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The 30 Sihaam

Audhu Bismi Nahmadhahu Assalamu Alaikum

Dear Respected Listeners

As Muslims, all of us regularly recite the Holy Quran and eagerly seek ways to
learn its meanings.
In Surah Fathiha, the opening chapter of the Holy Quran, we recite;

(1:6) Takeuson thestraight path. ﴾٦﴿ ‫سَتِقيَم‬ْ ‫ط اْلُم‬َ ‫را‬


َ‫ص‬ ّ ‫اْهِدَنا ال‬
(1:7) thepath of thoseon whomYou havebestowed
Your Grace, not of those who have incurred Your
ِ ‫ضو‬
‫ب‬ ُ ‫ر اْلمَْغ‬
ِ ‫غْي‬
َ ‫عَلْيِهْم‬
َ ‫ت‬
َ ‫ن َأْنَعْم‬َ ‫ط اّلِذي‬
َ ‫را‬َ‫ص‬ ِ
wrath, nor of thosewho have gone astray. ﴾٧﴿ ‫ن‬َ ‫ضاّلي‬
ّ ‫ل ال‬ َ ‫عَلْيِهْم َو‬
َ

The approximate English meaning being;


Guide Us on the Straight Path IHdhinas Siraathal Mustaqeem
The path of those on whom You have Sirrathallazeena Anghamtha alaihim
bestowed Your Grace

So, we ask the questions, who are these favored people - the “Anghamtha
alaihim” – those whom Allah guides on the straight path as well as those on
whom Allah has bestowed his Grace.

An important source for seeking and learning is the Holy Quran itself.

The second Surah in the Quran, Surah Baqara, which is the Surah
immediately after Surah Fathiha, begins as follows;

(2:1) Alif. Lām. Mīm. ﴾١﴿ ‫الم‬


(2:2) ThisBookhasno doubt in it - aguidancefor the
God-fearing, ﴾٢﴿ ‫ن‬
َ ‫بۛۛۛۛ ِفيِه ۛۛۛۛ ُهًدى ّلْلُمّتِقي‬
َ ‫رْي‬
َ ‫ل‬
َ ‫ب‬
ُ ‫ك اْلِكَتا‬
َٰٰ‌
‫َذِل‬

In this Aayath we hear the word Muthaqeen

Again 3 Aayaths later;

(2:5)It isthesewhoareguidedbytheir Lord; andit is ‫هُم‬


ُ ‫ك‬
َ ‫وُأوَلٰـِئ‬
َ ۛۛۛۖ‫رّبِهْم‬
ّ ‫هًدى ّمن‬
ُ ‫عَل ٰى‬
َ ‫ك‬
َ ‫ُأوَلٰـِئ‬
just thesewhoaresuccessful.
﴾٥﴿ ‫ن‬
َ ‫حو‬ُ ‫اْلُمْفِل‬

We find the words Ulaaika ghalaa Hudhdham MinRabbihim; Wa Ulaaika Humul


Muflihoon

In both these Aayaths Allah Ta’ala has mentioned 3 praiseworthy categories


of people – the ‘Muththaqeen’ (the God Fearing), the ‘Hudhdham

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MinRabbihim’ (those who are guided by their Rabb) and the ‘Muflihoon’ (those
who are successful).

Quite often in the Quran we hear the words Muthaqoon, Sadiqeen, Muflihoon,
Sabireen, Muhsineen, Mutawakkileen and so on.

This is how Allah Ta’ala describes good people. We also see in the Holy Quran
phrases such as;

InnAllaha Yuhibbul Muhsineen Allah loves those who do good


InnAllaha Yuhibbuththawwabeena wal Surely Allah loves those who are most
yuhibbul Muthathahhireen repenting, and loves those who keep
themselves pure
FainnAllaha Yuhibbul Muththaqeen Allah loves the God-fearing
Wallahu Yuhibbus Saabireen Allah loves the steadfast.
InnAllaha Yuhibbul Muthawakkileen Surely, Allah loves those who place
their trust in Him.
InnAllaha Yuhibbul Muqsitheen Surely, Allah loves those who do
justice.
InnAlaha Yuhibbullazeena Surely Allah loves those who fight in
YuQaathiloona Feesabeelillah His way

We are really curious about these categories of people that Allah has
described.

We would like to be called a Muttaqi, a Sadiq, a Saabir and so on by Allah


Ta’ala – wouldn’t we?
Who are these people, what are their qualities that Allah Ta’ala loves and how
could be aspire to possess these qualities and become one of them?

We then read in Faza’il E Sadaqaat – Part 2 - [Under the section ‘Ayath in


praise of contentment’] some interesting information about these categories
of people who are loved by Allah.

Ibn Abbas Radhiallaho Anho says: “Allah Ta’ala says in Surah Najm (53:37),
praising Ibrahim Alaihissalaam:

(53:37) and of Ibrāhīmwho fulfilled (his duties)? ﴾٣٧﴿ ‫َوِإْبَراِهيَم اّلِذيَوّف ٰى‬

The Ayath means that Ibrahim Alaihissalaam fulfilled all that Islam demands.

According to the description in Fazaail E Sadaqaath, these demands fall into


thirty broad categories, known as the thirty ‘Sihaam’ of Islam.

Ten of these Sihaam have been indicated in Surah Tauba in the Verses; (111
-112)
Innallah Hashtharaa minal Mu’mineena Anfusahum Wa Amwaalahum bi anna
lahumul Jannah.

Surely, Allah has bought their lives and their wealth from the believers, in
exchange of (a promise) that Paradise shall be theirs
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Ten others have been recounted in Surah Ahzaab in the Verse No 35
Innal Muslimeena wal Muslimaath
Surely Muslim Men and Muslim Women

Six more have been described in Surah Al Mu’minoon, verses numbers 1 – 11


Kadh Aflahal Mu’minoon
Success is really attained by the Believers

The description of four others occurs in Surah Ma’arij in the Ayath No’s 26 –
35
Wallazeena Yu Sadhiqoona Bi Yaumidh Dheen
Those who believe in the Day of Judgement as True

Put together, these make thirty in all.

Whosoever meets his Lord (On the Day of Judgment), after having fulfilled
one of these obligations, will be deemed to have practiced one thirtieth part
of Islam.

All these 30 Sihaam require more explaining, but since this program is a very
short one I shall only identify them. Insha Allah we pray that this program
becomes a cause of motivating all of us to apply ourselves to learning more
about these Sihaam.

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Aayath Quality Description
Ten Qualities from Surah Taubah (9:111 - 112)
S Taubah Innallah Surely, Allah has bought their
(9:111) Hashtharaa minal lives and their wealth from the
Mu’mineena believers, in exchange of (a
Anfusahum Wa promise) that Paradise shall be
Amwaalahum bi theirs
anna lahumul
Jannah.

1 S Taubah Yu Qaathiloona Fi They fight in the way of Allah


(9:111) Sabeelillah

2 S Taubah Yu Qaathiloona Fi They fight in the way of Allah and


(9:111) Sabeelillah Fa kill and are killed
Yaqthuloona wa
yuqthaloon

3 S Taubah Thaa'iboona Those who repent


(9:111)
4 S Taubah Ghaabidhoona Those who worship
(9:111)
5 S Taubah Haamidhoona Those who praise
(9:111)
6 S Taubah Saa'ihoona Those who travel (in the Path of
(9:111) Allah)
7 S Taubah Raakioona Those who bow in Rukū‘,
(9:111)
8 S Taubah Saajidhoona Those who prostrate in sajdah
(9:111)
9 S Taubah Aamirrona bil Those who bid the Fair and forbid
(9:111) Ma'aroof wanna the Unfair
hoona anil Munkar

10 S Taubah Wa Haafidhlloona Those who preserve the limits


(9:111) li Hudhoodhillah prescribed by Allah

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Aayath Quality Description
Ten Qualities from Surah Ahzaab (33:35) – beginning Innal
Muslimeena wal Muslimaath
11 S Ahzaab Muslimeena wal Muslim men and Muslim women
(33:35) Muslimmaath

12 S Ahzaab Mu'mineena wal believing men and believing


(33:35) Mu'minaath women

13 S Ahzaab Qaanitheena wal devout men and devout women


(33:35) Qaanithaath

14 S Ahzaab Saadhiqeena was truthful men and truthful women


(33:35) Saadhiqaath

15 S Ahzaab Saabireena was patient men and patient women


(33:35) Saabiraath

16 S Ahzaab Khaashi'eena wal humble men and humble women


(33:35) Khaashi'aath

17 S Ahzaab Musaddiqeena wal and the men who give Sadaqah


(33:35) Musaddiqaath (charity) and the women who
give Sadaqah

18 S Ahzaab Saa'imeena was the men who fast and the women
(33:35) Saa'imaath who fast

19 S Ahzaab Haafidhleena and the men who guard their


(33:35) Furoojahum Wal private parts (against evil acts)
Haafidhlaath and the women who guard
(theirs)
20 S Ahzaab Zaakireenallaha and the men who remember
(33:35) Kaseeranw waz Allah much and the women who
Zaakiraath remember (Him)

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Aayath Quality Description
Six Qualities from Surah Mu'minoon (23:1 - 11)
21 S Mu'minoon Allazeena Hum fee who concentrate their attention
(23:1 - 11) Salaathihim in humbleness when offering
Khaashi'oon Salāh (prayers)
22 S Mu'minoon Wallazeena Hum who keep themselves away
(23:1 - 11) Anil Laghwee from vain things,
Mughridhloon
23 S Mu'minoon Wallazeena Hum Liz and who are performers of
(23:1 - 11) Zakaathi Faaghiloon Zakāh

24 S Mu'minoon Wallazeena Hum Li and who guard their private


(23:1 - 11) Furoojihim parts
Haafidhloon
25 S Mu'minoon Hum Li and (success is attained) by
(23:1 - 11) Amaanathihim those who honestly look after
Waghahdheehim their trusts and covenant
Raaghoon
26 S Mu'minoon Hum Alaa who consistently observe their
(23:1 - 11) Salawaathihim prayers
Yuhaafidhloon

Aayath Quality Description


Four Qualities from Surah Ma'arij (70:26 - 35)
27 S Ma'arij (70:26 - Wallazeena and those who believe in the
35) yusadhdhaqoona bi Day of Judgment as true
yaumidhdheen

28 S Ma'arij (70:26 - Wallazeena Hum and those who are fearful of


35) Min ghazaabi the torment of their Lord-
Rabbihim
Mushfiqoon
29 S Ma'arij (70:26 - Wallazeena Hum Li and those who are careful
35) Amaanaathihim wa about their trusts and
ghaHdhihim covenants
Raaghoon
30 S Ma'arij (70:26 - Wallazeena Hum and those who are upright in
35) bishahadhaathihim their testimonies
Qaa'imoon

31 S Ma'arij (70:26 - Wallazeena Hum and those who take due care of
35) ghalaa Salaathihim their Salāh
yu haafidhloon

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We pray that Allah Ta’ala gives us the desire, drive and opportunity to learn
and strive to bring those qualities into our lives which would qualify us to be
called by Allah Ta’ala by all these Sihaam – Ameen

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(9:111) Surely, Allah has bought their lives and their
‫سُهْم َوَأْمَواَلُهم‬ َ ‫ن َأنُف‬َ ‫ن اْلُمْؤِمِني‬ َ ‫شَتَر ٰى ِم‬ ْ ‫لـ‬َّ‫ن ا ا‬ّ ‫ِإ‬
wealth from the believers, in exchange of (a
promise) that Paradise shall be theirs. They fight in
َ ‫لـ َفَيْقُتُلو‬
‫ن‬ ِّ ‫ل ا‬ِ ‫سِبي‬
َ ‫ن ِفي‬ َ ‫جّنَة ۚۛۛۛ ُيَقاِتُلو‬َ ‫ن َلُهُم اْل‬ ّ ‫ِبَأ‬
the way of Allah, and kill and are killed, on which
there is a true promise (as made) in the Torah and
‫حّقا ِفي الّتْوَراِة‬ َ ‫عَلْيِه‬
َ ‫عًدا‬ ْ ‫نۖۛۛۛ َو‬ َ ‫َوُيْقَتُلو‬
the Injīl and the Qur’ān. And who can be more
faithful to his covenant than Allah? So, rejoice in the
‫لـ‬
ِّ ‫ن ا‬ َ ‫نَأْوَف ٰى ِبَعْهِدِه ِم‬ ْ ‫ن ۚۛۛۛ َوَم‬ ِ ‫ل َواْلُقْرآ‬ ِ ‫جي‬ ِ ‫لن‬ ِْ ‫َوا‬
deal you have made, and that is the great
achievement.
َ ٰ‫شُروا ِبَبْيِعُكُم اّلِذي َباَيْعُتم ِبِه ۚۛۛۛ َو ‌َٰذِل‬
‫ك‬ ِ ‫سَتْب‬ْ ‫ۚۛۛۛ َفا‬
﴾١١١﴿ ‫ظيُم‬ ِ ‫ُهَو اْلَفْوُز اْلَع‬
(9:112) (They are) those who repent, those who
worship, those who praise (Allah), those who
َ ‫حو‬
‫ن‬ ُ ‫ساِئ‬ّ ‫ن ال‬ َ ‫حاِمُدو‬ َ ‫ن اْل‬ َ ‫ن اْلَعاِبُدو‬ َ ‫الّتاِئُبو‬
journey (in Allah’s way), those who bow in Rukū‘,
those who prostrate in sajdah, those who bid the
ِ‫ن ِباْلَمْعُروف‬ َ ‫لِمُرو‬ ْ ‫نا‬َ ‫جُدو‬ ِ ‫سا‬ّ ‫ن ال‬ َ ‫الّراِكُعو‬
Fair and forbid the Unfair and those who preserve
the limits prescribed by Allah. And give the good
ۛۛۛۗ‫ل‬ ِّ ‫حُدوِد ا‬ ُ ‫ن ِل‬
َ ‫ظو‬ ُ ‫حاِف‬َ ‫ن اْلُمنَكِر َواْل‬ ِ‫ع‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫َوالّناُهو‬
news to the believers. ﴾١١٢﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫شِر اْلُمْؤِمِني‬ ّ ‫َوَب‬

Ten others have been recounted in Surah Ahzaab in the Verse No 35

َ‫ت َواْلُمْؤِمِنين‬ ِ ‫سِلَما‬ْ ‫ن َواْلُم‬ َ ‫سِلِمي‬


ْ ‫ن اْلُم‬ّ ‫ِإ‬
(33:35) Surely, Muslimmen and Muslimwomen,
believingmen and believing women, devout men َ ‫صاِدِقي‬
‫ن‬ ّ ‫ت َوال‬ ِ ‫ن َواْلَقاِنَتا‬َ ‫ت َواْلَقاِنِتي‬ِ ‫َواْلُمْؤِمَنا‬
and devout women, truthful men and truthful
women, patient men and patient women, humble ِ ‫صاِبَرا‬
‫ت‬ ّ ‫ن َوال‬ َ ‫صاِبِري‬ّ ‫ت َوال‬ ِ ‫صاِدَقا‬ّ ‫َوال‬
men and humble women, and the men who give
Sadaqah (charity) and the women who give َ ‫صّدِقي‬
‫ن‬ َ ‫ت َواْلُمَت‬ ِ ‫شَعا‬ ِ ‫خا‬َ ‫ن َواْل‬ َ ‫شِعي‬ِ ‫خا‬َ ‫َواْل‬
Sadaqah, and the men who fast and the women
who fast, and the men who guard their private parts ِ ‫صاِئَما‬
‫ت‬ ّ ‫ن َوال‬ َ ‫صاِئِمي‬ ّ ‫ت َوال‬ ِ ‫صّدَقا‬َ ‫َواْلُمَت‬
(against evil acts) and the women who guard
(theirs), and the men who remember Allah much ‫لـ‬
َّ ‫ن ا‬
َ ‫ت َوالّذاِكِري‬ ِ ‫ظا‬َ ‫حاِف‬َ ‫جُهْم َواْل‬ َ ‫ن ُفُرو‬ َ ‫ظي‬ِ ‫حاِف‬
َ ‫َواْل‬
and the women who remember (Him) - for them,
Allah has prepared forgiveness and a great reward. ‫ل َلُهم ّمْغِفَرًة َوَأجًْرا‬ ُّ ‫عّد ا‬َ ‫ت َأ‬
ِ ‫َكِثيًرا َوالّذاِكَرا‬
﴾٣٥﴿ ‫ظيًما‬ ِ‫ع‬ َ

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Six more have been described in the opening Ayath of Surah Al Mu’minoon,
verses numbers 1 – 11

(23:1) Success is really attained by the believers ﴾١﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ح اْلُمْؤِمُنو‬َ ‫َقْد َأْفَل‬
(23:2) who concentrate their attention in
humbleness when offeringSalāh (prayers) ﴾٢﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫شُعو‬ ِ ‫خا‬َ ‫لِتِهْم‬ َ ‫ص‬ َ ‫ن ُهْم ِفي‬ َ ‫اّلِذي‬
(23:3) and who keep themselves away fromvain
things, ﴾٣﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ضو‬ ُ ‫ن الّلْغِو ُمْعِر‬ ِ‫ع‬ َ ‫ن ُهْم‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(23:4) and who are performers of Zakāh , ﴾٤﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫عُلو‬ ِ ‫ن ُهْم ِللّزَكاِة َفا‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(23:5) and who guard their private parts ﴾٥﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ظو‬ ُ ‫حاِف‬ َ ‫جِهْم‬ ِ ‫ن ُهْم ِلُفُرو‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(23:6) except fromtheir wives or fromthose
(bondwomen who are) owned by their hands, as
‫ت َأْيَماُنُهْم َفِإّنُهْم‬
ْ ‫جِهْم َأْو َما َمَلَك‬ ِ ‫عَل ٰى َأْزَوا‬ َ‫ل‬ ّ ‫ِإ‬
they are not to be blamed. ﴾٦﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫غْيُر َمُلوِمي‬ َ
(23:7) However, those who seek (sexual pleasure)
beyond that are the transgressors ﴾٧﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ك ُهُم اْلَعاُدو‬ َ ‫ك َفُأوَل ٰـِئ‬َ ٰٰ
‫نْبَتَغ ٰى َوَراَء ‌َذِل‬ ِ‫َفَم ا‬
(23:8) - and (success is attained) by those who
honestly look after their trusts and covenant, ﴾٨﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫عو‬ ُ ‫عْهِدِهْم َرا‬ َ ‫لَماَناِتِهْم َو‬ َِ ‫ن ُهْم‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(23:9) and who consistently observe their prayers. ﴾٩﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ظو‬ ُ ‫حاِف‬ َ ‫صَلَواِتِهْم ُي‬ َ ‫عَل ٰى‬ َ ‫ن ُهْم‬َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(23:10) Those are the inheritors ﴾١٠﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ك ُهُم اْلَواِرُثو‬ َ ‫ُأوَل ٰـِئ‬
(23:11) who will inherit Firdaus (the Paradise). They
will be there forever. ﴾١١﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫خاِلُدو‬ َ ‫س ُهْم ِفيَها‬ َ ‫ن اْلِفْرَدْو‬ َ ‫ن َيِرُثو‬َ ‫اّلِذي‬

The description of four others occurs in Surah Ma’arij in the Ayath No’s 26 -
35

(70:26) and those who believe in the Day of


Judgment as true, ﴾٢٦﴿ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ن ِبَيْوِم الّدي‬ َ ‫صّدُقو‬ َ ‫ن ُي‬َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(70:27) and those who are fearful of the torment of
their Lord- ﴾٢٧﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫شِفُقو‬ ْ ‫ب َرّبِهم ّم‬ ِ ‫عَذا‬ َ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫ن ُهم ّم‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(70:28) -Indeed the torment of their Lord is not
somethingto be fearless from.- ﴾٢٨﴿ ‫ن‬ ٍ ‫غْيُر َمْأُمو‬ َ ‫ب َرّبِهْم‬ َ ‫عَذا‬
َ ‫ن‬ ّ ‫ِإ‬
(70:29) and those who guard their private parts, ﴾٢٩﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ظو‬ ُ ‫حاِف‬ َ ‫جِهْم‬ ِ ‫ن ُهْم ِلُفُرو‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(70:30) except fromtheir wives and those (slave-
girls) owned by their hands,- because they are not to
‫ت َأْيَماُنُهْم َفِإّنُهْم‬
ْ ‫جِهْم َأْو َما َمَلَك‬ ِ ‫عَل ٰى َأْزَوا‬ َ‫ل‬ ّ ‫ِإ‬
be blamed, ﴾٣٠﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫غْيُر َمُلوِمي‬ َ
(70:31) but the one who seeks (sexual gratification)
beyond that, then such people are the
َ ‫ك ُهُم اْلَعاُدو‬
‫ن‬ َ ‫ك َفُأوَل ٰـِئ‬
َ ٰٰ
‫نْبَتَغ ٰى َوَراَء ‌َذِل‬ ِ‫َفَم ا‬
transgressors,- ﴾٣١﴿
(70:32) and those who are careful about their trusts
and covenants, ﴾٣٢﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫عو‬ ُ ‫عْهِدِهْم َرا‬ َ ‫لَماَناِتِهْم َو‬ َِ ‫ن ُهْم‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(70:33) and those who are upright in their
testimonies, ﴾٣٣﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫شَهاَداِتِهْم َقاِئُمو‬ َ ‫ن ُهم ِب‬ َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(70:34) and those who take due care of their Salāh . ﴾٣٤﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ظو‬ ُ ‫حاِف‬َ ‫لِتِهْم ُي‬ َ ‫ص‬َ ‫عَل ٰى‬ َ ‫ن ُهْم‬
َ ‫َواّلِذي‬
(70:35) Those will be honoured in gardens (of
Jannah ). ﴾٣٥﴿ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ت ّمْكَرُمو‬ ٍ ‫جّنا‬َ ‫ك ِفي‬ َ ‫ُأوَل ٰـِئ‬

Put together, these make thirty in all.

10
Whosoever meets his Lord (On the day of Judgement), after having fulfilled
one of these obligations, will be deemed to have practised one thirtieth part
of Islam.

11