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# PROJECTILE MOTION ACTIVITY Physics

Names:

## 3rd year Newton

Date:

Instructions: Perform the activity below and fill-in the table with the information you can derive from the interactive simulation. A. Constant Initial Speed Choose an initial speed and keep it constant. Vary the angle of release from 00-900 and record your observations. Initial Speed 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Angles of Release 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 85 90 Sine U of Initial Speed .342 .342 .342 .342 .342 .342 .342 .342 .342 .342 Cosine U of Initial Speed .94 .94 .94 .94 .94 .94 .94 .94 .94 .94 Time of Flight 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.7 3.2 3.6 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.1

Range 19.0 29.2 37.3 41.6 41.2 36.0 26.7 14.2 7.2 0.0

Height -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2

1. Using the same initial velocity,describe the trajectory of the projectile when the angle of release is varying from 0 to 90 degrees.
The objects highest point before falling down gets higher as the angle of release also gets larger but the distance that the object will travel becomes shorter and shorter as the angle of release gets larger.

## ARIEL C. LALISAN www.ariellalisan.com

Regional Science High School for Region XII Alabel, Sarangani Province

2. How does the range vary with the angle? What angle produces the longest range? The shortest?
If the angle of release gets larger the range becomes shorter. The angle that produces the longest range is 40 degrees and the shortest is 90 degrees.

## 3. How does the maximum height vary with each firing?

The maximum height of the object gets higher when the angle of release is getting larger.

## 4. How does the maximum time vary with each firing?

The time is getting longer as the angle of release is becoming larger but when the angle is 80, 85, 90 they will have the same maximum time.

B. Constant Angle of Release Keeping the angle of release constant, vary the initial speed of the projectile and record your observations in the table below. Initial Speeds 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 85 90 Angle of Release 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 Sine U of Initial Speed .174 .342 .5 .643 .766 .866 .94 .985 .996 1 Cosine U of Initial Speed .985 .94 .866 .766 .643 .5 .342 .174 .087 0 Time of Flight 2.1 4.0 6.0 7.9 9.9 11.8 13.8 15.8 16.8 17.8

Range 5.4 20.7 46.2 82.0 127.9 184.0 250.3 326.9 368.9 413.6

Height -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2

## ARIEL C. LALISAN www.ariellalisan.com

Regional Science High School for Region XII Alabel, Sarangani Province

1. Describe the trajectory of the projectile when the initial velocity is increased.
The trajectory is getting higher and higher and it covers larger distance.

2. Which of the factors (height, range, time) varies along with the change in initial speed.
All of these three factors vary as the initial speed increases.

C. Does the projectiles mass affect the trajectory in ideal situation? Keeping the initial velocity and angle of release constant record your observation on the projectile's trajectory when the mass is varying. Note: You can change the mass by changing the object. Make sure that the Air Resistance in not ticked.

## Object 1: Initial Speed 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

Angle of Release 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80

Sine U of Initial Speed .174 .174 .174 .174 .174 .174 .174 .174 .174 .174

Cosine U of Initial Speed .985 .985 .985 .985 .985 .985 .985 .985 .985 .985

Range 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7

Height -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2

Time of Flight 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1

## ARIEL C. LALISAN www.ariellalisan.com

Regional Science High School for Region XII Alabel, Sarangani Province

## Object 2: Initial Speed 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24

Football

Angle of Release 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36

Sine U of Initial Speed .407 .407 .407 .407 .407 .407 .407 .407 .407 .407

Cosine U of Initial Speed .914 .914 .914 .914 .914 .914 .914 .914 .914 .914

Range 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5 57.5

Height -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2

Time of Flight 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

## Object 3: Initial Speed 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

Piano

Angle of Release 61 61 61 61 61 61 61 61 61 61

Sine U of Initial Speed .276 .276 .276 .276 .276 .276 .276 .276 .276 .276

Cosine U of Initial Speed .961 .961 .961 .961 .961 .961 .961 .961 .961 .961

Range 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8 22.8

Height -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2

Time of Flight 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9

D. The Effect of Air Resistance Tick the Air Resistance option on the toolbar. Set an initial speed and angle of release. Vary the drag coefficient and record your observations in the table that follows. Use different objects, thus you have varied mass and shape.

## ARIEL C. LALISAN www.ariellalisan.com

Regional Science High School for Region XII Alabel, Sarangani Province

Object 1:

Baseball

Drag Coefficient 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

Initial Speed 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38 38

Angle of Release 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42

Sine U of Initial Speed .616 .616 .616 .616 .616 .616 .616 .616 .616 .616

Cosine U of Initial Speed .788 .788 .788 .788 .788 .788 .788 .788 .788 .788

Range 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4

Height -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2

Time of Flight 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Object 2: Drag Coefficient .16 .16 .16 .16 .16 .16 .16 .16 .16 .16

Golf Ball

Initial Speed 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43

Angle of Release 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35

Sine U of Initial Speed .682 .682 .682 .682 .682 .682 .682 .682 .682 .682

Cosine U of Initial Speed .731 .731 .731 .731 .731 .731 .731 .731 .731 .731

Range 120.8 120.8 120.8 120.8 120.8 120.8 120.8 120.8 120.8 120.8

Height -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2 -1.2

Time of Flight 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5

## ARIEL C. LALISAN www.ariellalisan.com

Regional Science High School for Region XII Alabel, Sarangani Province

2. What can be said about the horizontal component of the motion? What type of motion is it?

3. What can be said about the vertical component of the motion? What type of motion is it?

4. Based on your data, what is the relationship between the horizontal and vertical component of the projectiles motion?

5. How can your knowledge in projectile motion be used in real life situations? Enumerate at least three (3) different situations and explain how projectile motion can be observed in each situation.

## ARIEL C. LALISAN www.ariellalisan.com

Regional Science High School for Region XII Alabel, Sarangani Province