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@ Single down state model In this case the outage time is given by Equati (ii) Separate down state model In this case, the principle of Equations (8.32), (8.33) and (8.49) can be used to give Uyp= Ot det det Ag) gaara ppg Mata ni (_N sy HOt t tad Et Ny dat egMa)ha HOt at Rt AD TUE + dns 6.53) Top Uspl Age (8.54) where Ay Ayy Ae and Ag are given by Equations (8.276), (8.28), (8.29) respectively. (©) Repair cannot be done during adverse weather Equations (8.50)-(8.52) also a done during adverse weather given by Equations (8.34)-(8. ‘The outage times asso. se when repair cannot be thal Ay Ap Ae and Ag are ly. models are as follows: (Single down state model In this case, as in Section 8.6.5(i), the outage time of failures occurring in of adverse weather. the concepts of Ea \re+S) (8.55) N s tot alr (het nat gs Distibution systems—parallel and meshed networks 283.” where = hihte "etn ttah . and Ay, Avs Acs Ae are given by Equations (8.34)-(8.37) respectively. Thus Foe Upol ow (8.56) (Separate down state model In this case, the outage time for some of the failure modes must also be increased by the duration of adverse weather. Therefore Equations (8.39) 1 Syst fate ate (ye) Agfa Fig. 8.16 Effect of common mode failures.and adverse weather