You are on page 1of 22

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò

Masnoon Namaz (Telugu)


Com piled by : Hafiz MD. Abdul Rawoof
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901 Umari
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901 Translated by : Hafiz Badrul Islam
All Rights Reserved with Publishers
Second Edition : Jananuary 2007
Copies : 3000
ã¨OHõÅ#O: Price : Rs. 10/-
ǨѶ*≤ ò =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ J|∞Ì~„ “Ѷπ L„g∞ Published by HADITH PUBLICATIONS
S. Abdul Wahid, H.No. 8-4-549/314, Netaji Nagar,
Erragadda, Hyderabad-18 (A.P.)beIndia.
Copies can had Phone:
from 23700081
MD. ABDUL MASTAN NIZAM MOHIUDDIN
J#∞"å^ŒO: H.No. 51-987A, Plot. No.17
H.No. 19-428/30, Z.P. Colony
ǨѶ≤*ò |„^Œ∞Öò W™ê¡O SBI Colony, Near Water
Chilkalpudi, Machilipatnam
Krishna Dist.-521002 Works, Kurnool - 518003
Phone: 250027 Phone: 251525
HUSSAMI BOOK DEPOT. G.K. COMMUNICATIONS
Machili Kaman, Hyderabad GK Road,
„ѨHÍâ◊‰õΩÅ∞: Nandikotkur, Kurnool dit.
DECCAN TRADERS
9347299997, 93468 17722
Moghalpura, Near Water Tank
ǨÏnãπ ѨaHˆ¡ +¨<û£ Hyderabad
AL - ATHER ISLAMIC AZIZUR RAHMAN YUNUS
ÃÇ·Ï^Œ~åÉÏ^£, (U.Ñ≤.) WO_çÜ∂« . CENTER Srisailam Dam (East), Kurnool Dist.
Purani Haveli, Hyderabad Cell:9866024962, 9849490445

http://TeluguIslam.net/

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 3 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 4


¿Ñr
q+¨Ü∞« ã¨∂zHõ ¿Ñr
#=∂A xÜ«∞=∂Å∞ 00
#=∂AÖ’x q^è∞Œ Å∞ (P~å¯<£) 00
`˘e ѨÅ∞‰õΩÅ∞ 00
#=∂*òÖ’x "ålÉò JOâßÅ∞ 00
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 00
#=∂*òÖ’x ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ 00
â◊√pâ◊√„Éèí`«Å∞ 00
#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =∞ã¨∂fl<£ Ѩ^uúŒ 00
QÆ∞ã¨∞Öò QÆ∞iOz... 00
H˘xfl ã¨∂~åÅ∞ 00
Öˇ·OyHõ Jâ◊√^Œú ã≤÷uÖ’ KÕ¿ã QÆ∞ã¨∞Öò q^è•#O 00
ã¨*ÏÌ QÆ∞iOz 00
=ÙE q^è•#O 00
[ÖÏû 00
=ÙE#∞ ÉèOí QÆÑi¨ KÕ q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ 00
ã¨*ÏÌ ã¨Ç¨˙ 00
`«Ü∞« =Ú‡"£∞ QÆ∞iOz... 00
`«Ç¨ÏA˚^£, dÜ«∂=ÚÖˇ·¡Öò ÖËHõ `«~ågÇπÏ 00
`«Ü∞« =Ú‡"£∞ q^è•#O 00
q„`ü #=∂A QÆ∞iOz... 00
=∞ã≤˚^£ „Ѩ"Õâ◊ ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ KÕ¿ã ^Œ∞PÅ∞ 00
Y∞#∂`≥ q„`ü QÆ∞iOz.... 00
J*Ï<£ QÆ∞iOz... 00
Y∞#∂`≥ <ålÖÏ 00
#=∂A QÆ∞iOz... 00
„ѨÜ∂« }OÖ’ Y„ãπ #=∂A 00
q„`ü #=∂A 00
A=∂ #=∂A QÆ∞iOz 00
#=∂A =º=^è∞Œ Å∞ ("ÕàÅ ◊ ∞) 00
ѨO_»∞QÆ #=∂AÅ QÆ∞iOz... 00
#=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« ‰õÄ_»x "Õà◊Å∞ 00
ã¨∂~°º„QÆÇϨ }O,W„ëêH±, Kå+π,Î J"åfic<£ #=∂AÅ∞00
=∞ã≤^˚ £ xÜ«∞=∂Å∞– ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõ #=∂A 00
[<å*Ï #=∂A QÆ∞iOz... 00
#=∂A‰õΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# H˘xfl =ÚYº
q+¨Ü∂« Å QÆ∞iOz...„áê=ÚYº`« 00 Y
1

http://TeluguIslam.net/
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 5 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 6
`˘e ѨÅ∞‰õΩÅ∞ Z=Ô~<· å WOHÍ q+¨Ü∞« Ѩ٠֒`«∞Ö’¡H˜ "≥à^¡◊ eŒ ¿ãÎ "å~°∞
=∞øÖÏ<å QÍ~°∞ D ѨÙãÎ̈HÍxfl U =¸Å„QÆO^ä•Å P^è•~°OQÍ
J ÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£ =ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞
=ã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖÏ ~°ã∂¨ e Ç≤ÏÖò Hõs"£∞ = JÖÏ PeÇ‘Ï =
#~Ú`Õ ã¨OHõÅ#O KÕâß~À "å\˜x ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÅ
ǨÏ~°}‰õΩ (1) JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏx QÍi 'ã≤Ñ`¨¶ ∞« ã¨ÖÏu#fla,
Æ ~°∞. L^•
ã¨ÇÏπ aÇ‘Ï J*ò=∞~¸<£. J=∂‡ÉÏ^£: (2) Wɡfl ÉÏ*ò (~°ÇϨ ‡Öˇ)· QÍi #=∂A ѨÙãÎ̈HOõ , (3) #=∂*ˇ
^≥·=Hõ$Ѩ =Å¡ q∞„`«∞Å∞ [<åÉò ǨѶ≤*ò =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ #|g, #=∂A q+¨Ü∂« Å`À ‰õÄ_ç# W`«~° ѨÙãÎ̈HÍÅ∞.
J|∞Ì„~“Ѷπ L„g∞QÍi Dz~°∞ ã¨OHõÅ<åxfl <Õ#∞ P™êO`«O Ѩ~=° ∞ „ѨÉ∞íè "≥#· JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ D z#fláê\˜ ǨÏnã¨∞ ¿ã=#∞
K«k"å#∞. PÜ«∞# D z~°∞ ã¨OHõÅ#OÖ’ #=∂A‰õΩ P"≥∂kOz =∂‰õΩ L=∞‡`≥ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡kÜ«∞ =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ
ã¨O|OkèOz# qq^èŒ JOâßÅxfl UiÛ ‰õÄ~åÛ~°∞. D ѨÙãÎ̈HOõ ZÖÏO\˜ „Ѩ=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ fã¨∞H˘ã¨∂Î LO_Õ
KåÖÏ ÉÏQÆ∞Ok. q∞„`«∞Å∞ J|∞Ì„~“ѶQπ Í~°∞ q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ KåÖÏ ™œÉèÏQͺxfl „Ѩ™êkOKåÅx „áêiÎã¨∞Î<åflO. D ѨÙã¨ÎHÍxfl
ã¨OH˜Ñ∆ OΨ QÍ ã¨OHõÅ#O KÕã#≤ ѨÊ\˜H© #=∂A‰õΩ ã¨O|O kèOz# ã¨OHõÅ#O Kտ㠄ѨK«∞iOK«_»"Õ∞ H͉õΩO_® W`«~° ѨÙãÎ̈HÍÅ∞
q+¨Ü∂« Åxfl ã¨q=~°OQÍ WO^Œ∞Ö’H˜ =KÕÛâß~Ú. J#∞"å^ŒO KÕ~ÚOz „ѨK∞« iã¨∞#Î fl =∞øÖÏ<å J|∞Ì„~“ѶQπ ÍiH˜
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Q˘Ñ¨Ê ѨÙ}ºÑ¶Ö ¨ Ïxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ! =ÚYºOQÍ D
D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ ™ê=∂#º „Ѩ=ÚY∞ÅO^Œi HÀã¨O „"åÜ«∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅ∞ „ѨK«∞iOK«_»OÖ’ =∞øÖÏ<åQÍiH˜ Pi÷HõOQÍ
|_çOk. HÍx =ÚYºOQÍ ã¨`º« =∂~°æ J<Õfi+¨}‰õΩÅ∞, ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ `À_®Ê@∞#Okã¨∞#Î fl "åiH˜ ‰õÄ_® JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Q˘Ñ¨Ê „ѨuÑ¶Ö ¨ Ïxfl
(ã¨) Ѩ^Œ÷ „ѨHÍ~°O #=∂A KÕÜ«∞^ŒeKÕ "å~°∞, ÃÑ^ŒÌ ÃÑ^ŒÌ „Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ!
ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅ∞ K«^Œ=ÖËx ˆH=ÅO `≥Å∞QÆ∞ =∂„`«"Õ∞ `≥eã≤#
„Ѩ[ʼnHÀã¨O D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ ã¨OHõÅ#O KÕÜ∞« |_çOk. J^Õq^èOŒ QÍ – J|∞Öò ǨÏã¨<£ „Ѩ`åÑπQ_Æ ôè
WO^Œ∞Ö’ H˘kÌáê\˜ =∂~°∞ÊÅ∞ KÕã≤ áê~î°âßÅ q^•ºi÷x, W=∂"£∞ =∞iÜ«Ú YfÉò
q^•º~°∞Å ú ‰õΩ K«kqOK«^Å Œ z<å ‰õÄ_® nx =Å¡ KåÖÏ ÖÏÉèÏ =∞ã≤^˚ ≥ *Ïq∞Ü≥∞ =∞ã≤^˚ £ JÃÇÏ¡ ǨÏnãπ,
Å∞O\Ï~Ú. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë D z~°∞ ã¨OHõÅ#OÖ’ #=∂A‰õΩ zÅHõÅQÆ∂_», ã≤HO˜ „^•ÉÏ^£
ã¨O|OkèOz# „Ѩu q+¨Ü∂« xfl P~å^è•Å`À ã¨Ç¨ ¿Ñ~˘¯#_»O ~°=∞*Ï<£ =∂ã¨O 1,Ç≤Ï„r â◊HOõ 1426
[iyOk. 6–10–2005

Visit http://TeluguIslam.net/

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 7 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 8


â◊√p â◊√„Éèí`«Å∞
#=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞@O HÀã¨O â◊√pâ◊√„Éèí`«Å∞ J=ã¨~°O.
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò â◊√pâ◊√„Éèí`«Å∞ ÖˉõΩO_® KÕ¿ã #=∂A <≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞ (=Úã≤¡O,
ui‡r). =Úã≤¡O „QÆO^äŒOÖ’x XHõ LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
Ǩτ[`ü L=∞~ü a<£ Y`åÎÉò (~°l) Hõ^äŒ#O „ѨHÍ~°O (ã¨ÅO¡ ) ''â◊√pâ◊√„Éè`í Å
« ∞ ã¨QOÆ qâßfiã¨O—— Jx J<åfl~°x LOk.
^≥ · = „Ѩ = Hõ Î (㨠Š¡ O ) WÖÏ „Ѩ É ’kè O Kå~° ∞ :PK« ~ ° } Åhfl W™ê¡O ^è~Œ ‡° P~å^è#Œ Åhfl ‰õÄ_® â◊√pâ◊√„Éè`í Å
« g∞^Õ P^è•~°Ñ_¨ ç
ã¨OHõÖÏÊÅÃÑ·<Õ P^è•~°Ñ_¨ ç LO\Ï~Ú. „Ѩu XHõ¯_çH˜ J`«x L<åfl~Ú. ǨÏ$^ŒÜ∞« â◊√kúH˜ - ^ÕÇϨ O =∞iÜ«Ú ^Œ∞ã¨∞Å Î â◊√kúH˜
L^ÕÌâ◊ºO „ѨHÍ~°"Õ∞ „ѨuѶ¨ÅO Åaèã¨∞ÎOk. Hõ#∞Hõ „ѨѨOK« =∞^躌 Jq<åÉèÏ= ã¨O|O^è=Œ ÚOk.
„ѨÜ∂≥ [<åÅ HÀã¨O XHõ KÀ@∞ #∞Oz =∞~À KÀ@∞H˜ „Ѩ™ê÷#O
KÕ¿ã =ºHÎ̃H˜ „ѨÑO¨ K« „ѨÜ∂≥ [<åÖË Åaè™êÎ~Ú. „ã‘xÎ q"åÇ¨Ï W™ê¡O ^èŒ~°‡OÖ’ J`«ºO`« „Ѩ^è•#"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∞O
=∂_®Å#fl L^ÕâÌ º◊ O`À „Ѩ™ê÷#O KÕ¿ã =ºH˜HÎ ˜ „ã‘Ü Î ∞Õ Åaèã∞¨ OÎ k. #=∂A. ^•xfl <≥~°"Õ~°Û@O HÀã¨O â◊s~° â◊√kú, =„ã¨Î â◊√kú,
"≥Ú`åÎxH˜ „Ѩ™ê÷#‰õΩ_ç L^ÕÌâ◊ºO ZÖÏ LO@∞O^À JÖψQ ã¨÷Åâ◊√kú J=ã¨~°O. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) ÃÑ· =¸_çO\˜h
J`«xH˜ „ѨuѶ¨ÅO Åaèã¨∞ÎOk. (|∞MÏi) #=∂A‰õΩ „áê^äŒq∞Hõ xÜ«∞=∂Å∞QÍ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞. „Ѩu
#=∂A‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ =ÙE KÕã¨∞HÀ"åÅx P*Ï˝Ñ≤OKå~°∞.
Ǩτ[`ü J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇÏπ a<£ L=∞~ü (~°l) Hõ^#Œä O „ѨHÍ~°O XHõ"Õà◊ =ÙE LO>Ë =∞m§ ã¨i„H˘`«ÎQÍ =ÙE KÕã¨∞HÀ=∞x
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ „ѨɒkèOKå~°∞: W™ê¡O S^Œ∞ „áÈ`«ûÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞. =ÙE ÖˉΩõ O_® #=∂A <≥~"° ~Õ ^° xŒ K≥áêÊ~°∞
q+¨Ü«∂ÅÃÑ· P^è•~°Ñ¨_ç LOk. 1) JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«Ñ¨Ê "Õ~˘Hõ (=Úã≤O¡ ). =ÙE Kտ㠄Ѩu™êi q∞™êfiH± KÕã∂¨ Î LO_®Åx
P~å^èŒ∞º_»∞ ÖË_»h, =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =ã¨Å¡O É’kèOK«@O [iyOk. (=∂eH±, JǨχ^£, #™ê~Ú)
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ Jx ™êHõº∆ O ѨÅHõ@O. 2) #=∂*ò ™ê÷ÑO≤ K«@O. 3)
#=∂A KÕÜ«∞@O HÀã¨O =∞x+≤ Ѩiâ◊√„ÉèíOQÍ,
[HÍ`ü W=fi@O. 4) ǨÏ*ò KÕÜ∞« @O. 5) ~°=∞*Ï<£ <≥ÅÖ’
=ÙE`À LO_»@O J=ã¨~O° . Hõ#∞Hõ WHõ¯_» =ÙE, QÆ∞ã¨∞Öò‰Ωõ
LѨ"å™êÅ∞ áê\˜OK«@O. (|∞MÏi)
ã¨O|O kèOz# q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_»∞`«∞<åfl~Ú.
2
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 9 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 10
Ô~O_»∞ =ã¨∞Î=ÙÅ`À Ѩiâ◊√^Œú`«#∞ á⁄O^Œ=K«∞Û. 1) Hõ_»∞‰õΩ¯<Õ"å~°∞. `«~åfi`« ‰õΩ_ç KÕ`ÀÎ Z_»=∞ KÕuÖ’H˜ hà◊√§
h\˜`À. 2) Ѩiâ◊√„Éè"í ∞≥ #ÿ =∞\ì̃`À. fã¨∞ H˘x =∞~å‡OQÍxfl Hõ_∞» ‰õΩ¯<Õ"å~°∞. `«~åfi`« #=∂*ò HÀã¨O
U q^èOŒ QÍ KÕ™êÎ~À P q^èOŒ QÍ =ÙE KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. (HÍx HÍà◊√§
QÆ∞ã¨∞Öò QÆ∞iOz... =∂„`«O Hõ_∞» ‰õΩ¯<Õ"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞). P `«~åfi`« hà◊§`À KÕu "Õà√◊ §
U ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ QÆ∞ã¨∞Öò (`«ÅO@∞ ™êfl#O) Jx"å~°ºO `«_»∞ѨÙH˘x "å\˜`À `«Å"≥O„@∞HõÅ "≥Ú^Œà◊§Ö’xH˜ h~°∞
J=Ù`«∞Ok? áÈxKÕÛ"å~°∞. `«~åfi`« =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ ^Àã≤à§◊ `À `«Åg∞^Œ h~°∞
áÈã¨∞‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∞. `«~åfi`« â◊s~°=∞O`å hà◊√§ áÈã¨∞H˘x
1) Jqâßfiã¨O #∞Oz qâßfiã≤QÍ =∂i#ѨÙÊ_»∞ `«_∞» ѨىõΩ<Õ "å~°∞ (=ÚO^Œ∞ ‰õΩ_ç"Ñ·≥ Ù¨ , P `«~åfi`« Z_»=∞"≥Ñ· Ù¨ ).
2) ã¨OÉè’QÆO `«~°∞"å`« (ui‡r). z=~À¡ (™êfl#O KÕ¿ã KÀ@∞ #∞Oz „ѨH¯õ ‰õΩ `«ÑÙ¨ ÊH˘x) HÍà◊√§
Hõ_»∞‰õΩ¯<Õ"å~°∞. (|∞MÏs–=Úã≤¡O)
3) g~°º ãö̈Å#O `«~åfi`« (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r).
ÖˇO· yHõ Jâ◊√^•ú=ã¨÷ #∞Oz Ѩiâ◊√„Éè`í #« ∞ á⁄O^Œ\ÏxH˜
4) |Ç≤Ï+¨µì HÍÅO QÆ_z ç áÈ~Ú# `«~∞° "å`« (|∞MÏs). KÕ¿ã `«ÅO@∞™êfl#OÖ’ „ã‘Î `«# [_»#∞ qѨÊnã¨∞HÀ"åeû#
5) ѨÙi\˜ ~°H„Îõ ™ê=O Py# `«~∞° "å`« (ui‡r). J=ã¨~°O ÖË^Œ∞. ˆH=ÅO =¸_»∞ ^Àã≤à◊§ h~°∞ `«Åg∞^Œ
áÈã¨∞H˘x "≥O„@∞HõÅ "≥Ú^Œà◊§ ^•HÍ h~°∞ KÕ~°∞‰õΩ<Õ q^èŒOQÍ
6) Wã≤ÎǨ*Ï "åºkèH˜Ö’<≥· L#fl „ã‘ÎÅ∞ ™ê^è•~°} QÆ_»∞=Ù `«Å `À=Ú‰õΩO>Ë ã¨iáÈ`«∞Ok. (|∞MÏs–=Úã≤¡O)
`«~åfi`« (JO>Ë™ê^è•~°}OQÍ `«=∞‰õΩ Zxfl ~ÀAÅ∞
|Ç≤Ï+¨µì =ã¨∞OÎ ^À Jxfl ~ÀAÅ `«~åfi`«). =ÙE q^è•#O
ÖˇO· yHõ Jâ◊√^Œú ã≤u÷ Ö’ KÕã¿ QÆ∞ã¨∞Öò q^è•#O ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ „Ѩ=zOKå~°∞: Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí`«
ã¨QOÆ qâßfiã¨O (=Úã≤O¡ ). =ÙE ÖˉΩõ O_® #=∂*ò <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ .
Ǩτ[`ü P~Úëê (~°l.J<£Ç¨) Hõ^äŒ#O: ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (=Úã≤¡O)
(ã¨Å¡O) Öˇ·OyHõ Jâ◊√^Œú ã≤÷u #∞Oz Ѩiâ◊√^Œú`« á⁄O^Œ\ÏxH˜
KÕ¿ã `«ÅO@∞ ™êfl#OÖ’ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ `«# =ÚO*Ë`«∞efl 1) =ÙE „áê~°OÉèíOÖ’ aã≤‡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ñ¨iîOK«@O J=ã¨~°O.

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 11 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 12


aã≤‡ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ѨiOî K«‰Ωõ O_® =ÙE KÕ¿ãÎ P =ÙE <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ . JÖψQ Z_»=∞ KÕ~Úx ‰õÄ_® "≥∂KÕu=~°‰Ωõ =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡
(ui‡r, Wɡfl=∂*Ï) Hõ_Q» Íe (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ ). KÕu„"Õà§◊ =∞^躌 # dÖÏÖò
2) =ÙEÖ’ KÕ`∞« efl, W`«~° J=Ü«∞"åÅ#∞ ‰õΩ_ç"Ñ·≥ Ù¨ #∞Oz KÕÜ∂« e (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r). LOQÆ~O° `˘_»∞H˘¯x
Hõ_Q» @
Æ O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ\Ïìe. LO>Ë ^•xfl J@∂ W@∂ Hõ^ጠêe.
3) =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ ~Ô O_»∞ KÕ`∞« Å∂ =∞}˜H@ õ ¡ =~°‰Ωõ =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ 9) `« ~ åfi`« `« Å ‰õ Ω =∞™ê KÕ Ü « ∂ e(JO>Ë `« _ ç K Õ ` ÀÎ
Hõ_»∞HÀ¯"åe. (|∞MÏs) ã¨Ê$tOKåe). ZÖÏQÆO>Ë– ~Ô O_»∞ KÕ`∞« Å∂ `«_∞» ѨÙH˘x
`«Å =ÚO^Œ∞ ÉèÏQÆO #∞Oz ã¨Ê$tã¨∂Î "≥#∞Hõ "≥O„@∞HõÅ
4) KÕ`«∞Å∞ Hõ_∞» ‰õΩ#flѨÙÊ_»∞ „"Õà§◊ =∞^躌 dÖÏÖò KÕÜ«∂e. z=iÉèÏQÆO =~°‰Ωõ fã¨∞HÔ àϧe. `«~åfi`« JHõ¯}∞‚Oz =∞m§
(|∞MÏs) ã¨Ê$tã¨∂Î "≥Ú^Œ\˜H˜ ~å"åe. (|∞MÏs)
5) `«~åfi`« XHõ J~°KuÕ Ö’ hà◊√§ fã¨∞H˘x JO^Œ∞Ö’ ã¨QOÆ 10) `«~åfi`« K≥=ÙʼnõΩ =∞™ê KÕÜ«∂e. J^≥ÖÏQÆO>Ë–
h\˜`À <À~°∞ ѨÙH˜¯eOz, q∞QÆ`å ã¨QOÆ h\˜x =Ú‰õΩ¯Ö’H˜ `«_çQÍ=Ù#fl K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õà◊§#∞ Ô~O_»∞ KÕ=ÙÖ’¡H˜ áÈxzÛ
ZH˜¯Oz Z_»=∞ KÕ`ÀÎ p^•e. D q^èOŒ QÍ =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ ÉÁ@# „"Õ à ◊ § `À K≥ q "≥ # ∞Hõ Éè Ï QÍxfl ã¨ Ê $tOKåe
KÕÜ«∂e. (Wɡfl=∂*Ï, #™ê~Ú). (K≥=ÙÅ =∞™ê HÀã¨O ã¨i„H˘`«QÎ Í
<À~°∞ ѨÙH˜¯eOK«@O HÀã¨O, =Ú‰õΩ¯ â◊√„ÉèOí KÕÜ∞« @O h~°∞ fã¨∞HÀ"åe–ɡ·Ç¨Ïv, "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ã¨OѨÙ@O–65=
HÀã¨O "Õ̂~fi~°∞QÍ ‰õÄ_® h~°∞ fã¨∞HÀ=K«∞Û. (ui‡r) ǨÏnã¨∞).
6) `«~åfi`« =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ =ÚYO Hõ_∞» HÀ¯"åe. (J|∂^•=Ó^£) 11) `«~åfi`« ‰õΩ_çHÍÅ∞ pÅ=∞O_»=~°‰Ωõ =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ Hõ_Q» Íe.
P `«~åfi`« Z_»=∞ HÍÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® pÅ=∞O_» =~°‰Ωõ =¸_»∞
7) `«~åfi`« XHõ J~°KuÕ Ö’ h~°∞ fã¨∞H˘x QÆ_O¤» „H˜Ok #∞Oz ™ê~°∞¡ Hõ_»QÍe. (|∞MÏs)
áÈxzÛ QÆ_»¤O "≥O„@∞HõÅ#∞ Hõ_»∞QÆ∞`«∂ "å\˜ =∞^茺#
dÖÏÖò KÕÜ∂« e. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r) 12) HÍà◊√§ Hõ_∞» ‰õΩ¯#flѨÙÊ_»∞ „"Õà§◊ =∞^躌 dÖÏÖò KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe.
(ui‡r)
8) `«~åfi`« ‰õΩ_çK~Õ Úx "≥∂KÕu =~°‰Ωõ =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ Hõ_Q» Íe.
3
http://TeluguIslam.net/
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 13 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 14
13) XHõ"àÕ ◊ QÍÜ«∂Å =¸ÅOQÍ =ÙE J=Ü«∞"åÅ g∞^Œ JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡*òJÖòh q∞#`«Î"åfic# =*òJÖòh q∞#Öò
Hõ@∞ìHõ\ì̃ LO>Ë Hõ@∞ì g∞^Œ =∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕã¨∞HÀ"åe. Hõ@∞ì =Ú`« `«ÇÏ≤ ›s<£. (ui‡r)
K«∞@∞ì „Ñ¨Hõ¯Å ÉèÏQÍxfl Hõ_»∞HÀ¯"åe. (ɡ·Ç¨Ïv) JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! h=Ù ##∞fl ÉÏQÍ `ÒÉÏ KÕ¿ã"åxQÍ, Ѩi
14) =ÙE J=Ü«∞"åÅ#∞ =¸_»∞HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯=™ê~°∞¡ â◊√^Œ`ú #« ∞ áê\˜OKÕ"åxQÍ fiÛk^Œ∞.Ì
Hõ_»QÆ~å^Œ∞. (#™ê~Ú, Wɡfl=∂*Ï)
XˆH =ÙE`À J<ÕHõ #=∂AÅ∞ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=K«∞Û. =ÙE
=ÙE =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« Hõe=∞Ü≥∞ +¨Ç¨^Œ`ü ѨiîOKåe. `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å `«Ç≤ÏÜ«∞º`«∞Öò =ÙE(J#|_Õ)
#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºHÎ̃ H˘~°‰Ωõ ã¨fi~°Oæ `«Ñʨ xã¨i J~ÚáÈ`«∞Ok.
(=Úã≤¡O)
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï =ÇπÏ^ŒÇ¨˙ ÖÏ+¨sHõ
ÅǨ˙ =J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ J#fl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ<£ J|∞ÌǨ˙ = =ÙE#∞ ÉèOí QÆÑi¨ KÕ q+¨Ü∂« Å∞
~°ã¨∂Å∞ÇπÏ. (=Úã≤O¡ , JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£) 1) ã¨OÉè’QÆO (x™ê ã¨∂~å, 43= ã¨∂HÎ̃)
(JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«Ñ¨Ê "Õ~˘Hõ ^Õ=Ù_»∞ ÖË_»x, PÜ«∞# 2) [<å|`ü (ui‡r, J|∂^•=Ó^£)
XHõ¯_Õ#x, PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=ÚÖˇ=~°∂ ÖË~x° <Õ#∞ ™êHõº∆ O 3) =∞r "≥Å∞=_»@O (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ )
ѨÅ∞‰õΩ `«∞<åfl#∞. JÖψQ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨Å¡O) PÜ«∞# 4) Jáê#"åÜ«Ú=Ù "≥Å∞=_»@O (|∞MÏs)
^•ã¨∞_»∞, PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=HõÎ Jx ‰õÄ_® <Õ#∞ ™êHõº∆ O ѨÅ∞‰õΩ
`«∞<åfl#∞.) 5) QÍ_èx» „^Œ‰Ωõ Ö’#=@O (D ã≤u÷ Ö’ J=Ü«∞"åÅhfl _èÖ ô Ï
Ѩ_áç È`å~Ú. ^•x =¸ÅOQÍ x„^ŒáÈ`«∞#fl =ºH˜HÎ ˜ `≥eÜ«∞
`«~åfi`« D ^Œ∞P ‰õÄ_® K«^∞Œ =ÙHÀ"åe: ‰õΩO_®<Õ Jáê#"åÜ«Ú=Ù "≥Å∞=_»\ÏxH˜ J=HÍâß
Å∞O\Ï~Ú.) (J|∂^•=Ó^£)
J~Ú`Õ ^ÕxH© P#∞H˘x ‰õÄ~ÀÛ‰õΩO_® ‰õΩxH˜áê@∞¡
Ѩ_@ » O =Å¡ =ÙE ÉèOí QÆ=∞=^Œ∞.

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 15 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 16


6) =∞Å=¸„`« qã¨~#°̊ =Å¡ (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ ) =ÙE ÖËHõ QÆ∞ãπ¡ ÖËHõ Ô~O_çO\˜ HÀã¨=¸ XˆH `«Ü«∞
7) =∞`«∞Î ÖËHõ JѨ™ê‡~°Hõ ã≤÷uH˜ Ö’#=@O (ui‡r, =Ú‡"£∞ ã¨iáÈ`«∞Ok. (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O)
J|∂^•=Ó^£).
8) |@ì J_»O¤ ÖˉΩõ O_® =∞~å‡OQÍxfl <Õ~∞° QÍ =Ú@∞ìHÀ=@O.
`«Ü∞« =Ú‡"∞£ q^è•#O
(ui‡r, JǨχ^£-255) `«Ü∞« =Ú‡"£∞ KÕ¿ã =ÚO^Œ∞ =∞#ã¨∞Ö’ `«Ü∞« =Ú‡"£∞
KÕÜ∞« É’`«∞<åfl=∞x J#∞HÀ"åe. `«~åfi`« aã≤‡ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ѨiOî z
9) Wã≤ÇÎ ¨ *Ï =¸ÅOQÍ (|∞MÏs)
Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å∂ Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí"≥∞ÿ# =∞\˜ì g∞^Œ H˘\˜ì KÕ`«∞ʼnõΩ
10) |Ç≤Ï+¨µì =¸ÅOQÍ (|∞MÏs) JO@∞‰õΩ#fl =∞\˜ìx T^•e. P KÕ`«∞Å`À =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ
11) ѨÙi\˜ ~°H„Îõ ™ê=O =¸ÅOQÍ (ui‡r) =ÚMÏxfl ã¨Ê$tOK«∞HÀ"åe. `«~åfi`« ~Ô O_»∞ KÕ`∞« efl =∞}˜H@ õ ¡
12) g~°º ãö̈Å#O =¸ÅOQÍ (ui‡r) =~°‰Ωõ ã¨Ê$tOK«∞HÀ"åe. J#QÍ Z_»=∞KÕ`ÀÎ ‰õΩ_ç KÕug∞^Œ,
13) XO>ˇ =∂Oã¨O u#@O =¸ÅOQÍ (=Úã≤O¡ , JǨχ^£) ‰õΩ_çK`Õ ÀÎ Z_»=∞KÕu g∞^Œ =∞ã¨ÇÏπ KÕÜ∂« e. (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ )
=∞O@ g∞^Œ =O_ç# =ã¨∞=Î ÙÅ∞ u#@O =Å¡, HÍ"åÅx
"åOu KÕã∞¨ HÀ=@O =Å¡, QÍÜ«∞O #∞Oz ~°HOÎõ HÍ~°@O 1) „ѨÜ∂« }OÖ’ h~°∞ ^˘~°H#õ ѨÙÊ_»∞ ÖËHõ "åºkè, |ÅÇ‘Ï#
=Å¡ =ÙE ÉèOí QÆ =∞=^Œ∞. (J|∂^•=Ó^£) `«Å =¸ÅOQÍ g~°ºãö̈Å#O [iy QÆ∞ãπ¡ KÕ¿ãÎ "åºkè
f„==∞=Ù`«∞O^Õ"≥∂ ##fl ÉèíÜ«∞=Ú#flѨÙÊ_»∞ `«Ü«∞
`«Ü«∞=Ú‡"£∞ QÆ∞iOz... =Ú‡"£ ∞ KÕ ã ≤ #=∂*ò KÕ ã ¨ ∞ HÀ=K« ∞ Û. WÖÏO\˜
=ÙE ÖËHõ QÆ∞ãπ¡ KÕÜ∞« =Åã≤# J=ã¨~O° LO_ç hà◊√§ QÆ`º« O`«~O° ÖËx ã¨=∞Ü«∂Ö’¡ `«Ü∞« =Ú‡"£∞- =ÙE,
^˘~°Hõx ã¨=∞Ü«∂Ö’¡ ÖËHõ h\˜ LѨÜ≥∂QÆO =Å¡ #+ì̈O HõÅ∞QÆ∞ QÆ∞ãπ¡– Ô~O_çO\˜H© |^Œ∞Å∞ J=Ù`«∞Ok.
`«∞O^Œ#fl ÉèÜ
í ∞« O L#flѨC_»∞, L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ "åºkè =∞iO`«
ÃÑ~°∞QÆ∞`«∞O^Õ"≥∂##fl ɡ_»^Œ L#flѨÙÊ_»∞ `«Ü«∞=Ú‡"£∞ 2) ^Œ∞ã¨∞ÎÅ∞, ~åà◊√§, Hõ„~°Å∞, ֒ǨÏѨ٠=ã¨∞Î=ÙÅ∞ `«Ü«∞
KÕã¨∞HÀ=K«∞Û. =Ú‡"£∞ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=\ÏxH˜ ѨxH˜~å=Ù.
4

http://TeluguIslam.net/
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 17 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 18
3) U q+¨Ü«∂Å =¸ÅOQÍ#~Ú`Õ =ÙE ÉèíOQÆ=∞=Ù =∞ã≤^˚ ∞Œ #∞O_ç |Ü«∞\˜H˜ "≥_Ö» @Ë Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∞ KÕÜ∞« =Åã≤# ^Œ∞P:
`«∞O^À "å\˜ =¸ÅOQÍ `«Ü∞« =Ú‡"£∞ ‰õÄ_® ÉèOí QÆ=∞=Ù =∞ã≤^˚ £ #∞Oz |Ü«∞\˜H˜ =KÕÛ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ
`«∞Ok. Z_»=∞HÍÅ∞ |Ü«∞@ÃÑ\ì̃ D ^Œ∞P ѨiOî Kåe:
4) WOHÍ h~°∞ ^˘iH˜#ѨÙÊ_»∞ ÖËHõ HÍ~°}O `˘ÅyáÈ~Ú
#ѨÙÊ_»∞ ‰õÄ_® =ÙE ÉèOí QÆ=∞=Ù`«∞Ok.
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JãπJÅ∞Hõ q∞<£ Ѷ¨*òeH±
=∞ã≤˚^£Ö’H˜ „Ѩ"ÕtOKÕ@ѨC_»∞ KÕ¿ã ^Œ∞P
F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! <Õ#∞ x#∞fl h J#∞„QÆÇϨ O „Ѩ™êkOK«=∞x
=∞ã≤˚^£Ö’H˜ „Ѩ"ÕtOKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ ‰õΩ_çHÍÅ∞ „áêi÷ã¨∞Î<åfl#∞. (=Úã≤¡O)
֒ѨÅÃÑ\ì̃ D ^Œ∞P KÕÜ∂« e:

''aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =ã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖÏ ~°ã¨∂eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑Ѷ≤s¡


JÖϡǨï=∞‡Ñ¶π`«ÇπÏb JÉò"å| ~°Ç¨Ï‡uHõ (=Úã≤¡O) A#∂c =Ѷπ`«ÇπÏb JÉò"å| Ѷ¨l¡Hõ.——
F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! <å H˘~°‰õΩ h HÍ~°∞}º ^•fi~åÅ∞ `≥~°∞=Ù.
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ¿Ñ~°∞`À (=∞ã≤^˚ Ö £ ’H˜) „Ѩ"tÕ ã¨∞<Î åfl#∞. ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ âßOu
HÀã¨O „áêi÷ã∞¨ <Î åfl#∞. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! <å HÀã¨O h Láêkè ^•fi~åÅ∞
( 771 `≥~∞° =Ù. (Wɡfl =∂*Ï–772 ã¨ÇÏ‘ ÇπÏ)
''aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =ã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖÏ ~°ã¨∂eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑Ѷ≤s¡ J*Ï<£ QÆ∞iOz...
A#∂c =Ѷπ`«ÇπÏb JÉò"å| ~°Ç¨Ï‡uHõ.——
J*Ï<£ F W™ê¡g∞Ü«∞ zǨÏflO. =Úã≤O¡ Å QÆ∞iÎOѨÙ.
(JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞`À =∞ã≤˚^£Ö’H˜ „Ѩ"Õtã¨∞Î<åfl#∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ âßOu J*Ï<£ ^•fi~å ^Œ∂~°OÖ’ L#fl"åiH˜ #=∂*ò "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ HÍÉ’
HÀã¨O „áêi÷ã∞¨ <Î åfl#∞. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! <å áêáêÅ#∞ Hõq∆ ∞OK«∞. h `ÀO^Œx "å~°Î W=fi|_»∞`«∞Ok. `«^•fi~å "å~°∞ ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ
HÍ~°∞}º ^•fi~åÅ#∞ <å HÀã¨O `≥~∞° =Ù.) #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« \ÏxH˜ =∞ã≤^˚ ‰£ Ωõ =™êÎ~∞° . J*Ï<£ K≥¿ÑÊ@ѨÙÊ_»∞

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 19 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 20


K«∞ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õà§◊ #∞ ~Ô O_»∞ K≥=ÙÅ ~°O„^è•Ö’¡ ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ"åe. J+πÇϨ ^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ : JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ `«Ñʨ
(Wɡfl=∂*Ï) "Õ~˘Hõ P~å^躌 ^Õ=Ù_»∞ ÖË_x» <Õ#∞ ™êHõº∆ O ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`«∞<åfl#∞.
J*Ï<£ ѨÅ∞‰õΩÅ∞ Wq: J+π Ç ¨ Ï ^Œ ∞ J#fl =ÚǨ Ï =∞‡^Œ „ ~° ã ¨ ∂ Å∞ÖÏ¡ Ç π Ï :
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ Jx <Õ#∞ ™êHõº∆ O ѨÅ∞‰õΩ
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü `«∞<åfl#∞.
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ç¨ÏÜ«∞º JÅã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ: #=∂*ò HÀã¨O ~°O_ç.
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÖ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ç¨ÏÜ«∞º JÅÖò Ѷ¨ÖÏÇπÏ: ™êѶ¨ÅºO "≥·Ñ¨Ù‰õΩ ~°O_ç.
Ѷ¨„*ò (L^ŒÜ«∞OѨÓ@ #=∂A) H˘~°‰õΩ WKÕÛ
J+πÇϨ ^Œ∞ J#fl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ„~ã° ∂¨ Å∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ J*Ï<£Ö’ ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅÖò Ñ¶Ö ¨ ÏÇπÏ `«~åfi`« ''Jã¨ûÖÏ`«∞ Mˇ~· ∞° "£∞
J+πÇϨ ^Œ∞ J#fl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ„~ã° ∂¨ Å∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ q∞#<Òfl"£∞—— Jx ~Ô O_»∞™ê~°∞¡ K≥áêÊe. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl
Y∞*ˇ=· ∂, 386)
ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ Jã¨ûÖÏ`«∞ Mˇ·~°∞"£∞ q∞#<Òfl"£∞ JO>Ë x„^Œ HõO>Ë
ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ #=∂A Q˘Ñ¨Ê^Œx ÉèÏ=O.
ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅÖò Ѷ¨ÖÏÇπÏ J*Ï<£ q<Õ"å~°∞ ‰õÄ_® =ÚJl˚<£ (J#QÍ J*Ï<£
ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅÖò Ѷ¨ÖÏÇπÏ WKÕÛ"åx) ѨÅ∞‰õΩefl ѨÙ#â◊Ûiã¨∂Î LO_®e. J~Ú`Õ =ÚJl˚<£
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨ÏÜ«∞º JÅÖò Ѷ¨ÖÏÇπÏ
ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ. J#flѨÙÊ_»∞ =∂„`«O q<Õ"å~°∞ ''ÖÏǨÏ∫Å =ÖÏ Y∞=fi`« WÖÏ¡
aÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (ã¨`å¯~åºÅ∞ KÕ¿ã â◊H˜Î ^Œ∞ëê¯~åºÅ‰õΩ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ
J#∞"å^ŒO: LO_»QeÆ Qˆ ™ê=∞~°º÷ O JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ^•fi~å<Õ „áêÑÎ̈=∞=Ù`«∞Ok)——
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü: JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ JO^ŒiHõO>Ë Q˘Ñ¨Ê"å_»∞. Jx K≥áêÊe. (=Úã≤¡O)
5

http://TeluguIslam.net/
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 21 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 22
J*Ï<£ J~ÚáÈ~Ú# `«~åfi`« =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ ã¨ÅÖ
¡ Ï¡Çï¨ â◊√ÉèÏÅ∞ „Ѩ™êkOKå"À JÖψQ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨ÅO¡ )‰õΩ, PÜ«∞#
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =ã¨Å¡O H˘~°‰õΩ ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨiîOKåe. PѨ Ù Î Å ‰õ Ω , PÜ« ∞ # 㨠O |Onè ‰ õ Ω ʼnõ Ω ‰õ Ä _® â◊ √ Éè Ï Å∞
„Ѩ™êkOK«∞. xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ h=Ù ã¨∞uÎ OѨ^yŒ #"å_»=Ù, Q˘Ñ¨Ê
^Œ~∂° ^£ +¨sѶπ =∞ǨÏ`«∞Î QÆÅ"å_»=Ù. (|∞MÏs)
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) H˘~°‰õΩ XHõ™êi ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨiîOz#
=ºH˜Î g∞^Œ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ѩk™ê~°∞¡ HÍ~°∞}ºO ‰õΩiÑ≤™êÎ_∞» . (=Úã≤O¡ )
J*Ï<£ WMÏ=∞`üÅ =∞^躌 KÕÜ∞« |_Õ ^Œ∞P „`Àã≤ÑÙ¨ K«Û
|_»^Œ∞. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r, 489)
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ã¨e¡ JÖÏ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ = JÖÏ Pe ^Œ~°∂^£ `«~åfi`« D ^Œ∞P ѨiîOKåe:
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ Hõ=∂ ã¨Öˇ·¡`« JÖÏ W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ = JÖÏ
Pe W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ W#flHõ ǨÏg∞^Œ∞"£∞ =∞r^£.
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ ÉÏiH± JÖÏ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ = JÖÏ Pe ''JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ~°|ƒÇ¨lÇ≤Ï^•Ì=u`åÎ=∞‡ÇπÏ =ã¨ûÖÏuÖò
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ Hõ=∂ ÉÏ~°H±`« JÖÏ W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ = JÖÏ MÏ~Ú=∞ÇπÏ Pu =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^ŒxÖò =ã‘Å`« =Öò Ѷr¨ Å`«
Pe W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ W#flHõ ǨÏg∞^Œ∞"£∞ =∞r^£ (|∞MÏs)
=ÉòJãπÇï¨ =∞MÏ=∞O =∞ÇπÏ=¸^Œ xÅ¡r = J`«ÎÇ˙ ¨ ——
F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! W„ÉÏÇ‘ÏO (JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï)ÃÑ· PÜ«∞# PѨÙÎÅÃÑ·, F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! D ã¨OѨÓ~°‚ Ñ≤Å∞ѨىõΩ, „áê~°OÉèíO HÍÉ’ÜÕ∞
ã¨O|Onè‰Ωõ ÅÃÑ· h=Ù ZÖÏ HÍ~°∞}ºO ‰õΩiÑ≤OKå"À JÖψQ #=∂*ò‰õΩ JkèѨf!! =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ '=ã‘ÖÏ—#∞
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨ÅO¡ )ÃÑ·, PÜ«∞# PѨÙÅ Î ÃÑ· PÜ«∞# ã¨O|Onè
‰õΩÅÃÑ· ‰õÄ_® HÍ~°∞}ºO ‰õΩiÑ≤OK«∞. xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ h=Ù ã¨∞uÎ OѨ (Ѷ¨∞#`«#∞) „Ѩ™ê kOK«∞. h=Ù PÜ«∞#‰õΩ "åQÍÌ#O KÕã≤#
^Œy#"å_»=Ù. Q˘Ñ¨Ê =∞ǨÏ`«∞ÎQÆÅ"å_»=Ù. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! W„ÉÏÇ‘ÏO '=∞MÏ"≥∞=∞ÇπÏ=¸^£—ÃÑ· PÜ«∞xfl Jkè+Oì≤ Ѩ*~ˇ Úº.
(JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï)‰õΩ, PÜ«∞# PѨÙÎʼnõΩ, ã¨O|Onè‰õΩʼnõΩ U q^èŒOQÍ (|∞MÏs,=Úã≤¡O)

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 23 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 24


WMÏ=∞`ü ѨÅ∞‰õΩÅ∞ Wq: 2) A„ÇπÏÖ’ 4 ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü, 4 ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѶ¨~ü̊, 2
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü, "≥Ú`«OÎ ´ 10
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ JÖÏ ¡WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ 3) J„ãπÖ’ 4 ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѶ¨~ü̊, "≥Ú`«ÎO ´ 4
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ J#fl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ„~°ã¨∂Å∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ 4) =∞Q∑iÉòÖ’ 3 ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѶ¨~ü̊, 2 ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü,
ǨÏÜ«∞º JÅÖò Ѷ¨ÖÏÇπÏ "≥Ú`«OÎ ´ 5
Y^£MÏ=∞ uã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ, Y^£ MÏ=∞ uã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü 5) WëêÖ’ 4 ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѶ¨~ü̊, 2 ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü, 1 ÖËHõ
ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ 3 ~°HÍ`«∞Å q„`ü, "≥Ú`«OÎ ´9
(|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ )
WëêÖ’ ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞, #Ñ¶Ö ≤ ò #=∂AÅ `«~åfi`« z=~À¡
Y^£ MÏ=∞uã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ JO>Ë #=∂A "≥Ú^ŒÅ~ÚO^Œx ÉèÏ=O. q„`ü #=∂A KÕÜ∞« |_»∞`«∞Ok.
#=∂A QÆ∞iOz... QÆ=∞xHõ: XHõ¯ Wëê `«Ñʨ q∞QÆ`å #=∂AÅxflO\˜h
~ˆ ~ÚO|=à◊§Ö’ S^Œ∞ѨÓ@Å #=∂AÅ∞ KÕÜ∞« @O J`«ºO`« `«fi~°QÍ, `˘e"Õà◊Ö’ KÕÜ«∞@O L`«Î=∞O. Wëê
qkè. "≥Ú`«ÎO Ѩ<≥flO_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ KÕÜ«∞@O #=∂A#∞ =∂„`«O PÅ㨺OQÍ KÕÜ∞« @O L`«=Î ∞O. (=Úã≤O¡ )
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) q^è•#O. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂AÅxflO\˜x `˘e"Õà◊Ö’¡<Õ
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤¡O)
1) Ѷ¨„*ò 2) A„ÇπÏ 3) J„ãπ 4) =∞Q∑iÉò 5) Wëê
"≥Ú`«OΠѶ~¨ ü̊ #=∂AÅ ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨OYº 17. "≥Ú`«OÎ
ÃÑ· #=∂AÖ’¡ Ѷ~¨ ,ü̊ ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å ã¨OYº D q^èOŒ QÍ LO@∞Ok: ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ 12 ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞. q„`ü #=∂A 1 ÖËHõ 3 ÖËHõ 5
1) Ѷ¨„*òÖ’ 2 ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü, 2 ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѶ¨~ü˚ , ~°HÍ`«∞ Å~Ú<å KÕÜ∞« =K«∞Û.
"≥Ú`«ÎO´4 Ѷ„¨ *ò #=∂A LëÈ^ŒÜ∞« O "Õà◊ KÕÜ∞« |_»∞`«∞Ok.
6

http://TeluguIslam.net/
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 25 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 26
A„ÇπÏ J„ãπ #=∂AÅ∞ ѨQ\
Æ ˜ ѨÓ@ KÕÜ∞« |_»`å~Ú. 4) =∞Q∑iÉò #=∂A "Õà:◊ ã¨∂~åºã¨=Î ∞Ü«∞O `«~åfi`« #∞Oz

=∞Q∑iÉò, Wëê #=∂AÅ∞ ~å„uѨÓ@ KÕÜ∞« |_Õ #=∂AÅ∞. ã¨O^蕺 ~°∞}˜=∞ =∂Ü«∞=∞ÜÕ∞º ^•HÍ LO@∞Ok.
5) Wëê #=∂A "Õà◊: ã¨O^蕺~°∞}˜=∞ =∂Ü«∞=∞~Ú#
q„`ü #=∂A `«~åfi`« #∞Oz =¸_À=O`«∞ ÖËHõ J~°~ú å„u ^•HÍ Wëê
Jã¨Å∞ q„`ü #=∂A ~å„uѨÓ@ KÕÜ∞« |_Õ #=∂A #=∂A "Õà◊ LO@∞Ok. (|∞MÏs)
ÅxflO\˜Ö’ HÔ ÖÏ¡ z=ik. Jk `«ÇϨ A˚^£ `«~åfi`« KÕÜ∞« |_»∞
`«∞Ok. ~å„uѨÓ@ "Õ∞ÖÁ¯#ÖËx "åà◊√§ q„`ü #=∂A#∞ Wëê #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« ‰õÄ_»x "ÕàÅ◊ ∞
`«~åfi`«<Õ KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe. q„`ü #=∂A ã¨∞#fl`≥ =ÚJHõ¯^•. Hõ#∞Hõ 1) ã¨∂~Àº^ŒÜ∞« O "Õà.◊
nxx `«Ñʨ ‰õΩO_® KÕÜ∂« e.
2) q∞@ì=∞^蕺ǨÏflO ã¨∂~°∞º_»∞ #_ç<u≥ gÎ ∞^Œ L#flѨÙÊ_»∞.
#=∂A =º=^è∞Œ Å∞ ("ÕàÅ◊ ∞) 3) ã¨∂~åºã¨=Î ∞Ü«∞O "Õà.◊ (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ , J|∂^•=Ó^£,
1) Ѷ„¨ *ò #=∂A "Õà:◊ LëÈ^ŒÜ∞« O #∞Oz ã¨∂~åºã¨=Î ∞Ü«∞O #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£, ui‡r, Wɡfl=∂*Ï)
HÍHõ=ÚO^Œ∞ =~°‰Ωõ LO@∞Ok.
2) A„ÇπÏ #=∂A "Õà◊: ã¨∂~°∞º_»∞ <≥u#Î ∞Oz "åe#ѨÊ\˜ =∞ã≤^˚ £ xÜ«∞=∂Å∞– ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõ #=∂A
#∞Oz „Ѩu =ã¨∞Î=Ù h_» P =ã¨∞Î=Ù‰õΩ ã¨=∂#OQÍ „áê=ÚYº`«
JÜÕ∞ºO`«=~°‰Ωõ LO@∞Ok. 1) =∞ã≤^˚ Ö
£ ’H˜ „Ѩ"tÕ Oz# `«~åfi`« ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ =ÚO^Œ∞ ~Ô O_»∞
3) J„ãπ #=∂A "Õà:◊ =ã¨∞=Î Ù h_» P =ã¨∞=Î Ù‰õΩ ã¨=∂#OQÍ ~°HÍ`«∞Å `«ÇÏ≤ Ü«∞º`«∞Öò =∞ã≤^˚ £ #=∂A KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe.
J~Ú #ѨÊ\˜ #∞Oz ~Ô O_çO`«Å∞ JÜÕ∞º =~°‰Ωõ QÆÅ (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O)
ã¨=∞Ü«∞O J„ãπ #=∂A Ü≥ÚHõ¯ `˘e"ÕàQ◊ Í ÉèÏqOK« (A=∂ ~ÀA J~Ú`Õ W=∂"£∞ ÖËHõ Yf|∞ Y∞`åƒ
|_»∞`«∞Ok. Wã¨∞#Î flѨÙÊ_≥<· å D #=∂A KÕÜ∂« e.)

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 27 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 28


2) XO@iQÍ KÕ¿ã #=∂A HõO>Ë =∞ã≤^˚ ∞Œ Ö’ ™ê=¸Ç≤Ï LO\Ï~°∞. "åi D PK«~°} ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒúO.
HõOQÍ KÕ¿ã #=∂A‰õΩ 27 Ô~@∞¡ Z‰õΩ¯= ѨÙ}ºO WÖÏ KÕÜ∞« @O =Å¡ ѨÙ}ºO =$^è• J~ÚáÈÜÕ∞ „Ѩ=∂^Œ
Åaèã¨∞ÎOk(=Úã≤¡O). =ÚOk.
3) „Ѩ u ~ÀE S^Œ ∞ Ѩ Ó @Å #=∂AÅ#∞ „Hõ = ∞O 7) ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõ #=∂A "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·# `«~åfi`« =KÕÛ"å~°∞
`«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_®, xÜ«∞=∞|^ŒúOQÍ PK«iOKÕ =ºH˜Î =Å¡ W=∂"£∞ U ã≤u÷ Ö’ LO>Ë P ã≤u÷ Ö’<Õ [=∂J`üÖ’
[iy# z#fl z#fl áêáêÅhfl Hõ∆q∞OK«|_»`å~Ú Hõeã≤áÈ"åe. [=∂J`ü`À áê@∞ XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞ KÕ¿ã
(|∞MÏi,=Úã≤¡O). „Ѩà◊Ü«∞ k<å# J`«#∞ ã¨`«º J=HÍâ◊O ^˘iH˜<å ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõ #=∂A ѨÙ}ºO
=O`«∞Å, J=∞~°g~°∞Å`Àáê@∞ LO\Ï_»∞. ÅaèOz#>Ë¡. (J|∂^•=Ó^£)
(Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£) 8) [=∂J`ü ~° ∞ ‰õ Ä Ö’ L#flѨ Ù Ê_» ∞ [=∂`ü "≥ O @
4) +¨sJ`ü =∞xflOKÕ HÍ~°}"Õ∞n ÖˉΩõ O_® ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõ ~°∞‰õÄÖ’H˜ "≥o§áÈ`Õ P ~°HÍ`«∞ ѨÓiÎQÍ ÅaèOz#@∞¡
#=∂A#∞ =^ŒeÃÑ@ì@O ^è~Œ ‡° ã¨=∞‡`«O HÍ^Œ∞. HÍ^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å
(|∞MÏs) ѨiOî K«@O Jx"å~°ºO. á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å K«^=Œ HõáÈ`Õ
#=∂*ò <≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞. JO^Œ∞Hõx P ~°HÍ`«∞#∞ z=~À¡
5) ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú #Ѷ≤Öò #=∂AÅ∞ WO_»¡Ö’¡ ѨÓiÎ KÕã¨∞ HÀ"åe. (|∞MÏs)
KÕã∞¨ HÀ=@O L`«=Î ∞O. (=Úã≤O¡ ) 9) #=∂AÖ’ W=∂=Ú#∞ ѨÓiÎQÍ J#∞ã¨iOK«@O
6) Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂A H˘~°‰õΩ WMÏ=∞`ü K≥ѨÊ|_ç# `«~åfi`« `«Ñ¨Êx ã¨i. Hõ#∞Hõ ~°∞‰õÄ ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡H˜ "≥àı¡@ѨÙÊ_»∞QÍx,
™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ Ñ¶~¨ ˚ü #=∂A KÕÜ∞« @O `«Ñʨ =∞ˆ~ W`«~° ~°∞‰õÄ ã¨*ÏÌÅ #∞Oz `«Å ÃÑ·HÔ `Õ@
ΠѨÙÊ_»∞QÍx W=∂"£∞
(ã¨∞#fl`«∞ ÖËHõ #ѶÖ≤ )ò #=∂E KÕÜ∞« ~å^Œ∞. (=Úã≤O¡ ) HõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ U Ѩh KÕÜ∞« ‰õÄ_»^∞Œ . (|∞MÏs)
™ê^è•~°}OQÍ H˘xfl =∞ã≤^˚ ∞Œ Ö’¡ L^ŒÜ∞« Ѩ٠(Ѷ„¨ *ò) #=∂*ò 10) #=∂AÖ’ ѨO‰õΩeÎ fl u#flQÍ LOK«∞HÀ"åe. Ã+·`å<£
"Õà◊ XHõ"Ñ·≥ Ù¨ ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ Ñ¶~¨ ü̊ #=∂A [~°∞QÆ∞`«∂ ^Œ∂~°\ÏxH˜ KÀ@∞ ÖˉõΩO_® Éèí∞*ÏxH˜ Éèí∞[O, HÍÅ∞H˜
LO>Ë =∞~À"≥·Ñ¨Ù [#O ã¨∞#fl`«∞ #=∂AÅ∞ KÕã¨∂Î HÍÅ∞ `«yeOz xOKÀ"åe. (|∞MÏi)
7
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 29 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 30
11) W^Œ~Ì ∞° =º‰õΩÅÎ `À ‰õÄ_® ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõ #=∂A KÕÜ∞« 2) "åǨÏ#OÃÑ·QÍx ÖËHõ F_»ÃÑ·QÍx L#flѨÙÊ_»∞ ÖËHõ â◊„`«∞=Ù
=K«∞Û. JÖÏO@ѨÙÊ_»∞ =ÚHõÎn ‰õΩ_ç"≥·Ñ¨Ù, W=∂=Ú Å`À Ü«Ú^ŒOú KÕã∞¨ #Î flѨÙÊ_»∞ dÉÏ¡"Ñ·≥ Ù¨ uiy #=∂*ò
Z_»=∞ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ # Hõeã≤ xOK˘x #=∂*ò KÕÜ∂« e. KÕÜ∞« @O ™ê^躌 O HÍ#ѨÙÊ_»∞ U "≥Ñ· Ù¨ uiy KÕã<≤ å
(|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ , *Ïa~ü LÖËY ¡ #O) #=∂*ò <≥~°"Õ~°∞`«∞Ok. (ui‡r)
12) WO\’¡ J<ÕHõ=∞Ok „ã‘ÎÅ∞ LO>Ë "å~°O^Œ~°∂ Hõeã≤ 3) xOK˘x #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã â◊HÎ̃ ÖËHáõ È`Õ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx, Jn gÅ∞
™ê=¸Ç≤ Ï Hõ O QÍ #=∂A KÕ ã ¨ ∞ HÀ=K« ∞ Û. J~Ú`Õ HÍHõáÈ`Õ Ñ¨_»∞H˘x Ãã·QÆÅ`À#~Ú<å #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞HÀ
#=∂A‰õΩ ™ê~°^ºŒä O =Ç≤ÏOKÕ „ã‘Î (JO^ŒiHõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ =K«∞Û. (|∞MÏi)
xOKÀ‰õΩO_®) `˘e ѨOH˜Ö Î ’<Õ W`«~° „ã‘Å
Î ‰õΩ ã¨=∂#OQÍ 4) #=∂AÖ’ ^Œ$+≤ìx ã¨*ÏÌKÕ¿ã KÀ@ ˆHO„nHõiOKåe.
xOKÀ"åe. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ^•Ô~ Y∞ufl) J@∂ W@∂ k‰õΩ¯Å∞ K«∂_»~å^Œ∞. (ɡǷ Ϩ v)
13) „ã‘ÎÅ∞ +¨sJ`ü P^ÕâßÅ#∞ áê\˜ã¨∂Î =∞ã≤˚^£‰õΩ "≥o§ 5) J#flO =_çO¤ K«|_ç L#flѨC_»∞ ÖËHõ =∞Å=¸„`« qã¨~#˚°
#=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« ^Œe¿ãÎ "åix PѨ~å^Œ∞. J~Ú`Õ "å~°∞ KÕÜ«∞=Åã≤ L#flѨC_»∞ P J=ã¨~åÅ∞ ѨÓiÎ KÕã¨∞
WO\’¡ #=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ HÀ=@O L`«=Î ∞O. ‰õΩ<åflˆH #=∂*ò KÕÜ∂« e. (|∞MÏi,=Úã≤¡O)
(J|∂^•=Ó^£, JÖòÉÏx–530) 6) #=∂AÖ’ ^Œ∞ã¨∞ÎÅ#∞, "≥O„@∞HõÅ#∞ ã¨~°∞̉õΩO@∂
LO_»~å^Œ∞. (|∞MÏi)
14) Ñ≤ÅÅ ¡ ∞ ÃÑ^ŒÅÌ "≥#∞Hõ xOKÀ"åe. (|∞MÏi) 7) #=∂AÖ’ PHÍâ◊OˆHã≤ K«∂_»~å^Œ∞. (=Úã≤¡O)
#=∂A‰õΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# H˘xfl =ÚYº 8) „ã‘Î "≥ÚǨÏO, KÕ`∞« Å∞ q∞#Ǩ `«Å #∞Oz áê^•Å^•HÍ
â◊s~°O "≥Ú`«OÎ HõÑÊ≤ LOKåe. (J|∂^•=Ó^£)
q+¨Ü∂« Å QÆ∞iOz... 9) „ã‘ΠѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ #=∂AÖ’¡ ZÖÏO\˜ ÉèË^ŒO ÖË^Œ∞.
1) #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î ^ÕÇϨ O, ^Œ∞ã¨∞Å
Î ∞, #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã KÀ@∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) ''ã¨Å∂¡ Hõ=∂ ~°S`«∞=¸h Lã¨b—¡ —
– Jhfl Ѩiâ◊√„ÉèOí QÍ LO_»@O J=ã¨~O° . (g∞~°∞ ##∞fl U q^èOŒ QÍ #=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ OÎ _»QÍ K«∂âß~À
(|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ ) P q^èOŒ QÍ #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« O_ç) Jx P*Ï˝ÑO≤ Kå~°∞. D

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 31 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 32


P^Õâ◊O „ã‘ΠѨÙ~°∞+¨µe~°∞=ÙiH© =iÎã¨∞ÎOk. (|∞MÏi) #=∂A xÜ«∞=∂Å∞
10) =∞izáÈ~Ú #=∂AÖ’ Z‰õΩ¯= ÖËHõ `«‰Ωõ ¯= ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞
KÕ¿ãÎ ã¨ÖÏO‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ ã¨Ç˙ ¨ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ∂« e. (|∞MÏi) #=∂A‰õΩ `˘q∞‡k xÜ«∞=∂Å∞<åfl~Ú: 1) W™ê¡"∞£
11) #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î `«# =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz "≥àı§"åi 2) `≥eq 3) =∞Oz K≥_∞» Å qK«H} ∆õ 4) =ÙE`À LO_»@O
=¸ÅOQÍ `«# #=∂A‰õΩ JO`«~åÜ«∞O HõÅQƉΩõ O_® 5) #*Ïã¨`≥ ǨÏvd, ǨïH©‡Å#∞ ^Œ∂~°O KÕÜ∞« @O 6) =∞~å‡=
LO_»\ÏxH˜ `«# =ÚO^Œ∞ (Ô~O_»∞ J_»∞QÆ∞Å ^Œ∂~°OÖ’) Ü«∞"åÅ#∞ HõÑÊ≤ LOK«@O 7) xs‚`« ã¨=∞Ü«∞O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞
U^Œ~Ú<å =ã¨∞=Î Ù LOK«∞HÀ"åe. ^•<Õfl 'ã¨∞„`å— Jx HÍ=@O 8) dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy LO_»@O 9)=∞#ã¨∞Ö’
JO\Ï~°∞. (Wɡfl=∂*Ï) ã¨OHõÅÊO KÕã∞¨ HÀ=@O.
12) ^≥=· „Ѩ=Hõ(Î ã¨ÅO¡ ) XHõ =ºHÎ̃x L^ŒÜ∞« Ѩ٠Ѷ~¨ ü̊ #=∂A #=∂AÖ’x q^è∞Œ Å∞ (P~å¯<£)
`«~∞° "å`« ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂A KÕã∞¨ OÎ _»QÍ K«∂ã≤
''L^ŒÜ«∞Ѩ٠(Ѷ¨~ü̊) #=∂A Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞ÖË Hõ^•! =∞i #=∂AÖ’ Ѩ^•flÅ∞QÆ∞ q^è∞Œ Å∞<åfl~Ú: 1) â◊HÎ̃ LO>Ë
h=Ù =∞~À ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ KÕã#≤ @∞ì?——Jx xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« @O 2) `«Hƒ© ~Ô `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ 3) ã¨∂~Ô á¶êuǨ
J_çQÍ~°∞. JO^Œ∞‰õΩ ã¨=∂^è•#OQÍ J`«#∞ ''<Õ#∞ ѨiOî K«@O 4) ~°∞‰õÄ 5) ~°∞‰õÄ `«~åfi`« M∫=∂Ö’ u#flQÍ
(Ѷ[¨ ~üÖ’) ã¨∞#fl`ü #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« ÖË^∞Œ . Hõ#∞Hõ P #=∂A xÅ|_»@O 6) U_»∞ J=Ü«∞"åÅ g∞^Œ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ∞« @O 7)
WѨC_»∞ KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl#∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ_»∞. J`«x ã¨=∂^è•#O
qx ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∞ø#OQÍ LO_çáÈÜ«∂~°∞. ã¨*ÏÌ #∞Oz `«Å ÃÑ·ÔH`«Î@O 8) Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^茺
(ã¨ÇÏ‘ ÇπÏ Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ=· ∂,ǨH˜"∞£ , ɡǷ Ϩ v) ‰õ Ä ~ÀÛ=@O ([ÖÏû) 9) q^è Œ ∞ ÅxflO\˜ x „Ѩ â ßO`« O QÍ
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) =∞ø#O ã¨=∞‡`«OQÍ<Õ ÉèÏqOK«|_»∞ x~° fi iÎ O K« @ O 10) q^è Œ ∞ Å#∞ "å\˜ =~° ∞ 㨠„Hõ = ∞OÖ’
`«∞Ok. x~°fiiÎOK«@O 11) z=i `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ 12) `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ HÀã¨O
13) #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞Î#fl =ºH˜Î =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz "≥àı§ HõO>Ë
#ÅÉè̌· (ÜÕ∞à◊√§ ÖËHõ =∂™êÅ∞ ÖËHõ ~ÀAÅ∞) Z^Œ∞~°∞ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=@O 13) ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) H˘~°‰Ωõ ^Œ~∂° ^£ ѨiOî K«@O
K«∂ã¨∂Î LO_»@O "Õ∞Å∞. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ ) 14) W~°∞"≥·Ñ¨ÙÖÏ ã¨ÖÏO KÕÜ«∞@O.
8
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 33 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 34
#=∂*òÖ’x "ålÉò JOâßÅ∞ Z‰õΩ¯=™ê~°∞¡ ѨiOî K«@O 5) ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^躌 Hõ=∆ ∂Ѩ}
^Œ∞PÅ#∞ XHõ\˜ HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯=™ê~°∞¡ ѨiOî K«@O 6) ~°∞‰õÄÖ’
#=∂*òÖ’ `«Ñʨ xã¨iQÍ KÕÜ∞« =Åã≤# "ålÉò JOâßÅ∞ `«Å#∞ gѨÙH˜ ã¨=∂O`«~O° QÍ LOK«@O 7) ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ KÕ`∞« efl
Zxq∞k L<åfl~Ú. 1) `«Hƒ© ~Ô `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ `«~åfiu "≥Ú`«OÎ `«Hƒ© ~°∞¡ „ѨH¯õ ʼnõΩ PxOK«‰Ωõ O_®, á⁄@ì#∞ `˘_»Å‰õΩ PxOK« ‰õΩO_®,
2) W=∂"£∞, =ÚHõÎnÅ∞ W~°∞=Ù~°∂ ''ã¨q∞JÖϡǨï e=∞<£ `˘_»Å#∞ Ñ≤H¯õ ʼnõΩ PxOK«‰Ωõ O_® LOK«@O. 8) ã¨*ÏÌÖ’
ǨÏq∞^ŒÇπÏ—— Jx J#@O 2) (W=∂"£∞, =ÚHõnÎ =ºHÎ̃Q`Æ O« QÍ "≥∂KÕ`«∞Å#∞ <ÕʼnõΩ `«QÆʼnõΩO_® ÃÑ·ÔHuÎ LOK«@O 9)
"≥Ú^Œ\˜ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’, Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^茺 Z_»=∞ áê^•xfl
#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å_»∞) Z=Ô~<· å ~°|ƒ<å =ÅHõÖò ǨÏ"£∞Ì Jx J#@O Ѩ~z° ^•xg∞^Œ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ =@O, ‰õΩ_çáê^•xfl xÅɡ\ì˜ LOK«@O
4) ~°∞‰õÄÖ’ ''ã¨∞ÉòǨ# ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò Jr"£∞—— Jx J#@O 5) 10) =¸_»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°H`õ ∞« Å #=∂AÖ’ z=i
ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ ''ã¨∞ÉòÇ¨ # ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò PÖÏ—— Jx J#@O 6) ~Ô O_»∞ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ '`«=„~°∞H±— KÕÜ∞« @O. J#QÍ ‰õΩ_çHÍÅ∞x xeÑ≤
ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^躌 ~°aƒQ∑Ñ~≤¶ bü Jx J#@O 7) "≥Ú^Œ\˜ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ LOz ^•x „H˜O^Œ #∞Oz Z_»=∞HÍÅ∞x |Ü«∞\˜H˜ fã≤ Z_»=∞
8) "≥Ú^Œ\˜ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ HÀã¨O ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=@O. Ñ≤~°∞^Œ∞x <ÕÅg∞^Œ PxOz ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=@O 11) "≥Ú^Œ\˜
`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨiîOK«@O 12) z=i `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’
#=∂*òÖ’x ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ ^Œ∞P ѨiîOK«@O 13) Ѷ¨„*ò, A=∂, D^≥·<£, Wã≤Ιêö, =∞„yÉò,
Wëê "≥Ú^Œ\˜ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ aQÆæ~°QÍ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOK«@O
#=∂*òÖ’x ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ D „H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯# |_»∞`«∞<åfl~Ú: 14) A„ÇπÏ, J„ãπ, =∞„yÉò #=∂AÖ’x =¸_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
1) ã¨<å ѨiOî K«@O 2) dÜ«∂"£∞Ö’ (xÅ|_ç) L#fl =∞iÜ«Ú WëêÖ’x z=i ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ Y∞~üP<£ "≥∞Å¡QÍ
ѨÙÊ_»∞ Z_»=∞ J~°KuÕ "≥#∞HõÉÏè QÆO g∞^Œ ‰õΩ_ç J~°K~Õ Ú ÃÑ@∞ì ѨiîOK«@O. 15) á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`Àáê@∞ Y∞~üP<£Ö’x
HÀ=@O 3) `«Hƒ© ~Ô `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ HÀã¨O, ~°∞‰õÄ HÀã¨O =OˆQ@ѨÙÊ_»∞, H˘O`«ÉÏè QÆO ѨiOî K«@O 16) ~°∞‰õÄ #∞Oz `«Å ÃÑ·HÔ uÎ# `«~åfi`«
~°∞‰õÄ #∞Oz `«Å ÃÑ·ÔH`ÕÎ@ѨÙÊ_»∞, "≥Ú^Œ\˜ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ `«~åfi`« W=∂"£∞, =ÚHõnÎ , XO@iQÍ #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î Z=~°~Ú<å
=¸_À ~°HÍ`ü HÀã¨O xOK«∞<Õ@ѨÙÊ_»∞, KÕ`∞« Å „"Õà§◊ x HõeÑ≤ '~°|ƒ<å =ÅHõÖò ǨÏ"£∞—Ì HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯= Ѩ^•Å∞ ѨiOî K«@O
LOz Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞efl Éèí∞*ÏÅ =~°‰õΩ ÖËHõ K≥=ÙÅ =~°‰õΩ 17) ~°∞‰õÄÖ’ "≥∂HÍe zѨÊÅ#∞ Ѩ@∞ì ‰õΩ#flѨÙÊ_»∞ „"Õà#¡◊ ∞
ÃÑ·ÔH`«Î@O 4) ~°∞‰õÄ ÖËHõ ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ `«ã‘ƒÇπÏÅ#∞ XHõ\˜ HõO>Ë =^Œ∞Å∞QÍ LOK«@O.

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 35 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 36


(ÃÑ·# ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_ç# q=~åÅhfl JÖÏ¡=∂ Wɡfl ÉÏ*òQÍi ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ 1. ''JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡! ÉÏ~Ú^£ ɡ·h =ɡ·# Y`åÜ«∂Ü«∞ Hõ=∂
#∞Oz fã¨∞HÀ|_®¤~Ú. xÜ«∞=∂Å #∞Oz ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å =~°‰Ωõ ) ÉÏJ`«Î ɡ·#Öò =∞„+≤d =Öò =∞„ya JÖϡǨï=∞‡ #döh
q∞<£ Y`åÜ«∂Ü«∞ Hõ=∂ Ü«Ú#Yö™œû|∞Öò JÉòÜ«∞A
#=∂*ò KÕã¿ =∞ã¨∂fl<£ Ѩ^uúŒ q∞#^Œ Ì # ã≤ JÖÏ¡ Ç ¨ ï =∞‡Q∑ ã ≤ Ö òh q∞<£ Y`åÜ« ∂ Ü« ∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ „ѨɒkèOKå~°∞: aÖò=∂~Ú =ã¨ûÖòl, =Öò |~°k.——
g∞~°∞ ##∞fl U q^èOŒ QÍ#~Ú`Õ #=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ OÎ _»QÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ! <å‰õÄ, <å áêáêʼnõÄ =∞^茺 `«∂~°∞Ê Ñ¨_»
K«∂âß~À g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® J^Õ q^èOŒ QÍ #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« O_ç. (|∞MÏi) =∞~°Å =∞^茺 L#flO`« ^Œ∂~åxfl ã¨$+≤ìOK«∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ! `≥Å¡x
"≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞: =ÚO^Œ∞ =ÙE`À LO_ç dÉÏ¡ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ =„™êÎxfl =∂e#ºO #∞O_ç â◊√„ÉèOí KÕã#≤ @∞¡ ##∞fl ‰õÄ_® áêáêÅ
uiy u#flQÍ xÅ|_®e. KÕÜ«∞=Åã≤# #=∂A QÆ∞iOz #∞O_ç Ѩiâ◊√^ŒúO K≥~Úº. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! <å áêáêÅ#∞ h\˜`À,
=∞#ã¨∞Ö’ ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞HÀ"åe. (ã¨OHõÖÏÊxfl <À\˜`À ѨÅHõ@O =∞OK«∞`À, =_»QàÆ §◊ `À „ѨHÍ∆ à◊#O K≥~Úº. (|∞MÏi,=Úã≤O¡ )
a^£J`ü). `«~åfi`« KÕ`«∞Å „"Õà◊√§ =^Œ∞Å∞QÍ LOz KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÖËHõ D ^Œ∞P ѨiîOKåe.
ÃÑ·ÔH`åÎe (=Úã≤¡O). `«H©ƒÔ~ `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ J#QÍ 'JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—
Jx K≥ÑÊ≤ ‰õΩ_ç J~°KuÕ x Z_»=∞ KÕ~Ú =∞}˜H@ õ ∞ì g∞^Œ LOz
~˘=Ú‡ g∞^Œ Hõ @ ∞ì H À"åe (ã¨ Ç ‘ Ï Çπ Ï Wɡ fl Y∞*ˇ · = ∂,
J|∂^•=Ó^£). `«H©ƒÔ~ `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ `«~åfi`« KÕ`«∞Å∞ Hõ@∞ìH˘x ''ã¨∞ÉòǨ#HõÖϡǨï=∞‡ =aǨÏq∞ÌHõ =`«ÉÏ~°Hõã¨∞‡Hõ =
xÅ|_»\Ïxfl dÜ«∂"£∞ Jx JO\Ï~°∞. dÜ«∂"£∞ ã≤u÷ Ö’ ^Œ$+≤ì `«PÖÏ [^Œ∞ÌHõ =ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï ÔQ·~°∞Hõ——
ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã KÀ\’¡ LO_®e (ɡ·Ç¨Ïv). `«~åfi`« "≥∞Å¡QÍ „áê~°OÉèí F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! h=٠Ѩiâ◊√^Œ∞ú_»=Ù. <Õ#∞ x#∞fl ã¨∞Îuã¨∞Î
^Œ∞P ѨiOî Kåe. <åfl#∞. h <å=∞O â◊√Éè=í O`«"∞≥ #ÿ k. h „áêÉè=í O ZO`À Q˘Ñ¨Êk.
h=Ù `«Ñʨ "Õ~˘Hõ P~å^躌 ^Õ=Ù_»∞ ÖË_∞» . (ui‡r,#™ê~Ú)
P~°OÉèí ^Œ∞P `«~°∞"å`« "≥∞Å¡QÍ

9
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 37 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 38
'J=ÓA aÖÏ¡ Ç ≤ Ï q∞#+¨ ¬ ~ Ú`å x„~° r "£ ∞ , ã≤„i #=∂AÖ’¡ ã¨∂~Ô á¶êuǨ`Àáê@∞ Pg∞<£ ‰õÄ_®
aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡ x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞—— ѨiOî Kåe. "≥∞e¡QÍ Ñ¨iOî Kåe. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ –189= JOâ◊O)
Ѷ¨„*ò, =∞„yÉò, WëêÅÖ’ Ѷ¨~ü̊ #=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\˜ =ÚHõÎn [ÇπÏs #=∂AÖ’#~Ú<å, ã≤„i #=∂A
Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å aQÆæ~°QÍ Ñ¨iîOKåe. A„ÇπÏ, Ö’#~Ú<å Hˆ =ÅO ã¨∂~Ô á¶êuǨ =∂„`«"∞Õ Ñ¨iOî Kåe. "Õ̂~
J„ãπ #=∂AÖ’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Jxfl ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡#∂ "≥∞Å¡QÍ
ѨiOî Kåe. „Ѩu #=∂AÖ’- Jk Ѷ~¨ ˚ü J~Ú<å ã¨∞#fl`ü J~Ú<å U ã¨∂~å K«^∞Œ =#=ã¨~O° ÖË^∞Œ . (|∞MÏi)
#Ñ¶Ö ≤ ò J~Ú<å ÖËHõ aQÆ~æ Q° Í Y∞~üP<£ ѨiOî KÕ #=∂*ò J~Ú<å ã¨∂~Ô á¶êuǨ `«~åfi`« W=∂"£∞ =∞iÜ«Ú XO@iQÍ
, "≥∞Å¡QÍ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiOî KÕ #=∂*ò J~Ú<å „Ñ¨u XHõ¯_»∂- #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î – W^Œ~Ì ∂° Y∞~üP<£Ö’x U^Œ~Ú<å ã¨∂~å
J`«#∞ W=∂"£∞ J~Ú<å =ÚHõnÎ J~Ú<å ÖËHõ XO@iQÍ ÖËHõ Y∞~üP<£Ö’ `«=∞‰õΩ QÆ∞~°∞Î#flk K«^Œ∞=ÙHÀ"åe. [ÇπÏs
#=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ #Î fl "å_»~Ú<å JO^Œ~∂° á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«@O #=∂AÖ’¡ aQÆ~æ Q° Í#∂, ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’¡ "≥∞Å¡QÍ#∂ K«^"Œ åe.
qkè. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ÖˉΩõ O_® #=∂*ò <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ . (|∞MÏs)
(|∞MÏi, =Úã≤¡O)
"Õ~˘Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) ã¨∂Ô~ á¶êuǨ XO@iQÍ #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å_»~Ú`Õ ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞, #Ѷà≤ ¡◊
K«^=Œ x #=∂A Jã¨OѨÓ~°"‚ ∞≥ #ÿ ^Œx =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ J<åfl~°∞. Ö’x Jxfl ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡#∂ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å `«~åfi`« =∞ˆ~^Œ~Ú<å
(=Úã≤¡O) ã¨∂~å K«^"Œ åe.
=ÚHõÎn "≥∞e¡QÍ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOKÕ ã≤„s–#=∂AÖ’
J~Ú<å, aQÆæ~°QÍ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOKÕ ([ÇπÏs) #=∂AÖ’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å
J~Ú<å aã≤‡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨∂Ô~ á¶êuǨÅ∞ "≥∞Å¡QÍ
ѨiîOKåe.
[ÇπÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ ''=Å*Ï˚fib¡<£—— J#flѨÙÊ_»∞ W=∂"£∞,
=ÚHõÎnÅ∞ W~°∞=Ù~°∂ aQÆæ~°QÍ ™êQÆnã≤ =∞s Pg∞<£ Jx ''JÖòǨ Ï =ÚÌ eÖÏ¡ Ç ≤ Ï ~° a ƒÖò PÅg∞<£ .
ѨÅHÍe. (ui‡r, J|∂ ^•=Ó^£) J„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘ÏO. =∂eH˜ Ü«∞øq∞nÌ<£. WÜ«∂ºHõ

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 39 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 40


<å|∞^Œ∞ = WÜ«∂ºHõ #ã¨Î~¸<£. WÇπÏk#ã≤û~å`«Öò HÍÅO ™êH˜∆QÍ! xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ =∂#=Ù_»∞ ÃÑ^ŒÌ
=Úã¨Îv"£∞. ã≤~å`«Å¡r# J<£J"£∞`« JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï"£∞. #ëêìxH˜ QÆ∞iJ~Ú L<åfl_»∞. qâ◊fiã≤Oz ã¨`å¯~åºÅ∞ KÕã∂¨ Î
ÔQ·iÖò =∞Q∑Ea JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï"£∞ =Å*Ï˚fib¡<£——. LO_Õ " å~° ∂ , XHõ i H˘Hõ ~ ° ∞ 㨠` ÀºÑ¨ ^Õ â ◊ O , ã¨ Ç ¨ Ï #É’^è Œ
(ã¨HõÅ ™È΄`åÅ∞ ã¨~°fi Ö’HÍʼnõÄ „ѨÉèí∞"≥·# JÖÏ¡ÇπψH KÕã¨∞‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∂ `«Ñ¨Ê.
â’aè™êÎ~Ú. PÜ«∞# J#O`« Hõ~∞° }Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêj 2. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ Ñ¶‘Öò
Å∞_»∞. „ѨàÜ◊ ∞« k# Jkè<`Õ .« ^Õ"å! "Õ∞=Ú x<Õfl P~åkèã∞¨ <Î åflO.
ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞O H˘~°‰Ωõ x<Õfl Ji÷ã∞¨ <Î åflO. =∂‰õΩ ã¨<å‡~°Oæ K«∂Ñ≤OK«∞.
=∞=∞‡efl h J#∞„QÆǨxH˜ áê„`«∞Å~Ú# "åi =∂~°æOÖ’
#_çÑ≤OK«∞. h P„QÆǨxH˜ QÆ∞iHÍx "åi, =∂~°æ„Éèí+¨µìÅ∞ HÍx
"åi =∂~°Oæ Ö’ #_çÑO≤ K«∞.
aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞
1. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ J„ãπ JÅ"£∞`«~° ÔH·Ñ¶¨ Ѷ¨JÅ ~°|∞ƒHõ aJãπǨaÖò Ѷ‘Öò.
JÅ"£∞ Ü«∞*òJÖò ÔH·^ÇŒ ï¨ "£∞ Ѷ‘ `«*òbÅò. = J~üãŨ
JÖˇ · Ç≤ Ï "£ ∞ `≥ · ~° < £ JÉÏcÖò. `« ~ ü g ∞Ç≤ Ï "£ ∞
aÇ≤Ï*Ï~°u"£∞ q∞<£ ã≤r˚Öò. Ѷ¨[JÅǨï"£∞ HõJãπ
Ѷ"≤ ∞£ =∂‰õÄÖò.
aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞ J#O`« Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·# JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
=Öò J„ãπ. W#flÖò W<£™ê# ÅѶ‘ Y∞ãπ~.ü WÅ¡Å¡r# ¿Ñ~°∞`À
P=∂#∂ = Jq∞Å∞™êûeǨu =`«"噜 aÖò ǨÏMò.ö U#∞QÆ∞Å "åiѨ@¡ h „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù ZÖÏ =º=ǨÏiOKå_À
= `«"噜aã¨û„Éò. h=Ù K«∂_» ÖË^•? PÜ«∞# "åi ‰õΩ„@#∞ ÉèQí flÆ O K≥Ü∞« ºÖË^•?
J#O`« Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·# PÜ«∞# "åiÃÑ·H˜ Ѩ‰õ∆Ωefl QÆ∞OѨÙÅ∞ QÆ∞OѨÙÅ∞QÍ Ñ¨Oáê_»∞.
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞`À Pq =∞\˜ì HÍÅÛQÍ `«Ü«∂~°~Ú# HõOHõ~° ~åà◊¡#∞ "åiÃÑ·H˜
10
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 41 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 42
qã¨i "Õã∂¨ OÎ _Õq. z=iH˜ "åi ã≤u÷ x (Ѩâ√◊ =ÙÅ∞) u<Õã#≤
á⁄@∞ì =∂kiQÍ =∂iÛ"Õâß_»∞.
3. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ Y∞Ô~·+π aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞
J~°S`«Å¡r Ü«ÚHõl˚|∞ anÌ<£. Ѷ¨*ÏeHõÅ¡r
Ü«∞^Œ∞=ÙfiÖò Ü«∞f"£∞. =ÖÏ Ü«∞ǨïA˚ JÖÏ
`« P q∞Öò q∞<£ H © < £ . Ѷ ¨ " ≥ · Å ∞e¡ Å ò =Ú㨠b ¡ < £ .
aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞ JÅ¡ r #Ǩ ï "£ ∞ J<£ ã¨ Ö ÏuÇ≤ Ï "£ ∞ ™êǨ ˙ <£
JÅ¡r#Ǩï"£∞ Ü«Ú~å=Ó<£, =Ü«∞"£∞#=Ó#Öò
eDÖÏѶ≤ Y∞Ô~·+π. DÖÏѶ≤Ç≤Ï"£∞ iÇπÏÅ`«+π +≤`å~Ú =∂=Ó<£.
=Ãã·ûѶπ. Ѷ¨ÖòÜ«∂|∞^Œ∂ ~°|ƒ Ǩ[Öò ɡ·`ü. JÅ¡r J#O`« ‰Hõ~∞° }Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥#· JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ¿Ñ~°∞`À
J`üJ=∞Ǩï"£∞q∞<£EJò, = P=∞#Ǩï"£∞ q∞<£ M∫Ѷπ.
Ѩ~Ö° ’Hõ tHõ#∆ ∞, |Ǩï=∂<åxfl u~°ã¯¨ iOKÕ =ºHÎ̃x
J#O`« Hõ~∞° }Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥#· JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ¿Ñ~°∞`À
K«∂_»O_ç, Y∞Ô~+· π „Ѩ[Å∞ ZÖÏ JÅ"å@∞ Ѩ_®¤~À! h=Ù K«∂âß"å? J`«_Õ J<å^äŒ∞Å#∞ Hõã¨i H˘>Ëì"å_»∞,
K«eHÍÅOÖ’#∂, ZO_®HÍÅOÖ’#∂ „Ѩܫ∂}ÏʼnõΩ ZÖÏ ¿Ñ^Œ"åà◊§‰õΩ J#flO ÃÑ@∞ì Jx „áÈ`«ûÇ≤ÏOK«x"å_»∞. áÈ`Õ,`«=∞
JÅ"å@∞Ѩ_®¤~À! Hõ#∞Hõ "å~°∞ D PÅÜ«∞ „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù#∞ P~åkèO #=∂AŠѨ@¡ J„â◊^Œú=Ç≤ÏOKÕ"å~°∞, „Ѩ^Œ~°≈<å |∞kú`À
Kåe. PÜ«∞# "åiH˜ PǨ~°q∞zÛ PHõeÉÏ^èŒ #∞O_ç HÍáê_®_»∞† =º=ǨÏiOKÕ"å~°∞, "å_»∞‰õΩ<Õ =∂=ÚÅ∞ =ã¨∞Î=ÙÅ#∞
âßOux „Ѩ™êkOz ÉèÜ í ∞« O#∞O_ç HÍáê_®_»∞. („Ѩ[ʼnõΩ) W=fi\ÏxH˜ "≥#∞HÍ_Õ"å~°∞ ã¨~fi° <åâ◊#=∞=Ù`å~°∞.
4. ã¨∂~°ÇÏπ =∂T<£ 5. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ H“ã¨~ü

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 43 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 44


aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞ WÖÏ „ѨH\ õ O˜ K«∞, F Jqâßfiã¨∞ÖÏ~å! g∞~°∞ P~åkèOKÕ
W<åfl P`≥·<åHõÖò H“ã¨~ü, Ѷ¨ã¨e¡ e~°aƒHõ =<£Ç¨Ï~ü "å\˜x <Õ#∞ P~åkèOK«#∞. JÖψQ <Õ#∞ P~åkèOKÕ PÜ«∞xfl
W#fl ëêxJHõ Ǩï=Öò JÉò`~« .ü g∞~°∞ P~åkèOKå~°∞. g∞~°∞ P~åkèã¨∞Î#fl "å\˜x <Õ#∞
J#O`« Hõ~∞° }Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥#· JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ¿Ñ~°∞`À
P~åkèOKÕ "å}˜H‚ Í#∞. JÖψQ <Õ#∞ P~åkèOKÕ PÜ«∞xfl g∞~°∞
(„Ѩ=HÍÎ!) "Õ∞=Ú h‰õΩ H“ã¨~#ü ∞ „Ѩ™êkOKå=Ú. Hõ#∞Hõ
P~åkèOKÕ "å~°∞ HÍ~°∞. g∞ ^è~Œ ‡° O g∞^Õ, <å ^è~Œ ‡° O <å^Õ.
h=Ù h „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù H˘~°̂H #=∂A K≥~Úº. Y∞~åƒh ‰õÄ_® W=Ùfi.
xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ h â◊„`«∞"Õ <å=∞~°∂áêÅ∞ ÖˉõΩO_® áÈÜÕ∞ 7. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ #„ãπ
"å_»∞.)
6. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ HÍѶ≤~°∂<£

aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞
W*Ï *ÏJ#ã¨∞„ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =Öò Ѷ¨`üǨï =~°S`«<åflã¨
aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞ Ü«∞^£Y∞Å∂# Ѷ‘ nxÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ JѶ"π å*Ï. Ѷ㨠a¨ ƒÇπÏ aǨÏq∞Ì
Y∞Öò Ü«∂ JܫںǨÏÖò HÍѶ≤~°∂<£, ÖÏ P|∞^Œ∞ =∂ ~°aƒHõ =ã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~üǨï W#flǨ˙ HÍ# `«"åfiÉÏ.
`å|∞^Œ∂<£. =ÖÏ JO`«∞"£∞ Pa^Œ∂# =∂P|∞^£.
=ÖÏ J# Pa^Œ∞"£∞ =∂‡J|`«∞Î"∞£ . =ÖÏ JO`«∞"£∞ J#O`« Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·#
Pa^Œ ∂ # =∂ P|∞^£ . ʼnõ Ω "£ ∞ n#∞‰õ Ω "£ ∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞`À
=eÜ«∞n<£. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ã¨Ç¨ÏÜ«∞O =zÛ#ѨC_»∞, q[Ü«∞ ÉèÏQƺO
J#O`« Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·# JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ÅaèOz#ѨC_»∞ „Ѩ[Å∞ `«O_ÀѨ `«O_®Å∞QÍ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ^è~Œ ‡° OÖ’
¿Ñ~°∞`À „Ѩ"tÕ OK«\Ïxfl h=Ù K«∂ã≤#ѨC_»∞ („Ѩ=HÍ!) h=Ù h „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù
11
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 45 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 46
™È΄`«O`À áê@∞ PÜ«∞# Ѩq„`« <å=∂xfl 㨇iOK«∞. WOHÍ JO`å ^ÕxH© ѨxH˜~å‰õΩO_® áÈ~ÚOk. z=iH˜ J`«_∞» `«Ñʨ
PÜ«∞# =∞xflOѨÙ#∞ "Õ_»∞HÀ. xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ PÜ«∞# ‰õΩO_® ÉèíQÆÉèíQÆ=∞O_Õ JyflÖ’ Ѩ_»"ÕÜ«∞|_»`å_»∞. JO`ÕHÍ^Œ∞
ѨâßÛ`åÎáêxfl ZO`«QÍ<À JOwHõiOKÕ"å_»∞. (J`«_ç`Àáê@∞) J`«_ç ÉèÏ~°º ‰õÄ_» JO^Œ∞Ö’ Ѩ_»"ÕÜ«∞
|_»`∞« Ok. P"≥∞ Kå_ôÅ∞ K≥|∞`«∂ HõÅǨÅ∞ ˆ~¿Ñ „ã‘Î. P"≥∞
8. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ ÅǨÏÉò "≥∞_»Ö’ ÉÏQÍ ¿Ñx# XHõ „`å_»∞ LO@∞Ok.
9. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ WMòÖÏãπ

aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞ aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨ ‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞


`«|ƒ`ü Ü«∞^• Jc ÅǨÏaO =fi`«Éòƒ. =∂JQ∑<å Y∞Öò Ǩï=ÖϡǨï JǨÏ^£. JÖϡǨïã¨û=∞^£.
Å"£∞Ü«∞e^£ =Å"£∞Ü«¸Å^£. =Å"£∞Ü«∞‰õΩšǨ˙
J<£Ç¨ï =∂Å∞Ǩ˙ ==∂ Hõã¨Éò. ã¨Ü«∞ãπÖÏ <å~°<£ ‰õΩѶ¨Ù=<£ JǨÏ^£.
*Ï`« ÅǨÏÉò, =„=∞J`«∞Ǩ˙ ǨÏ=∂‡Å`«Öò ǨÏ`«Éò,
J#O`« Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·#
Ѷ‘rkǨ ǨÏÉòÅ∞"£∞q∞‡=∞‡ã¨^£. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞`À
J#O`« ‰Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·# WÖÏ K≥ÃÑÊ~Úº, PÜ«∞# JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , JkfifÜ«Ú_»∞.
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞`À JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ x~°¿ÑH∆Í Ñ¨~∞° _»∞. Z=i P^è•~°=¸, Z=i JHõ¯~å
J|∂ÅǨÏÉò KÕ`∞« Å∞ qiyáÈÜ«∂~Ú! J`«_∞» ã¨~fi° ÖËx"å_»∞: JO^Œ~°∂ PÜ«∞#ÃÑ· P^è•~°Ñ¨_Õ"åˆ~. PÜ«∞#‰õΩ
<åâ◊#O J~ÚáÈÜ«∂_»∞. J`«_ç Pã≤áÎ êã¨∞Å
Î ∞, J`«_ç ã¨Oáê^Œ# 㨠O `å#O Z=~° ∂ ÖË ~ ° ∞ . PÜ« ∞ # ‰õ Ä _® Z=i
ã¨O`å#=¸HÍ^Œ∞. PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ã¨iã¨=∂#∞_»∞ Z=~°∂ ÖË~∞° .

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 47 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 48


10. ã¨∂~°ÇπÏ Ñ¶¨ÅMò aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞
Y∞Öò J=ÓA a~° a ƒ<åflãπ , =∞eH˜ < åflãπ .
WÖÏÇ≤Ï<åflãπ, q∞<£ +¨„iÖò =ãπ"åã≤Öò Y<åflãπ,
JÅ¡r Ü«Ú=ãπqã¨∞ Ѷ‘ ã¨∞^Œ∂i<åflãπ. q∞#Öò
l#flu =<åflãπ.
aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞
Y∞Öò J=ÓA a~°aƒÖò ѶŨ Mò. q∞<£+„¨ i =∂YÅMò. J#O`õHõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·#
= q∞<£ +¨„i QÍã≤d<£ W*Ï =YÉò, = +¨„i#flá¶êÊù™êu JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞`À
Ѷ≤Öò LY^£. =q∞<£ +¨„i Ǩã≤k<£ W*Ï Ç¨Ïã¨^£. WÖÏ J#∞: <Õ#∞ =∂#=ÙÅ „ѨÉèí∞=Ù. =∂#=ÙÅ
K«„Hõ=iÎ, =∂#=ÙÅ P~å^躌 ^≥=· O (J~Ú# JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ) â◊~} ° ∞
J#O`« Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»∞, Jáê~° Hõ$áêjÅ∞_≥·# HÀ~°∞ `«∞<åfl#∞ – ^Œ∞+¨ ìÉèÏ"åÅ∞ ˆ~ÔHuÎOKÕ"å_ç H©_»∞ #∞O_ç,
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞`À "å_»∞ =∂\˜=∂\˜H© =∞~°e=ã¨∂Î „Ѩ[Å =∞#ã¨∞Ö’¡ ^Œ∞+¨ì
WÖÏ J#∞: <Õ#∞ L^ŒÜ«∞O „ѨÉèí∞=Ù â◊~°}∞ HÀ~°∞ ÉèÏ"åÅ#∞ ~ˆ HÔ uΙêÎ_∞» , "å_»∞ l<åfl`«∞ *ÏuH˜ K≥Ok#"å_≥<· å
`«∞<åfl#∞– PÜ«∞# ã¨$+≤Oì z# „Ѩu^•x H©_∞» #∞O_ç, Hõ=Ú‡‰õΩ<Õ HÍ=K«∞Û ÖË^• =∂#= *ÏuH˜ K≥Ok# "å_≥<· å HÍ=K«∞Û.
pHõ\~˜ å„u H©_∞» #∞O_ç, =Ú_»∞ÅÃÑ· =∞O„uOKÕ"åi H©_∞» #∞O_ç, Y∞~üP<£ ѨiOî z# `«~åfi`« HÍ¿ãѨ٠Py âßfi㨠fã¨∞
Jã¨∂Ü«∂Ѩ~∞° _»∞ Jã¨∂Ü«∞ K≥O^Õ@ѨÊ\˜ H©_∞» #∞O_ç. H˘x =∞m§ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕÜ∂« e. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"∞£ )
11. ã¨∂~°ÇÏπ <åãπ ~°∞‰õÄ
~°∞‰õÄÖ’H˜ "≥àı§@ѨÙÊ_»∞ 'JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü— JO@∂
~°¿Ñ¶Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕÜ«∂e (KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÃÑ·ÔH`åÎe) (|∞MÏi). ~°∞‰õÄÖ’
Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å`À "≥∂HÍe zѨÊÅ#∞ QÆ\˜ìQÍ Ñ¨@∞ìHÀ"åe
(|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O). P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ KÕ`«∞Å∞ „ѨHõ¯Å‰õΩ
12
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 49 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 50
`«QÆʼnõΩO_® "å\˜x u#flQÍ LOKåe (J|∂ ^•=Ó^£).
"≥∂HÍà◊§ g∞^Œ KÕ`«∞Å „"Õà◊√§ q_çq_çQÍ LOKåe.
(J|∂^•=Ó^£) 3) ã¨∞|∂ƒÇï¨ <£ Y∞^Œ∂ãÌ ∞¨ <£ ~°|∞ƒÖò =∞ÖÏ~ÚHõu =„~∂° ÇπÏ
~°∞‰õÄÖ’ gѨÙx q∞H˜¯e u#flQÍ LOKåe. `«Å#∞ ^Œ∂`«Å =∞iÜ«Ú P`«‡ (l„|~¸Öò)Å „ѨÉèí∞"Õ
gѨÙHõO>Ë Z`«∞ÎQÍQÍx ѨšOQÍQÍx LOK«~å^Œ∞. (=Úã≤¡O) J`«ºO`« Ѩq„`«∞_»∞. Ö’áêʼnõΩ Jf`«∞_»∞. (=Úã≤O¡ )
„ѨâßO`«OQÍ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕÜ∂« e. ÖËHõáÈ`Õ #=∂*ò ã¨iQÍæ ~°∞‰õÄ ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOK«~å^Œ∞. (=Úã≤¡O)
<≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞. (=Úã≤¡O)
~°∞‰õÄÖ’x ^Œ∞PÅ∞: „H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_»∞`«∞#fl =¸_»∞ M∫=∂Ö’x ^Œ∞PÅ∞: ~°∞‰õÄ #∞Oz ÃÑ·H˜ ÖËK@ Õ Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∞ KÕ`∞« efl
^Œ∞PÖ’¡ U^Œ~Ú<å XHõ ^Œ∞P Hõhã¨O =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ ѨiOî Kåe. Éèí∞*ÏÅ ÖËHõ K≥=ÙÅ =~°‰õΩ ÃÑ·ÔH`åÎe. J#QÍ ~°¿Ñ¶ Ü«∞^≥·<£
Z‰õΩ¯=O>Ë Zxfl™ê~°∞¡ J~Ú<å ѨiOî K«=K«∞Û. J~Ú`Õ ÉËã≤ KÕÜ∂« e. u#flQÍ xÅ|_®e. `«~åfi`«
ã¨OYºÖ’ ѨiOî K«@O JaèÖ+¨}Ü © ∞« O. ''ã¨q∞JÖϡǨï e=∞<£ ǨÏq∞^ŒÇπÏ—— Jx J<åe. (JO>Ë `«##∞
1) ã¨∞ÉòǨ# ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò Jr"£∞ ã¨∞uÎ Oz#"åx ™È΄`åxfl JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ q<åfl_»∞ Jx ^•x ÉèÏ=O).
`«~åfi`« ''~°|ƒ<å = ÅHõÖò ǨÏ"£∞Ì—— („ѨÉèí∂! ™È΄`«O hˆH
<Õ # ∞ =∞Ǩ Ï Ÿ#fl`« ∞ _≥ · # <å „Ñ¨ É è í ∞ =٠Ѩ q „`« ` « # ∞ K≥Å∞¡`∞« Ok) Jx J<åe (|∞MÏs). =ÚHõnÎ J~Ú# ѨHO∆õ Ö’
H˘xÜ«∂_»∞ `«∞<åfl#∞. (J|∂^•=Ó^£)
''~°|ƒ<å = ÅHõÖò ǨÏ"£∞Ì Ç¨Ï"£∞^Œ<£ Hõã~‘ <° £ `«~Úº|<£ =ÚÉÏ~°H<õ £
Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï—— Jx J<åe. (|∞MÏi)
2) ã¨∞ÉòǨ#HõÖϡǨï=∞‡ ~°|ƒ<å =aǨÏq∞ÌHõ JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb
F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! h=٠Ѩq„`«∞_»=Ù. =∂ „ѨÉèí∂! "Õ∞=Ú x#∞fl
ã¨∞Îuã¨∞Î<åflO. F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! ##∞fl Hõ∆q∞OK«∞. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤¡O)

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 51 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 52

ã¨*ÏÌ QÆ∞iOz ã¨*ÏÌÖ’H˜ "≥à§ı @ѨÙÊ_»∞ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ KÕ`∞« Å∞ <ÕÅ g∞^Œ


PxOKåe. `«~åfi`« "≥∂HÍà◊√§ PxOKåe. z=~°QÍ =Ú‰õΩ¯,
M∫=∂ ^Œ∞PÅ∞ ѨiOî z# `«~åfi`« 'JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü— #∞^Œ∞~°∞ <ÕʼnõΩ PxOKåe. (Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ=· ∂, J|∂^•=Ó^£).
JO@∂ ã¨*ÏÌ HÀã¨O =OQÍe. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ ) ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ U_»∞ J=Ü«∞"åÅ∞ <ÕʼnõΩ P#@O qkè.
ã¨*ÏÌÖ’x ^Œ∞PÅ∞: „H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_»∞`«∞#fl =¸_»∞ ^Œ∞PÖ’¡ [ÖÏû
U^Œ~Ú<å XHõ ^Œ∞P Hõhã¨O =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ ѨiîOKåe.
Z‰õΩ¯=O>Ë Zxfl™ê~°∞¡ J~Ú<å ѨiOî K«=K«∞Û. J~Ú`Õ ÉËã≤ `«~åfi`« ã¨*ÏÌ #∞Oz 'JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü— JO@∂ `«Å
ã¨OYºÖ’ ѨiOî K«@O JaèÖ+¨}Ü © ∞« O. ÃÑ·HÔ `åÎe. Z_»=∞ HÍÅ∞x <ÕÅg∞^Œ Ѩ~z ° ^•xg∞^Œ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ
"åe. ‰õΩ_ç‰HÍex xeÑ≤ LOKåe. HÍà◊§ „"Õà√◊ § dÉÏ¡ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #
1. ã¨∞ÉòǨ# ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò PÖÏ—— LO_®e. ‰õΩ_çK~≥ Úº ‰õΩ_ç `˘_» g∞^Œ, Z_»=∞ KÕ~Ú Z_»=∞
(=∞Ǩϟ#fl`«∞_≥#· <å JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ѩiâ◊√^Œ∞_ú ∞» ) (#ã¨~Ú, ui‡r) `˘_»g∞^Œ LO_®e. „"Õà√◊ § dÉÏ¡ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ "≥∂HÍà◊§ ^ŒQ~æÆ ° LO_®e.
(J|∂^•=Ó^£, =Úã≤¡O)
2) ã¨∞ÉòÇ¨ #HõÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ ~°|ƒ<å =aǨÏq∞ÌHõ JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡Q∑ Ѷ~≤ bü [ÖÏûÖ’ „Ѩu J=Ü«∞=O ^•x ™ê÷#OÖ’H˜ =KÕÛ^•HÍ
F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! h=٠Ѩq„`«∞_»=Ù. =∂ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! "Õ∞=Ú x#∞fl „ѨâßO`«OQÍ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx D ^Œ∞P ѨiOî Kåe:
ã¨∞Îuã¨∞Î<åflO. F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! ##∞fl Hõ∆q∞OK«∞. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤¡O)
''JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑Ѷ≤s¡ =~üǨÏ"£∞h =ÇπÏnh = PѶ≤h
3) ã¨∞|∂ƒÇ¨ï<£ Y∞^Œ∂Ìã¨∞<£ ~°|∞ƒÖò =∞ÖÏ~ÚHõu =„~°∂ÇπÏ =~üAMòh.——
^Œ∂`«Å =∞iÜ«Ú P`«‡ (l„|~¸Öò)Å JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ J`«ºO`« F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! ##∞fl Hõ∆q∞OK«∞. <åg∞^Œ ^ŒÜ«∞EѨÙ.
Ѩq„`«∞_»∞. Ö’áêʼnõΩ Jf`«∞_»∞. ##∞fl ã¨<å‡~åæ# #_çÑO≤ K«∞. ##∞fl Hˆ =∆ ∞OQÍ LOK«∞. <å‰õΩ
(=Úã≤O¡ , J|∂ ^•=Ó^£–872) Láêkè<˘ã¨QÆ∞. (J|∂^•=Ó^£)
13
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 53 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 54
QÆ=∞xHõ: ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) QÍi ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌ, M∫=∞ ã¨∂~å `«~åfi`« =∞ˆ~ ^Œ~Ú<å ã¨∂~å ÖËHõ Hõhã¨O H˘xfl
=∞iÜ«Ú ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^躌 [ÖÏû ^•^•Ñ¨Ù Jhfl ã¨=∂#OQÍ PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ ѨiîOKåe. P `«~åfi`« ~°¿Ñ¶ Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕã¨∂Î ~°∞‰õÄ
LO_Õq. (|∞MÏi) KÕÜ«∂e. P `«~åfi`« ~°¿Ñ¶ Ü«∞^≥·<£, P `«~åfi`« M∫=∞, P
~Ô O_»= ã¨*ÏÌ: [ÖÏû #∞Oz 'JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü— JO@∂
~Ô O_»= ã¨*ÏÌÖ’H˜ "≥o§áÈ"åe. `˘e ã¨*ÏÌ =∂kiQÍ ~Ô O_»= `«~åfi`« "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ =∂kiQÍ ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞.
ã¨*ÏÌ#∞ ‰õÄ_® „ѨâßO`«OQÍ KÕÜ∂« e. WO^Œ∞Ö’ ‰õÄ_® "≥Ú^Œ\˜ "≥Ú^Œ\˜ MÏ~Ú^•, `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£: Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’x
ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ KÕã#≤ ^Œ∞PÖË KÕÜ∂« e. Ô~O_»= ã¨*ÏÌ `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^茺 ‰õÄ~°∞Û<Õ q^èŒOQÍ
[ÖÏûÜ≥∞ Wã≤Î~åǨÏ`ü: ~Ô O_»= ã¨*ÏÌ #∞Oz JÖÏ¡Çï¨ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ"åe. J#QÍ Z_»=∞ áê^ŒO Ѩiz ^•x g∞^Œ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ"åe.
JHõƒ~ü JO@∂ `«ÅÃÑ·ÔH`åÎe. [ÖÏûÖ’ (J#QÍ Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ ‰õΩ_çHÍÅ∞ xeÑ≤ LOKåe. P `«~åfi`« ‰õΩ_ç K≥~Úº ‰õΩ_ç
=∞^茺 ‰õÄ~°∞Û#fl) =∂kiQÍ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ"åe. nx<Õ [ÅûÜ≥∞ `˘_»g∞^Œ, Z_»=∞ K≥~Úº Z_»=∞ `˘_» g∞^Œ "≥∂HÍà◊§ ^ŒQ~æÆ °
Wã≤~Î åǨÏ`ü Jx JO\Ï~°∞. D [ÖÏûÖ’ ZÖÏO\˜ ^Œ∞PÅ∞ LOKåe. ‰õΩ_çKuÕ „"Õà§◊ xflO\˜x =Ú_»∞K«∞HÀ"åe. K«∂ѨÙ_»∞
ÖË=Ù. [ÅûÜ≥∞ Wã≤~Î åǨÏ`ü KÕÜ∞« @O =∞ã¨∂fl<£. (|∞MÏi) „"Õex =∂„`«O |Ü«∞\˜H˜ fã≤ ^•xfl dÉÏ¡"Ñ·≥ Ù¨ ÃÑ·H˜ ÖËáêe
WHõ¯_ç =~°‰Ωõ (JÖòÇϨ =ÚÌ eÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ) #=∂AÖ’x (=Úã≤¡O). ÉÁ@# „"ÕÅ∞ =∞^茺„"ÕeH˜ `«yeOKåe. P
XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞ =∞ã¨∂fl<£ Ѩ^uúŒ „ѨHÍ~°O J~ÚáÈ~ÚOk. ~Ô O_çO\˜x XHõ =ÅÜ«∞OÖÏQÍ U~°Ê~°K∞« HÀ"åe. `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£
ѨiîOKåe. `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ Ѩiîã¨∂Î L#flѨÙÊ_»∞ K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õex
Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞: [ÅûÜ≥∞ Wã≤Î~åǨÏ`ü #∞Oz Ô~O_»=
~°HÍ`«∞ HÀã¨O ÃÑ·H˜ ÖËKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å∞ <ÕʼnõΩ PxOz "å\˜ Hõkeã¨∂Î LO_®e. (J|∂^•=Ó^£)
P^è•~°OQÍ<Õ ÖËz xOKÀ"åe (|∞MÏi). u#flQÍ xÅ|_ç D „"Õe HõkeOѨ٠Ã+·`å<£ áêe@ HõuÎ ÖËHõ D>ˇ
"≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞ ÖÏQÍ<Õ Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞ KÕÜ«∂e. HÍx á⁄_»∞Ѩ٠HõO>Ë f„=OQÍ LO@∞Ok. K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"ÕÅ∞ HÍãÎ̈O`«
WO^Œ∞Ö’ „áê~°OÉèí ^Œ∞P KÕÜ«∞‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å =Oy LO_®e (J|∂ ^•=Ó^£). Ãã·QÆ KÕ¿ã@ѨÙÊ_»∞ ^Œ$+≤ì
K«^=Œ @O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ\Ïìe (=Úã≤O¡ , J|∂ J"å<å). á¶êuǨ „"Õeg∞^Œ LO_®e. (=Úã≤¡O)

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 55 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 56

`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂*ò J~Ú`Õ, J#QÍ WHõ¯_ç`À


#=∂*ò P¿Ñã≤ ã¨ÖÏO KÕÜ∞« ^Œe¿ãÎ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ `«~åfi`« ^Œ~∂° ^£
ѨiîOKåe.
^Œ~°∂^£

J`«ÎÇ≤ÏÜ«∂º`«∞ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =ã¨ûÖ"å`«∞ =`«Î~ÚºÉÏ`«∞


Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·Hõ JܫںǨÏ#flaÜ«Úº = ~°ÇϨ ‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤
= |~° H Í`« ∞ Ǩ ˙ J㨠û ÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ · <å = JÖÏ JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ ã¨e¡ JÖÏ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ = JÖÏ Pe
WÉÏkÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ ™êûeÇ‘Ï<£ J+πÇϨ ^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡Çï¨ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ Hõ=∂ ã¨Öˇ·¡`« JÖÏ W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ = JÖÏ
= J+π Ç ¨ Ï ^Œ ∞ J#fl =ÚǨ Ï =∞‡^Œ < £ J|∞Ì Ç ¨ ˙ =
~°ã¨∂Å∞Ǩ˙ (=Úã≤¡O) Pe W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ W#flHõ ǨÏg∞^Œ∞"£∞ =∞r^£.
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ ÉÏiH± JÖÏ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ = JÖÏ Pe
â◊√Éè„í Ѩ^"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ ^ÕÇϨ Ѩ~"° ∞≥ #ÿ , ^è#Œ Ѩ~"° ∞≥ #ÿ P~å^è#Œ Åhfl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ Hõ=∂ ÉÏ~°H±`« JÖÏ W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ = JÖÏ
JÖÏ¡ÇπψH K≥Å∞¡`å~Ú. F „Ѩ=HÍÎ! g∞‰õΩ âßOu HõÅ∞QÆ∞QÍHõ! Pe W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ W#flHõ ǨÏg∞^Œ∞"£∞=∞r^£ (|∞MÏs)
g∞‰õΩ ^Õ=Ùx HÍ~°∞}ºO, PÜ«∞# â◊√ÉèÏÅ∞ „áêѨÎ=∞=ÙQÍHõ!
=∂‰õ Ä WOHÍ ã¨ ^ •Kå~° 㨠O Ѩ # ∞flÖˇ · # ^•ã¨ ∞ ÅO^Œ i H© F JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! W„ÉÏÇ‘ÏO (JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï)ÃÑ· PÜ«∞# PѨÙÎÅÃÑ·,
âßOuHõÅ∞æQÍHõ! JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«Ñ¨Ê "Õ~˘Hõ P~å^èŒ∞º_»∞ ÖË_»x <Õ#∞ ã¨O|Onè‰Ωõ ÅÃÑ· h=Ù ZÖÏ HÍ~°∞}ºO ‰õΩiÑ≤OKå"À JÖψQ
™êHõ∆ºq∞ã¨∞Î<åfl#∞. =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨Å¡O) ^Õ=Ùx ^•ã¨∞_»∞ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨ÅO¡ )ÃÑ·, PÜ«∞# PѨÙÅ Î ÃÑ· PÜ«∞# ã¨O|Onè
=∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=HõÎ Jx ‰õÄ_® <Õ#∞ ™êHõº∆ q∞ã¨∞<Î åfl#∞. ‰õΩÅÃÑ· ‰õÄ_® HÍ~°∞}ºO ‰õΩiÑ≤OK«∞. xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ h=Ù ã¨∞uÎ OѨ
(=Úã≤¡O) ^Œy#"å_»=Ù. Q˘Ñ¨Ê =∞ǨÏ`«∞QÎ Å
Æ "å_»=Ù. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! W„ÉÏÇ‘ÏO
14
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 57 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 58
(JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï)‰õΩ, PÜ«∞# PѨÙÎʼnõΩ, ã¨O|Onè‰õΩʼnõΩ U q^èŒOQÍ
â◊√ÉèÏÅ∞ „Ѩ™êkOKå"À JÖψQ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ (ã¨ÅO¡ )‰õΩ, PÜ«∞#
PѨÙÅÎ ‰õΩ, PÜ«∞# ã¨O|Onè‰Ωõ ʼnõΩ ‰õÄ_® â◊√ÉèÏÅ∞ „Ѩ™êkOK«∞.
xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ h=Ù ã¨∞ÎuOѨ ^Œy#"å_»=Ù, Q˘Ñ¨Ê =∞ǨÏ`«∞Î
QÆÅ"å_»=Ù. (|∞MÏs) ''JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞<£ J*ÏaÖò Y„a
= J=ÓA aHõ q∞<£ Ѷ≤`ü#uÖò =∞ã‘Ç≤Ï^ŒÌ*Ï˚e =
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) ^Œ~°∂^£ +¨sѶπ `«~åfi`« ã¨ÖÏO‰õΩ
J=ÓA aHõ q∞<£ Ѷ≤`ü#uÖò =∞ÇπÏÜ«∂ = Ѷ≤`ü#uÖò
=ÚO^Œ∞ KåÖÏ ^Œ∞PÅ∞ J`«ºkèHOõ QÍ Ñ¨iãî ∂¨ Î LO_Õ"å~°∞. =∞=∂u JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#Öò
=¸_»∞ ^Œ∞PÅ∞ WHõ¯_» ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_»∞`«∞<åfl~Ú: =∂ã¨q∞ =Öò =∞Q∑~q° ∞.——
F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! <Õ#∞ h â◊~}
° ∞ "Õ_∞» ‰õΩO@∞<åfl#∞-ã¨=∂kè
tHõ∆ #∞Oz, =∞ã‘Çï¨ ^Œ*Ì Ï˚Öò LѨ„^Œ=O #∞Oz, r=#‡~°}ÏÅ
''JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ Whfl [Å"£∞`«∞ #Ѷãπ ‘ AÖò=∞<£ Hõã~‘ <° £ LѨ„^Œ=O #∞Oz. F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! áêѨO,~°∞}O #∞Oz ‰õÄ_®
=ÖÏ Ü«∞Q∑Ñ~≤¶ ∞° A˚#∂| WÖÏ¡JO`« ѶQ¨ Ñ∑ s≤¶ ¡ =∞Q∑Ñ~≤¶ `° "« ∞£ <Õ#∞ h â◊~}
° ∞ "Õ_∞» ‰õΩO@∞<åfl#∞. (|∞MÏi,=Úã≤O¡ )
q∞<£ WOkHõ =~ü Ç ¨ Ï "£ ∞ h W#flHõ JO`« Ö ò
QÆѶ¨Ó~°∞„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞.——
F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! <Õ#∞ <å P`«‡‰õΩ KåÖÏ J<åºÜ«∞O KÕã∞¨
‰õΩ<åfl#∞. h=Ù `«Ñʨ áêáêÅ#∞ Hõq∆ ∞OKÕ"å_»∞ =∞Ô~=_»∂ ÖË_∞» .
h=Ù h „Ѩ`ÕºHõ Hõ∆=∞`À ##∞fl Hõ∆q∞OK«∞. xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ h"Õ ''JÖÏ¡ Ç ¨ ï =∞‡ Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞<£ J*Ïa
Jq∞`« Hõ=∆ ∂jeq. J`«ºO`« ^ŒÜ∂« =∞Ü«Ú_çq. [ǨÏ#fl=∞, = q∞<£ J*ÏaÖò Y„a, = q∞<£ Ѷ≤`ü#uÖò

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 59 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 60


=∞ÇπÏÜ«∂ =Öò =∞=∂u,= q∞<£ +¨„i Ѷ≤`ü#uÖò W`«~° ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. P `«~åfi`« "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
=∞ã‘Ç≤Ï^ŒÌ*Ï˚e.—— =∂kiQÍ<Õ ~°∞‰õÄ, M∫=∞, ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ KÕÜ∂« e. ~°∞‰õÄÖ’,
M∫=∂Ö’, ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡ "å\˜ =∞^躌 [ÖÏûÖ’ ‰õÄ_® "≥Ú^Œ\˜
F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! <Õ#∞ h â◊~} ° ∞ "Õ_∞» ‰õΩO@∞<åfl#∞- #~°Hõ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ q=iOK«|_ç# ^Œ∞PÖË Ñ¨iOî Kåe. =∞Q∑iÉò #=∂A
tHõ∆ #∞Oz, ã¨=∂kè tHõ∆ #∞Oz, r=#‡~°}ÏÅ LѨ„^Œ=O J~Ú# ѨHO∆õ Ö’ =¸_»= ~°HÍ`ü `«~åfi`« z=i MÏ~Ú^•Ö’
#∞Oz, =∞ã‘Çï¨ ^Œ*Ì Ï˚Öò LѨ„^Œ=O #∞Oz. `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£, ^Œ~°∂^£, =∞ã¨∂fl<£ ^Œ∞PÅ∞ ѨiîOz ã¨ÖÏO KÕã≤
=∞ixfl ^Œ∞PÅ H˘~°‰õΩ ÃÑ^ŒÌ ѨÙãÎ̈HÍÅ#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK« #=∂A =ÚyOKåe. HÍx J^Õ A„ÇπÏ, J„ãπ, Wëê #=∂A
QÆÅ~°∞. Å~Ú`Õ =¸_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’x [ÅûÜ≥∞ Wã≤Î~åǨÏ`ü `«~åfi`«
ÃÑ·# ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_ç# =∂ã¨∂~ü ^Œ∞PÅ∞ ѨiOî z# `«~åfi`« ÖËz xOK˘x ~˘=Ú‡ g∞^Œ KÕ`∞« Å∞ Hõ@∞ìH˘x Hˆ =ÅO ã¨∂~Ô
"≥∞_»#∞ ‰õΩ_ç"≥·Ñ¨Ù ѨÓiÎQÍ „uÑ≤Ê 'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·‰õΩ"£∞ = á¶êuǨ ѨiîOKåe. `«~åfi`« ~°∞‰õÄ,M∫=∞, Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞
~°Ç¨Ï‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ— J<åe. `«~åfi`« "≥∞_»#∞ Z_»=∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù ѨÓiÎQÍ KÕÜ∂« e. "å\˜Ö’ ‰õÄ_® WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOK«|_ç#
„uÑ≤Ê 'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ‰· Ωõ "£∞ =~°ÇϨ ‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ — Jx J<åe. ^Œ ∞ PÖË Ñ¨ i î O Kåe. P q^è Œ O QÍ <åÅæ = ~° H Í`« ∞ Ѩ Ó iÎ
(J|∂^•=Ó^£) KÕã¨∞HÀ"åe.
=¸_»∞, <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞: =∞„yÉò ÖÏO\˜ =¸_»∞ Ô~O_»= ÖËHõ z=i MÏ~Ú^• `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£: Ô~O_»=
~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂A ÖËHõ A„ÇπÏ, J„ãπ, Wëê =O\˜ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ MÏ~Ú^• `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£Ö’ ‰õΩ_çáê^ŒO xeÑ≤ LOKåe. Z_»=∞
~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂A J~Ú# ѨHõ∆OÖ’ "≥Ú^Œ\˜ MÏ~Ú^•Ö’ áê^•xfl ‰õΩ_çHÍe Ñ≤Hõ¯ „H˜Ok #∞Oz ‰õΩ_ç"≥·Ñ¨Ù |Ü«∞\˜H˜
`«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ (J`«ÇÎ Ï≤ Ü«∂º`ü) ѨiOî z# `«~åfi`« =¸_À ~°HÍ`«∞ fÜ«∂e. Z_»=∞ Ñ≤~∞° ^Œ∞#∞ <ÕʼnõΩ PxOz ‰õÄ~ÀÛ"åe. D
HÀã¨O ÖËz#ѨÙÊ_»∞ KÕ`∞« efl <ÕʼnõΩ PxOz "å\˜ P^è•~°OQÍ q^èOŒ QÍ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=\Ïxfl '`«=„~°∞H±— Jx JO\Ï~°∞ (|∞MÏi).
ÖËz xOKÀ"åe (|∞MÏi). x\Ï~°∞QÍ xOK˘x JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü z=i `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£Ö’ ''`«=„~°∞H±—— KÕÜ∞« @O L`«=Î ∞O.
Jx K≥ÑÊ≤ ~°¿Ñ¶Ü∞« ^≥<· £ KÕÜ∂« e. ~˘=Ú‡ g∞^Œ KÕ`∞« Å∞ Hõ@∞ìH˘x (|∞MÏi)
aã≤‡ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =∞iÜ«Ú Hˆ =ÅO á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî Kåe. =∞ˆ~ D z=i MÏ~Ú^•Ö’ ‰õÄ_® ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂A
15
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 61 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 62
MÏ~Ú^•Ö’ K«k"Õ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£, ^Œ~°∂^£, =∞ã¨∂fl<£ ^Œ∞PÅ∞ „ѨÉ∂íè ! x#∞fl ^蕺xOKÕ, h‰õΩ Hõ$`«[`˝ Å
« ∞ `≥Å∞ѨىõΩ<Õ,
ѨiOî Kåe. P `«~åfi`« ã¨ÖÏO KÕã≤ #=∂A =ÚyOKåe. J`«∞º`«=Î ∞ suÖ’ x#∞fl P~åkèOKÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ <å‰õΩ ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞Ѩ_∞» .
(#™ê~Ú,J|∂^•=Ó^£)
#=∂*ò J#O`«~O° KÕã¿ l„Hű ∞
ã¨ÖÏO `«~åfi`« l„H±Å∞: ã¨ÖÏO KÕã#≤ `«~åfi`« W=∂"£∞,
=ÚHõÎn, XO@iQÍ #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î Z=Ô~·<å XHõ™êi
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— Jx aQÆæ~°QÍ Ñ¨ÅHÍe (|∞MÏi). `«~åfi`«
=¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ ''Jã¨QÎ Ñ∑ ~≤¶ ∞° ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ —— Jx K≥ÑÊ≤ ^≥"· åxfl Hõ=∆ ∂Ѩ}Å∞
"Õ_∞» HÀ"åe. `«~åfi`« D ^Œ∞PÅ∞ ѨiOî Kåe: 3) ''ÖÏ ~ÚÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡Çï¨ =ÇπÏ^ŒÇ˙
¨ ÖÏ +¨sHõ ÅǨ˙
ÅǨïÖò =ÚÅ∞¯ =ÅǨïÖò ǨÏ=ÚÌ =Ǩï= JÖÏ ‰õΩe¡
Ã+·~Ú<£ Yn~ü. JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ ÖÏ =∂xJ e=∂ P`≥·`«
1) '' JÖϡǨï=∞‡ J<£`«ã¨ûÖÏ=Ú = q∞<£Hõã¨ûÖÏ=Ú =ÖÏ =¸uÜ«∞ e=∂ =∞<å`« =ÖÏ Ü«∞<£Ñ=¨¶ Ù [Öò
`«ÉÏ~°HõÎ Ü«∂ [Öò [ÖÏe =Öò W„HÍ"£∞.—— [kÌ q∞<£HõÖò [^Œ∞Ì.——
F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! h=Ù âßO`«=¸iÎq. âßOu h ^•fi~å<Õ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«Ñ¨Ê "Õ~˘Hõ P~å^èŒ∞º_»∞ ÖË_»∞. PÜ«∞#
„áêÑÎ̈=∞=Ù`«∞Ok. F =∞Ǩϟ#fl`«∞_®! =∞Ç≤Ï=∂xfi`«∞_®! h=Ù XHõ¯_Õ. PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=ÚÖˇ=~°∂ ÖË~°∞. qâ◊fi™ê~°fi
â◊√Éèí=O`«∞_»=Ù. (=Úã≤¡O) Éè∫=∂kèHÍ~°O PÜ«∞#^Õ. ™È΄`åÅhfl PÜ«∞#ˆH K≥Å∞¡`å~Ú.
PÜ«∞# „Ѩu =ã¨∞=Î Ù g∞^Œ JkèHÍ~°O HõeLæ <åfl_»∞. ^Õ"å!
h=Ù W=fi^ŒÅK«∞ ‰õΩ#fl ^•xfl Z=~°∂ PѨÖË~°∞. h=Ù
2) ''~°aƒ J~Úhfl JÖÏ l„H˜Hõ +¨µ„H˜Hõ = Ǩïã≤fl „Ѩ™êkOK«x ^•xfl =∞Ô~ =~°∂ „Ѩ™êkOK«Ö~Ë ∞° . ^è#Œ =O`«∞x
WÉÏ^ŒuHõ——

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 63 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 64


^è#Œ O J`«xfl h tHõ∆ #∞O_ç HÍáê_»*ÏÅ^Œ∞. (|∞MÏs-=Úã≤O¡ ) PÜ«∞`«∞Öò ‰õΩsû
QÆ=∞xHõ: `«ãƒ‘ ÇπÏ, `«ÇÏπ g∞^£, `«Hƒ© ~ü "≥Ú^ŒÅQÆ∞ "å\˜x
‰õΩ_çKuÕ „"Õà§◊ `À ÖˇH¯õ ÃÑ\Ïìe (J|∂^•=Ó^£). ™ê^è•~°}OQÍ
`«ãƒ‘ ÇπÏÅ HÀã¨O LѨÜ∂≥ yOKÕ =∂ÅÅ∞ ã¨∞#fl`ü q^è•<åxH˜
q~°∞^Œú"≥∞ÿ#q. Hõ#∞Hõ g\˜H˜ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ LO_®e.
4) ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ „ѨɒkèOKå~°∞: „Ѩu
#=∂A `«~åfi`« 33 ™ê~°∞¡ ã¨∞ÉòÇ¨ #ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , 33™ê~°∞¡ JÖòÇϨ "£∞^Œ∞
eÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, 33™ê~°∞¡ JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, P `«~°∞"å`« XHõ™êi ''JÖÏ¡ Ç ¨ ï ÖÏ WÖÏǨ Ï WÖÏ¡ Ç ¨ ï =Öò Ǩ Ï Ü« Ú ºÖò
ÖÏWÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡Çï¨ =ÇπÏ^ŒÇ˙¨ ÖÏ +¨iHõ ÅǨ˙..... Z=~°~Ú`Õ YÜ«¸º"£∞ ÖÏ `åY∞AǨ˙ ã≤#`«∞<£ =ÖÏ <Ò"£∞. ÅǨ˙
Ѩiî™êÎ~À "åi áêáêÅ∞ ã¨=Ú„^ŒÑ¨Ù #∞~°∞QÆ∞‰õΩ ã¨=∂#OQÍ =∂Ѷã≤ û¨ =∂"åu ==∂ ѶÖ≤ ò Ji˚. =∞<£[Å¡r Ü«∞+πÑ=¨¶ Ù
L<åfl㨈~ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "å@xflO\˜x Hõ∆q∞™êÎ_»∞. (=Úã≤¡O) WO^ŒÇ¨˙ WÖÏ¡ a~Ú*òxÇ‘Ï. Ü«∂Å=Ú =∂ ɡ·#
SnÇ≤Ï"£∞ ==∂ YÖòѶ¨Ç¨ï"£∞. =ÖÏ Ü«ÚÇ‘Ï`«∂#
5) PÜ«∞`«∞Öò ‰õΩsû K«^Œ"åe. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë „Ѩu aÃ+·~Ú"£∞ q∞<£ We‡Ç‘Ï WÖÏ¡ a=∂ëêJ. =ã≤J
#=∂A `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞`«∞Öò ‰õΩsû ѨiîOKÕ"å}˜‚ =∞$`«∞º=Ù ‰õΩiûÜ«Úº Ǩïã¨û=∂ "åu =Öò Ji˚ =ÖÏ Ü«∞=Ó^Œ∞Ǩ˙
`«Ñ¨Ê =∞ˆ~n ã¨fi~°æOÖ’H˜ „Ѩ"ÕtOK«‰õΩO_® J_»∞¤HÀ*ÏÅ^Œx Ç≤ÏѶπAǨï=∂. =Ǩï=Öò JeÜ«ÚºÖò Jr"£∞.——
ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’¡ K≥ѨÊ|_çOk. (#™ê~Ú) JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ –PÜ«∞# `«Ñʨ "Õ~˘Hõ P~å^躌 ^Õ=Ù_»∞ Z=fi_»∂
ÖË_»∞. ã¨HõÅ K«~åK«~° ã¨$+≤ìH˜ =¸ÖÏ^è•~°O J~Ú# PÜ«∞#
ã¨r=Ù_»∞, x`«∞º_»∞, J#O`«∞_»∞. PÜ«∞# x^Œ∞~°áÈ_»∞,
16
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 65 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 66
PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ‰õΩ#∞‰õΩ ‰õÄ_® ~å^Œ∞. Éè∂í =∂ºHÍâßÅÖ’ L#fl ã¨Ç˙
¨ ã¨*ÏÌ
ã¨=∞ã¨=Î ¸ PÜ«∞#^Õ. PÜ«∞# ã¨=Ú‡YOÖ’ PÜ«∞# J#∞[˝
#=∂AÖ’ ^ÕxQÆ∞iOK«~Ú<å ã¨O^ÕǨÏO Hõey`Õ
ÖˉõΩO_® ã≤á¶ê~°ã¨∞ KÕÜ«∞QÆÅ"å_≥=fi_»∞? „Ѩ[Å =ÚO^Œ∞
L#fl ^•xh PÜ«∞# Z~°∞QÆ∞#∞. "åiH˜ QÆ∞ѨÎOQÍ L#fln =ÚO^Œ∞ QÆ∞~°∞Î`≥K«∞ÛHÀ=\ÏxH˜ „Ѩܫ∞uflOKåe. #=∞‡HõO
PÜ«∞#‰õΩ `≥Å∞ã¨∞. PÜ«∞# ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ `≥eÜ«∞*ˇÜ∂« ºÅx Z@∞"≥Ñ· Ù¨ "≥ÚQÆ∞`æ ∞« O^À ^•x „ѨHÍ~°"∞Õ q∞QÆ`å #=∂A#∞
Jaè Å +≤ ¿ ãÎ `« Ñ ¨ Ê PÜ« ∞ #‰õ Ω #fl *Ï˝ # qâı ë êÅÖ’x U ѨÓiÎ KÕã∞¨ HÀx, ã¨Ç˙ ¨ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe. ^Õx g∞^• #=∞‡HõO
q+¨Ü∞« =¸ "åi („Ѩ[Å) „QÆÇϨ } ѨikèÖ’H˜ ~å^Œ∞. PÜ«∞# ‰õΩ^Œ~°Hõ áÈ`Õ `«‰õΩ¯= ã¨OYº g∞^Œ #=∞‡HõO`À q∞QÆ`å
~å*Ϻkè HÍ~°O PHÍâßÅ#∂, Éè∂í q∞h Ѩi"Õ+Oª≤ z L#flk. #=∂A#∞ ѨÓiÎKãÕ ∞¨ H˘x ã¨Ç˙ ¨ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe.
"å\˜ ã¨O~°H} ∆õ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ZO`« =∂„`«O JÅã¨@ HõeyOK«^∞Œ .
PÜ«∞# =∂„`«"∞Õ ã¨~åfik ‰è Ωõ _»∞, ã¨~Àfi`«=Î Ú_»∂#∞. KÕÜ«∞=Åã≤# ~°HÍ`«∞Å HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯= ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞
(Y∞~üP<£ 2 : 255) KÕã<≤ å ‰õÄ_® #=∂*ò =ÚyOKÕ =ÚO^Œ∞ J^Œ#OQÍ ~Ô O_»∞
D H˘xfl l„H±ÖË H͉õΩO_® Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂AÅ `«~åfi`« ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ KÕã≤ ã¨ÖÏO KÕÜ∂« e (=Úã≤O¡ ). ã¨ÖÏO KÕã#≤ `«~åfi`«
K«^∞Œ =|_Õ WOHÍ KåÖÏ l„H±Å∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å x~°∂Ñ≤`« #=∂AÖ’ XHõ\˜ ÖËHõ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ `«QÍæÜ∞« x J#∞=∂#
=∞~Ú L<åfl~Ú. "≥Ú¿ãÎ =∞izáÈ~Ú# ~°HÍ`«∞ ÖËHõ ~°HÍ`«∞Å#∞ ѨÓiÎKãÕ ≤ P
QÆ=∞xHõ: Ѷ~¨ ˚ü #=∂*ò `«~åfi`« ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ #~Ú<å, `«~åfi`« ã¨Ç¨˙ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ«∂e. XHõ"Õà◊ Z‰õΩ¯= ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞
=ºHÎ̃Q`Æ O« QÍ #~Ú<å `«Ñʨ xã¨iQÍ KÕ`∞« ÖˇuÎ ^Œ∞P KÕÜ∂« Å#fl KÕã#≤ @¡~Ú`Õ Hˆ =ÅO dÉÏ¡ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ uiy ã¨Ç˙ ¨ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕã≤ ã¨ÖÏO
^•xH˜ ǨÏnã¨∞ ^•fi~å ~°∞A=Ù ÅaèOK«^∞Œ . „uÑ≤Ê #=∂A =ÚyOKåe (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ , J|∂^•=Ó^£).
„Ѩu #=∂*ò `«~åfi`« ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ ^Œ∞P KÕÜ∞« @O XHõ"àÕ ◊ "≥Ú^Œ\˜ MÏ~Ú^•Ö’ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ =∞izáÈ~Ú<å ‰õÄ_®
a^£J^£. q=~åÅ HÀã¨O ™êeÇπÏ á¶œ*Ï<£ QÍi 'a^£J`ü— ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ ã¨Ç˙
¨ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ãÎ ã¨iáÈ`«∞Ok. (|∞MÏi)
31= ¿Ñr K«∂_»O_ç.

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 67 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 68


`«ÇϨ A˚^,£ dÜ«∂=ÚÖˇÖ¡· ò ÖËHõ `«~ågÇπÏ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ `«~ågÇπÏ 3 ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ q„`ü "≥Ú`«OÎ HõeÑ≤ Ѩ^HŒ ˘O_»∞
`«ÇϨ A˚^,£ dÜ«∂=ÚÖˇÖ¡· ,ò `«~ågÇπÏ D =¸_»∂ XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ #=∂A KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞.
#=∂A‰õΩ QÆÅ =¸_»∞ ¿Ñ~°∞.¡ Wëê `«~åfi`« #∞Oz LëÈ^ŒÜ∂« (Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ=· ∂, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£)
xH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞ =~°‰Ωõ ZѨC_≥<· å D #=∂A KÕã∞¨ HÀ=K«∞Û. HÍx Ǩτ[`ü ™ê~ÚÉò a<£ Ü«∞r^£ (~°l) Hõ^#Œä O: Ǩτ[`ü
`«~ågÇπÏ ÖËHõ `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂A#∞ ~å„u z=i ÉèÏQÆOÖ’ L=∞~ü (~°l) „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ Ѩ^ŒH˘O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å `«~ågÇπÏ
KÕÜ∞« @O L`«=Î ∞O. (dÜ«∂"≥∞ ~°=∞*Ï<£) KÕÜ∞« OK«=∞x Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò =∞iÜ«Ú
^≥=· „Ѩ=Hõ (Î ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«~ågÇπÏ #=∂A q„`ü`À HõeÑ≤ `«g∞"£∞ ^•i (~°l) Å#∞ P^ÕtOKå~°∞.
Ѩ^ŒH˘O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯= KÕã≤#@∞¡ P^è•~åÅ∞ ÖË=Ù. (=ÚJ`åÎ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±)
qâßfiã¨∞Å <åÜ«∞‰õΩÅ∞ Ǩτ[`ü L=∞~ü a<£ Y`åÎÉò (~°l) ~å„uѨÓ@ #¨=∂A#∞ (Jk `«~ågÇπÏ J~Ú<å
‰õÄ_® `«~ågÇπÏ #=∂A q„`ü`À HõeÑ≤ "≥Ú`«OΠѨ^HŒ ˘O_»∞ `«ÇϨ A˚^£ J~Ú<å) ~Ô O_Õã≤ ~°HÍ`«∞Å K˘Ñ¨C# (XˆH ã¨ÖÏO`À)
~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ =∂„`«"Õ∞ KÕâß~°x P^è•~åÅ∞<åfl~Ú. (|∞MÏi- KÕÜ∞« @O L`«=Î ∞O. (|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ , J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r)
=Úã≤O¡ , =ÚJ`åÎ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ) QÆ=∞xHõ: `«~ågÇπÏ `«~åfi`« q„`ü #=∂*ò KÕÜ∂« e.
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ(ã¨Å¡O)~°=∞*Ï<£ =∂ã¨Ñ¨Ù z=i ^Œâ◊HõOÖ’ q„`ü JxflO\˜ HõO>Ë z=~À¡ KÕÜ∞« =Åã≤# #=∂A.
=¸_»∞ ~å„`«∞Ö’¡ J#QÍ 23, 25, 27= `Õn ~å„`«∞Ö’¡ P^èŒ∞xHõ ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«Î JÖÏ¡=∞ <åã≤~°∞nÌ<£ JÖò
=∞ã≤˚^Œ∞Ö’ dÜ«∂=ÚÖˇ·¡Öò KÕâß~°∞. P HÍÅOÖ’ PÜ«∞# ÉÏx(~°ÇϨ ‡Öˇ)· QÍi Ѩiâ’^è#Œ ŠѶe¨ `«O ‰õÄ_® `«~ågÇπÏ #=∂A
U`≥HÍѶÖπ ’ L<åfl~°∞. PÜ«∞# ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞ ‰õÄ_® PÜ«∞#`À Zxq∞k ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ KÕÜ∞« @"Õ∞ ã¨∞#fl`ü Jx K≥|∞`ÀOk. Hõ#∞Hõ
áê@∞ KÕ i `« Ç ¨ Ï A˚ ^ £ ÖË H õ `« ~ ågÇπ Ï #=∂A KÕ â ß~° ∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) QÍi ã¨∞#fl`«∞#∞ PK«iOz `«=∞efl `å=Ú
(J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r, #™ê~Ú). ^≥=· „Ѩ=Hõ(Î ã¨ÅO¡ ) Zxq∞k
17
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 69 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 70
H“ã¨~ü Ü«∞[=∂x â◊√ÉèíǨϙêÎÅ`À H“ã¨~ü [ÅO „`åˆQO^Œ∞‰õΩ K«kq ã¨ÖÏO KÕã≤ #=∂A =ÚyOKåe. (=Úã≤O¡ )
J~°∞›Å∞QÍ KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe. 3) q„`ü #=∂A XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞ KÕÜ«∞@O ‰õÄ_®
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ Ѩ^`úŒ .Õ J#QÍ `«ÇϨ A˚^£ ÖËHõ `«~ågÇπÏ #=∂A 8
q„`ü #=∂A QÆ∞iOz... ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ KÕã≤ XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞`À "≥Ú`«OÎ #=∂A#∞ q„`ü (ÉËã)≤
q„`ü ~å„uѨÓ@ JxflO\˜HõO>Ë z=~À¡ KÕÜ«∞|_Õ KÕã¨∞HÀ=K«∞Û. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤¡O)
#=∂A. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) ™ê^è•~°}OQÍ D #=∂A#∞ q„`ü #=∂A XHõ\,˜ =¸_»∞, S^Œ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å =~°‰Ωõ
`«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂A `«~åfi`« ~å„u z=i"ÕàÖ ◊ ’ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. J~Ú`Õ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=K«∞Û. Z=~°∞ Zxfl ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ KÕÜ∞« ^ŒÅK«∞‰õΩO>Ë Jxfl
`«# J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂[ ™œÅÉèºí O HÀã¨O PÜ«∞# q„`ü #=∂A#∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=K«∞Û. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl=∂*Ï)
Wëê `«~åfi`Õ KÕÜ∞« \ÏxH˜ J#∞=∞uxKåÛ~°∞.
(JǨχ^£, ui‡r, =Úã≤O¡ , Wɡfl=∂*Ï) q„`ü #=∂AÖ’x z=i ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ~°∞‰õĉõΩ =ÚO^Œ∞
(d~å`ü `«~åfi`Õ) Y∞#∂`ü ^Œ∞P KÕÜ∞« @O ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ )
q„`ü #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã Ѩ^Œúu: 1) =¸_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å q„`ü QÍi (ǨÏnã¨∞Å) ^•fi~å ~°∞A=~ÚOk (#™ê~Ú). (J~Ú`Õ
#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã J`«ºO`« „âı+"ª̈ ∞≥ #ÿ Ѩ^uúŒ Uq∞@O>Ë– ~Ô O_»∞ Y∞#∂`≥ <ålÖÏÖ’ =∂„`«O ~°∞‰õÄ `«~åfi`«<Õ KÕÜ«∞@O
~°HÍ`«∞Å `«~åfi`« ã¨ÖÏO KÕã≤ #=∂A =ÚyOKåe. `«~åfi`« L`«Î=∞O.)
XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞ "Õ~∞° QÍ KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ ). =¸_»∞
~° H Í`« ∞ Å∞ XHõ ã¨ Ö ÏO`À ‰õ Ä _® KÕ Ü « ∞ =K« ∞ Û. HÍx =¸_» ∞ ~° H Í`« ∞ Å q„`ü #=∂AÖ’x "≥ Ú ^Œ \ ˜
JÖÏO@ѨÙÊ_»∞ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å `«~åfi`« `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∂Ô~ PÖÏ, Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∂Ô~ HÍѶ≤~°∂<£,
ã¨∞`«~å=¸ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ~å^Œ∞ (=¸_À ~°HÍ`«∞ z=~À¡<Õ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ =¸_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∂~Ô WMòÖÏãπ K«^=Œ @O =∞ã¨∂fl<£ Ѩ^uúŒ .
KÕÜ«∂e). (ɡ·Ç¨Ïv) (#™ê~Ú–1606)
2) q„`ü #=∂A S^Œ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ KÕÜ«∞^ŒÅK«∞‰õΩO>Ë Y∞#∂`≥ q„`ü QÆ∞iOz....
S^Œ=, J#QÍ z=i ~°HÍ`ü `«~åfi`«<Õ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ HÀã¨O ‰õÄ~ÀÛ Ç¨Ï„[`ü Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò (~°l) Hõ^#Œä O „ѨHÍ~°O ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
"åe. JO^Œ∞Ö’ J`«Î Ç≤ÏÜ«∂º`ü, ^Œ~∂° ^£, ^Œ∞PÜ≥∞ =∂ã¨∂~å (ã¨ÅO¡ ) q„`ü #=∂A =¸_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. ^Œ∞PÜ≥∞

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 71 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 72


Y∞#∂`ü ~°∞‰õÄ HõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.
(#™ê~Ú, Wɡfl=∂*Ï)
Ǩτ[`ü J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇÏπ a<£ =∞ãπ=Ó^£ =∞iÜ«Ú ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞ Y∞#∂`≥ q„`ü ~°∞‰õÄ HõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞. JÖϡǨï=∞‡ÇπÏkh Ѷ‘=∞<£ ǨÏ^≥·`ü = PѶ≤h Ѷ‘=∞<£
(=Úã¨#flѶπ Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ) PÃѶ·`ü = `«=Å¡h Ѷ‘=∞<£ `«=Öˇ·¡`ü = ÉÏiH±b Ѷ‘=∂
P`≥·`ü =dh +¨„~°=∂ Y*ˇ·`ü Ѷ¨#flHõ `«Mòr =ÖÏ
q„`üÖ’ ~°∞‰õÄ `«~åfi`« Y∞#∂`ü K«^Œ"åÅx K≥¿ÑÊ Ü«ÚMò*Ï JÖˇ·H.± W#flǨ˙ ÖÏÜ«∞lÅ∞¡ =∞O"åfiÖˇ·`ü
LÖË¡Y<åÅhfl |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ#"Õ. WHõáÈ`Õ „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ# =ÖÏ Ü«∞~ÚA˚ =∞<£ P^≥·`ü `«ÉÏ~°HÎõ ~°|ƒ<å = `«PÖˇ·`ü
ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’¡ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) ~°∞‰õÄ `«~åfi`« K«kq# Y∞#∂`ü, (#™ê~Ú) =ã¨Ö¡ÖÏ¡Çï¨ JÖ#flc.
q„`ü #=∂A‰õΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# Y∞#∂`å ÖËHõ Y∞#∂`≥
<ålÖÏ<å J#fl q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ ã¨Ê+¨ì`« ÖË^Œ∞. Hõ#∞Hõ ã¨Ô~·#, (JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! <å‰õΩ ã¨<å‡~åæxfl K«∂Ñ≤OK«∞, ã¨<å‡~°Oæ ÃÑ·
„âı+"ª̈ ∞≥ #ÿ Ѩ^uúŒ Uq∞@O>Ë q„`üÖ’ ^Œ∞PÜ≥∞ Y∞#∂`ü ~°∞‰õÄ #_çz# "åiÖ’ KÕ~∞° Û. <å‰õΩ Hˆ =∆ ∂xfl#∞ „Ѩ™êkOK«∞. h=Ù
HõO>Ë =ÚO^Õ Ñ¨iOî Kåe. Hˆ =∆ ∞O „Ѩ™êkOz# "åiÖ’ ##∞fl ‰õÄ_® KÕ~∞° Û. ##∞fl h
q∞„`«∞ xQÍ KÕã∞¨ H˘x h q∞„`«=~°Oæ Ö’ KÕ~∞° Û. h=Ù J#∞
Y∞#∂`≥ q„`ü: Ǩτ[`ü ǨÏã¨<£ a<£ Jb (~°l) Hõ^#Œä O: „QÆÇÏ≤ Oz# =~åÅÖ’ â◊√ÉèÏxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«∞ h=Ù x~°~‚ ÚOz#
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) <å‰õΩ Y∞#∂`≥ q„`üÖ’ ~°∞‰õÄ HõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ H©_∞» #∞O_ç ##∞fl HÍáê_»∞. x~°Ü ‚ ∞« O QÔ H· ˘<Õ"å_çq h"Õ. h‰õΩ
K«^∞Œ =ÙHÀ=\ÏxH˜ H˘xfl "åHͺÅ∞ <ÕiÊOKå~°∞: =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ x~°Ü ‚ ∞« O QÔ H· ˘#@O [~°Q^Æ ∞Œ . h=Ù h q∞„`«∞xQÍ
KÕã∞¨ ‰õΩ#fl"å_»∞ WHõ Z#fl\˜H© J==∂#O áêÅ∞HÍ_»∞. h=Ù
Y∞#∂`ü ^Œ∞P ^Õfi+≤Oz# "å_»∞ Z#fl\˜H© Q“~°=O á⁄O^Œ_∞» . =∂ „ѨÉ∞íè ! h=Ù
â◊√Éèí=O`«∞_»=Ù. =∞Ǩϟ#fl`«∞_»=Ù. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ g∞^Œ ^Õ=Ùx
Hõ~°∞}ÏHõ\ÏH∆ÍÅ∞ ‰õΩiÜ«ÚQÍHõ!
18
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 73 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 74
ã¨∂K«#Å∞: 1) Y∞#∂`≥ q„`ü KÕ`«∞Å∞ ZuÎ K«^Œ=\ÏxH˜ q„`ü #=∂A ã¨ÖÏO KÕã≤# `«~åfi`« =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡
ã¨O|O kèOz# ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ „Ѩ=K«#O Un ÖË^Œ∞. J~Ú`Õ 'ã¨∞ÉòÇ¨ #Öò =∞eH˜Öò Y∞^Œ∂ãÌ —π Jx J#@O =∞ã¨∂fl<£ q^è•#O.
=Úã¨#flѶπ Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ „QÆO^äŒOÖ’ H˘xfl LÖË¡Y<åÅ∞ =¸_À™êi Ѩ^•Å#∞ ™êQÆnã≤ K«^"Œ åe. (#™ê~Ú–1607)
(P™ê~ü) L<åfl~Ú. Hõ#∞Hõ g@xflO\˜ ^Œ$ëêìº KÕ`∞« Å∞ ZuÎ Y∞#∂`≥ <ålÖÏ
J~Ú<å ÖËHõ kOz J~Ú<å ~Ô O_»∞ q^è•Å∞QÍ#∂ Y∞#∂`≥ Ü«Ú^ŒúO, PѨ^Œ, â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ PkèHõº`« "≥Ú^ŒÅQÆ∞
q„`ü K«^Œ=@O ãÔ̈~·#^Õ. qѨ`«¯~° ã¨=∞Ü«∂Ö’¡ ^Œ∞PÜ≥∞ Y∞#∂`ü K«^Œ"åe. n<Õfl
2) `«ÉÏ~°H±`« ~°|ƒ<å = `« PÖˇ·`ü `«~åfi`« ѨÙãÎ̈HÍÖ’¡ ''Y∞#∂`≥ <ålÖÏ——Jx JO\Ï~°∞. („Ѩã¨∞Î`« HÍÅOÖ’
'#ã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞Hõ =#`«∂|∞ WÖˇ·H±— "åHͺÅ∞ ~åã≤ LO\Ï~Ú. =Úã≤¡OÅ∞, =Úã≤¡O ^ÕâßÅ∞ Ü«Ú^úŒ Ѩiã≤÷`«∞ʼnõΩ, ÉèíÜ«∂O
HÍx D "åHͺÅ∞ ^≥ · = „Ѩ = Hõ Î QÍi Ǩ Ï n㨠∞ Å ^•fi~å ^Àà◊#ʼnõΩ QÆ∞Ô~· L<åfl~°∞. PѶ¨…x™êÎ<£, W~åMò, áêÅã‘Î<å,
x~°∂Ñ≤`"« ∞≥ #ÿ q HÍ=Ù. ÃÑ·QÍ Wq H˘O^Œ~∞° ѨO_ç`∞« Å∞ `«=∞ K≥K≥·xÜ«∂, HÍj‡~°∞ Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Å∞ =∞# =ÚO^Œ∞ L<åfl~Ú.
`« ~ ° Ñ ¶ ¨ Ù # KÕ i Û#q. Hõ # ∞Hõ U q^è Œ O QÍ K« ∂ ã≤ < å Wq =∞# ^Õâ◊OÖ’x ã¨OѶ¨∞ q„^ÀÇ¨Ï â◊‰õΩÎÅ∞ ZѨC_»∞ HõÖ’¡ÖÏxfl
„`Àã≤ѨÙK«Û^Œy#"Õ. ã¨$+≤Oì z =∞# ^è#Œ „áê}ÏÅ#∞, „ѨâßO`«`#« ∞ ǨÏiOz g~°OQÆO
3) z=~À¡ 'ã¨Ö¡ÖϡǨï JÅ#flc— J#@O ã¨ÇÏ‘ ÇπÏ Wɡfl ã¨$+≤™ì êÎ~À#x ÉèÜ
í ∞« O ÉèÜ í ∞« O`À |`«∞‰õΩÅ∞ "≥à§◊ nÜ«∞=Åã≤
Y∞*ˇ=· ∂ (1100= ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’) Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò (~°l) ^•fi~å =™ÈÎOk. QÆ∞„*Ï`ü Ѷ∞¨ ’~°Heõ "åãÎ̈"åÅ∞ WOHÍ =∞# PÖ’K«#Å
x~°∂Ñ≤`«=∞~ÚOk. Ǩτ[`ü L=∞~ü (~°l) QÍi dÖÏѶ¨`ü #∞Oz `˘ÅyáÈÖË^∞Œ . âßOuH˜ ã¨O~°H‰∆õ Ωõ Öˇ#· "åˆ~ Å∂\©Å∞,
HÍÅOÖ’ PÜ«∞# ~°=∞*Ï<£ =∂ã¨OÖ’ ~å„u ѨÓ@ #=∂*ò ǨÏ`«ºÅ∞ KÕÜ«∞@O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ ÃÑ_ç`Õ WHõ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«Ñ¨Ê
KÕ~ÚOKÕ"å~°∞. Y∞#∂`üÖ’ PÜ«∞# ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) H˘~°‰Ωõ =∞=∞‡efl =∞Ô~=~°∞ ~°H˜∆OK«QÆÅ~°∞? WÖÏO\˜ qѨ`«¯~° Ѩiã≤÷
^Œ~°∂^£ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. JÖψQ Ǩτ[`ü =ÚP*ò (~°l)^•fi~å `«∞Ö’¡ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =Úã≤O¡ Å#∞, =Úã≤O¡ ^ÕâßÅ#∞ âßOu ^•Ü«∞Hõ
‰õÄ_® WÖÏO\˜ P^è•~åÅ∞ L<åfl~Ú. Hõ#∞Hõ ''ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï "å`å=~°}OÖ’ LOK«∞QÍHõ!(Pg∞<£). WÖÏO\˜ Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Å∞
JÅ#flc—— Jx J#=K«∞Û. Pã¨#flO H͉õÄ_»^xŒ HÀ~°∞‰õΩO^•O, J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H© WÖÏO\˜

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 75 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 76


Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Å∞ Z^Œ∞Ô~·#ѨC_»∞ Y∞#∂`≥ <ålÖÏ `«Ñ¨Ê =∞#‰õΩ FJÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! =∞=∞‡efl, qâßfiã¨∞Öˇ·# „ã‘ΠѨÙ~°∞+¨µefl,
=∞~À „ѨÉÏè ==O`«"∞≥ #ÿ =∂~°Oæ ÖË^∞Œ . =Úã≤O¡ Öˇ#· „ã‘ΠѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅO^Œih Hõq∆ ∞OK«∞. "åi ǨÏ$^ŒÜ∂« Ö’¡
qâßfiã¨∞Å <åÜ«∞‰õΩÅ∞ Ǩτ[`ü L=∞~ü a<£ Y`åÎÉò Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~° Jaè=∂<åxfl [xOѨ*~Ë Ú. "åi Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~° ã¨O|O^è•
(~°l) Ѷ„¨ *ò #=∂AÖ’ (~°∞‰õÄ `«~åfi`«) Y∞#∂`ü KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. Å#∞ K«Hõ¯k^Œ∞Ì. h‰õΩ "åiH˜ L=∞‡_ç â◊„`«∞=ÙÖˇ·# "åiH˜
JO^Œ∞Ö’ D ^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ "åiH˜ ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞Ѩ_∞» . F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! Jqâßfiã¨∞efl
hHÍ~°∞}º KèåÜ«∞Å #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°O KÕ~Ú. "å~°∞ („Ѩ[efl) h
=∂~°Oæ #∞Oz x~Àkèã∞¨ <Î åfl~°∞. h „Ѩ=HõÅÎ #∞ kèH¯õ iã¨∞<Î åfl~°∞.
h q∞„`«∞Å`À Ü«Ú^ŒOú KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl~°∞. F JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! "åi =∞^躌
qÉèË^•Å∞ ã¨$+≤ìOK«∞. "åi áê^•Å =}˜ˆHÖÏ KÕ~Ú. h=Ù
JÖÏ¡ Ç ¨ ï =∞‡Q∑ Ñ ¶ ≤ ~ ü Å <å =eÖò =¸q∞h<£ =Öò <Õ~*° Ïu #∞Oz `«ÑÊ≤ OK«x tHõ#∆ ∞ "åi g∞^Œ J=`« iOѨ*~Ë Ú.
=¸q∞<å`ü =Öò=Úã≤¡g∞# =Öò =Úã≤¡=∂`ü = Je¡Ñ¶π (ɡ·Ç¨Ïv 2-210,211)ɡ·Ç¨Ïv D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ^Œ$_è»"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ
ɡ·# Y∞Å∂aÇ≤Ï"£∞, = JãπeÇπÏ *Ï`« ɡ·xÇ≤Ï"£∞ ѨiQÆ}˜OKå~°∞.
=<£ã¨∞~üǨï"£∞ JÖÏ J^Œ∞qfiHõ = J^Œ∞qfiÇ≤Ï"£∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ(ã¨Å¡O) Z=i#~Ú<å â◊Ñ≤OK«^Œe¿ãÎ ÖËHõ
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ÖòJ<£ HõѶ¨~°`« JÇπÏÅÖò H˜`åaÅ¡r# Z=i "Õ∞Å∞ HÀã¨"∞≥ <ÿ å „áêi÷OK«^eŒ ¿ãÎ z=i ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’x ~°∞‰õÄ
Ü«∞ã¨∞^Œ∂Ì<£ J<£ ã¨ceH±. = Ü«ÚHõl˚|∂# ~°∞ã¨∞ÅHõ
`«~åfi`« (ã¨q∞JÖϡǨï e=∞<£ ǨÏq∞^ŒÇπÏ, ~°|ƒ<å =
= Ü«ÚMÏu Å∂# BeÜ«∂JH±. JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ MÏeѶπ
ÅHõÖòǨÏ"£∞Ì J#fl `«~åfi`«)aQÆæ~°QÍ ^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. (|∞MÏs,
ɡ·# Hõe=∞uÇ≤Ï"£∞ =AÖòlÖò JMò^•"£∞Ǩï = J<£lÖò
ÉÏ|∞`«ÑÎ ãπ¶ ~‘ ,ü 4559, 4560 ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞. =Úã≤O¡ Ö’x ÉÏ|∞Öò
aÇ≤Ï"£∞ ÉÏã¨HõÅ¡r ÖÏ `«~°∞^Œ∞ÌǨ˙ JxÖò M∫q∞Öò Y∞#∂`ü 675= ǨÏnã¨∞).
=Ú„lg∞<£.
19
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 77 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 78
P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ PÜ«∞# `«# KÕ`∞« ÖˇuÎ „áêi÷OKÕ"å~°∞. Ñ„ Ü
¨ ∂« }OÖ’ Y„ãπ #=∂A
(JǨχ^£2, 255 =Úã¨fl^£ ã≤~å*ò, D ǨÏnã¨∞ |∞MÏs =Úã≤O¡ Å „ѨÜ∂« }OÖ’ L#flѨC_»∞ A„ÇπÏ,J„ãπ,Wëê #=∂A
xÜ«∞=∂ʼnõΩ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ ^Œ$_è"» ∞≥ #ÿ k.) Ö’¡x <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~å`«∞Å#∞ ~Ô O_Õã≤ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ =∂„`«"∞Õ KÕ™êÎ~∞° .
D q^èOŒ QÍ `«yOæ z #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« \Ïxfl ''Y„ãπ—— JO\Ï~°∞.
W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ =∞iÜ«Ú WãπǨMòÅ Jaè=∞`«O Ѷ„¨ *ò =∞iÜ«Ú =∞Q∑iÉò #=∂AʼnõΩ Y„ãπ ÖË^∞Œ .
‰õÄ_® Y∞#∂`≥ <ålÖÏ HÀã¨O KÕ`∞« Å∞ Z`«@ Î "Õ∞. J~Ú`Õ
„Ѩܫ∂}OÖ’ Ѷ¨„*ò ѨÓ@ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å ã¨∞#fl`ü
^Œ∞P `«~åfi`« KÕ`∞« Å#∞ =ÚYO g∞^Œ ã¨ÊtOK«\ÏxH˜ ã¨O|O (=ÚJHõ¯^•) =∞iÜ«Ú WëêѨÓ@ q„`ü #=∂A `«Ñʨ ‰õΩO_®
kèOz# ^Œ$_è»"≥∞ÿ# ǨÏnã¨∞ Un ÖË^Œ∞. Hõ#∞Hõ WÖÏ KÕÜ∞« @O KÕÜ∂« e. Wq `«Ñʨ „ѨÜ∂« }OÖ’ W`«~° ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞, #Ѷà≤ √◊ ¡
a^£J`ü. #=∂A |Ü«∞@ ‰õÄ_® WÖÏ KÕÜ∞« \ÏxH˜ P^è•~åÅ∞ Ug∞ ÖË=Ù.
ÖË=Ù. KÕ`«∞Å#∞ =ÚMÏxH˜ ã¨ÊtOK«\ÏxH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz# W=∂"£∞ „Ѩܫ∂}©‰õΩ_≥· LO_ç =ÚHõÎn ™ê÷x‰õΩ_≥·#
LÖËY¡ <åÅhfl |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞#ÿ "Õ. ѨHO∆õ Ö’ W=∂"£∞ ã¨ÖÏO KÕã≤ #=∂*ò =ÚyOz# `«~åfi`«
(JÖÏ¡=∂ <åã≤~°∞nÌ<£ JÖòÉÏh- ~°Ç¨Ï‡Öˇ·) =ÚHõnÎ Å∞ ÖËz q∞QÆ`å ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ ѨÓiÎ KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe(JǨχ^£).
„ѨÜ∂« }©‰Ωõ _≥#· =ÚHõnÎ ™ê÷x‰õΩ_≥#· W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ "≥Ú`«OÎ
^≥=· „Ѩ=Hõ(Î ã¨ÅO¡ ) XHõ <≥Å=~°‰Äõ S^Œ∞ ѨÓ@Å #=∂A #=∂A (<åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞)KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe.
Ö’¡#∂ ~°∞‰õÄ `«~åfi`« Y∞#∂`≥ <ålÖÏ Ñ¨iîOKå~°∞. P
ã¨∞n~°… „ѨÜ∂« }O H˘~°‰Ωõ #QÆ~O° #∞Oz |Ü«∞Å∞
ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ PÜ«∞# "≥#∞Hõ LO_Õ ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞ Pg∞<£ Jx ^Õ~°QÍ<Õ ''Y„ãπ—— KÕÜ«∞@O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ ÃÑ@ì=K«∞Û(=∂eH±).
ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`«∂ LO_Õ"å~°∞.(J|∂^•=Ó^£, JÉò"å|∞Öò q„`ü, „Ѩܫ∂}ÏxH˜ YzÛ`«"≥∞ÿ# ^Œ∂~°O x~°‚~ÚOK«|_çÖË^Œ∞.
1443= ǨÏnã¨∞) ǨH˜"∞£ , ǨѶ*≤ ò [ǨÏc =∞iÜ«Ú W=∂"£∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) `˘q∞‡k "≥∞ÿà◊¡ „Ѩܫ∂}O KÕã≤#ѨC_»∞
Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂Å∞ nxx ^Œ$_è»"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. #=∂A Y„ãπ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. (JǨχ^£, =Úã≤O¡ , J|∂^•=Ó^£)

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 79 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 80


Ǩτ[`ü J|∞Ì^•¡ÇÏπ a<£ L=∞~ü =∞iÜ«Ú J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇÏπ 6) A=∂ „Ѩ ã ¨ O QÆ O [~° ∞ QÆ ∞ `« ∞ #flѨ Ù Ê_» ∞ KÕ ` « ∞ Å∞
a<£ JÉσãπ (~°l)Å∞ 48 "≥∞àÿ √◊ ¡ „ѨÜ∂« }˜Oz#ѨC_»∞ Y„ãπ =ÚOQÍà◊§‰õΩ Hõ@∞ìH˘x ‰õÄ~ÀÛ~å^Œ∞.
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú LѨ"åã¨O ‰õÄ_® =^Œe ÃÑ>Ëì"å~°∞ (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r)
(Ѷ`¨ Çü ï¨ Öò ÉÏi). „ѨÜ∂« }ÏxH˜ YzÛ`« "≥∞#ÿ HÍÅO ‰õÄ_® 7) J`«ºO`« „â◊^•ú㉨ Ωõ Å
Î `À Y∞`åƒ q<åe. Y∞`åƒ ã¨=∞
x~°~‚ ÚOK«|_» ÖË^∞Œ . „ѨÜ∂« }OÖ’ ~Ô O_»∞ #=∂AÅ#∞ (L^•: Ü«∞OÖ’ =∂@Å∂ =∂\Ï¡_‰» Äõ _»^∞Œ . (=Úã≤O¡ )
A„ÇπÏ-J„ãπ, =∞„yÉò-WëêÅ#∞)HõeÑ≤ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=K«∞Û. |∞MÏs- 8) A„ÇπÏ "Õàı A=∂#=∂A‰õΩ "Õà.◊ (|∞MÏi) A=∂ ~ÀA
=Úã≤¡O) ã¨∂~°∞º_»∞ <≥uÎ g∞^Œ ~å=\ÏxH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞, <≥ugÎ ∞^Œ
A=∂ #=∂A QÆ∞iOz L#flѨÙÊ_»∞, <≥uÎ #∞Oz "åe# `«~åfi`«, Jxfl "ÕàÖ ◊ ’¡#∂
1) A=∂~ÀA QÆ∞ãπ ¡KÕÜ«∞@O, Ѩiâ◊√„Éèí"≥∞ÿ# |@ìÅ∞ #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« =K«∞Û.
`˘_»∞HÀ¯ =@O, ã¨∞QÆO^èŒ „^Œ"åºÅ∞ ѨÓã¨∞HÀ=@O (J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú–317, |∞MÏi)
ã¨∞#fl`ü. (JǨχ^£, #™ê~Ú1310) 9) „QÍ=∂Å∞, #QÆ~åÅ∞, JxflKÀ@¡ A=∂ #=∂A qkè
2) A=∂ ~ÀA ^≥·=„Ѩ=Hõ Î(ã¨Å¡O) H˘~°‰õΩ J`«ºkèHõOQÍ J=Ù`«∞Ok. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, |∞MÏi, JǨχ^£, ui‡r,
^Œ~∂° ^£ Ѩiãî ∂¨ Î LO_®Åx P^ÕtOK«|_çOk. ^•Ô~ Y∞ufl)
(J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú) 10) A=∂ #=∂A "å~°OÖ’ [iˆQ z#flz#fl `«Ñ¨ÙÊÅ
3) A=∂ #=∂A‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å `«ÇÏ≤ Ü«∞º xflO\˜H˜ ѨiǨ~°O J=Ù`«∞Ok. (=Úã≤O¡ )
`«∞Öò =∞ã≤^˚ £ #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« @O qkè. (=Úã≤O¡ ) 11) A=∂ #=∂A Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞. Jk ÉÏxã¨Å∞,
4) A=∂ #=∂A‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ Y∞`åƒ W=fi@O `«Ñʨ xã¨i. „ã‘Å
Î ∞, Ñ≤ÅÅ
¡ ∞, „ѨÜ∂« }©‰Ωõ Å∞ `«Ñʨ „Ѩu =Úã≤O¡ qkèQÍ
(J|∂^•=Ó^£) KÕÜ«∂e. (J|∂^•=Ó^£)
5) A=∂ Y∞`åƒ "≥Ú^ŒÖ#·ˇ `«~åfi`« =KÕÛ"å~°∞ ‰õÄ_® 12) +¨sJ`ü ã¨=∞‡uOKÕ HÍ~°}"Õ∞n ÖˉõΩO_® =¸_»∞
Y∞`åƒ [~°∞QÆ∞ `«∞#flѨÙÊ_»∞ J~Ú<å ã¨OH˜Ñ∆ OÎ̈ QÍ ~Ô O_»∞ A=∂ #=∂AÅ∞ =^ŒeÃÑ\˜#ì =ºH˜Î ǨÏ$^ŒÜ∞« O g∞^Œ
~°HÍ`«∞Å `«ÇÏ≤ Ü«∞º`«∞Öò =∞ã≤^˚ £ #=∂*ò KÕã#≤ `«~åfi`Õ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =Ú„^Œ "Õ¿ã™êÎ_∞» .
‰õÄ~ÀÛ"åe. (J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r, #™ê~Ú)
20
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 81 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 82
13) A=∂ `«~åfi`« ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ =∞ã≤^˚ Ö £ ’ KÕÜ∞« ^ŒÅK«∞‰õΩO>Ë Ñ¨O_»∞QÆ #=∂A HÀã¨O „ã‘ÎÅ#∞ ‰õÄ_® D^•æÇπωõΩ
~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ KÕÜ∂« e. (JǨχ^£, =Úã≤O¡ ) fã¨∞H˘x "≥àϧe. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ )
14) Yf|∞ (LѨ<åºã¨‰õΩ_»∞) „â’`«Å‰õΩ "åi =∂`«$ 4) Ѩ O _» ∞ QÆ #=∂AH˘~° ‰ õ Ω J*Ï<£ WMÏ=∞`ü Å ∞
ÉèÏ+¨Ö’<Õ Ç≤Ï`«É’^èŒ KÕÜ∞« =K«∞Û. (J|∂^•=Ó^£) K≥Ñʨ |_»=Ù. (=Úã≤O¡ , J|∂^•=Ó^£)
15) XHõ"Õà◊ A=∂ ~ÀA ѨO_»QÆ "Õ¿ãÎ, A=∂ =∞iÜ«Ú 5) ѨO_»∞QÆ #=∂A Ѩ<fl≥ O_»∞ J^Œ#Ѩ٠`«Hƒ© ~°`¡ À KÕÜ∞« @O
ѨO_»∞QÆ #=∂AÅ∞ ~Ô O_»∂ KÕÜ∂« e. XHõ"àÕ ◊ ѨO_»∞QÆ =∞ã¨∂fl<£ Ѩ^uúŒ . "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`üÖ’ d~å`ü‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞
#=∂A `«~åfi`« „QÍ=∞ ã¨∞Å Î ∞ A=∂‰õΩ |^Œ∞Å∞ A„ÇπÏ U_»∞ `«Hƒ© ~°∞,¡ ~Ô O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ d~å`ü‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞
#=∂A KÕã∞¨ ‰õΩ<åfl ã¨iáÈ`«∞Ok. S^Œ∞ `«H©ƒ~°∞¡ ѨÅHÍe. (ui‡r, Wɡfl=∂*Ï)
(J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï)
6) ѨO_»∞QÆ #=∂AÖ’¡ =ÚO^Œ∞ #=∂A P `«~åfi`« Y∞`åƒ
16) W=∂=Ú "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∂~Ô á¶êuǨ`À áê@∞ W=fi@O =∞ã¨∂fl<£. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ )
ã¨∂Ô~ PÖÏ Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∂Ô~ QÍ+≤Ü«∞ÇπÏ ÖËHõ
"≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∂Ô~ A=∂ =∞iÜ«Ú Ô~O_»= 7) Ѷ„≤ `ü ѨO_»∞QÆ <å_»∞ D^•æÇÏπ ‰õΩ "≥à§ı =ÚO^Œ∞ U^Œ~Ú<å
(Y~°∂˚~°O "≥Ú^ŒÅQÆ∞#flq) ux "≥à◊§@O =∞ã¨∂fl<£.
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∂~Ô =Ú<åѶY ≤ ∂<£ ѨiOî K«@O =∞ã¨∂fl<£ J*òǨ ѨO_»∞QÆ <å_»∞ D^•æÇπÏ #∞Oz uiy=zÛ
q^è•#O. (=Úã≤¡O)
[O`«∞=Ùx Y∞~åƒh WzÛ ^•x =∂Oã¨O u#@O
ѨO_»∞QÆ #=∂AÅ QÆ∞iOz... ã¨∞#fl`ü. (ui‡l, Wɡfl=∂*Ï, JǨχ^£)
1) Ѷ≤„`ü =∞iÜ«Ú J*òǨ ѨO_»∞QÆÅ #=∂A Ô~O_»∞ 8) D^•æÇπωõΩ "≥àı§@ѨÙÊ_»∞ XHõ^•i QÆ∞O_® "≥o§,
~°HÍ`«∞Å∞. Jq ã¨∞#fl`≥ =ÚJHõ¯^Œ. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ ) =KÕÛ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ =∞~À ^•i QÆ∞O_® ~å"åe. "≥à¥◊ ,Î =ã¨∂,Î
2) ѨO_»∞QÆÅ #=∂A L^ŒÜ∞« OѨÓ@ ã¨∂~åºãÎ̈=∞Ü«∞O ^•iÖ’ `«Hƒ© ~°∞¡ Ѩiãî ∂¨ Î LO_»@O ã¨∞#fl`ü. (|∞MÏi)
`«~åfi`« KÕÜ∞« @O L`«=Î ∞O. (J|∂^•=Ó^£) W=∂"£∞ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O aQÆæ~°QÍ KÕ™êÎ_»∞.
3) ѨO_»∞QÆ #=∂A qâßÅ "≥∞^ÿ •#OÖ’ KÕÜ∞« @O ã¨∞#fl`ü. "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ã¨∂Ô~ PÖÏ, Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ã¨∂Ô~

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 83 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 84


QÍ+≤Ü«∞ÇπÏ, ÖËHõ "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ã¨∂Ô~ MÏѶπ, Ô~O_»= QÆ=∞xHõ: ÃÑ· #ѶÖ
≤ ò #=∂AÅ#∞ ã¨∂~Àº^ŒÜ∞« O [iy#
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ WMò`~« |° u™êûJÇπÏ Ñ¨i™î êÎ_∞» . ѨO_»∞QÆÅ #=∂A‰õΩ Ѩk¿ÇÏ#∞ W~°"·≥ xq∞ëêÅ `«~åfi`« KÕ¿ãÎ Jq W„ëêMò #=∂A
=ÚO^Œ∞ QÍx P `«~åfi`«QÍx ZÖÏO\˜ ã¨∞#fl`ü, #Ѷ≤Öò J#|_»`å~Ú. ^•^•Ñ¨Ù QÆO@ `«~åfi`« KÕ¿ãÎ ''Kå+πÎ #=∂A——
#=∂AÅ∞ KÕÜ∞« |_»=Ù. (ui‡l) J#|_»`å~Ú. ~Ô O_»∞#fl~° QÆO@Å `«~åfi`« KÕ¿ãÎ ''J"åfic<£
ã¨∂~°º„QÆÇϨ }O: ã¨∂~°∞ºxH˜ ÖËHõ K«O„^Œ∞xH˜ „QÆǨÏ}O Ѩ_»∞Î#fl #=∂A—— J#|_»`å~Ú. Z=iH˜ ZÖÏ gÅ∞ Hõey`Õ JÖÏ
ѨÙÊ_»∞ ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂A KÕÜ∂« e. KÕã¨∞HÀ=K«∞Û.
K«O„^Œ„QÆÇϨ }O: ã¨∂~°ºÖËHõ K«O„^Œ„QÆÇϨ }Ѩ٠#=∂AÖ’ #=∂*ˇ J"åfic<£: XO>ˇ Ñ≤Å¡ HÍà◊√§ HÍe#ѨÙÊ_»∞
Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞O\Ï~Ú. „QÆǨÏ}Ѩ٠ã¨=∞Ü«∂xfl |\ì̃ „Ѩu J"åfic<£ #=∂A "Õà◊ J=Ù`«∞Ok. (=Úã≤O¡ )
~°HÍ`üÖ’#∂ XHõ\˜ ÖËHõ Ô~O_»∞ =¸_»∞ ~°∞‰õÄÅ∞ KÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û.
(=Úã≤O¡ ). ã¨∂~°ºK«O„^Œ „QÆÇϨ } #=∂AÖ’¡ Y∞~üP<£ aQÆ~æ Q° Í [<å*Ï #=∂A QÆ∞iOz...
ѨiOî Kåe. (ui‡r, JÖòÉÏx–463) „QÆÇϨ } #=∂A `«~åfi`« 1) [<å*Ï #=∂A <åÅ∞QÆ∞ `«Hƒ© ~°`¡ À KÕÜ«∞|_»∞`«∞Ok.
Y∞`åƒ Ñ¨iOî K«@O =∞ã¨∂fl<£. (|∞MÏi) JO^Œ∞Ö’ ~°∞‰õÄ ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ LO_»=Ù. Hˆ =ÅO dÜ«∂"£∞
W„ëêMò #=∂A: Ѷ„¨ *ò #=∂*ò KÕã#≤ `«~åfi`« J^Õ =∂„`«"∞Õ LO@∞Ok.
ã¨Å
÷ OÖ’ ã¨∂~Àº^ŒÜ∞« O =~°‰Ωõ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞ ^蕺xã¨∂Î ‰õÄ~˘Ûx 2) [<å*Ï #=∂AÖ’ ã≤„i ÖËHõ [ÇπÏi Ô~O_»∞ q^è•Å
P `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞‰õΩ#fl "å_çH˜ XHõ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#=¸ [~°QÆ=K«∞Û. (|∞MÏi, J|∂
ǨÏ*ò, XHõ L„=∂ KÕã#≤ O`« ѨÙ}ºO Åaèã∞¨ OÎ k. (ui‡r–480) ^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, ui‡r)
Kå+πÎ #=∂A: Kå+πÎ #=∂*ò <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ 3) K«xáÈ~Ú#k ѨÙ~°∞+¨µ_»∞ J~Ú`Õ W=∂=Ú J`«x
KÕÜ∞« @O L`«=Î ∞O. Z‰õΩ¯=O>Ë Ñ¨<fl≥ O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å =~°‰Ωõ `«Å ^ŒQ~æÆ ° xOKÀ"åe. „ã‘Î J~Ú`Õ =∞^躌 Ö’ xOKÀ"åe.
KÕÜ∞« =K«∞Û. <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å Kå+πÎ #=∂A KÕ¿ã"å_»∞ P (JǨχ^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï, ui‡r, J|∂^•=Ó^£)
~ÀA Ѩ#∞ÅxflO\˜x JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ `«# g∞^Œ "≥∂ã¨∞‰õΩO\Ï_»∞. 4) [<å*Ï #=∂A `«Hƒ© ~°x¡ flO\˜Ö’#∂ KÕ`∞« Å∞ ÃÑ·HÔ `«∞`Î ∂«
(ui‡l–390) LO_®e. (|∞MÏi)
21
=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 85 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 86
5) [<å*Ï #=∂A =∞ã≤^˚ Ö £ ’ KÕÜ∞« =K«∞Û. (=Úã≤O¡ ) L<£™ê<å. JÖϡǨï=∞‡ =∞<£ JÇπÏÜ≥ÿ∞`«Ç¨˙ q∞<åfl
6) [<å*Ï #=∂A#∞ XˆH XHõ ã¨ÖÏO`À ‰õÄ_® =ÚyOK« Ѷ¨JÇπÏ~ÚÇ‘Ï JÅÖò W™ê¡"£∞ ==∞<£ `«=ÃѶ·Êù`«Ç¨˙
=K«∞Û. (^•Ô~Y∞ufl, ǨH˜"£∞, ɡ·Ç¨Ïv) q∞<åfl Ѷ¨`«=Ѷ¨ÊùǨ˙ JÅÖò D=∂<£. ''JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ÖÏ
`«ÇÏπ i"£∞<å J„[Ǩ˙ =ÖÏ `«∞lÅ¡<å ÉÏ^ŒÇ˙ ¨ .——
7) Ѩ~ÀHõ∆ [<å*Ï #=∂A KÕÜ∞« =K«∞Û. (|∞MÏi, =Úã≤O¡ )
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! =∂Ö’ „|uH˜ =Ù#fl "åix, K«xáÈ~Ú#
q^è•#O: [<å*Ï #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã@ѨÙÊ_»∞ =∞$`«∞x `«Å "åix, WHõ¯_»∞#fl "åih, ÖËx "åih, Ñ≤#flÅ#∂, ÃÑ^ŒÅ Ì #∂,
L`«Î~°O "≥·Ñ¨Ù, HÍà◊√§ ^ŒH˜∆}O "≥·Ñ¨Ù LO_®e. `«~åfi`« =ÙE`À JO^Œih Hõ∆q∞OK«∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! =∂Ö’ Z=ix ã¨r=OQÍ
LO_ç ѨO‰õΩÎÅ∞ U~åÊ@∞ KÕã¨∞HÀ"åe. (W=∂=Ú =∞QÆ LOz<å W™ê¡O ^è~Œ ‡° OÃÑ· LOK«∞. Z=iH˜ =∞~° }Ïxfl „Ѩ™êkO
=∞$`« ∞ x `« Å ‰õ Ω Z^Œ ∞ ~° ∞ QÍ, P_» =∞$`« ∞ x =∞^è Œ º Ö’ z<å qâßfi㨠ã≤u÷ Ö’<Õ D =∞~°}O˜ z# =ºHÎ̃ (q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’
xOKÀ"åe). =∞#㨠∞ Ö’ [<å*Ï #=∂A KÕ ã ¨ ∞ Î < åfl#x ã¨Ç¨Ï#O =Ç≤ÏOK«@O =Å¡ ÅaèOKÕ) ѨÙ}ϺxH˜ =∞=∞‡efl
ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞H˘x KÕ`«∞Å∞ Ô~O_»∂ Éèí∞*ÏÅ =~°‰õΩ ÖËHõ K≥=ÙÅ ^Œ∂~°O K≥Ü∞« º‰õΩ. W`«x `«~∞° "å`« =∞=∞‡efl LѨ„^Œ"åʼnõΩ
=~°‰õΩ ÃÑ·ÔHuÎ "≥Ú^Œ\˜ `«H©ƒ~°∞ K≥Ñ≤Ê KÕ`«∞Å∞ ~˘=Ú‡ g∞^Œ QÆ∞i K≥Ü∞« º‰õΩ. (JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r)
Hõ@∞ìHÀ"åe. (WɡflY∞*ˇ=· ∂). ã¨∂~Ô á¶êuǨ`Àáê@∞ =∞ˆ~ ã¨∂~å ÃÑ· ^Œ∞P`À áê@∞ D ^Œ∞P ‰õÄ_® HõeÑ≤ K«^∞Œ =ÙHÀ=K«∞Û:
U^Œ~Ú<å K«^Œ∞=ÙHÀ"åe. (|∞MÏi) Ô~O_À `«H©ƒ~ü `«~åfi`«
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) H˘~°‰õΩ ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨiîOKåe. =¸_À `«H©ƒ~ü
`«~åfi`« =∞$`«∞x H˘~°‰Ωõ z`«âÎ √◊ kú`À „áêiúOKåe.

''JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡Q∑ Ѷi≤ ¡ ǨÏ~Úº<å ==∞~Úºu<å =ëêÇ≤Ïk<å JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üÅǨ˙ =~üǨÏ"£∞Ǩï. = PѶ≤Ç‘Ï "åѶ¨Ù
= QÍ~Úa<å = ã¨wi<å = Hõci<å =[Hõi<å = J<£Çï¨ , = J„H˜"∞£ #∞AÅǨ˙, = =ã‘û =Ú^£HÅõ Ǩ˙,

=∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 87 =∞ã¨∂fl<£ #=∂*ò 88


=Q∑ãÖ≤ òÇï¨ aÖò=∂~Ú, =ã¨ûÖòl =Öò|~ük, = #döÇÏ‘ <åÖ’æ `«Hƒ© ~ü K≥ÑÊ≤ ã¨ÖÏO KÕã≤ #=∂A =ÚyOKåe.
q∞#Öò Y`åÜ«∂ Hõ=∂ #Mö̌~Ú`«™œû |Öò JÉòÜ∞« [ (=Úã¨#flѶπ J|∞Ì„~°*Ï˚Mò)
q∞#^ŒÌ#ã≤, = JÉòkÖòǨï ^•~°<£ Mˇ·~°<£ q∞<£ ^•iÇ‘Ï,
Ñ≤Å"¡ å_ç [<å*Ï #=∂AÖ’ D ^Œ∞P KÕÜ∞« @O =∞ã¨∂fl<£.
= JÇπÏÅ<£ Mˇ·~°<£ q∞<£ JÇπÏeÇ‘Ï, = *∫[<£ Mˇ·~°<£
q∞<£ *∫lÇ‘Ï, = J^£dÖòÇï¨ Öò [#fl`« = J~Ú*òÇï¨
q∞<£ J*ÏaÖò YÉòi = J*Ïa<åfli, =Ѷπã¨ÇπÏ ÅǨ˙ ''JÖϡǨï=∞‡*ò JÖòǨï Å<å ã¨ÅѶ¨<£ = Ѷ¨~°`«<£ =
Ѷ‘ YÉòiÇ‘Ï = #qfi~ü ÅǨ˙ Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï. JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ÖÏ J*ò~<° £ = AMò~å——
`«ÇπÏi"£∞<å J*ò~°Ç¨˙ =ÖÏ `«∞lÅ¡<å ÉÏ^ŒÇ¨˙. (JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ! D Ñ≤Å"¡ å}˜‚ =∂ HõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ áÈÜÕ∞
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ! W`«xfl Hõ∆q∞OK«∞, W`«x g∞^Œ ^ŒÜ«∞EѨÙ. "åxQÍ, =∂ ѨÙ}ºÑ¶Ö ¨ ÏʼnõΩ ^ÀǨÏ^ŒHÍiQÍ K≥~Úº.)
W`«xfl tHõ∆ #∞O_ç HÍáê_»∞. W`«xfl =∞xflOK«∞. W`«xfl P^ŒiOz (|∞MÏs)
=∞~åº^Œ K≥~Úº. W`«x ã¨=∂kèx qâßÅѨ~K ° ∞« . W`«xfl hà◊`¡ À,
=∞OK«∞`À, =_»QàÆ §◊ `À Hõ_yç , `≥Åx¡ =„™êÎxfl =ÚiH˜Ö‰Ë Ωõ O_®
â◊√„ÉèíOKÕã≤#@∞¡ áêáêÅ #∞O_ç W`«xfl Ѩiâ◊√„ÉèíOK≥~Úº.
W`«xH˜ WǨÏÖ’HõѨ٠WÅ∞¡Hõ<åfl =∞Oz WÅ∞¡h, WǨÏÖ’HõѨÙ
Ѩi"å~°O Hõ<åfl L`«=Î ∞ Ѩi"å~åxfl WǨÏÖ’HõÑÙ¨ WÖÏ¡eHõ<åfl
=∞Oz WÖÏ¡ex W=Ùfi. W`«xfl ã¨fi~°Ö æ ’H˜ „Ѩ"tÕ OѨ*~ˇ Úº.
ã¨=∂kè tHõ∆ #∞Oz, Jyfl tHõ∆ #∞Oz W`«xfl HÍáê_»∞. W`«x S
ã¨=∂kèx qâßÅѨ~K ° ∞« . JO^Œ∞Ö’ "≥Å∞QÆ∞#∞ xOѨÙ. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ !
W`«x (q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ ã¨Ç¨Ï#O =Ç≤ÏOK«@O =Å¡ ÅaèOKÕ)
ѨÙ}ϺxH˜ =∞=∞‡efl ^Œ∂~°O KÕÜ∞« ‰õΩ. W`«x `«~åfi`« =∞=∞‡efl
JѨ=∂~åæ xH˜ QÆ∞iKÕÜ∞« ‰õΩ.——
22

Visit http://TeluguIslam.net/ for Authentic Telugu Islamic Resources