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Simulation of Three-Phase Inverter with a PWM Control EPO662

FACULTY OF ELECTRICAL
STUDENT’S KIT
ENGINEERING TM
LAB MODULE
UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

Program: EE 242 Sem : 7


Ownership : Centre of Electrical Power Engineering Studies (CEPES)
FKE Doc.ID : Date Issued : 2010

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY V


COURSE CODE: EPO662

Simulation of a Three-Phase Bridge Inverter with a PWM Control Using MATLAB


Software

Authors

Wan Noraishah Wan Abdul Munim


Prepared by : Date : December 2010
Puteri Nor Asyikin Megat Yunus

st
1 Revision : Date :

nd
2 Revision : Date :

Endorsement by Centre of Studies

Chair : Date :

Signature :
Simulation of Three-Phase Inverter with a PWM Control EPO662

MODULE OUTCOMES:

Upon completion of this experiment, students should have the followings:

MO1 : Ability to get an understanding of power electronics designing using engineering


software
MO2 : Ability to design and study the operation of a three-phase inverter circuit with 180°
conduction

INTRODUCTION:

Pulse Width Modulation

Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) is broadly used as a switching in order to control electric and
electronic devices. The combination of DC signal and the frequency of reference signal
determine the fundamental frequency of the output voltage. The method of using PWM
control by comparing the triangular wave signal with the dc reference signal can be adjusted
to get the Pulse Width Modulation algorithm as in Figure 1. PWM also is a method of
controlling the amount of power to a load without having dissipated any power in the load
driver. The purpose of pulse-width modulation is to vary duty cycle, , according to:

Thus, modulating either ton or toff or both can vary the duty cycle, δ.
Simulation of Three-Phase Inverter with a PWM Control EPO662

180-Degree Conduction

Three-phase inverters are mostly applied in high-power applications. The gating signals of a
single-phase inverter should be advanced or delayed by 180° with respect to each other to
obtain three-phase balanced voltages. Fundamentally, a three-phase output can be obtained
from the configuration of six transistors and six diodes whereas each transistor conducts for
180°. The load can be connected either in Delta-connected or Y-connected. There are six
modes in a cycle and the duration of each mode is 60°. The sequences of transistor’s gating
are 123, 234, 345, 456, 561, and 612. The gating signals are shifted from each other by 60°.
Based on Figure 2, the terminal a is connected to the positive terminal of the dc input voltage
when transistor Q1 conduct. Contrarily, terminal a will connected to the negative terminal of
the dc source when the transistor Q4 is switched on. A short circuit across the dc link voltage
supply will occur if the switched of any leg of the inverter (Q 1 and Q4, Q3 and Q6 or Q5 and
Q2) are switched on at the same time. The switches of any leg of the inverter also cannot be
switched off at once to avoid undefined states and thus undefined ac output line voltages. [1]
Simulation of Three-Phase Inverter with a PWM Control EPO662

EXPERIMENTAL WORK AND EXERCISES:

Figure 2: Two-Level Three-Phase Inverter

Instruction:

1. Draw and simulate the two-level three-phase inverter as shown in Figure 2 using
Matlab software.
2. With 100Vdc of 50Hz frequency and resistive load in each phase 1kΩ, the three-
phase load is connected in Y-connected.
3. Key in the time delay in Table 1 for each of the pulse generator.

Table 1: Time Delay Values


Waveform Time Delay (ms)

G1

G2

G3

G4

G5

G6
Simulation of Three-Phase Inverter with a PWM Control EPO662

4. Determine the pole, line and phase voltages waveforms. To edit the graph, double click
the scope and then select "Data history". In this section, check the "Save data to
workspace" box and enter your desired variable name and change its format to
"Structure with time" as shown in Figure 3. After run the simulation, return to your main
page or Command Window. Based on Figure 4, a figure can be created with the
command e.g: simplot (Vpole). Edit and Save the waveforms obtained.

Figure 4

Figure 3

5. Calculate the phase voltage, line current, RMS value of line and phase voltages.
Record the calculations in Table 2. Compare the theoretical with the simulation values.

Table 2: Phase Voltage, Line Current, RMS Line-to-Line and RMS Phase Voltage
Values

Phase Voltage Line Current RMS Value RMS Value


(V) (A) Line-to-Line Voltage (V) Phase Voltage (V)

6. Discuss the results.

CONCLUSION:

Conclude in detail the findings and the outcomes of this simulation. This should include the
summary of knowledge gained, comments and discussion of the results.

REFERENCES:

[1] Muhammad H. Rashid, “Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications”, 3rd
Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004

END