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IC ENGINELAB (ME3475)

EXPERIMENT 3
KANGAD DEVANG (ME16BTECH11015)

Aim of the experiment is to analyse the variation of brake power, brake thermal efficiency,
brake specific fuel consumption, and Pressure with respect to θ keeping spark timing constant and
varying load.

Instrument required for the experiment is VCR engine and all its tool required for effective
functioning, Stopwatch, Dynamometer etc.

 Theory:
Brake Mean Effective Pressure: The definition of BMEP is: the average (mean) pressure which, IF
imposed on the pistons uniformly from the top to the bottom of each power stroke, would produce the
measured (brake) power output. Please note that BMEP is purely theoretical and has NOTHING to do
with ACTUAL CYLINDER PRESSURES. It is simply a tool to evaluate the efficiency of a given engine at
producing torque from a given displacement.

Brake Power: The power developed by the engine at the output shaft is called break power. Indicated
power produced inside the IC engine cylinder will be transmitted through the piston connecting rod
and crank. Therefore, a certain fraction of the indicated power produced inside the cylinder will be
lost due to friction of the moving parts of the engine. Therefore, net power available at the crankshaft
will be equal to the difference between the Indicated power produced inside the engine cylinder and
the power lost due to friction. The net power available at the crankshaft is measured by applying the
brake and is therefore called brake power.

Spark Timing: Spark Timing or Ignition timing refers to the timing, relative to the current piston
position and crankshaft angle, of the release of a spark in the combustion chamber near the end of
the compression stroke.

Brake Thermal Efficiency: Brake thermal efficiency of engine is ratio of BP and FP

Brake specific fuel consumption is the ratio of fuel consumption in kg/hr to the brake power(kW). So
its units are kg/(hr-kW). It is indicative of how much fuel is consumed in producing 3.6*106 joules of
energy or a power of 1kW for 1 hour.
 How to Perform Experiment:

 Take RPM constant and equivalence ratio as 1.


 Crank the VCR and set it at 1500rpm
 Spark timing was taken 16o from BDC and load was changed from 3 kg to 9kg.
 Measure the time to consume 12cc fuel.
 Repeat for different loads.
 Do the calculation.

Parameters of the Experiment Calculation


L=0.11 m
B=0.0875 m
N=1500 rpm

Density of Fuel=820 kg/m3


Calorific value of fuel=44800 J/kg

 Table

No Ignition Load Time mf BTE


BSFC
Timing
1 16o 3 kg 56.32 1.75*10-5 0.109
0.736
sec kg/s
2 16o 5 kg 43.82 2.25*10-5 0.141
0.568
sec kg/s
3 16o 7 kg 38.25 2.57*10-5 0.172
0.465
sec kg/s
4 16o 9 kg 37.35 2.63*10-5 0.217
0.370
sec kg/s

 Calculation
ṁf=pv/t

B.P=Nmep*L*A*N/60000 KW
BSFC= ṁf*3600/BP

BTE=B.P/ ṁf*Calorific value


Chart Title
30

25

20

15

10

0
-400 -300 -200 -100 0 100 200 300 400

Average cylinder pressure (3 kg) Average cylinder pressure (5 kg)


Average cylinder pressure (7 kg) Average cylinder pressure (9 kg)

B.P.(kW)
3

2.5

1.5

0.5

0
0 2 4 6 8 10

BSFC(kg/kWh)
0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0 2 4 6 8 10
BTE
0.25

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
0 2 4 6 8 10

The calculations are very uncertain due to the error in noting the time.