0 views

Uploaded by Esther Tang

Chemical reaction engineering

- Modeling of Counter Current Moving Bed Gas-Solid Reactor Used in Direct Reduction of Iron Ore_plus
- 371b
- 471 - IDEAL REACTORS 2004.doc
- Exam II Sem II 2010 11 Cheng 323
- Articulo para resumen 1.pdf
- Chemical Reaction Engineering-I R2009 20-11-2014
- Gas–liquidmasstransferenhancementbycatalyst2016.pdf
- Core Practical by Everjoy Kanyangarara
- AP Chemistry, Kinetics Lab Report
- Chapter 1 Lecture 3 Kzks
- Lab Report CSTR 1.docx
- e100sol
- Introduction to Chemical Engineering
- HW6
- Scan 0001
- 7 Reasons Particle Size Analysis is Essential.docx
- Mixing in Bulk Chemical Industry
- Acm Webinar Final
- 5
- cpcl_hydrocracker

You are on page 1of 35

Lecture 1- Chapter 1

1

Lecture 1

Introduction

Definitions

Batch (BR)

Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR)

Plug Flow Reactor (PFR)

Packed Bed Reactor (PBR)

2

Chapter 1

Chemical reaction engineering is at the heart of

virtually every chemical process. It separates the

chemical engineer from other engineers.

Reaction Engineering (CRE) are:

CPI (Chemical Process Industries)

Examples like Dow, DuPont, Amoco, Chevron

3

Chapter 1

4

Chapter 1

Chemical Reaction Engineering (CRE) is the

field that studies the rates and mechanisms of

chemical reactions and the design of the reactors

in which they take place.

7

Chapter 1

Chemical Identity

A chemical species is said to have reacted when

it has lost its chemical identity.

The identity of a chemical species is determined

by the kind, number, and configuration of that

species’ atoms.

8

Chapter 1

Chemical Identity

A chemical species is said to have reacted when

it has lost its chemical identity.

There are three ways for a species to loose its

identity:

2. Combination N2 + O2 2 NO

3. Isomerization C2H5CH=CH2 CH2=C(CH3)2

9

Chapter 1

Reaction Rate

The reaction rate is the rate at which a species

looses its chemical identity per unit volume.

expressed as either:

The rate of Disappearance of reactant: -rA

or as

The rate of Formation (Generation) of product: rP

10

Reaction Rate

Consider the isomerization

AB

rA = the rate of formation of species A per unit

volume

-rA = the rate of a disappearance of species A

per unit volume

rB = the rate of formation of species B per unit

volume

11

Chapter 1

Reaction Rate

EXAMPLE: AB

If Species B is being formed at a rate of

0.2 moles per decimeter cubed per second, i.e.,

rB = 0.2 mole/dm3/s

-rA= 0.2 mole/dm3/s

The rate of formation (generation of A) is:

rA= -0.2 mole/dm3/s

12

Chapter 1

Reaction Rate

For a catalytic reaction we refer to –rA’ , which is the

rate of disappearance of species A on a per mass of

catalyst basis. (mol/gcat/s)

13

Chapter 1

Reaction Rate

Consider species j:

1. rj is the rate of formation of species j per unit volume

[e.g. mol/dm3s]

2. rj is a function of concentration, temperature,

pressure, and the type of catalyst (if any)

3. rj is independent of the type of reaction system

(batch, plug flow, etc.)

4. rj is an algebraic equation, not a differential equation

(e.g. -rA = kCA or -rA = kCA2)

14

Building Block 1: Chapter 1

System

Volume, V

Fj0 Gj Fj

Rate of Rate of Generation Accumulation

Species j in Species j out of Species j of Species j

dN j

Fj 0 Fj Gj

dt

mole mole mole mole

15 time time time time

Building Block 1: Chapter 1

If spatially uniform:

G j rjV

V1

V2

rj1

rj 2

G j1 rj1V1

G j 2 rj 2 V2

16

Building Block 1: Chapter 1

n

G j rji Vi

i 1

Take limit

n

Gj rji Vi r dV

j

i1 lim V 0 n

17

Building Block 1: Chapter 1

System

Volume, V

FA0 GA FA

dNA

FA 0 FA r dV

A

dt

18

Chapter 1

Batch

dN A

FA0 FA rA dV

dt

FA0 FA 0

Well-Mixed r dV r V

A A

dNA

rAV

19 dt

Chapter 1

dN A

Integrating dt

rAV

t 0 N A N A0

when

t t NA NA

NA

dN A

t

N A0

rAV

20

Chapter 1

NA

dN A

t

N A0

rAV

NA

21 t

Chapter 1

CSTR

dNA

FA 0 FA rA dV

dt

dNA

Steady State 0

dt

22

Chapter 1

Well Mixed r dV r V

A A

FA 0 FA rAV 0

FA 0 FA

V

rA

CSTR volume necessary to reduce the molar flow

rate from FA0 to FA.

23

Chapter 1

24

Chapter 1

V

FA FA

V V V

In Out Generation

at V 0

at V V in V

FA V FA V V rA V 0

25

Chapter 1

Rearrange and take limit as ΔV0

FA V V FA V

lim rA

V 0 V

dFA

rA

dV

flow rate (mol/s) from FA0 to the exit molar flow rate of FA.

26

Chapter 1

PFR

dN A

FA0 FA rA dV

dt

dN A

Steady State 0

dt

FA0 FA rA dV 0

27

Alternative Derivation Chapter 1

Differientiate with respect to V

0

dFA

rA

dFA

rA

dV dV

FA

dFA

The integral form is: V rA

FA 0

entering molar flow rate (mol/s) from FA0 to the

exit molar flow rate of FA.

28

Chapter 1

W

PBR

FA FA

W W W

FA W FA W W rA W

dN A

dt

Steady State dN A

0

dt

FA W W FA W

lim rA

29

W 0 W

Chapter 1

Rearrange:

dFA

rA

dW

The integral form to find the catalyst weight is:

FA

dFA

W

FA 0

rA

entering molar flow rate FA0 to molar flow rate FA.

30

Chapter 1

The GMBE applied to the four major reactor types

(and the general reaction AB)

Reactor Differential Algebraic Integral

NA

NA

dN A

Batch dN A

rAV t

dt rV

N A0 A

t

CSTR FA 0 FA

V

rA FA

FA

PFR dFA V

dFA

rA

dV FA 0

drA

V

FA FA

dFA dFA

PBR

dW

rA W

FA 0

rA

31

W

Algorithm

Separations

32

Algorithm

Reaction Engineering

33

Algorithm

Heat Effects

Isothermal Design

Stoichiometry

Rate Laws

Mole Balance

CRE Algorithm

34

Algorithm

CRE building blocks while learning this material!

35

Algorithm

Heat Effects

Isothermal Design

Stoichiometry

Rate Laws

Mole Balance

36

End of Lecture 1

37

- Modeling of Counter Current Moving Bed Gas-Solid Reactor Used in Direct Reduction of Iron Ore_plusUploaded byJavier Gómez
- 371bUploaded byDébora Nobrega
- 471 - IDEAL REACTORS 2004.docUploaded byEmmanuel Adah
- Exam II Sem II 2010 11 Cheng 323Uploaded byFaisal Mumtaz
- Articulo para resumen 1.pdfUploaded byHector Andres Cabezas
- Chemical Reaction Engineering-I R2009 20-11-2014Uploaded byrahul
- Gas–liquidmasstransferenhancementbycatalyst2016.pdfUploaded byIrvinSerranoJ
- Core Practical by Everjoy KanyangararaUploaded byJoshua Oneill
- AP Chemistry, Kinetics Lab ReportUploaded bySebatHian Santiago
- Chapter 1 Lecture 3 KzksUploaded bybarra63
- Lab Report CSTR 1.docxUploaded byNisha Sharif
- e100solUploaded byDavid Alemán Sánchez
- Introduction to Chemical EngineeringUploaded bymaribel
- HW6Uploaded bySerkan Gecim
- Scan 0001Uploaded byPinak Vadher
- 7 Reasons Particle Size Analysis is Essential.docxUploaded byEshaal Khan
- Mixing in Bulk Chemical IndustryUploaded byhmasif456
- Acm Webinar FinalUploaded bymatheus735
- 5Uploaded bydaffa
- cpcl_hydrocrackerUploaded byKaustav Nayak
- The nature of chemica process design and integration.pdfUploaded byDiana Carolina Prada
- Acm Webinar FinalUploaded byamericana91
- 1-s2.0-S1570794606801331-mainUploaded bydiegotorete1994
- Miodeling of Pilot Scale Fixed Bed DME ReactorUploaded bysiegherr
- 1040 Proceso Continuo Esteres MetilicosUploaded bybellesuper
- ChE101 PSUploaded byKevin Jang
- Chemical EquilibriaUploaded byicegg
- Reactor ControlUploaded byAmol Magar
- 1997. Catalytic Process Development_A Process Designer's Point of ViewUploaded byaegosmith
- SPE-151815-MSUploaded byRamanamurthy Palli

- kd4-LUploaded byarinzam
- Techno Lesson 3Uploaded bySiti
- Techno Lesson 4.pptxUploaded byEsther Tang
- JAWAPAN SOALAN OBJEKTIF.docxUploaded byEsther Tang
- Fluid Mechanics C4Uploaded byEsther Tang
- Fluid Mechanics C4Uploaded byEsther Tang
- Dai 3 kaUploaded byEsther Tang
- MUET_ANSWER2012-2013.docxUploaded byEsther Tang
- Compilation of MUET Speaking QuestionsUploaded bygajeel1991
- Fluid Mechanics Chapter 1Uploaded byEsther Tang
- CoursecatalogueUploaded byEsther Tang
- bab-1-bab-9Uploaded byGoh Chee
- Narrative EssayUploaded bycopiee
- Add. Maths Project Work 2014Uploaded by佳惠
- Add. Maths Project Work 2014Uploaded by佳惠
- Add. Maths Project Work 2014Uploaded by佳惠
- ParabolaUploaded byEsther Tang
- Article Good News Abt Exercise and Breast CancerUploaded byEsther Tang
- Article Good News Abt Exercise and Breast CancerUploaded byEsther Tang
- Modul 1 Poligon Latihan TambahanUploaded byadik5967
- Compilation of MUET Speaking QuestionsUploaded bygajeel1991

- Condensed Matter PhysicsUploaded byChristopher Brown
- BasetecUploaded bybrandboyvivek
- Alloy Zn NiUploaded byFabiola Pinillos
- CN1111 Tutorial 4 QuestionUploaded bythenewperson
- Long Distance Step-outs How Far Can We GoUploaded byLewis Lack
- Developmental Design (Equations)Uploaded byGerald Lim
- Chapter 5 Chemistry LectureUploaded byrobet12
- Lectut MTN 302 PDF Corrosion FormsUploaded byDevashish Meena
- Remin Plant_Process_Description.pdfUploaded bysaaroomani
- CHAPTER 1.1_Intro.pdfUploaded bySeHa Hassan
- Chapter 2-Thermodynamics 1Uploaded byarunramakrishnan
- Pressure - Summary and QuestionsUploaded byashok
- Synthesizing Cysteine-coated Magnetite Nanoparticles as MRIUploaded byBarbie Centeno
- Synthesis of nanomaterialsUploaded bySneha Kachhara
- Thermodynamics I Final Course Plan.pdfUploaded byAkatew Haile Mebrahtu
- 7_Hybridisation.pdfUploaded byMahesh Babu
- Solutions to Exercises Unit 4. Solubility and Precipitation EquilibrimUploaded bylolitanopica
- Colloid ChemistryUploaded byMickShazan
- Colligative PropertiesUploaded byprabs20069178
- Photo ResistorUploaded bysnehashissaha66
- enzyme concept mapUploaded byprameeta
- Prediction of Thermodynamic Properties of Polymeric Liquids Using a New EoSUploaded bymurdanetap957
- Milk Clot MCUUploaded byTuấnNguyễn
- intro water hardness.docxUploaded bysam syazwan
- Sens CalomelFree PH ProbesUploaded bymilanpk
- ProjectUploaded bySai Printers
- Utilization of Bagasse Fly Ash Generated in the Sugar Industry for the Removal and Recovery of Phenol and P-Nitrophenol From WastewaterUploaded bykaye
- P&IDUploaded byAz Zahra Assyifa Ushwah
- Quantum Mechanics Lectures NoteUploaded byNirmalya Nandi
- Aguilera Et Al., 2005Uploaded bylizardo andrade