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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07

Name _______________________________

_______________ vs. _______________

True – means what it means in everyday speech.

Valid - means _________________________________________

It is possible for a conclusion to be _______________ but ____________________. For example,

Trees have wings and my uncle is a tree, therefore my uncle has wings.

The conclusion is valid (correctly reasoned), even though the first two statements and the conclusion are
totally untrue.

If the statements are _______________ AND the reasoning is _______________, the conclusion will be

_______________.

_____ 1. Based on the Venn diagram, which statement is valid? (You don’t have to know what an
arachnid is to answer the question.)

A. All arachnids are spiders. Insects Arachnids


B. Some arachnids are spiders.
C. Some spiders are arachnids. Spiders
D. All spiders are insects.

_____ 2. Based on the Venn diagram, which statement is valid?

A. Some parallelograms are squares. Parallelograms


B. All rectangles are squares.
C. All parallelograms are rectangles.
D. Some squares are rhombuses. Rectangles Squares Rhombuses

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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07

A conditional statement is a statement that can be written in __________________________ form.

Words: If you live in McLean, then you live in Virginia.

_________________ ____________________

Symbols: _________________ ____________________

Words: ____________________________________________________________________________

_________________ ____________________

Symbols: _________________ ____________________

Underline the hypothesis and circle the conclusion. Then, write in symbols.

3. If a figure is a triangle, then it has three angles.

4. If a figure is a square, then it has four right angles.

Write as a conditional statement.

5. All surfers like big waves.

6. Brenda goes shopping for groceries only Sunday mornings.

7. Those who participate in class, earn extra points.

Conditional statements can be represented by Venn diagrams.


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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07

Venn diagram Conditional statement

8.
animals ____________________________________

dogs ____________________________________

9. ____________________________________
q
____________________________________
p

10.
If you are a resident of Fairfax City,
then you live in Virginia.

11.
r  b : If r, then b.

Construct a Venn diagram for the statement. Then, write it as a conditional statement.

12. I go to the movies only on Fridays. 13. I will smile only if I earn an A.

Conditional statements can be _______________________________.


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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07

14. Conditional: If an angle measures 90° , then it is a right angle.

hypothesis - __________________________________________________________________________

conclusion - __________________________________________________________________________

Is the conditional statement true or false? __________

If not, provide a counterexample: _________________________________________________________

15. Conditional: If a figure has four sides, then it is a square.

hypothesis - __________________________________________________________________________

conclusion - __________________________________________________________________________

Is the conditional statement true or false? __________

If not, provide a counterexample: _________________________________________________________

The converse of a conditional statement is formed by ________________________________the


hypothesis and conclusion.

16. Conditional: If you live in McLean, then you live in Virginia.

Is the conditional true or false? __________ If false, provide a counterexample.

Draw a Venn diagram.

Converse: ______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

Is the converse true or false? ____________

If the converse is false, provide a counterexample. _____________________________________


Homework

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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07
_____ 1. Which of the following Venn diagrams shows that the following reasoning is valid?

All rainy days are cloudy. Today is not cloudy. Therefore, today is not rainy.

A. B.
cloudy cloudy

rainy
rainy

C. D.
cloudy rainy

rainy cloudy

_____ 2. Which of the following statements is true, based on the Venn diagram?

Triangles
scalene
isosceles acute

A. All isosceles triangles are acute.


B. Some isosceles triangles are scalene.
C. All acute triangles are scalene.
D. Some scalene triangles are acute.

Which letter, p or q, is associated with the following?

_____ 3. The statement following the “if” in an if-then statement.

_____ 4. The statement following the “then” in an if-then statement.

_____ 5. The hypothesis

_____ 6. The conclusion

Homework

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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07
Underline the hypothesis and circle the conclusion.

7. If you dial 911, then there is an emergency.

8. If Gina walks to the store, then she will buy a newspaper.

Write as a conditional statement.

9. It is time for dinner if it is 6 p.m.

10. An acute angle is an angle that measures less than 90° .

Write the conditional statement represented by the Venn diagram or vice versa.

11.
____________________________________
nocturnal
animals
____________________________________
owls
____________________________________

12.
t
____________________________________
m ____________________________________

13.

If Polly is a parrot, then she can talk.

Homework

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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07
Construct a Venn diagram for the statement. Then, write it as a conditional statement.

14. You only call me when you need to borrow money.

15. Maria washes the dishes only on Mondays and Wednesdays.

16. Conditional: If it rained, then the streets are wet.

hypothesis - __________________________________________________________________________

conclusion - __________________________________________________________________________

Is the conditional true or false? __________ If false, provide a counterexample.

Draw a Venn diagram.

Converse: ____________________________________________________________________________

Is the converse true or false? __________ If false, provide a counterexample.


Homework

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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07
17. Conditional: If two points lie on the same line, then they are collinear.

hypothesis - __________________________________________________________________________

conclusion - __________________________________________________________________________

Is the conditional true or false? __________ If false, provide a counterexample.

Draw a Venn diagram.

Converse: ____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

Is the converse true or false? ____________ If false, provide a counterexample.

_____ 18. Which conditional statement is represented by the Venn diagram?

A. If a triangle is right, then it is isosceles.


B. If a triangle is isosceles, then it is obtuse.
C. If a triangle is right, then it is not obtuse. Triangles
D. If a triangle is obtuse, then it is isosceles. isosceles right
obtuse

_____ 19. Which conditional statement is represented by the Venn diagram?

A. If a triangle is isosceles, then it is acute.


B. If a triangle is acute, then it is isosceles.
C. If a triangle is scalene, then it is not isosceles. Triangles
D. If a triangle is acute, then it is not scalene. scalene
isosceles acute

Homework

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Geometry – Venn Diagrams & Conditional Statements & Converses 06 - 07
_____ 20. Which conditional statement is represented by the Venn diagram?

Parallelograms

Rectangles Squares Rhombuses

A. If a parallelogram is a rhombus, then it is a square.


B. If a parallelogram is a rectangle, then it is a square.
C. If a parallelogram is a square, then it is a rectangle.
D. If a parallelogram is a rectangle, then it is a rhombus.