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50 000 MW HYDROELECTRIC INITIATIVE

Government of India Ministry of Power Central Electricity Authority

450 MW KHAB I H.E. PROJECT


HIMACHAL PRADESH

CONFLUENCE OF RIVER SATLUJ AND SPITI AT KHAB ( NEAR DAM SITE OF KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT.)

Preliminary Feasibility Report


March 2004

CONSULTANCY DIVISION, SJVNL

Consultant :

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( Baart sarkar evaM ihmaacala sarkar ka saM yau @t ]pk` ma )
SJVNL

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


( A joint venture of Govt. of India & Govt. of Himachal Pradesh )

50 000 MW HYDROELECTRIC INITIATIVE

Government of India Ministry of Power Central Electricity Authority

450 MW KHAB I H.E. PROJECT


HIMACHAL PRADESH

Preliminary feasibility Report


March 2004

Consultant :

CONSULTANCY DIVISION, SJVNL

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


( Baart sarkar evaM ihmaacala sarkar ka saM yau @t ]pk` ma )
SJVNL

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


( A joint venture of Govt. of India & Govt. of Himachal Pradesh )

INDEX
S. No.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14 15 16 17 CHAPRER I

DESCRIPTION

PAGE No.
1

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SUMMARY AND SALIENT FEATURES. CHAPTER IIBACKGROUND INFORMATION. CHAPTER III CHAPTER IV CHAPTER V CHAPTER VI CHAPTER VII CHAPTER VIII CHAPTER IX CHAPTER X CHAPTER XI CHAPTER XII CHAPTER XIII APPENDIX -A. APPENDIX -B. APPENDIX -C. DRAWINGS. PROJECT AREA. TOPOGRAPHIC & GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS. HYDROLOGY. CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT AND PLANNING. POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES POWER EVACUATION. ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS. INFRASTRUCTURE. CONSTRUCTION PLANNING AND SCHEDULE. COST ESTIMATES. ECONOMIC EVALUATION. PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS. 10 15 20 48 67 80 102 104 111 115 122 188 198 220 224 -

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FURTHER STUDIES & DATA COLLECTION FOR DPR. RELEVANT CORRESPONDENCE. DRAWINGS.

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CHAPTER I SUMMARY

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CHAPTER -I SUMMARY

1.

INTRODUCTION The Khab-I HEP located in Northern Power region is conceived as a runof-river development on river Satluj to tap the hydro power Potential of the upper reaches of river Satluj as it enters into Indian Territory. The scheme would harness a gross head of 189 m in an installation of 450 MW to generate 1512 GWH of design energy in 90% dependable year at Rs. 1.76 /- per unit ( Levellised ) at bus bar. The diversion works on river Satluj for this scheme is located at 310m d/s of Khab, the confluence of river Satluj & river Spiti in Distt. Kinnaur of H.P. , about 300 Km from Shimla. The dam site is approachable by National Highway-22. The nearest rail head (BG) is at Kalka and nearest airport is at Shimla.

2.

SCOPE OF WORK The Khab-I HE Project envisages construction of: a 69m high straight gravity dam across river Satluj to provide a live storage of about 36.38 Mm3 with FRL at El.2592 m and MDDL at El.2568m. The dam has provision of passing about 5600 cumecs of 10,000 years flood through its 5 Nos (8.5 x 6.5m) sluices provided at El.2550.50m. Central spillway to take care of releases downstream of the Dam during sudden closure of power plant in winter has also been provided. Central spillway shall be capable of passing winter flows and thus avoid operation of sluice radial gates in such eventualities. three Nos intakes. Size of each gate has been kept as 5.25m x 6m and intake tunnel shall be 6m dia. Horse shoe type. three desilting chambers each of size 475 m(L) x 16.0 m (W) x 27.5 m (H) to remove silt of particle size 0.2mm & above. an 8.4 Km, 9m dia circular head race tunnel terminating in a surge shaft. an 82.5m high, 30m dia surge shaft. a 6.76m dia circular steel lined pressure shaft. Underground power house having 3 Nos Francis turbines 150 MW each 1

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( CHAPTER I ) ..SUMMARY.

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operating under a net head of 170 m. 318m long tail race tunnel to carry water from power house after generation to river Satluj. The power generated from the project would be evacuated through 400 KV D/C line with double snow bird conductor upto 400 KV GIS Sub Station of Khab-II HEP. The salient features of the project are given at Annex I.1. 3. HYDROLOGY The catchment area of Satluj at Bhakra dam site is about 56875 Sq.Km. out of which about 36900 Sq.Km. falls in Tibet and 19975 Sq.Km in India, Satluj river drains about 50880 Sq.Km at Rampur discharge site which is about 150 Km d/s of proposed dam site. It drains about 49820 Sq.Km at Nathpa dam of Nathpa-Jhakri HE Project which is about 100 Km d/s of Khab dam site. The water availability studies have been carried out by using 31 years G&D data observed at Khab, the confluence of Satluj and Spiti rivers. The design flood of 5600 cumecs corresponds to 10,000 year return period flood.

4.

POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES From the inflow series for 31 years, the year 1997-98 corresponds to 90% dependable year. The 450 MW (3x150MW) of installed capacity has been proposed for the scheme on the basis of water available in 90% dependable year. The annual energy in 90% dependable year has been assessed as 1551 GWh. with annual load factor of 39.34%, Load factor for monsoon period (May-Sept) has been assessed as 75.34% with generation of 1245 GWh of energy. However the load factor for lean period (Oct.-April) has been assessed as 13.36% with 306 GWh of energy. The design energy for tariff at 95% availability in a 90% dependable year has been worked out as 1512 GWh. A pondage of 36.38M cum has been provided in the diversion dam which would enable the station to operate as peaking station.

5.

POWER EVACUATION ASPECTS 2

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The power generated from the project would be evacuated by laying a 20 Km long 400 KV D/C line with double snow bird conductor upto 400 KV GIS Sub Station of proposed Khab-II HEP & then ultimately connected to pooling point near the proposed Karcham Wangtoo HEP through 400 KV DC line with triple snow bird conductor. The power from the pooling point shall be fed to Northern Grid through independent 400 KV transmission line. The proposed power evacuation system is however under review as suggested by CEA in view of the many upcoming HydroElectric Projects of different capacities in this area. The evacuation system for the Satluj basin in totality is being planned by HPSEB.

6.

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS The project is located in remote area of Himachal Pradesh. The land used for the project is not suitable for agricultural activities. Most of the area on left and right banks of the river falling in project limits consist of rocky cliffs. There are also no major or minor industrial units situated in the project area. No historical or cultural monuments will be lost due to proposed projects. Mineral deposits are also unlikely to be affected in this area. Therefore no significant impact on land use is anticipated from the proposed project. Also no significant impact on the wild life is anticipated from the development of this scheme. However the various issues like catchment area treatment, R&R activities, compensatory afforestation etc. would be addressed in detail during the investigation for DPR & shall find place in DPR itself.

7.

ESTIMATES OF THE COST The project is estimated to cost Rs. 1765.89 crores including IDC at Oct 2003 price level. The preliminary cost estimate of the project has been prepared as per guidelines of CEA ( October, 2003). The break down of the cost estimates is given below:

Name Of Works Civil works: E.M. works: Sub Total(Generation): Transmission works:
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

Cost ( Crores) 1019.43 463.93 1483.36 21.36 3


( CHAPTER I ) ..SUMMARY.

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Total Hard cost IDC ( On Generation Component ) Grand Total ( Generation + IDC )

1504.72 282.53 1765.89

8.

FINANCIAL ASPECTS As indicated above, the Khab-I HEP with an estimated cost of Rs. 1765.89 crores (including IDC of Rs. 282.53 crores) and design energy of 1512 GWh in a 90 % dependable year is proposed to be completed in a period of 6 years. The tariff has been worked out considering a debt-equity ratio of 70:30, 16% return on equity, & annual interest rate on loan at 10% . The tariff for first year and levellised tariff have been worked out as Rs. 2.24 / kwh & Rs 1.76 /kwh respectively at Bus bar.

9.

CONCLUSIONS The Khab-I HEP involves standard components for any Hydroelectric project and the works are proposed to be completed in 6 years. The project shall generate 1512 GWh of design energy in 90% dependable year. The cost per MW of installation works out Rs. 3.30 crores . The parameters covered in the PFR suggest that the scheme may be considered for taking up the survey & investigation and preparation of DPR.

Annex I.1

SALIENT FEATURES
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LOCATION State District River Dam site Power House Nearest airport Nearest Rail Head Shimla Kalka (BG) Shimla (Narrow gauge) Himachal Pradesh Kinnaur Satluj 310m D/s of Khab, the confluence of Spiti with Satluj D/s of village Pooh

HYDROLOGY Catchments area at dam site. Average runoff in 90 % dependable year Average runoff in 50 % mean year 44,000 Sq km (Approx.) 4413 Mm 7138 Mm

RESERVOIR Full reservoir level (FRL) Minimum draw down level(MDDL) Gross storage at FRL Live storage 2592 m 2568 m 44.5 Mm 3 36.4 Mm3

DIVERSION DAM

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Type Top elevation of dam Height of dam above deepest Foundation level Length of dam at top River Bed Level at Dam site SPILLWAY Design flood Type Crest elevation Number of sluices Size of each sluice Energy dissipation

Concrete Gravity El 2597 m 69 m 167 m El. 2544m.

5600 cumecs Orifice type 2550.5m 5 8.5m (w) x 6.5m (h) Ski jump

INTAKE Invert level Number Size of gate opening 2555.00 3 5.25m x 6m

SEDIMENTATION CHAMBERS No. of sedimentation chambers Width Depth Length Particle size to be arrested Design discharge
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3 16m. 27.5m. 475m. +0.2 mm. 367.5 cumecs. 6


( CHAPTER I ) ..SUMMARY.

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0.308 m/s

Flow through velocity

HEAD RACE TUNNEL No. Type Diameter Length Design discharge 1 Circular concrete lined 9.0 m finished. 8400 m. 294.0 cumecs.

SURGE SHAFT No. Type Diameter Orifice Dia. Height One Restricted Orifice ( Underground ) 30.00 m 4.25m 82.5m

PRESSURE SHAFTS No. Type Diameter Length Steel Liner Type Thickness 1 Circular steel lined (Underground) 6.76 m ( Finished ) 328m ASTM 517/537 Varies from 20 to 40 mm

POWER HOUSE / TRANSFORMER HALL CAVITY 7


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Type Installed capacity Size of machine hall Size of transformer hall

Underground 450 MW(3 x 150 MW) 63.50m (L) X 20.02m (W) x 57m (H) 65m (L) X 16.5m (W) x 26m (H)

TURBINES No. and type Average gross head Net head at 294 cumecs tunnel discharge Centre line of turbine Design discharge/machine 3 nos., Francis turbines, Vertical Axis 189m 170m 2393.5m 98 cumecs

TAIL RACE TUNNEL Size & Type Length 9.0m dia. Circular shape 318m

POWER GENERATION Installed capacity Annual generation -90% dependable year -50% dependable year Energy in 90% year on 95% Availability 1551 GWH 2026 GWH 1512 GWH 450 MW

COST ESTIMATE

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Name Of Works Civil works: E.M. works: Sub Total(Generation): Transmission works: Total Hard cost IDC: ( on Generation Component ) Grand Total

Cost ( Crores) 1019.43 463.93 1483.36 21.36 1504.72 282.53 1765.89

( Generation + IDC )

FINANCIAL ASPECTS Cost per MW of installed capacity Sale rate per unit (at bus bar) First year Levellised tarrif Construction period Rs. 3.30 Crores Rs. 2.24 per unit Rs. 1.76 per unit 6 years

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CHAPTER II BACKGROUND INFORMATION

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CHAPTER -II BACKGROUND INFORMATION


2.1 2.1.1 GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE AREA, RIVER/BASIN/SUB-BASIN: LOCATION OF THE PROJECT AREA Himachal Pradesh is located in the Western portion of the great Himalayan mountain range of northern India, bounded by the state of Jammu & Kashmir to the north, Tibet to the east and the plains of northern India to the south and the west. The Satluj river is one of the major rivers draining this region. It rises in the Tibetan plateau and passes via steep valleys and gorges through the Himalayan mountains and foothills and meets the Arabian sea across the plains of northern India. The catchment characterstics of Satluj basin are briefly described under Chapter -V Hydrology. Khab-I hydro-electric project area is located about 280Km. from Shimla, the state capital, on National Highway-22. Khab village is at the confluence of Spiti river and Satluj river and is about 10 Km. from Shipkila, the international border of India with Tibet.[Drawing No. KB-1-PFR-1 Location & vicinity map].

2.1.2

COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORT FACILITIES In the project area, NH-22 lies on the left bank of river Satluj from Khab to Dabling Bridge. Dabling bridge is 7 Km downstream of Khab. Downstream of this bridge, the road lies on the right bank of river Satluj. It is envisaged to transport materials for the project either through the broad gauge rail line upto Kalka or through the motorable roads right upto the project area. The project area is approachable through the following motorable roads from Kalka: 1) Kalka-Shimla-Narkanda-Kingal-Rampur-Jhakri-Jeori-Nathpa-Karcham-PowariSpillo-Pooh-Khab. 2) Kalka-Shimla-Mashobra-Basantpur-Kingal-Rampur-Jhakri-Jeori-Nathpa-KarchamPowari-Spillo-Pooh-Khab. 3) Kalka-Dharampur-Arki-Shalaghat-Dhami-Basantpur-Kingal-Rampur-Jeori-NathpaKarcham-Powari-Spillo-Pooh-Khab. 10

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(CHAPTER II) ...BACKGROUND INFORMATION.

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The first alternative route can be normally used for the transportation of materials. This alignment is advantageous, as it conforms to National Highway standards except in a few stretches including bridges. The road is sufficiently wide upto Nathpa with adequate bridges constructed during execution of Nathpa Jhakri hydel project. Beyond Nathpa upto Khab(about 100 Kms), the road shall need to be improved for which adequate provision has been made in the cost estimate. This road however passes through Shimla and Narkanda, located between EL.2133 m to EL.2743m and through Pooh and Khab lying between EL. 2425 to 2553m and may be blocked for short durations during winter season due to snowfalls. The other two alternatives which are common with the first route beyond Kingal(distance of 86Km. from Shimla) are not only longer but also for most of their lengths do not conform to the required standards. A net work of feeder roads from the NH-22 to the sites of various project works shall be required to be provided. The approximate length of such feeder roads is estimated to be of the order of 32 kms.

2.1.3

CLIMATE The project area is near to the dividing line between climate zone I and zone III of northern India. Zone I is tropical monsoon climate and extends from the Indian ocean to north as far as Wangtoo(near Nathpa). The project area however experiences little rainfall as the mountains between the plains and the project area capture most of the precipitation. Climate zone-III is the Arid mountain climate affecting the Tibetan and Western China plateau. It is Characterstically cold and dry in winter and hot and dry in summer. Regions location in the heart of the Himalayas modifies the effect of air moving out from across the Tibetan plateau resulting in high winds and very small precipitation. The temperatures in the project area vary between 20C to 10 C during summer months and between 5C to -15 C during winter.

2.2

POWER SCENARIO AND EXISTING INSTALLATIONS Satluj river has been identified as an important future source of hydro power and several projects have been initiated along this river and its tributaries. Development of Satluj water was started first by Bhakra Dam Project.

In the Satluj basin there are number of projects in various stages of 11


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planning, construction, completion and operation. These projects starting from lower reaches are:

Bhakra Dam, 1325 MW (under operation). Kol Dam, 800 MW (Under execution ). Rampur 439 MW (Planning stage). Nathpa Jhakri, 1500 MW, 6 units of 250 MW each. ( under operation ). Karcham Wangtoo, 1000 MW (Planning stage ). Shongtong Karcham, 400 MW (Planning stage). Thopan Powari, 400 MW (Planning stage). Jhangi-Thopan, 440 MW (Planning stage). Khab-II 186 MW (Concept stage). Khab-I 450 MW (Concept stage). The projects which are in operation on Satluj and its tributaries are:

Nathpa Jhakri, 1500 MW. Bhakra Dam, 1325 MW Baspa stage II, 300 MW. Sanjay Jal Vidyut, 120 MW. Nogli, 3 MW Ghanwi, 22.5 MW Rukti, 1.5 MW Rongtong, 2 MW Chaba, 1.75 MW. All these projects are run-of-the river schemes except Bhakra and Kol Dam which have storage dams. Khab-I and Khab-II are also envisaged as run-of-the river developments.

Himachal Pradesh being mostly a hilly terrain state and located in the far north end of the country considerably away from the coal fields, has little prospect of having thermal projects. Having considerable hydro-power potential, which is generally 12
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found to be more economical for development than thermal power, power generation in the future for HP has to be essentially from hydro power sources. The future demand scenario for the period 1999-2017 as projected by CEA in its 16 Electric Power Survey Report in respect of Himachal Pradesh is depicted in the following Table;
th

Energy and Peak Load Demand for H.P.- Period 1999-2017. Period 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2006-07 2011-12 2016-17 Energy Requirement - GWH 3113 3399 3656 3894 4153 4437 5113 7118 9863 Peak MW 610 662 708 750 795 844 973 1354 1876 Demand

The hydro power potential of Himachal Pradesh according to Profile of Power Utilities and Non-Utilities in India, April,1999 is 11647 MW at 60% load factor with an installed capacity of about 20000 MW. From the above it is obvious that the hydro-power potential of H.P. is surplus to its own requirement. However it will be usefully made available to meet the power and energy requirements in other parts of the country particularly the Northern grid.

2.3

NECESSITY OF THE PROJECT Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Ministry of Power, Govt. of India has prepared a Vision Paper to develop the entire balance Hydro Potential indentified in the country by 2025-26. According to this vision paper prepared to achieve the objective, survey and investigation activities are to be completed by the end of 12th Plan (2016-17). This will result in improvement of hydro share to 32% by 2025-26 which is presently 25%. CEA has identified about 400 hydro-electric projects in the country with 13

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likely installed capacity of 1,06,910 MW. Hydro capacity addition of 25,000 MW has been tentatively envisaged for 12th Plan Period. For the state of Himachal Pradesh 12 schemes have been selected with installed capacity of 3750MW for benefits during 12th Plan whose preliminary Feasibility Reports(PFRs) are to be prepared. Khab-I and KhabII are two such hydroelectric projects on river Satluj basin which have been allocated by CEA to SJVN(Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd.) formerly known as Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation(NJPC) for the preparation of their PFRs.

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CHAPTER III PROJECT AREA

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CHAPTER -III PROJECT AREA

The information presented in this chapter has been obtained through field studies, interaction with various Government departments and collection of available literature.

3.1

DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT AREA INCLUDING RIVER SYSTEM Khab-I and Khab-II HEPs are proposed on river Satluj near Pooh and the upstream. The river Satluj rises in Tibetan Plateau from Mansorovar Lake at an altitude of 4500 m above mean sea level and passes through the Tibetan province of Nari Khorsam. The river then flows through a very deep gorge and is fed by glaciers. The river Satluj is joined by several tributaries in Nari Khorsam, which includes Zangchu, Drama Yankti, Chonak, Manglan, Trunsaco, Samna, Trape etc. The banks in the Tibetan portion are unerroded because the activities of geological agents like surface runoff, water, snow etc are limited. There is no vegetation in the area and when the snow melts, deep channels are formed on the surface. The river Satluj enters India near Shipkila after traversing a distance of 320 Km in the Tibetan province of Nari Khorsam. On entering the Indian portion, the river takes a south westerly direction and traverses for a distance of another 320 km to reach Bhakra gorge, crossing which it enters the plains of Punjab. The main tributary of river Satluj below Shipkila is river Spiti which joins Satluj at Khab, 12 km upstream of Pooh. Tibet border is just about 11 Kms u/s of Khab. The catchment area in this region has characteristics similar to that of Tibetan portion. The altitude of the catchment area drained by river Spiti varies from 3048 m to 4570m. The rainfall in the area is scarce. The area is devoid of vegetation and melting of snow forms deep flow channels. The silt carried by the river comes mainly from the Spiti area due to indigent soil characteristics and absence of vegetation cover, which results in high rate of soil erosion. Other than river Spiti, there are number of water bodies from right and left bank of the study area which are draining into river Satluj. The main water bodies are namely Pooh nallah, Tinku nallah, Bhagat nallah, Shyaso/Ropa khad, Kirang Khad and Vaini khad on the right bank and Nassang khad, Titang khad, Khab nallah, Malling nallah on the left bank. Besides these, few more small nallahs are also draining into River Satluj. 15

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The area below Khab and upto Spillo ( 36 Km d/s of Khab)is bounded by moderately high hills. The precipitation of this area is low and witnesses heavy snowfall. The run-off due to melting of snow is the chief source of water in this region. The area has steep slopes with scanty earth cover. The valley is narrow in the portion from Khab to Pooh.

3.2 3.2.1

SOCIO-ECONOMICS AND OTHER ASPECTS LAND USE Due to inherently high susceptibility to soil erosion, harsh climatic conditions and lack of assured water supply for meeting the consumptive requirements, the agriculture in the project area is less intensive. Food and agriculture organization (FAO) has classified the state of Himachal Pradesh into three agro-economical zones, which are described as under; Humid Sub-tropical zone (Flat valley upto an elevation of 1000m, with a rain fall of 1250-2500mm). Wet Sub-Temperate zone (elevation ranging from 1000-1500 m with a precipitation of 1500 mm). Dry Temperate alpine zone of high lands (elevation of over 2000m with arid climatic conditions, more snowfall than rainfall. The proposed project area lies in third category of dry temperate alpine zone. Due to less rainfall intensity and heavy snowfall restricting physical factors, the land suitable for agriculture is scarce. The area comprises mostly inert rock material with a very little earth cover. There are no major or minor industrial units situated in the study area. No historical or cultural monuments will be lost due to the proposed projects. No mineral deposits are also likely to be affected in this area. Most of the left and right banks of the study area consist of rocky cliffs. The total geographical study area is 102168 ha out of which the forest area is covered with 1307 ha., barren and uncultivable lands account for 28340 ha, land put to non-agriculture use is 19077 ha, permanent pasture and other grazing land is 52339 ha, cultivable waste land is 180 ha, other miscellaneous crop area is 11 ha, fallow land is 202 ha and the irrigated/cultivable land is 712 ha.

3.2.2

DEMOGRAPHY OF POPULATION 16
(CHAPTER III) ...PROJECT AREA.

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This section deals with the names of villages lying within the study area of Pooh block. The number of villages falling on the left and right banks of river and the details of population is shown in Table III-1. The total population of the study area is 14855. The number of females per 1000 males is 880. The percentage of males in the study area is 53% and females is 47%.

3.2.3

CROPPING PATTERN Agriculture is an important parameter for the economic growth of any region. The spatial heterogeneity of soil structure, suitability of soil for agriculture varies to a large extent. The people in the study area are mostly dependent on agriculture by growing the pulses, fruits, vegetables, dry fruits etc. Wherever the agricultural facilities are available, the people are slowly switching over to agricultural activities. The type of crops sown includes Phaphra, Cheena, Rajmma, Khonda, Mutter, Alloo, Apple, Neoza, Badam, Tamatar, Gehu, Jov, Maize and Gobi. It has also been observed in the study that the major economical activity of people in this region is cash crop cultivation. This is mostly practised among the people living in the higher and temperate altitudes. The main cash crops sown in this region are the horticultural trees like Apple, Plum, Khurmani, Badam, Galgal, Lemon etc. The people in this area solely harvest the cash crops due to good price and high market value.

3.2.4

CONCLUSION As this area lies in dry temperate alpine zone with unfavourable climatic conditions for agricultural activities, the proposed projects will certainly impart the socio- economic upliftment of local residents and other adjoining villages. The infrastructure activities developed due to the proposed projects will also help to gear up this region socially and financially.

Table III-1. 17
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DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE STUDY AREA VILLAGE NAME NO.OF HOUSE HOLDS Tumra 47 Syal Khar 83 Chango Uparla 129 Chango Nichala 121 Ka 20 Nako 103 Youngthang 40 Malling 53 Malling Dogri 25 Leo 158 Dang 17 Hongo 63 Chuling 52 Lavrang Khas 124 Namk Lang 10 Spilo Khas 148 Konam Khas 101 Kanam Nichala 61 Surayu 5 Jhamil 5 Ropa Khas 91 Sumtat 16 Jhambung Khas 91 Jhambung Parala 45 Rusokulang 58 Taling 8 Sunam Khas 118 Daphang 3 Shaso 23 Pooh 305 Lobrang 79 Dhanmoche 112 Namjha Khas 82 Namjha Kanda 3 Khabo 20 Tasigang 25 Dubling 92 Dabling 10 Krushna Kanda 12
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

MALE 96 190 281 301 21 195 73 107 113 365 36 153 118 301 34 315 268 172 2 3 275 37 160 94 312 20 281 9 64 637 145 173 240 100 102 124 209 18 37

FEMALE 110 167 266 365 22 248 18 15 113 310 36 140 110 349 4 309 320 177 3 2 221 39 187 101 151 28 335 7 67 476 106 78 170 7 39 46 148 21 7

TOTAL POPULATION 206 357 547 666 43 443 91 122 226 675 72 293 228 650 38 624 588 349 5 5 496 76 347 195 463 48 616 16 131 1113 251 251 410 107 141 170 357 39 44 18

(CHAPTER III) ...PROJECT AREA.

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81 447 7 172 122 2 65 461 360 96 538 1 163 44 41 414 339

Tocto Lippa Ligring Asrang Khas Kutang Chuppan Savaden Rasrang Kahs Jangi Khas

34 221 1 74 29 1 24 161 155

177 985 8 335 166 2 106 875 699

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PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) (CHAPTER III) ...PROJECT AREA.

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CHAPTER IV TOPOGRAPHIC & GEO-TECHNICAL ASPECTS

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

CHAPTER -IV

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TOPOGRAPHIC & GEO-TECHNICAL ASPECTS

A report on geological aspects of Khab-I and Khab-II Hydroelectric Projects based on the site visits for identification of probable layouts of these projects and other inputs has been prepared by SJVN Senior Geologist (Annexure-IV-1). This report covers Regional Geology , geology of various alternative sites, construction material and seismicity etc. The report was sent to Geological Survey of India during September,2003 for providing further geological inputs pertaining to the project areas. Geological Survey of India prepared the report which is based on the site visit/ studies by S/Sh .Ashok Kumar (Senior Geologist) and Dr. Vinod Kumar (Resident Geologist) of GSI in the first fortnight of November,2003 and is attached as Annexure-IV-2. This report pertains to location of Diversion Dam at Khab and Power House sites for Khab-I & Khab-II Projects near Shyaso Khad and Kirang Khad respectively as shown in the enclosed sketch (PlateI). SJVNL also got petrographical studies of the area done from Deptt. of Geology, Punjab University, Chandigarh. Six samples representing the area of Khab I & Khab II HEPs were supplied for Petrographic studies. The report prepared by them is attached as Annexure IV-3. Subsequently as per suggestions/comments of CEA & CWC on Hydrological aspects of Khab-I & Khab-II HE Projects with regard to compatibility with Jangi Thopan HE Project proposed downstream of Khab-II HEP, locations of Power Houses of Khab-I and KhabII Projects were relocated to D/S of Pooh (Khab-I PH) & near confluence of Tagla Khad with River Satluj (Khab-II PH ). The location of Dam and PH sites for Khab I are shown in Drg. No. KB-I-PFR-2. Detailed geological studies including those of revised locations proposed for the Power Houses of these projects shall need to be carried out at DPR stage.

Annexure IV-1
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PRELIMINARY REPORT ON GEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS OF PROPOSED KHAB-I AND KHAB-II HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECTS, DISTRICT KINNAUR, HP
BY GEOLOGISTS OF SJVNL. The area around Satluj river south of Khab in Kinnaur District upto Spillo was jointly visited by Senior Geologist of SJVNL alongwith design and field engineers for identification of probable layouts regarding P.F.Rs. of Khab-I and II Projects from 22nd May,2003. The area is one of the remote and difficult mountainous terrains of Himachal Pradesh having high relief, snow clad peaks and U shape Glacier Valleys which at lower altitudes become fluvio glacial carving a V shaped channel in their flat base. Eight sites were identified for the proposed Khab-I and Khab-II Hydroelectric Projects between Khab & Spillo. All the selected sites were along the either side of the river Satluj thus having close proximity to NH-22. The rocks in these areas in general are highly folded granites, phyllites, low grade schists, slates and at places Gneises grading into Kyanite, garnet schists. These metamorphic rocks of Central Crystalline Zone in the Southern part of Higher Himachal Himalayas are exposed at Kalpa, Spillo, Pooh and adjoining areas. These rocks are mainly grouped under Wangtu Gneissic Complex, Karcham Group and Haimanta Group on the basis of lithology, rock association and tectonic setting. The regional stratagraphic succession of the area is given below in the Regional Geology. The rocks exposed around Khab Projects area are grouped under Haimanta Group. The rocks observed at either side slopes of the river Satluj are folded mainly towards Northern side with limbs of the fold at places showing steep dips, otherwise the major bedding observed shows gentle to moderate dips. As the area is devoid of any vegetation and is snow fed, the glacial erosion on the slopes and summits of the mountains is prominent, the surfacial weathering is very common may be due to the diurnal temperatures and frost action. The heavy snowfall during Winter in this part of the Himalayas is followed by the avalanches during start of the summer so the accessibility to the area is limited to 5 to 6 months in a year probably. The first report on the geology of this area was given by Stolizka(1866) followed by report on mineral resources by Mallet(1866). McMahon(1866) recorded the petrological characters of some amphibolites and quartz diorites from Shimla Wangtu section. Berthelsen(1951) recognized the occurrences of two domes located one each at Rampur and Wangtu to explain the disposition of metamorphic rocks in the region. Geologically the Khab projects area mainly belongs to Lr.Haimantas which includes Rakcham Granites on its eastern side and abuts a sequences of gneiss, schists and phyllites (Plate-I) along a fault called Sumdoh Fault which is still active. These rocks are unfossiliferous Haimantas and pass uninterruptedly into fossiliferous Haimantas. Near Spillo the rocks gradually grade into low grade schists and arenaceous slates which show ripple markings and exhibit folds of more than 200 m wavelength with excellent slaty cleavage, a text book example of relation between bedding 22
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(CHAPTER IV) ...TOPOGRAPHIC & GEO-TECHANICAL ASPECTS.

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and cleavage on such a grand scale. The regional geology of the area is given below.

REGIONAL GEOLOGY The following succession has been established by various geologists of GSI and other institutions (R.K.Gaur, Ameta 1973, 74, Sharma, 1976, Tewari et al 1978, kakar;1985).

Formation Bed deposits River Terraces Glacial Moraines Lake Sediments Upper Haimanta Lower Haimanta

Lithology River Sand, Silt, Pebbles and cobbles Sand, Pebbles and Cobbles Unassorted boulders, pebbles, silt,clays Silts,clays with lenses of pebbles, silt,clays Fossiliferous Metasediments. Low grade schists and Slates, Gneisses grading into Kyanite, garnet schists. Psammitic Gneiss with banded quartzite and schist Porphyroblastic & Coarse GranitioGneiss, Banded Gneiss with kyanite Psammitic Gneiss with kyanite, Graphitic Schists, Rampur Quartzite

Maldi Gneisses (SUMDOH FAULT) Vaikrita Group Mehbar Gneiss (Karcham Gr.)

VAIKRITA THRUST Jutogh Formation Grey quartzite with bands of garnetiferous Mica schist, garnetiferous & calcareous Phyllites with thin limestone bands. Garnetiferous phyllites with quartzite bands 23
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(CHAPTER IV) ...TOPOGRAPHIC & GEO-TECHANICAL ASPECTS.

Chails

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Gneiss

Shatul Gneiss

Rampur formation (KARCHAM THRUST) White and brown vitreous quartzites Wangtu Gneisses And Granites Gneissic granites Porphyroblastic and non porphyroblastic

In the Khab stage I and II, rock belonging to Haimanta Group are exposed. These continue upto North of the Khab confluence. Vaikrita Group underlain these rocks south of Jangi village along which Sumdoh Fault is also identified. The petrographic studies have revealed that Lr.Haimanta Granites, Metaschists Phyllites etc. show granulose texture and constituent minerals are quartz, felspars and mica in the form of biotite, muscovite mainly. The physical and microscopic characters of the rock samples collected are as follows:

QUARTZITES The quartizites have developed gneissic structure. The rock is predominantly arenaceous showing gray to black bands. Bedding planes are noticed in the rock which trend NS. The sample is quite massive.

PHYLLITES Phylites are grey coloured and a cleaved metamorphic rock having affinities with both slates and mica schists. It is a coarse grained not perfectly cleaved, less jointed. These rocks are result of low temperature regional metamorphism.

QMS This rock is hard and unlike the qms(quartz mica schist) found in the Nathpa Jhakri Project, this rock is less foliated and folias of the rock are separated by biotite mica. Petrographically the rock contains quartz and mica in equal proportion mostly with faint Schistose structure therefore this rock unit should preferably be schistose metamorphic rock. This term would better convey the association of schists in the metamorphic rocks.

GLACIAL MORAINES Both lateral and terminal moraines occur in the area. These comprise large boulders of Granites, Phyllites etc. with in the fine matrix of glacial till. These deposits used to 24
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block the local nallas and sometimes even Sutlaj.

FLUVIAL DEPOSITS These occur in the river terraces. These comprise reworked rock boulders, cobbles, pebbles and sands.

TALUS The slope wash material covers the rock face along the slope. It comprises large blocks of rocks along with smaller fractions. The geo-technical aspects of various engineering features are as follows:DAM SITE (SJVNL & CEA SCHEME*) OPTION-1 Firstly, the site was inspected at the confluence of the river Spiti with Satluj, the rocks here are exposed in cliff form. The rocks exposed at northern side mountains from the confluence are thickly to thinly jointed and slopes are rising at an angle between 80 deg.-90deg. upto 150 meters and above this no slopes are visible. The right bank slopes are also steep and rise about 180 mtrs., the rocks here are blocky to tabular and general bedding is closely spaced and dipping into the hill. The joint sets are given below:S.No. 1. 2. 3. Strike of the joints East - West S12Deg.W-N12deg.E NS Amount of dip & direction. N15deg.W-N10E:25-30 deg. N78deg.W:75-80deg. N15deg.-20deg.:80-g. Continuity Spacing (Mtrs) (Cms.) >35 30-40 20-30 5-15 20-30 5-10

*CEA scheme as per ranking study of CEA The pegmatitic bodies/veins are also observed on this hill slope which are disposed discordantly. The rock exposures at right bank side are continuous for a long stretch and seem to be stable geotechnically, as the rocks exposed seem to be Granites, Phyllites and 25
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hard Shales. The left bank slopes are also steep and rise at an angle 75 deg. to 85 deg. upto about 100 mtrs. to 125 meters and above this, the village Khab is located where the slopes seem to be gentle and further upward the slopes are not visible. The rock exposures at left bank side from the confluence are about 70 to 80 meters and further downstream slide area is present which runs about 300 to 500 meters where the slopes are at 45 degrees to 55 degrees and covered with glacial tills, morains etc. The difference between river level and the H.T. road from confluence to the left bank rock exposures is about 10 meters to 15 meters so low height dam will not be possible and if required the H.T.road will have to be diverted but due to steep slopes it may not be possible. So another alternative site downstream side of the Satluj was inspected.

DAM SITE (SJVNL & CEA SCHEME) OPTION-II The second site was identified downstream to the Satluj 2.5 Kms from Khab confluence . This site is about 135 Km from Jhakri. The slopes on right abutment side are steep with slope angle more than 75 degree upto more than 300 mtrs. i.e. upto the summit whereas left abutment slopes are moderate to steep with slope angle downstream of the proposed dam axis as 45 to 55 degrees due to slide and glacial morains. Whereas upstream of the proposed dam axis, slopes are steep with more than 70 degrees upto 150 mtrs. and above that the slopes become more steeper. The river section at dam site is about 35 to 40 mtrs. wide. At left side abutment 30 to 35 mtr. wide bench is present which is about 15 to 20 mtr above the river level and extends for a length of 40 mtrs. roughty. The rocks here are metamorphic granites, basic intrusions, probably phyllites. The trend of the bedding runs east-west and dipping north-west, the dam axis is about 5 to 8 degree askew to the main bedding. The main bedding is shortly spaced i.e. 0.4 to 0.8 mtrs. and open at places. The glide cracks were also observed. The main bedding is cut across by the vertical joints showing spacing of 5 to 10 mtrs with continuity range 5 to 15 mtrs. The joint planes are generally tight with stains of weathering observed on the open surfaces. The depth of the weathering and depth of the bedrock below the river bed can only be ascertained by drilling and other tests. For detailed geo-technical and geological assessment of the site proper approach paths are necessary as abutments are steeper at right side than on the left comparatively.

About 3 Kms upstream of the river Spiti from the confluence, there is a slide area at right bank due to which the river is very narrow i.e. 12 to 15 mtrs. Due to this slide the ponding of the river can occur any time which can cause flash flood at downstream side. The following joint sets were observed at either side of the Spiti river; 26
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER IV) ...TOPOGRAPHIC & GEO-TECHANICAL ASPECTS.

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S.No. 1. 2.

Strike of joints S78deg.E-N78deg.W S12Deg.W-N12deg.E

Amount of dip & direction. S12deg.W:gentle N78deg.W:75-80deg.

Continuity (Mtrs) >35 20-30

Spacing (Cms.) 30-40 20-30

Alongwith above Joint sets, the westerly dipping joint with moderate dips observed.

POWER HOUSE (PH-1) SJVNL The proposed underground Power House at right bank can be located 1 km, upstream of the Village Pooh below Hindustan Tibet Road under the spur over which Village Pooh is located. Here the river is flowing in westerly direction, no river terraces have been recorded except at left bank side in front of PH-1 which is at the elevation of about 2460 MSL whereas the elevation of river bed at Power House site is 2440 MSL. This terrace is about 50 to 60 mtr. in length and about 15 mtrs. wide. The slopes on the right bank side are moderate to gentle i.e. from river bed to the HT road, the slope is more than 70 degree and above the HT road the slope is between 40 to 45 degree upto about 350 mtrs. and after that the slope again becomes steeper upto the summit. Whereas at the left bank side, the terrace is about 20 mtrs. above the river bed with steep slope of more than 75 degree. Above the terrace, the slopes are 65 to 85 degrees. The rock exposures/surfaces are clearly visible on the left bank slopes then right bank site except between HT and river bed for about 40 mtrs. and above the HT road at right bank, the slopes are covered with Talus/morain deposits. The rocks are in general jointed and blocky with main bedding shortly spaced at either side slopes with 30 to 50 cm spacing. The general trend of the bedding is roughly south 7 degree east to north 7 degree west with dip direction north 83 degree east: 15x25 degree, the overall dip of the main bedding is in upstream direction of the river at right bank side around the proposed PH-1. The following Joint sets observed around first Power house site are as below:-

S.No. 1. 2. 3.

Strike of joints N004deg.East-NS N67deg.E-S67deg.W N60deg.E-S60deg.W

Amount of dip & direction. S86deg.E:20deg.-70deg. N37deg.W:60deg. N30degW:30deg.

Spacing (Cm.) 45-350 100-150 500-600

Continuity (Mtrs) >30 >20 >30

The slopes seem to be suitable for providing penstocks, the part of the penstocks 27
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can be through the overburden/galacial tills. The Pooh Nala is about 50 mtrs. downstream of the PH-1 at right bank side of river Satluj. There is a slide along right bank side of Pooh Nala about 100 mtrs. from its confluence with river Satluj. This slide area may be due to the slopes of the main bedding into the Pooh Nala.

POWER HOUSE-II (SJVNL) The PH-II for the Khab Stage-II has been proposed 12.5 kms downstream of Village Pooh, at left bank. The main rocks observed are probably granites and phyllites. The rocks are folded and main bedding is dipping south 40 degree west: 62 degrees 55 degrees. The rocks are folded towards south west and limbs of these folds are steep and gentle alternately to the downstream side of the proposed PH-II. The slopes at left bank side of proposed PH-II are very steep upto 350 mtrs. with slope angle varies from 75 degree to 80 degree. The right bank slope is steep upto H.T. road upto about 45 mtrs and above the HT road, the slope is gentle to moderate with slope angle varying from 40 to 48 degree and these slopes are covered with slide/glacial tills upto 150 mtr and above this, the slope again becomes steep upto the summit of the hill. The river around PH-II is about 70-80 mtrs. wide and flowing in south 74 degree west to north 74 degree east direction.

POWER HOUSE-I (CEA) This underground site is proposed 9.5 kms downstream of the Pooh Village at right bank side of the river Satluj and upstream of the confluence of Shasu Khad with river Satluj. The Satluj river is flowing in South Westerly direction i.e. from North 48 degree east to South 48 degree west. The river is sufficiently broad about 80 mtrs and therefore, sufficient workable area is available. The general trend of the bedding is North 46 degree West to South 44 degree East. The slopes at right bank side are steep and rise at an angle of more than 70 degree below and above the H.T(Hindustan-Tibet) road and rock exposures prominently visible are probably of arenacous shales, phyllites etc., showing high strength. The distance between the road and river level is about 35 to 40 mtrs at right bank side of the river Satluj and this slope rises at a steep angle. The south west side of hill under which PH-I is proposed is covered with glacial tills and average depth of this overburden seems to be 5 to 10 mtrs.

POWER HOUSE-II (CEA) OPTION NO.1 28


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This site is proposed upstream from the confluence of Tagla Khad with river Satluj at right bank of the Tagla Khad. The slopes of the hill under which PH-II is proposed rise at an angle of 35 degrees to 45 degrees, upto 150 mtrs. and these slopes are covered with glacial tills/morains and a link road is also meandering on this slope to the top, which can be of good use to link with the surge tank. Further upwards, the slope again rises at moderate angle and rock exposures are of low grade metamorphic rocks. The river Satluj here is flowing in south westerly direction i.e. from North 12 degrees East South 12 degrees west on down stream side. Here the river is about 80 to 100 mtrs. wide, and sufficient workable area is available. The following prominent sets of joints have been observed at H.T.road side; S.No. 1. 2. 3. Strike of joints N82deg.E-S82deg.W N70deg.-S70deg.W S46deg.E-N46deg.W Amount of dip & direction. S8deg.E:38deg.-45deg. N20deg.W:48deg-52deg. N44deg.E:25deg.-35deg. Spacing (cm.) 35-55 100-300 100-300 Continuity (Mtrs) >30 >15 >15

POWER HOUSE-II (CEA) OPTION NO.2 This site was also seen as an alternative site at the confluence of Kirang Khad with the river Satluj (upstream side on the left bank, underground). The hill under which the PH-II is proposed, the slopes rise at an angle of 55 deg.-60deg. from the river bed upto 50 meters and covered with glacial deposits ( overburden). The thickness of this overburden will not be more than 5 mtrs because of the moderate slope and further upwards the slope again rises at an angle of about 40 deg.-45deg. and covered with continuity of more than 30 mtr.

The rocks in general are blocky and folded with one of the limbs of the fold dipping steeply upto 90deg. At places isoclinal folds are observed which are specific to the summits of the hills. Around proposed PH-II site, the river Satluj is flowing from North 46 deg.-South 50deg. west direction, no any river terraces are visible at either side of the river. The trees at places upto about 110 mtrs, the rock exposures are visible on these slopes of Granites, Phyllites etc. of low metamorphic grade and further upwards the steeper slopes are prominent upto 95 mtrs to the summit, there also similar rock types are visible probably. The river is about 80-90 mtrs wide and sufficient workable area is available. The right bank slopes are steep below and above the H.T.road. The general trend of the bedding is striking North-South and dipping gently to Westerly direction and continuity of this joint is more than 30 meters at an average. Other joint sets observed along H.T. road are South 10deg.W-N10deg.E dipping SEE with dip amount 55 deg.-65deg. at 0.15-0.3 mtrs. spacing. Another joint dipping NNE with gentle dip amount ranges from 10 deg.-15deg. with rocks exposed around this location are probably low grade 29
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(CHAPTER IV) ...TOPOGRAPHIC & GEO-TECHANICAL ASPECTS.

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metamorphic Schists, Granites alternating with Phyllites and Slates probably of arenaceous texture, later exhibits close jointing.

THE PROBABLE SITES FOR CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL Though no samples were collected for petrographic studies to finalize the suitability of material for construction purpose. Megascopically the river bed material was seen in abundance in Kirang Khad and Thangi Nalla at left bank side where quartzitic cobbles and boulders are in abundance. Whether the quantity of this river borne material is sufficient and suitable can only be ascertained after traversing the river course and petrographic analysis of this material. However one hill was seen between PH-II (option-l and option-2) at right side of the H.T. road where small crusher is also present. Moreover Morang quarry can be used for the construction purpose but the distance can be one of the constraints as far as economics of the proposed project is concerned. However petrography for the major rock type samples collected from the area carried out from the center of advanced study in Geology for the nomenclature of rocks and suitability of the rock samples collected as a construction material. Quartzite samples were found most suitable for construction purpose which is in abundance around the confluence area and downstream upto three kilometers, other samples are of phyllites and mica rich gneisses.

SEISMICITY The proposed project is lying in active seismic Himalayan belt. The seismic zones have been demarcated as per data on earthquake occurrences and geological & tectonic set up of various parts of the country. A seismic zoning map of India has been compiled delineating five seismic zones. This zoning is done by evaluating Modified Mercelli Intensity in areas in which one may reasonably expect earthquake shock of more or less same intensity in future. This area has experienced minor tremors in the past probably due to the 1975 Kinnaur earthquake and 1991 Uttarkashi earthquake during which the estimated intensity was VI(on modified Mercelli scale). During 1905 Kangra earthquake this area experienced an intensity of VII(on Rossi Forrel Scale). Thus as per seismic zoning of India, the proposed project sites lie in seismic zone IV and this project lies in the close proximity of the Kaurik fault (along which 1975 Kinnaur earthquake occurred), a main tectonic feature close to this project site.

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Annexure IV-2 A NOTE ON PREFEASIBILITY GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF KHAB-I AND KHAB-II HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECTS, DISTRICT KINNAUR, HP By Ashok Kumar and Vinod Kumar Geological Survey of India, Lucknow
Reconnaissance geological investigation of Khab-I and Khab-II Hydroelectric Projects was taken up as an additional item on the request of The General Manager, Infra Design/Consultancy Division, Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd. , Shimla vide letter No. SJVN:PFRS:Vol-II/2003-610-13 dated 12.9.2003. The field work was carried out in the first fortnight of November 2003 and the project sites were introduced to the authors by Sh Akshay Acharya, Sr. Geologist, Project Consultancy Cell. SJVN, Ltd. Jeori . Both projects are located between Khab and Jangi villages in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. The area is accessible by National Highway-22 (Hindustan- Tibet road) from Shimla. The dam site of Khab-I H.E. Project near Khab village is about 290 km from Shimla and 435 km from Ambala. KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT The project envisages the construction of 77 m high concrete gravity dam, 13.33 km long head race tunnel, a 30 m diameter 95.5 m deep surge shaft and a 91 m long underground power house. All structures would be on the right bank of Satluj River. The desilted water from the tailrace tunnel is to be diverted into the intake of Khab-II Project. However, the project is in its conceptual stage and, therefore, there is a possibility of modification in the project features.

DAM SITE The proposed dam axis is located at 310 m downstream of the confluence of Satluj and Spiti rivers near village Khab (Photo 1). At the proposed site, the abutments are very steep and form about 100-125m deep narrow gorge. The right bank has a steep slope of about 75 Degree upto a height of about 150m and the left bank rises steeply to a height of about 100m or so above the river bed level (El. 2548.87m). The road (NH-22) is on the left bank whereas the right bank is inaccessible. 32
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At the dam site grey micaceous quartzite with phyllite, intruded by granite, aplite, and pegmatite is exposed on both banks. On the right bank, rock is exposed continuously from the confluence to downstream of the dam axis for a considerable distance. At the proposed site, the overburden material, in the form of talus, occurs only upto the maximum height of about 20 m from the river bed. On the left bank, insitu rock is present from just upstream of the confluence to about 300m downstream. Upstream as well as downstream of the left bank rock exposure, slopes are gentler and covered with thick overburden material. The river section is about 50-60 m wide where river borne material is present. The intact rock is nearly fresh, hard and compact while the rock mass is moderately jointed with well developed foliation and other joints. Joints observed on the left bank are given below: a) b) c) d) Dip 15- 17 due N25 W, long continuity foliation joints, spaced at about 50cm. Dip 40 -45 due N 65W, 5-10 m long valley dipping joints, spaced 30-60cm. Dip 60-65 due E and 25 - 35 due E, 15-20 m long dipping into the hill, spaced 1-2m. Dip 50 due S40E, 10-15 m long, spaced 0.5-1 m

Similar joints are likely to traverse the right abutment. Considering the joint pattern and steep rocky abutments, excavations for the dam stripping and intake may induce an element of instability in the rock mass. Therefore, all excavations would warrant stability analysis during detail investigation. The present dam axis shall have to be shifted upstream by 60-80 m placing it at about 230-250 m downstream of the confluence in order to avoid thick overburden material present immediately downstream of the proposed dam axis. On left bank, the slope above the steep rock is nearly flat for about 20-30 m. It is followed upward by a striking erosional feature in rock, which is aligned at very acute angle to the river. But due to accessibility problem, this feature could not be examined closely. However, it might be the result of mechanical erosion along some weak geological feature, or erosion along old nala course, or it may represent a palaeochannel of Satluj River (Photo 2) . Therefore, it shall have to be investigated in detail at a later stage. In case, any major weak zone is found along this feature, adequate remedial measures shall have to be adopted depending upon the site conditions. If there is a palaeochannel, the dam may have to be located at an alternative site depending upon the configuration and depth of palaeochannel.

On the left bank of proposed dam site some solution activity (Photo 3) has been 33
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observed in the rock at higher level (about 80-100m). It indicates that rock is susceptible to chemical action. Therefore, chemical analysis of rocks will be needed at detailed investigation stage.

HEAD RACE TUNNEL The proposed headrace tunnel (HRT) is expected to pass through intensely folded and moderately to closely jointed phyllite, quartzite and slate having thin schist bands. Granite and pegmatite intrusions are also noted. The tunnel shall have to negotiate a number of minor as well as major shear/fracture zones, which are likely to be present along the proposed alignment. However, as per the available regional geological data, no regional tectonic dislocation like fault or thrust is reported in the area that may cross the tunnel. The tentative geology along the road section is shown in Plate -I. The tunnel alignment runs either oblique or across the foliation, in general and requires detail geological studies. The rock cover along the tunnel alignment varies from nearly hundred meters to a maximum of about 1650m. The maximum rock cover over the tunnel is in the section between dam site and Pooh village. High stress conditions are likely to be encountered along the tunnel. Lowest rock cover of approximately 100m is likely to be present in Sumna Lungoa Khad (2.5km west of Pooh Nala).

POWER HOUSE An underground power house is proposed on the right bank of river Satluj, just upstream of the confluence of Shyaso Khad (Ropa gad), at about 20.5 km (along road) downstream of the Satluj Spiti confluence. The valley slope of Khad is moderate and it is largely covered with overburden material comprising mainly scree, talus and some glacial material. The overburden does not appear to be thick as small patches of probably insitu weathered rock as seen in Photo -4 (as seen from right bank of Khad) are exposed. Thinly foliated, moderately to closely jointed, intensely folded, and moderately weathered phyllite with some slate is exposed on the right bank of Satluj at road level. Foliation has a dip of 25 degree due S60 E that varies due to folding. Other joints observed in the road section have dips 85 in S40 E and 50 in S40 W. Foliation joints and south westerly dipping joints are of long continuity. The Shyaso Khad as well as the Khad opposite to it on the left bank of Satluj appear to be flash flood prone. There are large landslide prone slopes along the left bank of Shyaso Khad which caused the formations of a lake in the historic past as evidenced by lake sediments near Shyaso village (Bhambry and Kumbakarni, 1992). Therefore, any future blockade in the upstream and subsequent breaching may cause flash flood in this khad, which may, in turn, 34
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raise the bed level of Satluj near the confluence. Similar situation may also result by a debris laden flash flood in the Khad opposite to Shyaso Khad where evidences of such flood in the past have been observed. Hence, tailrace outfall and the portal of permanent access tunnel (PAT) shall have to be located keeping these natural hazards in view. The tailrace outfall is proposed on the left bank that would require siphon crossing of the river by the tailrace tunnel (TRT). Therefore, there is a possibility of high water seepage/flow into the TRT reach passing under the river depending upon the frequency, nature and continuity of joints.

KHAB-II HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT The Khab-II Hydel project would utilise the tail water of Khab-I Project directly and envisages the construction of 11.8 or 12.8 km long HRT (two proposed alignments) on the left bank of Satluj, a surge shaft and an underground power house just opposite Kirang Khad. However, as the project is in conceptual stage, details of various structures are under finalisation. Geological studies have been carried out at the intake and powerhouse site for geotechnical assessment of the proposed project structures.

INTAKE SITE The proposed intake site is located on the left bank at about km stone 411.5, which is about 23.70 km downstream of the Spiti-Satluj confluence. The left bank is steep and inaccessible while the right bank has a gentle slope and the river section is very wide (may be 150m). The water channel is towards the left bank. A local Khad opposite to Shyaso Khad joins the river on the left bank towards upstream. Insitu rock is exposed on the left bank at the proposed site. Just downstream of the site, there is a talus cone on the slope upto about 70-80 m height above the riverbed level. Towards, upstream, thick glacial deposit occurs on the slope and is followed upstream by a thick fan deposit (Photo-5) of the local Khad over the river terrace material. On the left bank, overburden material is present for an overall distance of about 500m. Besides, it appears that the local Khad has experienced flash floods in the past. On the Right Bank, phyllite and slaty phyllite dipping 30-35 in S40W, is exposed along the road section. Above the road, the slope is covered with thin talus material. The rock type appears to be same on the left bank. An alternative site is located about 500 m upstream of the proposed location where thick overburden comprising fan deposit and terrace material occurs on the left bank while phyllite is exposed on the right bank. 35
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Considering the geological conditions and the possibility of natural hazards, the site does not appear to be suitable for a surface structure. Therefore, the intake may be placed underground, deeper in the rock, after exploring the thickness and extent of overburden material. HEAD RACE TUNNEL There are two alignments of the proposed head race tunnel. For convenience they are named as Alignments A and B which have tunnel lengths of 11.8 km and 12.8km respectively. The tunnel is expected to pass through phyllite, Slaty phyllite and slate-having bands of quartzite and schist. The rocks are highly folded and moderately to closely jointed with fracture zones and shear seams. At places, carbonaceous phyllite/graphite schist may be encountered. In general, the rock condition is expected to be fair with deviation at places. The foliation is likely to be either oblique or across the tunnel alignment in general. The minimum rock cover over the tunnel would be to the tune of 250m under the Tagla Khad along alignments A&B respectively and the maximum cover is 1300m and 1600 m respectively.

POWER HOUSE The powerhouse is proposed underground in the hill (left bank) opposite Kirang Khad near km stone 396.4 where the river bed level is at El.2270m. The site is not accessible for close examination, therefore, it has been examined from the right bank. The hill slope is covered with talus material upto a height of about 150m or so and the overburden thickness is expected to be shallow as some small outcrops of insitu rock are exposed (Photo-6). However, the rock is weathered and disintegrated at the surface. The rock is continuously exposed at higher level, which extends to lower levels towards downstream. On the right bank, dark grey arenaceous phyllite interbedded of grey micaceous quartzite is exposed along the road section just upstream of the confluence of Kirang Khad where foliation attitude has been recorded as 10 due N10E to 45 E. The variation is due to folding of rocks. Similar rocks are likely to be present on the left bank where powerhouse is proposed.

36
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The underground powerhouse at this site appears to be feasible as sufficient rock cover would be available and the PAT portal and TRT outfall could be suitably located after detail studies.

SUGGESTED ALIGNMENT Considering the geological conditions at the intake and expected thick overburden in the river, an alternative alignment on the right bank (Plate-I) is suggested for study. This alignment would avoid crossing of river Satluj by the TRT of Khab-I project, thick overburden material at the TRT outfall (of Khab-I) and intake without any geological disadvantage, as the rocks are similar on both banks. Moreover, the tunnel length is nearly same to that of proposed Alignment B. Existing road on the left bank is an added advantage in case of suggested alignment. This proposal may be studied from engineering point of view.

Annexure IV-3
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REPORT ON THE GEOLOGY OF THE KHAB AREA AND ETROLOGICAL STUDIES OF ROCK SAMPLES CEA PH-I, CEA PH-II, C.C.-3A, C.C.-3 B, CEA-K-II AND SJVNL PH-II
BY Prof. R.K.Kakar, Dr. G.S.Gill & Dr. Naresh Tuli, Department of Geology, Punjab University, Chandigarh-160014. INTRODUCTION The pertrographical study of six samples provided by Satluj Vidyut Nigam Limited was carried out at the laboratory of Centre of Advanced Study in Geology. The report has been prepared as per requirements in consequent to the request received from Dy. Gen. Manager, SJVNL, Jhakri vide letter No.SJVNL/PERs/PEC/2003-134-135 dated July 21,2003.

MATERIAL AND METHODS The rock samples were collected by SJVNL from both the banks of Satluj river near Khab. The rock samples were taken from rocks in situ and are fresh. The thin sections were cut across the visible structures in the sample preparation lab. Five thin sections for each sample were prepared and were studied under Laborluse 12 POLs Microscope of Leitz, Germany.

GEOLOGY The area under study lies in the environs of confluence of Satluj Spiti rivers. It is oen of the difficult mountains terrains of Himachal Pradesh having high relief, snow clad peaks and U- shaped glacial valleys which at lower altitudes become fluvio-glacial carving a V-shaped channel in their flat base. Geologically the rocks of the area belong to lower Haimanta Formation which is delineated on the SW side by Sumdoh fault. The following is the stratigraphic sequence of the area: Tewari et al (1978) Matesediments Rakchham Granite Haimanta Group Kakar (1988) Low grade schists & slates. Gneisses grading into Kyanite, garnet schists

-------------------------- Sumdoh Fault ----------Coarse Psammitic Gneiss-800m 42


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Vaikrita Group

Maldi Gneiss Porphyroblastic Gneiss Mahbar Gneiss

Karacham Group

Gravitic Gneiss 500m Psammitic Gneiss 3500 m Graphitic Schist 500 m Rampur Quatzite 50 m

Haimanta Group The Rakchham Granite on its eastern extremity abuts against a sequence of grey gneisses, schists and phyllites along a fault designated as Sumdoh Fault which is still active (see Sharma, 1976). These rocks represent the basal part of the Haimanta Group and pass uninterrupted into the fossilifecous Haimantas (Sharma, 1976; Srikantia, 1981) in the Spiti area. Near the contact of Rakchham Granite the rocks exhibit high grade of metamorphism (Schist with Kyanite & staurolite etc.). Moving towards NE at Moorang, low grade schists, and arenaceous slates near Pooh are seen. The slates at places have preserved ripple marks and also exhibit excellent slaty cleavage (Kakar, 1988). At 2 km point upstream from Pooh, in the Satluj river section, small aplitic/granitic/pegmatitic veins and irregular sheets appear filling the weak planes of the country rocks. These continue up from the Satluj-Spiti confluence towards Spiti valley and become more pronounced giving rise to migmatitic type of rocks. In the samples which have been studied in this report, there was no migmatitic sample. These mixed rocks have been designated as injection migmatites (Kakar and Shreedhar, 1985).

PETROGRAPHY

The identification of the samples was carried out on the bases of hand specimen study followed by thin section study. The various samples studied may be grouped under three main rock type viz. Phyllite, Quartz-Mica-Schist and Quartzite as given below:

Sr. No. 1. 2.

Sample No. CEA PH-I CEA PH-II

Rock Type Phyllite Quartz-Mica Schist 43

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3. 4. 5. 6.

C.C. 3 A C.C.-3B CEA-K-II SJVNL PH-II

Quartzite.(Poorly foliated) Quartzite(schistose/foliated) Quartz-Mica Schist Phyllite

Details of description of rock types is as under:Quartzite Megascopically the rock is medium to fine grained, light grey to light yellow in colour and sub-schistose in nature. The foliation is marked by preferred orientation of biotite and muscovite flakes and quartz blebs. It is more pronounced in sample C.C.-3B, while it is poor in sample C.C. 3 A and imparts more compactness to the rock. From the engineering point of view, it is more hard than the sample C.C. 3B and suitable for tunnelling. On the other hand the former is more prone to seepage of water. The minerals present are quartz, biotite and feldspars.

Quartz Mica Schist In hand specimen the rock is medium-grained and in the thin section displays characteristic lapidoblastic texture. The rock mostly consists of Quartz and micas. The graines of quartz are xenoblastic and are arranged in linear pattern. The mica flakes show thin lamiae or sheets in which mica predominates over quartz. Both the varieties of mica i.e. muscovite and biotite are present, the former being present in bulk. Most of the flakes are medium-grained. Fine flakes fill the interstices between the quartz grains. Quartz is medium-grained occurring as xenoblastic grains or as blebs. Some of the grains show strain effects by wavy extinction. Most of the quartz grains show typical grey interference colour. Phyllite These rocks are find-grained as compared to the quartz-mica schist. They show well developed schistosity represented mainly by chlorite. Biotitic and muscovite form minor constituents. From stability point of view, this rock needs careful handling during engineering works because chlorite is a weak mineral. Both the rock types, phyllite and schist, are much weaker than the quartzite., These may be more suitable for tunnelling/drilling but have other effects of having planar structure which may be prone to water seepage and other related problems. Therefore, planning may accordingly be done as per engineering requirements. Explanation of Photomicrographs: 44
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1.

Sample No.- C.C. 3-A Rock- Quartzite Shown- Poor foliation Sample No. - C.C. 3-B Rock- Quartzite (Schistose) Shown- foliation Sample No.- CEA PH- II Rock- Quartzite-Mica Schist Shown- Lepidoblastic Sample No.- CEA PH-I Rock- Phylite Shown- Schistosity marked by Chlorite, Bioite and Muscovite. Poor foliation REFERENCES

2.

3.

4.

Kakar, Ramesh K. and Shreedhar, Satish K. 1985. A note on the Leo Pargial Migmatitic complex, Kinnaur District, HP, India Bull Ind. Govt. Assoc. 18(2), 141-144. Kakar, Ramesh K. 1988. Geology and tectonic setting of Central Crystalline rocks of southern part of Higher Himachal Himalaya. Jour. Geol. Soc India 31(2),243-250 Sharma, K.K. 1976. A contribution to the geology of Satluj Valley, Kinnaur Himachal Pradesh India. Collogues internationaux du. C.N.R.S., Paris, France. Ecologie et geolgie de Himalaya No. 268, 369-378. Srikantia. S.V. 1981. The lithostratigraphy, sedimentation and structure of ProterozoicPhanerozoic formations of Spiti basin in the Higher Himalaya of Himachal Pradesh, India. In: A.K.Sinha (Ed.) Contemporary geoscientific researches in Himalaya. Bishen Singh Mehenderpal Singh, Dehradun 31-48. Tewari, A.P, Gaur, R.K. and Aneta, S.S. (1978). A note on the geology of part of Kinnaur District, Himachal Pradesh. Him Geol. 8, 574-582. Consultant -sdProf. R.K. Kakar -sdDr. G.S. Gill -sdDr. Naresh Tuli

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CHAPTER V HYDROLOGY.

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CHAPTER -V HYDROLOGY

5. 5.1

SATLUJ BASIN INTRODUCTION Satluj river is one of the principal rivers of Himachal Pradesh and it divides the District Kinnaur into two parts. In its passage through distt. Kinnaur, the Satluj river crosses three more or less parallel mountain ranges viz. the Zaskar Mountain, the Great Himalayas and the Dhauladhar Ranges. Between three mountain ranges lie the subsidiary valleys of varying dimensions from the narrow glens and ravines to the sizeable valleys. The significant tributaries streams and rivers that flow into the Satluj river from south or along its left bank successively are the Tidong, Hogis, Gyamthing, Baspa, Duling, Sholding, Manglad etc. Likewise those entering from the north or its right bank are the Spiti River, Ropa, Kirang, Kashang, Pangi, Choling, Bhaba, Sorang, Kut and Ganwi Khud. In between there are many seasonal streams that meet the Satluj river and its tributaries.

5.2

CATCHMENT CHARACTERISTICS The geographical limits of the Satluj basin upto Bhakra Dam lie between latitude 30o N and 33oN and longitude 76oE and 83oE. It covers its area in Nari Korsam province of Tibet(China) and in Himachal Pradesh, State of India. The catchment area at Bhakra dam is about 56875 Sq.Km. out of which about 36900 Sq.Km. falls in Tibet and 19975 Sq. Km. in India. The basin represents some remarkable physical features. Below it stretch the loftiest mountain ranges of the world radiating from the Pamir Knof. The most southerly of these is the Himalayan range which is the loftiest and longest range in the world. The Himalayas which run first south-east-wards from the Pamir Knof and later in a easterly direction, constitute a massive mountain wall extending over 2500 Km with a varying width of 250 to 300 Km. Topographically and climatically the catchment has been divided into four categories as below:-

i)

Tibetan Plateau 48

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River Satluj rises in Tibetan Plateau in the region of the Mansrover Lake situated at an elevation of about 4570 m above mean sea level. There is absolutely no vegetation in this region. When the snow melts deep channels are formed on the surface. The river Satluj enters India near Shipkilla after traversing a length of about 320 Kms. in the Tibetan province of Nari Khorsam.

ii)

Spiti Valley

Spiti river is the biggest tributary of the river Satluj and joins river Satluj at Namgia(Khab), about 14 Kms U/S of Pooh. The characteristics of this catchment area are identical to that of the Tibetan Plateau. Rainfall in this area is scarce. Height of the catchment area drained by river Spiti is between 3048 m and 4570m. In this area, there is absolutely no vegetation. The melting snow forms deep flow channels.

iii)

Khab to Nathpa Dam site (Wangtu).

This catchment is bounded by moderately high hills with elevation of1525 m to 3048 m and has little rainfall but heavy snow. The snow line in this region is at 3048 m. The flows in the river are mainly due to snow melting which follows more or less a regular pattern. Due to the absence of rain, arid conditions prevail and the good forests seen below Wangtu are not existing in this area.

iv)

Nathpa dam site (Wangtu) to Bhakra dam

The catchment has high surrounding hills like Narkanda, Shimla(3050 m) etc. but is flanked by foot hills of Shiwaliks near Bhakra Dam (915 m). Rainfall in this area is moderate to heavy.

5.3

THE RIVER PROFILE River Satluj rises near Rakas-Tal lake which is fed by lake Mansrover at about 4570 m. above mean sea level. Between Rakas-Tal and Shipkilla, near the Indian border, the Satluj river takes a North-Westerly course for a length of about 320 km. in the Tibetan Province of Nari-Khorsam. The Satluj is joined by several tributaries in NariKhorsam such as Zhangchu, Drama Yankti, Chonak, Manglan Transu, Sumna, Trape etc. Immediately after entering the Indian territory near Shipkilla the river takes a southwesterly direction on it way to Bhakra gorge about 320 Km away after crossing which it 49

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emerges onto the plains of the Punjab. The Satluj crosses the Great Himalaya at a point where the range bifurcates. At Rampur, it crosses the Dhauladhar range through a series of successive Shiwalik ranges and the Naina Devi range, where the Bhakra Dam is situated, is the last of the series. The principal tributaries of the Satluj below Shipkila are the Spiti, Kashming, Baspa, Bhaba, Nogli, Korpan, Nauti, Sholding, Seer, Bharari, Ali and Ghamber Khad. The total catchment area of the Satluj above the Bhakra Dam site is about 56875 Sq.Km.(21960 Sq. miles) and above the Nathpa diversion site is about 49820 Sq.Km. (19235 Sq.miles). From Bhakra to Nathpa, 148 Km on a straight line and 193 Km by river, the drainage area is comparatively narrow with an average width of about 35 Km. This part of the catchment has an area of 7055 Sq.Km.(2725 Sq.miles). Above Nathpa the catchment is considerably wider than below it. The river Satluj drains an area of about 50880 Sq.Km.(19645 Sq.miles) at Rampur discharge site. The fall of Satluj from its source to the plains of India is very uniform, the height of the bed is about 4570 m near Raks-Tal, 915 m at Rampur, 416 m at Bilaspur and 350 m at the Bhakra dam site. The natural fall available in the river bed is being harnessed for power generation in a phased manner. About 189 m gross head is proposed to be utilized for hydro power generation in Khab-I Hydro Electric Project. The valley is narrow in the portion from Shipkilla to Pooh and from Thopan to Rampur. In the portion between Pooh to Thopan and Rampur to Bhakra the valley is comparatively wider. It is widest in the portion immediately upstream of Bhakra. The bed slope of river is flat from Shipkilla to Jangi Power House site for a distance of about 43 km which is of the order of 1 in 175. It becomes steep between Jangi PH site and Rampur, the slope being 1 in 87 and is again flatter from Rampur to Kol Dam site with a slope of 1 in 300. It is the flattest in the Bhakra reservoir area, the portion down stream of the Kol Dam, where the bed slope is 1 in 500.

5.4

HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL NETWORK The catchment in Tibet receives practically no rainfall and the flow is mostly contributed by snow. No meteorological data for this catchment is available for the present study. No precipitation observations are recorded in Spiti Valley. Observations at five precipitation stations i.e.Purbani, Kalpa, Kilba, Sangla and Nichar are being carried out in the catchment upto Nathpa dam. These observations, rainfall since long and snowfall introduced only recently, are being conducted in a conventional manner. There is no self recording rain-gauge/snow gauge in the catchment upto Nathpa 50

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dam. There are in all twenty rain-gauge stations in the catchment upto Bhakra dam as indicated in catchment area plan in Plate V-1. The existing network needs to be strengthened both in respect of establishing additional rain-gauges and snow gauges besides climatic observations. The present network density comes out to one raingauge for every 2584 Sq.Km. for the catchment from Shipkilla to Nathpa dam and 470 Sq.Km for the catchment from Nathpa dam to Bhakra dam. The WMO has recommended one raingauge for every 500 sq.km in plain areas and 150-250 sq.kms in hilly area. As terrain in the upper part of the catchment in India is difficult and inaccessible, establishing a network of automatic weather stations with radio link/satellite transmission to a central data processing station would need to be urgently considered.

To begin with 6No. stations can be installed and made functional. These 6 stations will be reporting the observed data values to the Central Receiving Station (CRS) on an hourly basis. The frequency of transmission of data should be user programmable. Upon receipt of the data at Central Station which will be installed at Shimla/Jhakri, the parameters reported by the network of stations shall then be processed for further analysis and will be used for issuing the flood warnings. Proposed location of these 6 stations shall be at Kaza, Khab, Rekong Peo/Pooh, Sangla, Wangtoo and Jhakri and are shown on the Satluj catchment map (Plate V-2). The above stations shall be equipped with Data Collection Units(DCU), hydro-meteorological sensors and Satellite Transmitters for collection land communication of data to the Central station. The INSAT satellite Data Relay Transponder (DRT) will be used as a medium for the data transmission and reception of hydro-meteorological parameters. We shall need to use SASE Earth Receiving station at Chandigarh for data reception. The primary objective of the proposed scheme is to have a reliable and expandable real time data acquisition system for the hydro-meteorological data and down loading of the same in a compatible format for further processing.

5.5

STREAM FLOW GAUGING 51

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There are river gauging stations on the Satluj river at Bhakra, Kasol, Suni, Rampur, Wangtu, Karcham, Thopan and Khab and on several of its tributaries namely the Spiti, Baspa, Bhaba, Sholding, Ghanvi, Seer, Sukar and Sarhali Khad etc. Gauge site has been established by HPSEB at Khab (where Spiti joins it). Discharge data at Khab is available for the last thirty one years w.e.f.1972. For the present study this observed discharge data has been considered because of long length of record and well established site. This data was submitted to CEA/CWC for vetting vide our letter No. SJVN:PFRS:Vol-II/2003-616-18 dated: 12/09/03. Director CWC Hydrology (N) Directorate vide letter No. 1/HP/17/2003/ Hyd-N/294 dated:22/10/03 pointed out some errors in this data while comparing this data (used for PFR of Khab-I & II) with that used for PFR of Jangi- Thopan submitted by HPSEB to CEA/CWC. It was suggested by CWC to reconcile the data & resubmitt the same. The reconciled data was resubmitted vide our even letter No. 877-79 dated: 3/11/03. The reconciled data submitted to CWC was found to be consistent with river flows at Rampur and was recommended for use for PFR studies of Khab I & Khab II as conveyed to SJVNL vide CEA letter No. 7/9 (SJVNL)/2003/HP&I/1301 dated: 12/11/03. This corrected G&D data is given in Annex V-1. The corresponding Annual runoff (June-May) are given in Annex V-2. The related correspondence with CWC is given in Appendix C.

5.6

DESIGN FLOOD The catchment areas of Satluj and Spiti at Khab site are 34,655 and 9480 Sq.km respectively as shown in Plate V-1. The maximum flows occur during JuneAugust resulting due to combined contribution of rainfall and snowmelt. A significant portion (about 84%) of the catchment lies in Tibet Territory. With such a large sized catchment where appreciable area is under snow cover and most of the catchment ungauged, using hydro-meteorological or rational approach becomes impractical. For these reasons, it has been considered more reasonable to use the observed discharge data of river in the vicinity of project site and adopt statistical methods of frequency distribution. Flood peak values for Satluj & Spiti rivers upstream of Khab are available from 1972 to 2000. The flood studies have been made through frequency analysis in the project area on the basis of these flood peak values. The flood frequency studies have been carried out as per guidelines given in Manual on Estimates of Design flood ( CWC Hydrology Studies Organisation 2001 ) 52

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Though the hourly discharge measurement are not readily available for Khab site or nearby site, the observed flood peak have been increased by 15% to make it instantaneous. The instantaneous flood peak computed from the observed flood peaks are given in Table V-I

Table V-I
Year Observed flood peak ( Cumecs ) Instantaneous flood peak ( Cumecs ) 53
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1
1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

2
703 1393 814 1239 810 1278 1111 1532 1089 1094 1217 1207 776 651 1142 782 896 731 901 1374 738 373 1084 467 1025 462 1155 1279 3044

3 (col. 2 x1.15 )
808 1602 936 1425 932 1470 1278 1762 1252 1258 1400 1388 892 749 1313 899 1030 841 1036 1580 849 429 1247 537 1179 531 1328 1471 3501

The statistical parameters of the series of 29 annual maxima have been computed and are given in Table V-2.

54
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Table V-2.

S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Description Mean Var St. dev Biasskew Biaskurt Skew kurt

x-stat 1204.2410 .3109E+06 557.5998 2.3157 11.0508 2.5760 13.7117

Lnx-stat 7.0094 .1709 .4134 .0220 4.1624 .0244 5.1646

5.6.1. TEST FOR OUTLIERS Analysis for checking whether some of the data of flood events in the given series are outliers is carried out as discussed below. As the skewness coefficient of logs transformed annual peak discharge series lies between 0.40 and + 0.40; the test for both the low outliers as well as high outliers are carried out as given below. Check for low outlier The low outlier threshold (XL) is computed by _ = X - KN S XL Where XL _ X S KN = = = = = Low outlier threshold Mean of the log transformed series = 7.0094 Standard deviation of the log transformed series = 0.4134

Outliers test K values of 10 percent significance level for a normal distribution 2.549 (for sample size of 29) 55

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XL QL

= = = =

7.0034-2.549x 0.4134 5.95 Antilog (5.95) 356 Cumecs

Since no value in series is below 386, hence no outlier is present in the series. Check for High Outlier The high outlier threshold (XH) is computed by _ XH = X+ Kn S Where the terms are defined above. XH QH = = = = 7.0094 + 2.549x 0.4134 8.063 Antilog (8.063) 3175 Cumecs The year 2000 flood (3501 cumecs) exceeds the value of high outlier (3175 cumecs ). The flood occurrence on the intervening night of 31st July 2000 and Ist August 2000 caused heavy damage to Infra Structural services like road, bridges and building all along river Satluj upto Bhakra dam reservoir. Nathpa Jhakri Project located about 100 Km downstream of proposed Khab dam site which was under construction at that time suffered major losses including flooding of power house. Number of bridges at NJHEP were washed away and project roads were badly damaged. In view of this extreme occurrence, the high outlier has not been deleted from data and frequency analysis has been carried out on full series.

5.6.2. PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION For estimating the Probability of different values of the annual flood peaks commonly used Weibull formula has been used. Ranking of the data and the Plotting position is 56
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given below in Table V-3.

Table V-3 ( RANKING OF DATA & PLOTTING POSITIONS )


plotting position Value of (percent) Rank ln(x) according to: WEIBULL 8.1608 7.47421 7.37901 7.36518 7.2937 7.29302 7.26193 7.24423 7.23562 7.19143 7.18007 7.15305 7.13728 7.1325 7.1285 3.3333 6.6667 10 13.3333 16.6667 20 23.3333 26.6667 30 33.3333 36.6667 40 43.3333 46.6667 50 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 plotting position Value of (percent) ln(x) according to: WEIBULL 7.07242 6.94312 6.93731 6.84162 6.83733 6.80128 6.79347 6.74406 6.73459 6.69456 6.61874 6.286 6.27476 6.06146 53.3333 56.6667 60 63.3333 66.6667 70 73.3333 76.6667 80 83.3333 86.6667 90 93.3333 96.6667

Rank

Value of x

Value of x

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

3501 1762 1602 1580 1471 1470 1425 1400 1388 1328 1313 1278 1258 1252 1247

1179 1036 1030 936 932 899 892 849 841 808 749 537 531 429

5.6.3. CHOICE OF FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION Based on sample statistics given above the following frequency distributions have been considered for frequency analysis : 1. 2. 3. 4. 2P Log Normal (LN II) 3P Log Normal (LN III) Gumbel EVI Pearson Type III Distribution

The following methods have been used for estimation of the parameters. 57
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1 2

Method of Moments Method of maximum likelihood

(MOM) (MML)

For evaluating the suitability of different distribution to the data series and for making the choice of the most suitable probability distribution for the estimation of the design flood of different return periods, the chi-square test has been used. The comparison of frequency distributions is given in Table V-4.

Table V-4.
S No Distributation Mean 1 2 3 4 LN-II LN-III EVI P-III 7.0094 7.0094 1204 1204 SD 0.4134 0.4134 557.6 557.6 Skewness Kurtosis 0.0244 0.0244 2.576 2.576 5.16 5.16 13.7 13.7 Chi-Square MOM MML 10.14 10.14 10.5 14.96 7.37 6.34 -

Keeping in view the Chi-square values for various distributions, the comparison of the probabilities of computed values as per the different distributions and that of the observed data it is recommended to use LN-II & EVI distributions for the purpose of the estimation of the design flood of different return periods.

5.6.4. FLOOD VALUE V/S RETURN PERIOD. Floods corresponding to different return period have been computed by using LN II, LN III & EVI distributions and the same for return period of 1000 & 10,000 years are given in Table V-5. 58
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Table V-5.

S No Distribution 1 2 3 LN-II LN-III EVI

1000 Yr. Flood (Cumecs) MOM MML 4266 4266 5086 5448 3956 3617

10,000 Yr. Flood (Cumecs) MOM MML 5629 5629 7444 7670 4958 4495

Return period & Estimated value of XT given by MOM and MML for LN II is given below in Table V6.

Table V6.
S No. Return Period -T ( Years ) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1.0101 1.02564 1.05263 1.11111 1.25 2 5 10 20 25 50 100 1000 2000 5000 10000 Estimated value -XT ( Cumecs ) 391.935 460.644 529.263 621.185 754.105 1092.781 1583.561 1922.407 2256.29 2364.057 2701.899 3046.852 4266.606 4660.381 5201.956 5629.033

5.6.5

CONCLUSION The goodness of fit test shows that for the LN-II and Gumbel distribution the plot is near straight line and the estimate of design floods should be based on these two distributions. A value of 5600 cumecs given by LN-II as 10,000 years flood has been considered for the design of structures of Khab-I & Khab-II HEPs at PFR stage of the projects. However the frequency analysis and design flood would need review at DPR 59

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stage as more data becomes available.

5.6.5

COMMENTS OF CWC ON HYDROLOGY The comments of CWC on design flood sent vide CEA letter NO. HP&I/1301 dated 12.11.2003 and even No. 236 dated 09.02.2004 (copy placed in Appendix-C) have in general been attempted in this chapter. However collection of more data, assessment of yearly instantaneous peaks (observed or computed or transferred from nearby station), review of frequency analysis and design flood shall be done at the DPR stage.

5.7

SEDIMENTATION ASPECTS Satluj and Spiti both carry lot of sediments during Monsoon period. As, the Khab-I Hydro Electric project has been envisaged as run of the river scheme, no specific provision for dead storage has been made as although the reservoir shall get filled upto crest level of sluices during initial years of operation, the entire capacity above the sluice level shall be available with regular flushing of silt through these low level slucies. The five sluices have however been kept in the main dam body in the central blocks. During monsoon, the sluices shall be either kept open or shall be intermittently opened to flush the silt accumulated in the reservoir u/s of dam to help maintain the river bed profile upto crest level of sluices. The sediment upto 0.2 mm size entering into the intake shall be excluded in desilting chamber so that clean water is fed to the power house to minimize abrasion of civil as well hydro mechanical installation coming in contact with flowing water. The catchment is proposed to be treated, to the extent possible, by planting trees or otherwise to minimize the soil erosion so that the silt load in the river is reduced. These aspects shall however be examined in detail during investigation for DPR & shall be covered in the DPR.

60
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CHAPTER VI CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT AND PLANNING

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

CHAPTER -VI

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CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT AND PLANNING


GENERAL
The Khab-I Hydroelectric project, located in district Kinnaur of H.P., is a run-of-river type development, proposed to harness hydel potential of the upper reaches of the river Satluj. This project envisages construction of about 69 m high concrete gravity dam above the assumed deepest foundation level on the river Satluj, 310 m d/s of village Khab in Kinnaur District, for diversion of a design discharge of 367.5 cumecs through three intakes and underground desilting arrangement into a 8.4 Km long, 9 m diameter circular concrete lined head race tunnel aligned on the right bank of river Satluj. The tunnel terminates in a 30 m diameter, 82.5m high restricted orifice type surge tank. The waters from the surge tank shall be further conveyed through 6.76 m dia, 328 m long pressure shaft to feed three generating units in an underground power house located d/s of village Pooh in Kinnaur district. A gross head of about 189 m available at the power station shall be utilized to generate 450 MW (3x150 MW) of power.

MAIN COMPONENTS OF THE PROJECT


1 CIVIL WORKS The layout plan, L-section & other details of project components are given in Drg. No.KB-I-PFR-2 to 10 & design computations are given in Appendix -A. A brief on the components of the project is given as under:a) River Diversion Works For the construction of the dam and appurtenant works, the river diversion is proposed to be done through a tunnel approximately 8m dia, D-shaped 500m (approx.) long, located on the left bank, capable of carrying non-monsoon flood of about 250 cumecs. Partly constructed works of the concrete dam on the left bank and in the river portion shall be allowed to be over topped during monsoon period. Coffer dams shall be constructed up-stream and down-stream of the dam axis at the starting and end points of the diversion tunnel every year after the monsoons.

b)

Diversion Dam
It has been proposed to construct a straight gravity type concrete dam, 69 67

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m high above the assumed deepest foundation level, 310 m d/s of confluence (Khab) to divert 367.5 cumecs of discharge. Out of this discharge, 73.5 cumecs is meant for flushing of sediments through the desilting arrangement. The foundations of the dam shall be placed on sound rock. The length of the dam at top shall be 167 m +. Flood of 5568 cumecs which corresponds to 10000 years frequency shall be passed through five bays each of 6.5mx8.5m clear opening controlled by five radial gates provided in central 5 blocks of the dam. These openings shall also function as river sluices for washing of heavier river bed load during monsoon. The crest of sluice sill shall be at El.2550.50 m & it will have an Ogee shaped profile. The full reservoir level and the minimum drawdown level will be at EL.2592 m and 2568.0 m respectively. The live storage afforded by the dam would be 36.38 Mm3. The water spread of the reservoir does not involve any rehabilitation problem as the area submerged is barren land without any habitation. A skijump type energy dissipation arrangement has been proposed. Road at the top of the dam shall be at El.2597 m. c) Intake Structure The intake structure comprising three intakes, proposed on the right bank of river has been designed to handle a discharge of 367.5 cumecs. A bell mouth transition has been given at the entrance of Intake to ensure smooth entry of water. A trash rack structure with reinforced concrete piers has been proposed for each intake. The rectangular gate opening (6 x 5.25m) at the start of the intake is changed to 6m dia. Horse shoe section by giving a suitable transition. The 6m dia. Horse shoe tunnel shall lead the water into the desilting chambers which shall be controlled by the gates provided.

d)

Desilting Arrangement An underground desilting arrangement has been proposed on the right bank of river to exclude silt particles down to 0.2 mm size from the water before it enters the head race tunnel. The arrangement comprises three parallel chambers each 475 m long, 27.5m high (including hopper portion) and 16 m wide. Rock bolts, 6 m long and 1.5 m c/c(staggered) shall be provided in the roof and sides of the chambers. Each chamber shall have a 3 m wide collection trench in the center and the hopper portion of the chamber slopes towards this trench. While the base of the collection trench shall have a longitudinal slope of 1 in 200 towards downstream, the top of chamber shall slope 1 in 600 towards upstream. The sediments from the collection trench will flow down to the flushing conduits below this trench, and ultimately get flushed out to the river through main flushing tunnel. Bonnet type gates will be provided in gate chambers down stream of desilting chambers to regulate flow from the silt flushing conduits into the main flushing 68

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tunnel. Provision has also been made for a gate-cum-ventilation gallery for operation of stoplog gates to close any one of the three desilting chambers for repairs.

e)

Head Race Tunnel The head race tunnel, from the junction point at link tunnels from desilting chambers to the main surge tank, is 8.4+ km. long and 9 m diameter circular in section. The tunnel diameter is based on limiting velocity of 5m/sec. and also that the tunnel dia is kept less than 10 m. For discharge of 294 cumecs the flow velocity has been kept as 4.62 m/sec. The head race tunnel shall be concrete lined with sections fully supported with rock bolting. Steel ribs shall be used where required by geological considerations. Three adits namely Inlet(one face), Outlet(one face) & one intermediate(two faces ) would be provided along the alignment of the tunnel to facilitate construction from four working faces so that average reach to be covered from each face is about 2+ Km.

f)

Surge Tank The restricted orifice type surge tank , located at the intake of the pressure shaft at 8.4 + Km from the 0 RD of head race tunnel will be 30 m dia and 82.5m high. It shall be connected to the HRT with 5 m high 4.25m dia communicating shaft. 7.5 m Dshaped adits are proposed to approach the bottom and top of the surge tank to facilitate construction.

g)

Valve House Provision has been made for emergency valve d/s of surge tank to close the pressure shaft for maintenance and repairs whenever required. One Butterfly valve shall be housed in an underground valve house of size 24 m x 9.5 m x 16m(H).

h)

Pressure Shaft One pressure shaft, each 328 m long and 6.76 m dia would take off from the surge tank. This would be lined with high tensile steel corresponding to ASTM-A517/537 varying in thickness from 20 mm near the pressure shaft intake to 40 mm at the power house end. The shaft will trifurcate into branches of 3.9 m dia, 29m/35m long, near the power house to feed the three generating units proposed. A spherical valve has been provided in each shaft branch to enable closing of water flow whenever required. The lower portion of the shaft shall be executed through an adit taking off from the tail race. 69

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i)

Power House, Transformer hall & Switchyard An underground power house of internal dimensions 63.50(m) length x 20.02 m wide and 51 m high would be located d/s of village Phoo. The power house will have an arched roof with shotcrete/concrete lining and shall house three generating units, each of 150 MW capacity. The main inlet valves are also housed in power house cavern. The transformer hall and underground switch yard are located in a cavern downstream of the power house cavern. The size of the cavern is 64.55 m x 16.5m x 26 m. Rock bolting at suitable spacing will be provided in these caverns. Two(overhead) cranes each of about 175/30 T capacity with crane girders at either end will be provided in the main power house cavity. The generator floor and the service bay floor would be at the same level. Provision has also been made for auxiliary rooms and other service facilities at one end of the power house. Two utility tunnels taking off from the tail race tunnel shall be provided to approach the bottom portion of the power house.

j)

Approach Tunnel to Power House The approach tunnel to the power house will be about 250 m long 8 m dia D-shaped and 10 m high.

k)

Tail Race Tunnel. The tail race tunnel with 9 m D-shaped section, 318 m long will be provided to carry the discharge from three draft tube tunnels emanating from the power house. The tail race shall cross the river bed and opens up on left bank of river. The water from the tail race shall be discharged in Tail race outfall/Khab-II intake arrangement. The water shall be discharged into the river by outfall arrangement when not required for Khab-II HEP. Outfall The water coming out from Khab-I power plant shall either be released to river Satluj or to Khab-II Hydro-electric project(201 MW) which shall be a tail race development of Khab-I hydro-electric project. The two power plants shall work in tendem operation. The TRT outfall is proposed as an open structure at the end of Tail race tunnel. The outlet channel starts from the TRT portal & slopes upward. At the end 70

l)

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of the channel 6 m wide crest is provided with d/s glacis to lead the water to river Satluj. The flow of water into the river is regulated by gates provided on crest of the weir. The gated structure consists of four waterways 7.0m wide on which gates are provided. The gates shall also be operated in such a way that water from river side does not enter into the outfall structure.

m)

Khab-II Intake An intake is provided in the outfall structure for the Khab-II hydro-electric project, to use the tail water of Khab-I hydroelectric project. The intake is a gated structure with three waterways 5.25m (h) x 6m (w) on which gates are provided. The water is then lead to 9 m dia HRT of Khab-II through a transition.

ELECTRO MECHANICAL WORKS GENERAL


Khab-I Hydel Project shall utilize a net head of 170 meter to generate 450 MW power from under ground Power House situated downstream of village Pooh. The 71

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project shall utilize waters of the Satluj river with a design discharge of 294 cumecs. The main parameters on the basis of which Electro-Mechanical works have been designed are as under:

Design discharge Net Head Installed capacity No. and size of units Type of Power House

294 cumecs 170 m 450 MW 3 units of 150 MW each with 15% over load capacity Underground

The layout of electrical & mechanical equipment is indicated in Drg. No. SJVN(E)/490 to SJVN(E)/493.

POWER HOUSE & AUXILIARIES: The power house site is located on the right bank of the Satluj river and is approachable from Kalka (nearest broad gauge Railway Station) by road (NH-22). The underground power house will have 3 generating units of 150 MW each along with all the auxiliary facilities such as cooling water, potable water supply system, fire protection system, compressed air supply, oil system, ventilation and air conditioning system etc. The control room, LT room, battery room, air conditioning plant, offices, cable spreading area will be accommodated in different floors on one end of machine hall. The service bay shall be located on the opposite end of the machine hall. The lubricating oil handling plant, the water treatment and filtration plant, stores etc. will be located on the floors below control room block. The generator transformers will be located in a separate cavity down stream of the power house and will be connected to generating units through 11 KV bus ducts routed through in a bus duct tunnel. On a floor just above the transformers, 400 kV GIS equipment shall be accommodated.

2.1.

MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT 72

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a)

Turbines: The vertical shaft, Francis turbine of 150 MW capacity with a rated synchronous speed of 250 rpm has been found to be suitable in view of the over all economy of the power house. Due to constraints on the width of underground power house, which should not exceed 20 meter, higher speed has been adopted which has resulted in a suction head of 9.50 meter below the minimum tail water level. However, a suction head of 9.50 meter is not expected to pose any problems as the power house is proposed to be underground one. Each turbine shall be provided with suitable oil pressure unit, Electro hydraulic governor and other requisite control equipment.

b)

Governor: Since Khab-I power house will be connected with Khab-II 400KV sub station and shall also other downstream HEP to be operated as peaking station in tandem with other project(s), it is very important that the governor accuracy and sensitivity is of high order so as to ensure that all the governors behave in the same way for any change in the system load. Thus to avoid mutual hunting and over regulation, it is proposed to provide Electro Hydraulic governor. The governing system for each unit will have an individual oil pressure system consisting of piston type accumulator and an oil tank with two pumps as well as the automatic control equipment. Speed etc. would be indicated both on the governor cubicle and on the unit control board to facilitate supervision of operation of the unit. The control would include provision for emergency shut down of unit in case of:-

a) Loss of Pressure in the oil pressure vessel of Governor oil system. b) Excessive temperature rise in Bearing. c) Excessive speed rise of the unit. d) Electrical faults.

c)

Main Inlet valves A spherical type main inlet valve would be provided at each turbine inlet for maintenance of the turbine and for emergency isolation of the turbine in the event of governor failure. Each valve shall be actuated by means of servomotor, which shall be fed from an independent oil pressure unit. 73

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Each valve unit shall constitute a complete independent unit with its own operating system for opening and closing, which will be connected to the automatic start and stop sequence of the respective turbine unit.

d)

Cooling Water and Fire Protection System A pumping system would be provided to supply adequate quantity of water from the tail race for cooling of the turbine and generator bearings, generator air coolers and selected plant services. Water for fire protection would be taken from an elevated reservoir providing both reliable operation and ample capacity to fight fire in the power house. Make up water for fire fighting shall be taken either from tail water by pumping or from nearby source by gravity, this shall be finalized during detailed system design.

e)

Potable Water and Sanitary Drainage: Water from the cooling water system would either also be used to supply the plants potable and sanitary water needs. The potable water would be filtered and chemically treated as required. Sanitary sewerage would be treated in a septic system before discharge in to tail race of power plant or from nearby source by gravity, this shall be finalized during detailed system design.

f)

Drainage and Dewatering system: A separate drainage and dewatering system with suitable number of pumps would be provided to drain and pump out miscellaneous inflows and ground water seepage in the power house. Starting and stopping of the pumps would be automatic and controlled by level switches in the drainage sump.

g)

Compressed Air System: A high pressure compressed air plant would be installed to meet the requirements for brake of generator and for lifting rotor during starting. A low pressure compressed air plant would also be installed to meet the requirement of the station pneumatic tools and other general purpose in the power house. 74

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h)

Oil System: A portable centrifuging unit comprising of filters, tank etc. would be provided in the power station for the treatment of governor/bearings and switch gear oils. A portable dehydration plant for transformer oil comprising of oil heaters, filters, tank etc. is also provided.

i)

Ventilation and air Conditioning: Power house would be provided with ventilation system as required for the underground power house work areas and offices. An air conditioning system would be provided to maintain the control room at the selected design temperature and humidity levels. The temperature and humidity level would be selected to suit the requirements of equipment and staff.

j)

Power House Crane: In order to expedite the completion of various construction activities of the power house, 2 Nos. electric over head travelling bridge crane with suitable capacity (of 175/30 Ton), would be installed in the power house primarily for erection, maintenance and repair of the generating units. The cranes would be equipped with motor control system providing suitable procedure for equipment erection.

h)

Butterfly Valve Butterfly Valve with flow guide type and with slide type gate would be provided on the down stream of surge shaft as guard valve for penstock and as additional safety device for power house.

2.2
a)

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
Generator Each generator shall be of vertical shaft, salient pole type, Synchronous generator directly coupled to the hydro turbine and having a rated out put of 166.66 MVA with 15% over loading capacity with 0.9 lag power factor. The generator bearing arrangement shall be of conventional type i.e. suspended type. It is proposed to equip the 75

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generators with dynamic braking in addition to the friction brakes. The generator shall have class-F insulation in line with modern practice and temperature restricted to class-B insulation. The generator will be air cooled with a closed ventilation system using air water heat exchanger placed around the stator frame. The generators are proposed to be equipped with the following electrical protection equipment:a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) b) High speed differential protection for generator. Generator Over Voltage protection. Back up over current protection. Stator earth fault protection. Negative phase sequence current protection. Rotor field circuit earth fault protection. Loss of excitation schemes. Generator thermal protection. Phase balance relay.

Excitation System: The excitation system of the generator will be of static type and will include static type voltage regulator of latest design, field suppression equipment and the associated accessories. The power for the excitation system will be taken from the generator main bus by means of a dry type or epoxy encased step down transformer. The excitation system will be self contained requiring only an external power source for field flashing at unit starting. The field flashing supply will be taken from the station battery. The excitation system including the voltage regulator will be placed in the cubicles adjacent to the generator pit.

c)

Generator Switch gear and Connecting Cables: Each generator shall be connected to its step up transformer by means of 11kV bus ducts. Current transformers required for protection, control and metering will be located and form part of the bus ducts assemblies. The low generator switch gear i.e. Lightening Arrestor Voltage Transformer, shorting link cubical, Unit Auxiliary Transformer will be of the metal 76

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enclosed type placed in a separate room close to the generator.The equipment for the generator neutral side will be placed in a cubicle adjacent to the generator pit. d) Generator Transformers: 10 Nos. generator transformers of 65 MVA, 11/400/3kV, single phase, 50 Hz rating will be provided and placed in a separate underground cavity downstream of the power house cavity. The OFWF type of cooling is proposed for generator transformer. e) Control and Monitoring Equipment: The Power House will be designed to be operated as an attended type with three levels of control:a) From control cubicles of each element to be housed at floors. b) From unit control board. c) From central control room. From unit control and central control room, complete automatic control is achieved through programmable logic controller. The control equipment will also include the V-sat and Telecommunication equipment required for the transmission lines. For real time monitoring by Northern Regional Load Dispatch Center or State Load Dispatch Center necessary provision of RTUs shall also be made. f) Station Service/Auxiliary Supply: The station service supply is proposed to be taken through 22kV Local Distribution System. In addition, for reliability, 750 kVA DG sets shall also be provided for black start capability. The unit auxiliaries shall be fed through 11/0.415 kV, 630 kVA transformers connected to each generator. The auxiliaries can also be fed from 2 Nos., 22/0.415kV, 1 MVA station auxiliary transformers, which shall be connected to 22kV local grid supply. Power Plant Grounding The power station will be provided with a complete earthing system. All exposed conductive parts and equipment in the power house and switchyard will be connected to the grounding system. The grounding system will be designed to minimize the Step and Touch potentials within acceptable limits.

g)

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h)

Lighting Following normal practice, the power plant lighting, will comprise of interior and exterior lights as appropriate. While the majority of the illuminaries will be AC powered, emergency lighting will be DC supplied from station battery system. The emergency lighting will be provided only for essential locations e.g. control room, exits etc.

i)

Switchyard and Switching Scheme The project is proposed to be interfaced with the 400kV Switchyard of PGCIL near Karcham Wangtoo power house. The evacuation arrangement is as per the recommendations of PGCIL made in the master plan for evacuation of power from various HEPs likely to come up in HP. On river Satluj, up stream of Shongtong-Karcham HEP, a number of projects with an aggregate generating capacity of about 2800 MW have been identified. Though actual generating potential shall be determined after detailed investigations are over. These projects shall run in tandem i.e. each project shall be dependent on its immediate up stream project for generation. Since the generation is in tandem mode and the sufficient transmission corridor is not available for laying individual transmission lines to the grid, the evacuation of power from these projects shall also be in serial mode i.e. each project shall feed its power to the its immediate down stream projects. In order to evacuate this large chunk of power beyond Khab-I, ample margin in the 400kV Switchgear at Khab-I has been kept which is capable of handling the power likely to be injected in to Khab-I after the commissioning of up stream power projects. Due to space constraints, 400 Gas Insulated Switchgear has been proposed and shall be housed on a floor located just above the transformers in the transformer cavern. Single breaker double bus bar arrangement has been proposed after giving due consideration to its reliability, stability, easy maintenance and accessibility. The GIS switch yard has 3 generator transformer bays, one bus coupler bay, and two feeder bays. In addition provision for extra length of 400kV GIS bus bar along with 2 Nos. feeder modules has also been kept to handle the power likely to be injected by other projects. It is proposed to extend the 400 bus bar up to pot head yard where outgoing feeder shall be installed. Space provision for additional two number circuits shall also be made for connectivity with other nearby project.

2.3

TRANSMISSION OF POWER
It is proposed to evacuate the power generated at Khab-I project by laying a 20 km long, 400 kV D/C line with Double Snowbird ACSR conductor up to 400 kV GIS sub station of Khab-II. Therefore, it will be connected to other HEPs downstream of Khab-II namely Jangi-Thopan, Thopan Powari etc. ultimately having connection with pooling point near Karcham Wangtoo through 400kV D/C line with triple Snowbird conductor as proposed in Shongtong-Karcham HEP. The proposed power evacuation 78

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system is however under review as suggested by CEA in view of the many upcoming Hydro-Electric Projects of different capacities in this area. The evacuation system for the Satluj basin in totality is being planned by HPSEB. This aspect is discussed in Chapter VIII under para 8.3 Comments of CEA on Transmission system

ESTABLISHMENT:
The electrical works of the project are proposed to be completed with in 5 years time. Accordingly, the provision of regular establishment required for to do electrical works in this time frame has been made in the estimate. The design procurement, inspection, erection and commissioning supervision of electrical works of the project shall be done departmentally. The provision of staff has been made as per the norms. The regular establishment has been limited to 6% under P-production and 7.5% under T-transmission works.

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CHAPTER VII POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES.

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CHAPTER-VII POWER POTENTIAL STUDIES

7.0

GENERAL Khab-I Hydel Project has been conceived as run of river development for generation of hydropower. The project consists of construction of a diversion dam downstream of Khab, the confluence of Spiti and Satluj rivers. The waters so diverted shall pass through an underground desilting chamber, head race tunnel and pressure shaft to an underground power house d/s of village Pooh on the right bank of Satluj river. The power house shall have three units of 150 MW each driven by Francis turbine.

7.1

INSUFFICIENT STORAGE FOR STORAGE SCHEME For Khab-I Hydro Electric Project, a dam of about 69 m height above the assumed deepest foundation level is proposed to divert the water of Satluj river into water conductor system generate 450 MW with 189 m gross head in an underground power house. The CEA, as per the ranking study fixed 1640 MW as the installed capacity of Khab-I, which calls for a very high dam. However, Storage scheme requiring dam higher than 69 m above assumed deepest foundation level with FRL at EL 2592m for Khab-I may not be feasible because of the following reasons:i) The river slopes above Khab, both for Satluj & Spiti are of the order of 1 in 167 and Tibet border is just about 10 Km u/s of Khab. The submergence of water for a dam of 69m would touch the International border. Any dam higher than 69 m shall submerge the Tibetian land. The bed slope of 1 in 167 has been taken from the Lsection of river Satluj as contained in DPR of Nathpa Jhakri Project(copy of plate 2.4 of DPR of NJP enclosed as Annex-VII-I). Total approximate storage capacity for a dam of 69 m height works out as 44.54 Mm3 (for Spiti & Satluj combined) as per Annex-VII-2. Out of this, Live storage that could be used for generation is 36.38 Mm3 (Annex-VII-3). For 450 MW Project, discharge required shall be 367.5 cumecs including 73.5 cumecs for flushing of silt & this total Live storage shall be depleted in about 27 hrs. This live storage provided is equivalent to about 12150 MW-h. The storage could therefore be utilized only for diurnal peaking and the dam height would enable build up the head for power generation. The project shall operate as peaking station during lean 80

ii)

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flow period as discussed under para 7.7. Khab-I scheme would thus basically function as run of the river scheme.

The contours of the area are not available. The Survey of India maps required for Khab-I & Khab-II projects are categorized as Restricted/secret maps as the project areas are bordering Tibet. Ministry of Defence was accordingly approached during July,2003 for requisite permission for the procurement of these maps from SOI. MOD conveyed the necessary permission vide their office memorandum No.17(18)/2003/D(GS-III) dated 4.9.03. SOI, Dehradun was accordingly approached for the supply of these maps but they have informed vide their B.D.Invoice dated 22.9.03 that 4 out of the six maps requisitioned by us are not available. These four maps relate to Khab-I project areas. The above details of storage capacity have therefore been worked out on the basis of field visits & limited survey carried out at site. River X-section at dam site (Annex-VII-4) and L-section of river from DPR of NJP mentioned above have been used for the present study for working out preliminary storage capacity of Khab-I. Summary record of discussion of meeting taken by CE, HP& I., CEA with SJVNL on 06.11.2003 regarding power potential studies and conceptual planning of the project is given at Appendix C.

7.2

WATER AVAILABILITY Ten daily discharges at Khab site being maintained by HPSEB are available for a period of 31 years from 1972 to 2002. The 10 daily discharge data series for 31 years as vetted by Hydrology (N) Directorate of CWC for use in PFR studies of Khab I & Khab II HEPs are given in Annex V-1. The corresponding Annual runoff ( June- May) are given in Annex V-2. it would be such that the water available in 90% dependable year is sufficient for developing 450 MW of capacity by diverting a flow of 294 cumecs through water conductor system under a gross head of 189m.

7.2.1

Energy in 90% and 50% dependable years For computation of energy in 90% dependable and 50% mean year, the energy corresponding to 10 daily discharges has been computed (Annex-VII-5) Total energy for the hydrological year (June-May) have been arranged in descending order of magnitude and execeedence probability computed by using Weibull's plotting position formula p= (n/m+1) as given in Annex-VII-6. It is observed that year 1997-98 with an 81

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exceedence probability of 90.32 % can be used as 90 % dependable year and similarly 1974-75 with an excedence probablity of 51.61% has been taken as 50 % mean year.

7.3

FULL RESERVOIR LEVEL (FRL) & DAM HEIGHT Full reservoir level (FRL) As mentioned in the preceding paras, the pondage corresponding to FRL of 2592 m shall touch the international boundary, hence a 69m dam with FRL as 2592m has been proposed, thus utilizing nearly the total head of river Satluj from its entry into Indian Territory to Khab site. Any dam lower than this would not utilize the full head of Satluj from Indian Territory to Khab and dam higher than the proposed one would submerge the Tibetan land. Dam height The river bed at dam site is at EL 2544m and the sound rock suitable for dam foundation is expected about 16m below river bed. Thus a dam of 69m as per details given below is proposed for diversion of Satluj river: - Deepest foundation level - River bed elevation - Full reservoir level - Top of dam/road level - Dam height =2597-2528 = 2528m = 2544m = 2592m = 2597m = 69m

7.4

TAIL WATER LEVEL (TWL) Geologically good site is available for locating Power House about 3-4 Km. down stream of Pooh village. The water level of 2403m corresponds to a flow of about 600 cumecs (Refer G&D curve at Power House site, Annex D-3 under Appendix A) . One year return period flood is also about 600 cumecs ( LN II frequency distribution Ref. Para 5.6 ). The bed of river near Power House is at 2399 m & water depth at discharge of 600 cumecs shall be about 4m. The full discharge through machines has been kept as 294 cumecs which shall be available during monsoon 82

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period when the water level in river shall be around 2403m . Thus the TWL has been kept as 2403m as also discussed under Appendix A. This level shall be maintained by providing a suitable gated sill in outfall / Intake of Khab II HEP arrangement.

7.5

MINIMUM DRAW DOWN LEVEL The river bed at dam site is at El 2544m. The sluices in dam body have been kept at El 2550.50m for flushing the bed material deposited u/s of dam during high flow season. The Khab-I HEP is a run of river scheme and no separate provision for dead storage has been made. The sill level of sluices is kept 6.5m above the river bed level so that flip buckets are kept clear of tail water. To avoid the bed load from entering into the intake, the intake sill level is kept at 2555.00m i.e. 4.5m above the sill level of sluices. 3 Nos intake tunnels of 6m horse shoe type with bell mouth are proposed for drawing water. To avoid vortex formation in front of the intake, the minimum draw down level (MDDL) is fixed as 2568m.,as discussed under Appendix -A:

7.6

DESIGN HEAD The gross head has been considered corresponding to FRL as 2592 m & Tail Water level as 2403m. The minimum draw down level has been kept as 2568 m. For preliminary studies the design head for the turbines has been taken as 170 mtrs. Maximum water level at intake Tail water level Gross head Min. Tail Water Head Losses in water conductor at 294 cumecs. Net head/Design head = EL 2592 m = EL 2403 m = 189 m = 2399m = 19 m = 170 m (refer Appendix A)

The design head of 170 m is well within the range permitted for Francis type turbine from cost and efficiency considerations.

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7.7

INSTALLED CAPACITY & DESIGN DISCHARGE The unrestricted generation (Net head = 170m & overall efficiency=0.92) corresponding to 10 daily discharges observed at Khab have been given in Annex- VII-5. The annual generation arranged in descending order alongwith annual inflows is given in Annex-VII-6. The year 1974-75 with annual generation as 2979MU & annual flow as 7138 Mcum works out as 50% dependable year. The year 1997-98 with annual generation as 1833MU & annual discharge as 4413 Mcum works out as 90% dependable year. Generation in 50% dependable year is given in Annex VII-7. The ten daily flows in 90% dependable year & corresponding unrestricted potential (MW) & utilized potential (MW) & generation (MU) (restricted to 450MW of installation) is given in Annex-VII-8. The 450MW installation operates on an average annual load factor of 39.34% in 90% dependable year Annex-VII-8. The project shall operate on an average load factor of 75.34% during monsoon period (May September) in 90% dependable year (Annex-VII-9). The average load factor for lean period in 90% dependable year however works out as 13.36% (Annex -VII-10). Incremental increase in installed capacity in an increment of 50MW has been given in Annex VII-11. The 450MW installed capacity is proposed for Khab-I on the basis of operating load factors mentioned above & the pondage provided for peaking during lean period flows. The water conductor system shall be designed for discharge of 294 cumecs which is capable of generating 450MW under a net head of 170m with overall efficiency of 0.92. The plant shall operate as a peaking station during lean period ( Oct April ) for which sufficient live storage capacity has been provided in the reservoir. The average peaking during lean period in 90% dependable year shall be of 3 hours duration. The maximum and minimum Peaking in 90% dependable year shall be 5.47 & 1.79 hours respectively as given in Annex VII-10.

7.8 FLOW DURATION CURVE Flow duration curve for Khab-I has been established from the ten daily discharge data at Khab for 90% dependable discharge and is shown in Annex-VII12. From this curve the discharge prevalent and exceeding 90 % of time has been computed as 27.53Cumecs while discharge prevalent and exceeding 50 % of time has been computed as 54.09Cumecs. The design discharge of 294 cumecs is available for 20.15% of time.

7.9

UNIT SIZE

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The unit size has been selected after due consideration of the following factors: a) The installed capacity should be delivered by units of same capacity to minimise costs and reduce the spare parts and special tools required for operation and maintenance. The units should be as large as possible to obtain the benefits of scale. The penstocks, turbines and generators should not be so large that their components cannot be transported and assembled at site. The Francis turbines should not be so large that they have to run at low efficiencies for long period of time. A unit size of 150MW in a three unit configuration has therefore been selected.

b) c)

d)

7.10

GENERATION IN 90% & 50% YEAR, DESIGN ENERGY & PERCENTAGE ANNUAL AVAILABILITY OF THE PROJECT AS PER GOI GUIDELINES Generation in a 50% mean year and 90% dependable works out as 2026 MU and 1551 MU respectively (Annex-VII-7 & Annex -VII-8). The design energy works out as 1512 MU as per the guidelines of GOI after restricting the installed capacity to 95% in a 90% dependable year(Annex-VII-8). The annual percentage availability of the project is 39.34%(Annex-VII-8) in 90% dependable year.

7.11

SUMMARY OF STUDIES The summary of the Power Potential studies carried out has been given in Annex VII 13 as desired by CEA vide letter No. 228 dt. 13/2/04.

7.12

COMMENTS OF CEA 85

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CEA comments on draft PFR of Khab-I HEP sent vide letter NO. 7/9/SJVNL/HP&I/2004/288 dated 13.2.2004 (copy of letter placed in Appendix C) are briefly discussed hereunder: i) General Comments 1. The initial environmental studies have been done through field studies, interaction with various Govt. departments and collection of available literature. The studies include impacts of the project on forestry, land use, wild life, R&R aspects etc. as per scope of PFR. The studies are covered in Chapter IX. 2. For evaluation of the project, financial parameters as supplied by CEA have been adopted. 3. Cost estimate has been prepared as per the guidelines supplied by CEA. 4. Further studies to be carried out at DPR stage have been covered in Appendix -B Further studies. 5. The installed capacity of the project and Power benefits etc have been finalised after discussion with CEA. 6. The hydrology has been approved by CEA and conveyed to SJVNL vide CEA letter No. 1301 dated 12th Nov. 2004 (copy placed in Appendix-C). 7. The layout Planning of the Project components have been discussed and finalised in consultation with CWC. 8. As discussed with SP&PA division of CEA, the power evacuation system proposed for the project shall be reviewed after the scheme for power evacuation for Satluj basin as a whole is finalised by HPSEB and approved by CEA. (Ref. para 8.3, Chapter VIII) 9. The executive summary has been prepared as per guidelines sent by CEA.

ii)

Power Potential Studies. 1. & 2. Need no comments. 86

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3.

The installed capacity of 450 MW has been considered keeping in view that the plant shall operate as a peaking station during lean flow period (Oct-April) for which sufficient live storage capacity has been provided in the reservoir. The average peaking during lean period shall be for 3 hrs in 90 % dependable year as given in Annex VII-10. The optimisation studies for dam height and installed capacity shall however be done at DPR stage as also brought out in Appendix B.

4.

The area capacity curve would be prepared at DPR stage as also covered in Appendix B. The live pondage of 12150 MW- hours has been provided in the storage as indicated in Para 7.1. (ii). The No. of hours of peaking during lean flow period for 90% dependable year have been given in Annex VII-10. A table giving the summary of studies indicating yearly inflows, annual energy generation, load factor of operation during monsoon and lean flow period has been given as annex VII-13. Recommendations for further studies required for preparation of DPR have been given in Appendix B and in various chapters wherever necessary.

5.

6.

7.

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CHAPTER VIII POWER EVACUATION

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CHAPTER VIII POWER EVACUATION


8.1 EXISTING POWER EVACUATION FACILITIES The existing hydro power plants downstream of proposed Khab-I Hydro Electric Project within 150 Kms radius with an installed capacity of 100 MW and above which are presently under operation are as under:i) ii) iii) Baspa Hydro Electric Project Stage-II 300 MW. Sanjay Jal Vidyut Pariyojna 120 MW. Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Project 1500 MW .

Baspa Hydro Electric Project which is owned by M/s.J.P.Industries Ltd., has two feeders of 400 KV D/C being used for power evacuation upto Jhakri in the Nathpa Jhakri Transmission System and they have constructed above line keeping in view the proposed Karcham Wangtoo Hydro Electric project (1000 MW). Hence the proposed power of Khab-I can not be evacuated by above lines. Sanjay Jal Vidyut Pariyojna of HPSEB has an independent 220 KV D/C line which can not be used for Khab-I power evacuation being a smaller capacity transmission line system. The transmission System for evacuation of power from Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Project(owned by SJVNL) at Jhakri comprises of the following transmission lines. 1. 2. Jhakri Abdullapur 400 KV D/C line. Jhakri Koldam Nalagarh 400 KV D/C line.

Out of two double circuits one 400 KV D/C line from Jhakri-KoldamNalagarh will be used to evacuate power generated at Rampur Hydro-Electric Project by looping in looping out above lne. 8.2 PROPOSED EVACUATION ARRANGEMENT TO THE NEAREST FACILITY The project is proposed to be interfaced with the 400 KV Switchyard at Karcham Wangtoo power house. The evacuation arrangement is as per the recommendations of PGCIL made in the master plan for evacuation of power from various HEPs likely to come up in HP. On river Satluj, up stream of Shongtong-Karcham HEP, a number of projects with an aggregate generating capacity about 2800 MW have been identified.

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It is proposed to evacuate the power generated at Khab-I Hydro Electric Project by laying a 20 Km long 400 KV D/C line with double snow bird ACSR conductor upto 400 KV GIS sub-station of proposed Khab-II Hydro Electric project. There after the system will be connected to other proposed Hydro Electric projects downstream of Khab-II Project namely Jangi- Thopan, Thopan Powari etc. which will be ultimately connected to pooling point near the proposed Karcham Wangtoo Hydro Electric project through 400 KV D/C line with triple snow bird conductor. The power from the pooling point shall flow to the Northern Grid through independent 400 KV transmission line. This system of transmission evolved may be subject to review at a later date depending upon the sequence of implementation of generation projects in the Satluj basin which may have an influence on the transmission system from Khab-I project.

8.3

COMMENTS OF CEA ON TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

The transmission System for this project and other upcoming projects in Satluj basin was discussed with CEA jointly by SJVNL & HPSEB. CEA asked HPSEB to formulate a master plan for the evacuation of the power from all (major, medium and minor) projects likely to be developed in Satluj basin. The CEA also advised to shorten the length of 400 KV system by using 220 KV transmission system upto Thopan for all projects U/S of Thopan and by providing 400/220KV sub station near Thopan. The said master plan for Satluj basin is under preparation by HPSEB. The transmission system proposed here in this report is therefore subject to change according to the above said Master Plan which is being finalised by HPSEB and shall be approved by CEA. The changes if any in the Power evacuation system for this project shall be incorporated at DPR stage.

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CHAPTER IX ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS

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CHAPTER-IX

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
The information presented in this chapter has been collected through field studies, interaction with various Government departments and collection of available literature. The water resources projects have varied forms of impact on ecology and its surrounding areas. Thus it is imperative to study the various facets of ecology of the project area to assess the impact due to hydropower development. The section describes various possible impacts on environmental parameters of the forestry, land use, wild life etc. as under:

9.1

POSSIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ON FORESTRY The forest in the study area is falling under the jurisdiction of Pooh forest range of Kinnaur forest division. Himachal Pradesh State Government has a designation of reserve forest in which virtually no human disturbance is permissible. There is no reserve forest in the study area. The forest existing in this region is only protected forest. In a protected forest activities like burning, new agriculture(no expansion of existing) etc. should not take place without prior permission from the forest department. Topographically and climatologically the proposed study area has been divided into two parts i) Spiti Valley and ii) Khab to Spilo. The growth of vegetation in the Spiti Valley is very poor. The spare vegetation includes Junifer brich, Andromeda and Rhododendran species, which are found on high elevations of 4200m. The second zone from Khab to Spillo is bound by high hills. Due to the steep slopes and absence of precipitation no good forest exists in this region. The main factors affecting the distribution and quality of vegetation are rainfall and elevation. The distribution of species is governed by microclimate, edaphic and biotic factors. The first 100m from the riverbed is predominately rocky gorge and does not support any vegetation. The steep valley extending from the valley floor to approximately 2800 m is predominantly grass & shrub cover and settlement with a very low forest stands. From 2800 m and above no vegetal cover has been observed, however the peaks are covered with heavy snow. The distribution of vegetation also follows an altitudinal zonation similar to that in the outer Himalayas, but on account of the marked variation in the annual precipitation along the entire length of Satluj valley, it is classified into three main climate zones, which are described as under; Wet zone: This zone comprises of the lower or outer valley, extending 104

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from Maneoti Dhar in Nichar range to Kilba along the North and upto Wangtu along the southern aspects. It includes all forests of Kilba range. The zone receives heavy rainfall during rainy season from south west monsoon and heavy snow fall during winter. Dry Zone: The zone lies between Kilba and Purbani on the left bank of Satluj and Kalpa on the Right Bank of Satluj. It extends over parts of Kilba and Kalpa Ranges. The rainfall shows a progressive decline towards eastwards. The snowfall during winter is heavy. Arid Zone: This is beyond Purbani and Kalpa extending upto the IndoTibetan border. This zone does not receive any rainfall. The winter is severe and the tract experiences heavy snowfall during winter. The snow melts by the end of May and thereafter the tract is practically dry for the rest of the year. The proposed project site falls under this zone. The density of vegetation in the study area is considerably low, which accounts the density below 0.4. The survival rate of plantation mostly depends on rainfall and its maintenance. The lack of evenly distributed rainfall and water resources hampers the growth rate. There is no dense forest in this region and the vegetation crown is relatively poor and the plants are distance a part. There is no significant amount of grass, bushes and shrubs present underneath of forest cover as a result no significant canopy. Some of the endemic tree species such as Cedrus deodara is contributing vegetation in Kilba and Pooh. The tree experiences a complete change in its association within its range with decrease in altitude. Since this species tolerates long lying snow cover it contributes some greenery in the interior regions of mountains. The precipitation in Kilba and Pooh areas is considerably less and is receiving precipitation mainly in winter months. The summers in these areas are normally dry but the effect of the possible drought is balanced by the melting of snow. The vegetation of pinus geradians(Chilgoza) has also been found in the area and its edible nuts fetch good price and it is one of the sources of income to the locals. Climbers such as Rosa, Ivy, Schizandra etc. have been normally abundant in Deodar, Kail and Fir forests in the wet zone. These climbers are not observed in the study area. The main flora contribution in the study area of Pooh forest range is given in Table IX-I. As this region has no forest stands and sufficient crown, therefore no significant impact will be anticipated in this region on forestry due to the proposed projects of Khab-I and Khab-II. 9.1.1 POSSIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ON LAND USE 105
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As covered under Para 3.2.1 of Chapter III: Project Area, the land suitable for agriculture is scarce. Most of the left and right banks of the study area consist of rocky cliffs. There are no major or minor industrial units situated in the study area. No historical or cultural monuments will be lost due to the proposed projects. Mineral deposits are unlikely to be affected in this area. Therefore no significant impact will be anticipated from the proposed projects on land use. 9.1.2 POSSIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ON WILD LIFE The wild life in any area is directly related to the characteristics of the habitat i.e. the nature and density of flora prevalent in the area along with other factors like slope, climate, anthropogenic activities etc. The great variation of altitudes has resulted in a distinct fauna, which adapts well to ruggedness and hard climatic conditions. The most majestic and stately animals of Ibex and Tangrol exist in Spiti Valley. Other animals such as brown bear, panther and leopard cats are also present on higher elevations of Spiti valley. However as the habitation for these wild animals are away from the proposed site. The lower part of the valley from Khab to Spillo supports floral diversity, which also provides suitable habitation for wild animals, birds and reptiles. The main species of mammals include Jackal and hill fox, porcupine etc. which are also present in this area. The common reptile species are the India Chameleon, common Krait, monitor lizards, common house gecko, garden lizards etc. Among birds snow cocks, partridge sparrow, pheasant monals, hawks, eagles, dove and pigeons are commonly sighted. Snow cock tragopan, plash koklash and chakors are present. Raven and the common Indian crows are also plentiful. No national parks or wild life sanctuaries lie in the study area. There are three wild life sanctuaries of Lippa asrang, Rupi Bhaba and Racham chitgul under Sarahan wild life division, which are away from the proposed project area. The commonly sighted faunal species in the project area are given in Table IX-2 . None of the scheduled species will be expected to inhabit or use the proposed study area due to the terrain conditions and lack of sustenance. Therefore no significant threat will be anticipated from the proposed projects on the wild life.

9.4

RESETTLEMENT & REHABILITATION AND MITIGATING MEAURES 106

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The resettlement and rehabilitation activities play a vital role for timely completion of any water resource project. As the resettlement and rehabilitation activities are highly sensitive and politically interlinked/motivated, timely attention is required to be taken care of with great interest. Due to construction of water resources projects, people are to be displaced from their land due to construction of project activities. Therefore the project affected people will be given utmost priority for their rehabilitation and timely compensations. Some of the rehabilitation measures need to be provided for the project affected families are described as under;

Timely payment of due compensation to the project affected families for their acquired land, house and other assets. To provide additional package of relief comprising of land, house, employment to the adversely affected families. To organize and rehabilitate the shopkeepers/business men of the area by providing suitable site for restarting their business. To provide health facilities in the project affected villagers and other adjacent villages through health centers, mobile health van etc. To organize horticulture, veterinary and agriculture awareness camps by the experts in the affecting areas with a view to create awareness amongst the affected families towards new technology. To improve the income generation potential of the project affected families and weaker sections by providing them financial assistance, training etc. To provide area development services like construction of new roads, maintenance of existing roads, village paths, and feeder/link roads to the villages, construction of school buildings, augmentation of existing school buildings and providing other infrastructure facilities. To provide health facilities, augmentation of existing hospitals and providing financial assistance for constructing new hospitals through the agencies. To provide water supply schemes and irrigation schemes through Government agencies like Irrigation and public health department. 107

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To encourage the sustenance of the social customs, cultural heritage etc. of the total inhabitants by providing them infrastructure support i.e. providing of community hall etc. However, the resettlement and rehabilitation measures commence after finalization of major civil components of the proposed project, therefore, R&R measures for the project affected people and affected villages due to the proposed projects of Khab-I and Khab-II shall be studied separately at the time of DPR preparation and expertise in the field will help to frame the resettlement and rehabilitation plan/package.

9.5

CONCLUSION It is a well established fact that any developmental activity causes impact on the environment keeping in view that the migration of large number of labour force for various construction activities of proposed projects and anthropogenic activities may result stress on the environment. However based on field studies conducted in the project area, the possible impacts on the screening parameters of forestry, land use and wildlife due to the proposed hydroelectric projects of Khab-I and Khab-II are minimal and insignificant.

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Table IX-1 COMMON FLORA EXISTING IN THE STUDY AREA TREES SCIENTIFIC NAME Berberis arstata Aritimisia maritime Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Cedrus deodara Abes pindro Corylus colurna Daphne Oleoides Elsholtzia polystahya Hippophae Rhomnoides Fraxinus xanthoxyloides Ephedra gerardiana Lonicera hypoleuca Albizzia lebbet Pinus sineusis Rhus punjabensis Melia azadarach Pyrus communis Janglans regia Myrsine Africana Buxus wallichiana Pinus excelosa Prunus armieniaca Prunus persica Pyrus malus SHURBS SCIENTIFIC NAME Berberis arstata Juniperus recurua Rhododendon campanulatum Prinsepia utilis Rhus auccedanca Rumex hstatus Rumex nepalansis LOCAL NAME Kashmal Thailu Sirmung Bhekal Sish Shurb Shrub LOCAL NAME Kemal Bhojpatra Bussar Deodar Sheloi Agru Pag Pangar Neoza(Chigoza) Titri(Harku) Bakain Nashpati Akroot(walnut) Chitring Shamshad Kail Chuli Baimi, Aru Seo

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Table IX-2 COMMON WILDLIFE EXISTING IN THE STUDY AREA. MAMMALS SCIENTIFIC NAME Vulpes vulpes Vulpes bengalensis Panthalops hodgsoni Hytrix indica Rattus narvegicus Sus scrofa cristatus Cervus unicallar Capricornis sumatraenis Macaca mullata Herpestes edwardsii REPTILES Chamaeleon zeylanicus Varanus flavescens Galotes versicolor Naja naja Ancistrodon himalayancus Bungarus caurleus BIRDS Columba rupestris Streptopelia chinensis Ichthyophage humilis Columba luconota Harpactis wardi Pucrasia sp. Garrulous ianceolatus Arceuthornis vlscivorus Crovus corax Corvus spendenus Corvus macrorhynchas Hill pigeon Spotted dove Eagles Snow pigeon Tragopan Plash koklash Black throated jay Himalayan Missel Thrush Raven Crows Jungles crows Indian Chemleon Monitor lizard Garden lizard India cobra Himalayan viper Common krait LOCAL NAME Hill fox(lomri) Fox Tibetian antelope Porcupine Common rat Wild pig Sambhar Scraw Rhesus monkey Neola

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CHAPTER X INFRASTRUCTURE

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CHAPTER X INFRASTRUCTURE

10.1

GENERAL The NH-22 connects the rail head (Kalka) to the project sites. In the project area, this road lies on the left bank of river Satluj for about 7 Km from Khab (proposed diversion dam site) upto Dabling Bridge. In the rest of project area viz. downstream of Dabling bridge this road lies on the right bank of river Satluj. All the components of Khab-I Hydroelectric project have been proposed on the right bank of the river. It is envisaged to transport the materials for the project through the broad gauge rail line upto Kalka. From the Kalka rail head, the materials can be transported to project via NH-22. The main places from Kalka to Khab are as follows: Kalka Solan Shimla Narkanda Kingal Rampur Jhakri Jeori Nathpa Karcham Powari Jangi Pooh Dabling Khab. NH-22 has already been widened for movement of heavy trailer/machinery upto Karcham for execution of Nathpa Jhakri HEP (1500 MW) and Baspa HEP Stage-II (300 MW ). From Karcham upto Khab, the road needs widening and strengthening of bridges ( 5 Nos between Jhangi to Khab). Provision has been kept in cost estimate for improvement of the road from Jangi to Khab ( 40 Km) considering the cost of improvement of road between Karcham and Jangi to be shared by Jangi-Thopan HE project and other projects to be developed in this reach. The cost of improvement of road and bridges has been covered under head R-communication. Pooh, a small town on NH-22 about 12 Km (by road) d/s of Khab-I HEP diversion site has been proposed as the project headquarter. The facilities like electricity and telephone etc. are existing at Pooh and beyond they can be suitably extended to various sites easily as the sites are located along the NH-22.

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10.2

INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED WITHIN PROJECT The broad infrastructure requirements for implementation of Khab-I Hydroelectric project, cost for which has been considered in the PFR are given below:

10.2.1 Roads & Bridges The following assessment about the total length of new roads, major bridges, requirement of improvement of existing roads, strengthening of existing bridges, provision of Helipad etc. has been made based on the site visits to the project areas: a) Approach roads un-metalled (7/10mtr. wide) to Tunnel adit, Surge shaft, Power house = 9 km. b) Approach roads metalled (7/10mtr. Wide) to colony, offices, stores and other project roads = 20 Km. c) Two No. permanent bridges of 100mtrs span each (7.5m clear roadway width with foot paths) over river Satluj approaching to diversion dam and desilting unit. d) Requirement of Helipad near Pooh. e) Approach road, un-metalled (7/10mtr. Wide) to Quarry = 3 Km.

10.2.2 Buildings The requirement of residential and non-residential buildings, both permanent and temporary, have been assessed based on the expected organization strength (excluding that of contractors) at the site for actual execution of the project and considering the requirements for construction facilities to be developed.

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10.2.2.1

Residential Buildings The residential buildings required are as below:

S.No.

Type Of units Type-I Type-II Type-III Type-IV Type-V

Units required Permanent Temporary 60 78 59 45 7 108 53 58 24 3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

10.2.2.2

Non Residential Buildings The non-residential buildings required are as below:

a) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19)

Permanent buildings General Manager (Project) and staff (office building) including 4 No. AGM/DGM. 2 No. construction divisions. Rest house at Pooh. Field hostel at Khab. Officer club. Staff club. Sub-ordinate rest house at Pooh. Sub-ordinate rest house at Khab. Hospital at Pooh. Dispensary. School (10+2) at Pooh. Bank building. Post & Telegraph office. Telephone/wireless system building. Fire station. Police station. Model room. Maternity child welfare centre. Bus stand and public utility etc.

10.2.2.3

Temporary buildings 113

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1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8)

3 No. Construction divisions. Field stores and field workshops. Main workshop. Main store. Testing laboratory. Labour recreation centre. Booths for market. Out houses for Cooks & garages.

The area and cost required for the above buildings has been worked out in detail under the sub head K Buildings. 10.2.3 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Miscellaneous Electrification (Construction power). Water supply, purification and distribution arrangements. Sewage disposal and storm water drains. Petrol pumps. Technical record, photographic record & library facilities. Telephone, telegraph, post office and wireless. Fire fighting arrangement.

The provision for cost of these miscellaneous items has been made under the subhead O-Miscellaneous.

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CHAPTER XI CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULE

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CHAPTER XI CONSTRUCTION PLANNING & SCHEDULE

10.1

GENERAL The Khab-1 Hydro electric project is situated on the National Highway No.22 viz. the Hindustan Tibet Road, which traverses the sites of main works thus offering sufficiently convenient communication links with the nearest rail head at Kalka and other locations especially project sites. Availability of construction materials like coarse and fine aggregates within the project area is also expected to be of great help in expediting the pace of construction. All these have been taken into consideration in evolving a construction programme for the whole project. If the timely availability of construction materials, machinery spares, high tensile steel for penstocks and the generating equipment for the power house and also foreign exchange for the equipment and materials to be imported is ensured, it will be possible to commission the first unit by 66th month after the start of the project as well as complete the project within 6 years. The proposed construction programme is shown in Annex-XI-I

11.1.0 MAGNITUDE OF WORKS The various works required to be carried out for the completion of the project are classified under the following headings. 11.1.1 Infrastructure facilities Infrastructure works include construction of buildings, roads, workshops, job facilities comprising development of plant areas and quarries etc. and arrangements for construction power and other preliminary works.

11.1.2. Civil Works. Civil works comprise the following: i) ii) iii) Diversion dam at Khab. Intake structure. Intake tunnel and Desilting Chambers. 115
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iv) v) vi) vii)


viii)

Head Race Tunnel Surge shaft Valve House Chamber Pressure shaft
Underground Power house complex comprising cavern for Machine hall, Transformer hall, Bus ducts and PAT.

ix) x)

Tail Race Tunnel Outfall Structure

11.1.3. Electrical Works The electrical works involve installation of three generating units of 150 MW each in the underground power house, an underground switch yard (SF6) and related auxiliaries and transmission system.

11.2.0. CONSTRUCTION PROGRAMME 11.2.1 Infrastructure Works Infrastructure works such as pre-construction surveys and investigations and the pre-construction facilities like establishing communication links, land acquisition, development of land for plant areas and quarries, construction of buildings, procurement of construction equipments/ machinery and arrangements for construction power etc. will be carried out during the initial 18 months, whereafter the main works of the project will be taken up.

11.2.2. Diversion Dam The dam at Khab is proposed to be taken up immediately after the completion of preliminary works as listed under para 11.2.1. The diversion arrangements proposed consist of diversion tunnel on left bank of the river and coffer dams on the u/s and d/s of dam site and other related works. It is proposed to complete the diversion dam, including installation of the spillway radial gates etc. in 44 months i.e. by the end of 62nd month of the start of the project.

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11.2.3. Intake Structure Intake and desilting structures are proposed to be completed by the end of the 62nd month from the start of the project including installation of gates, valves etc..

11.2.4. Head Race Tunnel The head race tunnel is proposed to be started after the completion of infrastructure works. One adit will be available along the tunnel alignment and will facilitate construction from four headings simultaneously. The tunnel shall entail a construction period of 48 months and shall be completed by 52nd month from the start of the project. 11.2.5. Surge Tank The excavation of the surge tank is proposed to be started after the completion of initial infrastructure works and shall be completed in 25 months. The concreting works will be completed by the end of 56th month. The entire works including the drilling and grouting of the Surge Tank shall be completed by the end of 60th month. 11.2.6. Penstock /Pressure Shaft. The excavation shall be completed by 43rd month , erection of steel liner by 54th month backfill concreting by 58th month and the whole work shall be completed by the end of 60th month.

11.2.7. Power House and Appurtenant works. The excavation of the Machine hall and Transformer hall cavern shall be completed in 43rd month, concreting works including the foundation for turbines shall be completed by 57th month from the start of the project. Installation of hydro mechanical works and electro-mechanical equipment shall be completed by the 68th month from the start of the project.

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The construction of outfall structure is also envisaged to be completed by the 61st month from the start of the project. 11.2.9 Commissioning of units Installation of Francis turbine shall be started after the 1st stage concrete for a particular unit has been placed. The second stage concreting shall continue in co-ordination with the erection of generating plant and equipment. All the three units are envisaged to be commissioned in 6 years i.e. by 72nd month from the start of project. 11.2.10. Transmission System The survey and investigation for the transmission system shall be completed during the first 24 months along with the infrastructure facilities, whereafter the work on the transmission line shall be taken up. The entire work will be so executed that the transmission lines are tested and commissioned in time to synchronise with the commissioning of the generating units.

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CHAPTER XII COST ESTIMATES.

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CHAPTER-XII COST ESTIMATES

12.1

BASIS OF ESTIMATES The estimate of Khab-I Hydro Electric Project (450 MW) has been made to arrive at the capital cost of the project and the level of accuracy of estimate is of Prefeasibility study. Drawings for different appurtenant structures have been prepared to arrive at estimate of quantities of different works. Rates of major items of Civil Works and Electrical Works for preparation of cost estimates have been adopted from CEA Guidelines for preparation of Cost Estimates of Pre-Feasibility Report of Hydro Electric Projects, October 2003. The cost estimate thus does not include the following items:Escalation after October 2003. Interest during construction.( IDC has however been considered in Economic Evaluation , Chapter XIII ) Construction of the project including commissioning is proposed to be completed in 6 years. This period of 6 years includes the time for execution of preconstruction facilities like project roads, bridges etc. including some adits for underground excavation and plant areas.

12.2 12.2.1.

DESCRIPTION OF ITEMS UNIT-I CIVIL WORKS Under Civil Works provisions have been made for the various components of the project as detailed hereunder:

12.2.1.1

A-PRELIMINARY Under this sub head, provision of 2% of the cost of I-Works has been made for surveys/investigations required to be conducted for the DPR preparation and to arrive at the optimum designs of project components. This percentage (2%) has been adopted considering location of the project in very 122

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remote area and limited working seasons. Thus the amount against A-Preliminary works out to Rs. 1866.36 lacs. The major survey/investigation works and other preliminary jobs have been listed out in Annexure XII-A-I as per the CEA guidelines for cost estimates at PFR level.

12.2.1.2.

B-LAND A provision of 4135.63 lakh has been made under this sub head. This covers the total requirement for project components, colonies, offices, project roads, dumping areas, land for afforestation and land for rehabilitation purposes. The land required has been broadly identified as non-cultivated land (forest & barren land) and cultivated land (forest & private land). The rates for different types of land viz. forest land (excluding cost of forest growth), barren land and cultivable land have been obtained from the concerned revenue department of project area. The details of land required alongwith the cost are given in Annexure XII-B-I.

12.2.1.3.

CIVIL WORKS This covers the cost of civil engineering structures comprising river diversion arrangement, coffer dams, concrete dam (including spillway and plunge pool), intake structure, desilting arrangement, headrace tunnel, surge shaft, pressure shafts/penstocks, power house complex, tailrace tunnel, adits and hydro mechanical works. The total cost works out to Rs.77101.66 lacs. The detail of the cost are given in Annexure XII-C-1.

12.2.1.4

K-BUILDINGS The requirement of residential and non-residential buildings, both permanent and temporary, have been assessed based on the expected organization strength (excluding that of contractors) at the site for actual execution of the project and considering the requirements for construction facilities to be developed. The plinth area rates of various types of buildings have been adopted as per HPPWD rates circulated vide their letter No. PW (B) PLINTH AREA/WS 123

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(S)-4089-4129 dated 9.7.98 (Annexure XII-K-2) with escalation @ 30% from 1998 to 2003. The percentage of escalation has been intimated by the concerned HPPWD official working in this remote area where KHAB-I Project is proposed to be located. These rates are exclusive of the cost of services. HPPWD have not segregated the rates separately for permanent and temporary buildings. However based on our experience in Nathpa Jhakri Project and keeping in view the rate difference of about 10% between permanent and temporary buildings for Uhl stage-III Hydro Electric Project (100MW HPSEB) cleared by CEA, 10% difference has been adopted for this purpose. The cost of permanent non-residential buildings has been increased by 10% over the rate mentioned in the above letter of HPPWD keeping in view richer specifications for various buildings like hospitals, rest houses, schools, clubs etc. The rates adopted have been worked out as per Annexure XII-K-3. The cost of buildings has been estimated as Rs. 3011.11 lacs which works out as 3.23% of IWorks. The details of cost are given in Annexure XII-K-I which is as per format of CEA guidelines.

12.2.1.5

M-PLANTATION A provision of Rs. 82.90 lacs has been kept for plantation of trees, their maintenance and protection for three years along the project roads, colonies and important project components viz. Dam Area, Power House etc. The details of cost are given in Annexure XII-M-1.

12.2.1.6

O-MISCELLANEOUS As per the guidelines of CEA, a lump sum provision of 3% of the cost of I- Works has been considered for various items under this sub-head. Thus the amount against O-Miscellaneous works out to Rs. 2799.53 lacs. The major items covered under this sub-head are listed in Annexure XII-O-I.

12.2.1.7

P-MAINTENANCE As per the guidelines of CEA, a lump sum provision of 1% of cost 124

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of C-Works, J-Power Plant Civil Works, K-Buildings and R-Communication has been kept under this sub head. Thus the amount against P-Maintenance works out to 819.56 lacs.

12.2.1.8

Q- SPECIAL TOOLS AND PLANTS As the major civil works have been proposed to be executed on contract basis, machinery required for departmental activities like infrastructural works, their subsequent repair/maintenance and supervision works has mainly been included under this sub-head. The detail of tools and plants required alongwith the cost are given in Annexure XII-Q-1. The cost works out to Rs. 520 lacs.

12.2.1.9

R-COMMUNICATION The assessment about the total length of new roads, major bridges, requirement of improvement of existing roads, strengthening of existing bridges, provision of helipad etc., has been made based on the site visits to the project areas. The rates for construction of roads and bridges have been adopted/computed from HPPWD yardsticks circulated vide their letter No. PW ( R )123-MAINTENANCE (PLAN/WS ( S) (E-3)-83-182 dated 3.4.2003 and letter No. PW( R) 71-43/95-WS/-9202-9300 dated 29.6.99 (copies enclosed as Annexures XII-R-3 & R-4). An escalation @ 30% has been adopted on the rates of bridges which were applicable in 1999. The detail of cost of communication is given in Annexure XII-R-I that works out to be Rs.1842.96 lacs. The calculation of rates has been given in Annexure XII-R-2.

12.2.1.10.

X-ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY A provision of 1% of the cost of I-Works has been kept under this sub head for maintaining/improving the environmental status of the project area 125

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as per the guidelines of CEA. Thus the amount against this sub-head works out to 933.18 lacs.

12.2.1.11.

Y-LOSSES ON STOCKS As per guidelines of CEA, the provision under this sub head has been considered as 0.25% of cost of C-Works, J-Power Plant Civil Works, KBuildings and R-Communication. Thus the amount under this sub head works out to 204.89 lacs.

12.2.1.12

II- ESTABLISHMENT The provision under this sub head has been kept as 8% of the cost of I-Works less the cost of B-land as per CEA guidelines. Thus amount against this sub head works out to 7134.57 lacs.

12.2.1.13III- TOOLS AND PLANTS The provision under this sub-head has been considered as 1% of the cost of I-Works as per CEA guidelines. Thus amount against this sub head works out to 933.18 lacs. This provision is meant to cover survey instruments, office equipments and other small tools and plants.

12.2.1.14

V-RECEIPT AND RECOVERIES ON CAPITAL ACCOUNT This head is meant to account for estimated recoveries by way of resale or transfer of temporary buildings and Q-Special T&P. As per the guidelines of CEA/CWC the detail of cost has been worked out to Rs. 375.36 126

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lacs (Annexure XII-V-I). 12.2.1.15 INDIRECT CHARGES- AUDIT AND ACCOUNTS The provision for audit and accounts charges has been considered as 1% of the cost of I-Works as per CEA guidelines. Thus the amount under this sub head works out to 933.18 lacs. 12.2.2. UNIT-III ELECTRICAL WORKS Under this head a provision of Rs. 48529 lacs has been made as explained in succeeding pages. Out of this amount a provision of Rs. 46393 lacs has been made to cover the costs under sub head P-Production and a provision of Rs. 2136 lacs has been made under the sub head T-Transmission. [ Annexures XIIE-P and XIIE-T]

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ABSTRACT OF COST ESTIMATES

AMOUNT (Rs. In Crore)

UNIT-I

CIVIL WORKS

1019.43 463.93 21.36 1504.72

UNIT-II P-PRODUCTION T-TRANSMISSION TOTAL COST OF PROJECT

UNIT-I CIVIL WORKS


S.No. Description of Items DIRECT CHARGES

( Sheet 1 of 2)

Amount (Rs. In lacs)

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1.0 2.0 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3

I-WORKS A-preliminary @ 2% of I-Works B-Land C-Works River Diversion Arrangement Coffer Dam (U/S & D/S) Concrete Dam I/C Spillway & Plunge Pool Total of C-Works 14175.95

1866.36 4135.63

1100.28 132.72 12942.95

4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8

J-Power Plant (Civil Works) Intake Structure Desilting Chamber Head Race,Tailrace Tunnels & Outfall Surge Shaft Adits Pressure Shafts and Penstocks Power House Complex Hydro Mechanical Works Total of J-Power Plant (Civil Works) K-Buildings M-Plantation O-Miscellaneous @ 3% of I-Works P-Maintenance @ 1% of C-Works,J-Power Plant Civil Works,K-Buildings & R-Communication Q-Special T&P R-Communication X-Environment & Ecology @1% of I-Works 5637.26 19697.70 21228.05 1765.39 3676.27 1968.92 2535.60 6416.52 62925.71 3011.11 82.90 2799.53

5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0

819.56 520.00 1842.96 933.18

9.0 10.0 11.0

UNIT-I CIVIL WORKS


12.0

( Sheet 2 of 2)

Y-Losses on stocks @ 0.25% of cost of C-Works, J-Power Plant Civil Works,K-Buildings and R-Communication

204.89

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Total of I-Works

93317.77

13.0

II-Establishment @ 8% of cost of I-Works less the cost of B-Land III-tools and Plants @ 1% of cost of I-Works V-Receipt & Recoveries on Capital Account Total of Direct Charges INDIRECT CHARGES (-)

7134.57 933.18 375.36 101010.16

14.0 15.0

16.0

Audit and Accounts @ 1% of the cost of I-Works Total of Direct and Indirect charges Say

933.18 101943.34 101943 ( Crores )

Annexure XII-A-1 A - PRELIMINARY ( 2% of I works )

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Description

S.No. 1. 2. i)

Preparation of Pre-feasibility Report Pre-construction and construction stage investigations. Topographical Surveys
a) Department surveys: Preliminary Surveys comprising longitudinal section of river, contour plan of area i.e. diversion dam, intake, headrace tunnel, surge shaft, pressure shafts, powerhouse and tailrace outfall etc.

ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

b) Survey by Survey of India (SOI): Accurate topographic maps of triangulation stations and GTS bench marks etc. c) Detailed Surveys: Detailed surveys of final locations including survey of colony sites and layout of area. Hydro-Meteorological data including establishing self recording discharge gauges, climatological laboratory and self recording rain/snow gauges and silt laboratory for conducting sediment and water tests etc. Geological and geo-physical explorations, geo-technical and geo-physical testing and seismological studies etc. Construction material testing and establishing soil and rock testing laboratory. Environmental and ecological studies. Hydraulics and hydrologic model studies and equipments. Visits to project sites by helicopter for investigation purposes. Training of Engineers during investigations and preparation of DPR. Construction of access paths, retaining structures and temporary store shed to facilitate investigations. Inspection vehicles and special tools and plants required for investigation works. Surveying, drawing, mathematical and camping equipments. Consultants fee (including charges for preliminary design work and advice). Preparation and printing/binding of Detailed Project Report (DPR).

Annexure XII-B-I (Page 1 of 2) B-LAND S.No. Name of Component


PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

Project Forest/Govt/ Private land

Rate in

Amount 131

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In Ha Lacs/Ha

Lacs

1. A) i) ii) iii) B) i) ii) iii) iv) C)

Land Requirement ForReservoir submergence area and Project features. Land for construction of dam at Khab Land for surge tank and intermediate adit for penstock Land for power house and pot head yard sites Township, stores and roads Field offices and workshop etc at Khab Land for other field offices and two adits Land for colonies at Khab and Pooh Land for project roads Quarry Site Land for crushing and aggregate processing plant and quarry site. Muck disposable Area Land for Rehabilitation purpose Total Taking average rate of Rs.7.333 lacs/ha. (Forest land excluding cost of forest growth @ 4.67 lacs /ha. , Barren land @ 3.33 lacs/ha and cultivable land @ 14 lacs/ha.).

40 20 30 30 50 100 100 20 5 15 410 410 7.333 3006.67

D) E)

B-LAND

Annexure XII-B-I (Page 2 of 2) Forest/Govt./ Private land Rate Amount

S.No Name of Project components

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In Ha

Lakh/Ha

Lakh

2.

Cost for Implementation of R&R Plan i) Acquisition of houses ii) Rehabilitation of families displaced iii) Compensation for trees iv) Compensation for crops

LS LS LS LS Total 1+2

10.00 80.00 20.00 10.00 3126.67 195.42 451.00 187.60

3. 4. 5.

6. 7.

8.

Cost of Establishment for land acquisition and Rehabilitation @ 6.25% =3126.67x6.25/100 Solatium charges @ 30% of cost of private land = 3006.67x 0.30/2 Interest charges on amount of award for the period between taking over possession of land and date of award @ 12% per annum on 25% of cost of total compensation for 2 years 3126.67x0.25x0.12x2 Legal charges @ 1% of total compensation= 3126.67x0.01 Labour and material required for measurement and demarcation of land/properties @ 1% of cost of land Acquisition = 3006.67x0.01 Relocation of communications like roads and bridges. (Annexure XII-B-2) Grand Total

31.27 30.07

113.60 4135.63 Annexure XII- B-2

RELOCATION OF COMMUNICATIONS
S.No. 1. Description Qty Unit Km Rate (Rs. in lacs) 31.80 Amount (Rs. in lacs) 63.60 133
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Relocation of HH-22 from 2

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Khab towards Spiti. 2. One no. Bailey Bridge over river Satluj for Total 113.60 approaching Spiti L.S 50.00

Annexure XII-C-1

CIVIL WORKS
RIVER DIVERSION ARRANGEMENT (Diversion Tunnel) UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS.

ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Service Excavation

AMOUNT IN RS.LACS

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M3 M3 M3 900

1.1 Commen Excavation 1.2 Rock Excavation 2.0 Underground Excavation 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Support System Rockbolts (25mm dia) Steel Rib Supports Shotcreting

125

1.13

39,769

1000

397.69

M Ton M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 Ton

15425 140 700 490

400 42000 4000 7000

61.70 58.80 28.00 34.30

3.4 Concrete lagging 4.0 Concrete 4.1 Cement concrete lining M-20 4.2 M15 4.3 M20 4.4 M25 5.0 Reinforcing Steel Sub-Total (A) of 1 to 5 6.0 Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works 6.1 Various Miscellaneous works like wiremesh/steel fibre reinforcement,drilling & grouting, PVC pipes for drainage , slope protection works etc.(7-8% of Sub-Total (A) depending upon the site conditions and type of structure) Sub-Total (B) of 1 to 6

4250

4000

170.00

710

27000

191.70 943.32

8%

75.47 1018.78

Annexure XII-C-1 RIVER DIVERSION ARRANGEMENT (continued)

7.0 8.0 9.0

Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total(B)) Dewatering (2% of Sub-Total (B) Contingencies (3% of Sub-total (B) except on L.S.items)

1% 2% 3%

10.19 20.38 30.56

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10.0 Work Charged Establishment (2% of sub-total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 10

2%

20.38 1100.28

Annexure XII-C-1

COFFER DAM (U/S & D/S)


ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common Excavation PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS 2,370 125 AMOUNT RS LACS 2.96

M3

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2.0 Embankment Construction 2.1 Earth/rock fill 2.2 Impervious core 2.3 Filter 3.0 Concrete 3.1 M10 3.2 M15 3.3 Concrete cut-off wall if required Sub-Total (A) of 1 to 3 4.0 Miscellaneous 4.1 Various Miscellaneous works likedrilling andgrouting etc. ().) to 0.50 of Sub-Total (A) depending upon the siteconditoins and type of structure) Sub-Total (B) of 1 to 4 5.0 Dewatering (3% of Sub-Total (B)) 6.0 Contingencies (3% of Sub -Total (B) except on L.S.items) 7.0 Work charged Establishment (2% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 7 Assuming that coffer dam has to be constructed twice G.Total

M3 M M
3 3

3870 1310 590

156 334 881

6.04 4.38 5.20

M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 61.14 1360 3130 42.57

0.50%

0.31 61.45

3% 3% 2%

1.84 1.84 1.23 66.36

132.72

Note: Rates of Imprevious core and filter have been taken for a lead of 10 Km and that of concrete for a lead of 20 Km. Annexure XII-C-1

CONCRETE DAM INCLUDING SPILLWAY AND PLUNGE POOL


ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common Excavation 1.2 Rock Excavation UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS M3 M3 14,835 133515 125 300 AMOUNT IN RS LACS 18.54 400.55

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2.0 Support System 2.1 Rock bolts (32 mm dia) 2.2 Shotcrete 3.0 Concrete 3.1 M10 3.2 M15 3.3 M20 3.4 M25 4.0 Reinforcing Steel Sub-Total (A) 1 to 4 5.0 Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works 5.1 Various Miscellaneous Works like wiremesh/steel fibre reinforcement,drilling and groutng, PVC pipes, Water Stops, other steel works, slope protection works, elevator, road works,architectural works for dam etc.(2-3%of Sub-total (A) depending upon the site conditions & type of structure) Sub-Total (B) 1 to 6 6.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B) 7.0 Dewatering (2% of Sub-Total (B) 8.0 Contingencies (3% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S. items) 9.0 Work Charged Establishment (2% of Sub-Total (B) except onL.S.items) Total of 1 to 9

M M3 M3 M3 M3 M3 M
3

13603 1000

525 4000

71.42 40.00

203625 50906 6475

3590 3810 27000

7310.14 1939.52 1748.25 11528.41

Ton

3%

345.85 11874.26

1% 3% 3% 2%

118.74 356.23 356.23 237.49 12942.95

Note: Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms.

Annexure XII-C-1

INTAKE STRUCTURE
ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common excavation 1.2 Rock excavation PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS M3 M3 5515 300 16.55 AMOUNT IN RS LACS

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2.0 Underground excavation 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Support System Rockbolts (32mm dia) Steel ribs Support

M3

1561

1000

15.61

Shotcretng 3.4 Concrete lagging if required 4.0 Concrete 4.1 M10 4.2 M15 4.3 M20 4.4 M25 5.0 Reinforcing Steel Sub-Total (A) 1 to 5 6.0 Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works 6.1 Various Miscellaneous Works like drilling & grouting , wiremesh reinforcement , slope protection works, other steel works etc. (1 to 2% of sub-total (A) depending upon the site conditions and type of structure) Sub-Total of 1 to 6 7.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B)) 8.0 Dewatering (1% of Sub-Total (B)) 9.0 Contingencies(3% of Sub-Total (B) excep on L.S.items) 10.0 Work Charged Establishment (2% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 10 Note: Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms.

M Ton M3 M3

510 8 30

525 42000 4000

2.68 3.36 1.20

M3 M M
3

39375 51048 12762 6371

2760 3590 3810 27000

1086.75 1832.62 486.23 1720.17 5165.17

M3
3

Ton

2%

103.30 5268.47 52.68 52.68 158.05 105.37 5637.26

1% 1% 3% 2%

Annexure XII-C-1

DESILTING CHAMBER
ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common excavation PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS M3 AMOUNT IN RS LACS

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M3 M3

1.2 Rock excavation 2.0 Underground excavation 3.0 Support System 3.1 Rock bolts (25mm dia) Rockbolts (32 mm dia) 3.2 Steel ribs Support 3.3 Shotcretng 3.4 Concrete lagging 4.0 Concrete 4.1 M15 4.2 M20 4.3 M25 5.0 Reinforcing Steel Sub-Total (A) 1 to 5 6.0 Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works 6.1 Various Miscellaneous Works like wiremesh /steel fibre reinforcement, drilling & grouting etc. (3-4% of sub total (A) depending upon the side conditions & type of structure) Sub-Total of 1 to 6 7.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B)) 8.0 Dewatering (2% of Sub-Total (B)) 9.0 Contingencies(3% of Sub-Total (B) excep on L.S.items) 10.0 Work Charged Establishment (2% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 10 Note: Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms.

803912

1000

8039.12

M M Ton M3 M3

37685 400 264831 525 1155 42000 13294 4000 3765 7000

150.74 1390.36 485.10 531.76 263.55

M3 M3 M
3

78792 36711 9071

3590 3810 27000

2828.63 1398.69 2449.17 17537.12

Ton

4%

701.48 18238.61

1% 2% 3% 2%

182.39 364.77 547.16 364.77 19697.70 Annexure XII-C-1

HEAD RACE , TAIL RACE TUNNELS AND OUTFALL


ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common excavation UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS 125 AMOUNT IN RS LACS 7.34

M3

5875

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M3 M3 52875 744410

1.2 Rock excavation 2.0 Underground excavation 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Support System Rockbolts (25mm dia) Steel ribs Support

300 1000

158.63 7444.10

Shotcretng 3.4 Concrete lagging 4.0 Concrete 4.1 Cement concrete lining M-20 4.2 M15 4.3 M20 4.4 M25 5.0 Reinforcing Steel Sub-Total (A) 1 to 5 6.0 Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works 6.1 Various Miscellaneous Works like drilling & grouting, PVC pipes for drainage etc. (7-8% of sub-total(A) depending upon the site conditions and type of structure Sub-Total of 1 to 6 7.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B)) 8.0 Dewatering (2% of Sub-Total (B)) 9.0 Contingencies(3% of Sub-Total (B) excep on L.S.items) 10.0 Work Charged Establishment (2% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 10

M Ton M3 M3

593813 400 2793 42000 22412 4000 1205 7000

2375.25 1173.06 896.48 84.35

M3 M
3

115587

4000

4623.48

M3 M3 Ton 5322 27000 1436.94 18199.63

8%

1455.97 19655.60

1% 2% 3% 2%

196.56 393.11 589.67 393.11 21228.05

Note: Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms. Annexure XII-C-1

SURGE SHAFT
ITEM DESCRIPTION UNIT QUAN. RATE AMOUNT

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IN RS 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common excavation 1.2 Rock excavation 2.0 Underground excavation 2.1 Surge Shaft excavation 2.2 Surge Shaft excavation with raise borer 2.3 Concrete lagging 3.0 Support System 3.1 Rockbolts (25mm dia) Rockbolts (32mm dia) 3.2 Steel ribs Support 3.3 Shotcretng 4.0 Concrete 4.1 M20 4.2 M25 5.0 Steel Works 5.1 Reinforcing Steel 5.2 Steel liner Sub-Total (A) 1 to 5 6.0 Miscellaneous and Ancillary Works 6.1 Various Miscellaneous Works like site clearance, drilling & grouting, wiremesh reinforcement, Air vent pipes, lift arrangement , other steel works etc.(1-2% of sub-total (A) depending upon the site conditions & type of structure) Sub-Total of 1 to 6 M3 M
3

IN RS LACS

M3 M3

M3 M3 M3

81494 500

1200 7000

977.93 35.00

M M Ton M3

1350 17640 133 1050

400 525 42000 4000

5.40 92.61 55.86 42.00

4312

3590

154.80

Ton Ton

771 44

27000 70000

208.17 30.80 1602.57

2%

32.05 1634.62

Annexure XII-C-1

SURGE SHAFT (continued)


7.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B)) 8.0 Dewatering (2% of Sub-Total (B)) PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) 1% 2% 16.35 32.69

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9.0 Contingencies(3% of Sub-Total (B) excep on L.S.items) 10.0 Work Charged Establishment (2% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 10

3% 2%

49.04 32.69 1765.39

Note:Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms.

Annexure XII-C-1

ADITS
ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common excavation M3 UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS AMOUNT IN RS LACS

143
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M3

1.2 Rock excavation 2.0 Underground excavation 2.1 Excavation of adits 3.0 Support System 3.1 Rockbolts (25mm dia) 3.2 Steel ribs Support 3.3 Shotcretng 3.4 Concrete lagging 4.0 Concrete 4.1 Cement concrete lining M20 4.2 M10 4.3 M15 4.4 M20 4.5 M25 5.0 Reinforcing steel Sub-Total A) of 1 to 5 6.0 Miscellenous and Ancillary Works 6.1 Various Miscellaneous works like grilling & grouting, wiremesh rein-forcement, mansonry works, PVC pipes for drainage etc. (3-4% of Sub-Total (A)depending upon the site conditions and type of structure). Sub-Total (B) 1 to 6

M3

264174

1000

2641.74

M Ton M3 M
3

24455 745 1274 602

400 42000 4000 7000

97.82 312.90 50.96 42.14

M3 M
3

1375 2215

4000 2760

55.00 61.13

M3 M3 M3 Ton 42 27000 11.34 3273.03

4%

130.92 3403.96

Annexure XII-C-1

ADITS (continued)
7.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B)) 8.0 Dewatering (2% of Sub-Total (B)) 9.0 Contigencies (3% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items) PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) 1% 2% 3% 34.04 68.08 102.12

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10.0 Work charged establishment (2% of sub-total (B) except on L.S.items. Total of 1 to 10

2%

68.08 3676.27

Note: Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms.

Annexure XII-C-1

PRESSURE SHAFTS AND PENSTOCKS


ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Underground excavation UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS M3 18302 1500 AMOUNT IN RS LACS 274.53

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2.0 Supports System 2.1 Rock bolts 32mm dia 2.2 Steel ribs Support 2.3 Shotcreting 3.0 Concrete 3.1 M15 backfill concrete 4.0 Penstock steel liners Sub-Total (A) of 1 to 4 5.0 Miscellaneous and Anccillary works 5.1 Various miscellaneous works like drilling & grouting, wiremesh/steel fibre reinforcement, swellex anchor etc. (2-3% of Sub-toal (A) depending uponthe site conditions & type of structure) Sub-Total (B) of 1 to 5 6.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B)) 7.0 Dewatering (1% of Sub-Total (B) 8.0 Contingencies (3% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items)) 9.0 Work Chaged Establishment (2% of sub total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 9

M Ton M3

33663 10505

525 4000

176.73 420.20

M3 Ton

2823 1181

3130 70000

88.36 826.70 1786.52

3%

53.60 1840.12

1% 1% 3% 2%

18.40 18.40 55.20 36.80 1968.92

Note: Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms.

Annexure XII-C-1

POWER HOUSE COMPLEX


ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 Surface Excavation 1.1 Common excavation PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) M3 UNIT QUAN. RATE IN RS AMOUNT IN RS LACS

146
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


M3

1.2 Rock excavation 2.0 Underground excavation if underground Power House 2.1 Excavation of PH cavern, transformer cum MIV cavern and draft tube gate 3.0 Support System 3.1 Rockbolts (32mm dia) 3.2 Steel ribs Support 3.3 Shotcretng 3.4 Concrete lagging 4.0 Concrete 4.1 M15 4.2 M20 4.3 M25 5.0 Reinforcing steel 6.0 Structural steel for roof trusses etc. 7.0 Masnory Work 7.1 Stone 7.2 Brick Sub Total (A) of 1 to 7

M3

88095

1000

880.95

M Ton M3 M
3

57496 11.2 1996

525 42000 4000

301.85 4.70 79.84

M3 M3 M
3

15014

3590

539.00

Ton Ton

1500 41.24

27000 50000

405.00 20.62

M3

301

1331

4.01 2235.98

Annexure XII-C-1

POWER HOUSE COMPLEX (continued)


8.0 8.1 Miscellaneous Various miscellaneous works like drilling & grouting, wiremesh/steel fibre reinforcement, flooring, water proofing system, swellex anchor, doors &windows, painting, lift arrangement,architectural works, other metal works etc. (4-5% of

147
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Sub-Total (A) depending upon the site conditions & type of structure) 5% Sub-Total (B) of 1 to 8 9.0 Instrumentation (1% of Sub-Total (B) 10.0 Dewatering (1% of Sub-Total (B) 11.0 Contingencies (3% of Sub-Total (B) except on L.S.items) 12.0 Work chaged Establishment (2% of sub total (B) except on L.S.items) Total of 1 to 12 1% 2% 3% 2% 111.80 2347.78 23.48 46.96 70.43 46.96 2535.60

Note: Rate of concrete has been taken for a lead of 20 kms.

Annexure XII-C-1

HYDRO-MECHANICAL WORKS
ITEM DESCRIPTION 1.0 DIVERSION TUNNEL WORKS Gate (Size) Embedded Parts UNIT QUAN. RATE RS LACS AMOUNT RS LACS

Ton Ton

148
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


Ton Ton

Rope Drum Hoist (as per capacity) Hoist supporting structure & trestles 2.0 SPILLWAY STRUCTURE a) Radial Gates (Size) 8.5Mx6.5M Embedded Parts (including anchorages) Hydraulic hoist b) Bulk head Gates (Size) Embedded Parts Gantry Crane

Ton Ton Set Ton Ton Set

770 148 5 131 26 1

1.00 0.50 112.00 0.60 0.50 75.96

770.00 74.00 560.00 78.60 13.00 75.96

3.0 INTAKE STRUCTURE a) Intake Gate (Size) 6mx5.25m Embedded Parts for Intake Gate Rope drum hoist (as per capacity) Hoist Platform & Trestles b) Bulkhead gate (Size) 6mx5.25m Embedded Parts for Bulkhead Gates Gantry Crane (as per capacity)

Ton Ton Set Set Ton Ton Set

316 62 3

1.00 0.50 108.00

316.00 31.00 324.00

196 38 1

0.60 0.50 75.96

117.60 19.00 75.96

4.0 TRASH RACK/TRASH RACK CLEANING MACHINE a) Trash Rack Cleaning Machine b) Trash Rack and Embedded parts 5.0 SILT FLUSHING STRUCTURE a) Gate size (0.7mx1.8m) Embedded parts 20% of gate weight Hydraulic Hoist b) Stoplogs (1.7mx4.5m) Embedded parts Rope Drum Hoist

Set Ton

1 377

250(L.S.) 0.50

250.00 188.50

Ton Ton Set Ton Ton Set

316 63 18 55 11 3

1.00 0.50 52.75 0.60 0.50 108.00

316.00 31.50 949.50 33.00 5.50 324.00

Annexure XII-C-1

HYDRO-MECHANICAL WORKS (continued)


6.0 HRT INTAKE Gate size (6mx5.25m) Embedded parts Rope Drum Hoist Ton Ton Set 191 38 3 1.00 0.50 108.00 191.00 19.00 324.00

149
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

7.0 BUTTERFLY VALVE Butterfly Valve (6.76m dia) 8.0 DRAFT TUBE GATE Gate size ( 6mx6m) Embedded parts for Draft Tube Gate Gantry Crane (as per capacity) 9.0 TAIL RACE Outlet Gates (7mx4m) Embedded Parts Rope Drum Hoist 10.0 Khab-II Intake a) Gate size( 6mx5.25m) Embedded parts Rope drum hoist b) Stop logs size (6mx5.25m) Embedded parts Gantry Crane 11.0 Adit Access Gates (2.5mx2.5m) Total NOTE:

Ton

96

1.00

96.00

Ton Ton Set

132 26 1

1.00 0.50 75.96

132.00 13.00 75.96

Ton Ton Set

237 47 4

1.00 0.50 13.92

237.00 23.50 55.68

Ton Ton Set Ton Ton Set Ton

129 25 4 43 8 1 17

1.00 0.50 108.00 0.60 0.50 75.96 1.00

129.00 12.50 432.00 25.80 4.00 75.96 17.00 6416.52

The rates for hoists, Gantry Crane etc. have been adopted based on the current rates applicable for Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectrical Project

Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 1 of 8)

K-BUILDINGS
SR. DESCRIPTION OF UNIT TOTAL RATE AMOUNT 150
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


PLINTH AREA Sqm Sqm 16030 14095

No. 1.0 1.1 1.2

BUILDING Residential Buildings Permanent residential buildings Service Charge @ Temporary Buildings Service Charge @ Total Residential Buildings

IN RS. 5460 31.00% 4914 27.00%

RS. LACS

IN

875.24 271.32 692.63 187.01 2026.20

2.0 2.1

Non-Residential Buildings Permanent non-residential Sqm buildings Service Charges @ residential Sqm 12326 5434 22.50% 3069 4446 20.50% 669.79 150.70 136.45 27.97 984.91 3011.11

non2.2. Temporary buildings Service charges @

Total Non-residential Buildings Grand Total (Residential + NonResidential)

Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 2 of 8)

ABSTRACT OF PLINTH AREA REQUIREMENT OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS


S.No. Description of Unit A) 1. Permanent Type-I 60 43 2580 151
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

Units Required

Plinth Area per Unit m

Total Plinth Area m

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


78 59 45 7

2. 3. 4. 5. B) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Type-II Type-III Type-IV Type-V Total Temporary Type-I Type-II Type-III Type-IV Type-V Total

54 65 93 174

4212 3835 4185 1218 16030

108 53 59 24 3

43 54 65 93 174

4644 2862 3835 2232 522 14095

Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 3 of 8) I. DETAIL OF PERMANENT RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS FOR GENERAL MANAGER PROJECT AND STAFF. S.No. Particulars Type of Quarter V 1. 2. 3. General Manager (Project) AGM/DGM (Civil) AGM/DGM (P&A) 1 1 1 152
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

IV

III

II

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


1 1 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 5

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

AGM/DGM (F&A) AGM/DGM (Geologist) Sr Manager/Manager Sr.Engineer/Engineer/AE Sr. Geologist/ Geologist/ Asstt. Geologist Sr.Manager/Manager (P&A) Sr.P.O./P.O. Sr.Manager/Manager (F&A) SR.AO/AO Supervisor (P&A) Supervisor (F&A) Private Secretary Steno Typist Drivers Attendant Head Draughtsman Draughtsman/JDM Photostat machine operator/ Feroprinter Total

3 8 10 1 5 6 5 26 22 8 24

Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 4 of 8) II. DETAIL OF PERMANENT RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS FOR CONSTRUCTION DIVISIONS AND STAFF. S.No. 1. 2. Particulars V AGM/DGM Sr. Manager/Manager 2 6 153
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

Type of Quarter IV III II I

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


10 4 28 2

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Dy Manager/ Sr. Engineer/ Engineer/AE Supervisor (Technical) Private Secretary Supervisor (Clerical) Steno Typist Head Draughtsman Draughtsman/JDM Driver Photostat/Feroprinter Attendant Total 2

14 6 6

2 6 2 4 12 16 36 32 18

III. S.No. A) 1. 2.

DETAIL OF PERMANENT RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS FOR HOSPITAL/SCHOOL STAFF. Type of Quarter V For Hospital staff Doctor Compounder /Dispenser 3 3 Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 5 of 8) IV III II I

Particulars

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. B)

Nurses X-ray technician Operation theatre assistant Attendant Supervisor (Clerical) For School Staff

6 2 4 9 1

154
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


1

1. 2. 3. 4.

Head Master Teachers Clerk/Librarian Attendant Total of III Total of I Total of II Grand Total of Permanent Residential Buildings 0 5 2 7 3 26 16 45

19 3 9 1 22 36 59 38 8 32 78 18 24 18 60

IV.

DETAIL OF TEMPORARY RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS FOR CONSTRUCTION DIVISIONS AND STAFF Type of Quarter V IV 3 9 15 6 42 3 Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 6 of 8) 21 III II I

S.No Particulars 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. AGM/DGM Sr. Manager/Manager Dy. Manager/Sr. Engineer/ Engineer/AE Supervisor (Technical) Private Secretary

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Supervisor (Clerical) Steno Typist Head Draughtsman Draughtsman/JDM Driver Photostat/Feroprinter Attendant 3

9 9 9 3 6 18 155

PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


3 24 54

Total

48

27

V.

DETAIL OF TEMPORARY RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS FOR OTHER CATEGORIES Type of Quarter V IV III 1 2 1 1 0 3 3 0 24 24 5 54 59 5 48 53 5 II I 15 6 11 22 27 81 27 108

S.No Particulars 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Security staff Dispensary staff Telephone Exchange Post office, Telegraph & Wireless Fire Fighting staff Total of V Total of IV Grand Total of Temporary Residential Buildings

Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 7 of 8) DETAIL OF NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS S.No. A) 1. 2. Particular Permanent General Manager (Project) and Staff (office building) including AGM/DGMS Construction Divisions 5 2 278 278 1390 556 156
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

No.

Area in Sq. meters

Total area in Sq. metres

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Rest house at Pooh Field Hostel at Khab Officer Club Staff Club Sub ordinate rest house at Pooh Sub-ordinate rest house at Khab Hospital at Pooh Dispensary School Bank Building Post & Telegraph office Telephone Fire Station Police Station Model Room Maternity child welfare centre Bus stand & public utility etc. Misc. Total

1500 500 250 250 500 500 2500 500 2000 200 100 100 80 200 100 100 500 500

1500 500 250 250 500 500 2500 500 2000 200 100 100 80 200 100 100 500 500 12326

Annexure XII-K-1 (Page 8 of 8) B) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Temporary Construction Divisions Field stores and field W/hop Main workshop Main Store Testing laboratory 3 12 1 1 1 278 30 200 400 300 834 360 200 400 300 157
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


1 15 1

6. 7. 8. 9.

Labour recreation centre Booths for market Out houses for cooks and garages Misc. Total

50 15 LS 200

50 225 500 200 3069

158
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


Annexure XII- K-3 PLINTH AREA RATES OF BUILDINGS 1. A) Residential Buildings Rate (Rs./Sq. mtr.) Permanent PWD Plinth Area Rate Escalation @ 30% B) Temporary Taking 10% less then the Permanent Rate 2. Non-Residential Buildings A) Permanent PWD Plinth Area Rate Escalation @ 30% Add 10% for richer specification B) Temporary PWD Plinth Area Rate Escalation @ 30% 3800 1140 -------3940 Taking 10% less than the permanent Rate (10% of 4940) (-) 494 ------4446 3800 1140 4940 494 --------5434 4914 (5460-546) 4200 260 5460

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Annexure XII-M-1 160


PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


M-PLANTATION S.No Description 1. 2. Unit Qty. Rate Amount Rs. Rs. Lacs 100000 10.00 10.00 25489 228 58.12

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Cost of 100000 plants to be planted Plant Making pit 3ftx3ftx1ft =100000 Cum Nos. (Rates as per Annexure XIIM-2 )

3.

Two nos. gardeners for three years Days @ Rs. 116.25 per day= 2x3x365=2190 men days

2190

116.25

2.55

4. 5.

Cost of protection by barbed wire at Plant Rs. 5 per plant Beldar (8 Nos.) for protection and Days plantation for four months every year at Rs. 116.25 per day for two years= 8x2x120= 1920 men days.

100000 1920

5.00 116.25

5.00 2.23

6.

Development of gardens, parks and lawns etc.

L.S. Total

5.00 82.90

161
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


Annexure XII-M-2 Analysis of rate for excavation of pits under M-Plantation (Pit size (3ftx3ftx1ft)) It is estimated that one number beldar @ 75/- will excavate/prepare 2 Nos. pits of size 3ftx3ftx1ft in a day, the strata being hard soil/rock. Qty of excavation Labour charges Add for indirect charges for labour@ 55 % of cost of labour Total labour charges Rate per Cum. Hence rate per cum = 41.25 = 116.25 = 227.94 Say = 228 = 3x3x1x2/35.31 = 0.51 cum = Rs. 75.00

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Annexure XII- O-1 (Page 1 of 2) 162


PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


O-MISCELLANEOUS ( 3% of I works ) S.No. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Description
CAPITAL COST Electrification Water supply, purification and distribution arrangements including purchase of water tankers, cost of tanks and chlorination. Providing sewage disposal and storm water drains at various colonies sites. Furnishing and equipping rest houses, field hostels , hospitals, schools etc. Fire fighting equipment Telephone, telegraph, post office and wireless Fountains, recreation facilities, special lighting arrangements for beautification of areas in the project, dish antenna, petrol pump etc. Maintenance and service charges during execution period Maintenance of power arrangements R&M of water supply facilities R&M of sanitation and drainage facilities R&M of Telecommunication system and post office R&M of Hospital and Dispensary R&M of rest house and field hostel R&M of Research and Quality control laboratories Labour welfare compensation and retrenchment benefits Providing security police including R&M of posts. R&M of inspection vehicles and staff cars R&M of school buses and staff buses R&M of Ambulance

Annexure XII-O-1 (Page 2 of 2) 163


PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


O-MISCELLANEOUS
( 3% of I works )

2.13 2.14 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10

R&M of field workshops Maintenance and running of schools Miscellaneous Foundation stone laying ceremony, inauguration and visit of Dignitaries. Model exhibition Group insurance Compensation for accidents Training personnel abroad including study courses and visits Publicity, information centers Technical record, photographic record and library facilities Boundary pillars and stones, distance marks and bench marks Canteen facilities Co-operative Stores

Annexure XII-Q-I (Page 1 of 2)

Q-SPECIAL T&P
164
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD


Qty in Nos.

S.No. Description of equipment 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Jack hammer with accessories, 120cfm Wagon drilling machine Air compressor diesel, 250cfm Air compressor elect.,500 cfm Air compressor diesel, 500 cfm Pavement breaker, 85 lbs Pusher leg Wheel dozer, 130HP Front end loader, 1 cum Hydraulic excavator, 0.90 cum Tipper, 10T Excavator backhoe loader, 0.30cum of excavator bucket and 1.0 cum of loader bucket 13. 14. 15. 16. 17 18. 19. 20. 21 22. 23. Concrete mixer, 14/10 cft Needle vibrator Shotcrete machine, 10 cum Shotcrete machine, 5 cum Muck cars, 1.00 cum Ventilation blower, 10,000 cfm Rib bending machine Axial flow fans Truck, 10T Explosive van, 7.5 T Ambulance van

Rate Amount in lacs Rs in lacs 50 0.25 12.5 2 4 4 2 15 15 2 2 2 10 2 8.00 5.50 7.00 8.35 0.22 0.15 40.00 19.00 44.00 6.5 30.00 16.0 22.0 28.00 16.70 3.30 2.25 80.00 38.00 88.00 65.00 60.00

10 20 2 2 6 4 1 5 10 1 3

1.25 0.20 19.00 8.00 0.25 4.5 8.00 0.15 6.50 6.00 4.00

12.50 4.00 38.00 16.00 1.50 18.00 8.00 0.75 65.00 6.00 12.00

Annexure XII-Q-I (Page 2 of 2)

Q-SPECIAL T&P
165
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30 31 32. 33. 34. 35 36 37. 38. Pick van Bus Car Jeep Water sprinkler, 7500 ltrs. Diesel tanker, 10 kl Petrol Tanker, 7.5 kl Dewatering pump electrical, 20 HP Dewatering pump electrical, 10HP Dewatering pump diesel, 10HP Electric winch, 20 T Diesel generating set, 100 KVA Road roller, 8 T Mobile crane, 50T Workshop tools and plants Total Cost of Personal carrier (Sr.No.23 to 27) Cost of Q-Special T&P other than personal carrier Cost of Q-Special T&P chargeable to estimate = 835.20x0.25+310.75 519.55 Say Rs. 520 lacs 16 6 15 40 2 3 1 6 10 2 2 5 2 1 LS 4.50 8.00 3.25 3.25 7.00 9.50 7.00 0.35 0.25 0.30 2.50 3.00 4.50 120.00 72.00 48.00 48.75 130.00 14.00 28.50 7.00 2.10 2.50 0.60 5.00 15.00 9.00 120.00 30.00 1145.95 310.75 835.20

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Annexure XII- R-1

R-COMMUNICATION
S.No Description
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

Qty

Unit

Rate

Amount 166

(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. C/O Approach roads to tunnel adit 7/10 mtr. Wide C/O Approach road to Surge shaft 7/10 mtr wide C/O Approach road to Power House 7/10 mtr. Wide C/O Approach roads to colony, offices, stores and other project roads 7/10 mtr wide C/O one no. permanent bridge over river Satluj approaching to diversion dam, 7.5 mtr clear roadway with foot paths C/O One no. permanent bridge over river Satluj approaching to desilting adit. 7.5 mtr clear roadway with foot paths Widening of NH-22 from Jangi to Khab for movement of heavy trailer/machinery Provision of helipad C/O Approach road to Quarry 7/10 mtr wide Strengthening of existing bridges 5 Nos. with average span of 14 Km between Jangi and Khab Total 4 3 2 20 100 Rs. lakh Rs. Lakh Km 24.65 98.60 Km Km Km Mtr. 24.65 24.65 31.80 2.122 73.95 49.30 636.00 212.20

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

6.

100

Mtr.

2.122

212.20

7. 8. 9. 10.

20*

Km

17.25 LS

345.00 100.00 73.95 41.76 1842.96 lakh

3 35*

Km Mtr.

24.65 1.193

* The road distance between Jangi to Khab is about 40 Km. The estimated cost for widening of road and strengthening of bridges (about 5 Nos.) has been equally divided between Khab-I and Khab-II projects.

Annexure XII-R-2 (Page 1 of 2) A. RATES PER KILOMETRE OF ROADS 167


PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


1. 1.1 7/10 mtr. double lane road (Rs in Lacs) Metalled road Widening Cross drainage works Providing and laying 90-40mm Size grade-I soling Metalling and tarring Total 1.2 Un metalled road Widening Cross drainage works Providing and laying 90-40 mm Size grade-I soling Total 2. 2.30 24.65 lacs 18.00 4. 35 2.30 7.15 31.80 lacs 18.00 4.35

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Widening of road from 5/7 mtr wide single lane road to 7/10 mtr wide double lane road Road widening = 18-9 Cross drainage works = 4.35 3.25 Metalling and tarring 3.65 mtr. wide pavement Total 7.15 17.25 lacs 1.10 9.00

Annexure XII- R-2 (Page 2 of 2) B. 1. RATES PER METRE SPAN OF BRIDGES Pre-stressed/steel bridges from 35 to 63 metre span single span or multiple 168
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


thereof. (Rs. In lacs) 7.50 mtrs. clear roadway with foot paths 2% provision for aesthetics, land scaping and hill slope protection on bridge approaches Escalation @ 30% Total 2. R.C.C. bridges from 9.0 mtrs to 22.0 mtrs single span or multiple thereof 7.50 mtrs clear roadway (double lane) 2% provision for aesthetics, land scaping and hill slope protection on bridge approaches Escalation @ 30% Total 0.018 0.918 0.275 1.193 lacs 0.90 0.032 1.632 0.490 2.122 lacs 1.60

satlauja jala ivaVut inagama ilaimaToD

Annexure XII-V-1

V-RECEIPTS AND RECOVERIES


S.NO DESCRIPTION AMOUNT 169
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)
(CHAPTER XII ) .COST ESTIMATES..

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.


RS. IN LACS 1. Credit on account of resale value of temporary buildings 156.61 @ 15% of cost of temporary buildings. ( Refer Annexure XII-K-1 ) = (692.63+187.01+136.45+27.97) 0.15 2. i) Q-Special T&P (Refer Annexure Q-1) Cost recoverable on account of resale value of special T&P other than personal carrier @ 75% of residual value of equipments. = 0.75x (0.25x835.20) ii) Cost recoverable on account resale value of personal carriers @ 20% of capital cost of personal carriers = 0.20x310.75 Total 375.36 Lacs 62.15 156.60

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Annexure XIIE P (Sheet 1 OF 2) COST ESTIMATES OF ELECTRO-MECHANICAL WORKS FOR PRE-FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB-I H.E.P. (450 MW )
Sr.N Description Qty Rate Amount Rs. (Lacs ) Excise duty Rate 6 16% 16% 16% Amount ( Rs Lacs ) 7
8 Total Amount (Rs Lacs )

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1 1 2 3

2 Generating Unit and Bus Duct 150MW, RPM250,Head 170 meter Step up transfomer 11/400 Kv, 65 MVA Single phase Auxilary Electrical Equipment for Power Stations(Except transformer) (5 % of item 1) Auxilary Equipment Services for Power Stations (5 % of item 1) Switchyard (GIS ) 400 kV (a) Spares (5% of 1 and 3% of item 1to 4 )

3 3

20250
Rs 4500/kW

3240 270.4 162

23490 1960.4 1174.5

10

Rs 260/kVA

1690 1012.5

4 5 6

1012.5 8 Rs. 6.0 Crore/Bay 4800 1123.95

16% 22% 16%

162 1056 3834.4

1174.5 5856 4958.35

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(Sheet 2 OF 2)
(b) 3% of item 5 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sub total (1) Central Sales tax**4% of item 1to 6 except item no 5 & 6(b) . Transportation and insurance 6% of item7 Erection and commissioning 8% of item 7 except spares Sub total (2) Establishment , Contingency, other charges 11% of item 7 excluding duties Grand Total 144 30032.95 22% 31.68 8756.48 175.68 38789.43 1310.31 297.501 2692.432 43089.673 3303.6245 46393.30

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Note: * Includes 2 bays at Khab-II power injecting point.

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Annexure XIIE - T

MAIN ABSTRACT OF COST TRANSMISSION LINE


Sr.N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Description Preliminary Works ( Annexure XIIE-T-1 ) Detailed Surveying (Annexure XIIE-T-2) Compensation for land, Trees , Crops, Tree cutting and afforestation (Annexure XIIE-T-3) Transmission Line (Annexure XIIE-T-4) Vehicles and workshop Machinery (Annexure XIIE-T-12) Sub Total- I Contingency @ 3% on Item No.7 Sub Total -II Establishment charges @ 4%, Tools and plants @ 1%, Losses on stock @ 0.25%, Maintenance during construction @ 1 % , Audit and accounts charges @ 1% Total Amount (Rs. in Lac) 6.91 2.61 43.40 1852.39 28.5 1933.81 58.01 1991.83 144.41

10

Grand Total

2136.23

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Annexure XIIE-T -1

COST OF PRELIMARY WORKS


Sr.N 1 Description Cost of temporary sheds and camping equipment (Annexure XIIE-T-1.1) Cost of reconnaisance and preliminary survey ( Annexure XIIE-T-1.2) PTCC Clearance Total Amount in Lacs 6.25

2 3

0.66 -

TOTAL

6.91

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Annexure XIIE-T-1.1 ABSTRACT OF COST FOR TEMPORARY SHEDS AT EACH CAMPING SITE
Sr. N Description Qty Rate Unit Total Amount in Rs. 70000

Temporary sheds of CGI sheets on sides and top with wooden ballies and posts and wooden rafters 1 Swiss Engineer cottage, Engineer tent (3.65 m X 3.65 m) Double ply tents for Labour & Chowkidar Area fencing with angle iron and barbed wire etc. Misc. Tools for setting up of camp Total Cost of Each Camp Number of camps required for surveying the transmission system under Khab-I HEP

100

700

Sq. mtr

5500

No.

5500

3 4

4 1

5500 22000

Nos LS

22000 22000

5 6 7

5500

LS

5500 125000

Total Cost of 5 Camps


Say Rs

625000
6.25 Lac

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Annexure XIIE-T-1.2 ABSTRACT OF COST FOR RECONNAISANCE AND PRELIMINARY SURVEY


Sr.N 1 Description Reconnaisance and Preliminary Survey (Unit 1 km of Length) Surveying Party Surveyer (Regular) Beldar Chowkidar Sub Total Labour for Recon. And Prelim. Survey of 1 km of line Assuming 4 days for 1 km of line and 25 working days in a month c Wooden Pegs Total (b+c) Cost of conducting prelim. Survey per km Line length Cost of conducting prelim. Survey for 20 km of line 16 8 Nos 1 6 2 5000 1850 1850 No No No 5000 11100 3700 19800 Qty Rate Unit Total Amount in Rs

a i) ii) iii) b

3168

128 3296 3296

65920

Say Rs

0.66
Lac

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Annexue XIIE-T-2 COST OF DETAILED SURVEYING OF 400 KV D/C LINE


Sr.N A Description Surveying Party Assuming 4 days for conducting survey of 1 km of line Surveyer (Regular) Beldar ( D/ Wages) Chowkidar (D/ Wages) Sub Total Labour for 4 Days (Assuming 4 days for 1 km and 25 working days in a month) Wooden Pegs Total Stacking( Unit 1 km of line) Surveyer (Regular) Beldar (D/Wages) Chowkidars Sub Total Labour for 4 Days (Assuming 4 days for 1 km and 25 working days in a month) Stone marking pillars Grand Total Transportation, Camp shifting etc. Total (A +B+C) Cost of Detailed Survey of20 km of line 16 8 Nos 1 6 2 5000 1850 1850 No Nos Nos 5000 11100 3700 19800 3168 Qty Rate Unit Total Amount in Rs

i) ii) iii) iv) v)

vi) B I) ii) iii) iv) v)

128 3296

1 12 2

5000 1850 1850

No Nos Nos

5000 22200 3700 30900 4944

vi) C

80

Nos

640 8752 1000 13048 260960

Say Rs

2.61
Lac

Annexure XIIE-T-3 181


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COST OF COMPENSTAION FOR LAND , TREES, CROPS TREE CUTTING AND AFFORSTATION
Sr.N 1 Description Compensation for tree cutting and afforestation Compensation for land falling under the towers and rent for camping site Compensation for damage to crops under the line Total Say Rs Qty 20 Rate 150000 Unit km Total Amount in Rs 3000000

20

50000

km

1000000

20

17000

km

340000

4340000 43.4 Lac

Annexure XIIE-T4 ESTIMATE FOR CONSTRUCTION OF 400 KV D/C LINES UP TO KHAB -II HEP
Sr.N 1 Description 400 KV D/C line from KHAB-I HEP to KHAB -II HEP (Annexure XIIE-T-5) Retaining Walls Benching for towers Qty 20 Rate 67.62 Unit km Amount in Lac 1352.39

2 3

L.S. L.S.

400 100

Total

1852.39

Annexure XIIE-T-5

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BREAKUP ESTIMATE FOR 1 km OF 400 KV D/C LINE


Conductor Size= Earth wire Size=
Sr.N 1 i) ii) iii) 2 i) ii) 3 i) ii) 4 i) ii) 5 i) ii) 6 Groundwire Allowing 1.5% for sag and wastage Grond wire Accessories (Annexure XIIE-T -9) INSULATORS (Annexure XIIET-10) Pilot strings Tension INSULATORS HARDWARE (Annexure XIIE-T-10) Pilot strings Tension Foundation concrete (sand,bajri and cement) Sub Total Transportation @ 6%, Insurance @ 1% and CST @ 4% (Total 11% on item 1 to 6) Erection Charges(Annexure XIIE-T-11) Grand Total Rs 2.03 30000 Km 60900 7747.25 Conductor (Allowing 1.5% for sag and wastage) Conductor Accessories (Annexure XIIE-T-8) 12.18 180000 Km 2192400 63796 Steel for towers (Prefabricated 56.6685 galvanised) Annexure XIIE-T-6 Nuts and Bolts( Annexure XIIE-T-6) Tower accessories (Annexure XIIE-T-7) 2.833425 31000 60000 MT MT 1756723.5 170005.5 13845 Item Qty Rate

ASCR "SNOW BIRD" 7/3.66 mm G.S.


Unit Amount in Rs

39.1 1076.4

280 1000

Nos Nos

10948 1076400

1.7 23.4 1

3000 10000 500000

Set Set Km

5100 234000 500000 6091865.25 670105.1775

21,30,000 6761970.428 67.62 lac

Annexure XIIE-T6 183


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AMOUNT OF STEEL REQUIRED PER km FOR 400kV D/C (DOUBLE SNOWBIRD BUNDLE) TRANSMISSION LINE (SNOW ZONE)
Sr.No. 1 Tower Extn. Tower type/extn. C 3 mtr 6 mtr 9 mtr Weight of Tower/Extn. Number of Towers/Extn 16 1 2 Total weight (MT) 304 1.52 9.8 0 315.32 286 4.72 9.32 22 322.04 480 3.21 12.8 496.01 1133.37 56.6685 2.833425

19 1.52 4.9 6.42 Total for C Tower D 26 Extn. 3 mtr 2.36 6 mtr 9.32 9 mtr 11 Total for D Tower E 40 Extn. 3 mtr 3.21 6 mtr 12.8 Total for E Total for 20 km of Line Total for 1 km of line Nuts and Bolts for 1 km of line (5% of tower Steel)

11 2 1 2 12 1 1

Annexure XIIE-T--7 184


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Tower fixture for 400 kv D/C line


Sr.No. Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 Earthing Set Danger Plate Number Plate Phase Plate Anti Climbing Devices Circuit Plate Total cost Per 20 km 7 Cost Per km Qty 39 39 39 78 39 78 Rate 3000 300 300 250 2500 250 Unit Nos Nos Nos Sets Nos Nos Amount in Rs 117000 11700 11700 19500 97500 19500 276900 13845

Annexure XIIE-T-8

CONDUCTOR ACCESSORIES FOR 400 kV D/C LINE


Sr,N 1 Item Spacers with suitable anti abrasion sleeves Rigid spacers for jumpers Mid span compression joints with anti crona fittings Repair sleeves Total Cost Per 10 km Cost of Conductor Accessories per km Qty 600 Rate 850 Unit Nos Amount in Rs 510000

2 3

126 37

750 580

Nos Nos

94500 21460

4 5 6

60

200

Nos

12000 637960 63796

Annexure XIIE-T-9 185


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EARTH WIRE ACCESSORIES FOR 400 kV D/C LINE


Sr,N Item Mid span Compression Joint Assembly Earth wire tenstion clamps Earthwire bounding pieces Vibration Dampers for Earth wire Total Cost per 10 km Cost per km Qty Rate Unit Amount in Rs

1 2 3 4 5 6

2.75 76 76 184

150 300 375 140

Nos Nos Nos Nos

412.5 22800 28500 25760 77473 7747.3

Annexure XIIE-T-10

QUANTITIES OF HARDWARE AND INSULATORS FOR 400 KV D/C LINE


Sr.N 1 No. of Pilot 2 No. of Pilot 3 No. of Pilot (120KN) 4 No. of Pilot 5 6 7 8 9 10 Description String Discs per 20 km (120KN) String Discs per km (120 KN) String Hardware Discs per 20 km String Hardware Discs per km (120KN) Qty 782 39.1 34 1.7 468 46 21528 1076.4 468 23.4 Unit Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos Nos

Number of Tension insulator per 20 km Number of Tension discs per string (210KN) Number of Tension discs per 20 km (210KN) Number of Tension discs per km (210KN) Number of Tension Hardware per 20 km (210KN) Number of Tension Hardware per km (210KN)

Annexure XIIE-T-11

186
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SCHEDULE OF COST ANALYSIS FOR ERECTION CHARGES OF400 kV D/C LINE


Sr.N Item 1 Exacavtion,Backfilling,Concreting I/C De watering etc. Qty Rate Unit Amount (in Rs. Lac) (in Rs. Lac) 1 15 km 15

2 3 4

Erectoin of Towers Stringing of conductor & EW Earthing of towers

1 1 2

2.5 1.8 1

km km Nos

2.5 1.8 2

Erection Charges per km


Rs

21.3
21,30,000

Annexure XIIE-T-12

VEHICLE AND WORKSHOP MACHINERY


Sr.No. Description Qty Unit Rate Amount in Lac

1 2 3 4

7.5 Ton Truck Jeep/Car Maintenance Van Workshop equipment such as Welding set,drilling machine, power hacksaw etc.

2 2 1 1

6 3.5 4.5 LS

Nos Nos Nos

12 7 4.5 5

Total

28.5

187
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) (CHAPTER -XII)Cost Estimates.

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CHAPTER XIII ECONOMIC EVALUATION

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CHAPTER-XIII ECONOMIC EVALUATION

13.1

PHASING OF EXPENDITURE Half yearly phasing of capital outlay of the project amounting to Rs 1504.72 crore corresponding to six years of construction of the project has been worked out in Annexure XIII-1. This amount is inclusive of transmission cost of Rs. 21.36 crore from the Power House of Khab-I to the down stream powerhouse of Khab-II HEP.

13.2

INTEREST DURING CONSTRUCTION (IDC) For IDC calculation, equity to debt ratio has been assumed at 30:70. Rate of interest on debt has been taken as 10% per annum as per CEA Guidelines for preparation of Cost Estimates of Pre-feasibility Report of Hydro Electric Projects, October 2003. Details of IDC calculation are given in Annexures XIII-2. IDC at Bus bar works out to Rs. 282.53 crore.

13.3.

RATE OF DEPRECIATION Rate of depreciation for the project has been worked out according to Indian Electricity Supply Act (1948) as per details given in Annexure XIII-3. Rate of depreciation works out to 2.15 % in respect of Civil Works.

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13.3

COST OF ENERGY GENERATION Levellised tariff has been worked out based on tariff calculations for 35 years with a discounting rate of 12% in Annexures XIII-4 at Bus bar. Return on equity has been assumed 16% per annum and interest on working capital has been assumed 9.75% per annum.. At Bus bar (Rs/Kwh) i) ii) First year sale rate Levellised tariff 2.24 1.76

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Annexure XIII-1 KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT (450 MW)

YEAR- WISE PHASING OF FUNDS In Crore Unit- I Unit -II Unit -III TOTAL Civil Works Production Transmission 1019.43 463.93 21.36 1504.72 Energy Generation in 90% year in Gwh. Sale rate per kwh. 2.75 1551

Year

UNIT- I CIVIL WORKS 2

UNIT- II P-PROD. 3

UNIT- III T-TRANS 4

Amount Rs. in Crore Gener. Gener. & Project Trans Project 5 6

1st

50.97 61.17

0.00 4.64 4.64 4.64 18.56 18.56 41.75 69.59 69.59 69.59 69.59 92.79 2.14 2.14 4.27 4.27 4.27 4.27

50.97 65.81 76.00 86.19 110.31 120.50 143.70 171.53 171.53 171.53 171.53 143.76

50.97 65.81 76.00 86.19 110.31 122.64 145.83 175.80 175.80 175.80 175.80 143.76

2nd

71.36 81.55

3rd

91.75 101.94

4th

101.94 101.94

5th

101.94 101.94

6th

101.94 50.97

Total

1019.43

463.93

21.36

1483.36

1504.72

190
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Annexure XIII-2 KHAB-I HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (450 MW)

Rate of interest:Equity Loan 0.00% 10.00%

Equity/Loan (%) 30% 70%

COST OF THE PROJECT INCLUDING IDC. (At Power House Bus Bar ) Half-Year Phasing of Escalated 3 Equity 30% 4 Equity Op. Bal. 5 Loan 70% 6 Amount Rs. In crore Loan Op. Interest Bal. 7 8

H-1 H-2 H-3 H-4 H-5 H-6 H-7 H-8 H-9 H-10 H-11 H-12

50.97 65.81 76.00 86.19 110.31 120.50 143.70 171.53 171.53 171.53 171.53 143.76

15.29 19.74 22.80 25.86 33.09 36.15 43.11 51.46 51.46 51.46 51.46 43.13

0.00 15.56 36.19 60.66 89.09 125.88 167.07 216.78 276.73 338.77 402.99 469.45 529.77

35.68 46.06 53.20 60.34 77.21 84.35 100.59 120.07 120.07 120.07 120.07 100.63

0.00 36.30 84.44 141.53 207.88 293.72 389.82 505.82 645.69 790.47 940.31 1095.39 1236.12

0.89 2.97 5.55 8.58 12.32 16.79 22.01 28.29 35.29 42.53 50.02 57.29

Total

1483.36

282.53

Hard Cost = IDC = Total =

1483.36 282.53 1765.89

84.0% 16.0%

Loan Equity Total

1236.12 529.77 1765.89

70% 30%

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Annexure XIII-3 KHAB-1 HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT (450 mw)

Detail of Depreciation
Life in years I-CIVIL WORKS Dam Desilting Tanks Intake Head Race Tunnel,Tailrace Tunnel and Outfall Surge Shaft Pressure Shaft and Penstock Power House K-Buildings R-Communication Total Rate of Depreciation (%) 50 50 50 50 35 35 35 50 50 1.95 1.95 1.95 1.95 3.40 3.40 3.40 3.02 3.02 12942.95 19697.70 5637.26 21228.05 1765.39 1968.92 2535.60 3011.11 1842.96 70629.94 252.39 384.11 109.93 413.95 60.02 66.94 86.21 90.94 55.66 1520.14 2.15 % Rate of Dep. Cost. ( Rs Lac.) Dep. ( Rs Lac.)

192
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Annexure XIII-4 KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT (450 MW) CALCULATION OF TARRIF FOR 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR AT BUS BAR Amount in crore Loan = 1236.12 Equity = 529.77 Total Cost 1765.89 Operation Year Equity Repayment 12 0 Interest O&M = Rate 10.00% 1.50% 16.00% Units sold million Interest on Loan Working Capital Int. rate 9.75% requirement 2 months 1512.00 O&M Charges incl. insurance @1 5% 6 26.49 27.81 29.20 30.66 32.20 33.81 35.50 37.27 39.14 41.09 43.15 45.30 47.57 49.95 52.45 55.07 57.82 60.71 63.75 66.93 70.28 73.80 77.49 81.36 85.43 89.70 94.18 98.89 103.84 109.03 114.48 Interest on Total working Annual capital Charges(2 +3+4+5+6 +7) 7 8 5.41 338.57 5.27 329.44 5.12 320.39 4.98 311.40 4.84 302.49 4.70 293.66 4.56 284.91 4.42 276.25 4.28 267.67 4.14 259.19 4.01 250.81 3.88 242.53 2.15 134.48 2.19 136.90 2.23 139.44 2.27 142.10 2.32 144.90 2.36 147.84 2.41 150.92 2.47 154.16 2.52 157.56 2.58 161.13 2.64 164.88 2.70 168.82 2.77 172.96 2.83 177.30 2.91 181.85 2.98 186.64 3.06 191.66 3.15 196.94 3.24 202.48 Units sold Tariff in million Rs./ Unit Units sold.(Col. 8/Col.9) 9 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 10 2.24 2.18 2.12 2.06 2.00 1.94 1.88 1.83 1.77 1.71 1.66 1.60 0.89 0.91 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.07 1.09 1.12 1.14 1.17 1.20 1.23 1.27 1.30 1.34

Loan Return on Repaymen Equity t 3 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76

1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

5 118.89 108.59 98.29 87.99 77.69 67.39 57.08 46.78 36.48 26.18 15.88 5.58 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

193
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Form No.CEA/E&C/F&CA/1001 FINANCIAL PACKAGE SUMMARY At bus bar 1 Name of the Project KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT

Capacity (MW)

450

Capital Cost of Project

Rs.

1765.89 Crore

Indian Name of currency Amount Ex. Rate & date 1 i) Hard cost.i.e. cost excluding IDC & financing fees/charges. 0 0 0 0 1483.36 2 3 4 Equiv. Indian Rs.in crore Component 5

Total Rs.in crore

(4+5) 6

1483.36

ii) Intrest during construction.

282.53

282.53

iii) Financing fee/charges.

Total :

1765.89

1765.89

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Form No. CEA/E&C/F&CA/1002

FINANCIAL PACKAGE SUMMARY


At bus bar 1 Name of the Project KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT

Capacity (MW)

450

Financial structure.

70% Loan and 30% Equity

Foreign Currency Component Sr. Name/ Source of Debt No. financing Name of currency Amount Ex. Rate & date 1 2 3 4 Equiv. Indian

Indian Rs.in crore Component 5

Total Rs.in crore

% of total Debt+ Equity

Debt financing

i) Equity

Indian Rs.

0.00

0.00

ii) Loan

Indian Rs.

1236.12

1236.12

70

Total Debt

1236.12

1236.12

70

Equity Fiancing

i) Promoters equity

529.77

529.77

30

ii) Other equity (Please give details)

iii)

Total equity

529.77

529.77

30

3 Total Debt + Equity

1765.89

1765.89

100

195
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FORM No. CEA/E&C/F&CA/1003 FINANCIAL PACKAGE DETAILS At bus bar 1 2 Name of Project Capacity (MW) KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT 450 PACKAGE I 3 a) b) c) Items Name/source of debt Amount in Crore Interest rate I) Fixed ii) Floating Repayment period Moratorium period Up front charges i) Closing fee ii) Lawyer's fee iii) Bank Engineer's fee iv) Syndicate charges v) Financial advisor 's fee vi)Any other charges (please specify) Commitment charges/ Undisbursed amount fee Guarantee fee I) Equity raising charges ii) Lead Manager's fee iii) Underwriting charges Any other fee/charges Not covered(Please specify) Equity 30% 529.77 Loan 70% 1236.12 ii

0.00%

10.00%

d) e) f)

12 years -

g)

h) I)

j)

Total Rs. in crore 529.77 1236.12 * Submit separate sheet with detailed calculation for guarantee fee and commitment fee.

Note The above details should also be supported by the documents/commitment letters from tenderers.

196
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Form No. CEA/E&C/F&CA/1004 Phasing of Expenditure & Drawl of funds statement At bus bar Phasing of Hard Cost Expenditure (% of total Hard cost in crore) Amount Rs. In crore 10 11 12

Period /years

Total

1. Hard cost Expenditure Half yearly 50.97 65.81 2.Drawl of funds for Hard cost Equity 30% 15.29 19.74 Loan 70% 35.68 46.06

76.00

86.19 110.3 120.5 143.7 171.53 171.5

171.5

171.5 143.8 1483.36

22.80 53.20

25.86 60.34

33.1 36.15 43.11 77.2 84.4 100.6

51.46 51.46 120.1 120.1

51.46 120.1

51.46 43.13

445.01

120.1 100.6 1038.35

3.Financial Charges(FC) liable on : Equity Loan 4. IDC Equity Loan -

0.27 0.62

0.89 2.08

1.67 3.89

2.58 6.01

3.70

5.04

6.60

8.49 10.59 19.80 24.70

12.76 29.77

15.01 17.19 35.01 40.10

84.76 197.77 282.53

8.63 11.76 15.40

5. Drawl of funds of IDC and FC only Equity 0.27 0.89 Loan 0.62 2.08

1.67 3.89

2.58 6.01

3.70

5.04

6.60

8.49 10.59 19.80 24.70

12.76 29.77

15.01 17.19 35.01 40.10

84.76 197.77

8.63 11.76 15.40

6. Final phasing of funds (2+5) Equity 15.56 20.63 Loan 36.30 48.14

24.47 57.09

28.43 36.79 66.35 85.8

41.2 49.71 96.1 116.0

59.95 62.05 139.9 144.8 Total

64.22 149.8

66.46 60.31

529.77

155.1 140.7 1236.12 1765.89

197
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APPENDIX A PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS

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S. Append. No. No.


1. A-1

satlauja jala DESCRIPTION ilaimaToD, No. ivaVut inagama PAGE


RIVER DIVERSION ARRANGEMENT [DIVERSION TUNNEL & COFFER DAMS - (U/S & D/S)]. SIZE OF RIVER SLUICES IN DAM BODY. DESIGN OF INTAKE AND FIXATION OF MDDL.. HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF DESILTING CHAMBER. ECONOMIC & ACTUAL DIAMETER OF TUNNEL. 198 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 201 202

INDEX (APPENDIX -A)

2. 3. 4. 5.

203 205

6.

A-6

HEAD LOSSES IN WATER CONDUCTOR SYSTEM UPTO SURGE SHAFT. DIMENSIONS OF SURGE TANK. DIA OF PRESSURE SHAFT & TRIFURCATION. TAIL WATER LEVEL & LEVELS OF PERIPHERY WALL OF OUTFALL.

205

7. 8. 9.

A-7 A-8 A-9

206 211 211

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10. 11. A-10 A-11 DESIGN OF TRT OUTFALL/ INTAKE OF KHAB II. FRANCIS TURBINE PARAMETERS. 212 218

A.1.

RIVER DIVERSION ARRANGEMENT

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The construction of gravity dam shall be done every year during lean flow period i.e. during the month of Oct to April which is also the construction season for dam site. For the construction of concrete dam there is least risk involved if the dam is toppled by flood water during construction. A design flood of frequency in 25 years or 3 to 5 times the estimated construction period can be taken for design of diversion works for concrete dams.. The construction period of 6 years has been taken for the project. The 10 daily discharge data for 31 years is available and is given as Annex V-I. The observed max average 10 daily discharges during lean period (Nov- I to April- II) and the max flows for this period computed from observed maximum average 10 daily discharges are given below:
MAXIMUM DISCHARGE COMPUTED FOR LEAN PERIOD (NOV-I TO APRILII)

YEAR

MAX 10 DAILY AVERAGE DISCHARGE OBSERVED AT KHAB DURING NOV-I TO APRILII.

MAX. DAILY DISCHARGE. (COL. 2/0.67)

1 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

2 67 135 79 93 62 94 85 151 97 91 99 106 60 60 58 76 148 64 139 167

3 100.00 201.49 117.91 138.81 92.54 140.30 126.87 225.37 144.78 135.82 147.76 158.21 89.55 89.55 86.57 113.43 220.90 95.52 207.46 249.25

198
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132 105 107 79 99 52 71 108 56 49 39

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

197.01 156.72 159.70 117.91 147.76 77.61 105.97 161.19 83.58 73.13 58.21

A.1.1. DIRVERSION TUNNEL From above, 31 years Max. discharge (computed) = Say 249.25 250 cumecs

The tunnel shall be free flowing. The slope of tunnel shall be equal to the average river bed slope near dam which is 1 in 167. The tunnel shall be lined upto 4 m height and water depth shall also be maintained upto 4 m depth Area of flow, A = 8x4 = 32 sq.m = 2x4+8= 16m = A/P = 32 = 2 16 = 1/nR S = x (2) x 1/167 1 0.014 = 8.77 m/Sec. [The velocity allowed in lined diversion tunnel is even more than 25 m/sec e.g. at Bhakra it was 48m/sec]

Wetted perimeter, P R Velocity v

Discharge

= 8.77x32 = 280.6 cumecs

which is more than 250 cumecs Average river slope = 1 in 167 199
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Bed level at dam site =

2544m

Bed level at diversion site (about 200 m/s) = 2544+1 x200 167 = 2545.20n

Therefore, Sill level of intake of diversion tunnel = 2545.20m

A.I.2 A.I.2.1.

COFFER DAMS UPSTREAM COFFER DAM

The up stream coffer is located at 200m u/s of dam axis. Lean period Design flood = 250 cumecs Minimum depth of coffer dam shall be kept as 4 m which is also the depth of flow in tunnel. It is clear from G-D curve at diversion site ( Annex D1 ) a depth of 4 m shall be able to pass discharge of about 600 m which is far more than construction period design flood. Free Board above the max water level Bottom level of u/s coffer dam Top level of u/s coffer dam = 1.5 m. = 2545.20m = 2545.20 + 4+1.5 = 2550.70m.

A.I.2.2

DOWN STREAM COFFER DAM

As the same river X-Sect. has been assumed at the exit of diversion tunnel, the d/s coffer dam shall also be 4 m high. The D/S coffer dam is located 150m d/s of dam axis. The bottom level of coffer dam = 2544 -1 x150 = 2543.10m 167

Top level = 2543.10 + 4+1.5 = 2548.60m The river diversion scheme is shown in drawing No. KB-I-PFR-4.

A.2

SIZE OF RIVER SLUICES IN DAM BODY. 200

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5 No sluices are provided in the central 5 blocks of the dam with the purpose to wash the deposition U/S of the dam. They shall also pass the 10,000 years designs flood of 5600 cumecs. These blocks sluices cover the total width of river. The bottom profile has been given the Ogee shape. The energy dissipation arrangement consists of ski-jump type bucket. The water jet shall fall in preformed plunge pool at the d/s of the dam. The general river bed level at dam site =2544.0m.

The sill of sluices has been kept 6.50 above river bed level with a view to keep the bucket of energy dissipation arrangement free from the back water effect of plunge pool. Sill level of sluices Size of opening EL of centre line of opening FRL Head above EL of opening h = = = = = = 2550.50m . 6.5(h) x 8.5m (W). 2573.75m. 2592m. 2592-2573.75 38.25m. CdA(2gh)1/2 0.8 55.25 sq m.

Discharge Q through one opening = Cd A Q = coefficient of discharge = = 6.5 x 8.5 = =

0.8 x 55.25 x (2x9.81x38.25) =1210.84 cumecs

Total discharge through 5 openings =5x1210.84 =6054 cumecs. which is more than5600 cumecs (10,000 years flood). Hence 8.5m wide & 6.5m high opening shall pass the design flood.

A.3

DESIGN OF INTAKE AND FIXATION OF MDDL

The intake tunnels, 3 nos. shall draw 367.50 cumecs of discharge. The gate openings have been kept as 6m (W) x 5.25 m (h) 201
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Area of each gate opening velocity Area of 6m horse shoe section

= = = = = =

6 x 5.25 367.5 3 x 31.5 0.834 D 0.834 x 6 30.024 sq. m 367.5 3x30

= 31.5 sq. m. = 3.88 m/sec

Velocity in horse shoe sect.

= 4.08 m/sec.

The sill level is fixed 4.5m higher than the sluices level to avoid entry of bed load into the intake tunnels. Sill level of sluices The sill level of intake = = = 2550.50 m 2550.5 + 4.5 2555m.

Minimum submergence S required above the crown to avoid vortex formation = av d (ref. P-72 High head plant, vol-II/A by Emil mosonyi) Where a v d S = coefficient = 0.725 = 3.88 m/sec = 5.25 = 0.725 x 3.88 x (5.25)1/2 = 6.44m = 2555+ 5.25 + 6.44 = 2566.69m

Min. submerge level above sill

The MDDL has been kept as 2568m which is higher than the min submergence level required as above and which also meets the USBR requirement of water cushion of 0.3 he above the bell mouth defined by

x2 / h2 + y2 / ( 0.4286 h )2 = 1 202
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where h = he = height of gate opening = 5.25m height at entrance = 7.50m

A.4

HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF DESILTING CHAMBERS


HYDRAULIC DESIGN OF DESILTING CHAMBERS ( REF. CHAPTER 78 VOL TWO/A OF HIGH HEAD PLANT BY EMIL MOSONYI ) DESIGN DISCHARGE ( cumecs) = FLUSHING DISCHARGE (cumecs) = TOTAL DISCHARGE (cumecs) = AVERAGE DISCHARGE (cumecs) = (TOTAL DISCHARGE + DESIGN DISCHARGE) / 2 294.00 73.50 367.50 330.75

PARTICLE SIZE TO BE REMOVED (mm) = NUMBER OF DESILTING CHAMBERS =

0.20mm 3 357.163m2

CROSS SECTION AREA OF ONE CHAMBER (sq. mtr.) = LENGTH OF CHAMBER L = h v / ( w-w1) = = = = L =

h (water depth in desilting chamber) ..(mtrs) v ( flow through velocity) w (settling velocity - mtr /sec ) w1 = v = (0.132 / h 1/2) X v LENGTH OF CHAMBER (mtr)

27.5m 0.3087m/sec 0.026m/sec 0.0078m/sec 465.65m

PROVIDING SOME ALLOWANCE AT ENTRY AND OUTLET, A LENGTH OF 475m HAS BEEN KEPT FOR EACH CHAMBER OF DESILTING CHAMBER.

203
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EFFICIENCY:-

L=2*v2(h1/2-0.2)2/(7.51*w2) = 1.0683 94 %

FOR =1.0683 EFFICIENCY ( ) (REF PAGE 25 OF ABOVE MENTIONED BOOK) =

4500

15000 16000 27500

AREA = 357.163

6500

1500 3000

A.5

ECONOMICAL & ACTUAL DIAMETER OF TUNNEL

ANNUAL EXPENDITURE as % OF CAPITAL COST- (a) = = COST OF EXCAVATION (Ce) - Rs COST OF LINING (Cl) - Rs = DISCHARGE THROUGH TUNNEL (Q) -CUMECS =
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX A..(PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS).

1000 4716 294 204

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= = = =

COEFFICIENT OF RUGOSITY (N) EFFICIENCY OF GENERATION (n) -% SELLING RATE PER UNIT (Co) -Rs ECONOMICAL DIAMETER OF TUNNEL (mts) Velocity corresponding to dia of 7.05, V

0.014 92 2.5 7.05

= 294/(/4 x 7.052) = 7.5315 m/sec.

The actual dia has been kept to keep velocity equal or less than 5m/sec. For 9 m dia. V = 294/(/4 x 92) = 4.62m/sec

The velocity at 10% load = 294 x 1.1 / (/4 x 92) = 5.07m/sec Therefore tunnel dia. has been kept as 9 m.

A.6

HEAD LOSSES UPTO SURGE SHAFT. = = = = = = 450 92 170 294 4.6 9.01 8400 0 8400 0.014 2.25 11.73 0.074 0.08 205

POWER (MW) EFFICIENCY HEAD DISCHARGE (M3) VELOCITY (mtr/sec) TUNNEL DIA (mtrs) (Q=AV)

TUNNEL Length (mtrs) = CURVED LENGTH = STRAIGHT LENGTH = RUGOSITY COEFFICENT = HYDRAULIC RADIUS = HEAD LOSS STRAIGHT = HEAD LOSS COEFFICENT = HEAD LOSS CURVED =

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TUNNEL LOSSES (mtrs)

= Say 12m

11.81

Other losses: (ENTRANCE, TRASH RACK, INTAKE TUNNELS DESILTING CHAMBERS, OUTLET TUNNELS, INLET TRANSITIONS U/S OF DESILTING CHAMBERS ETC.) TOTAL LOSSES

7m --------19m ---------

A.7.

DIMENSIONS OF SURGE TANK.

A.7.1 LIMIT CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA & ACTUAL AREA PROVIDED. According to Thoma, for stability conditions of surge system, the limit x-sectional area of surge tanks with small amplitude is given as:

FC (THOMA)

nlf / 2gHO

[ REF P-197, HIGH HEAD PLANT VOL 1A, EMIL MOSONYI] 1.5 8400 m 63.61 m2

WHERE

n l f d Q v HO

= FOS =length of tunnel = area of x-section of tunnel (/4 x 92 ) = constant = y/v2 = dia. of tunnel = discharge = Q/f = 294/63.61

= = =

= = =

9m 294 cumecs. 4.62 m/sec.

= net head = gross head head losses upto surge tank (y) = 189-19 = 180 m y (m) Ho v = q/f = y/v2 F (m2) Dia of surge 206

f = /4 x d2 (m2)

H (m)

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63.61

189 19

180

4.62

0.89

269.99

tank (m) 18.54

For great amplitudes, Thoma formula modified by Charles Jalger gives the critical area as defined below Fcm where n* ymax = n*1f / 2gHO = 1 + 0.482 ymax,/ Ho = v0 (lf/gF)

the other terms are already defined above. Trial value of dia of surge tank 16.65

Fcm

V0=Q/f

ymax

n*

Fcm (computed) (m2) 217.289

Dia (computed ) (m) 16.63

217.73

4.62

73.07

1.207

To reduce the amplitude & the height of surge tank, surge tank of 30 m dia. has been proposed. The actual size shall however be finalised after conducting the model studies. Height of surge shaft Max up surge = ymax = = v0 (lf/gF) 4.62 (8400 x 63.61) /(9.81 x /4 x 302)

= 40.55 m say 41 m. ymax is measured from initial steady state. FRL = 2592 = 2592-19 = 2573 + 41 = 2573 m = 2614 m 207
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Water level at surge tank at steady state Max. up surge level

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Lowest down surge It is assumed that the full load shall be accepted when the reservoir is at FRL. For preliminary calculations , the amplitude for max. down surge is assumed the same as for max.up surge. The amplitude for max. down surge is measured from initial static level i.e. FRL. Initial static level = 2592 m Lowest down surge level = 2592 41 = 2551 m A.7.2 Height of Surge tank is kept as 82.50m as calculated below : Max. up surge Free board = = 2614m 5m. 7.5m 2614 + 5 + 7.5 2551.00m 2m 5m. 2551 2 5 2544m 2626.50 2544 82.5m = 2626.50m.

Height of adit at top of shaft = Crown level Lowest down surge = =

Margin below bottom of shaft = Height of connecting shaft above crown of tunnel Bottom of surge tank Height of surge shaft ( including communicating shaft) = = = = =

208
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APPROACH LEVEL EL 2619.00

EL 2626.50 MAX. UP SURGE LEVEL EL 2614.00 (FULL LOAD REJECTION) LEVEL AT FRL 2592.00 (INITIAL STATIC LEVEL) LOWEST DOWN SURGE LEVEL 2551.00 ( FULL LOAD ACCEPTANCE AT FRL )

SURGE SHAFT LEVEL 2573.00 (INITIAL STEADY STATE AT FULL LOAD)

EL. 2549.00 EL. 2544.00


33800

PRESSURE SHAFT

INTERSECTION LEVEL 2539.50 VALVE HOUSE (24 M X 9.5 M X 16 M)

A.7.3 SIZE OF ORIFICE. ( Ref IS: 7396 Part I ) 1985 Clause 5.5.3 )

hor where hor Qd Ao Cd

Qd2 / ( Cd2 Ao2 2g )

= = = = = =

Head loss in orifice Max. discharge through turbines 294 cumecs Area of orifice Coefficent of discharge ( varies from 0.6 to 0.9 ) 0.75 2942 / ( 0.752 Ao2 2 x 9.81 ) 7832 / Ao2 209

hor

= =

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Z* / 2 + 1/4 hf Where hor Z* / 2 + 3/4 hf

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Z*

= = =

surge height corresponding to change in discharge neglecting friction and orifice loss. vo ( L /g ) x (At / As ) 4.62 ( 8400 / 9.81 ) x ( 63.62 / 706.85 ) 40.55 m 19 m

hf

= =

( 40.55 / 2 ) + ( 1/4 x 19 ) 7832 / Ao2 ( 40.55 / 2 ) + ( 3/4 x 19 ) 33.42 7832 / Ao2 42.92 By trial orifice dia. as 4.25 m satisfies the above equation Ao Ao 2 = = = /4 x 4.252 14.18m2 201.24m2

33.42 7832 / 201.24 42.92 33.42 38.92 42.92 dia of orifice has therefore been kept as 4.25m.

A.8

DIA OF PRESSURE SHAFTS & TRIFURCATION.

A.8.1 PRESSURE SHAFT . 210


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Limiting velocity (assumed ) =9m/sec. Design Discharge =294 cumecs After adding 10% for over loading ,Q=323.4 cumecs. Dia of pressure shaft /4 x d2 x 9 d =323.4 =6.76m.

A.8.2 Trifurcation No of branches Dia of branches /4 x dx 9 d = = 323.4 /3 3.9m = 3.

The pressure shaft & branches shall be made of ASTM 517/537 of thickness varying from 20mm (upper reaches) to 40mm (Near Power House).

A.9

TAIL WATER LEVEL & LEVELS OF PERIPHERY WALL OF OUTFALL.

A.9.1 TAIL WATER LEVEL : The river bed at Power House site is at EL 2399m. From the Gaugedischarge relationship at P.H. site (Annex- D3) It is clear that in a depth of about 4m, a discharge of 600 cumecs. passes through the river. All the machines working at full load shall utilize a discharge of 294 cumecs and at 10% overload, the discharge required would be about 323 cumecs. The discharge even can go upto about 341 cumecs for full generation when the water level is near MDDL. The above said range of discharges shall be available during monsoon period i.e. May to Sep, during which period the most of the time discharges in the river shall be near or above 600 cumecs, and most of the time the water level shall be near 2403 m in the river. This water level has therefore, been considered as TWL and has been proposed to be maintained by providing a gated broad crested weir on the outfall arrangement with sill level at El 2399m. The opening size has been kept as 4m(h) x 7m(w). The water level at 294 cumec discharge will be at El 2403.00m (2399m + 4m ).

A.9.2 TOP LEVEL OF WALL SEPARATING OUT FALL WORKS FROM RIVER AND TOP LEVEL OF PIERS OF OUTFALL WORKS. 211
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The 10,000 years flood has been estimated as 5600 cumecs as discussed under Para 5.6. The G & D at Power house site Annex D3 indicates a depth of about 10.0m passing a discharge of about 5600. Top level of wall =Bed level+10.0 +FB =2399 + 10.0 + 4.5 =2414.00.

The top of the periphery wall along river separating outfall structure, top of piers of outfall & deck of intake of Khab-II shall be kept at El. 2414.00m.

A.10. DESIGN OF TRT OUTFALL/INTAKE OF KHAB-II A.10.1 OUTFALL Design discharge Add 10% for overloading of machines = = Say 294 cumecs 323.4 cumecs. 324 cumecs.

TWL = 2403m. The outfall crest is provided as 6m wide & acts as broad crested weir. No. of bays Clear water way of each bay Total clear water way For Broad crested weir, discharge Where L N for for Q H Q H Q = = = = = = = = = = = Q = 4 (3 piers) 7m. 4 x 7 = 28m 1.705 (L-0.1 NH) H/

Clear water way No. of end contraction = 6(Assuming end contraction for abutment to be suppressed) 1.705 (28-0.1 x6 x h) h/ 3.75m. 1.705 (28-0.1 x 6 x3.75) x3.75/ 318.8 cumecs 4m, 349 cumecs

Which is more than 324 cumecs. (10% overload ) The sill level of opening = 2403-4.0 =2399m 212
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The opening size of 4x7m has been provided which shall also be able to pass the discharge 341 when the machines shall be working at full load under low head (near MDDL) condition. The top of the structure on the periphery has been kept at 2414.00m corresponding to 10,000 years flood of 5600 cumecs. The sloping glacis has been provided IV: 3H slope which shall be joined to river.

A.10.2 KHAB-II INTAKE The Intake tunnel 3 No shall draw 294 cumecs of discharge. The gate opening have been kept as 6 m (W) x 5.25m (H) Area of each gate velocity = 6 x 5.25 = 31.5 sq. m = 294 /(3 x 31.5) = 3.11

area of 6m Horse shoe section= 0.834 D2 = 0.834 x 62 = 30.024 sq. m velocity in horse shoe sec. = 294 / (3 x 30.024) = 3.26 m/s

INTAKE SILL LEVEL Sill level of outfall weir MDDL for Khab-II intake = 2399m = 2399m

213
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submergence S above top of intake tunnel S a = coefficient d S Intake silt level = av d = 0.725 = 5.25m = 0.725 x 3.11 x 5.25 = 5.166m = 2499-5.166-5.25 = 2488.64m

The Intake sill has been kept at El. 2488.30m

214
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX A..(PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS).

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KHAB -I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


GAUGE- DISCHARGE CURVE AT U/S OF COFFER DAM (EL. 2545.20)
2556.20
FLOW DEPTH ( WATER LEVEL)

ANNEX -D1

2554.20

2552.20

2550.20

2548.20

2546.20 26.4 82.3 161.4 261.4 381.0 519.6 610.8 747.9 931.0 1445.0 2347.6 3420.2 4658.2 6051.5

DISCHARGE (CUMECS)

215
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX A (PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS.)

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KHAB -I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


GAUGE- DISCHARGE CURVE AT D/S OF COFFER DAM. (EL. 2543.10)
2554.00
FLOW DEPTH ( WATER LEVEL)

ANNEX -D2

2552.00

2550.00

2548.00

2546.00

2544.00 26.4 82.3 161.4 261.4 381.0 519.6 610.8 747.9 931.0 1445.0 2347.6 3420.2 4658.2 6051.5

DISCHARGE (CUMECS)

216
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX A (PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS.)

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KHAB -I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT


GAUGE- DISCHARGE CURVE AT POWER HOUSE SITE (EL. 2399.00)
2410
FLOW DEPTH ( WATER LEVEL)

ANNEX -D3

2408

2406

2404

2402

2400 26.4 82.3 161.4 261.4 381.0 519.6 610.8 747.9 931.0 1445.0 2347.6 3420.2 4658.2 6051.5

DISCHARGE (CUMECS)

217
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX A (PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS.)

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A.11.1

FRANCIS TURBINE PARAMETERS


Net Head= Design= Discharge Capacity= As per USBR-20 Trial specific speed= Ns" Trial Rotational speed= N" Approx. No. of Poles= 179.01 240.26 24.97 rpm rpm 170 98 150000 metres cumecs KW Heightof = 2396.5 Power House Max.Temp= of stream water 10 mts. Deg.C 209172.201 0.23

Nearest even number= Next lower option= Next Upper Option= A: Synchronous speed= B: Next Higher speed= C: Next Lower speed=

24 22 26 250.00 272.73 230.77

rpm rpm rpm Case C _________________ 171.94 rpm 0.66 3.17 mts 0.09 170 mts 7.729844 mts 0.125 mts 7.60 mts -8.05 mts 0.78 mts -7.27 mts

Specific speed,Ns= Phi3 D3 Cavitation Factor=

= = Hcr= Ha= Hv= Hb= Hs= b= Z= Draft Head

Case A Case B _______________ _________________ 186.26 rpm 203.20 rpm 0.70 0.74 3.09 mts 3.00 mts 0.11 0.12 170 mts 170 mts 7.730 mts 7.730 mts 0.125 mts 0.125 mts 7.60 mts 7.60 mts -10.25 mts -12.98 mts 0.71 mts 0.63 mts ***************************************************************** -9.54 mts -12.36 mts ************************************************************************

218
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX A (PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS.)

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A.11.2

RUNNER DIMENSIONS

Case A Case B Case C ___________________________________________________________________ ___________ _______________________________ _______________ D3= 3.09 D2= 3.09 D1= 3.27 Dm= 3.43 mts. mts. mts. mts. 3.00 3.00 3.05 3.28 mts. mts. mts. mts. 3.17 3.17 3.47 3.57 mts. mts. mts. mts.

A.11.3

SPIRAL CASE DIMENSIONS


_____________________________ Case C mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. 4.51 3.74 6.42 5.87 5.17 4.33 5.76 5.00 4.20 3.59 3.13 2.53 1.85 2.25 1.11 mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts. mts.

_____________________________

Case A Case B _____________________________ ____________________________________________ A= 4.33 mts. 4.13 B= 3.58 mts. 3.42 E= 6.17 mts. 5.91 F= 5.63 mts. 5.36 G= 4.96 mts. 4.73 J= 4.09 mts. 3.83 O= 5.52 mts. 5.27 K= 4.75 mts. 4.49 Dg= 3.97 mts. 3.72 X1= 3.43 mts. 3.26 X2= 3.00 mts. 2.86 X3= 2.42 mts. 2.30 X4= 1.78 mts. 1.69 M= 2.23 mts. 2.21 N= 1.10 mts. 1.09 **********************************************************************

219
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX A (PRELIMINARY DESIGN COMPUTATIONS.)

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APPENDIX B. FURTHER STUDIES & DATA COLLECTION FOR DPR.

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Appendix -B

FURTHER STUDIES AND DATA COLLECTION FOR DPR


The data required and further studies to be carried out for DPR stage of the project are covered in brief in succeeding paragraphs:

1.

TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEYS

Presently the topographic survey of the project area is not available. SOI has categorized the sheets covering the project area as restricted / Secret maps, as the project areas are bordering Tibet. Moreover these maps are not available with SOI as also informed by SOI vide their BD invoice dated 22.9.03. It is therefore necessary that the detailed topographic Survey of the project area, at least, upto elevation of river bed at International border be carried out and topo sheets prepared at different scales and contour internals as required for planning of a Hydroelectric Project. For marking the various structures of the scheme with various alternative locations and alignments for further studies and for optimisation of scheme.

2.

STORAGE V/S RUN-OF-RIVER SCHEME AND DAM HEIGHT

On the limited data available and generated after site visits to the project area, a run-of-river scheme with installed capacity of 450MW has been proposed. However CEA in its ranking study proposed a storage scheme ahead fixed the capacity as 1640MW. This calls for detailed area- capacity studies to be carried on the basis of topographic data, various dam heights, compensation for submerged area (Forest, land) and R&R measures etc. The maximum water level thus fixed should not submerge the Tibetian land and generation should be cheaper than other alternatives. Dam height thus shall be governed whether the scheme operates as storage or run-of-river. For ROR scheme the height of dam required should be such that storage created is sufficient to operate the scheme as peaking station for the duration warranted by grid load pattern.

3.

GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS 220

PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

APPENDIX B FURTHER STUDIES.

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Most of the components like intake tunnels, desilting chambers, HRT, Surge Shaft, Pressure Shaft, power House, Transformer hall, TRT etc. shall be underground. It will therefore be prudent to carryout detailed geological investigations for the above named structures to find the various geological features/ parameters which shall enable to fix the location of the various structures of the project after studying the merits/demerits of various alternatives. Since the particular type of geology encountered shall have impact on the construction schedule/cost of the project, the geological investigation should therefore be carried out extensively especially for dam foundation to know the overburden depth to planexcavation in limited working season and along tunnel route to know the quality of rock. Similarly, the location and orientation of PH coverns and Desilting chambers may also effect the cost and the schedule of the Project.

GSI COMMENTS ON GEOLOGY i) Dam at 310 m downstream of confluence at Khab The GSI has commented in their report (Chapter-IV Topographic and Geo-Technical aspects) that the dam site may be shifted by 60-80 m upstream of present proposed location to avoid thick overburden material present immediately downstream of the proposed dam axis. ii) Tunnel alignment for Khab-II GSI has suggested that without any geological disadvantage, the tunnel for Khab-II can be aligned on right bank. SJVN has presently proposed the tunnel on left bank. The above suggestions of the GSI shall be taken care during investigation for the preparation of DPR.

4.

DISCHARGE SITES 221

PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.)

APPENDIX B FURTHER STUDIES.

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Since the catchment receives least rain, the water availability is determined basically from the observed discharge of the stream. The present discharge sites located at the confluence of river Satluj and Spiti are likely to be submerged with the raising of dam. New discharge sites shall therefore need to be established sufficiently upstream of present site so that the inflows even after the dam construction are observed on both the rivers (Spiti & Satluj) upstream of Khab. Similarly discharge sites on other un-gauged tributaries like Shyaso and Tagla etc., whose water can possibility be used either in Khab-I or Khab II should also be established.

5.

MATERIAL SURVEY

Cement concrete and shot-crete shall be used in bulk. Survey for locating quarries (Rock or river bed material) to make the raw materials like sand and coarse aggregate available for production of concrete and shotcrete should be carried out. The quarries should be such that they are capable of supplying the desired quantity of the material with assured quality. The survey should also indicate the places where from stones for masonry work can be produced.

6.

SUBMERGENCE OF LAND/FOREST ITS ACQUISITION, R&R PROGRAMME AND ENVIRONMENT IMPACTS

After the dam height is decided the likely submergence of land its ownership, compensation package, forest land, no: of families being displaced and their resettlement & rehabilitation programme along with environmental impact should be worked out. Necessary action with different authorities should be initiated for acquisition of land , quarries etc., immediately as this is a very time consuming process. 7. HYDRAULIC MODEL STUDIES

The sizes of various structures proposed in the PFR need to be finalised after checking the efficancy of the structures on the hydrologic modellling . these studies need to be carried on dam and intake arrangement, desilting, energy dissipation in dam, transient analysis etc. as the model studies shall be extensive and take long time, they need to be planned at initial stages of the project and their costs accounted for in DPR.

8.

CLUBBING OF KHAB-I AND KHAB-II INTO ONE SCHEME 222

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APPENDIX B FURTHER STUDIES.

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The Khab-I and Khab-II utilise about 272 m of gross head (189 m in Khab-I and 83m in Khab-II) to develop a capacity of 450MW and 186MW respectively. The total length of tunnel for both the projects shall be 20.8 Km (8.4 km for Khab-I and 12.4 Km for Khab-II). During DPR stage of the projects, studies should be carried out to examine the feasibility of clubbing these two projects into one project of about 651 MW. The clubbing may save the cost of outfall works for Khab-I & Intake works for Khab-II alongwith others likely saving on works of power houses and surge shafts.

223
PRE FEASIBILITY REPORT KHAB 1 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (H.P.) APPENDIX B FURTHER STUDIES.

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APPENDIX C RELEVANT CORRESPONDANCE.

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DRAWINGS

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INDEX (DRAWINGS)
S. No.
1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

TITLE

No.
KB-1-PFR-1

LOCATION AND VICINITY MAP. CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT PLAN. CONCEPTUAL L-SECTION. U/S & D/S COFFER DAMS PLAN AND SECTIONS. DIVERSION DAM PLAN AND U/S ELEVATIONS. DIVERSION DAM SECTIONS

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KB-1-PFR-2 KB-1-PFR-3 KB-1-PFR-4 KB-1-PFR-5 KB-1-PFR-6 KB-1-PFR-7. KB-1-PFR-8 KB-1-PFR-9 KB-1-PFR-10

POWER INTAKE - PLAN AND SECTIONS DESILTING ARRANGEMENT PLAN ( SH 1 OF 2). DESILTING ARRANGEMENT SECTION (SH 2 OF 2) HEAD RACE TUNNEL TYPICAL SECTIONS IN DIFFERENT REACHES. SURGE TANK AND PRESSURE SHAFT PLAN AND SECTIONS. UNDER GROUND POWER HOUSE (SECTION THROUGH CAVERN)

11. 12. 13.

KB-1-PFR-11 KB-1-PFR-12 SJVN(E)/490

CROSS SECTION THROUGH POWER

SATLUJ JAL VIDYUT NIGAM LTD.

HOUSE & TRANSFORMER HALL. 14. 15. 16. PLAN FOR POWER HOUSE AT DIFFERENT ELEVATIONS. LAYOUT FOR TRANSFORMER GALLERY & SF 6 SWITCH GEAR. SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM OF KHAB. SJVN(E)/491 SJVN(E)/492 SJVN(E)/493

FORM No. CEA/E&C/F&CA/1003 FINANCIAL PACKAGE DETAILS At bus bar 1 2 Name of Project Capacity (MW) KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT 450 PACKAGE I 3 a) b) c) Items Name/source of debt Amount in Crore Interest rate I) Fixed ii) Floating Repayment period Moratorium period Up front charges i) Closing fee ii) Lawyer's fee iii) Bank Engineer's fee iv) Syndicate charges v) Financial advisor 's fee vi)Any other charges (please specify) Commitment charges/ Undisbursed amount fee Guarantee fee I) Equity raising charges ii) Lead Manager's fee iii) Underwriting charges Any other fee/charges Not covered(Please specify) Equity 30% 529.77 Loan 70% 1236.12 ii

0.00%

10.00%

d) e) f)

12 years -

g)

h) I)

j)

Total Rs. in crore 529.77 1236.12 * Submit separate sheet with detailed calculation for guarantee fee and commitment fee. Note The above details should also be supported by the documents/commitment letters from tenderers

Annexure XIII-4 KHAB-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT (450 MW) CALCULATION OF TARRIF FOR 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR AT BUS BAR Interest Amount in crore Repayment Rate O&M = Working Capital Loan = 1236.12 12 10.00% 1.50% Int. rate 9.75% Equity = 529.77 0 16.00% requirement 2 months Total Cost 1765.89 Units sold million 1512.00 Operation Year Equity Loan Return on Repaymen Equity t Interest on Loan O&M Charges incl. insurance @1.5% 6 26.49 27.81 29.20 30.66 32.20 33.81 35.50 37.27 39.14 41.09 43.15 45.30 47.57 49.95 52.45 55.07 57.82 60.71 63.75 66.93 70.28 73.80 77.49 81.36 85.43 89.70 94.18 98.89 103.84 109.03 114.48 120.20 126.22 132.53 139.15 Units sold Tariff in Total Interest million Rs./ Unit Annual on Units sold.(Col. working Charges(2 8/Col.9) capital +3+4+5+6 +7) 7 5.41 5.27 5.12 4.98 4.84 4.70 4.56 4.42 4.28 4.14 4.01 3.88 2.15 2.19 2.23 2.27 2.32 2.36 2.41 2.47 2.52 2.58 2.64 2.70 2.77 2.83 2.91 2.98 3.06 3.15 3.24 3.33 3.43 3.53 3.64 8 338.57 329.44 320.39 311.40 302.49 293.66 284.91 276.25 267.67 259.19 250.81 242.53 134.48 136.90 139.44 142.10 144.90 147.84 150.92 154.16 157.56 161.13 164.88 168.82 172.96 177.30 181.85 186.64 191.66 196.94 202.48 208.30 214.41 220.82 227.55 9 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 1512.00 10 2.24 2.18 2.12 2.06 2.00 1.94 1.88 1.83 1.77 1.71 1.66 1.60 0.89 0.91 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.07 1.09 1.12 1.14 1.17 1.20 1.23 1.27 1.30 1.34 1.38 1.42 1.46 1.50

1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

3 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 103.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

4 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76 84.76

5 118.89 108.59 98.29 87.99 77.69 67.39 57.08 46.78 36.48 26.18 15.88 5.58 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Cost of Capital 12% Present Value of Annual Payments Present Value of Units sold Levelised Tariff

INR 2,174 INR 12,361 INR 1.76 INR 1.76 Rs./ Unit 193

1.4

Annexure XIII-3 KHAB-1 HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT (450 mw) Detail of Depreciation Life in years I-CIVIL WORKS Dam Desilting Tanks Intake Head Race Tunnel,Tailrace Tunnel and Outfall Surge Shaft Pressure Shaft and Penstock Power House K-Buildings R-Communication Total Rate of Depreciation (%) 50 50 50 50 1.95 1.95 1.95 1.95 12942.95 19697.70 5637.26 21228.05 252.39 384.11 109.93 413.95 % Rate of Dep. Cost. ( Rs Lac.) Dep. ( Rs Lac.)

35 35 35 50 50

3.40 3.40 3.40 3.02 3.02

1765.39 1968.92 2535.60 3011.11 1842.96 70629.94

60.02 66.94 86.21 90.94 55.66 1520.14 2.15

Form No. CEA/E&C/F&CA/1004

Phasing of Expenditure & Drawl of funds statement


At bus bar Amount Rs. In crore 10 11 12

Period /years

Total

1. Hard cost Expenditure Half yearly 50.97 65.81 2.Drawl of funds for Hard cost Equity 30% 15.29 19.74 Loan 70% 35.68 46.06

76.00

86.19 110.3 120.5 143.7 171.53

171.5

171.5

171.5

143.8 1483.36

22.80 53.20

25.86 60.34

33.1 36.15 43.11 77.2 84.4 100.6

51.46 120.1

51.46 120.1

51.46 120.1

51.46 120.1

43.13

445.01

100.6 1038.35

3.Financial Charges(FC) liable on : Equity Loan 4. IDC Equity Loan -

0.27 0.62

0.89 2.08

1.67 3.89

2.58 6.01

3.70

5.04

6.60

8.49 19.80

10.59 24.70

12.76 29.77

15.01 35.01

17.19 40.10

84.76 197.77 282.53

8.63 11.76 15.40

5. Drawl of funds of IDC and FC only Equity 0.27 0.89 Loan 0.62 2.08

1.67 3.89

2.58 6.01

3.70

5.04

6.60

8.49 19.80

10.59 24.70

12.76 29.77

15.01 35.01

17.19 40.10

84.76 197.77

8.63 11.76 15.40

6. Final phasing of funds (2+5) Equity 15.56 Loan 36.30

20.63 48.14

24.47 57.09

28.43 36.79 66.35 85.8

41.2 49.71 96.1 116.0

59.95 139.9

62.05 144.8 Total

64.22 149.8

66.46 155.1

60.31

529.77

140.7 1236.12 1765.89

197

Annex -V-1
(Sheet 1 of 2 )

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


OBSERVED DISCHARGE DATA FOR RIVER SATLUJ AT KHAB D/S OF ITS CONFLUENCE WITH SPITI (IN CUMECS)
MONTHS PERIOD No.of days 1972 JAN I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 49 48 47 46 45 46 49 53 63 65 66 73 88 155 239 255 406 538 519 493 617 531 395 330 191 125 85 93 82 75 67 63 60 57 44 44 1973 44 41 40 42 43 41 41 42 79 98 135 438 878 337 558 715 1238 927 857 869 723 604 648 664 616 364 268 145 111 85 67 64 58 51 47 44 1974 44 43 44 45 44 45 50 53 62 67 79 98 121 110 94 181 312 511 573 699 712 743 752 509 334 219 177 103 82 71 65 63 52 46 46 45 1975 42 40 41 41 42 45 60 75 75 92 93 167 211 421 350 445 858 709 492 713 640 701 760 414 308 188 161 140 124 93 82 64 52 48 39 43 1976 39 38 40 40 38 40 45 44 43 43 57 112 137 181 292 514 334 279 485 619 670 433 356 289 232 144 117 96 74 69 67 61 58 52 43 41 1977 41 41 31 38 40 44 47 53 63 64 62 68 61 65 170 254 177 252 829 887 727 938 628 509 412 271 197 134 118 109 94 84 80 78 74 68 1978 64 56 56 56 55 57 59 62 64 69 76 99 194 353 385 521 447 742 746 716 677 923 814 466 301 261 194 144 135 128 85 77 70 58 54 53 1979 51 55 59 56 64 77 67 76 89 115 151 219 253 240 190 276 690 1459 992 1103 909 795 720 533 419 235 158 150 136 121 114 98 96 87 75 65 1980 57 53 53 54 55 61 60 63 82 80 97 124 196 261 352 553 626 862 846 940 860 865 550 486 377 300 240 177 126 110 96 87 80 70 64 63 1981 60 55 60 58 59 58 58 57 58 61 80 112 297 352 449 312 364 722 606 746 899 945 794 522 366 256 202 118 98 92 91 81 77 74 68 62 1982 63 59 56 53 61 58 58 60 62 76 89 131 197 134 194 470 929 804 983 939 942 940 882 479 309 263 176 124 120 109 99 85 78 71 68 64 1983 57 55 59 52 47 54 52 74 82 74 79 100 174 387 399 653 518 775 733 499 966 976 759 866 601 416 174 236 147 128 106 97 79 72 66 59 1984 53 52 48 48 48 47 50 62 65 65 60 70 91 147 321 698 466 496 512 253 513 434 492 507 292 119 64 48 38 34 31 29 27 24 22 20 1985 19 17 19 17 17 19 23 27 32 39 46 56 79 91 297 317 394 478 476 497 562 381 507 416 302 168 131 105 89 72 60 53 47 43 40 37 1986 32 30 28 28 29 28 30 32 33 37 58 81 121 191 85 135 836 1041 630 783 973 698 542 342 257 152 113 78 68 58 46 40 36 32 29 24 63

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

Ann
(Sh

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


OBSERVED DISCHARGE DATA FOR RIVER SATLUJ AT KHAB D/S OF ITS CONFLUENCE WITH SPITI (IN CUMECS)
MONTHS PERIOD No.of days 1987 JAN I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 23 21 20 20 22 23 24 40 58 67 58 101 84 81 187 450 368 462 681 570 656 450 417 393 311 249 216 155 121 107 76 85 70 65 58 49 1988 51 50 48 45 45 44 49 52 57 70 148 217 294 363 386 401 396 732 702 777 828 740 632 391 270 185 168 117 103 92 83 79 68 60 55 50 1989 43 40 46 43 43 42 44 46 53 59 61 65 77 154 338 616 421 473 506 742 832 442 517 437 239 173 146 109 82 73 64 59 555 52 51 49 1990 45 47 47 46 46 45 44 47 139 66 78 114 170 599 508 544 410 947 776 654 548 577 636 484 370 267 196 172 140 106 98 91 84 76 72 74 1991 64 60 62 61 61 61 61 65 76 106 87 105 171 287 381 816 967 856 1136 1003 894 692 490 517 433 296 210 198 133 138 167 121 115 125 110 141 1992 106 112 102 97 87 112 88 102 97 96 132 129 175 250 228 287 469 641 328 529 643 531 435 424 323 209 149 173 135 113 120 102 109 91 94 80 1993 90 76 75 80 87 91 84 77 76 77 98 131 271 135 206 238 339 256 321 399 269 350 266 244 203 206 140 143 105 98 105 90 95 81 89 78 1994 68 66 65 65 64 64 64 70 74 76 72 77 107 135 288 309 250 504 737 652 817 898 498 579 381 194 148 133 121 111 107 105 100 95 89 86 1995 81 75 69 70 74 72 73 73 79 72 75 91 131 135 264 290 418 218 355 365 339 488 551 391 287 186 133 95 96 84 79 76 70 65 63 59 1996 49 50 50 50 54 53 51 58 56 59 99 141 180 164 338 259 577 906 303 418 394 430 705 254 202 165 125 109 92 88 85 80 76 69 63 62 1997 57 43 44 45 44 44 47 49 48 48 52 65 89 57 86 141 236 306 342 448 500 475 398 260 156 114 87 64 54 48 43 41 41 39 37 36 1998 36 30 22 25 27 27 28 31 37 40 49 67 107 142 444 364 224 885 1084 989 777 712 648 459 227 157 134 120 99 86 71 65 55 56 49 47 1999 44 40 41 41 44 43 44 43 46 92 108 221 205 256 251 282 490 591 635 629 769 1325 759 691 261 206 160 106 82 66 55 49 45 41 38 38 2000 38 37 38 38 36 34 39 40 42 45 50 55 59 170 196 152 273 272 311 349 388 426 304 214 157 130 86 68 60 57 56 54 49 44 44 43 2001 40 38 38 41 43 43 44 43 44 45 49 51 65 100 78 105 148 125 174 259 248 210 172 134 96 73 52 43 40 37 32 27 25 23 21 19

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

nex -V-1
heet 2 of 2 )

2002 17 18 17 18 18 19 20 24 25 32 39 44 65 319 143 264 440 341 439 383 273 284 215 176 83 72 48 38 32 28 27 26 23 23 23 19 64

Annex -V-2
(Sheet 1 of 2 )

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


( Annual run off in Mm 3 )
MONTHS PERIOD No.of days 1972-73 JUN I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 220 351 465 448 426 586 459 341 314 165 108 73 80 71 71 58 54 52 49 38 42 38 35 38 36 37 28 35 36 75 85 117 378 759 291 530 6992 1973-74 618 1070 801 740 751 687 522 560 631 532 314 232 125 96 81 58 55 50 44 41 42 38 37 42 39 38 31 43 46 59 58 68 85 105 95 89 8922 1974-75 156 270 442 495 604 677 642 650 484 289 189 153 89 71 67 56 54 45 40 40 43 36 35 39 35 36 31 52 65 71 79 80 144 182 364 333 7138 1975-76 384 741 613 425 616 608 606 657 393 266 162 139 121 107 88 71 55 45 41 34 41 34 33 38 35 33 31 39 38 41 37 49 97 118 156 278 7271 1976-77 444 289 241 419 535 637 374 308 275 200 124 101 83 64 66 58 53 50 45 37 39 35 35 29 33 35 30 41 46 60 55 54 59 53 56 162 5223 1977-78 219 153 218 716 766 691 810 543 484 356 234 170 116 102 104 81 73 69 67 64 65 55 48 53 48 48 39 51 54 61 60 66 86 168 305 366 7608 Year 1978-79 450 386 641 645 619 643 797 703 443 260 226 168 124 117 122 73 67 60 50 47 50 44 48 56 48 55 53 58 66 85 100 130 189 218 207 181 8229 1979-80 238 596 1261 857 953 864 687 622 506 362 203 136 130 118 115 98 85 83 75 65 62 49 46 50 47 48 47 52 54 78 69 84 107 169 226 335 9577 1980-81 478 541 745 731 812 817 747 475 462 326 259 207 153 109 105 83 75 69 60 55 60 52 48 57 50 51 40 50 49 55 53 69 97 257 304 427 9028 1981-82 270 314 624 524 645 854 816 686 496 316 221 175 102 85 87 79 70 67 64 59 59 54 51 53 46 53 40 50 52 59 66 77 113 170 116 184 7796 1982-83 406 803 695 849 811 895 812 762 455 267 227 152 107 104 104 86 73 67 61 59 61 49 48 56 45 41 37 45 64 78 64 68 86 150 334 379 9402 1983-84 564 448 670 633 431 918 843 656 823 519 359 150 204 127 122 92 84 68 62 57 56 46 45 46 41 41 32 43 54 62 56 52 60 79 127 305 8976 1984-85 603 403 429 442 219 488 375 425 482 252 103 55 41 33 32 27 25 23 21 19 19 16 15 18 15 15 13 20 23 30 34 40 48 68 79 282 5232 1985-86 274 340 413 411 429 534 329 438 395 261 145 113 91 77 68 52 46 41 37 35 35 28 26 27 24 25 19 26 28 31 32 50 70 105 165 81 5301

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

TOTAL(JUN-MAY
...HYDRO YEAR)

65

Annex -V-2
(Sheet 2 of 2 )

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


( Annual run off in Mm3 )
MONTHS PERIOD No.of days 1986-87 JUN I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 117 722 899 544 677 925 603 468 325 222 131 98 67 59 55 40 35 31 28 25 23 20 18 19 17 19 16 21 35 55 58 50 87 73 70 178 6829 1987-88 389 318 399 588 492 623 389 360 374 269 215 187 134 105 102 66 73 60 56 50 47 44 43 46 39 39 30 42 45 54 60 128 187 254 314 367 6989 1988-89 346 342 632 607 671 787 639 546 372 233 160 145 101 89 87 72 68 59 52 48 48 37 35 44 37 37 29 38 40 50 51 53 56 67 133 321 7132 1989-90 532 364 409 437 641 791 382 447 415 206 149 126 94 71 69 55 51 480 45 44 47 39 41 45 40 40 31 38 41 132 57 67 98 147 518 483 7671 1990-91 470 354 818 670 565 521 499 550 460 320 231 169 149 121 101 85 79 73 66 62 70 55 52 59 53 53 42 53 56 72 92 75 91 148 248 362 7941 1991-92 705 835 740 982 867 850 598 423 491 374 256 181 171 115 131 144 105 99 108 95 134 92 97 97 84 75 77 76 88 92 83 114 111 151 216 217 10074 1992-93 248 405 554 283 457 611 459 376 403 279 181 129 149 117 107 104 88 94 79 81 76 78 66 71 69 75 63 73 67 72 67 85 113 234 117 196 6724 Year 1993-94 1994-95 206 293 221 277 345 256 302 230 232 175 178 121 124 91 93 91 78 82 70 77 74 59 57 62 56 55 44 55 60 70 66 62 67 92 117 274 4811 267 216 435 637 563 776 776 430 550 329 168 128 115 105 105 92 91 86 82 77 82 70 65 66 60 64 50 63 63 75 62 65 79 113 117 251 7373 1995-96 251 361 188 307 315 322 422 476 372 248 161 115 82 83 80 68 66 60 56 54 56 42 43 48 43 47 37 44 50 53 51 86 122 156 142 321 5427 1996-97 224 499 783 262 361 374 372 609 241 175 143 108 94 79 84 73 69 66 60 54 59 49 37 42 39 38 30 41 42 46 41 45 56 77 49 82 5503 1997-98 122 204 264 295 387 475 410 344 247 135 98 75 55 47 46 37 35 35 34 32 34 31 26 21 22 23 19 24 27 35 35 42 58 92 123 422 4413 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 314 194 765 937 854 738 615 560 436 196 136 116 104 86 82 61 56 48 48 42 45 38 35 39 35 38 30 38 37 44 79 93 191 177 221 239 7767 244 423 511 549 543 731 1145 656 657 226 178 138 92 71 63 48 42 39 35 33 36 33 32 36 33 31 24 34 35 40 39 43 48 51 147 186 7268 131 236 235 269 302 369 368 263 203 136 112 74 59 52 54 48 47 42 38 38 41 35 33 36 35 37 30 38 37 42 39 42 44 56 86 74 3781 2001-02 91 128 108 150 224 236 181 149 127 83 63 45 37 35 35 28 23 22 20 18 18 15 16 16 16 16 13 17 21 24 28 34 38 56 276 136 2540

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

TOTAL(JUN-MAY
...HYDRO YEAR)

66

HYDRO YEAR Sr. No. (June-May) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 -73 -74 -75 -76 -77 -78 -79 -80 -81 -82 -83 -84 -85 -86 -87 -88 -89 -90 -91 -92 -93 -94 -95 -96 -97 -98 -99 2000 2001 2002

ANNUAL RUN OFF 3 IN Mm (Jun-May) 6992 8922 7138 7271 5223 7608 8229 9577 9028 7796 9402 8976 5232 5301 6829 6989 7132 7671 7941 10074 6724 4811 7373 5427 5503 4413 7767 7268 3781 2540

ANNUAL RUN OFF IN 3 DESCENDING ORDER (Mm ) -------------------------------------YEAR DISCHARGE

EXCEDENCE RANK PROBABILITY NUMBER DEPENDABLE YEAR N*100/(M+1) (N) (%) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 3.23 6.45 9.68 12.90 16.13 19.35 22.58 25.81 29.03 32.26 35.48 38.71 41.94 45.16 48.39 51.61 50% Dependable year 54.84 58.06 61.29 64.52 67.74 70.97 74.19 77.42 80.65 83.87 87.10 90.32 90% Dependable year 93.55 96.77

1991 -92 1979 -80 1982 -83 1980 -81 1983 -84 1973 -74 1978 -79 1990 -91 1981 -82 1998 -99 1989 -90 1977 -78 1994 -95 1975 -76 1999 2000 1974 -75 1988 -89 1972 -73 1987 -88 1986 -87 1992 -93 1996 -97 1995 -96 1985 -86 1984 -85 1976 -77 1993 -94 1997 -98 2000 2001 2001 2002

10074 9577 9402 9028 8976 8922 8229 7941 7796 7767 7671 7608 7373 7271 7268 7138 7132 6992 6989 6829 6724 5503 5427 5301 5232 5223 4811 4413 3781 2540

M = TOTAL NUMBER OF HYDRO YEARS CONSIDERED.

Annex-V-5

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT


WATER AVAILABILITY IN A 50% AVERAGE YEAR (1974-75) DESIGN DISCHARGE (m3) = 320 MONTHS JUN TEN DAILY I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III No.of days 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 DISCHARGE (cumecs) 181 312 511 573 699 712 743 752 509 334 219 177 103 82 71 65 63 52 46 46 45 42 40 41 41 42 45 60 75 75 92 93 167 211 421 350

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

CEA approved Khab-1/hydrology

Annex-V-4

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT


WATER AVAILABILITY IN A 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR (1997-98)

DESIGN DISCHARGE (m3) = MONTHS TEN DAILY JUN I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III No.of days 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11

320 DISCHARGE (cumecs) 141 236 306 342 448 500 475 398 260 156 114 87 64 54 48 43 41 41 39 37 36 36 30 22 25 27 27 28 31 37 40 49 67 107 142 444

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

CEA approved Khab-1/hydrology

Ann

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT


Reservoir capacity calculations at FRL
Storage depth (at Dam ) River bed slope reservoir length Sr. No: RD (m) = = = 48 m 1 in 167 8016 m (48x167)

Cross sectional Area at RD. (m2) 5976.57 5961.10 5483.34 5016.18 4559.60 4113.63 3678.08 3247.11 2817.78 2401.51 2001.26 1620.92 1260.43 917.07 590.03 281.73 87.68 0.00

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 7500 8000 8016

167

TOP OF DAM (EL. 2 597.00 ) FRL (EL. 2 592.00 )

Area sum =
48 24

50014.02 2778.56 22272911.62 22.273

MDDL (EL. 2 568.00 )

Average area = Total volume = = Total reservoir capacity (Spiti and Satluj combined)

EL. 2544 .00

= =

2X 44.55

89

nex VII-2

m2 m Mm3
3

22.273 3 Mm

Annex-VII-3

KHAB-I Hydro- Electric Project


Reservoir capacity calculations at MDDL
Storage depth at MDDL River bed slope reservoir length Sr. No: RD (m) = = = 24 m 1 in 167 4008 m (24x167)

Cross sectional Area at RD. (m2) 2408.04 2001.26 1620.92 1260.43 917.07 590.03 281.73 87.68 0.00

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4008


FRL DAM

Area sum = Average area =

2 9167.17 m 2 1018.57 m 3 4082445.39 m 3 4.08 Mm

MDDL

7 :16 E1 OP SL

EL. 2544.00

Total volume = = Total Dead storage (Spiti and Satluj combined) = =

2X 4.08 3 8.165 Mm

ABSTRACT CAPACITY AT FRL = CAPACITY AT MDDL = LIVE STORAGE =


3 44.546 Mm 3 8.165 Mm 3 36.381 Mm

90

CHART FLOW DEPTH V/S DISCHARGE


30000

25000

DESCHARGE (cumecs)

20000

15000

10000

5000

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 FLOW DEPTH (mts)

n = 0.03 s = 1/167 DEPTH y(m) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 6 7 8 9 10 15 20 AREA A (m2)

= 0.005988024 WETTED PERIMETER R=A/P P(m) 32.5618 34.5132 36.4646 38.4159 40.3673 42.3187 54.1634 66.0080 77.8528 101.5421 104.8096 108.0771 111.0870 113.8396 127.6022 142.7363 0.499 0.954 1.383 1.790 2.178 2.550 2.423 2.430 2.510 2.786 3.658 4.501 5.329 6.144 9.905 13.153 R2/3 0.6292 0.9689 1.2411 1.4740 1.6802 1.8665 1.8041 1.8076 1.8470 1.9800 2.3740 2.7259 3.0508 3.3544 4.6123 5.5720 V = 1/n xR2/3xS1/2 Q

16.25 32.92 50.42 68.75 87.92 107.92 131.25 160.42 195.42 282.92 383.38 486.42 591.95 699.39 1263.95 1877.37

1.6229 26.3716 2.4992 82.2667 3.2013 161.3975 3.8021 261.3972 4.3339 381.0246 4.8146 519.5732 4.6535 610.7762 4.6625 747.9492 4.7641 930.9803 5.1073 1444.9541 6.1235 2347.6109 7.0313 3420.1529 7.8692 4658.1735 8.6524 6051.4619 11.8969 15037.0565 14.3724 26982.3822

CEA khab1/flood_chart

KHAB -I HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.


POWER AND ENERGY GENERATION IN A 50% DEPENDABLE YEAR (1974-75) GROSS HEAD (mts) INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW) OVERALL EFFICIENCY (%) TOTAL HEAD LOSS (mts) NET HEAD (mts) = = = = = 189 450 92 19 170

Annex-VII-7

MONTHS

PERIOD

DISCHARGE (CUMECS)

UNRESTRICTED POWER (MW)

UTILIZED ENERGY POWER (MU) (MW) 278 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 450 336 272 158 126 109 100 97 80 71 71 69 64 61 63 63 64 69 92 115 115 141 143 256 324 450 450 67 108 108 108 108 119 108 108 119 108 81 65 38 30 29 24 23 19 17 17 18 15 15 17 15 15 13 22 28 30 34 34 61 78 108 119 2026

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III

10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11

181 312 511 573 699 712 743 752 509 334 219 177 103 82 71 65 63 52 46 46 45 42 40 41 41 42 45 60 75 75 92 93 167 211 421 350

278 479 784 879 1072 1092 1140 1154 781 512 336 272 158 126 109 100 97 80 71 71 69 64 61 63 63 64 69 92 115 115 141 143 256 324 646 537

TOTAL

80

KHAB -I HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.

Annex-VII-7

80

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


POWER AND ENERGY GENERATION IN A 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR (1997-98) GROSS HEAD (mts) = INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW) = OVERALL EFFICIENCY (%) = TOTAL HEAD LOSS (mts) = NET HEAD (mts) = 189 450 92 19 170

Annex-VII-8

UTILIZED POWER

MONTHS

DISCHARGE UNRESTRICTED ( INSTALLED CAPACITY PERIOD = 450 MW ) (CUMECS) POWER (MW) (MW) (MU) 7 216 362 450 450 450 450 450 450 399 239 175 133 98 83 74 66 63 63 60 57 55 55 46 34 38 41 41 43 48 57 61 75 103 164 218 450 52 87 108 108 108 119 108 108 105 57 42 32 24 20 19 16 15 15 14 14 15 13 11 9 9 10 8 10 11 15 15 18 25 39 52 119 1551 2 I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III 3 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 4 141 236 306 342 448 500 475 398 260 156 114 87 64 54 48 43 41 41 39 37 36 36 30 22 25 27 27 28 31 37 40 49 67 107 142 444 5 216 362 469 525 687 767 729 611 399 239 175 133 98 83 74 66 63 63 60 57 55 55 46 34 38 41 41 43 48 57 61 75 103 164 218 681 6

POWER RESTRICTED TO 95 % OF 450 MW INSTALLED CAPACITY

(MW) 8 216 362 428 428 428 428 428 428 399 239 175 133 98 83 74 66 63 63 60 57 55 55 46 34 38 41 41 43 48 57 61 75 103 164 218 428

(MU)

1 JUN

9 52 87 103 103 103 113 103 103 105 57 42 32 24 20 19 16 15 15 14 14 15 13 11 9 9 10 8 10 11 15 15 18 25 39 52 113 1512

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

TOTAL

AVERAGE ANNUAL LOAD FACTOR =

39.34

MU ((COL 7)X1000/(8760X450))X100
(where 8760 are total hours in a year)

81

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


POWER AND ENERGY GENERATION IN A 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR (1997-98) MONSOON PERIOD (MAY - SEPT) GROSS HEAD (mts) = INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW) = OVERALL EFFICIENCY (%) = TOTAL HEAD LOSS (mts) = NET HEAD (mts) = 189 450 92 19 170

Annex-VII-9

MONTHS

PERIOD

DISCHARGE UNRESTRICTED (CUMECS) POWER (MW) 4 5 107 142 444 141 236 306 342 448 500 475 398 260 156 114 87 164 218 681 216 362 469 525 687 767 729 611 399 239 175 133

UTILIZED POWER ( INSTALLED CAPACITY = 450 MW )

1 MAY I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III

3 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 10

(MW) 6 164 218 450 216 362 450 450 450 450 450 450 399 239 175 133

(MU) 7 39 52 119 52 87 108 108 108 119 108 108 105 57 42 32 1245

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

TOTAL

MONSOON PERIOD AVERAGE LOAD FACTOR =

75.34

MU ((COL 7)X1000/(3672X450))X100

(where

3672 are total hours.)

82

Annex -VII-10

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


POWER AND ENERGY GENERATION IN A 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR (1997-98) FOR LEAN PERIOD (OCT. TO APRIL ) GROSS HEAD (mts) = INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW) = OVERALL EFFICIENCY (%) = TOTAL HEAD LOSS (mts) = NET HEAD (mts) = 189 450 92 19 170

MONTHS

DISCHARGE UNRESTRICTED PERIOD (CUMECS) POWER (MW) 2 I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III I II III 3 10 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 11 10 10 8 10 10 11 10 10 10 4 64 54 48 43 41 41 39 37 36 36 30 22 25 27 27 28 31 37 40 49 67 5 98 83 74 66 63 63 60 57 55 55 46 34 38 41 41 43 48 57 61 75 103

UTILIZED POWER
( INSTALLED CAPACITY = 450 MW )

PEAKING DURATION (Hrs.) Col. 4 /294 x 24

(MW) 1 OCT 6 98 83 74 66 63 63 60 57 55 55 46 34 38 41 41 43 48 57 61 75 103

(MU) 7 24 20 19 16 15 15 14 14 15 13 11 9 9 10 8 10 11 15 15 18 25 306 Average 3.20 5.22 4.41 3.92 3.51 3.35 3.35 3.18 3.02 2.94 2.94 2.45 1.80 2.04 2.20 2.20 2.29 2.53 3.02 3.27 4.00 5.47

NOV

DEC

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

TOTAL

LEAN PERIOD AVERAGE LOAD FACTOR = MU ((COL 7)X1000/(5088X450))X100 (where 5088 are total hours.)

13.36

83

Hours

83

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


INSTALLED CAPACITIES (MW) V/S GENERATION (MU) -INCREMENTAL STUDIESINCREMENTAL INCREASE IN MU / 50 MW 157 129 112 111 102 87 79 68 63 53 42 20 5 0 0 0 0 -

Annex-VII-11

S. No.

INSTALLED CAPACITY 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000

MU

Kwh / Kw

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

853 1010 1139 1251 1362 1464 1551 1630 1698 1761 1814 1856 1876 1881 1881 1881 1881 1881

5687 5050 4556 4170 3891 3660 3447 3260 3087 2935 2791 2651 2501 2351 2213 2090 1980 1881

84

Annex -VII-13

KHAB -I HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT.


SUMMARY OF STUDIES
INSTALLED CAPACITY = 450 MW ( 3 X 150 MW ) GENERATION & LOAD GENERATION & LOAD FACTOR OF OPERATION FACTOR OF OPERATION (MONSOON - MAY TO SEPT) (LEAN FLOW PERIOD- OCT TO IN 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR APRIL) IN 90% DEPENDABLE YEAR ( IC 450 MW ) ( IC 450 MW) GENERATION (MU) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 -73 -74 -75 -76 -77 -78 -79 -80 -81 -82 -83 -84 -85 -86 -87 -88 -89 -90 -91 -92 -93 -94 -95 -96 -97 -98 -99 -2000 -2001 -2002 6992 8922 7138 7271 5223 7608 8229 9577 9028 7796 9402 8976 5232 5301 6829 6989 7132 7671 7941 10074 6724 4811 7373 5427 5503 4413 7767 7268 3781 2540 2919 3743 2979 3043 2180 3176 3452 4006 3775 3257 3932 3739 2179 2216 2851 2919 2976 3196 3325 4224 2813 2014 3074 2268 2312 1833 3250 3032 1583 1061 1245 LF ( % ) 75.34 GENERATION (MU) 306 LF ( % ) 13.36 -

S No.

HYDRO YEAR (June-May)

ANNUAL ANNUAL ENERGY RUN OFF IN MU IN Mm3 (Jun-May) ( UNRESTRICTED ) (Jun-May)

REMARKS

90% DEPENDABLE YEAR