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Code :R7410409 1

IV B.Tech I Semester(R07)Regular Examinations, November/December 2010


SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. Explain the function of each element of a Mobile Satellite Service (MSS)

2. (a) Prove that the smallest value that the inclination angle can have is equal to the latitude
of a launch site in the plane of the orbit.
(b) A satellite is in a circular equatorial orbit at an attitude of 10,000 km from earth’s surface.
Determine the maximum eclipse time in a day during the full eclipse period.

3. Explain how attitude and orbit control is achieved from an earth station.

4. (a) Calculate the CNR at the satellite whose uplink frequency is 1404 MHZ and saturated
flux density is −88dbw/m2 with a G/T ratio of 2db/k 0 .
(b) Give the reasons for difference in uplink and down link frequencies.

5. What is TDMA? Explain TDMA frame structure. List out the advantages of TDMA frame
and explain.

6. (a) Explain different tracking techniques used in tracking satellite with a large antenna.
(b) Discuss the design considerations of large antennas.

7. Explain the following

(a) Traffic distribution and coverage


(b) Satellite capacity
(c) State of space craft.

8. Explain in detail about GPS position location principles.

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Code :R7410409 2
IV B.Tech I Semester(R07)Regular Examinations, November/December 2010
SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. Write a detailed summary about the satellite communication during 20th and 21st century.

2. (a) What is transfer orbit and how is the orbit correction for the launch of satellite at latitude
other than equator is obtained.
(b) How satellite is placed into geostationary orbit from earth? Explain.

3. (a) List the various satellite sub systems and state their purpose and principal parameter that
characterize them.
(b) What is spin stabilization? Why is it necessary? Explain various effects that is to be
avoided and its remedial solution.

4. (a) Define noise figure. How the noise figure can be converted into noise temperature?
(b) An amplifier has quoted a noise figure of 2.5 db. What is its equivalent noise temperature.
(c) What is figure of merit? How is it related C/N ratio.

5. (a) Distinguish between bandwidth limited and power limited operation as applied to an
FDMA network.
(b) Write short notes on CDMA

6. (a) What are various feed systems employed for large cassegrain antennas? Explain them
clearly.
(b) How do you select site for earth station? Explain.

7. In NGSO, give some examples of systems and explain about each one of them

8. Write short notes an

(a) Satellite signal acquisition


(b) GPS signal levels.

?????
Code :R7410409 3
IV B.Tech I Semester(R07)Regular Examinations, November/December 2010
SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. List the various advantages and disadvantages of satellite communication. Explain various
reasons for preferring satellites than optical fibers which are providing very high bandwidth.

2. (a) What are the various orbits in which a satellite can exist? Discuss.
(b) Explain how the solar eclipse affect the working of a communication satellite.

3. (a) What is telemetry? Explain in detail its requirement and analyse it.
(b) Explain the way by which various parameters in and around the satellite are measured
using telemetry.

4. Explain in detail about (6/4) GHz communication subsystem.

5. (a) Describe the multiple access information flow with suitable block diagram.
(b) Compare the performance of TDMA and FDMA

6. Explain to why it is necessary to have coordination among earth stations themselves and earth
station terrestrial microwave link. Discuss the techniques to achieve them.

7. Explain the following

(a) Orbit consideration


(b) System consideration

8. Explain about the GPS receiver operation.

?????
Code :R7410409 4
IV B.Tech I Semester(R07)Regular Examinations, November/December 2010
SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Mention the important milestones in the development of satellite communication


(b) List out the various applications of satellite communication.

2. Discuss in detail the effects of earth gravitational force on satellite.

3. (a) Draw the block diagram of typical onboard control system for a spinner satellite and
explain its operation.
(b) List the major space craft sub systems and explain the function of each.

4. (a) Derive the equation for the power received by an earth station from a satellite transmitter.
(b) A satellite located in geosynchronous orbit 38,000 km from an earth station operates at a
frequency of 4GHz and radiates a power of 5W from an antenna with a gain of 10db in
the direction of the earth station. Find the received power, if the receiving antenna has a
gain of 52.3db.

5. Explain the frequency division multiple access of satellite system with one example.

6. What is meant by tracking and pointing? Explain its significance and the techniques as to how
these are achieved.

7. Explain the following with respect to low earth orbit and gas stationary satellite systems.

(a) Coverage and frequency considerations


(b) Delay and through put considerations.

8. (a) What is HPA? What are the types of HPAs? Compare these types.
(b) Write short notes on differential GPS.

?????