You are on page 1of 7

[Reference Design 71]

2
170 kW, Tier 2, Chilled Water, 2670 ft

DESIGN OVERVIEW INTRODUCTION


The planning process of most projects can be iterative and thereby
Data Center IT Capacity
expensive. Data center projects are burdened with these challenges and can
170 kW
benefit greatly from simplification and time savings. Schneider Electric’s data
Adaptable from 50 kW to 510 kW
center reference designs help optimize the planning process by providing
validated, proven, and documented data center physical infrastructure plans.
Target Availability
The use of these designs has a positive impact on not just the project itself,
Tier 2 but also on the performance, reliability, and efficiency of the data center over
its lifetime.
Annualized PUE at 100% Load
1.55 in Miami, FL USA
1.36 in Montreal, Canada Reference Design 71 includes information for three areas: facility power,
1.44 in St. Louis, MO USA facility cooling, and the IT space. Combined together, they comprise the
integrated facility power, facility cooling and structural systems required to
meet the design’s specifications in this overview document.
Total Racks and Average Density
61 racks at 2.8 kW/rack

IT & Facility Floor Space


2
2670 ft

Regional Voltage and Frequency


480V, 60Hz

ABOUT THIS DESIGN

 Compact and highly-efficient


Galaxy VM UPS

 Air-cooled, packaged chiller


cooling architecture

 Energy savings through water-


side economizer during favorable
outdoor conditions

 Highly scalable and adaptable


[Reference Design 71] 2

Facility Power
The facility power system provides power to all of the critical and non-critical
components within the datacenter. It consists of a single power path with N+1
UPSs, backed up by N+1 generators, to achieve a Tier 2 redundant
architecture.
The facility power system has a QED-2 switchboard with an 800 amp main bus
that feeds both the IT space and facility cooling UPSs. Two 225kVA Galaxy VM
UPSs with an additional system bypass cabinet serve as the IT space UPS, and
provide highly-efficient critical power in double conversion, ECO and
ECOnversion modes with a small footprint. A 40 kVA Galaxy 5000 UPS supplies
DESIGN OPTIONS protected power to N+1 pumps. The main bus also feeds an I-Line facility
This reference design can be modified as cooling distribution panel, providing power to the chillers in the mechanical
follows without a significant effect on the space. The power distribution architecture from the electrical space to the IT
space utilizes a combination of LV panels and rack-based three phase power
design’s performance attributes:
distribution units (PDUs). The design can also support additional peripheral
devices like lighting, access control systems, and environmental monitoring and
 Add StruxureWare Power Monitoring
control devices.
Expert
Power meters in the electrical path integrate with (optional) StruxureWare Power
 Provision for load bank
Monitoring Expert to monitor power quality and allow for predictive maintenance
 Change UPS batteries
& diagnostics of the system.
(classic or modular batteries,
Short or long backup times) Every component in this design is built and tested to the applicable ANSI,
NEMA, UL or IEEE standards.
 Add/change standby generator options
(location, tank size, fuel type) Further design details and schematics are available in the engineering package.

FACILITY POWER BLOCK DIAGRAM


FACILITY POWER ATTRIBUTES

Utility A G G Name Value Unit


Total amps (main bus) 800 A
800A, 480V, 65kA
Input voltage (main bus) 480 V
40kVA UPS 225kVA 225kVA Switchboard kAIC 65 kA
CRAH
Galaxy UPS I/O UPS I/O SBC
5000 Galaxy VM Galaxy VM Power path Single

100A, 480V, 65kA 400A, 480V, 65kA Generator redundancy N+1


IT space UPS capacity 202/225 kW/kVA
3 PDU Feeds IT space UPS redundancy N+1
2 CHW
and reserved.
Pumps IT space UPS runtime @ rated load 5 minutes
3 CRAH Feeds
rightsreserved.

to IT Space
IT space UPS output voltage 480 V
400A, 480V, 65kA
Facility cooling UPS capacity 36/40 kW/kVA
Electric.AllAllrights

Facility cooling UPS redundancy N


2 Packaged Facility cooling UPS runtime @ rated load 5 minutes
SchneiderElectric.

Chillers HUM
2014Schneider
©©2014

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD71DS Revision 1
[Reference Design 71] 3

Facility Cooling
The facility cooling design is comprised of a chilled water cooling system in the
IT space, integrated with a single chilled water loop with N+1 pumps in the
mechanical space and N+1 packaged chiller outdoors. Altogether, they form a
Tier 2 redundant architecture.
The facility cooling contains two-232 kW air-cooled water chillers with a free-
cooling system. Economization is achieved with dry coolers integrated within the
chiller to save energy during favorable outdoor conditions. A thermal storage
system is offered as an option to provide 5 minutes of continuous cooling after a
power outage or chiller restart.
The piping architecture feeds room-based Uniflair chilled water CRAHs in the IT
DESIGN OPTIONS space. It also feeds room-based Uniflair CRAHs in the electrical space. More
information on the cooling configuration is provided in the IT space section of
This reference design can be modified as this document.
follows without a significant effect on the This design is instrumented to work with (optionanl) StruxureWare Cooling
design’s performance attributes: Monitoring Expert.
Further design details such as dimensions, equipment placement, temperature
 Add StruxureWare Cooling
set points, pipe sizing, flow rates, and pressure drops are available in the
Monitoring Expert
engineering package.

FACILITY COOLING ATTRIBUTES


FACILITY COOLING BLOCK DIAGRAM
Name Value Unit
Total cooling capacity 232 kW
IT Space
Input voltage 480 V
Heat rejection medium Chilled Water

Uniflair Uniflair
Mechanical redundancy N+1
CW CW
CW supply Air-Cooled,
Outdoor heat exchange
Packaged Chiller
CW return
Uniflair
CW Coolant supply temperature 59 F
Coolant return temperature 69 F
Storage tank size 500 gallons
Ride-through time 5 minutes

Economizer type Water-Side

Expansion © 2014 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.


tank
VFD Chilled
Water
Dirt/air Return
Chiller separator
232 kW VFD
System
bypass
Chemical dosing
pot
Chiller
232 kW Chilled
Water
Supply
Buffer Tank
(optional)

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD71DS Revision 1
[Reference Design 71] 4

IT Space
A single power distribution path from the electrical space powers the Tier 2 IT
space, consisting of 25 kW of critical cooling load and 170 kW of critical IT load,
fed by PDUs in an N configuration.
61 NetShelter racks of an average 2.8 kW per rack density are arranged in a
highly scalable and adaptable “pod” fashion. Smaller starting loads can be
supported by making adjustments such as reducing the number of IT pods or
decreasing the capacity of the UPS. Likewise, larger loads can be reached by
using a “step and repeat” approach with this design as the baseline. This
flexibility drives efficiency and defers capital expenditure until needed.
Each pod is powered by floor-mount modular PDUs. Each rack is configured
DESIGN OPTIONS with a metered rack-mount PDU to enable remote monitoring of the units for
This reference design can be modified as efficiency and capacity management.
follows without a significant effect on the Uniflair chilled water room-based CRAHs, in an N+1 configuration, control the
design’s performance attributes: removal of heat by monitoring the temperature in the room and the pressure in
the contained hot aisle.
 Add environmental and security
The security of the room is maintained at multiple points. At the rack level,
management
 Change rack options (tall, wide, access is controlled by a door lock and sensor. At the room level, security
deep) cameras are utilized for monitoring.
 Change power distribution options
(Rack PDU type: basic, switched)
 Add StruxureWare Data Center
Expert

IT SPACE BLOCK DIAGRAM

IT SPACE ATTRIBUTES
R
R/C-2/Z3
R
R/C-3/Z3
R
R/C-4/Z3
R
R/C-5/Z3
R
R/C-6/Z3
R
R/C-7/Z3
R
R/C-8/Z3
R
R/C-10/
Z3
R
R/C-10/
Z3
R
R/C-10/
Z3 Name Value Unit
IT load 170 kW
R R R R R R R R R P
Input voltage 480 V
C/A-1

R/C-10/ R/C-8/Z3 R/C-7/Z3 R/C-6/Z3 R/C-5/Z3 R/C-4/Z3 R/C-3/Z3 P/B-16/


C

R/C-2/Z3 R/C-10/
Z3 Z3 Z1

Supply voltage to IT 240 V


R R R R R R R R R R
R/F-6/Z5 R/D-10/
Z4
R/D-10/
Z4
R/D-8/Z4 R/D-7/Z4 R/D-6/Z4 R/D-5/Z4 R/D-4/Z4 R/D-3/Z4 R/D-3/Z4
Average density 2.8 kW/rack
Number of racks 61 racks
R R R R R R R R R P 2
R/F-6/Z5 R/D-3/Z4 R/D-4/Z4 R/D-5/Z4 R/D-6/Z4 R/D-7/Z4 R/D-8/Z4 R/D-10/ R/D-10/
Z4
P/B-16/
Z1
IT floor space 1790 ft
C/A-1

Z4
C

© 2014 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Single or dual cord Single


R R R R R R R R R R
R/C-2/Z3 R/C-3/Z3 R/C-4/Z3 R/C-5/Z3 R/C-6/Z3 R/C-7/Z3 R/C-8/Z3 R/C-10/
Z3
R/C-10/
Z3
R/C-10/
Z3
Heat rejection medium Chilled Water
CRAC/CRAH type Room-Based CRAH
R R R R R R R R R P
CRAC/CRAH redundancy N+1
R/C-10/ R/C-8/Z3 R/C-7/Z3 R/C-6/Z3 R/C-5/Z3 R/C-4/Z3 R/C-3/Z3 P/B-16/
R/C-2/Z3 R/C-10/
Z3 Z1
Z3
C/C-1

Containment type Hot-Aisle


C

R R R R
R/F-6/Z5 R/F-6/Z5 R/F-5/Z5 R/F-5/Z5

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD71DS Revision 1
[Reference Design 71] 5

Design Attributes
OVERVIEW Value Unit
Target availability Tier 2 Tier
Annualized PUE at 100% load 1.55 / 1.36 / 1.44
Data center IT capacity 170 kW
2
IT & facility floor space 2650 ft
Average density 2.8 kW/rack
FACILITY POWER Value Unit
Total amps (main bus) 800 A
Input voltage (main bus) 480 V
Switchboard kAIC 65 kA
Power path Single
Generator redundancy N+1
IT space UPS capacity 202/225 kW/kVA
IT space UPS redundancy N+1
IT space UPS runtime @ rated load 5 minutes
IT space UPS output voltage 480 V
Facility cooling UPS capacity 36/40 kW/kVA
Facility cooling UPS redundancy N
Facility cooling UPS runtime @ rated load 5 minutes
FACILITY COOLING Value Unit
Total cooling capacity 232 kW
Input voltage 480 V
Heat rejection medium Chilled Water
Mechanical redundancy N+1
Outdoor heat exchange Air-Cooled, Packaged Chiller
Coolant supply temperature 59 F
Coolant return temperature 69 F
Storage tank size 500 gallons
Ride-through time 5 minutes
Economizer type Water-Side
IT SPACE Value Unit
IT load 170 kW
Input voltage 480 V
Supply voltage to IT 240 V © 2014 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Average density 2.8 kW/rack


Number of racks 61 racks
2
IT floor space 1790 ft
Single or dual cord Single
Heat rejection medium Chilled Water
CRAC/CRAH type Room-Based CRAH
CRAC/CRAH redundancy N+1
Containment type Hot-Aisle

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD71DS Revision 1
[Reference Design 71] 6

Data Center Infrastructure


Management (DCIM) System
Good design and quality construction alone do not ensure a highly available &
efficient data center. DCIM provides on-going monitoring and control to ensure the
facility lives up to its design intent. StruxureWare for Data Centers is a software
management suite designed to collect and manage data about a data center’s
assets, resource use, and operational status throughout the life cycle of the facility.
This information is then distributed, integrated, and applied in ways that help
managers optimize the data center’s performance and meet IT, business, and
service-oriented goals. From IT assets to racks, rows, rooms and buildings,
StruxureWare for Data Centers delivers the right information to the right users at the
right time.

Control level: Experts, on site or remotely, can control process performance and
ensure business continuity in real time, while tracking energy consumption in a highly
critical and secure environment.

Operations level: Functional managers can optimize operations, energy, and assets
through smart analytical tools, often spanning multiple sites.

Enterprise level: C-level executives can drive their sustainability strategy efficiently,
choosing the best scenario that meets their business objective to conserve
enterprise-wide resources.

StruxureWare for Data Centers allows for flexibility when requirements and
implementation strategies change over time. StruxureWare software applications
and suites simplify integration time, improve reliability, enhance visibility to energy
information, and streamline operational efficiency.

>
© 2014 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Demo:
Visit www.apc.com/software to learn more about StruxureWare for Data Centers!

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD71DS Revision 1
[Reference Design 71] 7

Schneider Electric Life-Cycle Services


Team of over 7,000 trained specialists covering
every phase and system in the data center

Standardized, documented, and validated


methodology leveraging automation tools and
repeatable processes developed over 45 years

Complete portfolio of services to solve your


technical or business challenge, simplify your
life, and reduce costs

Get more information for this design:

Engineering Package

Every reference design is built with technical documentation


for engineers and project managers. This includes
Floor layouts engineering schematics (CAD, PDF), floor layouts,
equipment lists containing all the components used in the
3D spatial views design and 3D images showing real world illustrations of our
reference designs.

Documentation is available in multiple formats to suit the


needs of both engineers and managers working on data
center projects.
© 2014 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Bill of materials

One-line schematics

> Click here to register to receive the Engineering Package for this design, or email
ReferenceDesigns@Schneider-Electric.com.

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD71DS Revision 1