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Uploaded by Mark Anthony Dacela

Here is the PowerPoint Presentation of my lecture last Saturday. Again, the objective here is to identify the inadequacy of certain metaphysical theories of truth in the light of the Knowability Problem. I dissected three theories and identify the epistemic dilemma in each of them. I'm working on an article based on this lecture, just editing my notes.

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Ceniza

Mark Anthony Dacela DLSU Philosophy Department

1. What is X?

1. What is X? 2. How do we know X?

1. What is X? 2. How do we know X?

1. What is X? 2. How do we know X?

Green

Green

X = Proposition

X = Proposition

X = Proposition

X = Proposition Truth The tumbler is green.

X = Proposition Truth The tumbler is green.

X = Proposition Truth The tumbler is green.

P (where P is a complex proposition) is true only if:

P (where P is a complex proposition) is true only if: 1. A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs), and

P (where P is a complex proposition) is true only if: 1. A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs), and 2. A and B constitute P.

A

A B

A B

A and B constitute P.

A B

A and B constitute P.

C1: A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs),

C1: A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs),

A B

C1: A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs),

A B

C1: A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs),

A B

C1: A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs),

A B

A and B have the same structure as X and Y.

C1: A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs),

A and B (which constitute P) have the same structure as X and Y.

C1: A and B (where A and B are simple propositions) have the same structure as X and Y (where X and Y are states of affairs),

A and B (which constitute P) have the same structure as X and Y. = P is true.

Q1. What makes P true? Q2. How do we know that P is true? Q2*: How does S (where S is the knower) know that A and B have the same structure as X and Y ?

Correspondence Theory of Truth (CPT): Q2*: How does S know that A and B have the same structure as X and Y ? Q2*: What makes Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y true?

Correspondence Theory of Truth (CPT): Q2*: How does S know that A and B have the same structure as X and Y ?

Correspondence Theory of Truth (CPT): Q2*: How does S know that A and B have the same structure as X and Y ?

S s belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Definition (df.) 1. Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

X

The car is red A

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

X

The car is red A

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

A has the same structure as X.

X

The car is red A

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

A has the same structure as X.

X

The car is red A

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

A has the same structure as X.

X

The car is red A

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE. Problems: 1. NDEs cannot guarantee truth for S.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE. Problems: 1. NDEs cannot guarantee truth for S.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE. Problems: 1. NDEs cannot guarantee truth for S.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE. Problem: 1. NDEs cannot guarantee truth for S.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE. Problem: 1. NDEs cannot guarantee truth for S. NDEs merely offers a criterion of justification.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE. Problem: 1. NDEs cannot guarantee truth for S. NDEs merely offers a criterion of justification. NDE:. S is justified in believing that A and B have the same structure as X and Y = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

NDE: Ss belief that A and B have the same structure as X and Y is true = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE. Problem: 1. NDEs cannot guarantee truth for S. NDEs merely offers a criterion of justification. NDE:. S is justified in believing that A and B have the same structure as X and Y = Df. 1) Ss belief is grounded on NDE.

P is true only if: 1. P is part of A (where A is a coherent set of beliefs)

Q2.

P is true only if P is part of Ss set of coherent beliefs.

P: I am sick.

P: I am sick. P is part of A.

Does CT answer Q1 (What makes P true?)?

P: I am dog.

P: I am dog. P is part of A.

Problem:

Problem: CT merely offers a criterion of justification.

Problem: CT merely offers a criterion of justification. If P is part of Ss coherent set of beliefs then S is justified in believing that P.

Problem: CT merely offers a criterion of justification. If P is part of Ss coherent set of beliefs then S is justified in believing that P.

P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true.

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true.

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true.

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true.

X verifies P.

X

X verifies P.

X

= P is true.

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true. Does VT answer Q2?

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true. Does VT answer Q2? Q2**:

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true. Does VT answer Q2? Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P?

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true. Does VT answer Q2?

Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P? Problems:

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true. Does VT answer Q2? Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P? Problems: 1. The regress problem.

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true. Does VT answer Q2? Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P? Problems: 1. The regress problem. There is an X1 that verifies Ss belief that X verifies P.

VT: P is true only if: 1. There is an X (where X is a method of verification) that verifies P. 2. X verifies that P is true. Does VT answer Q2? Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P? Problems: 1. The regress problem. There is an X1 that verifies Ss belief that X verifies P. What justifies Ss belief that X1 justifies the belief that X verifies P?

Does VT answer Q2? Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P? Problems: 2. The problem of relativism.

Does VT answer Q2? Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P? Problems: 2. The problem of relativism. If X is merely created or imposed by S, then VT collapses into a form of relativism.

Does VT answer Q2? Q2**: How does S know that X verifies P? Problems: 2. The problem of relativism. If X is merely created or imposed by S, then VT collapses into a form of relativism. VT does not guarantee truth for S.

There are no truths.

There are no truths.

There are no truths.

There are no truths.

Mark Anthony Dacela DLSU Philosophy Department

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