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Michel Band: Metis Who Left Treaty

In Alberta there are many place names of Iroquois or Ojibwa origin include Calahoo, a
hamlet about sixteen kilometres northwest of Edmonton, was named for William Calahoo
an early Iroquois fur trade inhabitant. His descendants lived in the Lac Ste. Anne area and
were allotted a reserve after the signing of Treaty Six. At that time their leader was Chief
Michel Callihoo (or Calehouis) for whom the nearby Michel Reserve was named. Father
Lacombe wrote of the Iroquois at the Michel reserve saying their language was almost
extinct, replaced by Cree or French.

The Michel band entered Treaty 6 in 1878 by way of an adhesion, signed by Chief
Michel Callihoo. In 1880, a 40-square mile reserve was surveyed as “Michel I.R. 132" on
the Sturgeon River, about eight miles from the Roman Catholic Mission at St. Albert,
this reserve was confirmed by Order in Council PC 1151 on May 17, 1889.1

Following the 1885 Metis Resistance many Metis left treaty to take Metis Scrip. The
following people left Michel Band:2

Josephine Laderoute Band # 1.


Benjamin Bellecourt Band # 68.
Isadore Brunnerve Band # 50.
Constance Bellecourt Band # 57.
Paul Brunnerve Band # 66.
Calaitique Brunnerve Band # 50.
Victoline Breland Band # 28
Miline Breland Band # 28.
Christine Bellecourt, Band # 4.
John Callihoo, Band # 57.
Ellen Callihoo, Band # 26.
Sophey Cotteret Band # 2.
Louis Cotteret Band # 2.
Joseph Callihoo Band # 50.
Catherine Callihoo Band # 37.
Mary Callihoo Band # 37.
Elzear Callihoo Band # 37.
Josephine Cardinal Band # 50.
Sophia Collins (Gladu) Band # 15.
John Felix Callhoo Band # 21.
Olive Chalifoux Band # 13.
Albert Collins Band # 49.
Catherine Collins Band # 49.
Cecille Caliho Band # 28.

1
In 1958, the Michel Band is “enfranchised” by Indian Affairs, and the reserve is dissolved. This is the
only case of an entire band (save a few individuals) being involuntarily enfranchised.
2
Source: “List of Half-breeds who have withdrawn from Treaty” June 1892; PAC, Indian Affairs. RG 10,
Volume 3880, File 93,083.

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Adelle Calihoo nee Eneas Band # 21.
Baptiste Couterelle Band # 10.
La Louise Couterelle
nee Cardinal Band # 10.
Agatha Courterelle Band # 10.
Louis Callihoo Band # 29.
Alice Collins Band # 34.
Antoine Desjarlais Band # 7.
Isabella Desjarlais Band # 43.
Olivia Desjarlais Band # 43.
Susan Desjarlais Band # 33.
Christine Gladieu Band # 15.
Margaret Gladeu Band # 5.
Baptiste Galarneau Band # 13.
Benedict Gladeau Band # 19.
Catherine Gladu Band # 28.
Martine Gladue Band # 42.
Baptiste Gladu’s widow Band # 15.
Annie Gladeau Band # 34.
James Gladeau Band # 35.
Celestine Gladeau Band # 71.
Charles or Quintal Grand Band # 3.
John Dorien Gladieu Band # 23.
Jane Gladieu nee Collins Band # 23.
John Gladieu Band # 23.
Felix Dorien Gladieu Band # 24.
Cecille Gladieu nee Belcourt Band # 24.
Nancy Hamelin Band # 47.
Nancy Ignace Band # 42.
Adam Ignace Band # 42.
Rosalie Karakonte Band # 12.
Denny Karakonte Band # 12.
Gabrielle Laflour Band # 41.
Pierre Larocque Band # 6.
Pierre Larocque Jr. Band # 6.
John Larocque Band # 6.
Isabella Larocque Band # 6.
Isabella Loyer Band # 5.
Sophy Loyer Band # 49.
Jean Baptiste Letendre Jr. Band # 14.
Josephine Letendre
nee Gladeau Band # 14.
Jean Baptiste Letendre
dit Mooswah Band # 8.

Madeleine Letendre

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nee Gladeau Band # 8.
Bernard Mooswah Band # 10.
William Mooswah Band # 11.
Christine Mooswah Band # --
James Richards Band # 60.
Juliet Savard Band # 41.
Antoine Wah-pah-moon
dit Desjarlais Band # 7.