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MODERN PHILOSOPHY

Course Outline

I. The Age of Rebirth: Introduction to the Renaissance Period

A. Characteristics of the Renaissance


1. Rediscovery of Classical Literature and Art
2. Curiosity and Objectivity
3. Individualism

II. Renaissance Philosophy: The Transition from Medieval to Modern Philosophy

A. Humanism
1. Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) [b.1304-d.1374]
2. Marsilio Ficino [b.1433-d.1499]
3. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola [b.1463-d.1494]
4. Desiderius Erasmus [b.1466-d.1536]
5. Giordano Bruno [b.1548-d.1600]
6. Sir Francis Bacon [b.1561-d.1626]

B. Natural Science
1. Nicolaus Copernicus [b.1473-d.1543]
2. Galileo Galilei [b.1564-d. 1642]
3. Johannes Kepler [b.1571-d.1630]
4. Sir Isaac Newton [b.1642-d.1727]

C. Political and Social Theory


1. Niccolò Machiavelli [b.1469-d.1527]
2. Sir Thomas More [b.1478-d.1535]
3. Giovanni Domenico Campanella (Tommaso Campanella) [b.1568-d.1639]
4. Thomas Hobbes [b.1588-d.1679]

D. Skepticism
1. Gianfrancesco Pico della Mirandola [b.1469-d.1533]
2. Michel Eyquem de Montaigne [b.1533-d.1592]
3. Pierre Charron [b.1541-d.1603]
4. Francisco Sanches [b.1550-d.1623]

III. Early Modern Philosophy I: Rationalism, Cartesianism, and Empiricism

A. Rationalism
1. René Descartes [b.1596-d.1650]
2. Benedict de Spinoza [b.1632-d.1677]
3. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz [b.1646-d.1716]
B. Cartesianism
1. Blaise Pascal [b.1623-d.1662]
2. Arnold Geulincx [b.1625-d.1669]
3. Nicolas Malebranche [b.1638-d.1715]

C. Empiricism
1. John Locke [b.1632-d.1704]
2. George Berkeley [b.1685-d.1753]
3. David Hume [b.1711-d.1776]

IV. Early Modern Philosophy II: Enlightenment Philosophy

A. The French Enlightenment


1. François Marie Arouet (Voltaire) [b.1694-d.1778]
2. Jean Jacques Rousseau [b.1712-d.1778]
3. Denis Diderot [b.1713-d.1784]

B. The Scottish Enlightenment


1. Francis Hutcheson [b.1694-d.1746]
2. Thomas Reid [b.1710-d.1796]
3. Adam Smith [b.1723-d.1790]

C. The German Enlightenment


1. Christian Thomasius [b.1655-d.1728]
2. Christian von Wolff [b.1679-d.1754]
3. Moses Mendelssohn [b.1729-d.1786]

V. Late Modern Philosophy I: Critical Philosophy, Romanticism, and German Idealism

A. Critical Philosophy
1. Immanuel Kant [b.1724-d.1804]

B. Romanticism
1. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe [b.1749-d.1832]
2. Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller [b.1759-d.1805]

C. German Idealism
1. Johann Gottlieb Fichte [b.1762-d.1814]
2. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel [b.1770-d.1831]
3. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling [b. 1775-d.1854]
4. Arthur Schopenhauer [b.1788-d.1860]
VI. Late Modern Philosophy II: Nineteenth-Century Philosophies

A. Classical Positivism
1. Auguste Comte [b.1798-d.1857]

B. Dialectical Materialism
1. Karl Heinrich Marx [b.1818-d.1883]

C. Utilitarianism
1. Jeremy Bentham [b.1748-d.1832]
2. John Stuart Mill [b.1806-d.1873]

D. Philosophies of Existence
1. Søren Aabye Kierkegaard [b.1813-d.1855]
2. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche [b.1844-d.1900]

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Brown, Stuart, ed. British Philosophy and the Age of Enlightenment. Vol. 5, Routledge History of
Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1996.

Copleston, Frederick, S.J. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 3, Late Medieval and Renaissance
Philosophy. New York: Image Books, 1953.

________. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 4, Modern Philosophy: From Descartes to Leibniz.


New York: Image Books, 1960.

________. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 5, Modern Philosophy: The British Philosophers from
Hobbes to Hume. New York: Image Books, 1959.

________. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 6, Modern Philosophy: From the French


Enlightenment to Kant. New York: Image Books, 1960.

________. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 6, Modern Philosophy: Part II, Kant. New York: Image
Books, 1960.

________. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 7, Modern Philosophy: From the Post-Kantian


Idealists to Marx, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche. New York: Image Books, 1963.

________. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 8, Modern Philosophy: Empiricism, Idealism, and


Pragmatism in Britain and America. New York: Image Books, 1966.
________. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 9, Modern Philosophy: From the French Revolution to
Sartre, Camus, and Levi-Strauss. New York: Image Books, 1974.

Kenny, Anthony. A New History of Western Philosophy. Vol. 3, The Rise of Modern Philosophy.
New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

________. A New History of Western Philosophy. Vol. 4, Philosophy in the Modern World. New
York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Melchert, Norman. The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy.


Mountainview, CA: Mayfield Publishing, 2002.

Parkinson, G.H.R., ed. The Renaissance and Seventeenth-century Rationalism. Vol. 4, Routledge
History of Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1993.

Russell, Bertrand. The History of Western Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1945.

Sahakian, William S. History of Philosophy. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1968.

Solomon, Robert C. and Kathleen M. Higgins, eds. The Age of German Idealism. Vol. 6,
Routledge History of Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1993.

Stumpf, Samuel Enoch and James Fieser. Socrates to Sartre and Beyond: A History of
Philosophy, 8th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008.

Ten, C.L., ed. The Nineteenth Century. Vol. 7, Routledge History of Philosophy. London:
Routledge, 1994.

Windelband, Wilhelm. A History of Philosophy. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1901.

Prepared by:

ALEXIS DEODATO S. ITAO, M.A.

2nd Semester, AY 2010-2011


Rogationist Seminary College-Cebu
Punta Princesa, Cebu City 6000