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The Geological Evaluation of the Middle Miocene Herrera Deepwater Turbidite Sandstones within the Overthrust Limb
of the WSW Plunging Penal/Barrackpore Anticline, Southern Sub-Basin Trinidad*

Josanne McMillan1

Search and Discovery Article #51176 (2015)**


Posted October 13, 2015

*Adapted from poster presentation given at AAPG Latin America and Caribbean Region, 20th Caribbean Geological Conference 2015, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, West Indies,
May 17-22, 2015
**Datapages © 2015 Serial rights given by author. For all other rights contact author directly.

1
Petrotrin, Exploration & Geophysics Department, Pointe-a-Pierre, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies (Josanne.McMillan@petrotrin.com)

Abstract

The Middle Miocene Herrera sandstones of the Cipero Formation serve as the primary producing reservoir of the Penal/Barrackpore Field. These syn-
tectonic deep water turbidites are encased within the Cipero shales and have been severely folded and faulted within the WSW-plunging Penal
Barrackpore Anticline. Integration of surface geology, sub-regional SBC 2D seismic, and well data from the Southern Basin reveals that the Herrera sands
occur broadly within three structural levels – the overthrust (Shallow Herrera), intermediate or overturned limb, and the sub-thrust (Deep Herrera).
Regional data suggest that the Penal Barrackpore Anticline plunges toward the NW-SE trending Los Bajos Fault. Exploratory drilling encountered and
produced oil from Shallow Herrera sandstones, generating significant exploration potential along this structural trend of the Penal field. With the absence
of 3D seismic data, careful integration of biostratigrahic markers, vintage well logs and regional analogues were used to unravel the stratigraphic
complexity of this reservoir to de-risk exploration prospects.
THE GEOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF THE MIDDLE MIOCENE HERRERA DEEPWATER
TURBIDITE SANDSTONES WITHIN THE OVERTHRUST LIMB OF THE WSW PLUNGING
PENAL/ BARRACKPORE ANTICLINE, SOUTHERN SUB BASIN TRINIDAD
Josanne Mc Millan

STRUCTURAL CORRELATION & CROSS SECTION


X2 X3 X4 X5
A NW SE A’
NW SE
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5

STRUCTURAL CROSS SECTION


N
A

¾ Both correlation & cross section show that


A’
the sands move from thick in the
north/north-west to progressively thinner
towards the south/south –east. SCALE -1:393m

STRUCTURAL CORRELATION
X2, X3, X4 & X5

CONCLUSIONS
It must be re-iterated that reservoir is known to exist in the area. However, in the past, these reservoirs were not ideally targeted.
Therefore, the three main conclusions that were drawn from this study were:
1. There is stratigraphic thinning of the Herrera reservoir near the Penal/Barrackpore anticlinal axis & hence careful consideration should
be given to avoid such areas.
2. In addition, it revealed that more emphasis should be placed on identifying stratigraphic traps as many different channels are present.
3. Finally, low resistive sands should also be considered and examined in this area since low resistivity pay was found.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS & REFERENCES


Thanks to the management of the Petroleum Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited for permission to publish results of my study. Special thanks to Ms. Carol Telemaque, Senior
Manager, Exploration & Development for her continued support and encouragement. I would also like to acknowledge Mr. Curtis Archie, Manager of Exploration & Geophysics , Mr. Xavier
Moonan & Mr. Christopher Weekes.

Bitterli, P. (1958). Herrera Subsurface Structure of Penal Field, Trinidad, BWI. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists , 145-158
Dyer, B. The Geology of the Penal/Barrackpore Field, Onshore Trinidad. Pointe-a-Pierre: Trinidad and Tobago Marine Petroleum Company Limited.
Dyer, B., & Cosgrove, P. (1992). PENAL/BARRACKPORE FIELD- WEST INDIES, South Trinidad Basin. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Treatise of Petroleum Geological Atlas of Oil and Gas Fields , 139-157.
Kugler, H. (1961). Geological Map and Sections of Trinidad, 1:100,000. Zurich: Orell Fussli.
Moonan, X. (2010). 4-D Understanding of the Evolution of the Penal/Barrackpore Anticline, Southern Sub-Basin, Trinidad. Pointe-a-Pierre: PETROTRIN