You are on page 1of 27

Based entirely on:

Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barrons, 2002.

What is a sentence?
S V = sentence I smiled. I smiled [broadly]. I smiled [at the kind gentleman]. [Noticing his kindness to me], I smiled. I smiled [when he was kind to me].
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 2

Pattern 1
SV;SV
Helps you to join two short simple sentences with two closely related ideas You can add more related ideas: SV; SV; SV. A full sentence must be on both sides of the semi-colon (no subordinating conjunctions or relative pronouns here!) Use this pattern to combine short sentences: one sentence with related ideas is more POWERFUL
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 3

Pattern 1 SV;SV
Examples:
Gloria, try on these jeans; they seem to be your size. Some people dream of being something; others stay awake and are. Reading is the easy part; remembering takes more effort.

Professional examples:
My forefathers didnt come over on the Mayflower; they met the boat. - Will Rogers Sign up for our Family Plan and you can share minutes with our one-rate plan; if you sign up now, you can take advantage of our special rate. - Ad for Nokia
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 4

Variations: Pattern 1a
S V; conjunctive adverb, S V
Conjunctive adverbs are connectors; some examples are: however, hence, therefore, thus, then, moreover, nevertheless, likewise, consequently, accordingly She exercised every day and cut back on her food; however, she didnt lose any weight. The car has been in an accident; therefore, its not a bargain.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 5

Variations: Pattern 1b
S V; S V, coordinating conj, S V
An acronym for coordinating conjunction is FANBOYS; the meaning is: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So

The rain kept falling; Joan saw the roof begin to leak, and she put out a bucket to catch the water. It was the right color; it fit, and it was cheap. I didnt do it; John said he didnt do it, but the vase was certainly broken.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 6

Variations: Pattern 1c
S V; S V; S V
John got an A; Jennie also got an A; unfortunately George got a C. Carmen likes to cook; Janice would rather watch TV; I like to eat Carmens cooking and watch TV with Janice. Dad is a skinflint; when I ask for a loan he doesnt listen; Mom isnt any help either.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 7

Practice with Pattern 1


1. ______________; the beach was deserted and rather scary.
2. After they lost the game, the football team went home;_______________. 3. The large blue whale came very close to the boat;_____________________.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 8

Practice with Pattern 1a


1. I really didnt want to go to the party; ________, I went to be with Jim.
2. My teacher traveled extensively;______, I asked her advice about Italy. 3. I have to feed the pets when I get home; ____ I have to make dinner my mom.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 9

Combine these sentences using pattern 1, 1a or 1b


The girl looks happy. She has a new car. Her brother has one too.

The tiger seems restless. He is really big. He should have more room.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 10

Combine these sentences using pattern 1


Working with your partner, write 10 sentences using our vocabulary words:
Example: SV = use and underline the word ; SV = definition of the word Mrs. Thomas elucidated the concept of sentence patterns; she enlightened us on writing better sentences!
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 11

Pattern #2
S V DO or SC; S [omitted verb] DO or SC Examples:
The mother and son each had a goal; hers, educational; his, recreational. For many of us, the new math teacher was a savior; for others, a pain. His mother told him to rent a car; his sister, to pack the suitcases.

2/2/2010

Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002.

12

Pattern #2
S V DO or SC; S [omitted verb] DO or SC Use this pattern when you dont want to repeat the same verb in the second or third clause This is a very sophisticated pattern! Relies on parallel structure: page 94 in Writers Inc.

2/2/2010

Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002.

13

Pattern #2
S V DO or SC; S [omitted verb] DO or SC Going to carnivals makes me happy;________________________ _________________; violent movies, uncomfortable.

_________________; Ireland and Scotland, much greener.


2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 14

Pattern #3
a compound sentence with an explanatory statement General statement (idea) : specific statement (example) IC : IC Darwins The Origin of Species forcibly states a harsh truth: Only the fittest survive.

The empty coffin in the center of the crypt had a single horrifying meaning: Dracula had left his tomb to stalk the village streets in search of fresh blood.
Remember Yogi Berras advice: it aint over till its over.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 15

Pattern #3
a compound sentence with an explanatory statement General statement (idea) : specific statement (example) IC : IC When do we use this pattern? When you want the second part of a sentence to explain the first part, give an example, or provide an answer to an implied question. The second clause answers the general question posed by the first. The pattern goes from general to specific. The second clause makes the first one clear.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 16

Pattern #3
a compound sentence with an explanatory statement General statement (idea) : specific statement (example) IC : IC __________________ : the students all got As on their papers. The store has changed its hours:_________________ I finally know how to write a good sentence:___________

2/2/2010

Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002.

17

Pattern #3
a compound sentence with an explanatory statement General statement (idea) : specific statement (example) IC : IC The teacher asked her the most important question :______ The student asked the teacher the most important question:______________ _____________: we toured the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame and Progressive Field.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 18

Pattern #4 a series without a conjunction


Include a series in your sentence anywhere without conjunctions. Separate the items by commas. The result will be a sentence with a quick staccato sound. Read the sentence aloud to ensure tone, sound, and fluency.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 19

Pattern #4 a series without a conjunction


The United States has a government of the people, by the people, for the people. The teacher handled the situation with great patience, wisdom, humor. It took courage, skill, knowledgeand he had them all. Do you often feel dragged out, knocked down, pooped, bushedplumb exhausted?
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 20

Pattern #4 a series without a conjunction


Watch out for parallel structure: The typical teenage user of tobacco is white, active, and athletic, and subjected to heavy peer pressure. The typical teenage user of tobacco is white, active, athletic, and peer pressure is heavy.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 21

Pattern #4 a series without a conjunction


An essay traditionally has three major parts: ___, ____, ____. ____, ____,____, the Browns left the stadium feeling dejected. When the Browns lost, the rowdy spectators at the stadium ____,____,____.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 22

Pattern #5 a series of balanced pairs (anywhere in the


sentence)
The pattern has a series of pairs 1, 2,3 or 4 with a conjunction between the items in each pair. To use this pattern, you need a sense of rhythm: the paired items must have a relationship of balance.

A and B

C and D , E and F

Eager yet fearful, confident but suspicious, wary and keen, Jason eyed the barber who would give him his first haircut. Great musicians seem to occur in pairs: Lennon and McCartney, Simon and Garfunkel. (you can have just two!)
Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002.

2/2/2010

23

Pattern #5 a series of balanced pairs (anywhere in the


sentence)
A B 1. Tea or coffee, _______ or _______, _______ or _______, C _______ or _______--these are all popular drinks. A 2. Some foods just seem to go together, like: ________ and B C ________ , ________ and ________ or ______ and ______. A B 3. Most Hollywood couples like _____ and _____ or _____ and _____ get divorced.
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 24

Pattern #5 a series of balanced pairs (anywhere in the


sentence) Create a sentence with a series of balanced pairs using the following words:
1. Elephants hippos gorillas monkeys

2. Veterans Day, Labor Day, Mothers Day, Fathers Day


2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 25

Pattern #6 an introductory series of appositives


Appositive, appositive, appositivesummary word S V The depressed, the stressed, the lonely, the fearfulall have trouble coping with problems.

Gluttony, lust, envywhich is the worst sin?


Bull riding, camel racing, bronco riding and ropingthese events mean rodeo to many people; they mean money to the cowboys.

2/2/2010

Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002.

26

Pattern #6 an introductory series of appositives


Appositive, appositive, appositivesummary word S V 1. _____, _____, _____--each of these people served their country well.

2. To _____, to______, to_______--such are the goals of the average college graduate.
3. ____ or ____ or ____or ____ or_____--what are you preferences for spring break?
2/2/2010 Based entirely on: Longknife, Ann. The Art of Styling Sentences. New York: Barron's, 2002. 27