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Smart  Grid  Development  


in  China
IEEE  PES  ISGT  2014  
Ming  Ni  
NARI  Group    Corpora9on,  China
Outline

1  Introduction 

2  SGCC Smart Grid 

3  Demonstration Projects

Disclaimer:  Some  slides  in  this  presenta9on  are  from  Mr.  Yiming  Wang
Introduction - Overview of SGCC

Employees 1.86 million l  The largest power utility in the world

Total assets 2352.7 billion yuan l  Ranked 7th in Fortune Global 500 in
Customers Serves over 1.1 billion 2012
population
Electricity Sales Annual electricity sales of
3253.9TWh (2012)
Russian office

European office SGCC


U.S. office

Portugal’s National
Power Grid Hongkong office
Philippines office
Africa office India office
National Grid Corpration Brazil office
of the Philippines
Austria office Brazilian Holding Company

South Australian’s sole


power transmission networks
Introduction – NARI Group Corporation
n  Wholly-owned subsidiary of SGCC
Power Generation
n  NO.1 provider of power system automation,
hydropower automation and water
Renewable Energy
conservation, rail transportation monitoring
technology, equipment and services
Industrial Control
n  Employee 21,000 as of 2012

Transmission & Transformation


NARI
Distribution & Utilization

IT & Communication

Stability Control & Dispatching

Rail Transportation
Introduction - Challenges 

Imbalanced Distribution of Resources and Loads


Ø  North China & West China:
2/3 Coal & wind & solar Energy North-east 
Ø  Southwest China:
4/5 Water Energy
Ø  East China & Central China:
North
2/3 Energy Demand North-
west
Fast growth, large capacity :
Ø  Wind power: annually growth of 74.9% Tibet East
for the last 6 years; 64.26GW; Largest Central 
Ø  PV: large scale centralized development
along with distributed integration; 6.74
GW South
Environmental goals:
Ø  By 2020, 15% non-fossil energy
Ø  By 2020, CO2 emission per unit GDP decreased by 40%-45% than that of 2005.
SGCC Smart Grid - Strategic Targets

In May 2009, SGCC proposed the strategic


targets of strong & smart grid development 
One goal  Strong & Smart Grid 

Technique 
Two mainlines  Management 

2009-2010:Pilot Study 
2011-2015:Overall Construction  Three stages 
2016-2020:Improvement 

Foundation system 
Technical support system 
Four systems 
Smart application system 
Strong & Reliable  Standard & Specification system 
Cost-effective 
Clean & Environment-friendly 
Five characteristics  Generation 
Open & Transparent 
Friendly & Interactive  Transmission 
Transformation 
Distribution 
Six sectors  Utilization 
Dispatching 
SGCC Smart Grid - Concept of Strong & Smart Grid 

Integrated the concept of Strong and Smart Strong & Smart Grid
Ø Based on a UHV grid
backbone and coordinated
strong development of subordinate
grids at all levels
smart Ø Optimize energy resources
allocation; improve clean
energy access ; meet power
demand growth
Ø IT-based , automated and
interactive
SGCC Smart Grid - Planning

SGCC smart grid development - 3 stages 

2015-2020 

2011-2015 
Improvement 
2009-2010 
Overall Construction 

Pilot Study Enhancing resources


allocation capability,
Strengthen UHV grids and reliability, efficiency and
distribution grids; interaction among power
Formulating development Realize breakthroughs in grid, power sources and
plan, standards; and wide use of key consumers
R&D on key technology technologies and
and equipment ; equipment 
Launching pilot projects 
SGCC Smart Grid - Standards Formulation

Released Smart grid Technical Standards Framework in June, 2010 92 
and issued its revision in Oct.,2011 Standard 
 
Smart Dispatching Series 
 Technical support system 

26 Technical  dispatching 
for smart grid 

Ø  Published 220 Smart Utilization 


Fields  Interactive service 
Corporate Standards Power consumption 
information collection 
Ø  Formulated 97
Smart Transformation 
Smart power consumption 
service 
Industrial Standards, Smart Power Generation  Smart substation EV charging and discharging 
Coordination between grid and  Smart power consumption 
conventional power sources 
30 National Stand- 
testing  Communication 
and Information 

New energy integration 
Integration of bulk 
ards energy 
storage 
system 
Transmission 
network 
  Communication 
Ø  Cooperate with  network at both 
 Smart 
distribution and 
 Distribution 
consumption sides 
IEC , IEEE formula-  Business network 
 Smart
Distribution 

ting 14 international   Transmission 


automation  Support network for 
 Comprehensive
Management and 
Integration of  communications 

 Planning 
FACTs distributed
sources 
power  Basic information 

standards  VSC-HVDC  platform for smart 

8   
Smart grid terms and Integration of  grid 
methodology Monitoring on distributed energy  Applications of smart 
transmission line storage system 

Branches  Smart grid simulation and  environment 
Smart grid planning status and operation  grid information 
Communication and 
modeling  information security 
SGCC Smart Grid - Equipment Development 



 Equipment/System Development
Released Smart Grid Key 153 

Framework in June, 2010, and issued its revision in Oct., 2011  Items of Key 
 Equipment 
Dispatching 
28  Distribution  Technical support system 
Topics  Smart distribution 
equipment 
for smart grid dispatching 
above 
at provincial level and 


Transmission Distribution automation 
Technical support system 
for smart grid dispatching 
 Status monitoring device for  and distribution network  at district level 
transmission lines 
 planning 

Ø 116 equipments/ systems   Status monitoring


Key dispatching 
system for  Control, protection and  equipment (systems) for 
transmission lines  integration of distributed  the 12th Five-Year Plan 
 Key equipment for FACTs  power sources and  
development completed by  
micro-grid 

  Communication and 
Key equipment for VSC-HVDC 
  Information 
SGCC, and applied to our Key equipment for HVDC    Construction and 
   improvement of backbone 
    transmission network 

pilot projects.  Utilization  Construction of terminal 


  communication access 
 Consumption  network 

 Transformation  information 
collection  Construction and 
 optimization of 
7   Generation 
Key equipment for 
Smart energy 
consumption service 
communication support 
network 
 Conventional power 
the process layer 
Branches  generation  
and bay layer 

Key equipment for 


EV charging and 
discharging 
Infrastructures for 
information 

 Large-scale 
the control layer  Interactive service  Information system and 

renewable energy  Key technical 
center  advanced applications 

Bulk energy storage 


Information security and 
support equipment 

operation 
for construction and 
Smart power 

equipment 
consumption testing  O&M 
Demonstration Projects - Overview

Since 2009 

Ø Launched 313 pilot


projects.
Ø  286 pilot projects
completed so far.
Ø  36.2 billion Yuan invested
totally
Demonstration Projects -
Overview
Demonstration Projects - Overview
Demonstration Projects - UHV AC & DC Transmission
Construc8on   Opera8on    
Project  
Time   Time  

Jindongnan-­‐Nanyang-­‐Jingmen   12/2006   01/2009  

Huinan-­‐Shanghai   10/2011   10/2013  


Zhebei-­‐Fuzhou   04/2013   03/2015  

Wind: 8000MW Yunnan-­‐Guangdong   12/2006   06/2010  


PV: 1250MW Xiangjiaba-­‐Shanghai   12/2007   07/2010  
Hami Jinping-­‐Sunan   12/2009   12/2012  
Hami-­‐Zhengzhou   05/2012   09/2014  
Xiluodu-­‐Zhexi   07/2012   12/2014  

8000MW/2210km 
Jindongnan

2*3000MVA
Zhengzhou 
 Sunan 
Huinan Shanghai 
640km
Nanyang  Shanghai 
2×3000MVA
6400MW/1907km 
Jinping 7200MW/2059km  2×656kmZhebei  Zhexi 
Jingmen
Xiangjiaba 
2×3000MVA
Xiluodu  8000MW/1680km  Fuzhou 2×603km 
Legend  
Yunnan5000MW/1373km Guangdong 
1000kV AC, Commercial operation  
1000kV AC, Under construction 
±800kV DC, Commercial operation 
±800kV DC, Under construction 
Demonstration Projects - Zhoushan multi-terminal FDCTs

Ø Number of terminals:5
Ø Max capacity of one
terminal :400MW
Ø Voltage: ±200kV

Ø Improve system
operation flexibility
Ø Improve the power
quality of grid
Ø Improve power
supply reliability
Demonstration Projects –
Wind-PV-Storage-Transmission Pilot project

Ø The Wind-PV-Storage-Transmission Pilot project locates at the Zhangbei county,


200km northwest of Beijing.
Ø Phase I:100MW Wind Power, 40MW PV power, 20MW energy storage and a
220KV smart transformer substation.
Phase II:400MW Wind Power, 60MW PV power, 50MW energy storage.
Fully demonstrate the effect of the wind/PV/Storage/Transmission coordinated
operation, Wind/PV/storage ≈conventional power sources.
Demonstration Projects - Renewable Energy Integration

Large-scale Wind Power Forecast &


Operation Control

Ø  6 pilot projects in operation in North China,


Northeast China , Northwest China,
Xinjiang, Jilin and Gansu

Micro grid Operation of Distributed


Generation

Ø  25 pilot projects has been built in city, island


and rural area
Demonstration Projects –
Comprehensive Demonstration Project 
Tianjin eco-city ,Shanghai Expo, Yangzhou,Youth city,Shaoxing and Zhengzhou
Comprehensive smart grid demonstration project already started operation.

2010 Shanghai EXPO

Sino-Singapore
Tianjin ECO-CITY


Smart grid comprehensive demonstration projects


State Grid Pavilion received 1.61 million visitors are under construction in over 25 districts, such as

Beijing, Shandong, etc.
Demonstration Projects –
Comprehensive Demonstration Project 
Tianjin Eco-city Comprehensive smart grid demonstration project 

PV 
Exhibition hall  AMI 

Distribution
automation 
Communication Micro grid &
network  energy storage
Wind farm  110kV
Smart building/home  smart substation 

EV charge facilities 

Power company 
Demonstration Projects –
Smart Substation and Distribution Automation 
656 smart substations of 110KV~750KV built up.

750kV smart substation in Yan’an The 500kV smart substation in Yu’shan 220kV smart substation in Xi’jing

Smart distribution system built up in 23 cities.

Distribution and Dispatching Hall in Qing’dao DA management system in Qing’dao Integrated Terminal
Demonstration Projects - EV service

383 charging/battery-swap stations and 17,000


charging poles have been built, covering 26
provinces and municipalities.

EV charging/battery-swap service networks have


been set up in Qingdao and Hangzhou.

EV Charging/battery-swap service network inHangzhou EV Battery-swap Station in Qingdao


Demonstration Projects - EV service
Ø  Operating since July, 2011
Ø  Serving 200 buses
Ø  Providing battery-swap services for
176,000 times

Smart EV charging/battery-
swap/storage integrated
EV Charging/battery-swap station in Qingdao
service network in Hangzhou

Ø  128 charging/batter-swap


stations, realizing cross-city
interconnection for 5 cities
Ø  Serving 700 electric vehicles,
including 200 taxies
邓蔚路充换站
阳澄湖服务区
嘉定区充换站

白洋湖服务区 闵行区充换站

新塍服务区 枫泾服务区

嘉兴服务区

石桥站充换站
Demonstration Projects - AMI 

Ø The world’s largest AMI system


Ø Master stations of information
collection systems in 27 provinces
Ø Installation of 170 million smart
meters

Monitoring
Event Report &control

Monitoring
Master Station &control
Smart terminal
Smart Meter
Appendix: Smart Substation
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Overview - Definition 

Using   advanced,   reliable,   integrated,   low-­‐


carbon   ,   environment-­‐friendly   smart   devices,  
and   taking   the   digitaliza9on   of   sta9on  
informa9on,   networking   of   communica9on  
pla\orms,   and   standardiza9on   of   informa9on  
sharing   as   basic   requirements,   Smart  
Substa8on   is   defined   as   an   interac8ve  
substa8on   with   adjacent   substa9ons   and  
dispatching   center,   which   can   automa9cally  
complete   the   basic   informa9on   collec9on,  
measurement,   control,   protec9on   and  
monitoring,  as  well  as  advanced  func9ons  such  
as   real-­‐9me   automa9c   control,   smart   tuning,  
o n l i n e   a n a l y s i s   a n d   d e c i s i o n -­‐ m a k i n g ,  
collabora9ve  interac9on,  etc.
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Overview – SGCC Plan 

•  In  “12th  Five  Year  Plan"  period,  State  Grid  will  build  6100  
110  kV  and  above  smart  substa9ons.  
•  According   to   the   State   Grid’s   plan,   in   “12th   Five   Year   Plan”  
period,  the  State  Grid  plans  to  invest  1.6  trillion  RMB  to  build  
a   smart   grid.   Among   which,   about   20%,   i.e.,   320 billion
RMB, will  be  invested  in  smart  substa9ons  
Overview – Substation Development Generations 

Current   Transi8on   Future  


genera8on genera8on genera8on
Primary
equipments Smart substation
Primary Condition monitoring
equipments unit(built-in part) (primary
Intelligent equipments and
Intelligent
component(integrate) intelligent
component(separate)
components are
Protection unit Protection unit highly
Measurement unit Measurement unit integrated,
Control unit Control unit become all in one
Calculation unit
Calculation unit equipments )
Condition
Condition monitoring monitoring unit
unit
Overview – SGCC Smart Substation Development Plan 
Stage  3:    
Improvement  and  
Leading  
Stage  2:     (2016-­‐2020)  
Overall  construc8on   100%  of  new  
substa9ons    are  
(2011-­‐2015)   smart  substa9ons    
Stage  1:     About  30-­‐50%  of  new   Refurbish  30-­‐50%  
Planning  and  pilo8ng   substa9ons    are  smart   important    exis9ng  
substa9ons     substa9ons  as  
(2009-­‐2010)   smart  substa9ons  
Refurbish  10%  
important    exis9ng   Another  5000  
Set  Standards   substa9ons  as  smart   smart  substa9ons
Construct  or  refurbish  2-­‐3  330kV   substa9ons  
and  above  substa9ons  as  samples   Totally  1000-­‐1500  
Construct  or  refurbish  100   smart  substa9ons
66-­‐220kV  substa9ons  as  samples
Milestone of First-Generation Smart Substation
Development in China 

2009.12    110kV  Mengzi-­‐substa9on  ,    Shanghai  


The  first  integrated,  new-­‐type,  high-­‐tech  model  substa9on  
which  fulfilled  the  following  func9ons  smartly:  informa9on  
collec9on,  communica9on  ,  and  processing.  This  success  is  a  
start  point  for  widely  construc9on  and  refurbishment  of  
smart  substa9ons.    

2010.09  110kV  Beichuan  smart  substa9on,  


Szechwan  
The  technical  problems  of  tradi9onal  substa9on  that  
secondary  signal  is  easily  disturbed  have  been  solved  
totally,  which  laid  an  important  founda9on  for  the  
rapid  development  of  smart  substa9ons  
Milestone of First-Generation Smart Substation
Development in China 
2011.03    750kV  Yan’an  smart  substa9on,  Shanxi  
It  is  the  highest  voltage  level  smart  substa9on  in  the  world  
at  that  9me.  This  marks  China’s  leadership  in  smart  
substa9on  theory  research,  engineering  construc9on  and  
opera9on  management.  
   

2012.06    330kV  Xinsheng  smart  substa9on,    Shanxi  


This  is  the  first  fully  self-­‐made  smart  substa9on  in  China  .  
New-Generation Smart Substation 
There  are  6  new-­‐genera8on  smart  substa8on  demonstra8on  projects
220KV Dashi-substation Hechuan, Chongqing
110KV Dongkuo-substation Future city, Wuhan
110KV Gaoxinyuan-substation Tianjin

220KV Weilaicheng-substation Beijing

110KV Hailuo-substation Beijing


110KV intelligent substation Yetang, Shanghai

Characteris8cs  of  new-­‐genera8on  smart  substa8on


1)  Highly  intelligent  
integra8on,    maintenance  
free,    low  failure  rate   2)  Great  reduc8on  of  the  
land  size  required    
3)  High  efficiency  in  
installa8on  and  debugging  
Thank you!