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Excretory Unit Group Test Names:

Group members must work together on all questions.

Part A. Multiple Choice. Circle the BEST answer.

1. Which of the following is excreted by the lungs?


A. Urea.
B. Ammonia.
C. Bile pigments.
D. Carbon dioxide.

2. Identify the correct order of structures through which urine passes on its way out of the body.
A. renal pelvis _ collecting duct _ ureter _ bladder _ urethra
B. collecting duct _ renal pelvis _ ureter _ bladder _ urethra
C. bladder _ collecting duct _ urethra _ renal pelvis _ ureter
D. urethra _ ureter _ bladder _ renal pelvis _ collecting duct

3. In the chart to the right, which of the following is the


correct sequence of structures from highest to lowest
concentration of urea?
A. 2, 1, 3
B. 2, 3, 1
C. 3, 1, 2
D. 3, 2, 1

4. In the diagram to the right, which of the


following statements comparing blood in X to
blood in Y is true?
A. The concentration of urea is higher in X.
B. The concentration of oxygen is lower in X.
C. The concentration of glucose is higher in Y.
D. The concentration of carbon dioxide is
lower in Y.

5. The collecting ducts are located in which


of the following structures?
A. ureter
B. urethra
C. renal pelvis
D. renal medulla

6. Active transport of glucose into the blood occurs in the


A. glomerulus.
B. collecting duct.
C. Bowman’s capsule.
D. proximal convoluted tubule.
7. The following data were collected from a normal kidney during a one minute period:

How much blood will enter the renal vein over this one minute period?
A. 1 mL.
B. 480 mL.
C. 599 mL.
D. 720 mL.

8. Where in the kidney could the conditions indicated in the table below be found?
A. distal tubule
B. proximal tubule
C. afferent arteriole
D. Bowman’s capsule

9. Which of the following organelles is found in large numbers in the cells which line the
proximal convoluted tubule?
A. Cilia.
B. Mitochondria.
C. Golgi apparatus.
D. Rough endoplasmic reticulum.

10. Which of the following describes the tissues surrounding the loop of Henle?
A. High H+ __concentration, high K__+ concentration.
B. Low water concentration, low salt concentration.
C. High salt concentration, low water concentration.
D. High water concentration, low K+ __concentration.

11. Which of the following would cause increased water reabsorption by the kidneys?
A. increased blood volume
B. increased cardiac output
C. decreased blood pressure
D. decreased ADH secretion

12. If a drop in the pH of the blood occurs, the kidneys will


A. increase the absorption of urea.
B. decrease the absorption of sodium ions.
C. decrease the secretion of hydrogen ions.
D. increase the reabsorption of bicarbonate ions.

13. High concentrations of ADH (antidiuretic hormone) in the blood will result in
A. increased excretion of H2 O.
B. decreased pressure filtration.
C. decreased reabsorption of glucose.
D. increased solute concentration of the urine.
14. Alcohol affects the release of ADH. Alcohol causes an increase in the volume and a decrease
in the concentration of urine produced. Therefore, ADH affects the
A. Loop of Henle.
B. collecting duct.
C. proximal tubule.
D. Bowman’s capsule.

15. Low blood volume will result in


A. increased secretion of ADH and aldosterone.
B. decreased secretion of ADH and aldosterone.
C. increased secretion of ADH and a decrease in aldosterone.
D. decreased secretion of ADH and an increase in aldosterone.

16. Which of the following symptoms might be an indication of kidney failure?


A. Salt in the urine.
B. Urea in the urine.
C. Protein in the urine.
D. Uric acid in the urine.

17. The concentration of glucose in the glomerular filtrate is greater than in the urine because
glucose is
A. excreted.
B. reabsorbed.
C. a large molecule.
D. used to provide energy for reabsorption.

Part B. Short Answer. Work as a group to agree on your answer before you write it down. Point
form answers are preferred.
1. Label the structures indicated on the following diagram using correct terms
2. For each of the structures below, give the proper name of the process that occurs there (1
mark each) and ONE role of each in the production of urine (1 mark each). Use point form
answers (and one role only!)

Structure Name of Process One Role in Production of Urine

Bowman’s
capsule and
glomerulus

Proximal
convoluted
tubule

Loop of Henle

Distal
convoluted
tubule

Name of process

Collecting duct Not applicable