0 views

Uploaded by david garcia

matrix

- Cambridge sche
- Introduction
- 2005s
- lin2007IICh5pt1
- IISemCompleEco
- Matrix
- 16 Dependent
- BUS 202 (6)_Course Outline_Tapas
- A1b
- 3272011_19084
- Notes LinearSystems
- Matrix Algebra
- Principal minors of PSD matrix.pdf
- m18292
- Algebra Lineal Semana 1 Matrices
- BregmanAlgorithms_JacquelineBush
- Matrix Row Operations
- 1 content - copy
- Gould
- Introduction to Matlab

You are on page 1of 3

MATRIX is a simply set of numbers arranged in rectangular. Matrices usually inside the parentheses () or

bracket [].

ELEMENTS IN A MATRIX

The elements in a matrix A are denoted by aij , where i is the row number and j is the column

number.

5 4 9

A= ( )

1 −2 3

The element a21= 1, since the element in the 2nd row and 1st column is 1.

The element a13= 9, since the element in the 1st row and 3rd column is 9.

We can only add or subtract the matrices if they have the same dimensions. To add matrices,

just add corresponding elements.

Ex.

8 3 4 5 −2 1 8+5 3 + (−2) 4 + 1 13 1 5

( )+( )=( )=( )

0 −1 9 6 3 3 0+6 −1+3 9+5 6 2 14

In scalar multiplication of matrices we multiply (or divide) each element by the scalar value (a single

number)

Ex.

3 1

If A = (7 − 1)

2 8

then

3 1 3𝑥3 3𝑥1 9 3

3A = 3(7 − 1) = (3𝑥7 3𝑥 − 1) = (21 − 3)

2 8 3𝑥2 3𝑥8 6 24

MULTIPLICATION OF MATRICES

We can only multiply matrices if the number of columns in the first matrix is the same as the

number of row in the second matrix.

B) Multiplying a 7 x 1 matrix by 2 x 3 matrix is NOT possible.

MULTIPLYING 2 MATRICES

As an example, let’s take a general, 2 x 3 matrix multiplied by 3 x 2 matrix and it gives 2 x 2

matrix.

𝑢 𝑣

𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 𝑎𝑢 + 𝑏𝑤 + 𝑎𝑦 𝑎𝑣 + 𝑏𝑥 + 𝑐𝑧

( ) (𝑤 𝑥 ) = ( )

𝑑 𝑒 𝑓 𝑦 𝑧 𝑑𝑢 + 𝑒𝑤 + 𝑓𝑦 𝑑𝑣 + 𝑒𝑥 + 𝑓𝑧

Example

3 1

0 −1 2 0 − 1 + 12 0−2+2 11 0

( ) (1 2) = ( )=( )

4 11 2 12 + 11 + 12 − 4 + 22 + 2 35 20

6 1

DETERMINANTS

Is a square array of numbers (written within a pair of vertical lines) which represent a certain

sum of products.

An example of 3 x 3 determinant (it has 3 rows and 3 column)

10 0 −3

|−2 − 4 1|

3 0 2

The result of multiplying out, then simplifying the elements of a determinant is a single number

(a scalar quantity)

Calculating a 2 x 2 determinant, in general we find the value of 2 x 2 determinant with elements

a, b, c, and d as follows:

𝑎 𝑏

| | = ad – cb

𝑐 𝑑

Example.

4 1

| | = 4x3 – 2x1 = 12 – 2 = 10

2 3

3 x 3 Determinants

Can be evaluated in various ways.

Expansion by Minors

The cofactor is formed from the elements that are not in the same row as a and not in the same column

as a.

𝑎 𝑏 𝑐

|𝑑 𝑒 𝑓| The cofactor of a is |𝑒 𝑓|

𝑔 ℎ 𝑖 ℎ 𝑖

We evaluate 3 x 3 determinant using expansion by minors. This involves multiplying the elements in the

first column of the determinant by the cofactors of those elements. We subtract the middle product and

add the final product.

𝑎 𝑏 𝑐

𝑒 𝑓 𝑏 𝑐 𝑏 𝑐

|𝑑 𝑒 𝑓| = a| | - d| |+𝑔| |

ℎ 𝑖 ℎ 𝑖 𝑒 𝑓

𝑔 ℎ 𝑖

Diagonal Method

(aei+bfg+cdh) - (afh+bdi+ceg)

Example

2 3 1

1 4 3 1 3 1

|5 1 4| = 2 | | - 5| | + 4| |

8 2 8 2 1 4

4 8 2

= 2(−30) − 5(−2) + 4(11)

= -60+10+44

= −𝟔

OR

2 3 1 2 3

|5 1 4| 5 1

4 8 2 4 8

= (4 + 48 + 40) – (30 + 64 + 4)

= 92 – 98

= -6

- Cambridge scheUploaded byadamadamO
- IntroductionUploaded byMarian Celeste
- 2005sUploaded byKagz
- lin2007IICh5pt1Uploaded byMas Gund
- IISemCompleEcoUploaded byAnand Naidu
- MatrixUploaded byMunna Khan
- 16 DependentUploaded bySerdar Bilge
- BUS 202 (6)_Course Outline_TapasUploaded byTapas
- A1bUploaded byTanmoy Pal Chowdhury
- 3272011_19084Uploaded byASPERPHYS
- Notes LinearSystemsUploaded byjoe
- Matrix AlgebraUploaded byQasim Ali
- Principal minors of PSD matrix.pdfUploaded bykamal__singh
- m18292Uploaded byAzani Sulaiman
- Algebra Lineal Semana 1 MatricesUploaded byedgar jafet murillo silva
- BregmanAlgorithms_JacquelineBushUploaded bycorazonpuro
- Matrix Row OperationsUploaded byahmedmagd63
- 1 content - copyUploaded byapi-297121029
- GouldUploaded byTom Davis
- Introduction to MatlabUploaded byHenry Limantono
- Computer Concepts C Programming Dec 2010Uploaded byPrasad C M
- EEE Syllabus2007 08Uploaded byPavan Vasantham
- sree1Uploaded byapi-19799369
- Practica MatricesUploaded byJose Luis Pedro Ochoa
- FeedbackUploaded byJoshua Cruz
- eigen1Uploaded bySaiKumar Arra
- Performance of Wind-excited Linked Building Systems Considering the Link-Induced Structural CouplingUploaded byfelipe_arriagada_11
- 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.Uploaded bykannu23
- MatlabUploaded byStephanie Rose Ilano Calma
- Hp 49g+ User's Guide EnglishUploaded byThebe Setshedi

- Pnnl Naspi Workshop Model Validation 20161018Uploaded byWijarn Wangdee
- NormUploaded byTrinh Chien
- Lecture 2 CaculusUploaded byJuan Mercado
- Introduction to Computational ChemistryUploaded byBruno Oliveira
- Upload 3Uploaded byKrishnapal Singh
- Quiz 1 review questions (solutions).docxUploaded bySteven Nguyen
- prmtopUploaded byWilliam Agudelo
- MIKE 11 Short Introduction-TutorialUploaded byadamaso09
- 2B1QUploaded byDaniel Simanjuntak
- A Brief Report on Geometrical Modeling and Meshing of Textile Structures in TexGenUploaded byAmir Mosavi
- 8th Grade Letter- Module 1Uploaded byEmily Greaves
- AssignmentUploaded bym3ghna_h
- interim quiz inverse variation translationsUploaded byapi-249037964
- HighVoltageEngineering.pdfUploaded byBruno Lopes
- tut2Uploaded byJayanta Basak
- Engineering Measurements 2Uploaded byKCC
- Surge Pressure (Water Hammer ) olga 5Uploaded byangry_gran
- FRICTION LOSSES IN PIPES CONSISTING OF BENDS AND ELBOWSUploaded bywhoelse_i
- Chapter16 Investment Performance EvaluationUploaded byMah Jati Ingham
- Chgairflowlab JOSHI CAREYUploaded byelsmucho
- QI handbook-ToolsUploaded byPat Johnson
- Programming in ANSI C by BalaguruswamyUploaded byYuvraj243
- Introductory rial Game Theory1Uploaded byMayank Punetha
- term 3 overview 2017 final 2Uploaded byapi-366900882
- upa usb.pdfUploaded byTomas Fleitas
- Form 5 mathematics chapter 4 matricesUploaded byGan J Xin
- Text Mining in RUploaded byrumiocean
- Science 10 Module 1 (1-7)Uploaded byAndrea Detera
- NON-PROJECTED AV AIDS,Uploaded byshyamdas005
- ELEC06I03_anexUploaded byangel_hun