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adjective(1): normal position attributive adjective predicative adjective

I write this as I know, if there is a little difficult to read, dont you mind about it.

Adjectives (1): normal position


There are two kinds of position in adjectives. If the adjective is in front of a noun that we called Attrabutive Adjective. Another one is we called predicative adjective. For attributive adjective here are some examples. We can say like this structure adjective use only before noun. Use only (or) mostly before nouns. 1. The new secretary doesnt like me. Adjective noun 2. My elder sister is a captain. Adjective noun

3. My younger brother has a green phone. Adjective noun

Explanations: 1. I want to explain about these examples. No. 1 in this sentence, new is an adjective and secretary is a noun. We put the new that is in front of noun, and then, secretary that we put it behind of adjective, that kind of position we call attributive position.

2. In No.2 elder is an adjective and sister is a noun. Elder we put it in front of noun, and sister we put it behind of adjective. This is attributive position.

3. Every color we can adjective. Therefore, green is an adjective, and phone is a noun. And also we can say this is attributive position.

Adjective use only after verbs These verbs must be links verb. That kind of structure we call predicative adjective. Here are some examples about predicative adjective.

1. The boy is asleep. Link verb adjective

2. Anne seems not happy today. Link verb adjective 3. I dont like red color. Like is a link verb, red is an adjective.

Explanations: If links verb is in front of adjective, at that time, we can say that is predicative position.

Interruptions: The objective ill and well are most common after verb. Before nouns, many people prefer other words. Compare: He is very well. Nurses take care of sick people. You look ill.

Verb +objective + adjective Another position for adjectives is after the object, Ill get the car ready. Verb object adjective Do I make you happy? verb objective adjective

Adjectives (2): after nouns and pronouns


Fixed phrases Adjectives come after nouns in a few cases. Secretary General Noun adjective President elect noun adjective

Court martial Noun adjective

God Almighty noun adjective

Aung san General Noun adjective

Attorney General noun adjective

Available, possible etc, (able and ble) ending sentences Some adjective can be used after nouns like relative clauses. Send all the tickets available. Noun adjective (Or) (Or) send all the available tickets. adjective noun

Its only solution possible. Noun Present, proper Adjective

Its only possible solution. adjective noun

Before a noun, present refers to time: after a noun, its means here/ there not absent. The present member (=those who are members now) The member present (=those who are /were at meeting now) Before a noun, proper means real, genuine. After a noun, proper means central, main part of something. Sonwdons a proper mountain, not a hill. After two days crossing the foothills, they reached the mountain proper. Expressions of measurement Adjective usually follow measurement mouns. Two metres high ten years olders two miles long

Exception Exception: worth (e.g. worth 100 euros).

Adjective with complements When an adjective gas its own complement (e.g. skilled in design),the whole expression normally comes after a noun. We are looking for people skilled in design (not.skilled in design people) Here is a relative form. We are looking for people who are skilled in design. In some cases an adjective can be put before a noun and its complement after it. This happens with defferent, similar, the same, next, last, first, second, etc; A different life from this one The next house to the Royal Hotel Something, everything etc Adjective is also come after something, everything, anything, nothing, somebody, anywhere, and similar words. Have you read anything interesting lately? Lets go somewhere quite. the second train from this plaform the best mother in the world

Adjective (3): position after as how, so, too


After as, how, so, too and this/that meaning so, adjectives go before a/an. This structure is common in a formal style. As/how/so/too/this/that+adjective+a/an+noun I have as good a voice as you. Adjective noun

How good a pianist is he? Adjective noun

She is too polite a person to refuse. adjective noun

I couldnt afford that big a car. Adjective noun

It was so warm a day that I could hardly work. Adjective noun

The structure is not possible without a/an/. I like your country it is so beautiful. (Not I like your so beautiful country) Those girls are too kind to refuse. (Not they are too kind girls to refuse)

Adjectives (4): order before nouns


When we use adjectives one more times, we have to use adjectives on order before noun. Here are some orders of adjectives.

Some examples of adjective order


Opinion silly Size huge small Age young Shape round red Color Origin English Material matel sleeping Purpose Noun man bowl bag

Here are some examples: 1. I love that really old big green antique car that always parked at the end of the street. (Quality-age size-color-proper adjective) 2. My sister has a big, beautiful, tan and white, bulldog. (Size-quality-color-color) 3. A wonderful Old Italian clock. (Opinion-color-material)

4. A big square blue box. (Dimension-shape-colour) 5. A disgusting pink plastic ornament. (Opinion-color-material) 6. Some slin new french trousers. (Dimension-age-origin) 7. A wonderful old Italian clock. (Opinion-age-origin)

Numbers usually come before adjectives.


Six large egges the second big shock

Number

number

First next and last most often go before adjectives one, two, three etc. The first three days (most common than the three first days) The last two jobs. Noun modifiers after adjectives. Note that noun modifiers (which often classify, or refer to materials) usually follow adjectives. A big new car factory. Enormous black iron gates.

Commas Before noun, we generally use commas between adjectives (especially in longer sequences) which gives similar kind of information, for examples in physical descriptions. A lovely, long, cold, refreshing drink An expensive, ill-planned, wasteful project But commas cam be dropped before short common adjectives. A tall (,) dark (,) handsome cowboy

Adjective (5): with and


When two or more adjectives (or other modifiers) come together, we sometimes put and before the last one and sometimes not. It depends partly on their position in the sentence.

After a verb When adjectives come in predicative position (after, be, seem and similar verb), we usually put and before the last one. He was tall, dark and handsome. Yourre like a winters days: short, dark and dirty. In a very literary style, and is sometimes left out. My soul is exotic, mysterious, imcomprehebsible. Before a noun In attributive position (before a noun), and is less common. An angry young man. (Not angary and young man) A big beautiful gardend. However, and is possible when the adjectives give similar kind of information, especially when we are pulling up favourable or unfavourable descriptions. A cruel (and) vicious tyrant a warm (and) generous personality An ill-planned, expensive (and) wasteful project. And is nessary when two or more adjectives (or othermodifiers) refer to different parts of something, or different types of thing A yellow and black sports car A concrete and glass factory Hot and cold drinks (= hot drinks and cold drinks) We also use and when we say that something belongs to two or more different classes. Its a social and political problem. Nice and . In an informal style, the expression nice and is often used before another adjective or an adverb. It means something like pleasantly or suitably. Its nice and warm in front of the fire. (= pleasantly warm) Shes a musical and artistic genius.

The work was nice and easy. Now just put your gun down nice and slow.

Adjectives (6): without nouns


We cannot usually leave out a noun after an adjective. Poor little boy. (Not poor little) The most important thing is to be happy. (Not the most important is to be happy) But there are some exceptions. Well-known groups The +adjective is used to talk about certain well-nown groups of people who are in a particular physical or social condition. Common expressions: The blind The dead The deaf the handicapped the jobless the mentally ill the old the poor the rich the unemployed the young

The meaning is usually general; occasionally a limited group is referred to. After the accident, the injured were taken to hospital. These expressions are normally plural: the dead means all dead people or the dead people.but not the dead person. Note that these expressions cannot be used with a possessives. The problems of the poor OR poor peoples problems (not the poors problem) Adjectives are normally only used in this way with the or a determiner like many or more. This government doesnt care about the poor. (Not about poor.) There are more unemployed than ever before. However, adjectives without the are sometimes used in paired structures with bothand Opportunities for both rich and poor

Adjectives of nationality A few adjectives of nationlity ending in sh or ch are used after the without nouns. They includeIrish, Welsh, English, British, Spanish, Dutch, French. The Irish are very proud of their sense of humour. These expressions are plural; singular equivalents are for example. An Irishwoman, a Welshman (not a Welsh) Where noun exist, thhese are preferred to expressions with the. . Ish: We say the Danes or the Durks (not the Danish OR the Turkish). Singular examples In a few formal fixed phrases, the + adjective can have a singular meaning These include the accused, the undersigned, the deceased, the former and the latter. The accused was released on bail. Mr Gray and Mrs Cook; the latter is a well-known desginer.

Abstract ideas Adjectives are sometimes used after the to refer to general abstract ideas, the unreal) these expressions are singular. Shes interested in the supernatural. Choices We sometimes leave out a noun that has already been mentioned, or which does not need to be mentioned, when thinking about a choice between two or more defferent kind of thing. Have you got any bread? _ Do you want white or brown? I like two large packets and one small. Color adjectives can cometimes have a plural s in this situation. Wash the red and blue seperately (=red and blue clothes)

Superlatives Nouns are often left out after superlative adjectives. I am the tallest in my family. We bought the cheapest.

Adjectices (7): pronunciation of aged, naked etc


A few adjectives ending in ed have a special pronunciation.

Adjectives (8): what can follow an adjective?


Many adjectives can be followed by complement words and expressions that complete their meaning. Not all adjectives are followed by the same kind of complement. Some can be followed by preposition + noun/ing. Im interested in cookry. Preposition noun Im interested in learning to cook. preposition V-ing

Some can be following by infinitives You dont look happy to see me. The soup is ready to eat.

An affinitive may have it own subject, introduced by for Im anxious for her to get a good education.

(I am anxious that she should get. . . . . .) Some adjectives can be followed by clauses Im glad that you were able to come. (That you were able to come this is a clause) That clause is emphasis to glad. Its important that everybody should feel comfortable. This is a clause that is emphasis to important. And many adjective can have more than one kind of complement. Im pleased about her promotion. Im pleased that we seem to agree. Modifier to pleased we rarely put adjective + complement before a noun. Hes a difficult person to understand. (Not he is a difficult to understand person. Im pleased to see you here.