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Shortcuts to warm-up studies

Aycan Teztel

Before starting each practice session, play with the mouthpiece, then play with your horn
Always use metronome
q=60 inhale deeply and try to play each line in a single breath

   gliss.  gliss.   gliss.  gliss.    


 ,

1 1 1 1 2 1
1) 
mp mf mp mf doo loo
(or dah dah)
( glissando with lip ) ( gliss. with slide )
(soft tonguing - legato)


  gliss. gliss.  
     
2 2 2 2 3 2
gliss. gliss.

simile


  gliss.  gliss.  
 gliss.  gliss.   
3 4 3

3 3 3


  gliss.  gliss. 
4 4 4 4 5 4 
 gliss.  gliss.    


  gliss.  gliss. 
5 5 5 5 6 5

 gliss.  gliss.    


  gliss.  gliss.  
6 6 6 6 7 6
 gliss.  gliss.    

( "F" attachment )


v v v

v v v
  gliss gliss.  
-2. -2. -2.

-2. -3. -2.
.       
3
in a single breath



1 1 1 1 2 1
 gliss.  gliss.   gliss.  gliss.    
mp mf




2 2 2 2 3 2
 gliss. gliss.   gliss. gliss.    



 3 3 3 3 4 3
 gliss.  gliss.   gliss.  gliss.    



 4 4 4 4 5 4
 gliss. gliss.   gliss. gliss.    



 5 5 5 5 6 5

 gliss.  gliss.   gliss.  gliss.    


6  

6 6

6 7 6

gliss. gliss.  gliss.  gliss.    

       

(also practise ending with vibrato)

1 gliss. 1 gliss. 1

1 gliss. 2 gliss. 1
 ,

mf

  gliss. gliss.   gliss. gliss.     



2 2 2 2 3 2

  gliss.  gliss.   gliss.  gliss. 3    



3 3 3 3 4
4
in a single breath

  gliss. gliss. 
4 4 4
4 gliss.5 gliss. 4    

  gliss.  gliss.  5 gliss. 6 gliss. 5    



5 5 5

    gliss.gliss.     
 
6 6

6 6 7 6
gliss.

   gliss.  2 gliss. 1    

1 gli 1 iss. 1 1

ss. gl

mf

 2 gliss. 2 gliss. 2  2 gliss. 3 gliss. 2    



    gliss. 4 gliss.     

3 g 3 3 3 3

liss. gliss.

     gliss.5 gliss. 4    

4 g 4
liss. 4 gliss. 4

  ss.  gli 
  gliss.  gliss. 5    

5 gli 5 ss. 5 5 6

mf

          
  
6 6 6 6 7 6
 
5

q=70 in a single breath

                   
1 gli 1

ss. gliss.
2) 
mf (gliss with lip)
(Don't break the air stream, steady stream of air makes good tonal quality)

        
2

gliss. 2 gliss.

                 
3 3
 
gliss. gliss.

        
4 4
gliss.
 gliss. 

                 
5 5
 gliss. 
gliss.

 6 gliss. 6
 gliss.        

          
7 7
 
gliss. gliss.
6

q=70 in a single breath


 tah   
   liss. 1 gliss. 
                 

1 g tah

3)   
mf
(try to keep the same tone quality in legato and staccato sections)

    
 gliss.  gliss.                  

2 2

 

    
 gliss.  gliss.                 
 
3 3

 

 gliss.  gliss.                  
 
4 4

 

 gliss.  gliss.                 


  
5 5



 
6 6
                  
gliss.
 gliss. 

  gliss. 
7 7
                   
gliss.  
    
7

q=70 in a single breath


   
   liss.gliss                       
1g

1 .
4) 
mf

          
 gliss.  gliss.  
           
  
2

2
     

          
  gliss.  gliss.                   
3 3
 
  
  

  gliss. gliss.   
                
4 4

     

 gliss.5 gliss.                 



5

             

  gliss.  gliss.   
                
6 6

     

  gliss. gliss.                    
7 7
  
           
8 q=100 - 140

              7   
6

5a) 
p cresc.

  gli  ss. gli  ss. gl  ss.


ss. gli ss. gli iss. gli gliss.  
f

           
6
 7   

p cresc.

  gliss.  gliss. gliss.  gliss. gliss.  gliss. gliss.  


f

  
         

  
p cresc.


 gliss. gliss. gliss  gliss. gliss  gliss. gliss  
. . .

q=70 - 84

    
                  
   
glissando 6 6
 
7

5b)
p

legato

                          
p

               
                         
staccato

 

p
9

                          
 

p

                         
 

                         


  
 

q=72 - 82

  
1 gliss. 1
 
1 gliss. 2 gliss.
  
 
gliss.
6)  
mp mf

 
2
 gliss. 2 gliss. 3
2
        
 
gliss. gliss.

mp mf


     
-3

     
3 3 3
gliss. 4 gliss.
  
gliss. gliss.

mp mf


-4

  gliss.   5 gliss.    


4 4

4 glis

gliss. s.

mp mf

      
-5

     
5 5 5 6

gliss. gliss. gliss.
 
gliss.

mp mf

 
-6
   
6
 
6

6 7
gliss. gliss. gliss.
 
gliss.

mp mf


         
7 7
  
7 7

gliss.
 
gliss. gliss. gliss.

mp mf
10

q=72 - 82
        gliss
+2 +2
  .  gliss.
   gliss.   
1 1
7) 
gliss.
  
mp
use diaphragm pressure instead of lip pressure on the high notes

              gliss. g 
+3 +3

  
2 2
gliss.
 gliss.
   liss. 

     gliss
-3 +4
     
+4

      . 
3
 gliss.  
3

gliss.


         
-4 +5 +5

   
   
4 4 gliss.
gliss.
 
gliss.

           +5 glis
+5 -5 +6 +6

 5   

gliss. 5
    s.  
 
gliss.

       +6 glis
 s.  gliss. 
7+6 -6
  gliss.  
 
6 6

gliss.
 

         
    gliss.
+7
  gliss.  
7 7 +7

   
 
gliss. gliss.
11

q=72
        

      
1 1
gliss. gliss.
8) 
mp cresc. mf
keep a steady flow of air to create good tone quality

        
 
2
  
 
2
gliss. gliss.

mp cresc. mf

       
  
  
3
 
3
gliss. gliss.

mp cresc. mf

        
 
4 4
 
gliss.
 gliss.  
mp cresc. mf

            
    
5 5
gliss.
 gliss.

mp cresc. mf

        
    
6 6
gliss.
 gliss.

mp cresc. mf

       
  gliss.      
7 7
gliss.
   
mp cresc. mf
12

q=72 - 90
  
  
       
9)   
mf
 

     
    
15

  
   

   
18
     
   
   

  
21
      
  
   

   
24
      
   
   

27
    
    
  
   

  
  
30
    
   
  

13
q=72 - 90

           ,
     
10)     
mf

     
      
     
,
    

     
        
     
  

           ,
        
mf

     
         ,
       

     
      
       
  

          
-3
,
          
 
mf

       
             ,
     

      
     
          

14
      
-4
  
,
       
 
       
mf

      
,
       

     
          
     

        
-5
,
  
+5

          
mf
       
            
+5 ,
     

          
           
  

         
+6 -6 ,
       
 
mf
     
   
+6 ,
         
  

         
         
  

  ,
       
+7
 
       
mf
     
   
+7 ,
         
  
     
          
    
15

q=80 - 120

  gliss. gliss.                  
        
11a) 

 gliss. gliss.    
             
         

       
   gliss. gliss. 
     
    
     


  
  gliss.  gliss.                       

  
  gliss.  gliss.                     


  gliss.  gliss.                          

  gliss. gliss.                         


 
 
16

q=70 - 100
  
   gliss.
 gliss.     
11b) 
mf

          
        

  
  gliss.
 gliss.     
mf

  
                      

 -3 
  gliss.
 gliss.     
mf

                  
        
17

 
-4

  gliss.
 gliss.     
mf

  
           

 -5 
  gliss.
 gliss.     
mf
  
                      


  
-6
  gliss.
 gliss.     
mf

          

       
gliss.
 gliss.
 
mf

                         
 
18

q=70 - 100
  
        
  gliss.  gliss.      
11c)  

   
                
     
 

  
         
  gliss.  gliss.        

   
                
        

        
   .       
gli ss . g lis s
     

         
 
            
   
 

  
  gliss.  gliss.            
   

  

     
         
  
 
19

   

  gliss. gliss.            
    

         
 
              
      

  
  gliss.  gliss. 
          
    

  

     
         
   

       
gliss.
 gliss.
 

 
            
     

  
                    
     
20
q=80

                   


12)          
mp tah tah tah tah

                        
       

                      
       

      
     
   
 

q=80
  
     
               
13)  
mp tah tah tah mf
  
       
        
   

mp mf
  
          
    
     
mp mf

   
            
  
+4

mp mf

  
          
+5
 
       

mp mf
 
            +6  
   
   
mp mf
 
        
+7

    
      

  
mp mf
      
21
q=70 - 90
      
          
14) 
mp tah tah (simile)

   
         
      
mp

        

     
     

  
mp

   
     
 

   


mp

       

    
     
   
 
mp

   
       
  
   
mp

   
       
    
  
mp
22

                
     
q=70 - 80

15)          
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

                     
                   

  
   
      
     
          
 

5
 

5
  

5
  
5

     
      

  

  
   
     
6 6 6 6

      
          
               

          
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

         
  
          
        

   
   
       
 

         

 

     
5 5 5 5

            
          
    

  
 
  
6 6 6 6

 
                 
    
  
     

           
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

          
     
            
 
23

   
   
       
     

     
   
5 5 5 5

  
    
         
    
   


 
  
 
  
   
    
6 6 6 6

                 
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
  
           

                   

          
       

  
   
      
   
    
    

 
    
5
 
 
5
   5 
 
5
       
         
    

     
6 6 6 6

                 
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
 
         
 
                       
              

    
          
   
        
     
5
  
    

5
     5
   5

   
   
 

 
  
  
  
     
6 6 6 6
24

                  
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
 
           

                       
       
        

120
  
   
      
           
    
5 5 5 5

 
   
       
    
   
 
  
 
  
   
   
6 6 6 6

                  
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
 
           

    
                          
          

      
      
 
           
5 5 5 5

  
   
      

       
     
 
  
     

   
6 6 6 6
25


q=60
  ,     
  
,
16) 
pp

     ,     


   
,

     ,     


   ,


   
   ,    ,
  

   
   ,   
 
,
 

   
   ,   
   

  

26

       

17) 
p f

       

p f

     
  
p f

       


p f


-4
    
  
p f


-3     
  
p f

 -2     
 

p f


-1
    
   

p f
Daily Technical Studies 27

*practise this exercise with a full orchestral sound and blow straight through to instrument
*keep a good quality of tone in each note, take very short breaths when necessary and
do not make big spaces in between the notes

q=72
      
     
,
 
, 
1) 
mf
(practise also forte and fortissimo)

    
    
,
  
 


           
  

   
       
   


          
 

    
      
 
etc
28

  
q=72 - 130
  
          

C major
2) 
mf


    
,
   
   

        
 
A minor
        
 
 

        
       
,
    
 



,     
  
       
this scale pattern must be practiced in all major and minor scales
practise with tongue and also in legato

    
   
3)       
f     

    
     
    
   
    
29

  
          
   
q=72
     
4) 
mf

  

           
   
  
mf

 
             
    
  
mf

       
          
  
mf

 
              

 
  
 
mf

  
 
         
   
  
mf

  
              
     
mf
30

q=72
    
   
       
5)    
 
mp

  
   
       
  
    

  
         
     
   


  
    
        
   
 

  
            
     
  


  
   
        
  
   

    
         
    
 

31

  
q=72
   
  
         
6) 
mp

  
    
           
mp

   
    
    
      
mp

  
    
           
mp

   
    
              
mp

  
    
     
     
mp

  
     
     
     
mp
32
air attack: create the note only using air flow, without using the tongue

 
                               
hu hu hu hu hu (simile)

7a)
                             
           

                   
 

                             
 

 
                                     

"hu" syllables should be created by air attack and "tu" syllables should be created with tongue

                               
hu hu hu hu hu tu tu tu tu tu smile
7b)
mp

                             
           

         
-4
                   
 

                             
-4



 
                                          
smile

tone quality should be the same on both the half, quarter, eighth and sixteenth notes
do not lose tone quality as the notes get shorter 33

fast tonguing is created by the movement of tongue that is as small as possible.


move slide rapidly as you change positions

  
q=70 - 130
                   
8) 
mf

                            

       
             

               
   

        
              

    
  

      
             

                 
  

       
               

                 
  
34

     
               

              
   

        
             
mf

                  
   

      
             

    

   
                  


 
      


         
           


     
35

    
-4 -3
               


         -4  
   
 

      
             


    
 

    
                 


      

    
               


  
 

     
               



 
    

36

    
                


   
 

      
              


 
   

     
               


 
   
 

     
              

 
   

     
               


   
 
37

     
              


 
 
  

      
              


    
 

    
                


 
   

      
             


 
  
 
38

studies 9-10 and 11 are derived from Mozart's Requiem

 
       
9)  
f

    
     


         
 

   
     

      
      

     
    

   
     
 
39
    +5       
3

      
      
10) 
p

         
+2

     

       
p

         
-3 +3
  
         

p

  
-4 +4
  
           
  
p

           
-5 +5

         
  
p

   
+6
    
-6

        
6

 
p

  
+7
 
               
7


p
+5  
40
      
11)         
      

mp

      +5 
  
           
  
mp

            
          
mp

     
         
 
mp

              
         

mp

     
         
  
mp

       



        
 

mp

           
      
  
   
mp
41

REQUIEM
W. A. Mozart

         

f

                
  
+5

  
mp

               
-3 +4 -4

      
 
mf cresc.

     
     
      
+5

     
 p

          
        
 

                
  

p f

     
      
fp p