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outside the Congress became more strident, the

British appointed a commission in 1927, under


Sir John Simon, to recommend further
measures in the constitutional devolution of
power. The British failure to appoint an Indian
member to the commission outraged the
Congress and others, and, as a result, they
boycotted it throughout India, carrying
placards inscribed "Simon, Go Back." In 1929
the Congress responded by drafting its own
constitution under the guidance of Motilal
Nehru (Jawaharlal's father) demanding full
independence (purna swaraj ) by 1930; the
Congress went so far as to observe January 26,
1930, as the first anniversary of the first year of
independence.
Mahatma Gandhi reemerged from his long
seclusion by undertaking his most inspired
campaign, a march of about 400 kilometers
from his commune in Ahmadabad to Dandi, on
the coast of Gujarat between March 12 and
April 6, 1930. At Dandi, in protest against
extortionate British taxes on salt, he and
thousands of followers illegally but symbolically
made their own salt from sea water. Their
defiance reflected India's determination to be
free, despite the imprisonment of thousands of
protesters. For the next five years, the Congress
and government were locked in conflict and
negotiations until what became the Government