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Savitribaiphulepuneuniversity

A Seminar on

Use Of Aqua Silencers Over Conventional


Silencers
By
Mr. Archil Soni

GUIDED BY
Mr.S.A.Awaghade

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Sinhgad Institute of Technology,Lonavala


A.Y.[2017-18]
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SINHGAD TECHNICAL EDUCATION SOCIETY’S

SINHGAD INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Mr.Archil Soni has successfully completed the seminar work
Entitled “Use of Aqua Silencers Over Conventional silencers” under my supervision,in
the partial fulfillment of Bachelor of Engineering-Mechnical Engineering.
By Savitribai Phule Pune University.

Date:

Place:

Prof.S.A.Awaghade(Guide)

External Examinar Dr. M. S.Gaikwad(Principal)


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
It gives me great pleasure to present a seminar on Use of Aqua Silencers Over
Conventional silencers.I preparing this seminar no. of hands helped me directly and
indirectly .Therefore its my duty to express my gratitude towards them.

I thank my guide,Mr.S.A.Awaghade for helping me with conceptualization and for being


a constant source of helping and guidance .His timely suggestions made it possible to
complete the seminar for me.All efforts might have gone in vain without his valuable
guidance.

Finally I would like to thank our HOD sir and Dr. M.S.Gaikwad(Principal) and the entire
staff members in Mechanical engineering Dept. for their Co-operation.

ARCHIL SONI

TME 07

T150420825
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LIST OF TABLES

TABLE CONTENT PAGE


NO. NO.
1. COMPARISON OF RESULTS OF EXPERIMENT 1 12
2. EMISSION COMPARISON 14
3. SOUND LEVEL COMPARISON 14
4. TEST RESULT AFTER 1HR 14
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LIST OF FIGURES

FIG.NO. CONTENTS

1. DRAFTED VIEW OF AQUA SILENCER


2. SIDE VIEW
3. FRONT VIEW
4. TOP VIEW
5. SECTIONAL VIEW OF AQUA SILENCER
6. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP OF AQUA SILENCER
EXPERIMENT 1
7. PUC TEST CONVENTIONAL SILENCER
8. PUC TEST AQUA SILENCER
9. SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF AQUA SILENCER
10. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP OF AQUA SILENCER
EXPERIMENT 2
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NOMENCLATURE
D bore

L stroke

n no. of cylinders

P engine power

N rpm

CFR cylinder firing rate

EFR engine firing rate

Vs Swept volume

Vm Silencer volume

db decibels
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ABSTRACT
Air pollution is the major growing threat to the modern era, which is causing ill effects to
both human beings as well as environment. So it is important to take strict actions againt
it . The main contributer to the air pollution are the growing no. of vehicals on the on the
roads which are releasing hazardous gases like Carbon Monoxide (CO), Oxides of
Nitrogen (NOx), Unburnt Hydrocarbons (UBHC) & Lead (Pb), etc.

A study showed the every individual person breaths approximately 22000 times a day,
inhaling about 15 to 22 kg of air daily. Polluted air causes physical ill effect decides
undesirable aestheticand physiological effects. Automobiles are not the only sources of
air pollution, other sources such as electric power generating stations, industrial and
domestic fuel consumption, refuse burning, industrial processing etc. also contribute
heavily to contamination of our environment so it is imperative that serious attempts
should be made to conserve of our environment from degradation.
An aqua silencer is a step forward in saving the environment from degradation by the ill
effects of air pollution. An aqua silencer is a concept which is designed to replace
conventional single unit engine silencers with a whole new device which is highly
efficient in performing its work. It is made to deal with the control of overall emissions
and undesirable sound at the engine exhaust of the vehicle.

The intensity or loudness of Sound produced due to working of an IC Engine can be


reduced by using water, as sound produce in water is less audible than produced in open
air. This is mainly because of the small sprockets of water molecules which are formed
around the packets of air or bubbles produced due to the emission of the gases in water
tank of aqua silencer which lowers its amplitude, thus lowers the sound level. Exhaust
emissions are controlled by applying a layer of activated charcoal on a perforated tube.
Activated charcoal is highly porous and possesses free extra valances and has good
absorption properties. So it absorbs the gases from the engine and releases much less
portion to the atmosphere. The level of the sound and smoke coming out of the aqua
silencer is considerably less than conventional silencer. Therefore serious attempts
should be made to conserve the earth’s environment from degradation.
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As the noise and smoke level is considerably less compared to conventional silencer, it is
cheaper and no need of catalytic converter with easy to installation procedure the Aqua
silencers are having powerful reasons to replace the conventional silencers in future
automobiles and industrial sector.
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CONTENTS

Sr.No. TITLE Page


No.
1. 1.INTRODUCTION 1-2
1.1OBJECTIVE
2. 2.CONSTRUCTION AND WORKING 3-5
3. 3. EFFECT OF DISSOLVED GASES ON WATER 6
3.1 ACTION OF DISSOLVED SOX
3.2 ACTION OF DISSOLVED CO2
3.3 ACTION OF DISSOLVED NOX
4. 4.METHODS TO CONTROL WATER POLLUTION 7
5. 5.ADVANTAGES OF ABSORPTION PROCESS 7
6. 6.EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS 8
7. 7.EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE 8
8. 8.CHEMICAL RECATIONS 9
9. 9. CASE STUDY-1 10-11
9.1 EXPERIMENTAL SETUP
9.2 RESULTS
10. 10. CASE STUDY-2 13
10.1 EXPERIMENTAL SETUP
10.2 RESULTS
11. 11.SCOPE OF PROJECT 15
12. 12.CONCLUSION 16
13. 13.REFERENCES 17-18