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[Reference Design 3]

2
175 kW, Tier 3, Chilled Water, 3313 ft

DESIGN OVERVIEW INTRODUCTION


The planning process of most projects can be iterative and thereby
Data Center IT Capacity
expensive. Data center projects are burdened with these challenges and can
175 kW
benefit greatly from simplification and time savings. Schneider Elect ric’s data
Adaptable from 50 kW to 525 kW
center reference designs help customers optimize the planning process by
providing them with validated, proven, and documented data center physical
Target Availability
infrastructure designs. The use of these designs has a positive impact on not
Tier 3 just the project itself, but also on the performance, reliability, and efficiency of
the data center over its lifetime.
Annualized PUE at 100% Load
1.95 in Miami, FL USA
1.66 in Montreal, Canada Reference Design 3 includes design information for three spaces: IT space,
1.78 in St. Louis, MO USA facility power, and facility cooling. Combined together, they comprise the
integrated power, cooling and structural systems required to meet the
design’s specifications published in this overview document.
Total Racks and Average Density
76 racks at 2.3 kW/rack

IT & Facility Floor Space


2
3313 ft

Regional Voltage and Frequency


480V, 60Hz

ABOUT THIS DESIGN

 Air-cooled, packaged chiller


cooling architecture

 Energy savings through water-


side economizer during favorable
outdoor conditions

 Highly redundant design for


increased availability and
concurrent maintenance

 Highly scalable and adaptable


[Reference Design 3] 2

Facility Power
The facility power system supplies power to all of the critical and non-critical
components within the data center. The architecture used in this electrical
design is a dual path with 2N UPS and N+1 generators. Switching between
generator power and utility is achieved using a programmable logic controller
(PLC). A 1600 amp bus feeds QED-2 electrical and mechanical switchboards.
In the electrical room, UPSs are configured down-stream of the switchboards.
Four Galaxy 5000 units configured to 2N redundancy provide 234 kW of critical
power to the IT room with 8 minutes of runtime. Valve regulated lead acid
(VRLA) batteries are housed in an isolated battery room. Two Galaxy 5000
UPS units configured to 2N redundancy provide 36 kW of power to the pumps in
DESIGN OPTIONS
the facility cooling system. Additional low-voltage transformers are included in
This reference design can be modified as
the design to support lighting and other building loads. The power distribution
follows without a significant effect on the architecture from the electrical room to the IT space utilizes a combination of LV
design’s performance attributes: panels and InfraStruxure power distribution units (PDUs). The facility power
system is designed to support additional peripheral devices like fire panels,
 Add StruxureWare Power Monitoring access control systems, and environmental monitoring and control devices.
Expert Power meters in the electrical path monitor power quality and allow for
 Provision for load bank predictive maintenance & diagnostics of the system. These meters also
 Change UPS batteries integrate with StruxureWare Power Monitoring Expert.
 Add/change standby generator options: Every component in this design is built and tested to the applicable ANSI,
 Location NEMA, UL or IEEE standards.
 Tank size Further design details and schematics are available in the engineering package.
 Fuel type

FACILITY POWER BLOCK DIAGRAM


FACILITY POWER ATTRIBUTES

Name Value Unit


Utility AC

G G
Total amps (main bus) 1600 A
1600A, 480V, 65kA
Input voltage (main bus) 480 V
LOAD
BANK
Switchboard kAIC 65 kA
1600A, 480V, 65kA 1600A, 480V, 65kA

Power path Dual


117kW 117kW 117kW 117kW

36 kW
Galaxy
5000
SSW Galaxy
5000
SSW

36 kW
Galaxy
5000
SSW Galaxy
5000
SSW
Generator redundancy N+1
Galaxy SSW Galaxy SSW
5000
100A,
800A, 480V, 65kA 5000
100A,
800A, 480V, 65kA
IT space UPS capacity 234 kW
480V, 480V,
65kA 65kA
IT space UPS redundancy 2N
© 2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.
4x PDU and 3x
4x PDU and 3x
IT space UPS runtime @ rated load 8 minutes
2x CHW Pumps 2x CHW Pumps CRAH Feeds to
CRAH Feeds to
IT Space
IT Space
IT space UPS output voltage 480 V
500A, 480V, 65kA 500A, 480V, 65kA

Facility cooling UPS capacity 36 kW


Packaged
Chiller
CRAH Humidifier
Packaged
Chiller
CRAH Facility cooling UPS redundancy 2N

Facility cooling UPS runtime @ rated load 9 minutes

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD03DS Revision 2
[Reference Design 3] 3

Facility Cooling
The mechanical design utilizes chilled water as the primary medium for heat
dissipation. The architecture consists of dual chilled water loops. The cooling
system contains two 271 kW air-cooled, packaged chillers in a 2N redundant
configuration. Economization is achieved with a dry cooler to save energy
during favorable outdoor conditions.
In order to extend availability of chilled water during a power outage, redundant
3500 gallon water storage tanks provide 12 minutes of continuous cooling.
The piping architecture of the mechanical system feeds room-based Uniflair
Chilled Water CRAHs in the IT space. It also feeds room-based CRAHs in the
electrical and battery rooms. More information on the cooling configuration is
provided in the IT space section of this document.
DESIGN OPTIONS This design is instrumented to work with StruxureWare Cooling Monitoring
Expert.
This reference design can be modified as
Further design details such as dimensions, equipment placement, temperature
follows without a significant effect on the
set points, pipe sizing, flow rates, and pressure drops are available in the
design’s performance attributes:
engineering package.
 Add StruxureWare Cooling
Monitoring Expert

FACILITY COOLING ATTRIBUTES


FACILITY COOLING BLOCK DIAGRAM
Name Value Unit
Total cooling capacity 271 kW
Packaged
Chiller

Input voltage 480 V


Thermal Storage Heat rejection medium Chilled water
CW supply
to IT space
Mechanical redundancy 2N
VFD
Dirt/air
System Air-cooled,
Strainers bypass Outdoor heat exchange
separator
CW return
packaged chiller
from IT space
VFD Coolant supply temperature 46 F
Coolant return temperature 56 F
Storage tank size 3500 gallons
Water
Economizer Ride-through time 12 minutes
Expansion
tank
Economizer type Water-side
City Water
Packaged
Chiller

© 2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Piping detail inside IT space


Thermal Storage

CW supply
to IT space

VFD System
Dirt/air Strainers bypass
Uniflair
CW

separator
CW return
CW supply
from IT space
VFD CW return
Uniflair
CW
Uniflair

CW supply
CW

Water CW return
Economizer

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD03DS Revision 2
[Reference Design 3] 4

IT Space
The IT capacity of this design is 175 kW. The design is highly scalable and
adaptable; it can be configured to support IT loads within a range. Smaller
starting loads as low as 50 kW can be supported by making adjustments such
as reducing the number of IT pods or decreasing the capacity of the UPSs.
Likewise, this design can be used as a baseline for larger loads as high as 525
kW by using a step and repeat approach to the design. This flexibility drives
efficiency and defers capital expenditure until needed.
The IT space design specifies all of the physical infrastructure systems, as well
as their physical arrangement/spacing, required to meet the overall design’s
performance attributes. This includes racks, PDUs, rack power distribution,
DESIGN OPTIONS cooling units, and airflow management systems.
This reference design can be modified as Each pair of rows (pod) within the IT space can be “stepped and repeated” in a
follows without a significant effect on the standardized and predictable manner. This enables right-sizing of power and
design’s performance attributes: cooling that scales with IT growth. Each pod supports an average power
density of 2.3 kW per rack. All the pods are outfitted with integrated power
 Add environmental and security distribution.
management Each pod is powered by floor mount factory-configured power distribution units
 Change rack options (tall, (PDUs). Every rack is configured with a metered rack-mount PDU to enable
wide, deep)
remote monitoring of the units for efficiency and capacity management.
 Change power distribution options
 Rack PDU type (basic, The space is cooled by N+1 redundant Uniflair Chilled Water CRAHs that
switched) control the supply of cool air by monitoring the temperature in the space.
 Add StruxureWare Data Center
The security of the room is maintained at multiple points. At the rack level,
Expert
access is controlled by a door lock and sensor. At the room level, security
cameras are utilized for monitoring.

IT ROOM ATTRIBUTES

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R P
Name Value Unit
R/A-2/Z1 R/A-3/Z1 R/A-4/Z1 R/A-5/Z1 R/A-6/Z1 R/A-7/Z1 R/A-8/Z1 R/A-11/Z1 R/A-12/Z1 R/A-13/Z1 R/A-14/Z1 R/A-15/Z1 R/A-16/Z1 R/A-17/Z1 P/A-20/Z1

IT load 175 kW
C/A-1
C

Input voltage 480 V


R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
R/B-2/Z2 R/B-3/Z2 R/B-4/Z2 R/B-5/Z2 R/B-6/Z2 R/B-7/Z2 R/B-8/Z2 R/B-11/Z2 R/B-12/Z2 R/B-13/Z2 R/B-14/Z2 R/B-15/Z2 R/B-16/Z2 R/B-17/Z2 P
P/C-20/Z1

Supply voltage to IT 120 / 208 V


Average density 2.3 kW/rack
R
R/C-2/Z3
R
R/C-3/Z3
R
R/C-4/Z3
R
R/C-5/Z3
R
R/C-6/Z3
R
R/C-7/Z3
R
R/C-8/Z3
R
R/C-11/Z3
R
R/C-12/Z3
R
R/C-13/Z3
R
R/C-14/Z3
R
R/C-15/Z3
R
R/C-16/Z3
R
R/C-17/Z3
P
P/A-20/Z1 Number of racks 76 racks
2
IT floor space 1863 ft © 2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.
C/C-1
C

R
R/D-2/Z4
R
R/D-3/Z4
R
R/D-4/Z4
R
R/D-5/Z4
R
R/D-6/Z4
R
R/D-7/Z4
R
R/D-8/Z4
R
R/D-11/Z4
R
R/D-12/Z4
R
R/D-13/Z4
R
R/D-14/Z4
R
R/D-15/Z4
R
R/D-16/Z4
R
R/D-17/Z4 P
P/C-20/Z1
Single or dual cord Dual
Heat rejection medium Chilled water

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R P
CRAC/CRAH type Room-based CRAH
R/E-2/Z6 R/E-3/Z6 R/E-4/Z6 R/E-5/Z6 R/E-6/Z6 R/E-7/Z6 R/E-8/Z6 R/E-11/Z6 R/E-12/Z6 R/E-13/Z6 R/E-14/Z6 R/E-15/Z6 R/E-16/Z6 R/E-17/Z6 P/A-20/Z1

CRAC/CRAH redundancy N+1


C/E-1
C

R R R R R R Containment type None


R/F-2/Z5 R/F-3/Z5 R/F-4/Z5 R/F-5/Z5 R/F-6/Z5 R/F-7/Z5 P
P/C-20/Z1

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD03DS Revision 2
[Reference Design 3] 5

Design Attributes
OVERVIEW Value Unit
Target availability Tier 3 Tier
Annualized PUE at 100% load 1.95 / 1.66 / 1.78
Data center IT capacity 175 kW
2
IT & facility floor space 3313 ft
Average density 2.3 kW/rack
FACILITY POWER Value Unit
Total amps (main bus) 1600 A
Input voltage (main bus) 480 V
Switchboard kAIC 65 kA
Power path Dual
Generator redundancy N+1
IT space UPS capacity 234 kW
IT space UPS redundancy 2N
IT space UPS runtime @ rated load 8 minutes
IT space UPS output voltage 480 V
Facility cooling UPS capacity 36 kW
Facility cooling UPS redundancy 2N
Facility cooling UPS runtime @ rated load 9 minutes
FACILITY COOLING Value Unit
Total cooling capacity 271 kW
Input voltage 480 V
Heat rejection medium Chilled water
Mechanical redundancy 2N
Outdoor heat exchange Air-cooled, packaged chiller
Coolant supply temperature 46 F
Coolant return temperature 56 F
Storage tank size 3500 gallons
Ride-through time 12 minutes
Economizer type Water-side
IT SPACE Value Unit
IT load 175 kW
Input voltage 480 V
Supply voltage to IT 120 / 208 V © 2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Average density 2.3 kW/rack


Number of racks 76 Racks
2
IT floor space 1863 ft
Single or dual cord Dual
Heat rejection medium Chilled water
CRAC/CRAH type Room-based CRAH
CRAC/CRAH redundancy N+1
Containment type None

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD03DS Revision 2
[Reference Design 3] 6

Data center infrastructure management (DCIM)

Good design and quality construction alone do not ensure a highly available &
efficient data center. Data centers require on-going monitoring and management to
ensure the facility lives up to its design intent. StruxureWare for Data Centers is a
software management suite designed to collect and manage data about a data
center’s assets, resource use, and operational status throughout the life cycle of the
facility. This information is then distributed, integrated, and applied in ways that help
managers optimize the data center’s performance and meet IT, business, and
service-oriented goals. From IT assets to racks, rows, rooms and buildings,
StruxureWare for Data Centers delivers the right information to the right users at the
right time.

Control level: Experts, on site or remotely, can control process performance and
ensure business continuity in real time, while tracking energy consumption in a highly
critical and secure environment.

Operations level: Functional managers can optimize operations, energy, and assets
through smart analytical tools, often spanning multiple sites.

Enterprise level: C-level executives can drive their sustainability strategy efficiently,
choosing the best scenario that meets their business objective to conserve
enterprise-wide resources.

StruxureWare for Data Centers allows for flexibility when requirements and
implementation strategies change over time. StruxureWare software applications
and suites simplify integration time, improve reliability, enhance visibility to energy
information, and streamline operational efficiency.

>
© 2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Demo:
Visit www.apc.com/software to learn more about StruxureWare for Data Centers!

Schneider Electric www.schneider-electric.com


Document Number RD03DS Revision 2
[Reference Design 3] 7

Get more information for this design:


Engineering Package

Every reference design is built with technical documentation


for engineers and project managers. This includes
engineering schematics (CAD, PDF), floor layouts,
equipment lists containing all the components used in the
design and 3D images showing real world illustrations of our
Floor layouts
reference designs.
3D spatial views
Documentation is available in multiple formats to suit the
needs of both engineers and managers working on data
center projects.

Bill of materials

One-line schematics

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© 2013 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

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repeatable processes developed over 45 years

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Document Number RD03DS Revision 2