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SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTION

By
Group 2
1. Muhammad Zikrullah
2. Ahmad Hanif Akbar
3. Desi Permatasari

BG.5C
ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
MUHAMMADIYAH UNVERSITY of MAKASSAR
2018
S ubordinate conjunction is a conjunction that starting a sentence in

dependent clause. These words connected the idea of main clause and the
subordinate clause in a complex sentence. In every each dependent clause has
their own conjunction words.

Dependent clause contains Noun clause, Adjective Clause, and Adverb


Clause which is has same formula (Conjunction + S + V) but has a different role.

1. Subordinate Conjunction in Noun Clause

Noun clause is a dependent clause functioned as noun and as a noun, it


can be a subject, object, and subject complement. Also can be replaced by “it”.

Formula:

If/whether/that/question word + Subject + Verb + …..

Noun clause sentence start with subordinator (if/whether, that, or question word)
named Noun Clause Marker. Here a list of it:

Noun Clause Explanation


Question Word  What (ever or time, kind, day, etc.)
 Who
 Whose
 Which
 Where
 When
 How
If/whether Use if/whether for answering yes-no question or reported
speech sentence
That Some list of verb in main clause that followed by that:
 Assume
 Believe
 Notice
 Think
 Suppose
 Dream
 Know
 Learn
 Realize, etc.

EXAMPLES

Noun Clause Example


Question Word  What she cooked was delicious.
 I love when smelling the morning aroma.
 How long it will continue, no one know.
If/whether  I wonder if he lives in Makassar.
 Try to realize if the Gundam in real life.
 She dream to be an artist whether she is blind.
That  Can you imagine that the space is full of banana?
 I love that she starting to loop her hair.
 The fact that banana is long can’t be avoided.
2. Subordinate Conjunction in Adjective Clause

Adjective clause (relative clause) is a dependent clause functioned as


adjective which is explained the noun in the main clause of Complex Sentence

Formula:

Main clause (Independent Clause) + Adjective Clause (Relative Pronoun +


Subject + Verb)

Subordinate conjunction in adjective clause called Relative Pronoun and


Relative Adverb. Those contain some words like:

Relative Pronoun Relative Adverb


 Who  Where
 Whom  When
 Which  Why
 That

Adjective clause always follow the noun or pronoun that want to be explained.

Situation Position
Explaining Subject S + Adjective Clause + V + O
Explaining Object S + V + O + Adjective Clause
Explaining Subject Complement S+ Linking V + S Complement +
Adjective Clause
EXAMPLES

Relative Pronoun Relative Adverb


 I know him who eat banana  Jungle, place where all
there. animals gather is scary.
 Aldian is the richest person in  I know you when you eat
banana land which is have no that fruit.
hair.  Sally still confused Why
 Lord Baron that called banana Tok Dalang is so thin.
an apple is the smarter lord.
3. Subordinate Conjunction in Adverbial Clause

Adverbial clause is a dependent clause functioned as adverb and giving


“extra information” about verb, adjective, or the adverb that in the independent
clause with capacity to answer how, when, where, why.

Adverbial clause start with subordination conjunction that connected with


independent clause so it makes a complex sentence. Adverbial clause can be
placed in the first or the last sentence. Here kind of adverbial clause:

 Adverbial clause of time


 Adverbial clause of place
 Adverbial clause of cause and effect
 Adverbial clause of purpose and result
 Adverbial clause of condition
 Adverbial clause of contrast
 Adverbial clause of manner

Formula:

Subordinate conjunction +Subject +verb + …..

Function of Adverbial Clause

Function Example
Giving “extra information” about verb I was kicking the iron so that I feel
the pain.
Giving “extra information” about Her face look fresh because she
adjective always use cucumber mask every
single night.
Giving “extra information” about He munching quickly in order to
adverb show to his crush how cool him.

EXAMPLES

Subordinate Conjunction Example


TIME  After finishing my hair, I
(after, before, as, as long as, as soon as, will mop the tree.
by the time, once, twice, then, till, until,  I can singing while my hand
when, while, every time) squeezing the sponge.
PLACE  I can take you wherever you
(anywhere, everywhere, wherever) want.
 Everywhere in this country,
you’ll see a bunch of candy
in a tree.
CONTRAST  Even though you’re
(although, as the time, but, even, if, even stronger, my daddy will not
though, on the other hand, still, though, giving up easily.
whereas, while, yet)  Winny kiss my cat on the
other hand her has an
allergic of cat.
CAUSE & EFFECT  As long as he still in here,
(as, as long as, because, due the fact you can’t go back to your
that, how, in, as much as, since, house.
so…that, that)  The banana squash was very
fresh because it’s 100% of
banana.
PURPOSE  You can eat the pizza in
(in case, in order that, in the hope that, order that to make it clean.
least, so that, to the end that)  In case she still here, I can
do everything.
CONDITION  In the event that you fulfill
(as long as/in so far as, even if, if, the agreement, you can win
if…not, in case (that), in the event that, this car.
on condition that, only if, otherwise,  My mother will be happy as
provided, suppose, unless, whether or long as my father doesn’t
not) come home late.
MANNER  The way you eat reflect how
(as, how, in that, the way) elegant you’re in this
country.
 You can live your life how
you want.