You are on page 1of 6

This space for binding

National Transportation Safety Board NTSB ID: ANC99LA125 Aircraft Registration Number: N90WR

FACTUAL REPORT Occurrence Date: 08/27/1999 Most Critical Injury: None

AVIATION Occurrence Type: Accident Investigated By: NTSB

Location/Time
Nearest City/Place State Zip Code Local Time Time Zone
GLENNALLEN AK 99588 1004 ADT

Airport Proximity: On Airport/Airstrip Distance From Landing Facility:

Aircraft Information Summary


Aircraft Manufacturer Model/Series Type of Aircraft

Learjet 35 /35 Airplane

Revenue Sightseeing Flight: No Air Medical Transport Flight: Medical Emergency


Narrative
Brief narrative statement of facts, conditions and circumstances pertinent to the accident/incident:
On August 27, 1999, about 1004 Alaska daylight time, a Gates Lear Jet, model 35 airplane, N90WR,
operated by F.S. Air Service, Inc., of Anchorage, Alaska, sustained substantial damage during a
hard landing at Gulkana Airport, Gulkana, Alaska. Gulkana is located about 8 miles northeast of
Glennallen, Alaska, at 62.09.29 north latitude, 145.27.40 west longitude. The airplane was being
operated as an instrument flight rules (IFR) medical transport flight under Title 14, CFR Part 91,
when the accident occurred. The two certificated airline transport pilots, and the two flight
nurses aboard, were not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at Gulkana, and an IFR
flight plan was filed. The flight originated at the Anchorage International Airport, Anchorage,
about 0935.

During an interview with the National Transportation Safety Board investigator-in-charge on August
30, the captain of the accident airplane reported that the airplane was being positioned in order
to transport a patient to Anchorage. He stated that it had been previously agreed upon that the
outbound trip to Gulkana was to be flown by the first officer. The captain said that the first
officer made a VOR instrument approach to runway 14. He said that as the flight descended below
the cloud cover and the airport environment came into view, it was determined that the airplane was
too high, and left of the runway centerline. He said that in an attempt to lose altitude and align
the airplane with the centerline, the first officer turned the airplane to the right, retarded the
throttles, and applied nose down elevator. The captain said that as the airplane passed over the
runway threshold, the airspeed decreased rapidly, and an excessive descent rate was noted. He said
that he then took control of the airplane, and applied full engine power in order to cushion the
touchdown. The captain characterized the touchdown as "firm", but within acceptable limits. He
added that the initial touchdown was made on the left main landing gear, and with the left wing
low.

After landing, the airplane was taxied to the parking area, and the medical crew and flight crew
disembarked uneventfully. The captain and first officer accompanied the medical crew to the
hospital.

Both crew members stated that a postlanding inspection was not accomplished.

Both pilots, the two flight nurses, and one patient, returned to the airport about 45 minutes
later, and prepared for the return trip to Anchorage. The first officer said that just prior to
departure, she made a quick walk around inspection of the airplane. She stated that she saw no
airframe anomalies during her inspection. The flight departed for the return trip to Anchorage
about 1125.

After arrival in Anchorage, ground personnel discovered a 3 feet by 4 inch scrape located on the
lower portion of the left wing-tip fuel tank, and wrinkling of the upper left wing panel, adjacent
to the left wing-tip fuel tank attach point.

FACTUAL REPORT - AVIATION Page 1


This space for binding

National Transportation Safety Board NTSB ID: ANC99LA125

FACTUAL REPORT Occurrence Date: 08/27/1999

AVIATION Occurrence Type: Accident

Narrative (Continued)

The closest weather observation station is located at the Gulkana Airport. On August 27, at 0950, a
contract weather observer was reporting in part: Sky conditions and ceiling, 400 feet scattered,
2,400 feet broken, 5,000 feet overcast; visibility, 20 statute miles; wind, 20 degrees at 5 knots.

Both flight crew members noted that there were no preaccident mechanical anomalies with the
airplane.

FACTUAL REPORT - AVIATION Page 1a


This space for binding

NTSB ID: ANC99LA125


National Transportation Safety Board

FACTUAL REPORT Occurrence Date: 08/27/1999

AVIATION Occurrence Type: Accident

Landing Facility/Approach Information


Airport Name Airport ID: Airport Elevation Runway Used Runway Length Runway Width
GULKANA GKN 1579 Ft. MSL 14 5000 100

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt

Runway Surface Condition: Dry

Approach/Arrival Flown: VOR

VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Aircraft Information
Aircraft Manufacturer Model/Series Serial Number
Learjet 35 /35 35-022

Airworthiness Certificate(s): Normal

Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle


Amateur Built Acft? No Number of Seats: 10 Certified Max Gross Wt. 18300 LBS Number of Engines: 2
Engine Type: Engine Manufacturer: Model/Series: Rated Power:
Turbo Fan Garrett TFE 731 3500 LBS
- Aircraft Inspection Information
Type of Last Inspection Date of Last Inspection Time Since Last Inspection Airframe Total Time

Continuous Airworthiness 08/1999 23 Hours 13361 Hours

- Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT) Information

ELT Installed?/Type ELT Operated? ELT Aided in Locating Accident Site?

Owner/Operator Information
Registered Aircraft Owner Street Address
6121 SOUTH AIRPARK DRIVE
F.S. AIR SERVICE, INC. City State Zip Code
ANCHORAGE AK 99502
Street Address
Operator of Aircraft 6121 SOUTH AIRPARK DRIVE
City State Zip Code
F.S. AIR SERVICE, INC.
ANCHORAGE AK 99502
Operator Does Business As: Operator Designator Code: STZA
- Type of U.S. Certificate(s) Held:
Air Carrier Operating Certificate(s): On-demand Air Taxi

Operating Certificate: Operator Certificate:

Regulation Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation

Type of Flight Operation Conducted: Positioning

FACTUAL REPORT - AVIATION Page 2


This space for binding

National Transportation Safety Board NTSB ID: ANC99LA125

FACTUAL REPORT Occurrence Date: 08/27/1999

AVIATION Occurrence Type: Accident

First Pilot Information


Name City State Date of Birth Age

On File On File On File On File 40

Sex: M Seat Occupied: Left Occupational Pilot? Civilian Pilot Certificate Number: On File

Certificate(s): Airline Transport

Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea


Rotorcraft/Glider/LTA: None

Instrument Rating(s): Airplane

Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane

Current Biennial Flight Review?

Medical Cert.: Class 1 Medical Cert. Status: Valid Medical--no waivers/lim. Date of Last Medical Exam: 05/1999

This Make Airplane Airplane Instrument Lighter


All A/C
- Flight Time Matrix and Model Single Engine Mult-Engine
Night
Actual Simulated
Rotorcraft Glider
Than Air

Total Time 5022 860 2071 2945 2160 425 3


Pilot In Command(PIC) 4600 560 1971 2630 1950 350
Instructor 1000 700 300 400 100
Instruction Received

Last 90 Days 160 160 160 60 16


Last 30 Days 80 80 80 35 8
Last 24 Hours

Seatbelt Used? Yes Shoulder Harness Used? Yes Toxicology Performed? No Second Pilot? Yes

Flight Plan/Itinerary
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Departure Point State Airport Identifier Departure Time Time Zone

ANCHORAGE AK ANC 0930 ADT

Destination State Airport Identifier


Same as Accident/Incident Location GKN

Type of Clearance: IFR

Type of Airspace: Class E

Weather Information
Source of Wx Information:

Company; Commercial Weather Service; National Weather Service

FACTUAL REPORT - AVIATION Page 3


This space for binding

National Transportation Safety Board NTSB ID: ANC99LA125

FACTUAL REPORT Occurrence Date: 08/27/1999

AVIATION Occurrence Type: Accident

Weather Information
WOF ID Observation Time Time Zone WOF Elevation WOF Distance From Accident Site Direction From Accident Site

GKN 0950 ADT 1579 Ft. MSL 0 NM 0 Deg. Mag.


Sky/Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered 400 Ft. AGL Condition of Light: Day

Lowest Ceiling: Broken 2400 Ft. AGL Visibility: 20 SM Altimeter: 29.00 "Hg

Temperature: 8 °C Dew Point: 7 °C Weather Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions

Wind Direction: 20 Wind Speed: 5 Wind Gusts:

Visibility (RVR): 0 Ft. Visibility (RVV) 0 SM

Precip and/or Obscuration:

Accident Information
Aircraft Damage: Substantial Aircraft Fire: None Aircraft Explosion None

- Injury Summary Matrix Fatal Serious Minor None TOTAL

First Pilot 1 1
Second Pilot 1 1
Student Pilot

Flight Instructor

Check Pilot

Flight Engineer

Cabin Attendants

Other Crew

Passengers 2 2
- TOTAL ABOARD - 4 4
Other Ground 0 0 0 0
- GRAND TOTAL - 0 0 0 4 4

FACTUAL REPORT - AVIATION Page 4


This space for binding

NTSB ID: ANC99LA125


National Transportation Safety Board

FACTUAL REPORT Occurrence Date: 08/27/1999

AVIATION Occurrence Type: Accident

Administrative Information
Investigator-In-Charge (IIC)
CLINTON O. JOHNSON

Additional Persons Participating in This Accident/Incident Investigation:

MICHAEL W HINDS (FAA)


ANCHORAGE, AK

FACTUAL REPORT - AVIATION Page 5