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The Soybean Processors Association of India

Scheme No. 53, Near Malviya Nagar


A. B. Road, Indore - 452 008 (M.P.)
Phones: 2556530-33 Fax : 4004300
E-Mail : sopa@sopa.org

Ref.: SOPA/2.11/ JSP/2010/30


Dated : 30th September, 2010
All Members,

AREA & PRODUCTION ESTIMATES OF SOYBEAN IN INDIA


KHARIF (MONSOON) 2010
(Based on crop survey conducted by SOPA – September 15 to 27, 2010)

Dear Sir,
A report on the subject under reference is given below for your kind information.
Thanking you,
Very truly yours,
The Soybean Processors Association of India,

Prem Agrawal Girish Matlani Ramesh Chand Agrawal


Convenor (SDP) Hon. Secretary Chairman

AREA & PRODUCTION ESTIMATES OF SOYBEAN IN INDIA


KHARIF (MONSOON) 2010
(Based on crop survey conducted by SOPA – September 15 to 27, 2010)
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

To assess the reliable estimates of national productivity and production of soybean in India
during 2010, SOPA conducted soybean crop survey in major states of the country from
September 15 to 27, 2010. Relevant data was generated on various yield attributes to compute
realistic productivity of soybean and production estimates of this crop.

As reported by the Department of Agriculture of different states in India, during 2010, national
acreage under soybean cultivation slightly decreased to 93.033 lakh hectares from 96.709 lakh
hectares in 2009. However, inspite of late monsoon, subsequent good rains and favaurable
weather conditions resulted in better national productivity. The estimated yield is 1089 Kg/Ha.
against 1006 Kg/Ha. in 2009. Accordingly, the estimated national production of soybean
during this year (2010) would be to 101.283 lakh MT compared to that of 97.246 lakh MT during
2009 resulting in 4.15% growth.

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Table 1 : ALL INDIA STATE WISE AREA, YIELD & PRODUCTION OF SOYBEAN
DURING
KHARIF(MONSOON) 2008, 2009 &, 2010
Area in Lakh Ha. , Yield in Kg per Ha. , Production i n Lakh MT.
2008 Kharif 2009 Kharif 2010 Kharif
Area Yield Produc- Area Yield Produc- Area Yield Produc-
Name of State
per Ha. tion per Ha. tion per Ha. tion
Madhya Pradesh 51.434 1010 51.948 52.985 1040 55.084 55.193 1105 60.987
Maharashtra 30.684 925 28.383 30.320 982 29.774 26.030 1058 27.543
Rajasthan 8.524 860 7.331 7.094 859 6.094 6.920 1103 7.633
Andhra Pradesh 1.500 1040 1.560 1.810 1050 1.901 1.410 1075 1.516
Karnataka 1.990 1015 2.020 2.310 1025 2.368 1.800 1025 1.845
Chattisgarh 1.210 875 1.059 1.290 925 1.193 1.490 1050 1.565
Rest of India 0.900 865 0.779 0.900 925 0.833 0.190 1020 0.194
G.Total 96.242 967 93.079 96.709 1006 97.246 93.033 1089 101.283

Objective & Methodology of Survey :


For appraising reliable estimates of soybean production in India during Kharif (monsoon) 2010, SOPA
conducted Soybean Crop Survey (September15-27, 2010) in three major states (M.P., Maharashtra and
Rajasthan). Final area coverage under soybean in different states was obtained from the respective State
Departments of Agriculture.
The survey of soybean crop was conducted for assessing (a) rainfall pattern (b) crop development (c) pod
formation (d) yield per hectare (e) production estimate of the crop in the different districts of the above
states.
Two teams were constituted for the purpose which visited the farmers’ field in different locations. The team
comprised of our Manager/Assistant Manager (SDP), field assistants and one representative each from
Geochem Laboratories Pvt. Ltd and QSS Pvt. Ltd.
Data on plant population, number of pods per plant and number of seeds per pod were colleted from plot
of 1 sqm each in randomly selected 199 plots in Madhya Pradesh, 77 plots in Maharashtra and 42 plots in
Rajasthan. Estimated yield per hectare was computed with the help of standard formula used for the
purpose.
Damages if any, caused due to insects and disease infestation as well as maturity status of the crop was
also recorded. For the purpose, an exhaustive proforma was developed. The summarized data depicting
the soybean crop performance during the year under report is presented in tables 1 to 4.
MADHYA PRADESH :
Nearly 30% sowing took place during June. Good rains were received during first week of July resulting in
fast increase in sowing all over. The entire sowing was completed by third week of July.
The germination by and large was good and the vegetative growth was excellent.
Very minor incidences of insect attack/disease were seen. In most fields weed management was good.
Minor incidences of pest were reported. However, it was controlled by timely spraying of insecticides.
Bhopal, Raisen, Vidisha, Sehore, Shajapur and Bundelkhand region suffered due to scanty rains. The
grain size will be smaller and productivity is likely to be affected.
Early varieties have matured and harvesting has already commenced in few districts which will pick up in
next two weeks and likely to get completed by 15th October, 2010.
It will not be out of the place to mention that in Madhya Pradesh, impact of extension efforts were clearly
visible. By and large farmers had adopted most of the appropriate technology of soybean production in
general and weed management and plant protection measures in particular.
Production Estimates :
The estimated yield per hectare is 1105 Kg. and total production of soybean would be around 60.987 lakh
MT.

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Table 2 : DIVISION & DISTRICT WISE AREA, YIELD & PRODUCTION OF SOYBEAN
DURING
KHARIF(MONSOON) 2008, 2009 &, 2010 IN MADHYA PRADESH
Madhya Pradesh Area in Lakh Ha. , Yield in Kg per Ha. , Production in Lakh MT.
2008 Kharif 2009 Kharif 2010 Kharif
Division/District Area Yield per Production Area Yield per Production Sown Yield Production
Ha. Ha. Area per Ha.
Ujjain 4.400 1050 4.620 4.419 1275 5.634 4.435 1246 5.526
Mandsour 2.640 1010 2.666 2.615 960 2.510 2.580 1097 2.830
Neemuch 1.230 1020 1.255 1.238 940 1.164 1.250 1191 1.489
Ratlam 2.130 1075 2.290 2.168 1015 2.201 2.046 1226 2.508
Dewas 2.950 1090 3.216 2.988 1180 3.526 3.181 1170 3.722
Shajapur 3.320 1020 3.386 3.303 980 3.237 3.390 1002 3.397
Total Division 16.670 1046 17.433 16.731 1092 18.272 16.882 1153 19.472
Bhopal Division
Bhopal 0.920 1020 0.938 0.931 1195 1.113 0.990 1030 1.020
Sehore 2.470 995 2.458 3.088 995 3.073 3.089 1073 3.314
Raisen 1.315 975 1.282 1.365 910 1.242 1.776 1033 1.835
Vidisha 1.718 980 1.684 1.683 1090 1.834 2.210 1124 2.484
Rajgarh 2.820 950 2.679 2.918 845 2.466 2.969 1027 3.049
Total Division 9.243 978 9.041 9.985 974 9.727 11.034 1061 11.702
Hoshangabad Division
Betul 1.900 960 1.824 1.910 950 1.815 1.960 1015 1.989
Hoshangabad 1.950 975 1.901 1.956 965 1.888 2.006 1271 2.550
Harda 1.640 1050 1.722 1.650 1125 1.856 1.665 1116 1.858
Total Division 5.490 992 5.447 5.516 1008 5.558 5.631 1136 6.397
Indore Division
Indore 2.226 1050 2.337 2.248 1355 3.046 2.265 1143 2.589
Dhar 2.389 1100 2.628 2.530 1345 3.403 2.560 1057 2.706
Jhabua 0.477 980 0.467 0.532 950 0.505 0.510 1020 0.520
Alirajpur 0.065 975 0.063 0.109 950 0.104 0.131 1045 0.137
Khargone 0.616 980 0.604 0.636 975 0.620 0.557 1148 0.639
Badwani 0.316 990 0.313 0.350 950 0.333 0.319 1100 0.351
Khandwa 1.384 1010 1.398 1.399 1250 1.749 1.456 1171 1.705
Burahanpur 0.153 1100 0.168 0.149 1150 0.171 0.151 1145 0.173
Total Division 7.626 1046 7.979 7.953 1249 9.931 7.949 1110 8.820
Jabalpur Division
Jabalpur 0.035 950 0.033 0.045 925 0.042 0.048 1019 0.049
Katni 0.015 975 0.015 0.013 920 0.012 0.016 1040 0.017
Balaghat 0.010 980 0.010 0.010 915 0.009 0.300 1200 0.360
Chhindwara 1.723 950 1.637 1.681 1085 1.824 1.660 1092 1.813
Mandla 0.013 980 0.013 0.021 925 0.019 0.025 905 0.023
Seoni 1.083 960 1.040 1.015 970 0.985 1.086 1150 1.249
Narsinghpur 0.967 950 0.919 0.978 940 0.919 0.994 1013 1.007
Total Division 3.846 953 3.666 3.763 1012 3.810 4.129 1094 4.517
Sagar Division
Sagar 2.549 980 2.498 3.129 825 2.581 3.151 1072 3.378
Damoh 0.526 975 0.513 0.521 925 0.482 0.551 1017 0.560
Panna 0.046 990 0.046 0.098 925 0.091 0.140 975 0.137
Tikamgarh 0.240 980 0.235 0.344 910 0.313 0.410 1045 0.428
Chattarpur 0.260 990 0.257 0.389 915 0.356 0.335 1130 0.379
Total Division 3.621 980 3.549 4.481 853 3.823 4.587 1064 4.882
Gwalior Division
Gwalior 0.019 950 0.018 0.018 925 0.017 0.010 850 0.009
Shivpuri 0.932 975 0.909 0.697 880 0.613 0.950 1041 0.989
Guna 1.826 980 1.789 1.874 815 1.527 1.930 1070 2.065
Ashoknagar 0.805 990 0.797 0.947 925 0.876 0.923 1073 0.990
Datia 0.010 975 0.010 0.005 900 0.005 0.001 925 0.001
Morena 0.002 980 0.002 0.001 910 0.001 0.004 920 0.004
Sheopur Kalan 0.135 975 0.132 0.010 925 0.009 0.140 1020 0.143
Bhind 0.002 980 0.002 0.001 915 0.001 0.000 0 0.000
Total Division 3.731 981 3.658 3.553 858 3.049 3.958 1061 4.200
Rewa Divison
Rewa 0.380 965 0.367 0.282 900 0.254 0.383 950 0.364
Sidhi 0.023 975 0.022 0.035 875 0.031 0.020 940 0.019
Satna 0.640 980 0.627 0.415 915 0.380 0.393 975 0.383
Singhroli 0.005 975 0.005 0.005 900 0.005 0.002 1010 0.002
Shahdol 0.070 975 0.068 0.091 925 0.084 0.096 1020 0.098
Anooppur 0.018 980 0.018 0.029 940 0.027 0.035 950 0.033
Umaria 0.006 960 0.006 0.090 915 0.082 0.014 1020 0.014
Dindori 0.065 960 0.062 0.056 925 0.052 0.080 1050 0.084
Total Division 1.207 974 1.175 1.003 912 0.914 1.023 975 0.997
G.Total M.P. 51.434 1010 51.948 52.985 1040 55.084 55.193 1105 60.987

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MAHARASHTRA :

Monsoon and wether were largely favourable this year against draught condition last year.
Germination, vegetative growth, flowering, podding etc. have been very good all over. No major
attack of insect pests and disease were observed. Largelly, JS-335 variety was sown.
Nagpur, Vardha, Chandrapur, Hinguli and Wasim had higher rains which resulted into weeds and
the productivity is likely to take a hit.
Production Estimates :

During Kharif 2010, the area sown under soybean is 26.030 lakh hectare which is 14% lower
than Kharif 2009 (30.320 lakh ha).
The entire sowing was completed prior to June end.
The estimated yield per hectare is 1058 kg and total production would be 27.543 Lakh MT. Drop
in production is largely attributed to reduction in sowing area.
Table 3 : DIVISION & DISTRICT WISE AREA, YIELD & PRODUCTION OF SOYBEAN
DURING
KHARIF(MONSOON) 2008, 2009 &, 2010 IN MAHARASHTRA
Maharashtra Area in Lakh Ha. , Yield in Kg per Ha. , Production in Lakh MT.
2008 Kharif 2009 Kharif 2010 Kharif
Division/Distri Area Yield Producti Area Yield Producti Sown Yield Productio
ct per Ha. on per Ha. on Area per Ha. n
Amravati Div.
Amravati 3.727 910 3.392 3.101 930 2.884 2.677 1046 2.800
Yavatmal 3.142 940 2.953 2.753 935 2.574 1.873 1050 1.967
Akola 1.382 910 1.258 1.586 1070 1.697 1.318 1022 1.347
Washim 2.291 920 2.108 2.498 1215 3.035 2.082 1050 2.186
Buldhana 2.364 925 2.187 2.434 960 2.337 2.229 1124 2.505
Total Division 12.906 922 11.897 12.372 1013 12.527 10.179 1062 10.805
Nagpur Division
Nagpur 3.055 910 2.780 2.847 1005 2.861 2.420 1069 2.587
Wardha 2.539 925 2.349 1.748 999 1.746 1.369 1031 1.411
Chandrapur 1.837 900 1.653 1.794 930 1.668 1.419 1023 1.452
Bhandara 0.084 900 0.076 0.096 925 0.089 0.078 1050 0.082
Gadchiroli 0.096 925 0.089 0.092 900 0.083 0.044 1025 0.045
Gondia 0.001 925 0.001 0.002 910 0.002 0.000 0 0.000
Total Division 7.612 913 6.947 6.579 980 6.449 5.33 1046 5.577
Latoor Division
Latur 2.129 900 1.916 2.278 975 2.221 1.915 1020 1.953
Usmanabad 0.250 910 0.228 0.669 980 0.656 0.665 1100 0.732
Parbhani 0.740 940 0.696 0.918 1245 1.143 0.820 1085 0.890
Hingoli 1.299 925 1.202 1.316 1000 1.316 1.534 1030 1.580
Nanded 1.632 915 1.493 1.743 975 1.699 1.377 1077 1.483
Total Division 6.050 915 5.534 6.924 1016 7.035 6.311 1052 6.638
Nasik Division
Nasik 0.402 925 0.372 0.478 950 0.454 0.466 1020 0.475
Jalgaon 0.182 915 0.167 0.159 960 0.153 0.122 1015 0.124
Dhulia 0.180 900 0.162 0.258 975 0.252 0.156 1010 0.158
Nandurwar 0.287 925 0.265 0.301 970 0.292 0.297 1020 0.303
Total Division 1.051 919 0.966 1.196 962 1.150 1.041 1018 1.060
Pune Division
Pune 0.024 920 0.022 0.094 980 0.092 0.033 1050 0.035
Ahmednagar 0.574 925 0.531 0.582 975 0.567 0.475 1020 0.485
Solapur 0.027 910 0.025 0.049 980 0.048 0.040 1075 0.043
Total Division 0.625 924 0.578 0.725 976 0.708 0.548 1026 0.562
Aurangabad Div.
Aurangabad 0.062 900 0.056 0.096 970 0.093 0.087 1020 0.089
Jalna 0.370 910 0.337 0.288 980 0.282 0.465 1025 0.477
Beed 0.587 915 0.537 0.654 975 0.638 0.610 1050 0.641
Total Division 1.019 912 0.930 1.038 976 1.013 1.162 1038 1.206
Kolhapur Division
Kolhapur 0.587 1100 0.646 0.578 1350 0.347 0.479 1150 0.551
Sangli 0.546 1140 0.622 0.554 1500 0.332 0.570 1210 0.690
Satara 0.288 915 0.264 0.354 1450 0.212 0.410 1110 0.455
Total Division 1.421 1078 1.532 1.486 600 0.892 1.459 1162 1.696
G.Total. M.S. 30.684 925 28.383 30.320 982 29.774 26.030 1058 27.543

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RAJASTHAN :

During Kharif 2010, area sown under soybean is 6.920 lakh hectare which is almost at par with Kharif
2009 (7.094 lakh ha). Entire region under soya cultivation received normal rains and the weather
conditions were very favourable all through. The sowing was completed by mid July.
No attack of insects, disease were seen.
Production Estimates :
The estimated yield per hectare is 1103 kg. The total production would be 7.633 lakh MT against
6.094 lakh MT during 2009 thereby registering a growth of 24.5%.

Table 4 : DIVISION & DISTRICT WISE AREA, YIELD & PRODUCTION OF SOYBEAN
DURING
KHARIF(MONSOON) 2008, 2009 &, 2010 IN RAJASTHAN
Rajasthan Area in Lakh Ha. , Yield in Kg per Ha. , Production in Lakh MT.
2008 Kharif 2009 Kharif 2010 Kharif
Division/Distr Area Yield Product Area Yield Product Sown Yield Product
ict per Ha. ion per Ha. ion Area per Ha. ion
Kota Division
Kota CAD 1.000 890 0.890 0.954 880 0.840 0.740 1221 0.904
Kota NCAD 0.480 825 0.396 0.369 875 0.323 0.36 1150 0.414
Bundi CAD 0.500 880 0.440 0.397 900 0.357 0.410 1010 0.414
Bundi NCAD 0.256 825 0.211 0.171 875 0.150 0.270 950 0.257
Baran CAD 0.500 875 0.438 0.395 815 0.322 0.340 1182 0.402
Baran NCAD 1.574 815 1.283 1.012 800 0.810 1.380 1125 1.553
Sawai Modhopur 0.016 825 0.013 0.010 850 0.009 0.030 900 0.027
Jhalawar 2.350 890 2.092 2.165 863 1.868 2.030 1100 2.233
Total Division 6.676 863 5.762 5.473 855 4.678 5.560 1116 6.203
Udaipur Div.
Dungarpur 0.002 850 0.002 0.001 830 0.001 0.001 900 0.001
Udaipur 0.055 825 0.045 0.001 825 0.001 0.030 900 0.027
Banswara 0.255 815 0.208 0.145 815 0.118 0.137 900 0.123
Total Division 0.312 817 0.255 0.147 815 0.120 0.168 900 0.151
Bhilwara Divi.
Pratapgarh 0.978 870 0.851 0.906 917 0.831 0.87 1092 0.950
Chittor 0.530 830 0.440 0.530 820 0.435 0.280 1041 0.291
Bhilwara 0.027 830 0.022 0.037 810 0.030 0.023 900 0.021
Rajsamund 0.001 825 0.001 0.001 800 0.001 0.019 900 0.017
Total Division 1.536 855 1.314 1.474 879 1.296 1.192 1073 1.279
Total Rajasthan 8.524 860 7.331 7.094 859 6.094 6.920 1103 7.633

OTHER STATES :
The field data on area sown, germination, vegetative growth, flowering, podding and yield for
Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Chattisgarh and other states were collected from the Directorate of
Agriculture of the respective states.
All these states put together had at 4.90 lakh ha of soybean under cultivation resulting in 5.16
lakh MT of production with an average yield of 1053 kg per ha.
Note : 1. There may be 3 to 5% deviation in productivity and production due to variation in
agro-eco-situation.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Cooperation and help extended by the farmers of various states to enable crop survey in their
soybean fields is thankfully acknowledged. Cooperation from the department of agriculture of various
states is sincerely acknowledged.
Sincere thanks are also expressed to Geochem Laboratories Pvt. Ltd and. QSS Pvt. Ltd. for making
their representatives available for conducting the survey.
Appreciation and thanks to one & all who helped and extended cooperation for soybean crop survey
and in preparation of this report.