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REMEDY OF CORRODED

AREA OF GAS PIPELINE


IN SERVICE
A BRIEF STUDY OF EPOXY APPLICATION AND SLEEVE OVER
THE DAMAGED AREA

Supervised & reviewed by: Shoaib Khan (DCE-Maintenance)


Input By: Muhammad Qamar Khan (S.E.-welding) & Faizan Arshad (Engineer-Trainee-Maintenance)
Date: 04 Jan 2019
Abstract

 The oil and gas industry uses carbon steel


pipelines as the basic element in
transporting crude oil and gas.

These pipelines are subjected to deterioration


due to several factors, including

 Third party damage, material and


construction defects,
 Natural forces
 Corrosion.
 Deterioration of underground pipelines due
to corrosion can lead to serious pipeline
failures such as leakage and explosion.
Hence, methods to repair such damages
have been developed in order to extend the
durability of pipelines.

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Div
erg
ence from conventional pipeline repairing methods, opens new
avenue of ensemble treatment of corroded pipe section with
‘epoxy & Sleeve’, firstly epoxy will serve as the medium to build
up gouges and pitting and provide a smooth surface, and over
it steel sleeve impart extra support i.e. Hold the infill epoxies in
pitting holes and faced the internal pressure of pipeline. ▼

NOTE:

In SSGCL such corrosion damages were firstly buildup by bitumen &


tar coating than reinforced by (steel-clad) sleeves of same types of
pipelines material have same or more or less equivalent physical
and chemical specifications(‘sleeves’ using as a jargon in gas
pipelines)

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Introduction
Natural resources like oil, gas, and minerals need to
be transported over long distances across the globe.
Transmission pipelines mainly carbon alloy steel are;
 Safest.
 Affordable
 Environmentally friendly
 Highly durable
 High strength

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 Most Efficient.
 Wide Range of pressure.
 Transporting wide range of pressurized fluids from
one place to another.
 Easy to modifications and expansions
 Almost same infrastructure covered various
topographical changes.

These pipelines suffer by variety of damage scenarios.


*Corrosion, *Buckling,
*Leaks, *Crack,
*Rupture, *Wearing,
*Dent,

The most common damage scenarios in the oil and


gas industry are due to internal and external corrosion
of the pipelines.
These corrosions have various adverse effects in
terms of reduced pressure bearing capability, life span,
and can even lead to the loss of structural integrity
resulting in failure.

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In order to increase serviceability of these corroded
pipelines, repair and rehabilitation are the primary
interest of the oil and gas industries.

Traditionally, the widely acceptable repair solution is to


replace the entire pipe or a damaged portion with a
new one or by reinforcing it with an external steel
sleeve using welding/clamping Steel sleeve repair
methodology although used everywhere but has
inherent limitations and disadvantages like plant shut-
down, cumbersome installation process, and risk of fire
and explosion due to the cutting and welding which

gradually paved the way for using an alternative repair


technique free from these defects.

Recently, “Ceramic Steel Reinforced Polymer (CSRP)”


and fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-based repair
systems are found to be a promising candidate for
rehabilitation of corroded steel pipeline structures
because of its high strength to weight ratio, stiffness,
and inherent property to inhibit corrosion in these
systems, a damaged pipe portion is reinforced by
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wrapping with composite materials, such as
glass/epoxy or carbon/epoxy around the pipes. They
have many advantages over traditional steel sleeve
repair system, but still, it is cheaper and economical to
use.

Epoxy Filled Sleeve Repairs

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In case of material loss either by corrosion or gouging,
epoxy or putty is used to ensure a smooth bed for the
composite layer.

The grout is to provide a continuous support by the


introduced infill layer that can minimize the radial
deformation and transfer the load from pipe to the
outer shell.
The load, e.g. internal pressure carried by pipe at the
repaired segment will be conveyed and shared by
outer composite sleeve through infill material.
The composite is the primary load carrying component
in the repair segment while infill material serves as
important bridge to provide a smooth load transfer.

Fig: 01 Fig:02

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In case of material loss either by corrosion or gouging,
epoxy or putty is used to ensure a smooth bed for the
composite layer.

The grout is to provide a continuous support by the


introduced infill layer that can minimize the radial
deformation and transfer the load from pipe to the
outer shell. The load, e.g. internal pressure carried by
pipe at the repaired segment will be conveyed and
shared by outer composite sleeve through infill
material.
The composite is the primary load carrying component
in the repair segment while infill material serves as
important bridge to provide a smooth load transfer.

Figure2 shows a simplify illustration of the load transfer


in the system.
Figure 2: Load transfer mechanism

Glossary
fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)

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