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A SEMINAR REPORT

ON

Study of “PRECAST CONSTRUCTION”

SUBMITTED TO THE SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY, PUNE

Dr. D. Y. PATIL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, PIMPRI.

AS A PART OF SEMINAR WORK

IN T. E. (CIVIL) SEM II (2018-19)

BY

Rohit Vinod Vishwakarma

Roll No.TCLB 17 Exam No. T150240153

UNDER THE GUIDANCE Of

Dr. P.S Dange

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


DR. D. Y.PATIL UNITECH SOCIETY'S

DR. D. Y. PATIL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, PIMRI, PUNE-411018

SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY


2018-19
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the Seminar Report entitled

Study of “PRECAST CONSTRUCTION”


Submitted by

Rohit Vinod Vishwakarma


Has successfully completed his Seminar work under the supervision of Dr. P.S Dange as a partial
fulfillment of Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune as per the syllabus. This work has not been
submitted elsewhere for any degree and diploma.

Dr. P.S Dange Dr. Deepa A. Joshi Dr. S. N. Mali


Guide HoD Civil Principal

External Examiner
ACKNOWLEGMENT
I would like to express my deep sense of gratitude towards my project guide Dr. P.S Dange for
his kind co-operation, support and valuable guidance. I would like to thank his for showing trust
in me and for giving opportunity to work on this challenging work.

I would also like to thank Dr. Deepa. A. Joshi , Head of the Department, Civil Engineering, Dr.
S. N. Mali, Principal and the faculty of Department of Civil Engineering whose constant
encouragement and expert guidance was instrumental in the completion of this seminar work.

Let me, at the end, express gratitude to all those from whom I received co-operation, help &
motivation during seminar work.

Rohit Vinod Vishwakarma


ABSTRACT

Though the precast concrete structural systems are being widely used worldwide, in India most
of the constructions are cast-in-situ concrete constructions. The tremendous growth of population
in India and limited space available has led to the demand for multistory residential buildings.
This demand can be satisfied by the utilization of factory made quality controlled precast units
that provides for faster construction leading to economy. Earthquakes are natural disasters which
have caused a lot of infrastructural damage and loss to human lives. In the past earthquakes, the
cost effective precast structural systems had not performed well. The failure of the precast
structures was attributed to the poor performance of connections.

The phrase 'off-site construction' refers to the completion of elements or components of a


construction project at a different location to where they will be permanently installed. Typically,
this can involve planning, design, fabrication and assembly in purpose-built off-site factories.
The completed item is then transported to site and assembled in place. Off-site locations may be
permanent manufacturing facilities, or 'flying factories', that is, temporary facilities that operate
for the duration of a project and then 'fly' to a new location to service another project. Off-site
construction is often referred to as 'prefabrication', 'off-site manufacture' or 'modern methods of
construction', and it may involve modular construction. It is most commonly concerned with
permanent structures rather than temporary or relocatable structures.
Sr. No. Particulars Page No.
1 Introduction
1.1 General 01
1.2 Objectives 02
1.3 Need of Research 02
2. Literature Review
2.1 Research papers 04
2.2 History of recycled Rubber tyre. 07
3. Discussions
3.1Topic selection 08
3.2 Data collection 08
3.2.1 Process of conversion end of life Rubber 08
tyres to crumb rubber modifier.
3.2.1.1 Ambient grinding 09
3.2.1.2 Cryogenic grinding 10
3.2.2 Process for creating RTR binders and 13
Mixtures.
3.2.2.1 Dry Process on site 13
3.2.2.2 Wet process on site 14
3.2.2.3 Wet process at terminal 14
(particulate and Non-particulate)
3.3 Properties of Crumb Rubber 16
3.4 Test on Rubberized bitumen. 16
3.5 Application of rubber tyre. 20
3.6 Advantage of Rubberized Bitumen over 21
Plain Bitumen
4. Case study 22
Conclusion 24
Future scope of work 25
References 26