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'British Standard

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BS 6399 :.. Part 1 :.' '~1984 .:-~ .~

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UOC 69.04: 624.042.2/.3. ' .,.. .... ~ -. ,'?;::;~:'> .. '

© British Standards Institution. No part of this publication may be photocopied or otherwise reproduced without the

prior permission in writing or 8 S I. ~

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"~Design loading for buildings

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~~;~Part 1. Code of practice for dead and imposed loads

1:.'"i"""" iii-"''':

~;(Formerly CP 3: Chapter V: Part 1)

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.~~ Charges de calcul pour Ie batiment .

"'~--;f Partie 1. Charges mortes et chanqes irnposees. Code de bonne pratique

....

British Standards Institution

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BS 6399 : Pan

Table 1. Occupancy class index

Typical structures in class·

Self-contained dwelling units

Apartment houses, boarding houses, guest houses, hostels, lodging houses, residential clubs and communal areas

in blocks of flats

Hotels and motels

Prisons, hospitals, schools, colleges

Halls, auditoria, restaurants, museums, libraries, non-residential clubs, theatres, brodcasting studios, grandstands

Offices, banks

Shops, departmental stores, supermarkets Workshops, factorles

Warehouses

Garages, ~ar parks; vehicle accessramps

Class

Residential:

Type 1 Type 2

Type 3

Institutional and educational Public assembly

Offices Retail Industrial Storage

Ove~i~ular

No. of table containinll usages and loads

5 5

5 6 7

8 9 10 11 12

• The lists are not intended to be exhaustive but merely to indicate the type of structures included in the classes.

The imposed loads for floors are given in tables 5 to 12. Recommendations on the use of these loads will be fou nd in codes of practice for the structural use of materials.

Where recommendations are not given, the appropriate load will be whichever produce's the greater stresses in the part of the floor under consideration. I n the design of floors,' concentrated loads are considered to be applied in the positions which produce the maximum stresses and, where deflection is the design criterion, in the positions which produce maximum deflections. The concentrated load need not be considered where the floors are capable of effective lateral distribution of this load.

Concentrated loads when used for the calculation of bending and shear are assumed to act at a point. When used for the calculation of local effects, such as crushing or

O punching, they are assumed to act over the actual area of application. The sufficiency of the material needed to sustain the concentrated loads will be found in the

appropriate code of practice for the use of that material.

The imposed loads for beams are the dlstrlbuted-loads appropriate to the uses to which they are to be put,

as given in tables 5 to 12.

The general recommendations are not applicable to certain atypical usages particularly where mechanical stack ing, plant or machinery are to be installed and in these cases the designer should determine the loads from a knowledge of the equipment and processes likely to be employed.

The additional imposed load to provide for partitions, where their positions are not shown on the plans, on beams and floors, where these are capable of effective lateral distribution of the load, is a uniformly distributed load per square metre of not less than one third of the weight per metre run of the finished partitions, but not less than

1 kN/m2•

::.4.2 Ceiling supports and similar structures. The following ': loads are appropriate to the design of frames and coverings hatches (other than glazing), the supports of

ngs and similar structures:

(a) without access: no imposed load; or

(b) with access: 0.25 kN/m'l uniform:y distributed over the whole area or the area supported and a concentrated load of 0.9 kNso placed as to produce maximum stresses in the affected mem bars,

5. Beductionln 'total ~~p~sed floor loads

5.1 'No reduction should be made for any plant or machinery which is specifically allowed for, or for buildings for storage purposes, warehouses and garages.

5.2 Except as provided for in 5.1 and 5.3, the reductions, in assumed total imposed floor loads given in table 2 and table 3 may be taken in desiqninq colum ns, piers, walls, beams, thelrsupports and foundations. Where the floor is designed for 5 kN/m2 or more, 'the reductions shown in table 2 may be taken provided that the loading assumed is not less than it would have been if all floors had been ' designed for 5 kN/m2 with no reductions. The reductions given in table 3 do not apply to roofs.

Table 2. Reduction in total distributed imposed floor loads with number of storeys

Number of floors, including the roof, carried by member under construction

o 10 20 30 40 50

Reduction in total distributed imposed load on all floors carried by the member under consideratio n

%

2 3 4

5 to 10 over 10

2

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BS 6399 : Part 1 1984

Table 4. Horizontal loads on parapets and balustrades

Use A horizontal A UOL applied A point load applied
UOL to the infill of: to part of the i,nfill u

I kN/m run

I kN

I kN/m2

1i (a) Ught access stairs, gangways and the like not more
::I
c. than 600 rnrn wide 0.22 N/A N/A
...
c.
.,
U (b] Staircases, balconies, ramps, landings or floors
)(
., within, or servi ng exclusively, one dwelling 0.36 0.5 0.25
'"
'"
tl
'" (c) Staircases in residential buildings not covered by (a)
u
>- or (b) 0.36 1.0 0.50
u
e
~
0.>- (d) Staircases. landings, floors, balconies, flat roofs with
::1-
U.Q
g ~ access, walkways and edges of sunken areas not covered I
- on
<! : by (a) to (c) or (el to (i) 0.74 1.0 0.50
(e) Balconies or parts of balconies, stands, etc. having I
fixed ssatinq" within 530 mm t of the barrier 1.5 1.5 1.5
(f) Staircases, ramps, landings or floors in theatres,
cinemas, concert halls, assembly halls, stadlum.retc. 3.0 " 1.5 1.5
. ~ ~
'"
u (g) 'Designated' stadia See note N/A N/A
>-
:0
E (h) Footways or pavements, within building curtilage,
:l:
.. adjacent to access roads, basement or sunken areas 1.0 1.0 1.0
~
.~ -
:0 (i) Pavements or areas not less than 3 m wide adjacent
:::>
Q. to sunken areas, e.q. light wells, basement areas 3.0 1.5 1.5 o

• Fixed seating is seating where its removal and the use of the space for other purposes is improbable.

t The dimension of 530 mm is take'n to be'the minimum distance measured f.rom any part of the fixed seating to the barrier. Tip-up seats

should be considered in the up position. '

NOTE. Designated stadia are those requiring a safety certificate under the Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975 (see also BS 61801.

" . .;'

10. Vehicle barriers for car parks

10.1 The horizontal force F (in kNl. normal to and uniform ly distributed over any length of 1.5 m of a barrier

O for a car park, required to withstand the impact of a vehicle is given by:

F => 0.5 mt? s, + Ob

the force F appropriate to vehicles up to 2500 kg gross mass is taken as 150 kN.

10.3 Where the car park has been designed for vehicles whose gross mass exceeds 2500 kg the fallowing values are

used to determine the force F: '

m is the actual mass of the vehicle for which the car park is designed (in kg);

v .. 4.5 m/s;

o e = 100 mm. unless better evidence is available.

where

m is the gross mass of the vehicle (in kg);

v is the velocity of the vehicle (in m/s) normal to the barrier;

oe is the deformation of the vehicle (in mm); 0b is the deflexion of the barrier (in mm).

, 0.2 Where the car park has been designed On the basis that the gross mass of the vehicles using it will not exceed

2500 kg the following values are used to determ ine the force F:

m <; 1500 kg" v '" 4.5 m/s

fie = 100 mm unless better evidence is available.

For a rigid barrier, for which Ob may be taken as zero,

10.4 The force determined as in 10.2 or 10.3 may be considered to act at bumper height. In the case of car parks intended for motor cars whose gross mass does not exceed 2500 kg this height may be taken as 375 mm above the floor I evel.

10.5 'Barriers to access ramps of car parks have to withstand one half of the force determined in 10.2 or 10.3 acting at a height of 610 rnrn above the ramp.

Opposite the ends of stra ight ramps intended for downward travel which exceed 20 m in length the barrier has to withstand twice the force determined in 10.2 or 10.3 acting at a neight of 610 mm above the ramp.

-,The mass of 1500 kg is taken as being more representative of the vehicle population than the extreme value' of 2500 kg.

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Table 6. I nstitutional and educational occupancy class (prisons, hospitals, schools, colleges}

. I ntensity of distributed load

floor area usage

Conc8ntrated load

kN/m'2

4.8 for each metre of stack height but with a minimum

of 9.6

2.4 for each metre of stack height but with a minimum

of 6.5

4.0 for each metre of

storage height

Boiler rooms, motor rooms, fan rooms and the like, including 7.5

Neight of machinery· '.

bolridors: hallways, etc. subjectto load~ ~reater than from crowds.. 5.0

such as wheeled vehicles, trolleys and the like

Dense mobile stacking (books) on mobile trolleys

Stack rooms (books)

Stationery stores

Drill rooms and drill halls 5.0

Assembly areas without fixed seating, stages, gymnasia 5.0

Bars 5.0

Projection rooms 5.0

Corridors, hallways, aisles, stairs, landings, footbridges, etc. -4.0

Reading rooms with book storage, e.g. libraries (!O)

Assembly areas with fixed seating* 4.0

Laboratories (includ ing equ ipment}, kitchens, laundries 3.0

Classrooms, chapels 3.0

Reading rooms without book storage 2.5

Areas for equipment 2.0

X·ray r00:'15, operating rooms, utility rooms On~ rooms; lounges, billiard rooms Dressing rooms, hospital bedrooms and wards Toilet rooms

Bedrooms, dormitories

Balconies

2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.5

Fly galleries

Same as rooms to which they give access

but with

a minimum of 4.0

4.5 kN per metre run distributed uniformly over the width

Cat walks

kN 7.0

7.0

9.0 .;"
.,
4.5 .~
.*
4.5
9.0
3.6 4.5 .
4.5
4.5
2.7
z:
4.5
1.8
4.5
2.7
1.8 1.8

1.5 per metre run concentrated at the outer edge

1.0 at 1 m centres

• Fixed seating is seating where its removal and the use of the space for other purposes is improbable.

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Table 8, .Offices occupancy class (offices, banks)

Floor ana usage

Concentrated load

I ntensityof distributed load

Stationery stores

Boiler rooms, motor rooms, fan rooms and the like, including the weight of machinery

Corridors, hall Nays, etc. subject to loads greater than from crowds, such as wheeled vehicles, trolleys and the like'

File rooms, filing and storage space

Corridors, hallways, stairs, landings, footbridges, etc. Offices with fixed computers or similar equipment Laboratories (including equipment), kitchens, laundries Banking halls

o O!fices for general use Toilet rooms Balconies

Cat walks

kN/m2

4.0 for each metre of storage height

7.5

5.0

5.0 4.0 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.0

Same as rooms to wh ich they give access

but with

a minimum. of 4.0

kN 9.0

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5 4.5

2.7

1.5 per metre run concentrated at tlie outer edge

1.0 at 1 m centre

o

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BS 6399': Part 1 1984

Table 10. Industrial occupancy class (workshops, factories)

I ntensity of distributed load

Concentrated load

Floor area usaga

4.0 4.0 3.0 2.5 2.0

kN/m2 20.0

Foundries Cold storage

5.0 for each metre of storage height with a minimum of 15.0

4.0 for each metre of storage height

2.4 for each metre of storage height

12.5

7.5

Paper storage, for printing plants

Storage, other than types listed separately

o

Type storage and other areas in printing plants

Boiler rooms, motor rooms, fan rooms and the like, including the weight of machinery

Factories, workshops and similar bulldings

Corridors, hallways, footbridges, etc. subject to loads greater than for crowds, such as wheeled vehicles, trolleys and the I ike

Corridors, hallways, stairs, landings, footbridges, etc.

Machinery halls, circulation spaces therein

Laboratories (including equipment), kitchens, laundries Workrooms, light without storage

Toilet rooms

Cat walks

5.0 5.0

kN

9.0

9.0

7.0

9.0 4.5

4.5 4.5

4.5 4.5 4.5 1.8

1.0 at 1 m centres

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