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ACCEPTANCE SHEET

This undergraduate thesis entitled, DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND


PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF CONTINUOUS FLOW COCONUT WATER
CONCENTRATOR FOR BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION prepared and submitted by
KLARK KENT ROMEO T. DEL ROSARIO in partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN AGRICULTURAL AND
BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING (AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND
RENEWABLE ENERGY), is hereby accepted:

MELBA D. DENSON, M.Sc. MARVIN M. CINENSE, Ph.D.


Member, Advisory Committee Member, Advisory Committee

Date Signed Date Signed

MARLON T. DELOS SANTOS, M.Sc.


Chairperson, Advisory Committee

Date Signed

Accepted as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of BACHELOR


OF SCIENCE IN AGRICULTURAL AND BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING
(AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY).

MARVIN M. CINENSE, Ph.D.


Chairman, Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

____________________
Date Signed

IRENEO C. AGULTO, Ph.D.


Dean, College of Engineering

____________________
Date Signed

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE
LIST OF TABLES v

LIST OF FIGURES vi

LIST OF APPENDICES vii

INTRODUCTION 1

Background of the Study 1


Statement of the Problem 3
Objectives of the Study 4
Significance of the Study 5
Scope and Limitation of the Study 6
Time and Place of the Study 6

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 7

Bioethanol 7

Worldwide Bioethanol Production 8


Bioethanol in Philippines 10

Bioethanol Production Process 11

Fermentation 11
Distillation 12

Feedstock 13

Low Sugar Content Feedstock 15

Coconut 16
Sugar Content 17
Concentration 18
Furnace 19
Insulating Materials 22
Chimney 22
Evaporating Pan 23
Machine Design 24
Performance Evaluation 26

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METHODOLOGY 27

Conceptualization of the Study 27


Design Considerations 28
Design Calculations 29
Design Planning 30

Pre-heating Tray 30
Continuous Flow Evaporator Tray 31
Furnace 31
Chimney 32

Fabrication Procedure 32
Preliminary Testing 32
Collection and Preparation of Sample 33
Final Testing and Evaluation 33
Performance Parameters 34
Statistical Analysis 35
Cost Analysis 35

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS 38

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION 39

LITERATURE CITED 40

APPENDICES 43

iv
LIST OF TABLES

TABLE PAGE
1 Brix Value of Common Fruits 15

2 Role of Furnace in Physical Processing 21

3 Materials and Instruments that will be used 33

v
LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE PAGE
1 Illustration of Density Gradient 24
2 The Design Process 25
3 Conceptual Framework of the Study 28
4 Isometric View of Continuous Flow Feedstock 30
Concentrator

vi
LIST OF APPENDICES

APPENDIX PAGE
1 Isometric View of Continuous 44
Flow Concentrator
2 Top View of Continuous Flow 45
Concentrator
3 Front View of Continuous Flow 46
Concentrator
4 Right Side View of Continuous Flow 47
Concentrator
5 Rear View of Continuous Flow 48
Concentrator

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