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DRUG REVIEW

1. DeÕeievOee:

DeÕemÙe ievOe SkeâosMeesces{^efceJe cetuecemÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma,Vachaspatyam)

Root having smell like that of horse.

Promotes sexual potency like that of horse.

2. DeÕekeâvoe:

DeÕemÙe ces{^efceJe keâvoescetuecemÙee:~ (Vachaspatyam)

Root having smell like that of horse.

3. DeÕeeJejesnkeâ:

DeÕemlevces{^efceJeeJejesnefle Keueg~ (Vachaspatyam)

4. SueeheCeea:

SueeÙee FJe heCe&cemÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

SueeÙee heCe&efceJe heCe&cemÙee:~ (Vachaspatyam)

Leaves similar like Ela leaves.

5. keâÃegkeâer:

keâÃeÙeefle Mejerj keâevlÙeeefobkeâ ØekeâeMeÙeefle jesieeefokeâcegheMeÙeefleJee~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

Retains semen.

6. keâvoj:

keâced peuesve oerÙÙe&les~ (Vachaspatyam)

7. keâece efheCeer:

keâeceb cevees%eb heb DemlÙemÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

It promotes complexion.

8. keâeuekeâCeea:

keâeue: keâCeexÓmÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma ,Vachaspatyam)

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9. keâeuee:

keâeuees JeCeexÓmlÙemÙe:~ (Vachaspatyam)

10. keâcyegkeâe‰e:

keâcyeg efÛe$eJeCe& keâe‰b ÙemÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

11. kegâ‰ieefvOeveer:

kegâ‰mÙe ievOeesÓmlÙemÙee Fefle~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi ,Vachaspatyam)

Smell similar like kushtha.

12. ievOehe$eer:

ievOe Ùegòebâ he$eb ÙemÙee:~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi)

Leaves having smell.

13. ievOee:

ievOeÙeefle ievOeb efJeòejleerefle~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

It having smell.

14. ieeskeâCeea:

ieew: keâCe& FJe he$ecemÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

Leaves resembling cow’s ear.

15. legjieievOee:

legjiemÙe ievOe FJe ievOeesJemÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma))

Smell similar like turanga.

16. heueeMeheCeea:

heueeMemÙe heCe&efceJe heCe&cemÙee:~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

17. heg$eoe:

heg$eb ooeefle mesJeveeled ieYe& ooeefle~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi)

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Provides male potency.

18. hegCÙee:

hegCeefle Ùee hetÙelesÓveÙesefle Jee~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

hegCÙe keâes Øeoeve keâjves Jeeueer nesleer nw~

19. hegef oe:

hegef b ooeefle~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi,Shabda kalpadruma)

It promotes strength.

20 . yeueoe:

yeueb ooeefle~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi,Vachaspatyam)

It promotes strength .

21. yeuÙee:

yeueeÙe efnleb~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi,Shabda kalpadruma)

Its improves strength.

22. yengievOee:

yengie&vOees ÙemÙeeced~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

It has smell.

23. Jevepee:

Jeves peuesÓjCÙes Jee peeÙeles~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi ,Vachaspatyam)

Origine in forest.

24. Jejoe:

Jejb ooeefle (Shabdastoma mahanidhi ,Vachaspatyam)

Due to best.

25. Jejeefnkeâe:

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Jejenes Ye#ekeâlJesveemlÙemÙee~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi)

Eatable by pig .

26. Jeeefpeveer:

Jeepe: Jesie: he#ees Jee DemlÙemÙe Fefle~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi,Vachaspatyam)

27. JeepeerkeâjCe:

DeJeepeer JeepeerJe ef›eâÙelesÓvesve~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi,Shabda kalpadruma)

Improve sexual potency.

28. JeeefpeievOee:

Jeeefpevees Iees keâmÙe ievOeesÓmlemÙeeefceefle~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

Improve sexual potency.

29. JeejenkeâCeea:

JejenmÙeeJeb Jeejen FJe keâCe& he$ecemÙee:~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi ,Vachaspatyam)

Leaves resembling pig’s ear

30. JeeleIveer:

Jeeleb nvleerefle~ (Vachaspatyam)

It is useful in vatika disorder.

31. Jeejen:

JejenmÙesob efØeÙelJeele DeCe~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi)

It likes by pig

32. Je=<ee:

Je=<e mesÛeves~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

Promotes sexual potency like that of horse.

33. MÙeeceuee:

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MÙeece JeCe& ueeefle~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi ,Vachaspatyam)

34. mce=le:

mce= + òeâ:~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

Memory enhencer.

35. nÙeievOee:

nÙemÙesJe ievOeesÓmÙe~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi ,Vachaspatyam)

It promotes strength.

36. nÙeefØeÙee:

nÙemÙe efØeÙee~ (Shabda kalpadruma)

It likes by horse .

37. nÙe:

nÙeievOeesÓmlÙemÙee:~ (Shabdastoma mahanidhi)

Smell similar like haya (horse)

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Vernacular Names of Ashwagandha


Medicinal use of plants is well known through out the world since ages and the
plants are identified locally. As there are many continents, sub continents with many
regions and too many languages, various vernacular names are prevalent for the same
plant.
Acharya Charaka has advised a physician to become well versed with the
names and features of medicinal plants by taking the help of hunters, shepherds and
cowherds [C.S.Su. 1/21] so; vernacular names of plants are a treasure of valuable
observation carried out by the people over the centuries. The various vernacular names
given to Ashwagandha are enlisted below.
Table No: 2.1.2 Vernacular names of Ashwagandha in some National
Languages
S.No. Languages Names
1. Hindi Ashwagandha
2. Sanskrit Ashwagandha
3. Malyalam Dorgunja , Asandha
4. Gujrati Asandha, Ghodaahan , Ghodaakuna
5. Farasi Bahmane barri,Mahemani barri

6. Marathi Asakanda, Asandha

7. Karantaki Asadu
8. Tailangi Pillibhanga,Fainnairugaddu,Ashvagandhi

9. Bangali Ashwagandha, Asakanda, Dorgunja


10. Kannada Asandu, Amagura
11. Tamil Amkulanga, Agukkira
12. Udiya Ashwagandha
13. Urdu Asagandha Nagauri
14. Panjabi Isagandha
15. Asami Ashwagandha
16. Kasmiri r Asagandha
17. Gova Fataraphoda

(Kritikar & Basu)

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Table: 2.1.3 Vernacular names of Ashwagandha in some


International Languages:
S.No. Languages Names
1. Africans Ganeesblaar, Meidjieblaar, Vuilsiektebas
2. Arabic Kaknajehindi
3. Conarese Amangura, Asvagandha, Ashvagandhi, Hirrimaddina, Sogaberu
4. Dutch Asuth
5. Deccan Hindikakhuj, Natkiesgand
6. English Winter cherry

7. Fingo Uvimba
8. Hausa Karamanta
9. Jalawan Baibra
10. Kucchi Chil, Lakri
11. Kalat Lahaibaru
12. Kotra Chil, Lakri
13. Lasbela Baribru, Bodmar
14. Pabtills Baibru
15. Persian Kakhajehindi, Mehernanbarari
16. Pushtu Kutilal, Sin
17. Porbandar Ghodakun, Ghodasun, Ghodaakun, Sandiyanapopata
18. Sinhalese Amukkara
19. Suto Bofepha, Moferangopa, Moferangoe, Mosalamrupi. Mosalamopeng
20. Tibetan Asvagandha
21. Tigre Athmai
22. Tigrinia Agoll, Agull
23. Wad Lahaibaru
24. Yosa Ubuvumba
25. Zulu Ubuvimba
(Kritikar & Basu)

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CLASSIFICATION OF ASHWAGANDHA
The Ayurvedic classical texts have their own methodology about the
classification of Drugs. Acharya Charaka has made fifty Mahakashaya (group) and in
each Mahakashaya, he mentioned ten Drugs, which are similar in their therapeutic
actions, and the group was nominated according to the mukhya karmas of the
members Drugs. e.g. Balya, Svasahara, Krmighna, Dahaprasamana etc.Acharya
Sushruta has made thirty-seven Gana (groups) grouping Drugs having same action
and the group has been named after the mukhya Dravya (main Drug) e.g. Sursadi,
Shalasaradi Gana etc.The same method was followed by Vagbhatt and has described
33 Ganas.Further in Nighantu Kala various methods have been adopted for Drug
classification by the Nighantukaras. The Drug ashwagandha has been put under the
following groups by different texts:-
Table No: 2.1.4 Classification of Ashwagandha in different text

Sr.no Name of the Classified Under Varga References


Text

1. Charaka samhita Balya & vrahanniya 4-8/2, 4-9/7, 25-48/2


mahakashaya & madhura (sutra), 8/139 (vimana)
skandha,mulasava
2. Sushruta samhita Urdhavabhagahar dravya 39/3 (sutra)
3. Astanga sangraha Vrahanniya & balya mahakashaya 15/7, 15/12, 18/20
madhura skandha (sutra)
4. Astanga Nighantu Shyamadi gana 226
5. Dhanvantari Guduchyadi varga 1/262-63
Nighantu
6. Nighantu Shesa Gulma kanda 2/190
7. Sodhala Nighantu Guduchyadi varga 269
8. Hradaya dipaka Ekpad varga 1/89
Nighantu
9. Madanpal Haritakyadi varg 1/173-174
nighantu
10. Kaiyadeva Aushadhi varga 1/1044-46
Nighantu

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11. Bhava Prakas Guduchyadi varga 3/189


Nighantu
12. Raj Nighantu Shatahadi varg 109-112
13. Raj ballabha Nanaushadhi varga 6/13
Nighantu
14. Saligram Guduchyadi varga 293 (page no)
Nighantu
15. Abhidhana Kashaya skandha 6/36
Ratnamala
16. Nighantu Kantakaryadi varga 394 (page no)
Adarsha
17. Mahaushdha Bilvadi 3/41-42
nighantu
18. Priya nighantu Satpushpadi varga 3/110

RASA-PANCAKA OF ASHWAGANDHA

The five aspects of Pharmaco-dynamics described in Ayurveda are Rasa

(Taste present in the Drug), Guna (Properties), Veerya (Potency) Vipaka (Final Taste

after the digestion of the Drug) and Prabhava (Specific Effects).

õJÙees jmees iegCees JeerÙe& efJeheekeâ: MeefòeâjsJe Ûe~

heoeLee&: he_Ûe efle‰efvle mJeb mJeb kegâJe&efvle keâce& Ûe~~ (Bh.Pr.Pu.Kh. 6/169)

Acharya Charaka has stated that

^^fdafpælsu dq:rs deZ oh;sZ.k pkije~A


æO;a xq.ksu ikdsu izHkkos.k p fdapuAA (Ch.Su.26/17)

Certain Drugs manifest their action by virtue of their taste, some by


virtue of their potency or other qualities, some by Vipaka and others due to its
Prabhava. Similarly Acarya Sushruta has mentioned that-

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rr nzO;ekReuk fdafpfRdfp}hs;sZ.k lsfore~A


fdafpnzlfoikdkH;ka nks"ka gfUr djksfr ok AA (Su.Su.40/14)

Some substances either mitigate or aggravate the Dosas by their own self
(Dravya), some others do so by their Veerya, some else by their Rasa and yet others
by their Vipaka. Thus, the action of a Drug is completely based on the Rasapanchaka
of that Drug.

RASA OF ASHWAGANDHA
^^jlukFkksZ jl%AA (Ch.Su.1/64)

Rasa is the object of gustatory sense organ.

^^"kMso jlk--------------- e/kqjkEyyo.kdVqfräd"kk;k%AA (Ch.Su. 26/9)

Basically the Rasas are of six types, Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour), Lavana
(saline), Katu (Pungent), Tikta (bitter) and Kasaya (astringent). Rasa is an important
attribute of the Dravya. Acharya Charaka has emphasized that for the cure of diseases;
Drugs having one or more tastes may be prescribed.

The Rasas of Ashwagandha have been enlisted in the texts.


Table No. 2.1.5: Site of Rasas in Ashwagandha
SI.
SR.
BHP RAJ. KA. PR. DH. MD. NI. MAU. DG. NI.
RASA BHJ. REMARK
NO.
NI. NI NI. NI. NI NI RAT NI VI. ADS.
MA.

1 MADHURA - - - - - - - - - + + 2

2 AMALA - - - - - - - - - - - 0

3 LAVANA - - - - - - - - - - - 0
4 KATU - + - - - - + - - - - 2
5 TIKTA + + + + + + - + + + + 10
6 KASHAYA + - + - + + + + + + + 09

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The four Rasas are situated in Ashwagandha root, which have been well
specified in the texts, which are presented through the above table but TIKTA and
KASHAYA rasa are described all acharyas.

Guna of Ashwagandha
leok;h rq fu'ps"V dkj.ka xq.k%AA (Ch.Su. 1/51)

Guna possesses inseparable concomitance; it is the cause of the action and


itself devoid of efforts.

^;= fg nzO;a r=kfu;rks xq.k%AA (Ch.Su. 1/51)

Wherever there is Dravya, its distinctive properties are always there. Dravyas
without Gunas and Gunas without Dravyas are unimaginable. The Luminaries of
Ayurveda have enlightened the various properties of Ashwagandha.

The table following clears the picture of Guna of Ashwagandha

Table No. 2.1.6: Guna of Ashwagandha


SI.
SR. BHP RAJ. KA. PR. DH. MD. NI. MAU. DG. NI.
GUNA BHJ. REMARK
NO NI. NI NI. NI. NI NI RAT NI VI. ADS.
MA.

1 USNA + + + + + + + + - + + 10

2 LAGHU - - - - - - + - - - - 1

According to above table ashwagandha is USNA guna pradhan dravya.

Veerya of Ashwagandha
^^oh;Za rq fØ;rs ;su ;k fØ;kAA (Ch.Su. 26/65)

The term Veerya represents that aspect of Dravya by virtue of which it


manifests its action. There cannot be any action without potency; all actions are
caused by potency. The Drug Ashwagandha is asserted to have usna veerya. There is
no controversy regarding it in any samhita or Nighantu.

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Table No. 2.1.7: Veerya of Ashwagandha

Sr. VEERYA BHP RAJ. KA. PR. DH. MD. NI. MAU. SI. DG. NI. REMARK

no NI. NI NI. NI. NI NI RAT NI BHJ. VI. ADS.

MA.

1 SHEETA - - - - - - - - - - - 0

2 USNA + + + + + + + + - + + 10

According to above table Ashwagandha is USNA VEERYA pradhan dravya

Vipaka of Ashwagandha
pee"jsCeeefivevee ÙeesieeÅeogosefle jmeevlejced~
jmeeveeb heefjCeeceevles me efJeheekeâ Fefle mce=le:~ (As.Hr.Su. 9/20)

After intake, the Jatharagni digests the food. The properties that emerge
thereafter are known as 'Vipaka'. The 'Vipaka' is to be determined by its actions.
Vipaka is a broad term comprehending the digestion and metabolism. The Vipaka of
Ashwagandha is deemed to be Madhura in all the classics. Regarding the Veerya and
Vipaka of Dravyas there is certain general basic principles.

keâ gefleòeâkeâ<eeÙeeCeeb efJeheekeâ: ØeeÙeMe: keâ g:~


DecueesÓcueb heÛÙeles, mJeeogce&Oegjb ueJeCemleLee~~ (Ch.Su. 26/58)

The Vipaka of Dravya having katu, tikta, kasaya rasa will be katu while that
of amla rasa is going to be amla and that of madhura rasa will be madhura. Similarly
Dravya which are madhura in rasa and Vipaka are śitaveerya those with amla or katu
rasa and vipaka are usna veerya. The Dravyas that follows these general principles are
called Samanyapratyarabdha' Dravya. But some Dravyas are exceptions to principles;
they are called as 'Vichitrapratyarabdha'

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Table No. 2.1.8: Vipaka of Ashwagandha


VIPAKA BHP RAJ. KA. PR. DH. MD. NI. MAU. SI. DG. NI. DG. VANU. REMARK
Sr.
NI. NI NI. NI. NI NI RAT NI BHJ. VI. ADS. HS . NI.
no
MA.

1 MADHURA - - - - - - - - - + - - + 2

2 AMLA - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0

3 KATU - - - - - - - - - - + + - 2

Prabhava of Ashwagandha
jme JeerÙe& efJeheekeâeveeb meeceevÙeb Ùe$e ue#Ùeles~

efJeMes<e: keâce&Ceeb ÛewJe ØeYeeJemlemÙe me mce=le:~~ (Ch.Su. 26/67)

In spite of similarity in Rasa, Vīrya, Vipaka two Drugs differ with regard to

their action, the distinctive feature responsible for their distinctive effects is called as

'Prabhava' or specific action. This Prabhava is beyond all plausible explanations. The

Prabhava of Ashwagandha is its VATAKAPHASHAMAKA. This can be attributed


to the wide range of distinction in Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka of the Drug. The

VATAKAPHASHAMAKA of Ashwagandha is further detailed under the heading

Dosaghnata of Ashwagandha.

DOSAGHNTA OF ASHWAGANDHA

Ashwagandha is declared to be VATAKAPHASHAMAKA in most of the

texts .The various explanations for these are as follows: Ashwagandha has alluded

that it mitigates Vata due to Madhura and Kapha due to Tikta Rasa and Kasaya Rasa.

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Table No. 2.1.9: Dosaghnata of Ashwagandha

Sr. DOSHA DH. KA. RAJ. BHP NI. MAU. PR. MD. MAD. RAJ. SI. DG. NI. REMARK

no NI NI. NI NI. RAT NI NI. NI DG V.NI BHJ. VI. ADS.

MA.

1. VATA + + + + + + + + + - + + + 12

SHAMAKA

2. KAPHA + + + + + + + + + + + + + 13

SHAMAKA

KARMA OF ASHWAGANDHA (ACTIONS OF ASHWAGANDHA)


^^drZO;L; fØ;k deZ deZ ukU;nis{krs^^ (Ch.Su. 1/52)

Karma is the action relating to something to be achieved. It doesn't require any other
factor for its action. The actions of Ashwagandha are well described by the texts
which are put forward through the Table No. 2.1.10.

Table No. 2.1.10: KARMA of Ashwagandha


REMARK
Sr. KARMA DH. KA. RAJ. BHP NI. MAU. PR. MD. MAD. RAJ. SI.

no NI NI. NI NI. RAT NI NI. NI DG V.NI BHJ.

MA.

1 Balaprada + + + + + + + + + + + 11

2 Pustiprada - + - - + - - - - - - 2

3 Kaphahara + + - + + + - + - - + 7

4 Vatahara + + + + + + + + + + + 11

5 Vrashya + + - - + - + - - + - 5

6 Rasayana - + - + - + + + - + + 7

7 Kanti + - - - + - - - - - - 2

8 Shukrala - - - + - + - + - - - 3

9 Jaravyadhi - - - - + - - - - - - 1

nashanam

10 Dhatuvradhikara - - - - + - - - - - - 1

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Table No. : 2.1.11 Pharmacological Action of Ashwagandha in


Various Text book
S. Pharmacological Action I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX Remark

No.

1. Acrid + - - - - - - + - 2

2. Adaptogenic + + - - - - - - - 2

3. Alexipharmic + - - - - - - - - 1

4. Analgesic + - - - - - - - - 1

5. Antiinflammatory + - - - - - - - - 1

6. Anti pyretic + - - - - - - - - 1

7. Anti toxic - + - - - - - - - 1

8. Anti viral + - - - - - - - - 1

9. Antiaging + - - - - - - - - 1

10. Antiarthritic + + - - - - - - - 2

11. Antibacterial + + - - - - - - - 2

12. Anticancer - + - - - - - - - 1

13. Anticoagulant + - - - - - - - - 1

14. Anticonvulsant + + - - - - - - - 2

15. Antihelminthiatic - + - - - - - - - 1

16. Antioxident + + - - - - - - - 2

17. Antiradical - + - - - - - - - 1

18. Antispasmodic + - - - - + - - - 2

19. Antistress + + - - - - - - - 2

20. Antitumour + - - - - - - - - 1

21. Aphrodisiac + - - + + - + + - 5

22. Astringent + - - + - - - + + 4

23. Bradycardiac + - - - - - - - - 1

24. Cardioprotective + + - - - - - - - 2

25. Cardiotropic + - - - - - - - - 1

26. Chemopreventive - + - - - - - - - 1

27. CNS depressant + + - - - + - - - 3

28. Cytoprotective + - - - - - - - - 1

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S. Pharmacological Action I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX Remark


No.

29. Deobstruent + - - - - - - - - 1

30. Diuretic + + - + + - - + - 5

31. Hypnotic - - + + - - - - - 2

32. Hypocholesterolemic - + - - - - - - - 1

33. Hypoglycaemic - + - - - - - - - 1

34. Hypotensive + - - - - + - - - 2

35. Hypothermic + - - - - - - - - 1

36. Immunomodulatory + + - - - - - - - 2

37. Immunostimulatory + - - - - - - - - 1

38. Immunosuppressive + + - - - - - - - 2

39. Musculotropic action - - - - - + - - - 1

40. Narcotic - - - + + - - - - 2

41. Psychotropic + - - - - - - - - 1

42. Radiosensiting + - - - - - - - - 1

43. Respiratory stimulant + - - - - - - - - 1

44. Sedative + - + + - - - - - 3

45. Stimulant - - - - - - - + - 1

46. Tonic + - + + + - + + - 6

I.Database on Medicinal Plant used in Ayurveda II. Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia

III. Materia Medica of India and their therapeutic IV. The Indian Materia Medica

V.Indian Medicinal Plant VI. Wealth of India

VII. Materia Medica of Hindus VIII. Indian Medicinal Plant (Arya Vaidya shala)

IX. Pharmacogonosy of Ayurvedic Drug

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ROGAGHNATA OF ASHWAGANDHA

(THERAPEUTIC INDICATIONS OF ASHWAGANDHA)

By the virtue of its versatile properties and actions Ashwagandha is being indicated
for several maladies. Ashwagandha is recommended for Pandu Roga by most of the
authors. The various therapeutic indications of Ashwagandha are exhibited by means
of the Table No. 2.1.12.

Table No. 2.1.12 ROGAGHNATA OF ASHWAGANDHA

REMARK
Sr. ROGA DH. KA. RAJ. BHP NI. MAU. PR. MD. MAD. RAJ. SI.

no GHNATA NI NI. NI NI. RAT NI NI. NI DG V.NI BHJ.

MA.

1 Kasha - + - + - - - + + - - 4

2 Vrana + + - + - - - + - - - 4

3 Shopha - + - - - + - - - - - 2

4 Kandu - + - - - - - + - - - 2

5 Visha + + - - - - - + - - - 3

6 Shivatra - + + - + + - + + - + 7

7 Krimi - + - - - - - + - - - 2

8 Shwasa - + - + - - - + + - - 4

9 Kshata - + - - - - - + - - - 2

10 Kshaya - + + + + + - + + - + 8

11 Shotha - - + - + - - + - - - 3

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Table No 2.1.13 Uses of Ashwagandha

S. Uses I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX Remark


No.

1. Anal fistula - + + + - - - - - 3

2. Antihelmintiatic - - - - - + - - - 1

3. Arthropathies - - - - - + - - - 1

4. Asthma + - - - + + - - - 3

5. Carbuncles + + - + + - - + - 5

6. Cardiac disorders + - - - - - - - - 1

7. Constipation + - - - - - - + - 2

8. Consumption + + + + + - + - + 7

9. Cough - - - - - + - - - 1

10. Deafness - + + + - - - - - 3

11. Diarrhoea - - - - - + - - - 1

12. Dropsy - - - - - + - - - 1

13. Dysentry - + + + - - - - - 3

14. Dyspepsia - - - - + + - - - 2

15. Emaciation - - - - + - - - - 1

16. Female disorders - - - - - + - - - 1

17. Gastritis - - - - + - - - - 1

18. Haemorrhoids - - - - + - - - - 1

19. Hemiplegia - + + + - - - - - 3

20. Hiccup - - - - - + - - - 1

21. Insomnia + - - - - - - + - 2

22. Leprosy - + - + - - - - - 2

23. Leucoderma + - - - - - - + + 3

24. Leucorrhoea - + + + - - - - - 3

25. Loss of memory - - + - - - - - - 1

26. Loss of muscular - - + - - - - - - 1


energy

27. Lumbago - - + - - - - - - 1

28. Lumber pain + - - - - - - - - 1

47
DRUG REVIEW

S. Uses I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX Remark


No.

29. Marasmus of + - - - - + - - - 2
children

30. Nervous disorders + - + - - - - - - 2

31. Psoariasis + - - - - - - - - 1

32. Rheumatic fever - - + - - - - - - 1

33. Rheumatic - - + - - - - - - 1
swellings

34. Rheumatism - + + + + + + - + 7

35. Rheumatoid - - - - - + - - - 1
arthritis

36. Scabies + - - - - + - - - 2

37. Seniledebility + - + - - + - - - 3

38. Snake bite - - - - + - - - - 1

39. Spermatorrhoea - - + - - - - - - 1

40. Swelling - - - - - - - - + 1

41. Syphilis - - + - + + - - - 3

42. Tetanus - + + + - - - - - 3

43. Toxicosis - - - - - - - - + 1

44. Ulcers + - + - + + - + + 6

I.Database on Medicinal Plant used in Ayurveda II. Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia

III.Materia Medica of India & their therapeutic IV. The Indian Materia Medica

V.Indian Medicinal Plant VI. Wealth of India

VII. Materia Medica of Hindus VIII. Indian Medicinal Plant (Arya Vaidya shala)

IX. Pharmacognosy of Ayurvedic Drug

48
DRUG REVIEW

Table No: 2.1.14 Formulations of Ashwagandha in various texts

Ashwagandha has been mentioned as single drug or in compound formulation


from vedic period to present era. Various formulations of Ashwagandha have been
mentioned in following table.

Formulations Rogadhikar /chapter Ref. Sthan

Kushthadi lepa Aragvadhiya 3/8 Sutra sthan

Vrahaniya Shatvirechanashatashritiya 4-8/2 Sutra sthan


makashaya
Balya Shatvirechanashatashritiya 4-9/7 Sutra sthan
makashaya
Mulasava Yajja purushiya 25-48/2 Sutra sthan
CHARAKA SAMHITA

Madhura Rogabhishagjatiya 8/139 Viman sthan


skandha
Virechana Rogabhishagjatiya 8/136 Viman sthan
dravya
Vajikarana Vajikaran chikitsa 2-1/34 Chikitsa sthan
ghrita
Agurvadi taila Jvar chikitsa 3/267 Chikitsa sthan

Utsadanartha Rajayakshma 8/176 Chikitsa sthan


aushadha dravya
Udararoga Udar chikitsa 13/109 Chikitsa sthan
nashaka lepa
Tumburvadi Arsha chikitsa 14/50 Chikitsa sthan
dhupana
Vividha prayoga Hikka swash chikitsa 17/117 Chikitsa sthan

Dhumapana Kash chikitsa 18/75 Chikitsa sthan


vividhaproyoga
Granthivisarpa Visharp chikitsa 21/124 Chikitsa sthan
me pradeha
Gandhahastiagada Visha chikitsa 23/70 Chikitsa sthan

49
DRUG REVIEW

Mahagandhahasti Visha chikitsa 23/80 Chikitsa sthan


agada
Amrata ghrita Visha chikitsa 23/244 Chikitsa sthan

Kushthadi taila Urustambha chikitsa 27/43 Chikitsa sthan

Ashvagandhadi Urustambha chikits 27/50 Chikitsa sthan


utsadan
Anaya taila paka Vatavyadhi chikitsa 28/166 Chikitsa sthan

Vrashamuladi Vatavyadhi chikitsa 28/170 Chikitsa sthan


taila
Jivakadi Vatashonita chikitsa 29/73 Chikitsa sthan
mahasneha
Mushaka taila Vatavyadhi chikitsa 28/173 Chikitsa sthan

Arandamuladi Bastisutriya siddhiradhyay 3/39 Siddhi sthan


niruha basti
Dashamuladi Sneha vyapatsiddhi 4/4 Siddhi sthan
anuvasan taila
Anantavata Trimarmiya siddhi 9/87 Siddhi sthan
chikitsa
Arandamuladi Uttarabasti siddhi 12-15/2 Siddhi sthan
yapan basti
Dvitiya baladi Uttarabasti siddhi 12-16/6 Siddhi sthan
yapna bastie
Baladi anuvasan Uttarabasti siddhi 12-18/2 Siddhi sthan
basti
Kashrya Dosha dhatumalakshya 15/40 Sutra sthan
SUSHRUTA SAMHITA

vriddhi
Godhadi yoga Karma vyadhabandhan 16/21,23,24 Sutra sthan
vidhi
Matulungadi Mishrikamadhyay 36/6 Sutra sthan
yoga
Vrana ropana Mishrikamadhyay 36/24 Sutra sthan

Utsadan dravya Mishrikamadhyay 36/31 Sutra sthan

50
DRUG REVIEW

Urdhvabhag Sanshodhana sanshamaniya 39/3 Sutra sthan


sansodhan
vamak

Sarvanupan Annapan vidhi 46/438 Sutra sthan


varga

Mahabala taila Mahavata vyadhi 5/10 Chikitsa sthan

Bala tail sutika Mudagarbha chikitsa 15/33 Chikitsa sthan


roga

Kaphaj visharpa Visarpa nadirogastana 17/14 Chikitsa sthan

Paripota chikitsa Mishrika chikitsatam 25/15 Chikitsa sthan

Unamantha pali Mishrika chikitsatam 25/18 Chikitsa sthan


roga

Akarnapali Mishrika chikitsatam 25/26 Chikitsa sthan


vardhan roga

Chitrakadi taila Anuvasanottara 37/17 Chikitsa sthan


anuvasnarth

Anuvasan basti Anuvasanottara 37/12 Chikitsa sthan

Bhutikadi taila Anuvasanottara 37/20 Chikitsa sthan

Sampakadi Niruhakrama chikitsa 38/43 Chikitsa sthan


asthapan

Ashwagandhadi Shosa pratishedha 41/43 Uttar tantra


kshira
SUSHRUTA SAMHITA

Phala ghritam Unmade pratishedha 62/28 Uttar tantra

Ashwagandhadi Shosa pratishedha 41/42 Uttar tantra


churanam

Ashwagandhotsa Shosa pratishedha 41/44 Uttar tantra


danam vasa
ghritam

51
DRUG REVIEW

Bala taila Garbhvyapada 2/50 Sharir sthan


nirupana

Naga baladi Kasa chikitsamd 3/122 Chikitsa sthan


ghrita

Vashistha Kasa chikitsamd 3/133 Chikitsa sthan


haritaki

ashwagandhadi Rajayakshmadi chikitsa 5/25 Chikitsa sthan


ghrita

Pustikarak Rajayakshmadi chikitsa 5/79 Chikitsa sthan


ubatana

Vadhrmavraddha Vidradhi chikitsatam 13/41 Chikitsa sthan


yadinashaka
sukumar taila

Dadhika ghrita Gulam chikitsam 14/14 Kalpa sthan

Vatakaphaghana Basti kalpa 4/7 Kalpa sthan


basti prayoga

Sneha basti Basti kalpa 4/54 Uttar sthan

Lakshadi taila Balamaya pratishedha 2/55 Uttar sthan

Kashyap ghrita Balamaya pratishedh 2/50 Uttar sthan

Balagraha Balgraha pratishedh 3/54 Uttar sthan


nashaka dhupa

Kaphadhikyadi Swash hikka chikitsa 4/39 Uttar sthan


ASTANG HRIDAYA

me aushadha

Siddharthakadi Bhuta pratishedha 5/15 Uttar sthan


agada

Karnavardhaka Karma roga pratishedha 18/56 Uttar sthan


sneha

Unmantha Karma roga pratishedha 18/45 Uttar sthan


chikitsa

52
DRUG REVIEW

Palishosadi Karma roga pratishedha 18/40 Uttar sthan


chikitsa

Ropana Vranavigyan pratishedha 25/52 Uttar sthan

Yoni dosha par Gulma roga pratishedha 34/64 Uttar sthan


phalaghrita

Vidarigandhadi Rasayana vidhi 39/61 Uttar sthan


rasayana yoga

Nanavrishaya Vajikaran vidhi 40/14 Uttar sthan


yoga

Ashwagandhadi Annaraksha vidhi 8/44 Sutra sthan


pradeha

Vamanopayogi Shodhanadi gana sangraha 14/3 Sutra sthan

Vranhaniya Mahakashaya sangraha 15/7 Sutra sthan

Madhura Rasabhediya 18/20 Sutra sthan


skandha

Krasha chikitsa Dvividhopakramaniyo 24/54 Sutra sthan

Rodhradi yoga Raktapitta chikitsa 3/46 Chikitsa sthan

Nagabalaghrita Kshatakshayakasa chikitsa 5/76 Chikitsa sthan

Vashishthamuni Kshatakshayakasa chikitsa 5/89 Chikitsa sthan


prokta rasayana

Tvagadi yoga Rajayakshma chikitsa 7/58 Chikitsa sthan

Praseka Rajayakshma chikitsa 7/107 Chikitsa sthan


ASTANG SANGRAH

Chitrakadi yoga Athatoarshasam chikitsa 10/9 Chikitsa sthan

Balya Mahakashaya sangraha 15/12 Sutra sthan

Sukumar ghrita\ Vidradhi vraddhi chikitsa 15/20 Chikitsa sthan

Pinyakadi yoga Shvayathu chikitsa 19/18 Chikitsa sthan

Ajgandhadi yoga Visharpa chikitsa 20/6 Chikitsa sthan

53
DRUG REVIEW

Panchmuladi Vata vyadhi chikitsa 23/28 Chikitsa sthan


yoga

Lasunadi yoga Vata vyadhi chikitsa 23/41 Chikitsa sthan

Rasna taila Vata vyadhi chikitsa 23/47 Chikitsa sthan

Nimbadi yoga Vata shonita 24/14 Chikitsa sthan

Erandadi yoga Basti kalpa 4/5 Kalpa sthan

Dashamuladi Siddha basti prakarana 5/27 Kalpa sthan


yoga

Sahadevadi yoga Balopcharniya 1/62 Uttar sthan

Prapaundarikadi Balopcharniya 1/68 Uttar sthan


yoga

Yastayadi yoga Balamaya pratishedh 2/50 Uttar sthan


namadhyay

Vachadi yoga Balamaya pratishedh 2/73 Uttar sthan

Sarivadi yoga Balgraha pratishedh 3/6 Uttar sthan

Hrisvadi Pratyeka graha pratishedha 6/48 Uttar sthan


panchmuladi

Mukhamanditika Pratyeka graha pratishedha 6/47 Uttar sthan

Yastayadi yoga Karna roga pratishedhiyam 22/45 Uttar sthan

Madhuraskandha Karna roga pratishedhiyam 22/82 Uttar sthan


di yoga

Chamachatikadi Palishoshosha 22/84 Uttar sthan


yoga

Manjishthadi Guhya roga pratishedhiyam 39/81 Uttar sthan


yoga

Vranhana yoga Rasayana vidhi nam 49/166 Uttar sthan

Vatakapha Rasayana vidhi nam 49/182 Uttar sthan


chikitsa

54
DRUG REVIEW

Vishshaman Visha chikitsa 3/56 Tratiya


sthan
namak taila

Draksha avaleha Apasmar chikitsa 18/34 Tratiya


sthan

Sarvanga vayu chikitsa Vata vyadhi chikitsa 20/60 Tratiya


sthan
HARITA SAMHITA

Bala aadi aushadha Vata vyadhi chikitsa 20/81 Tratiya


sthan

Narayana namak taila Vata vyadhi chikitsa 20/108 Tratiya


sthan

Narayana namak taila Vata vyadhi chikitsa 20/112 Tratiya


sthan

Kshayomardan yoga - - Chikitsa


sthan
BHELA SAMHITA

Dadhika ghrita - 5/20 Chikitsa


sthan

Dvipanchmulyadi tailam Visharpavata sonita - Chikitsa


sthan

Prashasta niruhantaram Phalamatra siddhi 7/17 Siddhi


Sthan

Revati yoga Balagraha chikitsa - Chikitsa


KASHYAPA SAMHITA

sthan

Ashwagandhadi yoga Rajayakshma chikitsa - Chikitsa


sthan

Bala taila Dhatri chikitsa - Chikitsa


sthan

Shishu sneha Mangalasiddhi - Siddhi sthan

Sarva dosha hara niruha Mangalasiddhi - Siddhi sthan

55
DRUG REVIEW

Vata javara Jvaradhikar 8/98 Siddhi sthan

Sankar sveda me Sutikopkramniya 11/92 Siddhi sthan


adhyay

Santap me Sutikopkramniya 11/161 Siddhi sthan


adhyay

Eranda basti vata Basti - Siddhi sthan


roganashak visheshaniyadhyay

Kaamdev ghrita Raktapitta chikitsa 9/53 Chikitsa


sthan

Rajyakshmanyashwagand Raiyakshma chikitsa 10/9 Chikitsa


haadi kashaya sthan

Rajyakshrmarnashrgarjun Raiyakshma chikitsa 10/26 Chikitsa


adhya churanamd sthan

Kshayadau Raiyakshma chikitsa 10/80 Chikitsa


nagabalaghritam sthan

Urakshata chikitsa Raiyakshma chikitsa 10/95 Chikitsa


sthan

Ghradhrasyam Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/69 Chikitsa


triyodashanga guggula sthan

Vateashwagandhayyam Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/90 Chikitsa


ghritam sthan

Mahabalataila Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/104 Chikitsa


sthan

Vatavyadhyadau narayan Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/120 Chikitsa


taila sthan
CHAKRADATTA

Vatadau ashwagandha Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/141 Chikitsa


taila sthan

Vataroge linshtiprasarini Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/174 Chikitsa


taila sthan

Pakshaghatadau Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/194 Chikitsa


mahamansha tailam sthan

56
DRUG REVIEW

Vividhavata roge Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/120 Chikitsa


saptashatika prasarini taila sthan

Vatavyadhau maharaj Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/258 Chikitsa


prasirini tailamd sthan

Ashtodare devadarvadi Udar chikitsa prakaran 37/23 Chikitsa


pradeha sthan

Bhagnelaksha guggula Bhagna chikitsa 49/14 Chikitsa


prakarana sthan

Kushtha me Kushtha chikitsa 50/15 Chikitsa


kushthadyamuddhavartanam sthan

Kaphaja Visharpa visphota 53/14 Chikitsa


visharpeajagandhadi lepa chikitsa sthan

Pushtayadikashmashwaga Bal roga chikitsa 64/66 Chikitsa


ndha ghritam sthan

Shareer pushtyartham Rasayanadhikar 66/16 Chikitsa


sthan
ashwagandha
CHAKRADATTA

Vrashyartha Vrashyadhikar 67/28 Chikitsa


godhumadyam ghritamd sthan

Linga sauthilye kanak Vrashyadhikar 67/46 Chikitsa


rasbhavita ashwagandha sthan
prayoga

Stanadi Vrashyadhikar 67/48 Chikitsa


vriddhayarthamaashwagan sthan
dha tailam

Vatadau mahanarayan Vatavyadhi chikitsa 22/134 Chikitsa


taila sthan

Vataraktatadau Vatarakta 23/65 Chikitsa


yogasaramritam sthan

Urustambhe kushthadya Urustambha 24/14 Chikitsa


tailam sthan

57
DRUG REVIEW

Karnapali pustikarne Nasa roga chikitsa 58/54 Chikitsa


shatavaryadi tailam sthan

Yoni dradikarne vachadi Yonivyapad roga 62/18 Chikitsa


leap chikitsa prakarana sthan

Vatanashakogana Avata vyadhi chikitsa 22/80 Chikitsa


sthan

Mutrakrichchhadau Mutrakrachcha chikitsa 32/29 Chikitsa


trikantakadya tailam sthan

Stanadivriddhayarth Yoni vyapad roga 62/56 Chikitsa


kashishadyam taila chikitsa prakarana sthan

Garbhapradahayagandha Yoni vyapad roga 62/26 Chikitsa


chikitsa prakarana sthan

Linghavardhaka Yoni vyapad roga 67/53 Chikitsa


bhallatakadi lepa chikitsa prakarana sthan

Khalitya laipa Shirorogadhikar 1/9 -

Yashtayadi churna Rajayakshmadhikar 12/5 -


karshya

Mandayatikarasagandhra Strirogadhikar 31/45 -


mocharas
RAJMARTTANDA

Shronyadivardhanartha Karnarogadhikar 2/11 -


prayoga

Indriyavardhanarth apro Karnarogadhikar 2/17 -


yoga

Krimidanta me gunjadi Mukharogadhikar 5/13-14 -


mula prayoga

Aproashwagandhadi Stanarogadhikar 6/2 -


pralepa

Yavadi churna balyam Rajyakshmadhikaro 12/6 -

Urustambhe apra prayoga Vatarogadhikar 22/2 -

Apro rasayana prayoga Rasaynavajidhikar 33/33 -

58
DRUG REVIEW

Geele dravya prayoga Paribhasha prakarana 1/45 Purva


khandha

Shukrala dravya Dipana pachanadika 4/16 Purva


khandha

Maharasnadi kwath Kwathadi kalpna 2/90 Madhyam


khandha

Ashwagandhadi churna Churna kalpna 6/158 Madhyam


khandha

Kamdev ghrita Ghrita taila kalpna 9/27 Madhyam


khandha

Narayana taila Ghrita taila kalpna


SHARANGDHARA SAMHITA

9/101 Madhyam
khandha

Narayana taila Ghrita taila kalpna 9/105 Madhyam


khandha

Praseka Ghrita taila kalpna 9/103 Madhyam


khandha
Kulatthadi yoga Sveda vidhi 2/27 Uttara
khandha
Lingavriddhikar (1) Lepa vidhi 11/113 Uttara
khandha
Lingavriddhikar (2) Lepa vidhi 11/115 Uttara
khandha
Sudarshan churna Jwaradhikar 1/135 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)

Dvitiya lakshadi Jwaradhikar 1/149 Chi.adh.


tailamah (Ma. Kh.)
BHAVAPRAKASH

Mahalakshadi tailamah Jwaradhikar 1/154 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Rasa pradipokta sheeta Jwaradhikar 1/603 Chi.adh.


keshari rasa (Ma. Kh.)

Pralepaka chikitsamah Jwaradhikar 1/647 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Sandhika sannipatasya Jwaradhikar 1/664 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

59
DRUG REVIEW

Vrahatkushmandavaleha Rajayakshma chi. 9/64 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Baladi churnamah Urakshata chi. 11/63 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Sarasvata churnamah Unmada chi. 22/46 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Trayodashanga guggula Vata vyadhi 24/117 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Mahabala taila mah Vata vyadhi 24/175 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Hradayagata vayu ch. Vata vyadhi 24/252 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Mahamashadi taila Vata vyadhi 24/268 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Madhyam narayana taila Vata vyadhi 24/281 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Mahanarayana taila Vata vyadhi 24/308 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)
Pralapaka chikitsamah Vata vyadhi 24/52 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Rasnadi kwathmah Urustambha 25/27 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
BHAVAPRAKASH

Kushthadya tailamah Urustambha 25/34 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Dvipanchmuladya taila Urustambha 25/43 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)
Maharasnadi kwath Amavata 26/133 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Mahaguduchi ghritamah Vatarakta 29/113 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)

Jivakaj mishrka Vatarakta 29/152 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

60
DRUG REVIEW

Yogasaramrita mah Vatarakta 29/247 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)

Ashagandha taila Vatarakta 29/76 Chi.adh.


(Ma. Kh.)
Amritadi yoga Mutrakrachchadhikar 35/13 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Sukumar Mutrakrachchadhikar 35/49 Chi.adh.
kumarapunarnavadya (Ma. Kh.)
Gokshuradi churna Prameha pidikadhikar 38/82 Chi.adh.
gutikemah (Ma. Kh.)
Ashwagandha ghrita Karshyadhikar 40/10 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Karshya chikitsa Karshyadhikar 40/8 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Ashwagandha tailamah Karshyadhikar 40/9 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Ajagandhadi taila Vranashodhadhikar 47/24 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Dashamuladi yoga Vranashodhadhikar 47/40 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Vrana ropna Vranashodhadhikar 47/64 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Lakshaaadyaguggulamah Bhagnadhikar 48/34 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Garbhdharana prakaran Yonirogadhikar 70/26 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Phalagrita Yonirogadhikar 70/55 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)
Gokshuradi modakamah Rativarddhan yoga 72/25 Chi.adh.
(Ma. Kh.)

Strirati vallabha Vajikarnadhikar 72/35 Chi.adh.


pugapaka (Ut. Kh.)

61
DRUG REVIEW

62