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WÄRTSILÄ ENGINE PRODUCTS

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Engine Products

• In general we distinguish:
– 2-stroke engines
– 4-stroke engines

• Engines categorised by the fuel type used for the


engines:
– Oil fired engines
– Gas fired engines
– Dual fuel engines that can handle both oil and gas.

• Engines categorised by the purpose of an engine:


– to drive a propulsion
– to drive a generator
– to power other devices such as a pump.

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2-STROKE ENGINES

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2-stroke engines

• The current low-speed engine portfolio comprises the


Wärtsilä RTA and RT-flex engine types which cover a
power range from 5100 kW to 80,080 kW.

• Wärtsilä RTA-series engines:


– Traditional camshaft-controlled low-speed diesel
engine
• Wärtsilä RT-flex engines:
– Based on the RTA-series but have electronically-
controlled common-rail systems for fuel injection and
valve actuation.

• These engines are marketed world-wide for application


in the propulsion of all types of deep-sea ships.

• Low-speed engines are developed, designed, marketed


and serviced by Wärtsilä.

• The engines are manufactured by specialised engine


manufacturing companies under licence from Wärtsilä
Switzerland.

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4-STROKE ENGINE PRODUCT NAMES

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Engine Product Names: Configuration

e.g. Wärtsilä 18V32DF


• Wärtsilä = Brand
• 18V = Cylinder configuration: V-engine = V, in-line engine = L
• 32 = Engine group
• DF = Technology (if in use)

e.g. Wärtsilä Auxpac 975W6L20.


• Auxpac engines are identified with powered output (electrical),

• Engine groups
• 20, 26, 32, 34, 38, 46, 46F, 50, 64

• Technology
• DF = Dual Fuel
• GD = Gas Diesel
• SG = Spark-ignited Gas

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4-STROKE ENGINES

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Wärtsilä 20

Main data
• Cylinder bore ..................................200 mm
• Piston stroke...................................280 mm
• Cylinder output .................. 180, 200 kW/cyl
• Speed ...........................................1000 rpm
• Mean effective pressure ........ 24.6, 28.0 bar
• Piston speed.................................... 9.3 m/s

• Options: Common rail fuel injection,


humidification of combustion air for NOX
reduction.

Cylinder configurations
• 4L20
• 6L20
• 8L20
• 9L20

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Wärtsilä 32

Main data
• Cylinder bore ..................................320 mm
• Piston stroke...................................400 mm
• Cylinder output .......................... 500 kW/cyl
• Speed .............................................750 rpm
• Mean effective pressure .................24.9 bar
• Piston speed.................................. 10.0 m/s

Cylinder configurations
• 6L32
• 8L32
• 9L32
• 12V32
• 16V32
• 18V32
• 20V32

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Wärtsilä 46

Main data
• Cylinder bore ..................................460 mm
• Piston stroke...................................580 mm
• Cylinder output ................ 975, 1050 kW/cyl
• Speed .....................................500, 514 rpm
• Mean effective pressure ........ 23.6–28.8 bar
• Piston speed............................. 9.7, 9.9 m/s

• Options: Common rail fuel injection,


humidification of combustion air for NOX
reduction, crude oil.

Cylinder configurations
• 6L46
• 8L46
• 9L46
• 12V46
• 16V46
• 18V46

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Wärtsilä 46F

Main Data
• Cylinder bore ..................................460 mm
• Piston stroke...................................580 mm
• Cylinder output ........................ 1250 kW/cyl
• Speed .............................................600 rpm
• Mean effective pressure .................25.9 bar
• Piston speed.................................. 11.6 m/s

• Options: Twin plunger injection pumps,


humidification of combustion air for NOX
reduction, variable inlet valve closure.

Cylinder configurations
• 6L46F
• 8L46F
• 12V46F
• 20V46F

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COMMON RAIL SYSTEM

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Common Rail System advantages

• Smokeless operation at all loads and speeds.


• Smokeless start of the engine.
• Improved total fuel economy.
• Flexibility for different fuels without hardware modifications (heavy fuel,
diesel oil, gas turbine fuel, water-fuel emulsion).

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Conventional vs. common rail injection

Conventional injection Common rail injection


system Electronic/hydraulic
Mechanical/hydraulic control of injection
control of injection

Fuel pressure
produced each time
by the injection pump

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Wärtsilä Common Rail design

1) Injector

2) Accumulator

3) HP-pump
4) Shielded HP-pipes
5) Drive cam

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DUAL-FUEL ENGINES

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Wärtsilä 34 DF

Main data
• Cylinder bore .................................340 mm
• Piston stroke...................................400 mm
• Cylinder output .................. 435, 450 kW/cyl
• Speed .....................................720, 750 rpm
• Mean effective pressure ........ 20.0, 19.8 bar
• Piston speed........................... 9.6, 10.0 m/s

Cylinder configurations
• 6L34DF
• 9L34DF
• 12V34DF
• 16V34DF

17 © Wärtsilä 17 March 2010 Engine products / WLSA

Wärtsilä 50 DF

Main data
• Cylinder bore ..................................500 mm
• Piston stroke...................................580 mm
• Cylinder output .......................... 950 kW/cyl
• Speed ....................................500, 514 rpm
• Mean effective pressure ........ 20.0, 19.5 bar
• Piston speed............................. 9.7, 9.9 m/s

Cylinder configurations
• 6L50DF
• 8L50DF
• 9L50DF
• 12V50DF
• 16V50DF
• 18V50DF

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Dual Fuel Engines - Operating principle

Ex. In. Ex. In. Ex. In.


Gas mode:
*
Otto principle * **
* ** * *** ****
Low-pressure gas * **** * *
*
admission
Pilot diesel injection
Intake of Compression of Ignition by
air and gas air and gas pilot diesel fuel

The gas is mixed with air before the intake valves.


After the compression phase, the gas-air mixture is ignited by a small
amount of liquid pilot fuel.

19 © Wärtsilä 17 March 2010 Engine products / WLSA

Dual Fuel Engines – Operating principle

Ex. In. Ex. In. Ex. In.


Diesel mode:
Diesel principle
Diesel injection
Back-up fuel system
Intake of Compression of Injection of
air air diesel fuel

• This is a normal diesel process with camshaft-operated liquid fuel pumps


running in parallel with the process and working as a stand-by.
• The engine can be switched automatically from fuel oil to gas operation at loads
below 80 % of the full load.

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Wärtsilä 32 GD

Main data
• Cylinder bore………………………320 mm
• Piston stroke……………………….350 mm
• Rated speed ………………….750/720 rpm
• Mean piston speed……………8.75/8.4 m/s
• BMEP………………………….21.3/24.0 bar
• Cylinder output………………………375 kW

Cylinder configurations
• 12V32GD
• 16V32GD
• 18V32GD

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Gas-diesel engines – operating principle

Gas mode:
• The gas is injected at high pressure after the pilot
fuel and is ignited by the flame from the pilot fuel
injection.

Liquid Fuel mode:


• The gas-diesel engine can be switched over
instantly to operation.
• The liquid fuel can be light fuel oil, heavy fuel oil
or crude oil.
• The process is the same as the conventional
diesel process.

Fuel Sharing mode:


• The ratio between liquid and gas fuel amounts
can be controlled and varied during operation.
• The operating window is 35 to 90% load and the
gas/liquid fuel ratio can vary from 80/20 to 15/85.

• The gas-diesel process can tolerate big variations


in the gas quality and is especially suitable for
“non-pipeline quality gas”, such as associated gas
in oil fields.

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WÄRTSILÄ GAS ENGINES

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Wärtsilä 34SG

Main data
• Cylinder bore………………………… 340 mm
• Piston stroke…………………………. 400 mm
• Speed………………………….. 720 / 750 rpm
• Mean effective pressure…….. 20.0 / 19.8 bar
• Piston speed……………………... 9.6 / 10 m/s

Cylinder configurations
• 9L34SG
• 16V34SG
• 20V34SG

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SG engines – operating principle

• The SG engines are spark-ignited lean-


burn engines.
• The gas is mixed with air before the inlet
valves.
• The gas is also fed into a small
prechamber, where the gas mixture is rich
compared to the gas in the cylinder.
• The gas-air mixture in the prechamber is
ignited by a spark plug.
• The flames from the nozzle of the
prechamber ignite the gas-air mixture in
the whole cylinder.

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The lean-burn concept

• In a lean-burn gas engine, the


mixture of air and gas in the cylinder
is lean, i.e. more air is present in the
cylinder than is needed for complete
combustion.
• With leaner combustion, the peak
temperature is reduced and less
NOX is produced.
• Higher output can be reached while
avoiding knocking and the efficiency
is increased as well, although a too
lean mixture will cause misfiring

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NON-PORTFOLIO ENGINES

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Non-Portfolio Engines

• Engines that are no longer part of the official Wärtsilä product portfolio (in active production),
are called non-portfolio engines.

• Bolnes
• Crepelle engines
• Deutz marine engines
• Nohab
• Stork engines
• Sulzer A/S
• UD 25 engines
• UD 30 engines
• UD 33 engines
• UD 45 engines
• W 200 engines
• Wärtsilä 32DF
• Wärtsilä 32GD
• Wärtsilä 38A
• Wärtsilä Vasa 32

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