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THE FdlR F0LR 50
TH~ S!DH~ 52
TH~ FA~J<!~ PJ<!NC~SS 54
WAT~J< FA~J<!~S 55
SYl.VAN FA~J<!~S 57
FAUNS 59
GOBL..!NS 60
SCOUT 61
CJ<~~P~J< 61
BJ<UT~S 62
TH~ DWAJ<J<OW 64
G!ANTS 66
TJ<OL..L..S 6B
OGJ<~S 69 a.HCI€HT B€a.STS 70
!NTJ<ODUC!NG AN!MAL..S 72
WOODL..AND CJ<!TT~J<S 74
F~L..!N~S 76
CAN!N~S 7B
HOJ<S~S BO
TH~ HOJ<S~ !N ACT!ON B2
HOJ<SING AROUND B5
DJ<AGON5 B6
TH~ DJ<AGON WAL..K BB
OJ<AGON FL..!GHT 90
dFT€RW0RD 92
INO~X 94
-07- once upeN e, TINe ...

"FANTASY" CONJUR~S UP IMAG~S OF KNIGHTS, SWORDS, AND DRAGONS, AS IN TH~ CL.ASSIC MYTH -sr. G~ORG~ AND j'H~ DRAGON."

MONSTeR'S lAIR - ISOlAT&17 MOtlNTAIN C4V&

H&ROWANI7&RlNG AI7V&NTtlR£R er. G&ORG&

W&APON - IRONSWORI7

TH~ SP~CIFIC D~TAIL.S OF TH~S~ MYTHS - TH~ CHARACT~RS, PROPS, AND S~TIINGS - W~R~ US~D BY ANCI~Nr STORYT~L.L.~RS WHO W~R~ FAMIL.IAR WITH TH~M.

sat riley ARE ONLY lJerAILS, ANlJ CAN CIIANGe ro Fir rile rssree OF ANY A/,/lJleNce. OUTSID~ OF ITS D~TAIl..S, TH~ MOD~RN· "DRACUl..A" IS SIMIL.AR TO Cl..ASSIC MYfHS.

• "I7RACtllA" WAS WRITT&N IN 1894

-10-

H£RO-

I?R, VAN H£t.SING

}-I£RO - t.£GAt. Ct.£RK ..JO}-lN }-IARK£R

LOOKING AT TH~5~ ~XAMPL~5, YOU MAY HAV~ NOTIC~D THAT WHIL~ 5WORD5 AND GUN5 AR~ OBVIOU5 W~APON5, GARLIC AND 5HARP~N~D BIT5 OF WOOD AR~ NOT!

MONST£R - I?£ArHt.£ss VAMPIR£, Vt.A1? I?RACt.lt.A

, -'

0fj t11"

J 11(/ \

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MONST£R'S t.AIR - £NG/"/SH C£M£r£RY

TH~ 5TRANG~ AND DR~AMLIK~ NATUR~ OF FANTA5Y 15 ~MPHA51Z:~D BY GIVING "NORMAL" OBJ~CT5 AND PLAC~5 5P~CIAL M~ANING OR POW~R THAT TH~Y LACK IN OUR OWN WORLD,

MAGIC S/../PP£RS - CINI?£R£t.t.A ANI? I?ORGr}-IY ~S£I?FANCYFOonwAR£

APPt.£S -

A P£R£NNIAt. FAVORJr£, GR££K, NORS€, ANI? H€BR£W MYrHS HAl? APPt.€S OF IMMORrAt.rrY; SNOW

WHIr€ WAS POISON€I? BY AN APPt.€

B€t. r OR GIRI?t.£ - SP€CIAt. eeire W€R£ WORN BY MANY H€RO£S, INCWI?ING r}-l€ BRAV€ urrt.€ rAlt.OR, ANI? }-IYPPOt.lrA, rH£ AMA~ON Q~€€N

BROOMSTICK - WlrCH'S V€HICt.€ OF CHOIC€ IN Ot.1? €~ROP€

rRlPOI? -

APOUO'S MAGIC CHAIR, ~S£I? BY rH€ I?€t.P}-IIC ORACt.€ ro PROPH€SY rH€ F~~R£

SPINI?t.€ - Ct.IRS£S St.€€PING B€AtrTY, SPINS GOt.1?

FOR RLJMPt.€STIt.rSKIN

WH~TH~R YOU FILL YOUR FANTA51~5 WITH GTRANG~ N~W CR~ATUR~S OR FAMILIAR ~LV~5 AND GOBLINS, YOUR MOST IMPORTANT TA5K 15 TO AVOID DRAWING TH~ exsectt» D~TAILS THIS WILL PUT YOUR AUDr~NC~ TO SL~~P.

INTRIGU~ YOUR AUDI~NC~ BY TAKING TH~ BASIC /()eAS B~HIND FANTASY CHARACT~RS (KINGS, WITCH~S, AND 50 ON) AND BY CARTOONING, ~MPHASIZ:~ TH~ WOND~R, T~RROR, AND W~IRDN~SS OF TRU~ FANTASY ADV~NTUR~!

-II-

l\. LIVING W0RLD

ANOTHER DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "NORMAL" AND FANTASY WORLDS IS THE INSULAR NATURE OF FANTASY - EVERYTHING IS RELATED TO EVERYTHING ELSE. FAIRY TALES ABOUND WITH LUCKY MEETINGS, LOST FAMILY MEMBERS, AND FATE~FILLED DESTINIES.

IN A FANTASY WORLD, EVERYTHING IS CONNECTED TO EVERYTHING ELSE TO CREATE A LIVING WORLD. ANIMALS TALK AND ACT LIKE PEOPLE. EVEN TREES AND RIVERS HAVE VISIBLE PERSONALITIES, IN THE SHAPES OF TREE SPIRITS AND RIVER GODS.

HUt1(\.NIZ€D (\.NIt1(\LS

rR£~S AR£ STRONGI..'/ eoorea ,0 ,fI~ GROtlN(l

e

WAI..KSON/ flIN(ll..eGS, W~ARSBOors

Ke~PS WARM Wfffl filS FtlR, PRor~crS fllMSel..F Wfffl filS C/..AWS

W~ARS cionas

AN(l CARRIeS A SWORI?, A/" rvoao« fI~ A/..REA{1'/ flAS FtiR AN(l C/..AWS I

~

'fIICKCl..tlsreRsoFI..~V~S HUt1(\.NIZ€D 0B...l€CTS FAN Ot/{,O ABSORB

StlNI..IGfIi AN(l WA,eR

-12-

WHll.~ 5OM~ ~l.~M~NT5 OF A FANTA5Y WORl.D HAV~ OBVIOU5 P~R50NAl.liI~5 CWtn-I FAC~5, VOIC~5, AND 50 ON) eveRYrHING IN FANTA5Y - OBJ~CT5, Pl.AC~5, ~V~N BACKGROUND5 - 5HOUl.D B~ DRAWN WliH A VI5IBl.~ 5~N5~ OF CHARACT~R!

HOW DO YOU DO THAT? GOOD QU~5i10N! THAT'5 WHY THI5 BOOK 15 CAl.l.~D "FANTA5Y CARTOONING." CARrOONING IS USING UNes, SHAPes, AN!) SYMBOlS ro SHOW INVISIBU It:?eAS - UKe rHe peRSONAU7Y OF A CHARAcreR, OR rHe MOOt:? OF A PLAce OR eveNT.

0BJeCTS W.ITH peRS0HdLITY

CI.IRV130 &OG&S StJGG&sr A ~"GOOO"SWORO

srRAIGJ..ff S#AP& OF SWORO S#OWS ()IR&CTN&SS, AN() P&R.HAPS COtJRAG&

»ooao S#AP&S AN() riP R&S&MBt.& B&AST'S ClAWS

S&RP&NrIN& tw/ere AN() TtJRNS StJGG&sr ()&VIOtJSN&SS

PLdces W.ITH peRS0HdLITY

CI.IRV&() BRANC#&S GROW tJPWARO

W&U IS SUGJ..fft.Y S#A()&() BY rsee

IN TH~ ~ND, TH~ IMPORTANT THING TO R~M~MB~R ABOUT FANTA5Y 15 THAT TH~ D~TAll.5 AR~N'T TI~D TO ANY PR~5~T ID~A5 OR HI5TORICAl. P~RIOD5.

THI5 BOOK 16 Fll.l.~D, NATURAl.l. v. WIiH FA~RI~5 AND DRAGON5 AND TH~ l.IK~, BUT TH~5~ AR~

t.&AV&S ()()N'T OBSCI.IR& T#& rwlsrlNG BRANC#&S

#Ooa() FING&Rua BRANC#&S R£AC# TOWARO W&U

rsee tw/sr» AN() B&N()S TO GtJAROW&U

.. FR&AKlS#t.Y lARG&KNOTS AU OV&R rRl3&; IT t.OOKS ANCI&Nr AN() tJNNATtJRAt.

JU5T A 5TARIING POINT. TH~ D~TAll.5 IN YOUR DRAWING5 HAV~ ON~ PURP05~: TO 5HOW A WORl.D THAT 15 MOR~ B~AUilFUl., MOR~ T~RRIFYING, AND MOR~ MY5T~RIOU5 THAN OUR OWN.

l.~T'5 DRAW!

-13-

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TH€ H€R0IC ID€~L

GeNeRAuy, t.lMBS CtlRVe St.lG;,{TI-Y AWAY FROM THe

BO/?'/. IF A t.lMB IS BeNT, ~ THe Toe HAI-VeS CtlRVe

AWAY FROM eACH OTHeR

FIGlIR£ IS ABOllT seveN HeAt:?S TAU

.--e

H~RO~G COM~ IN AL.L. GHAP~G AND GIZ~G, BUi iH~ "TYPICAL. H~RO L.OOKG GOM~iHING L.IK~ iH~ ANCI~Ni GR~~K ADV~NiUR~R, H~RAKL.~G,

AI-WAYS STARr WITH THe SPINe!

THIS SWeePING t.lNe GIves YOllR FIGlIR£ MOST OF HIS eseeor. ANO covvecre AU THe PARrS OF THe BOW TOGeTHeR

eveN eXCWOING THe SHOlll-OeRS, THe CHeST

IS THe L.ARGeST, MOST 0- eXAGGeRATeO PARr OF

THe BOt:?'/, AI-MOST twce AS wloe AS THe WAIST

(_ - - -

.I

"" AFTeR MARKING );) THe SPINe ANO

THe CHeST, MARK THe FRONT OF THe CHeST CtlRVING

oor IN FRONT OF THe SPINe

t:?RAWING THe LeGS AS ONe L.ONG sweep MAKES THeM STRONGeR

wloe STANce SHOWS STReNGTH

CiN.k--

l-;;;:::;;;;;;:=---~---o eveN THOllGH IT WIU Be

r=-u..,,",~ coveeeo LJ~ ORAW r#~ NeCK SO rou CAN pL.Ace THe HeAO, THe NeCK IS ONe HeAt:? Wloe

THe CHeST IS ABOllT

ONe HeAO HIGH; THe sorro« OF THe A_ CHeST IS WHeR£ - _____ ARMPIT CONNeCTS

ARM TO BOW

~ L.ARGe HANf?S,

~ St.lG;,{TI-Y SMAueR THAN THe HeAO, SHOW STReNGTH (ANO AR£ peRFecr FOR HOl-OING oweezeo WeAPONS)

( r#1$15r#&

THICKEST PARr OF LeG, THe CAI-F IS

NeXT THICKEST

WHeN THe TORSO IS BeNT OR 7WISTING t.lKE THIS, THe BeNT oar sloe IS MOR£ CtlRVeO

THAN THe BeNT- IN sloe

-16-

ONe OF TH& B&ST TRICKS FOR MAKING YOtiR FIGtiReS /..OOK THRe&-fJIM&NSIONA/.. IS TO use OV&Rt..APPING /"/N&S WHeRe fJIFF&ReNT BOfJY PARTS CONN&CT; TH& /"IN& THAT IS CtIT OFF SHOWS A BOW PART B&HINfJ TH& OTH&R /"/N&

SHOtl/..fJ&RS ARe 0---At..MOST FOtiR HMtJS WlfJ&, ANfJ SQtlARefJ OFF TO SHOW BOTH STR&NGTH ANfJ fJlReCTN&SS

GOOfJ!

GOOfJ!

RAGS WRAPPING AROtlNfJ TH& ARMS H&/"p TO SHOW TH& StiRFAC& CtlRV& OF

TH& ARMS, ANfJ A/"SO IF TH& ARMS ARe COMING FORWARfJ OR AWAY FROM roo

BAfJ!

STRAIN ON 7WIST&fJ-OtIT / s.oe OF TORSO IS SHOWN

BY RIBS STICKING Om. NO RIBS STICK OtIT ON TH& OTH&R e.oe

\ AFT&R TH& SHOtl/..fJ&RS, TH&

«:> FOR&ARMS (.JtlST B&/..OW TH& &/..BOWJ ARe TH& WlfJ&ST PARTS OF TH& ARMS

ANKt..&SARe

NARROW&ST PARTS OF

! /..&GS, BtIT F&eT SHOtl/..fJ B& AT /..&AST AS t..ARG& AS HANfJS, TO StiPPORT W&IGHT

PAWS OF /../ONSKIN

--17-

THe HeR01C Fa.ce

THE MOGT IMPORTANT PART OF MANY CHARACTERG IG THE FACE. THE FACE GHOWG A CHARACTER'G PERGONAl..liY AND EMOiIONG, AND Ii'G UP TO YOU TO UGE EVERY DRAWING IRICI< YOU CAN TO CONVEY THIG INFORMATION!

IN THE INiRODUcnON, I MENTIONED HOW 1..INEG AND GHAPEG CAN BE UGED TO REVEAl.. A PERGONAl..liY. l..ET'G 1..001< AT THE BAGIC GHAPEG OF A HEROIC HEAD.

eyes ARe HIGH tip, SHRINKING BROW

eARS GO FROM ere iere:

TO BOTTOM OF Nose

JAW f?ROPS f?OWN FROM eAR TO MOtITlI, THeN CtlRVeS FORWARf? TO CHIN

\

Nose INf?eNTAT eye t.lNe

THIN, Wlf?e MOtlTH

MOST IMPORTANT FeATtlRe IS t.ARGe, SQtlARe CHIN

CENTeR t.lNe FOR THe erse, Nose, MOtITlI, ANf? CHIN

BROW ANf? CHIN COMe FORWARf? eQtlAUY FROM eyes, St.lGHTlY CtlRVef?

THO$E ARE THE SAGIC GHAPEG AND PROPORTIONG FOR MOGT HEROEG. NOW l..ET'G CONGIDER GOME OF THE MAJOR VARIATIONG IN GHAPEG AND PROPORTIONG THAT REVEAl.. A CHARACTER'G PERGONAl..liY.

BROW ANf? CHeeK ARe SHARP, ANf? BROW HANGS ovse eyes

CReAses AROtlNO THe BROW, eree; ANf? MOtlTH SHOW AGe ANf? TOtlGHNeSS

WITH THIS HARf?eNef?

. MeRceNARY, THe eMPHAsIS IS ~;ON TOtlGHNeSS, WHICH IS BeST ." eXPReSsef? BY ANGtlt.AR,

. .#ASSlve SHAPes.

MtI~~le (sloes OF MOtITH) IS eMPHASIUO

WHOle HeAO IS MAoe OF HARO, BlOCKY SHAPes

-18-

VdRldTl0NS

'-ARG~ ~XPRESSIVt~ ~Y~S, AN(} PUN7Y~ 'JF SPAC~ eetwee« ~Y~S AN(} BROWS

MORE C1-111-(}UK£NOS~ AN(}~ARS (SMAU BtIT STICKING Ot.l1J

OliN AN(} .JAW ARE STRONG BtIT ROLlN(}~(}

INsr~A(}OF ANGLltAR

I-ONG, STRONG N~CK

A STRONG OliN TO' BAtANC~ NOS~

BROWS HANG OV~R~Y~S "<,

WORK OtIT (}~AII-S OF srRtICTLlRE,

~V~N IF YOLI ~RAS~ ~ _

THEM AT "'E <NO ~ ~ f!'--J~'"t-n--...

SHARP ~(}G~SAN(} OV~RAU SKt/U-UK£ SHAP~

TO OPPS~ BASIC "CtIT~N~SS" OF THIS

SORr OF CI-IARACT~R, A(}(} THICK ~~BROWS

OV~RAU, A T~~N FAC~ IS PARr WAY setwee« A H~ROIC

A(}LlI- T AN(} C1-111-(}

,

'oWHII-~ OliN IS POINr~ll, MOtITH IS HIGH LIP TO MAK£ OliN AREA tARG~R

(}ARK UN~S LlN(}~R TH~ ~Y~S SHOW A tACK OF SU~P - SOM~ON~'S B~~N SN&AKlNG AROLlN(}

AU NIGHT!

REC~(}ING HAIR AUOWS YOLI TO SHOW MORE OF TH~ SCI-I~MING BROW

SHARP~NTH~ , ~~BROWS AN(} MLlsrACI-I~S

(}RAWING IN(}IVI(}LlAI- T~~H CAUS Arr~NrION TO TH~M, TLIRNING A SMII-~ SINIsr~R

,

I THROUGHOUT THIS BOOK, W~'L.L. 'TRY OUT MANY \

I MOR~ FAC~ 1YP~5 AND ~XPR~5510N5, BUT NOW

THAT TH~5~ BA51C 1YP~5 HAV~ B~~N L.AID OUT, L.~T/5 TAL.K ABOUT ... TH~ L.ADI~5!

-19-

F~MAt.~ fflPS AS __. t.ARG~ AS CJ.I~sr: t.ARG~ CJ.I~ST ANI7 HIPS COM8IN~17 WITH NARROW WAIST AI7I7 ~N~RGY TO FIGt.lR£

W~ll.~ W~/R~ Al.l. fAMll.lAR WIT~ MAl.~ ~~RO~S, MYT~ AND fANTASY AR~ Al.SO ruu, Of ~~ROIN~S, fROM OAYOR~AMING CIND~R~l.l.A TO ADV~NTUROUS DORor~y TO ~NC~ANTING ca. TIC SORC~R~SS MORGAN l.~F~Y.

TYPlCAt. F~MAt.~ BOW IS SIX ~_--tt-

HEAI7STAU

F~MAt.E HANI7S ANI7 F~Er AR£ SMAUER - R£t.ATIVE TO THE R£ST OF THEIR BOlJ/~S - THAN MAt.~ HANI7S ANI7 F~Er

t.lPP~R ARM IS ~ COMING FORWARl?, t.OOKS SHORr~R

ONCE AGAIN, OVERt.APPING t.lNES ANlJ PROPS SHOW Ct.IRVE OF t.lPP~R ARM 0--

N~CK IS Jt.lST OV~RHAt.F THE WIlJTH OF THEHEAI7

KN~~S Tt.lRNElJ IN - GENERAUY FEMINlN~ STANa

MORGAN'S W~/GHTIS R£STINGON RIGHT fflp, WfflCJ.I STICKS t.lP ANI7 oar

t.lMBS TENI7 TO Ct.IRVE oar FROM BOI7Y

PRlNC~SS AMA;ZON H~RO

Bt.OCK IN BASIC SHAP~S OF HAIR ANI7CAP~, FOUOWING SAME BASIC

Ct.IRVES AS BOI7Y

-20-

BlANK eres t.OOK USS I-ItJMAN ANll MORe CReepy

ONL-Y INcWlle srRi./CTtJRAL- llflAIL-S TI-IAT ARe IMPORTANT TO

FIGtJRe OR pose; MINIM/~ tJNIMPORTANT INFORMATION UKe ReAR SI-IOtJL-lleR MtJSCU, ANll Keep OVt:RAU SI-IAPeS

SIMPL-e ANll FL-OWING

(

"

eVeRY UNe COtJNTS - RAGGell SI-IAPeS UKe I-IAIR ANll CApe Q

StJGGeST llANGeR! '"

uNNecesSARY f1£iA/~ Nor Neef1ef1 FOR THIS pose - SKlPfT!

Wl-leN ARMS RAISell tJP OR TO s/oee: COL-lARBONeS IS MORe VISIBL-e

eVeRY casve OF Ct.OTI-IING OR JeweL-RY IS A CI-IANCe TO SI-IOW BeNllS ANll ctlRVeS OF BOllY

lleSPlTe L-OTS OF StJRFACe ORNAMeNT, ACTtJAL- SI-IAPeS OF BOllY ANll COSTtJMe ARe CL-eAN ANll SIMPL-e

, .'/fYJ_"_'

eveN Wl-leN CI-IARACTeRS ARe WeARING Ft.OWING SKIRTS OR ROBes, TRY TO I-IAVe eNOtJGI-I OF BOllY SI-IOWING TI-IAT pose ANll ACTIONS ARe CL-eAR

THe HGR01He uee,u

oveRAU, ROtJNll INSTeAllOF Bt.OCKY

~... f

/1

SOFTeR ere INlleNT

UKeTeeN FAce, BROW IS I-IIGI-I

<,

I

.Ii - .r!"

1

SMAU ROtJNll

CI-IIN, ANll SUGI-IT JAW

Nose I-IAL-FWAY FROM eree ro CI-IIN

cevre« UNe FOR Tl-le eyes, Nose, MOtJTII, ANll CI-IIN

UPS L-eSS Wille, sorro« OF UP I-IAL-FWAY FROM CI-IIN TO Nose

SOFT ctlRL-S OF I-IAIR SI-IOW L

NiceR '

CI-IARACTeR

l-IeRe TI-IAN ./

MORGAN ABove

.jth*--

GeNeRAuy, FROM TI-IIS view, BACK OF

NeCKUNes tJP WITI-I JAW

-21-

W~/L.L. 6TART WITH TH~ 6IMPL.~ P~A6M·JT, PARTL. Y B~CAU6~ P~A6ANT6 AR~ 60 POPUL.AR, AND PARTL. Y B~CAU6~ TH~Y W~AR TH~ M06T BA61C CL.OTH~6, WHICH CAN B~ ~L.ABORAT~D ON TO CR~AT~ TH~ FANCY APPAR~L. OF KNIGHT6 AND L.ORD6.

SQt.lARelJ-OFF SHOt.lL.lJI3RS

NOW THAT W~'V~ L.OOK~D AT 60M~ BA61C PHY6ICAL. TYP~6 OF H~RO~6 AND H~ROIN~6, L.~T/6 CON6ID~R 6OM~ OF TH~ ROL.~6 TH~Y CAN PL.AY IN CL.A66ICAL. FANTA6Y 6TORI~6.

FIGt.lRe IS Jt.lST SHORr OF HI3ROIC SI3VI3N HI3AClS TAU

<;

CHI3ST IS SMAU sur WIlJl3, WITH t.ARGI3 SHOt.lL.lJI3RS

L.ONGe- _

NI3CK

I3L.SOWSARe

SI3Nr IN CL.OSI3 I

TOSOl7Y -, /

W~;:;:S~OR /"

t.lNCI3RrAINTY

QI . G- -_/6

t.ARGI3 HANClS ANlJ FI3I3r GIVI3 S77<£NGTHTO

AN OTHI3RWISI3 St.lGHT SOl7Y

PI3ASANr

I1I3ROI3S ARe OFrI3N

TI3I3NS BI3CAt.lSI3 SOTH SIiARe TIII3 COMSINATION OF APPAReNr COMMONNI3SS ANlJ IIllJlJl3N POrI3NrIAL..

WHATI3VI3R TIII3IR AGI3 OR BOl7Y rYPI3, PI3ASANr I1I3ROI3S SIIOt.lL.lJ IIAVI3 A TI3I3N'S COMBINATION OF AWKWARl?NI3SS ANlJ S77<£NGTH - THI3Y ReL.Y ON BRAINS ANlJ L.t.lCK TO St.lCCl3l3lJ, NOT SRUTI3 FORCI3!

TIIICK NI3CK r St.OPI3S TO SHOt.lL.lJI3RS

St./GHTL.Y

SL.Ot.lCHI3l?, NOT STICKING Ot.lr.." . ..__CHI3ST t./K/3 KNIGHT (P.26)

\

\.

L.I3GS ARe NOT SPReAlJ IN STRONG, CI3RrAIN STANCI3

t.lMSS NOT t.ARGI3, sar WI3U-lJI3FINl3lJ; I3SPI3CIAUY FOReARMS ANlJ t.OWI3R L.I3GS

-22--

\

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"-PAlM FORWARlJ - ANOTHI3R SIGN OF WI3AKNI3SS OR PASSIVI7Y

SJ.lORr; vrl/..rTARlAN J.lAIR 0-

A/..~Rr; ~AG&R ~XPReSSION e~-----

WrTJ.lovr MtlCJ.I srR&NGTJ.I

OR &XP&RI&NC&, P&ASANTS

/ W&Re OFT&N AIO~O 8Y WIU1ROS, PA~RI&S ANO STRANG& CJ.IARMS

ANY W&APON _ ~ MIGJ.IT B~ 0- OV~RS/~~O TO

&MPJ.lAS/~ TJ.lAT J.I&RO J.lASN'T PtlUY"GROWN INTO" J.lIS RO/"~

PAIR/..Y TIGJ.IT-P/TTING C/..OTJ.I&S &MPJ.lAS/~~ A NON-MtlSCt//..AR BOO'l,

~ SJ.lORr; IU-P/TTING

~ S/..&&V&S AOO TO T&&NAG&

AWKWARON&SS

~ ~V&R'lTJ.IING V ISA/../TT/..& WORNOOWN

J.I~AW BOOTS OR G/..OV~S ARe A GReAT --0 PROP TO AOO ~V&N MORe srR&NGTJ.I TO J.lANOS ANO reer

PATCJ.I~S SJ.lOW A SIMPU, J.lARO /..IP&

O/..l~ TO AN OtlTllOOR /..IP&, PCASANTS W&AR J.lOOOS, CAPS, OR TtlRBANS

SP~CIA/..I~&O COMMON&RS (/..IKe SJ.I&PJ.I&ROS OR TAI/..ORS)

CARRY TOO/..5 OP TJ.I&IR 7RAO&, WJ.IICJ.I OPT&N tlN~XP&CT&O/..Y J.I&/..P TJ.I&M oar OP A .JAM!

pea.SA.NT Va.RIa. TI0NS

ON THINNeR PIGt/ReS, JOINTS ARe MORe veRTlCAt..; ON HEAW PIGt/ReS, THeY ARe MORe HORl?ONTAt..

-it:' 'I ($11; e·';1 Wi MH i I ltO) ,~

/..IKe MORGAN (P. 1£1), WeiGHT IS ON ONe HIP, WHICH STICKS OtIT MORe

SMAU HAN/?s ANO peer TO eMPHASIZ£ MASS OP TORSO

et..80WSANO KNees OISAPP/3AR IN THe OveRAU SHAPes OP /..IM8S

CHeST ANO HIPS Mt/CH /..ARGeR THAN t/St/At.. peASANT, WITH A HIGHeR WAIST

. ---0 see P. 43 POR ORAWING HeAWPAces

ORAW PINGeRS AS A ROt/NO MASS

BOWlS AU CtlRveS, NO SHARP ecoee

THe TRAClIT/ONAt.. CHINese \1:;; /" J

P/3ASANT OtITPlT IS SIMI/..AR TO ~ ~.,

THe et/ROP/3AN COSTt/Me - .------

A lONG JACKeT ANO TROt/seRS

CiV·»-

-24-

PIG/.IRE IS ON/..Y PO/.lR l-IeAOS TAU,

ANt) l-IeAl? IS AS A._ WIl?e AS IT IS I-IIGI-I - ----

~.,

GIRt.Y l?eTAlt.S /..IKE 1--

APRON AN() 80W

I-IANOS TI-IIS SMAUCAN8e S/.IGGeSTel? AS 8ASIC SI-lAPeS, WITI-IO/./T M/.ICI-I

()eTAI/..

VeRYSMAU ~ I-IANl?S ANl? eeer

TORSOISA SING/..e 8/..0CK, WITI-I flIGfI WAIST

AM? SL.IGfIT/..Y L.ARGeR flIPS

SINce si-le IS ./

8AL.ANCe() ON ONe 0' POOr, Tl-le REST OP •

l-IeR 80l?Y SI-IO/.l/..l? se CeNTeREl?, eveN/..Y ON eACI-I SI()e OP POOT

/..eGS ANl? ARMS ARE TI-IICKEST AT I-IIPS ANl? SI-lO/.l/..l?eRS, ANl?

GeNT/..Y NARROWING TO ANK/..es AN() WRISTS

SWISI-IING CApe ANl?

I-IAIR S/.IGGeST MOTION OP WA/..K

SKIRT POUOWS C/./Rve OP /..Irre() ceo. SOCKS SI-IOW caevee OP ieoe

J/.IST /.ISING A pew

80/..[) /..INeS KEeps __r,~

A pose Ct.eA~NN()

POweRF/.I/.. . / ~ f.

v'/''-LL::O

MINIMA/.. PAce ()eTAI/..S TO eMPI-lASli!e M/.ISTACi-le

PIG/.IRE IS eeve« ~ l-IeAOS TAU

TI-IIS POREARM COMes PORWAR() SO IT /..OOKS SI-lORTeR AN() MORE l?RASTlCAUY C/./RVel?

TI-IICK ieee PROM TOP

TO 8OTTOM CONVeY STRffNGTH, 8/./T KEep AT /..eAST ONe PART (l-IeRE, Tl-le KNeeS) A o-f-Ir-----....,. /../TT/..e TI-IICKER

(~

SIMP/..e, l-IeA W, WIl?e 8REeCi-les

·'f.b*"

exrRA l-IeAVY-()/./TY WORK80OTS

-2.5-

UGS ANI? ARMS FORM/..ONG,

POweRFlII..

CtlRVeS 0----_

/

~

~ ....... 4 .. i·}·i ... - ...

SHOliweR OF RAISel?ARM ence» liP ABOV£:TORSO

FIGliRe IS eevs« HeAl?S TAU - SAMe AS HeRAKl..eS (P. '6)

KNIGHTS ARe THe SliPeRHeROeS OF

FANTASY, WITH o__ OV£:RS/~I? CHesrs,- ~ SHOll/..l?eRS, ANI? ARMS

/..eGS ARe MIN/M/~I?

IN FAVOR OF THe CHeST, BlIT tARGe reer SliPPORT THIS TOP HeAW HeRO

~ / I

WIl?e srANce ANI?

TlIRNel? oar UGS SHOW - -c, .~ __ ~

POweRFlII.. pose ~~-~

~

R£MeMBeR THAT MARK/NG eye/..INe SHOWS WHerHeR FAce IS /..OOKING liP OR llOWN - ANI? SINce THIS FAce IS /..OOKING 0

lip, THe eAR IS BeLOW THe eyes

__ --------------~<) ANGeRSAR£ SGlIAR£1?, BlIT NOT CRi./l?e/..y BWNT

RAISel?ARM ReVeA/..S BACK OF SHQ/.//..l?eR (COMPAR£TO MORGAN ON P. 20)

ONe eoe OF /..1MB /

CtlRV£:S MOR£ THAN OTHeR, ANI? eXTReMe CHANGeS FROM THICK TO THIN IN /..IMBS AI?I?

eNeRGY TO FIGlIR£

FI..OWING SliPeRHeRO CApe AI?I?S TO SPAce \ _.o FIGlIR£ TAKeS lip, ~ - MAKING STRONGeR

) IMPACr ON VIEWERS

-26-

AR£AS WffJ.l MOST MOVeMeNT oec« SJ.lOt./I-l7eRS, J.lANf?5) J.lA vt' MORe J.lINGel7 PARrS

A NIce BAtANCe OF ClJRVel7 ANl7 SJ.lARP I-INeS MAKeS IGJ.IT l7ANGeROt./S, Bid Nor SINISTeR

__ ~ .... IN ReAl- I-IFe, ARMOR ReSTRJCTel7 A KNIGHT'S MOVeMeNT, Bid Nor IN CARrOONS!

reer ARe FAIRL.Y WIl7e, Bid COMe ro A SJ.lARP POINT

H€Rl\LDRY

"Qt./ARreRel7" SJ.lleu7, WffJ.l AI-TeRNATING l7ARK ANl7I-1GJ.IT PA77eRN

GeOMflRIC FI-OWeRS

I

~GI-e eoueo l70WN ro MOST BASIC ll7eA - J.leAl7, WINGS, ANl7 TAI-ONS

FtA77eNel7, NO eesee OF l7ePTJ.I

<, SIMPI-e SJ.lAPeS

KMGJ.lTS OFTeN WORe A CJ.IAIN MAIl- Tt./NIC coveeeo BY A FANCY cioru Tt./MC

J! KNee "WINGS"

(POI-eYNS)

I Gt./ARlJ SIl7eS ANl7

I BACK OF KNee

--_;_~t)

I-ONG, J.lINGel7 MflAI-BOors (SABAroNS) FOR Rll7ING J.lORSes

ASIAN CReSTS ARe eve« MORe srruzea ANl7 GeOMeTRIC

WARI-ORl?S rAVORMOR£

eXOTIC o.....___

WeAPONS, /.IKe ~\,

A MAce '\

rIGt/R£ IS SIX lleAl?S rAU (AI- rllotJGII lleAf) IS eevr f)OWN IN rRONr Or veco

rile f)AR)( SIf)e

Or KNIG#TllOOf) WAS

rile WARWRlJ5 - Mll-ffARY l-eAf)eRS WIIO OVl3RTIIR£W RlG/-IrFt/1- WR{)s ANf) eacso rIlROt/GII MIG#T ANf) reRROR. W#/t.e SOMe WARI-ORf)S weRe CRi./f)e BARBARIANS, OTlleRS weR£ MeRCeNARIeS, KNIG#TS, OR ew« PRINCeS WIIO RtJrlll-eSSI-Y eetzea PoweR IN rIMes Or CIIAOS!

SINce ARMS AR£ RAISef) SO IIIGII, -e SIIOtJl-f)eRS R£AUY POP tJP rROMroRSO

A~

SIIARPeN ROtJNf)J"'\: )Y 1/ . i

eooee /.IKe rile <, /' i

lIeAf) OR RIBCAGe / -

1 I

ro eMPIIASI?e rile "tJNN,tm.JRAI-NeSS" Or WARi-ORlJ5, 7W15r ____ _ rllelR PROPORTIONS --v INrO SOMerlllNG tJGI-Y ANf) srRANGe

IIAVING ARMS NARROW IN -. ___.

BeTWeeN v- J

JOINrS MAKeS /.IMBSI-OOK SKel-erAI-

A rile seer WAY ro CReATe AN ew:

----"" CReep IS ro rAKe A lIeROIC

CIIARAcreR ANf) 7W15r tr AROtJNf), - BY rtJRNING A lIeRO'S CApe INrO A RAGGef) COWl-, rOR IN5rANCe

'11------9 AGAIN, 7W15r lIeROIC Mt/SCI-e Bt/I-Ges INrO ANGt/i-AR, IIARSII slIAPes

-28-

Tfle CORRtlPT NATURe OF WARJ..ORl/S CAN

8e SflOWN wrrfl7WISTelJ VeRSIONS OF KNIGflTi.Y fleRAi.lJRy. Tfle RLJi-ES ARe Tfle SAMe, sor use ..JAGGelJ SflAPes ANlJ OB..JeCTS UKe SKi/US, Ci-AWS ANlJ Fi-AMes.

+t¢ftl$~ .~ ~

TAKeeVl3RY OPPORTUNITY TO AlJlJ SflARP eooes, AS wa» Tfle SflARP FINGeRS OR ei.80WS

\

flORNSANlJ POINT&lJ SflAPes SflOW lJANGeR ANlJ ANIMAl. SAVAGeRY

flllJe Tfle FAce - excePT Tfle eyes -

TO AlJlJ MYSTeRY

flANlJY ARMOR UNes SflOW C(.JRV13 AS ARM COMes FORWARlJ FROM SflOUi.lJeR, TfleN 8eNlJS BACK

FROM&i.80W

SINce WARJ..ORlJS WeReOFreN oursllJeRS, 0-----/----;;.--

CONSIlJeR GIVING TfleM OPUi.~NT ANlJ eXOTIC ARMOR

RAGGelJ COW/.

ReSeM8i.es WINGS OF A BAT OR lJRAGON

\

ARMOR ..JOINTS ARe AS ..JAGGelJ AS OTfleR SflAPes ON FIGURe

«iU.a_

-29-

FIGtlR£ IS ove« SIX flMfJS rAU, AtMOST AS

rAU AS fI&ROIC MAl&S o.-_

lARG&R CII&ST ANI?

flIPS (R£lArIV& ro OV&RAU FIGtlR£)

INI?ICAr& AN ArfllfflC CIIARAcr&R

.JtlST AS rfl& CII&ST aJRV&S MOR£ FORWARl1, rfl& RLlMP aJRV&S MOR£ BACKWARt?

tJ· euosm» lARG&R (ANI?

• • ~ srRONG&R!) flANfJS ANI? F&ff

1/ i ~ rflAN r'lPlCAl F&MAl& FIGtlR£

f(_J

MAKe FIGtlR£ MOR£ &N&RGffIC wa» srRONG&R aJRveS ON rfl& OtlrSII?&S OF t..IMBS, ANI? srRAIGfIr&R UN&S ON rfl& INSII?&S

UKe rfl& KNIGHT, GIV& FIGtlR£ POW&R B'lI?RAMA17C COMBINA170N OF rfllCKS (CII&S7; fliPS, tlPP&R ANI? lOWeR UMBS) Wfffl rfllNS (WAIST ANI? .JOINrS)

AMAZONS W~R~ ,H~ MYTJ..lICAI. WARRIOR ~l.rr~ OF ,H~ ANCI~N, WORl.D. R~I.A'~D ,0 ,H~ NOMADIC SCYTHIANS, IH~ AMAZONS W~R~ DOM~ INA,~D BY ,H~IR FI~RC~ WARRIOR WOM~N. SIRONG, GRAC~FUl., AND MOR~ ,HAN A l.11Il.~ WIl.D, 'H~ AMAZONS FOUGH, IN 'H~ IROJAN WAR AND AGAINS, H~RAKl.~S.

SINC& rfllS FIGtlR£ IS rtlRN&1? ro ONe SII?&, rfl& CIIEST aJRV&S oar MtlCII MOR£ ON nee SII?&

SMAUBtIr

, __o SQtlAR£O

/" SflOtlll?&RS

.$f.hk~

.JOINrS AR£ ClMRt.'1 MARKel?, BtIr 1?0N'r STANI? oar FROM UMBS roo MtlCII

-30-

PROFIL.& BASlCAUY

CIRC/..& .___ \

&AR ANlJ JAW srARr 'Q')

B&/-I/NlJ .J.IAL.FWAY 0 'f'

MARK OF PROFI/..& ! - .

N&CK 15'-----; ~ C&NT&R&lJ AT

BAS& OF JAW .U},.

(

.J.IIG.J.I, YOtlNG BROW • St.OP&S [}(}WN

/ PARAU&/.. TO JAW

/ ('

, "0 JAW GO&S [}(}WN TO

~"""i"i •. f. •• R::o~" MOm.J.l, TiI&N CtlRV&S

~.--- ~ FORWARIJ TO C.J.IIN

S.J.IORr NOS&, T.J.I&N ---0 St.OP&S St.lGHTL.Y BACK TO C.J.IIN

L.ONG, FL.OWING .J.IAIRS.J.IOWS ~ FR&&[}(}M ANlJ

ACTION

.-0 BRONU __....- - S.J.IOtlL.lJ&R Pt.AT&S

TIGHT FITTING BR&ASTPt.AT& FOR ACTIV& F&MAL.&S, IT IS B£7T&R TO lJRAW C.J.I&sr AS

SINGL.&, SW&&PING t.lN&

S.J.IORrSKIRr ,----------....~ FOR&ASY

MOV&M&NT

ANCI&NT WARRIOR COMMONL.Y WOR& SANlJAt.5, OR &V&N

~ W&NT BAR&FOOT!

rJ./& FAMOtlS GR&&K 0-"CR&sr&lJ" .J.I&t.M&TS

AMA?ONS W&R& BARBARIC SCYT.J.IIANS, ear AR& usueu» PICTtlR&lJ WIT.J.I GR&&K-INFL.tI&NC&lJ W&APONS ANlJ ARMOR!

GR&&K S/-I/&L.1?5 OFT&N .J.IAlJ lMAG&S t.lK& M&lJtlSA TO T&RRlFY &N&MI&S!

'IN CUlSSICAL GRe&CC. I.f()PI.Jr&S W&Re WeAlTHY CITI~N-50U11&RS WHO ARRANG#l TH&IR OWN TRAINING AN(l &QtJIPM&NT

-31-

, ,

HIPS AS WllJe AS CHeST

o

seu» CtlRV[:S O/./T, BtIT Nor lARGER THAN

CHEST

GWARMING OVE:J< iHE: ANCIE:Ni WAGiE:I..ANDG, BARBAJ<IANG WORE: GAVAGE: ANIMAl.. GKING AND BORE: CRUDE: WE:APONG. iHE:IJ< UNCIVII..IZE:D NAiURE: CAN BE: E:XPRE:5GE:D WliH MUGCUI..AR, NON~HE:J<OIC BODIE:G AND CRUDE: GE:AR.

SHO/.J/...lJERS SAME HEIGHT AS CHEST

CtlRV[:lJ UNES. el-BOWIS THICKEST PARr OF ARM

r

',~

,

, ,-

THICK, FORWARlJ-BENT _...-O B/.J/.../... NECK

.. '·r....."..

~---- 0 SHO/.J/...lJeRS SHOW SUGHT/...Y FROM ARM

HINTING AT A Few M/.JSCUS SHOWS 5TR£NGTH /.JNlJ£R FlAB ~--~---_- ,(2!2~"'"

, -

-

---- - ---

citt .••

BWNT lJffAIt.S IN --0 FINGERS, FACE, ere. TO MATCH OVERA/.../...

BWNTNESS OF FIG/.JRE

INlJIVIlJ/./A/... JOINTS ANlJ M/.JSCUS lARGel-Y ioer IN Ov[:RA/.../...MASS

-J2-

Ht.lNCH~Cl OV~R UK£ AN ANIMAl. ONTH~ PROWl.

0--_

, Tt.lRN ARM ANCl

---~\...-",--O N~CK INTO ONe

'\ /.ONG, io« SW&~P

C;~ SMORrlEGSANOlOWG

.-"':::===E~~~~ / F~&7; SIMltAR TO AN

ANIMAI.'S (S~~ "ANC/~NT B~ASTS")

/.ONG N~CK WITH H&ACl FAR AH&ACl OF BOClY - ANOTH&R PROWUNG TRAIT

-~

H~ACl HAS ONe MAJOR POINT, UK£ TH~ NOS~ OF A WOt.F OR SHARK, WHICH IS R&P&AT&ClIN

TH& HOOK£Cl NOG~, B&ARtJ, ANClJAW

'~~;;~~~~-.J~_!__-..1Iro UK£ A STARVING

ANIMAl., SHARP RlBCAG& NARROWS INTO THIN STOMACH

SHARP JOINTS

_;,;:;. -- STICK Ot./T; ClRASTIC

COMBINATION OF THICK ANCl THIN UMBS SHOWS WIRY STReNGTH

ANIMAl. SKIN COWl. - TH~ ACTt.lAI. TYP& OF ANIMAl. CAN B& St.lGG&ST~Cl WITHOt.IT TOO MANY ClISTRACTING Cl&TAII.S

~XTR&M~I.Y I.&AN CHARACT&RS HAV& SMAU Bt.IT Cl&TAII.~Cl Mt.lSCI.&S, ~SP~CIAUY ATTH~ JOINTS

~V~RY JOINT ANCl Mt.lSCI.~ STICKS oat; INCWClING KNt.lCKL.~S

~33-

BANDIT5 Wt:Rt: NOMADIC IROUSL.t:MAKt:R5 WJ..IO L.IVt:D OUT5IDt: TJ..It: L.AW. TJ..It:5t: 'IOUTL.AW5" RANGt:D FROM WRONGt:D DO-GOODt:R5 TO DI5GRACt:D ARI5TOCRATS TO TJ..IUGGISJ..I CROOKS. A BRIGAND'5 CL.0TJ..It:5 Wt:Rt: OFTt:N A MIX OF Pt:A5ANT RAG5 AND STOL.t:N FINt:RY.

AS A 5OCIAL. Rt:Bt:L., A BANDIT'5 APPt:ARANCt:

AND C05TUMt: 5J..10UL.D Rt:FL.t:Ci J..IIS RUGGt:O, CJ..IAOIIC INDIVIDUAL.ISM. A J..IAR5J..1 L.IFt: L.t:AVt:5 MANY WITJ..I A BROKt:N N05t: AND BAD Tt:t:TJ..I, BUT BRIGAND5 COVt:R UP iJ..lt:IR Dt:Ft:CiS WITJ..I t:XiRAVAGANi Jt:Wt:L.RY AND Bt:J..IAVIOR.

FIGlIRe IS SIX £Y£S WIU 8£

H£A(1S TAU ~ _ __ _.__ SHA(1£(1 BY

./ - ,-",,", 8R1M OF HAT

"'<\ e I, /

THICK, POW£I<FlI/,. CH£ST AN(1 SHOll/"(1£RS, A/,.THOllGH FIGlIRe t.ACKS TYPICA/,. H£ROIC PROPORTIONS

HOOK£(1 NOS£

MOST OF CHIN IS ACTlIAUY 8£AR(1

TlIRN N£CK AN(1 SHOll/"(1£R INTO ONe

8£NT UN£, MAKING 0. N£CK ClIRV£ MORe - "'-

(10MINANT AN(1 8l1UISH

CH£ST STICKS oar. AReA 8£/,.OW CH£STA/,.SO SW£US OllTTO SHOW CHARACT£R IS 8££FY RATH£R

THAN ReFIN£(1

.~

-;

FAlRi-Y SHORT /,.£GS

t.ARG£ HAN(1S

.~

t.ARG£ F££T IN H££/"£(1 BOOTS

£XC£PTION TO TH£ Rtlt.£ - STRAIGHT t.£GS IN PROFI/,.£

A/,.T£RNAT£ 8£7W££N ~~

STRAIGHT AN(1 ClIRV£(1 £(1G£S -itSk-- ~

-34-

A FORMAL-, I.fIGfICOUAR£l? COAT WlTfI EL-EGANT l?ETAIL-S, NOW

A L-ITTL-E RAG GEl? e-______

FANCY ear WORN fiAT; .--0 BRIM ACTS UKE BROW TO OVERSflAl?OW EYES

BANl?ITS AR£ OFTEN MIL-ITARY l?ESERTERS, ANl? BANl?1T KING MIGfIT

KEEP BAl?GES ANl? 0-----OTflER MEMENTOS OF

MARTIAL- CAR£ER

EVEN WflEN A BRlGANl?

ISN'T L-ARGE ANl? STRONG,

-; __. fiE flAS WIRY, WEU-

____ - l?EFINEl? ML.lSCL-ES

PATCflES, ~ I ESPECIAUY

AT JOINTS

L-OTS OF BEL-TS, BL.lCKL-ES, STRAPS, _ _..._,=. ANl? POL.lCflES

A CLJRVEl? L.lNKNIGflTL-Y SABER

?

FONl? OF FL-ASHY JEWEL-RY

--------- RAGGElJ, sar NOT

') ~ OVERL-Y SINISTER

COATTAIL-S; COMPAR£ TO KNIGfIT (P.27) OR WARJ.ORl? (P.29)

BANl?ITS flAVE STRONG, INl?/vIl?L.lAU~l?

PERSONAL-ITIES, WfllCfI CAN BE SflOWN BEST WlTfI STRONG, INl?IVIl?L.lAU~l?

NOSES. MOST FACES Al.SO flAVE A GENERAUY SKL./UUKE STRL./CTL.lR£, FACIALflAIR, ANl? EYES TflAT AR£ «oooeo BY EYEUlJS, BROWS,OR

fiATS.

-35-

L.eSS P/-IYSICAUY __ -------4) IMPOSING THAN BANOff KING, THIS FIGURE IS FIve HEA()s

------. t.ARGe CHIN ANO SMAU BRAIN FOR /"oW-RANKING BANOff THUG

t.lMBS COMING FORWARl1 /..OOK SHORreR ANO MORE ORASTlCAUY Ct/Rveo

Boor Ct/FF

? SCARS!

SUPeRSrffmUSC)- __

BANOffS weAR CHARMSANO AMUL.ffS

RAGGeO veer: peRliAPS OF A USS-THANsUCCeSSFUL. CROOK

KNIVeS ARE ~

CHEAPeR ANO ~ MORE CONveNIeNT

FOR »uer ANO

FOREST FIGHTING

NeCK Goes tiP RlGHr eetwes« eARS (see M1A~ON PROFIL-e ON P.37J

SUGHrt.Y MOR£ GRACeFtlL- veRSION OF peASANr ON P. 24; FIGtlR£ IS ..JtlS7 ove« .---0 FIve J.leAOS TAU

SMAU J.lANOS ANOFeer,

eL-80W

TJ.lICKeS7 PART OF ARM

-.

ON FeMAL-e FIGtlR£, 8eNr /..eGS ONL-Y COMe J.lAt.FWAY tiP FROM #lP TO WAIS7 - J.lOweveR T#lN OR J.leAW TJ.le CflARACTeR

t.OTS OF GOU? 8RACeL-erS ANO BANGL-eS

.__

t.ONG, WIL-O J.lAIR

OeL-lCATe 800TSOR suppeRS

,,- -#w*--

sur SKIRT FOR FR£e MOVeMeNr

-37-

THROUGHOUT TH~ ANCI~NT WORl..D, W15~ M~N AND WOM~N W~R~ B~l..I~V~D TO HAV~ SIRANG~ POW~RS OV~R NATUR~, SPIRITS, AND FAT~. CAl..l..~D MAGI, DRUIDS, WIZARDS AND WIICH~S, TH~Y W~R~ G~N~RAl..l.. Y R~Cl..US~S WHO US~D BRAINS RATH~R THAN BRAWN. F~W MAGI W~R~ IRUl.. Y ~VIl.., BUT MOST W~R~ DANG~ROUS AND Al..l.. W~R~ MYST~RIOUS! l..IK~ H~RO~S, MAGI COM~ IN Al..l.. SHAP~S AND SIZ~S, BUTTH~Y AR~ ~ USUAl..l.. Y IMAGIN~D l..IK~ THIS.

'!t- ~ A HIGH "HOOKElJ" COL.L.AR

&MPHAS/~&S TH& WNG N&CK, ANlJ

At.SO AlJlJS SINIBr&R SHAP&S TO

TH&FIGtlR£

Ct.ASSIC Wlh4RIJS HAlJ t.ONG, THIN FAC&S ANlJ W&R£ &IGHT H&AlJS HIGH

~~~--------~ A t.ONG8&ARlJ StlGG&BrS AG& ANlJ WISlJOM, ANlJ At.SO /..&NGTH&NS TH& N&CK

/

At.MOBr AU MAGI W&R£ CONN&cr&lJ TO TH& NATtiRAt. WORt.lJ IN SOM& WAY, ANlJ

CARRI&lJ A BrAFF OR WANlJ MAlJ& FROM A SACRElJ rsee t.lKE OAK, HOUY, ORASH

Wlh4RlJS W&R£ TH& ~--. ... SCI&NrIBrS OF TH& ANCI&Nr WORUl, ANlJ W&R£

&SP&CIAU'I INr&R£Br&lJ IN ASTRONOM'I ANlJ

/ ASTROt.OG'I

i J; ) \... WHlt.& THIS Wlh4RlJ IS V&R'I

v / I~ _ \ THIN, H& 1& NOT SKEt.flAt. -

l. HI& t.lM8& ANlJ MtlSCt.&S AR£

THINN&R THAN tlStiAt., sat S7'lU HAV& TH& THICKS ANlJ THINS OF A 'IOtlNG&R AlJtlL-T

WNG, THIN FING&R5 AR£ OL-lJ ANlJ &INIBr&R - ANlJ P&RF&CT FOR lJ&t.lCAT& &XP&RlM&NrS! ceee P. 45 FOR MOR£ lJflAlt.& ON THIN HANlJS)

R£P&ATING SHAP&& THROtiGHOtir A PICTtlR£ H&L-P TO VI&tlAU'I euu. AU TH&PI&C&S TOGflH&R

a.q€ a.ND P€RS0Na.LITY

A6 YOU'V~ PROBABL.Y NOrIC~D IN ~ARL.I~R ~XAMPL.~6, C~RrAIN 6HAP~6 AND L.IN~6 GO A L.ONG WAY rOWARD6 D~FINING A CHARAcr~R/6 P~R60NAL.liY.

B~L.OW AR~ 6OM~ iRICK6 ro 6HOW C~RrAIN COMB I NArlON 6 OF OL.D AG~ AND P~R60NAL.liY.

AU WRJNKL.eS t.eA(} TO ANGRY BROW, CeNTRAl.

FeATtlRe OF THIS ...

CHARACTeR O-.._ 11

oveeeu,

HARSH 0-ANGtlt.AR sHAPes

oveRAU, ROtlN(} SOFT SHAPes

(}IMPt.e WRJNKt.es ON SI(}e OF FAce FROM A UFeTIMe

OFSMIUNG

..... _----- '0 JOWt.S (}ROOP FROM A UFeTIMe OF SCOWUNG

-';'4&"$

GeNeRAuy, THe

Nose, eARS AN(} CHIN OF AN ocoee FAce STICK oar. WHIU THe CHeeKS AN(} UPS SINK IN. CONSI(}eR THIS eccevrsoc MAGICIAN:

t.ARGe,

SMAU eyes, ear ANGt.ff(} Uf?G saooeer OWUSH At.eRrNeSS

SHARP JAW STICKS oar

HOo.Kff(} NOsrRlt., WITH CHeffK WRJNKt.e FROM NOsrRlt. TO JAW, FOt./.OWING CtlRVe OF CHeeK

WITH MtlCH OF /.OWffR FAce TAKffN tiP BY SMlt.e, CHIN IS SMAt.UR THAN BROW

SOFT HOOKff(}

WIUJ, tlNKffMPr HAIR OF AN ffcceNTRIC

MOP OF HAIR, Nose AN(} CHIN AU HAve "HOOKff(}" CtlRVff, MORe SINISTeR THAN SOFT CtlRVe

iowe» TeeTH STICKING oor BffYON(} tiPpeR

TeeTH IS CReepy

'~'

MOtlrHIS

\ StiNK IN

t.ARGff SMlt.ff WITH

(}ANGeROtlS "HOOKff(}" cosve AN(} SINISTeR, (}eFINe(} TeeTH

MORe MO(}eRN Ct.OTHffS, STIU HIGH COt.t.AR

( ,

/ CU-ba-

-39-

-

S7Z1CJIO(.lS YOVTfI REUeS ON BRAINS OVeR BRAWN, SO Wfllt.e cseer IS WICJesr PARr OF TORSO, ITIS MIN/M/~eCJ BY Tfle fllGfI WAlsr

r- ,-',

(18f;' -__ \_ FIG(.IRE IS SIX

l -0 .--0 fleACJS fllGfI

/

-~

ARMS ARE TflIN, BVTWeU PROPORrIONeCJ

WNG NeCK SWPING l10WN --0 TO SflO(.lt.CJeRS At.SO S(.IGGesrSGRACeRATfleR TflAN STReNGTfI, BVT SflO(.lt.CJeRS ST/U SG/./ARet?

MOONANCJ srARS

OWt.

CA(.It.CJRON WlTfI MAGIC WRITING

NO PARTIC(.It.AR ieo M(.ISCt.eS, BVT ieee BeNT OVT SflOWS STRONG srANCe

~

(

'\

WANCJSANCJ srAFFSCAN COMe IN At.MOST ANYSflAPe - Be CReATIve!

ROBe flet.PS TO GIVeMORe "",~_ PReSeNCCTO St.eNCJeR FIG(.IRe

BOTfI flANCJS ANCJ eeer ARe WNG, BVT WlTfI STRONG 0---SG(.IARECJ-OFF TIPS

cit"*»

-40-

SIMPL.Y SIIAP&t7 PROPS At7t7t7&fAIL. ANt7 INt7IVlt7t1AUTY TO YOtlR CIIARACT&R.

FIGtlRe 15 SIX

L.ARG&;-t- ,....--=- 1I~()5 TAU

&Y&S,' e-J ..--0

I ~ ~I

I -

'-!---

WIIOL.& FL.OW OF FIGtlRe FROM

. II&At7 TO TO& L.~NSBACKWARt7,SIIOWING II&SffATION OR StlRPRlS&

WNG, 0-'\ SL.&Nt7&R N&CK

BarTL.&S

BOOK

IIIGII WAIST STARTS JtlST B&L.OW CII&57, eor» TO MINIMI?& CII&ST ANt7 MAK£ IIIP CtlRV/3 SUGJ.tr&R (ANt7 YOtlNG&RJ

SW&PT-BACK IIAIR WOKS YOtlNG, K£&PS FAC& ose« ANt7 &Nl?5 IN F&MININ& CtlRV&S

\

IIAVING UGS B&NT AWAY i

FROM &ACII orll&R CR£AT~) -'

tlNBAL.ANC&I7 WOK, ,,'/

ReiNFORCING It7~ TIIAT /

CIIARACT&R 15 STARTUt7 /

'.d PROFIU SIMIL.AR TO I~ /

El -e AMA?ON, ear wioe

-,._j oee« &Y&S ANt7 opeN

MOtlrll SIIOW L.&SS

CONFlt7&NC&

GIV& eve» TII& SIMPL.eST OBJeCTS CtlRV&S ANt7 VARIATION TO At7t7 UFe

ONCe AGAIN, FL.OWING ROBeS

t70N'T Hlt7& roo

MtlCII OF FIGtlRe

: ORACTION

CWAK eCIIOeS

BACKWARt7 L.~N OF . CIIARACT&R

L.&SS VARIATION IN BOClY jlllCKS ANt7 TIIINS TIIAN - TYPICAL. HeROINe (P. 20) ANt7 MtlCII L.eSS TIIAN AMA?ON (P. 30)

SCROUS

CR£ASeSIN CL.orHeSAT JOINTS

P&NANt7INK

-41-

TJ.le Ol./TOOOR I?RtlIl?S COMMONl.Y WOR£ J.lOOl?S OR POINTel? J.lATS

FIGI.IR£ IS SeVeN J.leAl?S TAU

BACK BeNT BY AGe; IN TJ.lIS CAse, me SOFT CI.IRVe St./GGeSTS A l?eceNT CJ.IARACTeR - A SJ.lARPeR BeNt) woaco INl?lCATe A MOR£ SINISTeR CJ.IARACTeR

STI.IRllY WOOl?eN STAFF

oveRS/~el?, GNAR.t.el? J.lANl?S

ANI? eeer o-_ r~]j

\~) .

AGAIN, eveN SIMPLeST SJ.lAPeS SJ.lOl.ll.l?

J.lAve VARYING CI.IRVeS ANI? TJ.lICKNeSS

r

TJ.le KNee IS ACTt./AUY MAl?e

OF I.IppeR ANI? '- ' iowe« PARTS' ~

cioee TO NATI.IR£, I?RtlIl?S weR£ cioee TO ANIMAl.S; TJ.leY weR£ Al.SO aeeo TO TJ.le l?eATJ.I ANt) l?eCAY TJ.lAT IS TJ.le I?ARKeR Sll?e OF NATI.IR£

A RAGGel? TRA veUNG Cl.OAKWAS

NeceSSARY IN TJ.le coio ANt? wu» NORTJ.I

TJ.leIR J.lARl? uves LeFT I?RtlIl?S WITJ.I TOt./GJ.I, TJ.lIN BOl?leS - eveRY INI?/V/I?/.JAl. Mt./SCLe ANI? JOINT STANl?S oar. espeCIAUY AT TJ.le eL.BOWS ANI? KNees

I?RtlIl?S weNT BAR£FOOT, BOO'T"e{1, OR ---0 WRAPpel? IN oco RAGS

-42-

I-IERAGEIS SI-IOWNBYI-IER NECK St.OPING INfO AL.MOST NONEXISTENf SI-IOtlUJERS

~

ANlMAt.-UKE EARS; WlrCI-IES WERE SOMETIMES ~ StlPPOSECl TO TtlRN '\.

INfO CREATtlRES ~_HI

OR FAIRIES

FIGtlRE IS FIVE l-lEAClS TAU, wa»

t.ARGE EYES ~

ClOMINATING FACE '\. ~."..",.__.

STRAGGt.Y I-IAIR CtlRVES BACK ~ BEMNCl FIGtlRE

'<, I-IERSMIt.E ~ SI-IOWS INClIVICltlAUY ClRAWN TEETI-I

SMAU, MGI-I CI-IEST ~NCl t.ARGE I-IIPS - ---0 SIMlt.AR TO TI-IE MtlCI-I WIClER TORSO OF TI-IE CI-IINES PEASANf (P. 24)

KNOBBY Ct.AWUKEI-IANClS wn» Btlt.GING KNtlCKt.ES

aeusu» UVING IN THE Wlt.ClERNESS,

WlrCI-IES WERE !f MASTERS OF oio

FOt.K REMEClIES, HEAUNG Pt.ANfS,

ANCl POISONS

I /'

RAGbECl SHAPES FO~ ;;'"

#ER HAIR ANt? t;JJ (

Ct.r.7THES, A UTnE

MO~ EXTREME (ANCl 5,INISTERJ THAN

TI-I0iE OF THE ClRiJICl

ON HARl?WORK/NG /'oWER t.EGS, AU THAT IS t.EFT IS MtlSCt.E ANCl BONES

WlrCI-IES WERE PRACTlCAt., ANCl PR£FERRECl WORK ......e BOOTS

t.ARGE EYES, EARS, ANCl

?CHIN _{

CI-IEEKS

sacoe CJtIT

"FROMEYES TO BOTTOM OF NECK

SMOOTH ANCl SHARPEN OtITUNES

«if,k ..

HaNKS

rfl~ ANC/~Nr essr

WAS F/'/U OF WANl1~RlNG MONKS WflO eruou» rfl~ S~CRflS OF NAr/./Re, IMMORTAl-trY, ANl1 MARTIAlARTS. Y~ARS OF f?ISCIPUN~ ANf? roao« 0l/1l100R UF~ ierr rfl~M /.OOKING UK& wtzesso MONK&YS!

BAMBOO Ctll1G&I(F~NCING srAFF)

.>

SMAU, COMPAcr rORSO wm« V~RY f?erIN~f? M/./!SCI-~S

SflORr, ~,IC!==-"" BROAl1

-~--~ N05e

\ tow. w/l1~ MOurfl o ANl1 SMAU CflIN

~p·m:&'rmmtf~

CA'-ABASfI (A f?RI~f?

flOUOW GO/./Rl1 CONrAIN~R) WAS /'/S~f? BY MONKS ro NOl-f? WAr&R OR M&l1ICIN&

ro SflOW eor» rfllS MONK'S ANC/~Nr SAGACtrY ANl1 filS cae/osrrr, fI~ flAS rfl~ RO/'/Nf?~f?

F~Ar/./ReS OF A MONK&Y

JACK&r WRAPP~l1 ARO/./Nf?

WAIST; S~VI3RAI- MONKS W~Re FAMO/./S MONsr~R KlU&RS, ANl1 WORe rfl& SKINS OF rfl~ SAVAG~ B~srs rflfl flAl1 S'-AIN

Y~RS OF M~f?lrArION ANf? ~ PflYSlCAI- f?ISCIPUN~ GAV13

MONKS GRAa ANl1 BA'-ANC~

__ ~~_I-005~ rRO/'/S~RS FOR • l1YNAMIC MOV~M~Nr

/.ONG, rOGAUK& ROB~ neo CI-05~f? Ar rfl~ WAlsr ANl1 SPI-IrrING INrO TWO PARTS »r rfl~

-44-

/"oNG SPIlJeR/..IKe flANlJS 0-

SKLJU-/..IKe FACe. 80ClY IS elGIIT

" fleAlJS fllGfi

filS pose IS /..Ow ANlJ CRO/./CflelJ, /..IKe ~ A WI/..lJANlMA/..

- ~ /,~D:--- ....... """",,,,,,,",,~

. ...

COAr lJeCORArtON R£INFORceS lJRAGON MorlF OF Ct.AwelJ flANlJS r ANlJ COArrAI/..S

-ooee» SfiAPeS, espeCIAUY IN cionee

/..IKe t.ARGeR JOINrS, KN/'/CK/.eS 8/.//..Ge our FROM rfilN FINGeRS

secsaee ner AR£ em, rr IS ASS/./MelJ rfiAr NeCRoMANceRS flAve "CfleArel7' A srrro oer poweR, ANlJ lJepeNlJ ON SINIsreR oeiecrs ANlJ Jewet.RY ro S/./srAIN rfieM

/..ONG, SPIlJeRY

/".«85

/..ONGFeerrO BAt.ANCe flANlJS

SfiO/.//..lJeR 8t.AlJe cONNecrlNG ARMrORl8

--~-

Cflesr ctlRVeS our IN FRONr OF SPINe

oatwoe OF Cflesr, «oer BOClY PARrS AR£ /./NIFORM/..Y "fIIN, Wfffl NO M/./SCU, /..IKe ASKe/..erON

SfiARP KNees; sfiO/.//..lJeRS ANlJ el..BOWS snc« our

...._____ _ /..IKe CApes, /..ONG

~ COArrAI/..S AlJlJ MASS ro FIG/./R£, ANlJ fleR£ eaooeer rAI/..

Ht\.NDS t\.ND P6RS0Nt\.LITY

NORMA/.. flANlJ flAS t.ARGe, S()I.IAR£ BAse

velNSANlJ reNI?ONS Nor VISI8U

rfle SeCONlJ OF 3 KN/./CKt.es IS S/..IGIIT/..Y t.ARGesr PARr OF FINGeR.

reNlJONS encr oar

PAt.MAReA SMAueR R£t.ArlVe to /..ONG FINGeRS

FINGeRS MAKe A 8/.//..8 eNlJ, /..IKe A 81RlJ'S rA/..ON

AU KN/./CKt.e JOINrS snc« our FROM SKIN, Wfffl MANY WRlNKt.eS; SeCONlJ .

KN/./CKt.e ON FINGeRS erne rfle t.ARGesr

-45-

LaRDS dND r.ames

i3~L.OW AR~ V~RY G~N~RAL. COSTUM~S FOR ARISTOCRATS; TH~IR W~AL. TH AL.L.OW~D TH~M TO W~AR A DAZZL.ING VARI~TY OF CL.OTH~S OV~R TlM~ AND THROUGHOUT TH~ WORL.D.

BUT TH~ BASIC ID~A IN DR~SSING L.ORDS AND L.ADI~S IS TO GIV~ TH~M OUTFITS THAT AR~ D~L.ICAT~, L.ONG AND FL.OWING, AND CL.OS~ FITTING (AND TH~R~FOR~ V~RY ~XP~NSIV~!), WITH L.OTS OF D~L.ICAT~ D~TAIL.S.

UKE 80llY, /-t&AO IS SIMPL..&, #&GANr PL..AN& WJr/-tOtff MtJCII srRtJCTtJRAL.. Off AIL.. ~

FIGtJR& IS JtJS1 OV£RSIX , /-t£AosrAU

£V&N SIMPL..£, MASCtJL..IN£ /-tArs /-tAV£ F£Ar/-t£RS OR 8AOG£S

#/G/-t ORNAr£o._ COL..L..AR "<,

_' ;~ -~JftIIoo~..........,.

PtJFFY SL..££V£S _ IMJrAr& /-t£ROIC ~ WARRIOR MtJSCL..£S

L..ONG I?£UCAr£

SWORO \

NARROW SL..&£V£S WJr/-tFANCY CtJFFS

CL..OS£F/77ING

?/-tOS£

FL..ARlNG JACKEr 8OTTOM, COMPL..ff£ WJr/-t £M8ROIO£RY ANO FtJR tRIMMING

-ifi.k»

POINr£1? _ ~

SUPP£RS OR wL..OW800rS

-46-

FIG?lR~ IS A STATny ~/GHT I{£Al?S TAU

(

~i

.1 \

:/

'f

/,1

I •

r t

?lP1URN£l? FAC£ S?lGG£GrS IIA?lGJITY S£tF-IMPORTANC£

...___ SIl?£ VI£W SIMltAR TO

--0 AMAZON (P. 30), At. TI{O?lGII I{~R& CIi£ST ANl? P£t.VlS AR& M?lCIi SMAU£R

SMAU ANl? RO?lNl?£l?

UM8S T#lN St.OWt.Y FROM TORSO TO £XTR£MITI£S, WITI{ SUGHT CtlRVING O?IT 8£L.OW ~t.80WS ANl?

KN££S

t.ONG, STRAIGHT UN£S CARRY TI{RO?lGII TO F££T

£XTR£M£t.Y t.ONG t.£GS ANl? N£CK SIIOWGRAce

,---

J/-'

_. _j

SMAUIIANC1S ANl?F££T; INl?/vIl??lAt.

I FING£RS MINIMIZ£l?

WAIGr COM£S IN SUGHTL.Y FROM IIIPS IN FRONT, COM£S IN MOR£IN8ACK

FlGtJRIi'S "N{;S~

FAIRLY STRAIGHT OR I

G~NTU CtlRveS -

NO l?RAGrIC 8?1t.G~S

OR ANGUS MAR S~l?AT£ GRAce

GrANl?ING ON TlP-TO£

S?lGG£GrS l?£t.lCACY, ANl? 0----Al?C1S TO IMPOSING II£IGHT

c1tf.*"

IN eveRY PlAce ANtJ 17Me, lAtJles PReFeR FANCY BRAltJS, fiATS, ANtJTIARAS

eyes WlTfI UGfIT UtJS !..OOK YOIJNGeR ANtJ MORe eNeRGeTIC, eYes WlTfI fleA VIeR utJS ANtJ lASfleS !..OOK -::- ..... ~ / MORe AtJIJlT ANtJ SOPfllSTICATetJ

IN NORTfleRN O...__---COIJN7RIes, ClOTfIING OFTeN TRlMMetJOR eooea WlTfI FIJR

c!..OseFITTING BOtJlce

IJNleSS flANtJS ARe speCIFICAUY WING SOMeTflING, Keep AS

/ 5'MPU 5HAPtf5

AN IMPORTANT TRICK IS leARNING TO BOIL WWN COMPleX IMAGeS (UKe Tfle FleIJR-tJe-US) INTO MORe BASIC SflAPes

seveRAL lAyeRS OF eMBROltJeRetJ FABRIC

tJeUCATe GlASS suppeR

PIJMPKIN • eMBROltJeRY

CUi-*-

-48-

lIeR£ ANP eeio« IIIGII WAISf ANP FlOWING GOWN (BelOW) IIAve UGIff, PR£AMUK£ QlIAU7Y

/.

·r'1 .

\- \;S -. ,

i- "-0 eVeNlY SPA(;eP x

FINGeRS lOOK r/3NSe -

FOR R£t.AXep HAN(l, ~

SIIOW FINGeRS AS .

ClIRVCP MASS, OR lINeVeNlY SPA(;eP

o SMAU, POINTep IIAN(}s ANP reer

eyeUNe ClIRVCSlIP ANPAWAY FROM BOClY, MAKING NeCK lOOK lONGeR

PRlN(;eSS'S TIARA

FANCY eMBROIPeRY SHOWS PRAGON

ANP Rose T#lSfles - MAJOR PARTS OF Tile "SleePING BeAlITY" SfORY

FlOWING oaree SleeVCS R£SeMBle FAIRY OR PRAGON WINGS, WIIIle BIUOWING • SIIAPes eaooesr AIRY

./" - eNCHANTMeNT

WITIIOllT BeING TOO RAGGe(l, Pff/-lCA773 PR£SS IS WORN lJOWN AFTeR A 1I1INPR£P YeARS!

lONG Sleevcs R£INFOR(;e pff/-lCATe ARMS ANP APP APPITIONAllAyeR OF ClOTIIING

-49-

UN1.IK~ TH~ CUT~ PIXI~5 ON MOD~I<N PO£TCARD5, TH~ 5IDH~ (01< "51TH" OR "TUATHA D~ DANAAN") W~I<~ AN ANCI~NT, ~1.~GANT RAC~. TH~Y I<U1.~D 5Y1.VAN FA~I<I~ KINGDOM5, BUT W~I<~ U1. T1MAT~1.Y DI<IV~N UND~I< TH~ HI1.1.5 AND OV~I< TH~ 5~A5 BY TH~ N~W ~MPIR~5 OF MAN.

TH~ 5IDH~ AI<~ 1.01<D1. Y AND B~AUTlFU1. (AND JU5T A urn,e 5INI5T~R), AND W~AI< ~1.~GANT J~W~1.I<Y, W~APON5 AND C1.OTH~5.

PIGtlR& IS SIX

fI~1?S rAU, MOR&

UK£ A ~~N rflAN A STRAPPING fI~RO 0---

SP~, SfIOtlUl~RS, ANfl

"'" ARM AU ANGI-&fl IN

D SAM~ GeNeRAl. fllR&crlON, fI#PING ro POCtIS ~N~RGY OPPOS~

tlNUK£ KNIGId, srRONG C#~5r BAtANcefl om ElY

i /..ONG, W~UPORMefl UMSS

eli-f.i.

Slflfl~ flAfl SMAt.l-&R ARM SOCK£rS rflAN MORrAt.S, sar Wflll-& rfl~ tlPP~R ANfl iowe« . ARM weR& BASlCAUY rfle

.:::.....+:.,-----'III~SAM~ Wlflrf.l, rfl~ SflOtlt.fl~R

WAS 5rIU rfl~ rfllCK£5r

see SIt)fI~ PARr OP rfl~ ARM, ANfl rfle

PAce fl~Alt.S, . ~POR£ARM SeCONfl rHICK£5r

ON sexr PAG~. .

CH~5rrflINS oar ro WAI5r

, _ .c-,__ • UK£ GR&YfIOtlNt), BtIr Nor

i ~ _-- / . - AS flRA5rIC OR flARSfI AS

SGltJAR&tl OPP ANfl weu. flePIN~fl; , j---- ___

~ <, \.

UK£ APPR&Nrlce (P. 40) s '" \

MtlSCI-&S SI-&NfleR sar r~ <,

weu fl~PINefl ,

/ ---0

I-&GS ARE SPR£Afl ANfl pe~ POINr om IN srRONG STANce,

, sar flAVING ON~ KN~~ rtlRN~t)

IN eoereve rfllS POS~ .,it.* ..

PA7T~RNSON C#~5rARMOR WIUS~ cevreseo ON rfllSUNe

rfllN HANflS .

ANfl,:e~ ~ .

. //

-52-

ll&/../CAT& #&t.M&r Wff# FL..ORAL.. OR ASTRONOMICAL..

~ Il&SI(}NS

L..ON(} FL..OWIN(} I-IAIRIS

&t..&(}ANr ANll ~ A irme WIL..ll

MORG SW/R/./NG .

SOt..AR L..O(}OS, C&Nr&Rell ON /"/N& IlOWNTORSO

SWIRt..IN(} CL..OTI-I ANll #AIR At..SO Allll W&I(}!-Ir ANll MOV&M&Nr TO POS&

SINC& TI-I& Slll#& weRe t..ORll5 OF MA(}IC, ARMOR IS INCR£1l18L..Y ORNAM&NrAL..

ANll IMPRACTICAL.. - BY MORrAL.. STANllARIl5!

BASIC PARrS ANll PROPORTIONS SIMlt..AR TO A KNI(}#r, ONL..Y MORe 0...

SL..&Nll&R ANllll&t..lCAT& "<,

THE SIDH€ Fa.C€

ARC#&1l I-IAIRt..IN& ANll £Y&8ROWS WIU &MPI-IASIU

St..ANr&1l £Y&S _ ,_

~;<~

....... ---::D

807T0MOF &ARFOUOWS

MOtITl-IlS CL..OS&RTO NOS&TI-IAN

TOC#IN

, #I(}I-I

I C#&&KS

--e '0

SMAUNOS& ANll NosrRIt..S

NOS&IS t..OW&R, I-IAL..FWAY8&7W&&N &Y&S ANll C#IN

-53-

FIGt.lR£ IS . (---')

t.ONG, l - I TI-IIN Q,_

N<CK "'/' _./

-_ ~

WIlJ~ST PART OF CI-/~ST IS POINT~Cl

Ct.IRve

/ AL-MOST N~veR lJRAW FIGt.lI<ES FACING lJIR£CTt.Y FORWARIJ, ClIFF~R£NT SllJ~S ARe MOR£ OR L-~SS Ct.IRV~S, NOT ~veN OR

. P~RF~CTL.Y PARAU~L-

5IMP~, G~OMffRlC

! I-IAIR5TYL-~ ANlJ CROWN OF fL-OW~RS

TI-I~ WORL.lJ 15 eau. OF STRANG~ ANCl B~t.lTIFt.lL-

OBJ~eT5: TI-IIS FAIRY L-t.IT~ 15 WOS~L-Y 8AS~Cl ON INlJIAN SITARS

Ta

5MAU I-IANl/5 ANCl reer. t.ONG FING~RS

PROPORTIONS

, 51MltAR TO, Bt.IT SUGI-IT~R TI-IAN,

j tACl/~S ON P. 47-49

WI-I~N ClRAWING OBJ~eT5 OveRtAPPING, UK£ UN~ OF Mt.lSIC INS'TRiJM~NT5 ANCl FOReARM, AVOIlJ UN~5 TI-IAT AR£ TOO PARAU~LOR COt.lL-Cl OTI-I~RWIS~

B~ CONFt.lS~Cl WITI-I ~CI-/ OTI-I~R - tV~RY PART SI-/Ot.lL-Cl B~ CU3AR ANCl (lIST/NeT

SIMPL-~, G~OMffRlC ORNAM~NTS ANCl J~W~L-RY

TI-IANKS TO P~RSP~C77ve, ~G COMING FORWARCl L-OOK5 5UGI-ITL-Y t.ONG~R ANCl COM~5 tJOWN L-OW~R

-54-

MANY NYAl?5 W~R£ St./PPOS~t:? TO HAV~ WINGS; SINC~ TH~Y W~R£ WAT~R BAS~(J, IT MIGHT B~ serree TO GIV~ TH~M t:?RAGONFI..Y WINGS INST~At:? OF F~ATH~RS

FIGt./R£ IS F/v~ MOR£ ANlMAI..-

H~Al?5 TAl../.. ua ~RS TO

O~ St./GG~STA

/' . CI..OS~ UNK TO

NATt./R£

iH~R~ W~R~ 5~V~RAL. 1JL.~55~R" FA~RI~5, INCL.UDING iH~ WIL.D 5PIRli5 OF RIV~R5, L.AK~5, AND W~L.L.5. iH~ NYAD5 (iO U5~ iH~IR GR~~K NAM~) W~R~ WIL.D~R, L.~55 R~GAL. AND MOR~ CHIL.DL.IK~ iHAN iH~ 5IDH~ ARI5iOCRACY.

BY Wlt:?~NING TH~ OV~RAI../.. FAC~ ANt:? ~N/..ARGING TH~ ~Y~S OF A STANt:?ARt:?

FA~RI~ /..Al/Y, YOt./ G~ CHI/..CJUa PROPORTIONS APPROPRlAT~ FOR TH~S~ P/..AYFt./1..

USS~R FA~RI~S

~ ..

""-

,I \

k

vt:RY I..ONG, t:?~/../CAT~ FING~RS

I..OTSOF ROt./Nt:?~t:? Ct.IRV~S, Bt.IT UGSSTII../.. .,._.- .. ., NARROW TO

t:?AINT;' KN~~S

NYAl?5 AR£ MOR£ ACT/v~ THAN TH~/R R£GAI..

COt./NT~RPARTS, ANt:? --B W~R CI..OTH~S THAT

--- - AI../.. OW MOV~M~NTOF

TH~ ARMS ANt:? I..~GS

N~V~R t:?RAW FING~RS TOO ~V~NI..Y PARAI../..~I..

C4la*--

-55-

LARGe,

NYA()5 CAN Be eveN

MOR£ CL-eARI-Y UNK£O TO THeIR eNVIRONMeNT BY MOOeUNG THeM ON WATeRY CReArtJR£S UK£ FROGS, ORAGONFUeS ANO FISH.

UK£ A FROG, TORSO SMAueR ANO ARMS THINNeR THAN HeAO,

HIPS, ANO ieoe

I-ONG, FROGUK£FINGeRS

HIPS AR£ wloe BmFLATTO MAK£THIGHS MOR£ fX)MINANT

ORAGONFI-Y WINGS FORA WATeRYUFe

..

PtJueO-BACK HAIR ANO BROW TO CHeeK ORAWN AS ONe CtJRVf3 TO eMPHASI?e Wlf?rH OF FAce

Wloe, FROGGY CHeeKSANO NosrR/l-S,

. A ANO FISH./""'" UK£ UPS

THIS care sar 000 FAIRY CAN Be ORAWN WITH "SQtJAl<eO" CtJRVf3S TO eaooeer POweR BeNeATH HeR »enre eXTeRIOR

SIMPI-e CL-OTHeS MAoe OF UAves, WITH peBBl-eS ANO

SHeus FOR Jewel-RY

NeVf3R Be AFRAIO TO CHANGe A pose - THAT'S WHAT

eRAseRS AR£ FOR!

iovo FROG roes /

COI-OR£O BAN()5ANO -0 PATCHes ON THe SKIN, UK£ AMPHIBIANS ANOFISH

Cltbk"

-56-

SYLVdH FdeRleS

rH~ WILD FA~RI~S OF rH~ FOR~SrS AND FI~LDS (rH~ GR~~K DRYADS) W~R~ ~V~N MOR~ ROBUSr AND ANIMAL-LIK~. 5OM~ W~R~ PARr ANIMAL, WHIL~ orH~RS W~R~ AcrUAL ANIMALS WIIH SUP~RNArURAL ABILIII~5.

SIMPt.€ CROWN OF L.eAVeS ANI?

FwweRS

WOOl? e: ves ARe MORe ROB/./sr TflAN Tfle GRACeF/./L. SITfI; TfllN

«ec« ARMS, ANI? WAIsr OFFSff BY BROAI? Cflesr ANI? /..ARGe flANI?S ANI? seer

(}RYAI? CL.OTfleS AReAL.SO SIMPL.eAN() soeeer TfleMel?

I?RYAClG ARe OFTeN ARMe(} WITflWNG (}AGGeRS, BOWS, AN(}(}ARrS

/..ARGe, ANlMAL.-UKe eYes ANI? &ARS

(}RYA(}S ARe FIVe TO SIX fI&AClG TAU

UKe stoer ANIMA/..S, TORSO IS TfllCKesr AT RIBS, Beww Cflesr - MORrAL.S ARe WI(}esr IN Tfle Cflesr ITSeL.F

roessr SPIRITS CAN flAve GOATUKe "CflIN WflISKeRS,"

OR SMAU BeAR(}S

"" SMAU B/./T

.. SQ/./ARe()

SflO/./L.(}eRS

UKe MORrAL. TeeNS, NARROWUMBS srR£NGTfleNel? BY TfllCK M/./SCL.e C/./Rves OF TfllGflS, CAL. ves, AN(} FOReARMS

BAReFOOT ORSIMPL.e suppeRS

SINce BO(}Y WelGfIT IS ON TfIIS L.eG, IT IS CeNTeRe(} /'/Nl?eR Tfle BO/?'/, AN(} TfllS fliP IS fIIGf/eR TflAN Tfle OTfleR

-it}*---

-57-

HANlIMAN IS TH~& TO FOllR H&AfJS TAU (BlIT N&V&R STANfJS liP

BTRAI6HD\

c/"/RV&SA~ SHARP&N&t/ A BIT TO SHOW OANG&ROllS SIO&

OF CHARACT&R ,

OFCOllRS&,

SOMfflM&S B&ASTLY FA&RI&S APP&AR AS MANUKe ANIMALS. IN TH& IN!7IAN &PIC "RAM,4YANA," TH& MONKeY KING HANlIMAN H&LPS RAMA ~SC/../& TH& PRINceSS SITA FROM TH& C/../RS&O FORTRESS OF RAVANNA.

&N&RGff/C POS&FlIUOF twISTS

AGAIN, WIO&ST PART OF TORSO IS RIBS, NOT CH&ST

MGH NOS&, L.ONVG -_ lIPP&R Up, ANO SMAUCHIN .

TAIL CONTINlI&S S&&PING c/"/RVE

OF SPIN& ~ ~"!,=,,,

C/../RV&S OF H&LMff &CHO MISCHI&VOllS C/../RV&S OF eyes ~

IN TI-I& "RAMAYANA," I-IANlIMAN WI&U)S A MOllNTAINTOP OF BlIRNING, MAGICAL

! FL.OW&RS

j,

--:?

~( ~" ,J

~'_) ~U )

(

.'

\ SIMPL&, GRAPMC POS& 6 ANO L./N&S TO SHOW BOLON&SS ANO &NeRGY OF CHARACT&R

SUGI-ITLY 1-I00KeO

N~LSSI-IOW ,,---- _

I-IANlIMAN'S WILO SIO&

IN 71-11S GRAPMC POS&, MANY MINOR SI-IAP&S A~ FIT INTO SIMPLeR, LARG&R SI-IAP&S TO Ke&P 71-1& OV&RAU FORM OF 71-1& FIGlI~ SIMPU ANt? BOLO

-~8-

-g·"'1;·

FIGtlRff IS ONt-YFOtlR H~A()sTAU

<,

THIGH IS H~Rff, ~ ear FtlR MAKeS tlPP~R uo WOK

THICKeR, ~SP~CIAUY AT TH~KN~~

ROtlNt? oar HOOV~S ~

PRffS~NrS!

»

WHIU FAtlNSHAV~ IMPISH, CHIt-t?UKe FAC~S, aee TH~ BASIC F~ATtlRffS ANt? PROPORTIONS OF A GOAT TOKe~PTH~M WIW!

At-WAYS VARY THICKN~SS ANt? CtJRV~S IN UMBS, Of----SCROUS, OR ANY orH~R CYUNt?~R SHAP~S

CH~~KS STICK oar ON SIt?~S

SMAU B~Rt?

SHAGG Y BtIr A

SOFrFtlR ,,-------- __

-59-

GOBL.ING AR~ TH~ DARK GID~ OF TH~ FA~RI~ WORL.D. WHIL.~ IT'G NOT AL.WAYG CL.~AR WHAT G~PARAT~G GOBL.ING FROM FA~RI~G - GOM~ OF WHICH AR~ QUIT~ NAG1Y - GOBL.INS T~ND TO B~ MOR~ UGL. Y AND ANIMAL.~L.IK~ THAN OTH~R FAIR FOL.K.

YOU CAN GTART GOBL.IN FAC~G WITH TH~ BAGIC ANIMAL. H~AD AT RIGHT, OR A MOR~ GP~CIFIC ANIMAL. 1YP~ L.IK~ PIGG OR F~RR~TG, TH~N TWIGT TH~ GHAP~G AND D~TAIL.G TO MOR~ GINIGT~R ~NOG.

CtlRV~OP ffOOfJ SffOWS ROtlNfJN~SS OPPAC~

/~-l

Cff~~K / '-

MtlZU~ I

CffIN

BROW

/ ~Y~S

--/

SNOVT

BASICAUY, CIRCl~ WJ7'ff SMAU SNOVT

SMAU~Y~S ffAlFWAY fJOWN ff~AfJ

RAGG~fJ, WJ7'CfIY ffAIR

fftlG~, PROWt.JNG

~Y~S rAKe tiP roe O-____

PRONr OP ff~AfJ _______

SMAU ~RS SW~~P

BACK B~fflNfJ ff~fJ

CffIN S7'lCKS OVT ..---l~SS rffAN NOS~

srRONG~R JAW

N~CK COM~S BACK PROM ff~fJ, ANfJ IS SAM~ rf{JCKN~SS AS ff~fJ

tcmp·!iY'Mf .•

.JOWlS

ffARSff .JOWlS, -OSMAU CffIN

-60-

~Y~S, CARS, ANO NOS~ ARe RA~OR-SJlARP - P~RF~CT FOR SNCAKlNG!

r

BAO!

~

GOOO!

~

SJlORr, SMAU N~CK SL.OP~S OV£R SMAU SJlOllL.O~RS TO TJlIN ARMS , .... ---0

~....-;-:~;~~

WCAK ARMS WITJI SPIO~RY FING~RS

sorro« OF TORSO ANO L.eGS lIS~ ANIMAL. PROPORTIONS (S~~ PP.7E3-79)

WCAK, lINO~RS/~O C;;~ST OV~RSJlAt?OW~O BY SJlleL.O

SIMPL.~, MINIM/~O TORSO WITJI NO MlISCL.e OISTINCTION

~/'~

GIANT SKi./U JlCAO IS FOCt./S ....0 OF FIGtiRe

L.lMBSARe BASlCAUY ANGlIlAR ____. STICKS

FIGtiRe ANO P05~ SIMPL.e ~NOtlGJI TJlAT ~V£N PARTS IN SIL.;{OlleTTe ARe CASY TO ReAO

~6I-

.,U.i.

BRUT€S

BASICSKlJU SffAP~ Wffff lARGff Cf.{IN

"-c.- -===.:- POW~RFtlt. N~CK APf?S

... TO tlNCONVI3NTIONAt., ___ tlNff~ROIC STReNGTff

MOST PANG~ROtiS

AMONG Tff~ GOBt.lNS ARe Tff~ BRtff~S SOMffIM~S CAU~P ORCS (FROM Tffff Ot.P ~NGt.lSff ORCN~S, OR "WAt.KlNG PeA[),'). »eee ARe Tff~ STRONGffST GOBt.lNS, BtIT AVOIP tlSING ffffROIC PROPORTIONS WffffN APPING MtlSCt.~S TO T}{~/R BOP/~S.

FIGtlRe IS tlNffffROIC FlVff ANP A ffAt.F ffffAf?S TAU

MINIMIZffP --0 SffOtlt.PffRS TO

~ - ffMPffAS/~ff N~CK

i

"

Cf.{~STANP

.., SffOtlt.P~RS ARe WIP~, BtIT NOT f{!Gff

t.ONG ARMS ANP -0 lARG~ FOReARMS ARE t.lK£ A GORlt.lA'S

BASIC, FtiNCTIONAt.

/ ff~t.Mff

ove SIP~ srRAIGHT, ON~ SIP~ Cl../RVI3P

lARGff ffANf/S ANPF~ff

BROK£N, RAN[}()M sire OF

M$~TCf.{ffP~---1 .~ _

ARMOR

srRANG~, SINISTffR lANTffRN FOR NOCTtlRNAt.

~ACTIVI7Y

GOBt.lNS ARe NOT GRACffFtlt.:MtlSCt.~S ANP ..JOINTS CAN B~ ~MPffASIZffP

-62-

IN SL.OtJCIIIN(} POSE, NECK CtJRVE SWEEPS oow« rl-lROtJ(}1-I rORSO TOL.E(}S

EYEBROWS ARE EXTRA CIIANCE TO SI-IOW tJNIQtJE

____. PERSONAL.1fY AN(}

FI(}tJRE IS FIVE I-lEAf7S ~. (.r:::~~lIr& EMOtIONS OF CIIARACTER

TAU. BASIC I-lEA() OF A / ')

FERAL. CR/17ER UKE A ~

WEASEL. OR RAr I

''--

\l

WN(}, WEASEL.Y NECK

SU(}!.ffL.Y I-ItJMAN NOSE FORAN tJNNArtJRAL.

CREATtJRE

TORSO IS WN(}, FUXIBL.E, AN(} SNAKEUKE

EYES L.OOKIN(} OFF TO SI(}E OR BACK SI-IOW StJSPICION OR SNEAKINESS

",,'I

.-=,'-

UKE AN/MAL.S, SHORr L.E(}S WITI-I nec« FtJRRY TI-II(}/-IS AN(} TI-I/N WWER U(}S

RArUKE reer« AN(} WI-IISKERS

I-ItJMANUKE TOES

(;, WW SWORt? BA1.ANCES I-ItJNCIIE() BOW UKE A rAIL.

TH~ DWARROW AR~ ~ARTHY FA~RI~S THAT OFT~N L.IV~ AND WORK UND~RGROUND. TOUGH AND SKIL.L.~D, TH~ DWARROW AR~ AL.50 SHORT; THIS IS TH~ ORIGIN OF TH~ WORD "DWARF." 5OM~ AR~ KINO AND 5OM~ AR~ DANG~ROUS, BUT AL.L. AR~ CRAFTY AND STUBBORN.

~l-

S'TRONGL.Y ctJRVe{;J ARM ANt1 L.eG MtlSaeS POR A (;JePINe{;J B/../1' veRY rl-llCK PIGtlRe

RAIse{;J ARM MeANS RAISe{;J Si-lOtlU1eR, AN{;J ctJRVe OP SI-IOtlL.{;JeR COMeS IN PRONrOPARM

/I! "

i_ ) ,

'oj

l1WARROW uveo AU

oveR rl-le WORL.lJ, B/../1' weRe

«oer POPtllOtlS IN rl-le PROzeN VIKING LANl1S. CONSI{;JeR tlSING VIKING AN{;J GeRMAN ART, espeCIAUY BRA/{;Je{;J PArreRNS AN{;J GeOMerRlC SI-lAPes, POR YOtlR {;JWARROW (BeL.OW AN{;J BOTTOM ierr»

PIGtlRe IS A srtlMP'I rl-lRee ro POtlR l-leAl1S rAU

LARGe SI-IOtlL.{;JeRS, POReARMS AN{;J I-IANOSOPA MAsreR CRAprSMAN

sorl-ll-leA{;J ANf) roRSO '-...... ~ ARe WI{;Je, asaau» "'f) BARReL.-Cflesre{;J

tiPpeR ARM MtlSCL.eS ARe IN ...........__ PRONr OP POReARM ""0 MtlSCL.eS

-64-

SlIGGt:5rION OP WRlNKI.£S AROllNP BROW ANP t:Y£S (S££ P.39 TO P£CIP£ WIIIC# WRlNKI.£S TO lIS£)

THe Dl-tdRF nee,n

SMAU£R

CROWN ANGRY

r ,.,n~t,' ee

IN5rt:AP OP ROllNPt:P "''''/IV'''''''''-'

SIIAP£S, SlIGGt:5r

PLAT, IIARSII PLAN£S ! csee P. 67) ~r-___ T

LARG£ £Yt:S

IIIAt.P-WAY ClOWNPAC£

\ NOS£IS

.. BASlCAUY ...---- IIARMt.£SS CIRCi.£S

Bt:ARP COMES ClOWN UKE II£ROIC C#IN,

I • --0 BlIT IS MORE

} ROllNPt:P ANP

V t:xr£NClS oar B£YONP PACE

IIIGIIBROWIN PRONT SlIGGt:5rS ANOP£NANP -0 PRI£NPi.Y

1Nl'W~...,_- P£RSONAUTY

PORMAi., TRAt?ITIONAi.

Ci.OTII£S, INCWPINGA IIANPKERC#I£P ANt? V£5r

Wlt?££Y£S POR5rARlNG IN PARK

~~~~~~~~~~TlINN£i.S

(

MINING PICKAX£

LARG£, BWNT IIANClSWITIi OV£RS/~t:P 8 KNlICKI.£S -"

MIN£ CANt?t.£

i.ONG TIiIN UMBS S'TR£NGTII£N£t? BY S'TRONG C#IN ANP BARR#-UKE TORSO

-65-

THe MOST eARTHLY AND PHYSICALLY AweGOMe OF THe FAeRies weRe THe GIANTS, TROLLS, AND OGRes. SOMe GIANTS weRe GOOD AND OTHERS EVIL, BUT ALL TeNDeD TO BE SOLITARY, AND useD THeiR MASSIVE STRENGTH RATHER THAN THeiR SLeNDeR INTELLeCT.

UP7'EtJARM MEANS UP7'EtJ SflOtJltJER

Wfffl

OVER£APPING, 0::::::::--4::§~;;;:;!~~ rflls SflOtJltJER IS PARrlY COVEREtJ BY CflEST, WflIlE arflER SflOtJltJER CtJRVES IN FRONr

os csesr

JOINrS OVERWflElMEtJ 'L----~, BY MASSIVE UMBS

fltJGEARMSANtJARM SOCKErS ARE SAME SI?E AS CflEsr

SAME SORr OF OVER£APPING ~

• Arfll~ASArSflOtJltJER5 ~~

EX'TREME FORESflORrENlNG - NEARlIMBSlOO~NG~~~ MtJCfI lARGER rflAN FAR t.lMBS - AtJllS MORE AC7'ION ro

POSE

lOO~NG Ar flAM) FROM EtJGE, FINGERS APPEAR ClOSER rOGErflER, ANtJ

KNtJCKlES ANtJ VEINS ence oor

SWEEPING /..INE

SMA/../.. flANllS ANtJ FEEr EMPflASI?E MASS OF rORSO

SKtJ/../.. NECKlACE SflOWSfIIS ENORMOtJS SI?E

FRONr ANtJ REAR rfllGfI MtJSClES POP oar FROM srRAIN ~--~~:8rii

OF~NNlNG ~~L.

SANtJAl srRAPS

WERE POPtJlAR IN 0- rflE ANCIENr WORt.tJ

EXAGGERArEtJ ~NNING POSE flAS &-eor« FEEr OFF rflE GROtJNtJ IN A tJRAMArlC lEAP

c#.a*"

-66-

BASIC SKlJU SHAPe HAS see» S()I.JASHeO ()()WN ANO S()I.JAReO OPP \

"_~7'~ .

..» -- \~----

\ ' ,

,

1

\

SHORT, BROAO Nose

eve« HAIRlINe IS S()I.JAReO OFF!

MASSIve S()I.JAReOOFF BROWS UKe GIANr ROCK UOGes

S()I.JAReO eyeBROWS

SI.JNKeN, SKlJU- ~-~ UKePAce 0- srReNGTHeNeO

BY S()I.JAReO CHIN

BReAK Nose ANO NOsrRlL.S INrO GeOMeTRIC PLANeS

oeep, ANGI.JLAR CReAses AT BROWS ANO UPS

.'b·* ..

BASICPORM SIMILAR TO eXAMPL.e ~ ABOve

BROW HIGHeR THAN CROWN, POR AN IN()I.JISmVe ~ peRSONAL.1TY

BROWS ARCH I.JP TO ReFUCT BROW Cl.JRVe, SHOWING BeNeVOL.eNce SIMILAR TO THe OL.O MANONP.39

LARGe PI.JPPY eyes

WR/NKUO MI.J~~L.eON eoee i» MomH ReINFORCes SMIL.e

-------

SI.JNKeN CHeeKS SOFreNeO BY CHeeK ANO CHIN Cl.JRVeS

·ifP."~

PIGtlR£ IS SQtlAr PIV8

#8AI?S rAU, wm{ C/../PP/../K& 8ROW AN17 CI-IIN eACI-I rAKING tiP A rJ{!R17 OP rff8 PAC8

MASSIV8 POR£ARMS AN17ffANOS, /../K&A 8RUTISff GORlL.lA

C1-18sr, srOMACI-I, AN17 P&/..VIS SAM8 ff81Gfff, eor 170MINAr817 BY WI178, rfflCK C1-18sr

ArrfflS ANGU, see» race» INrO POR£ARM MtlSCL.8S

PACIAL. PeArtlR£S /../K&8ARSAN17 NOS8 OOMINAr8P BYMASSII/& SffAP8S OP ffeAP

MASSIV8 rRAP8~8t1S MtlSCL.8S AI717 ro 8RUT8 -0 S/~8, AN17 K&8P 17flAIL.S IN ON8 WNG SW88P

AL.L.SffAP8SAR£ _~

stRONG AN17 SQtlAR£P; V ONL.Y SIMPL.8 /"/N8S POR WRiNKUS AN17 JOINrS

#8AVI8R /"/N8S S8PARAr8 ~~r-~ PIPP8R£Nr PARrS L.lK&ARMAN17 roRSO; L.8SS8R /../N8SSffOW StlRPAC8 PflAIL.S

AVOIO SIMIlAR ~,~:;;. ~c:;:~~ ._--

8t1L.G8S ON sot» 'II:

SI178S OP /../M8S NO ON8 WANrS ra S88 A PtlPPY rROU

L.8G MtlSCL.8S AN17 JOINrS SrRAIN tlNl/8R MASSII/& W8IGfff; K&8P L.lN8S ANP SffAP8S SIMPL.8

~ rROUS AR£ 81G ANP CWMSY, AN17 SO AR£ rff81R WeAPONSAN17 CL.ar#8S

TORSO SAMe SIze AS l-IeA(), BtJT lARGEt.'I covese» BY MASSIve ..JOW/..S

l-IeAVY FAce (see WITCI-I ON P. 43); BO()'I ON/"'I 7WO

~ l-leA//S rAU

lARGe eYes FOR eXAGGeRAre() _e eXPReSSIONS

I

OGReS ARe

rl-le stoer eVI/.. OF GIANrS, ()eVO/../RlNG /..05r 'TRAVEt.eRS. ()eSPlTe rl-lelR /../NP/..eASANr eArlNG I-IABITS, OGReS ARe SOPI-IIsrICAre() AN() awuzso, /..WING IN OGRe CITIes, OR IN PAlACeS srAFFe() BY I-I/"/MAN StAves.

WI()e, csescevr SMI/..e ~~~'i\HI-----O roMINAres FAce

lARGe Sl-Io/..//..()eR IS FAT, ------0 Nor M/../sc/..e, AN() rAPeRS ro rl-le WRlsr IN Ct.IRVeS

SMAU I-IAN//s AN() eeer eMPI-IAslze I-I/../Ge MOtJTI-I AN()

BeU'I OF A ourrrov

OveRAU Ct.IRVeS OF FAr SI-IARPeNe()

/ Ar SOMe POINrS

./

WI()e BeU'I SG/../ISl-le() B&7WeeN ..JOW/..S AN() PEt. VIS. /../NIMPORrANr

cueer PRAcrlCAU'I ()ISAPPeARS

l-leAVY rI-llGI-IS AN() I-IIPS COMe /../P BeI-lIN() BeU'I

stvuzeo. n rl-leArRlCA/.. ~ - eYeBROWS

CReeP'! e'les eMPI-IAslze() BY eYelASl-les AN() ...... SI-IAroWS, AN() WITI-I MISMArCl-le() IRISeS

F/"/U/"/PS • FRAMe GAPING MOtJTI-I WITI-I RAZOR reer«

SI-IARP Nose

FO/..//s OF FAr Wl-leRe ()IFFeReNr PARrS OF BOlJY neer OR BeN()

FAr CI-Iesr ()ROOPS . roWN ro SI()es OF . srOMACI-I, ReiNFORCING SI-IAPe OF BeU'I

SMAU, SG/../IRM'I FINGeRS WITI-I FANC'I RINGS

• Et.eGANr c/..orl-les WITI-II-IINr OF ()eCAY; ARABIA WAS FAMO/../S FOR ITS OGReS

INTR0DUCING A.NIHA.LS

D~5PIT~ OBVIOU5 DIFF~R~NC~5 L.IK~ HORN5 AND FUR, M05T ANIMAL.5 HAV~ TH~ 5AM~ BA51C H~AD THAT W~ 5AW ON P. 60.

BY L.~NGTH~NING TH~ 5NOUT, RAI51NG TH~ BROW, OR MAKING OTH~R ADJU5TM~NT5 TO 5P~CIFIC PART5 OF TH~ H~AD, YOU CAN 5UGG~5T A C~RTAIN ANIMAL. ~V~N B~FOR~ YOU ADD TH~ 5URFAC~ D~TAIL.5.

WWBROW

eyeBROWUK£ RJOGes 5rICK oar IN MANY RePTlt.es

~

WNG, CROOK£O SNOtff

sePARAre NOSTRlt.S 5rICKOtff

r

cgffi.i.UMiliMt .•

CROWN

BROW

/ eyeS

«>

SNOtff

MANY CReArtJReS NAve BtJMP ON , roe OF esoar

~/G-~GUNe FOR MO/.dN

-

NARROW JAW

NOSTRlt.S FAR APARr, 5rICKOtJr

SMAUeYeS ON Sloes, WNeRe 8ROWMeers SNOtff

Ft.Ar CHeeKS /;

OROOPOOWN-- ,~===- __ or

SNORr, 8ROAO evoar

CROWN ANO evoar At.M05r SINGt.e pt.ANe

~

eARS5rICK oar ro sloes

-72-

dHIHdL B0Dl€S dHD P€RS0HdLITY

&ARS ANO TAl/" AR£ SI-IARP, Bid Cl.IRVE Old TO AVOIO SINISTER /..OOK

I..ARGE EYES ANI? SGlIAR£, I-IIGI-I __ _,__...-- ft BROW

SOFTEN EOGES WITI-I Cl.IRVEI? PliR I?ETAI/"S

------

JOINTS MOR£ 4l!>-' ~ /

STRONG/..Y OEPINEI?

TI-IAN ABOv[:, Bid NOTSI-IARP

/"oWER /..EGS AR£ R£I..ATIVE/..Y TMN, BIdSTIU STRONGER TI-IAN EXAMP/..ES ABOVE

/ ANtJ8&WW

SPINE IS BROKEN IN A SI-IARP CROOK

AT TI-IE NECK, POR

_OATOR>' -J._ F - ~

_~J' ,.,_y--e~

1] ~'= .: '=/;:1:

MOR£ I?RASTIC TI-IICKS ANO TMNS, WITI-I SI-IARPER EI?GES

-

/..OWBROW SI-IAOOWS EYE

~SI-IARP BENOS I-IAVE SPIKYPliR

-73-

~00DL~Hn CRITTeRS

L~T'S START WITH SOMf. Rf.LATIVf.LY SIMPLf. ANIMALS: SQUIRRf.LS, RABBITS, AND OTHf.R WOODLAND CRITT~RS. TH~Y OFT~N HAV~ PLAYFUL, CHILDLIKf. Pf.R50NALI'TIf.S AND THf.Y AID WANDf.Rf.RS, DRUIDS, AND FAf.RIf.S,

G~N~RALLY THf.Sf. ANIMALS ARf. ABOUT SPf.f.D AND WARINf.SS, RATHf.R THAN STRf.NGTH. MINIMIZf. CHf.ST AND SHOULDf.RS, AND f.MPHASIZf. THf. Hf.AD AND f.SP~CIALLY THf. WIDf., ALf.RT f.Yf.S.

WITH TAl/" ANO &ARB, KE&P~ SHAPes INT&R£STING BY AVOI()ING PARAU&t..

C/./RV&S. AOO HINT OF FtlR t..IN&S AT SHARP C/./RV&S

-c,

/..ARG& CIRC/./i..AR H&AO. CRITT&R IS

ON/..Y 7W0 TO o.__ <,

THR£& H&AOG TAU ~

TORSO IS HA/"F CH&ST ANI? HA/"F 0- STOMACH, ANO WIO&ST AT HIPS

&Y&SR£ST ON TOPHA/..F OFFAC&

r FAC& S/..OP&S OtITTO steer

~ ~MtlZZU

/..ONGF&ff ANOTO&S

RAIS& CROWN TO MAKE CHARACT&R MOR£ FRI&N()/..Y

WIO&ST PART OF ARM IS &t..BOW; tlPP&RARM /..OOKS THICKER B&CAt/S& OF Ft/R

CONN&CTSNOtlTANO CH&&KS TO TORSO IN C/"&AN sweep, MINIMA/" N&CK

MOtlTH G&N&RAUY FOUOWS sorro« C/./RV& OF H&AO

Ft/R IS THICKEST AN() MOST OBVIOtlS AT eisowe: KN&&S, CH&ST, CH&&KS, ANO TAl/"

--74-

CRITT€RS IN HeTleN

flEA() IS COMPL.ETEL.Y IN FRONT OF BO()Y. NECK CONNECTS WI1H BOTTOM

QL.lARrER OF HEA() ~

'0 \~

~~

~,r~-4,TT .. ~~ <.,

. .

I .

.~:

SINCE L.EGS ARE lONGER THAN ARMS, R1.IMP IS HIGHER THAN SflOL.lUlERS

WHEN FINGERS ARE WAL.KlNG,

MASS TOGETflER

UKE A FOOT e-----

REL.AXEll

r <, CRffTERS KEEP

. TAIL. CL.IRVE() L.lP

. _________=--o FROM BOoY

AI.. THOL.lGH ONI..Y THIS ONE PARr IS ACTL.lAI..

L.EG, YOL.l CAN ()RAW WHOlE L.lPPER L.EG AS ONE FL.lRRY MASS

MOST ANlMAL.S WAL.K

WI1H AL.TERNATING 0- UMBS: FAR APARr ON

ONE SI()E, AN() CL.OSE .._~

TOGETHER ON OTHER

STOMACH FL.lR SWEEPS ()OWN FROM CHEST TO

KNEES

STROUING CRffTERS WIU HAVE 7W0 OR THREE FEET ON THE GROL.lN() AT ONCE FOR BAL.ANCE - A FL.EEING CRffTER WIU HAVE ONL.Y ONE (OR NONE!) ON THE GROL.lN()

FOOTBENllS FORWAR() ANll BACKWARll AT TOES (ROL.lGflL.Y FINAL. Q/../ARrER OFFOOfJ

~

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"

~ --

. __ --r __ ~.J

·{tb*--

EVEN IN L.ONG SWEEP OF L.EG, HEEL. STICKS OL.IT

lONG, SUNKY BO()Y STAYS lOW TO THE GROL.lNlJ, ANll IS AlMOST (BL.IT NOT QL.lI1E!) SAME THICKNESS TflROL.lGHOL.IT. .. UKE A SERPENT

UMBS SIMIL.AR TO OTHER CRffTERS, BL.IT lONGER AN() L.EANER

NOTE THAT TfIIS IS THE HEEL.; ONL.Y THE TOES roocs THE GROL.lN()

~75-

CRITT€RS IN HeTleN

flEA() IS COMPL.ETEL.Y IN FRONT OF BO()Y. NECK CONNECTS WI1H BOTTOM

QL.lARrER OF HEA() ~

'0 \~

~~

~,r~-4,TT .. ~~ <.,

. .

I .

.~:

SINCE L.EGS ARE lONGER THAN ARMS, R1.IMP IS HIGHER THAN SflOL.lUlERS

WHEN FINGERS ARE WAL.KlNG,

MASS TOGETflER

UKE A FOOT e-----

REL.AXEll

r <, CRffTERS KEEP

. TAIL. CL.IRVE() L.lP

. _________=--o FROM BOoY

AI.. THOL.lGH ONI..Y THIS ONE PARr IS ACTL.lAI..

L.EG, YOL.l CAN ()RAW WHOlE L.lPPER L.EG AS ONE FL.lRRY MASS

MOST ANlMAL.S WAL.K

WI1H AL.TERNATING 0- UMBS: FAR APARr ON

ONE SI()E, AN() CL.OSE .._~

TOGETHER ON OTHER

STOMACH FL.lR SWEEPS ()OWN FROM CHEST TO

KNEES

STROUING CRffTERS WIU HAVE 7W0 OR THREE FEET ON THE GROL.lN() AT ONCE FOR BAL.ANCE - A FL.EEING CRffTER WIU HAVE ONL.Y ONE (OR NONE!) ON THE GROL.lN()

FOOTBENllS FORWAR() ANll BACKWARll AT TOES (ROL.lGflL.Y FINAL. Q/../ARrER OFFOOfJ

~

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"

~ --

. __ --r __ ~.J

·{tb*--

EVEN IN L.ONG SWEEP OF L.EG, HEEL. STICKS OL.IT

lONG, SUNKY BO()Y STAYS lOW TO THE GROL.lNlJ, ANll IS AlMOST (BL.IT NOT QL.lI1E!) SAME THICKNESS TflROL.lGHOL.IT. .. UKE A SERPENT

UMBS SIMIL.AR TO OTHER CRffTERS, BL.IT lONGER AN() L.EANER

NOTE THAT TfIIS IS THE HEEL.; ONL.Y THE TOES roocs THE GROL.lN()

~75-

RANGING FROM AL.L.~Y CAi5 ro R~GAL. L.ION5, F~L.IN~5 AR~ L.ONG~R, 5L.INKI~R, AND MOR~ POW~RFUL. il1AN WOODL.AND CRITI~R5.

G~N~RAL.L.Y, F~L.IN~5 AR~ MOR~ CURVY il1AN il1~IR CANIN~ R~L.AilV~5, AL. il10UGI1 il1~ L.ARG~R CAi5 AR~ MOR~ POW~RFUL.L.Y BUlL. if

FeLINe HedD

FI.ATTeNeO OVAl

SI.ANTeO eyes, FAR APARr

CI-IeeKS BtllGe OtIT

WI-IISK&RS

GROW FROM ~

sloes OF ~_,oa;~~

MtlZZle

SI-IARP JOWlS ANO iowe» UP AT eco« OF MOtITl-I

WRINKleS serwee« tiPpeR Up, eyes, ANO Nose

I.ARGe, SI-IORr SNOtITFROM BOTTOM I-IAlF

OF FAce

pel VIS I-IAlF s/z«

• OF CI-Iesr, Wl-leN PROWUNG I-IIPS AR£ I-IIGl-leR TI-IAN CI-IeST

TAIl CONTINtleS ~CtlRVeOF SPINe

elBOW JtlST BeYONO CI-IeST CIRCle

TI-IICK TI-IIGI-I FtlR • MAK&S leG SOCK&T lOOK iowe». WITI-I A SI-IARP eooe

TI-IICK FtlR ON •• ---------++CI-Iesr

VARY CtlRVeS ANt? --. TI-IICKNeSS

-76-

N~CK BAS~ AtMOST AS THICK _____. AS TORSO, ANll CiJRV~ll

______ AGGReSSIV#YOm

~/

~-WITH HeAVY t.lON, t.~SS «:

TAP~RlNG IN TORSO OR WW~R PARr OP t.lMBS

MAN~ PWWS BACK PROM HeAll, THICK£ST AROtJNll --0 N~CK BHORe THINNING INTO CH~ST ANll BACK

SHOtJt.ll~R ANll

SHORrB/~P .. ~ ~L-

MtJSCUS STANll om

ON MOST P~t.lN~S, RlllGe OP PtJR GROWS llOWN STOMACH, MAKING P~t. VIS t.OOK t.ARG~R

-77-

WOLVf.S AND Wf.Rf.WOLVf.S ARf. DANGf.ROU5, BUT NOT ALWAY5 f.VIL. ANCIf.NT VIKING WARRIOR5 Wf.Rf. SUPPOSf.D TO TAKf. ON WOLF FORM IN BAirLf., AND IN 1692 A BALTIC FARMf.R CL.AIMf.D THAT Hf. AND Ff.LLOW Wf.Rf.WOLVf.S Wf.Rf. f.NGAGf.D IN A GRf.AT WAR WITH f.VIL WITCHf.Sf

CANINf.S - DOGS, WOLVf.S AND THf. LIKf. - ARf. ROUGHLY 51MILAR TO Ff.LINf.S, BUT ARf. Gf.Nf.RALLY MORf. ANGULAR, WITH LONGf.R Hf.ADS AND STRONGLY TAPf.Rf.D TOR505.

WHILf. THf.Rf. ARf. A WIDf. VARIf.iY OF CANINf.S, FANTASY Tf.NDS TO FAVOR HOUND5 AND WOLVf.S. Hf.Rf. ARf. NOif.S ON A WOLFLIKf. CANINf., Pf.RHAPS A Wf.Rf.WOLF WITH iRACf.S OF ITS HUMAN 5f.LF.

Ca.NIN6 H6a.n

BASIC CIRCI-~,

SNOt.IT STICKS Ot.IT ~Y~S

OF MI(}(}U HAI-F e ABOV~ I SNOt.IT

CROOK IN SNOt.ITAN(} SHARK TIP

l'

RUNNINq l-l6R6l-l0LF

SPIN~ BR£AKS SHARPI-Y AT BAS~

OF TORSO o------:;:;;;;~::::="

S~~P.79

CI-AWUKE HANl7S

HIN(}I-~GSAR£ SHORT

SUGHTI-Y SMAU~R, N~CK

Bt.IT HAV& SAM~ \,

BASIC STRt/CTtlRe

AS FRONT I-~GS

. SHORT, THICK tlPP~R UGS AN(} I-ONG~RJ THIN

WH~N IN raa. R/./N, ANIMAl- FOR£I-~GS

HASONl-YON~PAWON1H~ ..- ~ ~

GROtlN(}ATATlM~(P.75) ~

----

-78-

rAlt. CON7?NtI&S SW&&P OF SPIN&

FtlR BtlNCIi&S INrOSHARP

POINrSAr &NlJ5

srOMACliIS HAt.F rH& rHICKN&SS OF CIi&sr

srARr BtllWING tiP SNOtJr ANtJ CliIN - rHIS IS ON& OF rH& F&W CAS&S WH&R£

PARAU&t. UN&S AR£ H&t.PFtlt.

H&&t. ON CANIN&S MOR& tJIsrlNcr FROM FtlRRY MASS OF tlPP&R uo rHAN ON WOOtJt.ANtJ&RS

&V&N fI&R£, AVOltJ SIMlt.AR ClJRV&S OR PARAU&t.S ON BGrH

SltJ&S OF UMB

SNOtJr ANtJ JAW ClJRV& IN B&FOR£ &NtJING IN SQtlAR£tJ rIPS, MAKING fI&AtJ tJANG&ROtlSt.Y NARROW Wfllt.& K&&PING rH& BWNr CAN/N& t.OOK

~ PAWS AR£ t.ONG&R ANtJ ______

MOR£ FING&Rl..IK& ~

SflAtJOW&tJ &Y&ANtJ SCAR

tJPP&R UP ClJRl..S tJP IN A SNARl.. .iaer B&flINtJ N05&, CR&ASING SKIN B&rW&&N UP ANtJ NOsrRlt. (rRY rr Ar flOM&, rr

WORKS ON fltlMANS, rooo

SflARP BR£AK FROM RIBS ro srOMACIi eaoaeers RA V&NOtlS fltlNG&R

-79-

AG BOTH THE MAIN GOURCE OF TRANGPORTATION AND THE MOGT POWERFUL. WEAPON IN ANY FANTAGY ARMY, THE HORGE IG ONE OF THE MOGT IMPORTANT AND UNDERAPPRECIATED ANIMAL.G.

THEIR COMBINATION OF GTRENGTH AND GRACE MAKE HORGEG DIFFICUL. T TO DRAW, EGPECIAL.L.Y IN ACTION. A FAIRL.Y TYPICAL. HORGE HAG THE FOL.L.OWING PROPORTIONG:

SMAueR RilMP

CIRCI-e IS TWO ~ CIRC'-es 8ACK, ANtJ "-. (/l ;';IG;.;eR r;';AN oeer

w;.;eN ;.;eAtJ rllRNet:? tJOWN, NeCK 8ACK CtJRves oar

'\

JlIsr ovs» ONe ;';ORse IS FIve ro

RilMP CIRCU FROM SIX ;.;eAtJ CIRC'-es

\ cseer ro ;';eAtJ rAU; ;.;eAtJ CIRCI-e

__. IS ROllG;';I-Y

~ --:"_ - ()lIARTeR r;.;e sl?e

OF c;.;esr CIRC'-e

MAIN FeArllRe OF

AU ;';ORSes IS COM81NArlON

OF rHICK NeCK ANtJ r;';IN UM8S. tJlFFeReNT »oeeee S;';OW GReAresr VARIATION IN rHelR JOINTS, »oove« ANtJ SNOtJrS.

srART WIT;';

'-ARGe cseer ,

rAPeRetJ SNOtJr IS ------0 ONe ;';eAtJ CIRCU '-ONG, WITH F'-Ar eNtJ

SMAU S;';Olll-tJeR Ar c-eer cevre»; _ _J~-----"rJIII' el.80W JlIsr Ar

8OTTOM OF cseer

KNees SUGml-Y ;';IG;.;eR r;';AN ...... __

el-80WS, FRONT OF lIPpeR I-eG CtJRves FORWARtJ

iowe» I-eG r;';INNesr PART OF ;';ORSe, UM8S --~0 r;';ICKesr Ar JOINTS

~a#~

OF I-eG IS NARROW

'-Asr 8eNtJ OF I-eG IS .~ ~ ACrllAUY roes, WIT;';

:-..-- 8OTTOM ;';AI-F SPReAtJlNG AS FINGeRNAII--UKe ;';OOF

UKe ar;.;eR ANIMAI-S, ANKi.e srlCKS oar. \

AI-SO UKe ar;.;eR ANlMAI-S,\ ;';ORse'S I-eGS Al-reRNAre IN WAI-K, WIT;'; sot» I-err I-eGS aose rOGeT;.;eR ANtJ RlGm UGS APART, r;.;eN wee veRSA

<,

ON r;';ls srRONG WAR;';ORSe, 8eNtJS GeNeRAUY S()lIARetJ, RAr;.;eR r;';AN eoavoeo OR S;';ARPeNetJ

eee sexr PAGe FOR ;.;eAtJ tJerAII-S

~

CiN·k ...

w;.;eN ;';OOF CtJRUtJ, NlI8 8eMNtJ ;';OOF srANtJS oor MORe

~ ;';OOF CtJRl.S lINtJeR

uereo ieo

-80-

THe H0Rse He~D

/..ONG OVA/.. IN FOtiR PAR'TS

SNOtffCOM~S srRAIGJ.ff oar OF CROWN, ear

NARROW~R TkANOVA/..

TOP OF ssoar WI(}~R AT &N(} AN(} NARROW~R ATSAS~

WI/"(}MAN~ WlTflSANGS STICKING oar

INFRONT.\

S~SI(}~S F/..ARlNG NOSTR//..S, NOS~ IS teSS WI(}~ TflANCHIN

r

ROtlN(} &Y~S WlTfI SIMP/"~ PtiPI/..S

rF/..AT-TOPP~(}

NOS~, wrt»

""""'!!!!I!!!l~...... V~R'TICA/.. NOSTR//..S

r

CH~~KS StI/..G~ 1

our aso <-

eeiow SNOtff esoar TAP~RS TO SWNT ~N(}, CHIN (}ROP5 S~t.OW esoor -lfC··

SQtlAR£OFF CH&&KS

~Y~SAN(} SROWSTICK oor TO SI(}~S OFSNOtff

~

CiU·*--

MOtfffl (}O~S NOT GO SACK FAR. JAW AN(} MtI??/..~ (}ROP rooeoee WfI~N MOtffk OP~NS

UK£ MONK~YS, flORS~S flAV~ Ft.AT CHINS AN(} fltI/rfANua reer«

SRAI(}~(} .--MAN~AN(} ORNAM~NTS A(}(} (}&/..ICACY

SMA/..teR, MOR£ (}ISTINeT NOSTR//..S

V~RI~ TI0N.S

CHIN SMA/..teR AN(} FAR'Tk~R SACK, SRINGING evoar TO POINT

1

rfllNN~R evoar

AN(} SMAU~R CHIN 0-

fI~(} flANGS fi W~RI/"Yt.OW

V~RY /..ARG~, SROA(} esour ..--0 WlTflSWNT

- NOS~ AN(} CHIN

-44·'·

-81-

WAt.KING I-IORS& I-IAS SAM& At.T&RNATING ceo

MOV&M&NT AS OTI-I&R ANlMAt.S, Bt./T GAUOPING I-IORS& I-IAS &CI-IOING ieo MOV&M&NTS; FRONT t.&PT, FRONT RlGI-IT, R&AR t.&FT,

R&AR RlG/-IT

TI-IIS IS ACTtlAUY TI-I& MOST FAMO/./S I-IORS& POS& IN /-IISTORY, BAS&I? ON ANCI&NT CI-IIN&S& STAT/'/&S. •

R&INS AR& 1-I&t.1? IN / ii,

I-IORS&'S MOt./TJ.{, d ANI? COM& Ot./T ON

&ITI-I&R SI(}&

51-10/./ t.(}&R CR&AS&S MOST Ct.&AR WI-I&N t.&GS arreo

• 5I-1ANf) CJYNA5TY 8RONU SCi/lPf"LIR£5, If' YO/J !<£AllY WANT" ro KNOW.

N&CK STRAINS FORWAR(}

! IN MOTION, BACK OF N&CK t.&SS CtJRV&(}

SMAU&R, /-IIGI-I&R Rt./MP

St.lG/-ITt.Y MOR& TI-IR&&- /~'II

(}IM&NSIONAt. VI&W OF 0- 1t-:~-.tr

I-IORS&, S&&ING CI-I&ST AN() OTI-I&R "CIRCt.&S"

ATANANGt.&

WI-I&N N&CK exrevoeo.

N&CK AN(} I-I&A(} AS

~ t.ONG AS BO(}Y

~""--O

IN GAUOP, BOTI-I RlG/-IT t.&GS t.&A(} B&FOR& BOTI-I

t.&FT t.&GS, AN(} J' VIC& V&RSA &-- ~

ON lfAC# 910E OF =97; <, /i SI-IO/./t.(}&R COM&S (}OWN ~ <FROM BOTTOM FRONT

Q/./ART&R

..... _

I-I&&t. STAN(}S Ot./T MOR£ ON -0 B&NT t.&GS

ONt.Y ON& I-IOOF -----. TO/./CI-IING (OR AlMOST TO/./CI-IING) GRO/./N(}

A GOO(} RI(}&R K&&PS SPIN& STRAIGI-IT, AN(} GRIPS I-IORS&'S SI(}&S WITI-I KN&&S

/.ONG TAIt. SW&&PS fi BACK TO &MPI-IASIZ& .........-~ 1-I0RIZONTAt. MOTION

FRONT t.&GS IN if SIMILAR POS&S, Bt./T NOTPARAU&t.

-82-

ao SOCKfl"S TAK£ t.lP eNTiRe SlOeS OF HIPS

WAR HORSeS WeRe POWeRFt.ll, OISCIPlINeO, ANO T~RRlFYING. HORS~S WOt.110 ReAR ON HINO ieae, TH~N CRASH OOWN WITH FlAIliNG HOOVeS TO CRi/SH eNeMieS!

8t.1UISH NeCK - STRAIGHT IN FRONT

ANO STRONGlY A CLlRVeO IN BACK ---....

CHeST WITH CLlRVE!O-t.lP HORl?ONTAl liNe (SINa W~ ARe lOOKING t.lP AT IT, K£~PING AU THe BASIC SPHeReS, CLl8eS ere.

CONSISTeNT WITH TH~ SAMe wew MAK£S THe POSe CleAReR ANO MORe 8&t.leVA8l~!)

SHOt.llO~RS ARe ON --. SlOeS OF CHeST

leGS SIMIlAR 8/./T NOT -----0 PARAU&t., HOOVeS CLlRt.eO ClOSe TO oaer 8eFORe STRIKING O/./T

ieoe FORWARl? TO BAlANC~ 80W, ANO -0 FOR ONCe uoe ARe ROt.lGHlY PARAU&t.

wno #AIR lXJ&SN'r / 08SCLlRe AGGReSSIVE! 8eNOOFN~CK

SHARP~N CLlRVE!S TO AOO ORAMA TO POSe

!

CROOK .saer A80VeHOOF

T

HAROHOOF, lIK£ THe BAS~

1I!ImI~:\\~OF A CON~

HAIRFWW (IF AN'/)

"HORSeSHO~" ~ 801T0M OF 0--

HOOF

TAil CLlRt.S t.lNOeR TORSO, AOl1S v/St.lAl MASS TO St.lPPORT UGS

-4ihk ..

IN MIO-L.~p, BOllY S1RflCH~S om MO~

,

flIPS ANO RtlMP Ct.IRUO IN SUGfl'TL.Y, UK£ TfI~ F~L.lN~ ON P. 77

'\

flOOV~S TtlRN~O \

<, SUGfl'TL.Y IN TO •

"'9 ~ACH OTfI~R AT ~ARL.Y STAG~ OF

L.~p, FRONT L.~GS Ct.IRUO IN ANO CH~ST flIGfI~R TflAN flIPS

AT ~NO OF L.~p, FRONT L.~GS ~XT~NO WfllL.~ R&AR L.~GS eau. tip, flIPS flIGfI~R TflAN CH~ST

SCIMITARS, SAB~RS, ANO OTfI~R Ct.IR~O SWORfJS W~~ P~F~RREO BY MOtlNT~O WARRIORS

-. @p

RJO~R B~NT L.OW TO K£~P BAL.ANC&, ANO G/.I/O~ flORS~

SQ/./ASfI CH~ST ANO -------0 flIPS TO ~MPflASIU flORJ~ONTAL. MOV~M~NT

SflARP, WIL.O MAN~ SI-IOWS __OMOTION

.,N.* ..

AS N~CK STRAINS FORWARIl, MtlSCL.~S BeTW~£N N~CK ANO SflOtlL.O~R STANO om

-84-

H0RSIHQ ~R0UHD

MAR£'S liMO lOOKS lARGeR Wffll TIIIN SNOllT ANO TIIIN, alRveo NeCK

~

lARGe, eXOTIC eyes

.__

lARGe ROtlNO CHeST

MtlCH SMAueR pel VIS ANO SIIARPlY TAPffR£O, GR£YIIOtlNO TORSO

80TII MAle d ANO FeMAle tlNICORNS AR£ oeUCATe; MAles IIAve 8MRl?S

SG/tlAR£O MtlSCleS FOR 8OTllHORse ANO MAN PARTS, WIIICH SHOtllO MATCH

MARKINGS

ON ARM CONTINtle AS HORSe MARKINGS

IIt1MAN TORSO leANS BACK SUGlITlY FOR BAlANce

<,

MtlSallAR, 8WCKYRtlMP IS WIoeR TIIAN SPINe

srRONG STOMACH alRveSIN

wloe STANce ANOlARGe ll00ves SIIOW srReNGTII

MAKe IIt1MANHORSe 80RlleR NATtlRAl, NOT AR8ITRARY UNe

-85-

,H~ iRU~ L.ORDS Of fANtASY AR~ DRAGONS. ANCI~N" MYS,~RIOUS, AND MAGICAL., DRAGONS AR~ ,H~ GR~A,~S, OBS'ACL.~ - OR AID - IN ANY H~ROIC ~ND~AVOR.

DRAGONS HAV~ B~~N D~SCRIB~D IN A VARI~tY Of WAYS, BU, CARtOON~D DRAGONS SHOUL.D R~fL.~C' ,H~ INN~R NA,UR~ Of ,H~ B~AS'. S,AR, WitH ,H~ BASIC IOeA Of ,H~ DRAGON.

tJRAGONS W&R£ TI&tJ TO BOTH tJ&5TRIJCTIV& STORMS ANtJ B&N&VOt.&NT RAINS; SOM& W&R£ tJ&SCRl8&tJ AS HAVING WINGS, ear TH&Y S&&M&tJ TO FL.Y ..JI.IST AS W&U WITHOm TH&M

L.ONG TAIL. UK&.A THI.INtJ&R80L. T

TH& MOST ANCI&NT 8&ASTS, tJRAGONS HA VE:' L.&ATH&RY, WRlNK/..&tJ SKIN

WAT&RY fOAlJ5 W&R£AL.SO CONSltJ&R£tJ MAGICAL. -

TRYAF&W WARTS!

TH& 8&UI&S OF tJRAGONS AR£ NOTORlOI.ISL.Y VI.IL.N&RABL.?

tJRAGONS AU Ov&R TH& ANCI&NT WORJ,.tJ W&R£ COMPAR£tJ TO S&RP&NTS RATH&R THAN UUlRtJ5; S&RP&NTS UVE:'tJ IN ~.v MYST&RlOI.IS, UF&-GIVING

WAT&R, ANtJ SH&tJ TH&IR SKIN

TO ACHI&V& IMMORTAL./TY

, _ I.ISI.IAUY tJ&SCRl8&tJ '0 WITH UON'S CL-AWS OR 8IR17S TAL.ONS

-86-

'CONSIOtR THt SAO FATt OF FAFNIR, IN "THt SONG OF THt VOt.StJNGS"

STARr WlrflA BASIC CIRCL-&

L-ARG&&Y&S Sir ON CIRCL-& Mlf?UN&

f,) B&AKlSflSNO/.ff

1 FROM BOTTOM

flAL-P OF FAC& - ANf? VARY SNO/.ff

I rMCKN&SS!

I" 0

~""""'~-~ .::-_~, I

CfI&&K SAGS ANf? .:> P/../PFS oar FROM V BAS& OF SNO/.ff

THe DRdq0N HedD

f?RAGON fI&Af?5CAN COM& IN ANY SflAPe, rfl/s IS J/../ST A VERY BASIC STARrING POINT.

FL-ATT&N

CROWN

VdRldTI0NS

SAM& PRINCIPL-&S aeeo FOR GIR/. (P. 25) ANf? WOOf?L-ANf? CRITT&RS , (P. 74) APPL-Y fI&R&

fI&AW 0.... eyeBROWS

L-ARG&, CROOK&f?

SNO/.ff

UP C/../R/.S /../P B&flINf?

NOSTRIL-

Af?f? ClJRV&S ANf?

CROOKS ro rfl& MO/.ffl-l, VARYING rMCKN&SS ANf? AVOII?ING PARAU&L- UN&S

rfl& C&N"TRAL- F&Ar/../R& OF rfl& BASIUSK IS irS L-&rflAL- GAU, ACC&Nr&f? BY I?ARKN&SS ABOVE! ANf? B&L-OW rfl& &Y&S

VIKINGS rYPlCAUY Plcr/../R&I? I?RAGONS (OR hWORMS, ") wn»

&AGL-& OR WOL-P fI&Af?5

~

WOL-FISfI JAW

ANI? CfI&&K

SAGGING --oN&CK

SW&PT-BACK

&AGL-& CROWN

r

ua BAr WINGS, ere« OF I?RAGON WING IS

ARM; rl-f~ WING ITS~/'.F --~~--------.:(~/""""GG...!'

IS SKIN STRflCJ.I~1? ~

8e7W~~N FING~RS o.-__________ - "

FINGef2. ~""

9-

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SI-fARP/..Y 8ASIC CIRCU

WITI-f rl-f~

ANG/"~I? S~GG~srION

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CARRY rHRO~GI-f MASS FROM roRSO TO rAI/.. ANI? N~CK IN ON~ lONG SI-fAP~

UN~S ON ~NI?~RS/I?~ / -_-w._ I-f#P SI-fOW VOWM~

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ANIMALG 70~91 GR~~KG 31
ANIMAL H~ADG 60, 72~72 GYPGY 37
APPR~NTIC~G 40~41
ARIGTOCRATG 46~47 HANUMAN 58
ARMOR 24~25, 27, 31 H~AD, DWARROW 65
AGTROLOGY & AGTRONOMY 38, 53 GOBLIN 60
H~RO 18~19
BADG~G 35, 40~41 H~ROIN~ 21
BANDIT KING 34~35 GITH 53
BANDITG 34~37 H~RAKL~G 16~17, 30
BARBARIANG 32~33 H~RALDRY 27
BAGILIGK 87 HOPLIT~G 31
B~LT 11 HORG~G 80~85
BOX~R 25 BODY 80
BROOMGTICK 11 ~QUIPM~NT 84
BRUNHILD~ 49 GALLOP 82
BUDUR, PRINC~GG 49 H~AD 81
HOOV~G 83
CALABAGH 44 L~AP 84
C~L TIC TR~~ GPIRIT 12 R~AR 83
C~NTAUR 85
CIND~R~LLA 20 KNIGHTG 26~27
KOBOLD 65
DOGG 73
DOROTHY 20 LADI~G 47~49
DRACULA 10 "L~AF~BLAD~" GWORD 31
DRAGONG 86~91 LlONG 77
BR~ATH 86 urn.e R~D RIDING HOOD 25
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FLIGHT 90~91
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WALK 88~89 MAGI, MAGICIAN 38~39
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DRYAD 57 MONGOOG~ 75
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DWARF, ~VIL 65 MONK~Y FAC~ 44
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MORGAN L~F~Y 20
~LV~G 4,52
N~CROMANC~R 45
FA~RI~G 52~59 N~PHLIM 66
FA~RI~ PRINC~GS 54 NYADS/NYMPHS 55~56
FAFNIR 86
FAIR FOL.K 51 OGR~S 69
FAUN 59 OLD AG~ 39
F~LIN~G 76~77 ORCG/ ORCN~AG 62
FOLK M~DICIN~ 42~43
FOR~GHORT~NING 66 P~AGANTS 22~25
FOX~S 75 H~RO 22~23
FROGS 56 G~AR 23
PIXI~S 52
GIANTG 66~69 PUGG~IN~BOOTG 12
GOAT 59
GOBLING 60~63
GOBLIN SWARMG 61
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TRIPOD 11
"RAMAYANA" 58 TROLL5 68
RAT5 75
RABBIT5 74 VIKING, ART 64
DRAGON5 B7
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5CYTHIAN5 30
5HAMANS 42 WARLORD5 2B~29
5IDH~ 54 WAT~R FA~RI~5 (S~~ NYADS)
SITAR 52~54 W~A5~L5 75
SL~~PING B~AU'TY 49 W~R~WOLV~S 7B
SLIPP~R 11 WITCH~S 43
SNOW WHIT~ 49 WIZARD5 (5~~ DRUID)
SPINDL~ 11 WIZARD 5TAFF/ WAND 38, 40~41
SQUIRR~LS 74 WOLV~5 7B~79
ST. G~ORG~ 10 WOODLAND CRITT~RS 77
SWORD 13 WORM (5~~ VIKING DRAGON)
SYLVAN FA~RI~5 (5~~ DRYADS) TlieRe ARe UreRAUY TIIO(.lSANtlS OP AMAZING PANTASY STORIes

AN{) ARTISTS TO INSPIRe YO(.l. sel-Ow IS A sRlep /..1ST OP SOMe OP MY PAVORlTeS! AN{) ()ON'T PORGer AU Tile GReAT MATeRIA/.. PROM #lSTORY: ceNT(.IRlONS AN{) lIeRA/..{)RY AN{) MONGO/.. 1I0RPes!

BeeKS

rflE RAMAYANA TRADITIONAL INDIAN rflE W/Z4Rll OF O~ L. FRANK BAUM

BEOWtlL..F

TRADITIONAL ANGLO~SAXON BONE

J~FF SMITH

rl-lE CflRON/CL..ES OF NARN/A C. S. L~WIS

llRACtlt.A

BRAM STOK~R

rl-lE EARrI-lSEA BOOKS URSULA K. L~ GUIN rl-lE Ft.lGfIr OF llRAGONS P~T~R DICKINSON I-IARRY POrTER ANll ...

J. K. ROWLING

rflE «oesn; rflE L..ORll OF rl-lE R/NGS J. R. R. TOLKI~N

rl-lE t.Asr tiN/CORN

P~T~R B~AGL~

rflE MAB/NOG/ON

TRADITIONAL C~L TIC

MONKEYI

TRADITIONAL CHIN~5~ rflE OllYSSEY

HOM~R

rl-lE PRYllA/N CI-IRON/CL..ES LLOYD AL~XAND~R

aRTISTS

WAYN~ AND~R50N COR BLOK

DON BLUTH

("TH~ 5~CR~T OF NIMH," IIDRAGON'S LAIR")

L~O & DIAN~ DILLON ~DMUND DULAC

~YVIND ~ARL~

("SL~~PING B~AU'TY," "FANTASIA") ~DWARD GOR~Y

IAN MILL~R

HIYAO MIYAZAKI

("TOTORO," "5PIRIT~D AWAY") KAY NI~LSON

BOB P~PP~R

RANKIN & BA55

("TH~ HOBBIT," "TH~ LA5T UNICORN") P~T~R SIS

UD~RZO

LISB~TH ZW~RG~R

-95-