You are on page 1of 11

Front End Stationary Head Shell type Rear End Stationary Head

A CHANNEL AND E ONE PASS SHELL L FIXED TUBESHEET,


REMOVABLE COVER LIKE 'A' STATIONARY
HEAD

B BONNET F TWO PASS SHELL M FIXED TUBESHEET,


(INTEGRAL COVER) WITH LIKE 'B' STATIONARY
LONGITUDINAL HEAD
BAFFLE

C CHANNEL INTEGRAL G SPLIT FLOW M FIXED TUBESHEET,


WITH TUBE- SHEET LIKE 'C' STATIONARY
AND REMOVABLE HEAD
COVER
Shown: Removable Tube
Bundle only
C Shown: Fixed Tube sheet H DOUBLE SPLIT P OUTSIDE PACKED
only FLOW FLOATING HEAD

D J DIVIDED FLOW S FLOATING HEAD WITH


SPECIAL HIGH
BACKING DEVICE
PRESSURE CLOSURE
(SPLIT RING)

K KETTLE TYPE T PULL THROUGH


REBOILER FLOATING HEAD

U U-TUBE BUNDLE
W PACKED FLOATING
TUBE SHEET WITH
LANTERN RING

Some Examples of the TEMA Designation


for Heat Exchangers:

BEM Bonnet (Integral Cover), One Pass Shell, Fixed Tube sheet Bonnet

BEM This is the same type of heat exchanger as above, but with one tube pass.

AEM Channel with Removable Cover, One Pass Shell, Fixed Tube sheet Bonnet
AES Channel and Removable Cover, One Pass Shell, Floating Head with Backing Device

TEMA Type BEP or AEP:

Construction:

• Available in TEMA B, C, or R construction


• Removable bundle.
• Straight tube
• Skirt type packed floating tube sheet

Applications:
Recommended for:

• Hydrogen
• Oxygen
• Air
• Nitrogen
• Hydrocarbon gases
• Gases with low molecular weights

Advantages:

• Floating end allows for differential thermal

expansion between the shell side and tube side,


eliminating the need for a costly expansion joint
• Well-suited to higher pressure, gas in the tube

units, and low molecular weight gas units


• Intermixing of shell and tube fluids is unlikely
• Provides maximum heat transfer surface and

high thermal efficiency.


• Multi-pass tube side designs are available
• Straight tubes can be easily cleaned
• Tube bundle can be easily removed for cleaning shell side, repairing or replacing.

Limitations:

• >Maximum shell side design pressures are generally limited to 150 PSIG
• Gases, except for low pressure air and nitrogen, should be kept on the tube side

General Specifications:

Shell Side:
Sizes from 6" to 44" Diameter
Pressures: 150 PSIG standard
Temperatures: 250 degrees F standard, up to 375
degrees F available
Tube Side:
Tube sizes 5/8" OD to 1" OD
Pressures: Up to 3000 PSIG
Temperatures: 300 degrees F, up to 600 degrees F available
TEMA Type BEW or AEW (OR)

Construction

• Available in TEMA B, C, or R construction


• Removable bundle
• straight tube
• full floating head with double O-ring seal

Applications:
Recommended for:

• Oil
• Water
• Air
• Nitrogen
• Dry Carbon Dioxide
• Other inert gases

Should not be used for:

• Hydrocarbon gases
• Hydrogen
• Oxygen
• Lethal gases
• Gases with low molecular weights
• Volatile, toxic, or flammable fluids

Advantages:
• Tube bundle can be easily removed for cleaning shell side, repairing or replacing
• Straight tubes can be easily cleaned
• Double O-ring seal allows tube bundle to expand and contract freely
• Prevents intermixing of shell and tube side

fluids.
• Telltale holes are provided in the O-ring retainer

for leak detection


• Most cost-effective floating head type

construction.
• All gasket joints are exposed for easy

observation of leaks.

Limitations:

• Maximum number of tube passes is two


• Fluid intermixing is possible in the event of an O-ring failure
• Maximum temperatures are limited

General Specifications:
Shell Side:
Sizes from 6" to 44"
Pressures: Up to 550 PSIG for units up to 12” diameter
Up to 300 PSIG for units 14” diameter and greater
Temperatures: Up to 375 degrees F
Tube Side:
Tube sizes 3/8" OD to 1" OD
Material: Admiralty and copper alloys, carbon steel, stainless steel, monel and others
Pressures: Up to 1000 PSIG for sizes 6" to 16"; up to 300 PSIG for sizes over 16"
Temperatures: Up to 375 degrees F

TEMA Type BEU or AEU


Construction:

• Removable bundle
• U-tube
• Full floating bundle
• ASME and TEMA "B", "C" or "R" construction

Application:

• Recommended for gas & liquid services.


• For oil and other viscous fluid heaters with

steam on the tube side.

Advantages:

• No packed joint to leak and contaminate fluid


• Gasket joints are minimized
• Provides multi-pass tube designs
• U-bends allow for differential thermal expansion
• Less costly than packed floating head or floating head

designs, especially for higher tube side pressured since


there is only one tube sheet, shell flange and head

Limitations:
• Should be avoided where the tube side fluid is dirty or fouling since tubes can only be

cleaned by chemical means.


• True counter-current flow cannot be obtained since single pass on the tubeside is not

possible.
• Cannot be used where a temperature cross exists.

General Specifications:
Shell Side:
Pressures: 150 PSIG standard, up to 1200 psig available
Temperatures: 300 degrees F standard, up to 600 degrees F available
Tube Side:
Pressures: 150 PSIG up to 3000 PSIG
Temperatures: 300 degrees F standard, up to 600 degrees F available

TEMA Type BEM or AEM

Construction:

• Available in TEMA "B", "C," or "R" construction


• Fixed tube sheet,
• Non-removable bundle
• Straight tube

Application:

• Any clean fluid on the shell side


• Lube oils
• Hydraulic oils
• Most chemicals
• Acids
• Refrigerants
• Steam
• Other gases

Advantages:

• No shell side gaskets or packing


• Straight tubes can be easily cleaned
• Provides multi-pass tube side arrangements
• Less costly than removable bundle units

Limitations:

• Tube bundle is not removable for cleaning or replacement


• Shell side can only be cleaned by chemical methods
• No provision for thermal expansion between shell and tubes unless and expansion joint is

used.

General Specifications:
Shell Side:
Pressures: 150 PSIG standard, up to 600 PSIG available
Temperatures: 300 degrees F standard, up to 600 degrees F available
Tube Side:
Pressures: 150 PSIG standard, up to 3000 PSIG available
Temperatures: 300 degrees F standard, up to 600 degreed F available

TEMA Type BES or AES


Construction:

• Available in TEMA "B", "C", or "R" construction


• Removable bundle
• Internal clamp ring
• Full floating head
• Straight tube
• Can be designed to comply with API-660.

Application:

• Refinery services
• Flammable fluids
• Toxic fluids

Advantages:

• Full floating head provides for differential thermal expansion between the shell and tubes
• Straight tubes can be cleaned

Limitations:

• Difficult to remove tube bundle resulting in higher maintenance costs.


• The internal floating head cover gasket is not visible for detection of possible leaks.
• More costly than U-tube or floating head designs