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# 3. Press CTRL+C.

## 4. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

5. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the
results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Tools menu, point to Formula
Auditing, and then click Formula Auditing Mode.

A
Score
45
90
1 78
2 Formula Description (Result)
3 =IF(A2>89,"A",IF(A2>79,"B", Assigns a letter grade to the
IF(A2>69,"C",IF(A2>59,"D","F")))) first score (F)
4
=IF(A3>89,"A",IF(A3>79,"B", Assigns a letter grade to the
IF(A3>69,"C",IF(A3>59,"D","F")))) second score (A)
=IF(A4>89,"A",IF(A4>79,"B", Assigns a letter grade to the
IF(A4>69,"C",IF(A4>59,"D","F")))) third score (C)

In the preceding example, the second IF statement is also the value_if_false argument to
the first IF statement. Similarly, the third IF statement is the value_if_false argument to
the second IF statement. For example, if the first logical_test (Average>89) is TRUE, "A"
is returned. If the first logical_test is FALSE, the second IF statement is evaluated, and so
on.

The letter grades are assigned to numbers using the following key.

## If Score is Then return

Greater than 89 A
From 80 to 89 B
From 70 to 79 C
From 60 to 69 D
Less than 60 F
0