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Original Title: GCV405-RCII-Chapter 8 -Shear Friction (V14)

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Shear Friction

(Ref.2 ch.16)

Subjects:

members or parts of members that can slip relative to one

another.

Among other cases, this includes the interface between a

beam and a slab cast later than the beam, but expected to

act in a composite manner. 2

1

8.1 Shear Friction

The shear-carrying mechanism is known variously as

a. aggregate interlock,

b. interface shear transfer, or

c. shear friction. (this chapter)

plane or slip plane.

proposed in the literature:

2. Cohesion plus friction models, and

3. Horizontal shear models as occur in composite beams. 3

Shear friction models: ACI318-11 - Sect 11.6 ACI318.14 22.9

v: the ratio of the area of the transverse reinforcement across the

shear plane to the area of the shear Plane.

in terms of stresses

4

: appropriate value of the coefficient of friction given in ACI Code Section

11.6.4.3 ACI318.14 22.9.4.2

2

8.1 Shear Friction

Shear friction models: ACI318-11 - Sect 11.6 ACI318.14 22.9

- Permanent Compression Force, perpendicular to the slip plane,

causes a normal stress on the slip plane in the concrete. If is

compressive, the normal stress adds to the compressive stress on the

concrete due to the reinforcement.

equilibrated by tensile reinforcement provided in addition to the

shear-friction reinforcement.

Shear friction models: Inclined Shear-Friction Reinforcement

3

8.1 Shear Friction

Other Factors Affecting Shear Transfer:

1. Lightweight concrete: the resistance to slip along the shear

plane is smaller for lightweight-concrete specimens than for

normal-weight concrete specimens. This effect has been

accounted for by multiplying the coefficient of friction, , by

the correction factor for lightweight concrete, given in

3ACI318.14 22.9.4.2

2. Coefficients of

Friction:

Design Rules in The ACI Code:

Where Ac is the area of the concrete section

resisting shear transfer

(normal concrete) 8

4

8.1 Shear Friction

Cohesion-plus-Friction Model:

Example 16-1 - Ref[2]

10

5

8.1 Shear Friction

8.1 Shear Friction

12

11

6

8.1 Shear Friction

13

Computation of Horizontal Shear Stress:

14

7

8.2 Composite Concrete Beam

Computation of Horizontal Shear Stress:

Frequently, assuming that the slab and beam act as a monolithic unit

beam.

15

Shored or Unshored Construction:

ACI 17.2 ACI318.14 22.3.3.2 & 22.5.4.2 allow shored or unshored:

considered as shoring for additional loads

2. Shored precast beam is shored and supported by shoring

formwork system to carry out the total loads.

beam is the same whether the member was shored or unshored

16

during construction

8

8.2 Composite Concrete Beam

Horizontal Shear:

ACI 17.5 ACI318.14 16.4.4

17

Horizontal Shear:

ACI 17.5 ACI318.14 16.4.4

Computation of Horizontal Shear Stress:

18

9

8.2 Composite Concrete Beam

Horizontal Shear:

Tie for Horizontal Shear: ACI 17.5 ACI318.14 16.4.4(Minimum required)

The tie spacing shall not exceed four times the least dimension of the

supported element, which is usually the thickness of the slab, but not

more than 24 in. The ties must be fully anchored both in the beam

stem and in the slab.

19

Important Chapter

Chapter 9 – [Ref 2 - ch17]

Discontinuity Regions &

Strut-and-Tie

Models

Walls &

Shear Walls

Design 20

10

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