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A

Seminar Report
On

“Design and Assignment of Multilayer


Leaf Spring”
BY

Mr. Nikam Rajendra Kailas


T150120933
(T.E. Mechanical)

Guided By
Prof. K.C. Bhosale

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Sanjivani College of Engineering, Kopargaon

SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY, PUNE


In the academic year 2018-19
Sanjivani College of Engineering, Kopargaon

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Mr. Nikam Rajendra Kailas, has successfully


completed the Seminar work entitled “Design and Assignment of
Multilayer Leaf Spring” under my supervision, in the partial fullfillment
of Bachelor of Engineering - Mechanical Engineering, by Savitribai Phule
Pune University, Pune.

Date :
Place : Kopargaon

Prof. K.C. Bhosale Dr. A. G. Thakur.


(Seminar Guide) Head of Department
(Vice principle)

Dr. D. N. Kyatanavar
Examiner Seal Principle
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I am highly indebted to Prof.K.C.Bhosale for his guidance and constant


supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the seminar and
also for his support in completing the seminar.
I would like to express my gratitude towards Dr.A.G.Thakur, vice Principal
and Head of Mechanical Engineering Department for his encouragement and guidance
which helped me in completion of this seminar.
My thanks and appreciations also goes to my teachers for providing time to
time help in developing the seminar.
Nikam Rajendra Kailas
TE-B (125)
T150120933
INDEX

CH.NO CHAPTER NAME PAGE.NO

1. INTRODUCTION 01

2. MATERIALS AND METHODS 02

3. MATERIAL PROPERTIES 05

4. MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES 06

5. STATIC TEST 09

6. RESULTS 15

7. CONCLUSION 17

REFERANCES 18
LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE NO. TITLE PAGE NO.


2.1 Fine Fibers Mat 03
2.2 Super Fine Fibers Mat 04
2.3 Coarse Fibers Mat 04
4.1 Wood Pattern 06
4.2 Composite Material Mold 07
4.3 Composite Material Mold 07
4.4 Actual Composite Leaf Spring 08
5.1 Static test rig with undeformed spring 09
5.2 Static Test Rig. With Deformed Spring 10
5.3 Static Test Graph 10
5.4 Meshed Model of Steel Leaf Spring with
Boundary Conditions 12
5.5 Bending Stress of Steel Leaf Spring 12
5.6 Bending Stress of Steel Leaf Spring 13
5.7 Bending Stress of Composite Leaf Spring 13
5.8 Complete Deformation of Composite Leaf Spring 14
LIST OF TABLES

Table No. Name of Tables Page No.


2.1. Parameter Values 02
6.1 Comparison between theoretical and ANSYS
results of conventional steel leaf spring 15
6.2 FEA results comparison between steel and composite
leaf spring 15
6.3 Percent saving of weight by using composites 16
ABSTRACT

Design and analysis of composite leaf spring has been done in the present paper.
ANSYS -12has been used to conduct the analysis. Static structural tool has been used of
ANSYS. A three layer composite leaf spring with full length leave. E-Glass/epoxy
composite material has been used . Conventional steel leaf spring results have been
compared with the present results obtained for composite leaf spring. E-glass/epoxy
material is better in strength and lighter in weight as contrast with conventional steel leaf
spring. A wide amount of study has been conducted in this paper to investigate the design
and analysis of leaf spring and leaf spring fatigue life.
The static testing and analysis part is covered by using universal testing machine and
ANSYS 12.1 software. While designing for light weight vehicles, we have considered
maximum load near about 5000N in quarter car model. Existing leaf spring is made by
steel material and its alloys but here we do replace it with Glass Fibre Reinforced Plastic
material.

Keywords—GFRP, composite leaf, Resin, Kevlar, Hardener, weight reduction, PVA


chemical Leaf spring, Finite element analysis, FEM, Fatigue analysis CAE tool