indepth knowledge and expertise
 Professional approac: World class approach
 Strong intellectual and business capabilities
 Flexible – you may stay for a month and continue the rest of
the education by distance mode. / you may attend weekend
classes
 Scholarships for those from poor economic background
 Latest and constantly changing curriculum – keeping pace
with the time
 Placement for those who are interested
 Admissions open throughout the year
 Latest and most advanced technologies, books and study
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material
Components
 Pedagogy curriculum and approach based on IIM Ahmedabad and ISB
Hyderabad (the founder is alumnus from IIMA & ISB Hyderabad)
 Meditation, spiritualisation, and self development
 Essential softwares for business
 Business plan, Research projects
 Participation in conferences / seminars
 Workshops on leadership, team building etc.
 Written submissions of research projects/articles / papers
 Interview of entrepreneurs, writing biographies of entrepreneurs
 Editing of journals / newsletters
 Consultancy / research projects
 Assignments, communication skill workshops
 Participation in conferences and seminars
 Group discussions, mock interviews, self development diaryng
 Mind Power Training & writing workshop (by Dr. T.K.Jain)

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Pedagogy
 Case analysis,
 Articles from Harvard Business Review
 Quiz, seminars, workshops, games,
 Visits to entrepreneurs and industrial visits
 Presentations, Latest audio-visuals
 Group discussions and group projects
 Periodic self assessment
 Mentoring and counselling
 Study exchange programme (with institutions out of India)
 Rural development / Social welfare projects

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Branches
 AFTERSCHOOOL will shortly open its
branches in important cities in India
including Delhi, Kota, Mumbai, Gurgaon
and other important cities.
Afterschooolians will be responsible for
managing and developing these
branches – and for promoting social
entrepreneurs.

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Case Studies
 We want to write case studies on social
entrepreneurs, first generation
entrepreneurs, ethical entrepreneurs.
Please help us in this process. Help us
to be in touch with entrepreneurs, so that
we may develop entrepreneurs.

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Basic values at afterschoool
 Share to learn more
 Interact to develop yourself
 Fear is your worst enemy
 Make mistakes to learn
 Study & discuss in a group
 Criticism is the healthy route to mutual support
and help
 Ask fundamental questions : why, when, how
& where?
 Embrace change – and compete with yourself
only
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social entrepreneurship for better
society

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