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Introduction

Phonetics is the systematic study of speech and the sounds of language. In ancient time, phoneticians
mostly depend on careful listening and observation in order to describe speech sounds. In doing this, a
phonetician refers to a classificatory framework for speech sounds which is based on how they are
made and on aspects of the auditory impression they make.
In previous time, it has been important for language teaching and for speech and language therapy and
at present, it contributes to speech technology, and increasingly to forensic science. Phonetic symbols
are a great help when it comes to learning to pronounce English words correctly and learning phonetics
is requiring as it is a part of the ordinary equipment of a teacher.

Teaching phonetics is very important as it is significant for the student to grow an understanding of
how sound material is ordered and grasp in particular languages. This thus represents a link between
the "language world" and the "speech world". And teaching of phonetics also helps student in acquiring
the new sounds and it is essential that the teacher should be able not only to make the sounds correctly,
but to analyze and describe the technique by which he or she makes them.

Learning phonetics is helpful in order to be capable to explain how certain speech and sounds are
produced. mainly articulator phonetics which deals with the nature of the speech organs, how we have
to "move" them to create certain sounds so to help then to get a better understanding of how English
words are more accurately pronounced.
Phonetics knowledge helps to make pronunciation clearer and thus facilitates the process of learning
how to speak an English language as it should be.
Phonetic symbols are a great help when it comes to learning to pronounce English words appropriately.
By learning phonetics, we can improve our pronunciation as pronunciation is the biggest thing that
people notice about our English.
Those who are learning language, a passive acquaintance with phonetic transcription enable him or her
to extract precise and explicit information on pronunciation from a dictionary, bilingual or
monolingual.
Without this information, a learner risks being misled either by an inadequately trained ear or by the
dazzling effect of the ordinary spelling
After learning phonetics we can pronounce well and make everything understandable and
Pleasant. As a teacher; English phonetic transcription has played a very big role in process of
learning English pronunciation Learning.
.

References

(1). Hornby, A. S. (2005). Oxford Advanced learners dictionary.Oxford University press:


United Kingdom.
(2). Jones, D. (2006). Cambridge English pronouncing dictionary. J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd:
United Kingdom.
(3). Roach, P. (2006) English phonetics and phonology. The press syndicate of the University
of Cambridge; United Kingdom.
(4). Smith, J. & Bloor, M. (1985). Simple phonetics for teachers. Methuen & Co.Ltd 11 New
Fetter Lane: London
Conclusion

Phonetic transcriptions can help get better understanding of the importance of connected
speech when speaking English. The fundamental standard of phonetics transcription is that
each sign should for all time stands for one particular sound and that each sound should
always represent by the same sign.we usually directly specify of its pronunciation

A diphthong is a gliding monosyllabic speech sound that starts at or near the articulator
position for one vowel and moves to or toward the position of another

A vowel diagram is also known as the vowel chart. It is a schematic arrangement of the ,
vowels. Depending from the Particular language being discussed, it can take the form of a
triangle or a quadrilateral. Vertical position on the diagram denotes the closeness with close
vowels at the top of the diagram, and horizontal position denotes the vowel back ness, with
front vowels at the left of the diagram

In linguistics, intonation is variation of pitch when speaking which is not used to distinguish
words it compare the tones of language. Intonation and stress are two main importance of
linguistic prosody. All languages use pitch semantically, that is, as intonation, for instance for
emphasis, to convey surprise or irony, or to pose a question. Rising intonation means the pitch
of the voice increases over time; falling intonation means that the pitch decreases with time. A
dipping intonation falls and then rises, whereas a peaking intonation rises and then falls.

Over all phonetics is very important to both for the teachers and students.

Lastly, I thank my module tutor for coming up this type of assignment as it benefited a lot for
the trainees.
Intonations of first five sentences.

(1) During the First four years of the last war the Allies experienced nothing but a disasters
and disappointment.

During the First four years of the last war/

The Allies experienced nothing /

but a disasters and disappointment//

2) That was our constant fear: one blow after another, terrible losses, frightful dangers.

That was our constant fear:/

one blow after another,/

terrible losses,/

frightful dangers//

(3)Everything miscarried.

Everything miscarried//

(4) And yet at the end of those four years the morale of Allies was higher than that of
Germans, who had moved from one aggressive triumph to another, and who stood everywhere
triumphant invaders of the lands into which they had broken.

And yet at the end of those four years /

the morale of Allies was higher than that of Germans,/

who had moved from one aggressive triumph to another,/


and who stood everywhere triumphant invaders/

of the lands into which they had broken.//

(5) During that war we repeatedly asked ourselves the question: How are we going to win?
And no one was able ever to answer it with much precision, until at the end, quite suddenly,
quite unexpectedly, our terrible foe collapsed before us, and we were so glutted with victory
that in our folly we threw it away.

During that war/

we repeatedly asked ourselves the question://

How are we going to win?/

And no one was able ever to answer it with much precision,/

until at the end, /

quite suddenly,

quite unexpectedly, /

our terrible foe collapsed before us, /

and we were so glutted with victory/

that in our folly we threw it away.//


The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill.

He was born by accident in30th November 1874 in Blenheim place


as he should have been born in January. HE was born when his
mother was attending a dance in ladies room.He is the son of Lord
Randolph Churchill and an American mother; he was educated at
Harrow and Sandhurst. In 1896 to 1897 he served as a soldier and
journalist in India, In 1898 Churchill fought at the battle of
Omdurman (1899) after a brief but eventful career in the army, he
became a Conservative Member of Parliament in 1900. He held many high posts in Liberal
and Conservative governments during the first three decades of the century. At the outbreak of
the Second World War, he was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty - a post which he had
earlier held from 1911 to 1915. In May, 1940, he became Prime Minister and Minister of
Defense and remained in office until 1945. He took over the premiership again in the
Conservative victory of 1951 and resigned in 1955. However, he remained a Member of
Parliament until the general election of 1964, when he did not seek re-election. Queen
Elizabeth II conferred on Churchill the dignity of Knighthood and invested him with the
insignia of the Order of the Garter in 1953. Among the other countless honours and
decorations he received, special mention should be made of the honorary citizenship of the
United States which President Kennedy conferred on him in 1963.

Churchill's literary career began with campaign reports: The Story of the Malakand Field
Force (1898) and The River War (1899), an account of the campaign in the Sudan and the
Battle of Omdurman. In 1900, he published his only novel, Savrola, and, six years later, his
first major work, the biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill. His other famous
biography, the life of his great ancestor, the Duke of Marlborough, was published in four
volumes between 1933 and 1938. Churchill's history of the First World War appeared in four
volumes under the title of The World Crisis (1923-29); his memoirs of the Second World War
ran to six volumes (1948-1953/54). After his retirement from office, Churchill wrote a History
of the English-speaking Peoples (4 vols., 1956-58). His magnificent oratory survives in a
dozen volumes of speeches, among them The Unrelenting Struggle (1942), The Dawn of
Liberation (1945), and Victory (1946). Wiston Churchill died on January 24, 1965

His speech “Their finest hour” was spoke on 18th June 1940 to the house of common after the
evacuation of troops of France. The country Allies experienced terrible losses and disaster, so
he spoke the life of Allies about the past four years and the present situation. He was very
happy as he was elected as Prime minister on month of May but on that time so many battles
are going on and the people there was no peace. His people suffered for four years and every
where were disasters and dristurbances.Fortunately his enemy collapsed suddenly which was
unexpected. On other side he was glad to know about the collapsed of their enemy of France
but bit worried as the battle of British was about to begin. His speeches were a great
inspiration to the embattled forces. He also stated how to safe their life from Hitler as Hitler
thought to break them in that Island. So Wiston Churchill encouraged his troops to brace their
duty to safe themselves.
Table of Content

Sl. No Contents pages

1 Introduction 1

2 A word of the original 2


speaker.
3 The text of elocution 3

4 Transcribed Elocution 4-6

5 The first ten diphthongs with 7-8


their Vowel diagrams
6 Illustrations of the 9 - 10
Intonations pattern in the
first five sentences.
7 Conclusions 11

8 References 12