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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

Philippine Copyright 2019


by the Author
and the
College of Engineering
Polytechnic University of the Philippines

All rights reserved. Portions of this manuscript may be reproduced with proper
referencing and due acknowledgement of the author.

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

EFFECTS OF LED TO PLANTS

Polytechnic University of the Philippines


College of Engineering

BIÑAS, MARVIC V.
EVANGELISTA, JOHN KENO E.
TING, EARL JERIC D.
TRIA, JEZRELLE ABBIE V.

2019

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

EFFECTS OF LED TO PLANTS

A Thesis
Presented to the Faculty of the College of Engineering
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Sta. Mesa, Manila

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree


Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

By

Biñas, Marvic V.
Evangelista, John Keno E.
Ting, Earl Jeric D.
Tria, Jezrelle Abbie V.

January 2019

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

CERTIFICATION
This thesis/dissertation, EFFECTS OF LED TO PLANTS, prepared and
submitted by BIÑAS, EVANGELISTA, TING, and TRIA in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree, ELEN 4231 has been examined and recommended for Oral
Examination.

Evaluation Committee

ENGR. FAUSTINO RURAL


Adviser

NAME OF EVALUATOR NAME OF EVALUATOR


Member Member

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
APPROVAL
Approved by the Panel on Oral Examination on January 2 , 2019 with the grade of____.

ENGR. VILMA C. PEREZ


Chair

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

CERTIFICATION OF ORIGINALITY

.This is to certify that the research work presented in this thesis/ dissertation,
EFFECTS OF LED for the degree Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering at the
Polytechnic University of the Philippines embodies the result of original and scholarly
work carried out by the undersigned. This dissertation does not contain words or ideas
taken from published sources or written works that have been accepted as basis for the
award of a degree from any other higher education institution, except where proper
referencing and acknowledgement where made.

BIÑAS, MARVIC V.
Researcher
2 January 2019

EVANGELISTA, JOHN KENO E.


Researcher
2 January 2019

TING, EARL JERIC D.


Researcher
2 January 2019

TRIA, JEZRELLE ABBIE V.


Researcher
2 January 2019

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

ABSTRACT

Title : Effects of LED to Plants

Researchers : Biñas, Marvic V.

Evangelista, John Keno E.

Ting, Earl Jeric D.

Tria, Jezrelle Abbie V.

Degree : Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

Institution : Polytechnic University of the Philippines

Year : 2019

Adviser : Engr. Faustino Rural

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

LIST OF TABLES

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

LIST OF FIGURES

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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

Chapter I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING

Introduction

Philippines is predominantly an agricultural country. Our agricultural products are


topnotch from staple rice to different vegetables. However that position is now being
threatened due to conversion of agricultural lands into commercial and residential areas.
If left unchecked, these factors could make it a necessity to find an alternative in growing
crops in increasing limitation of spaces.
With our agricultural lands shrinking and our forests being preserved making it
unable to create more farmlands, our farmers are now being forced to maximize the
amount of area under cultivation to generate the needed yield. As the space available for
cultivation continues to decrease, it is a pressing concern to all of us to find another way
in which we could keep our agricultural production in par with population growth.
One of the ways being studied is the application of artificial lighting in confined
places to induce the growth of the plant sample. The effects of fluorescent are now
under investigation with promising results. With the invention of LED the use of artificial
lighting could now be made with less cost and energy consumption. In different studies
conducted, blue light supplemented with green light could greatly enhance the growth of
plants being subjected.
It is a universal knowledge that plants needed sunlight in order to grow. Plants have a
photoreceptor that receives sunlight thus catalyzing the internal processes that results to
production of edible plants. But with the introduction of LED to the world, it is now
possible to use a cheaper, not-space consuming artificial light source in applying the
desired amount of light to imitate the sun in its purpose of activating the food production
processes of plants.
This study will determine the effects of different combination, sequence and time of
application to different plant specie. The first trial conducted is the effects of applying
blue LED supplemented by a smaller amount of green LED. The plants chosen for this
experiment are kangkong, pechay and sili. These plants are chosen because they
represent the usual vegetable in a Filipino table in addition to their fast germination stage
of just under one week.
Utilizing LED will also make it feasible to grow a wide variety of plants inside a structure
like a greenhouse in the middle of the city. If done in large scale, plant growers would
never have to worry about the fickle weather system and pestilence that from time to
time affects the growth of the said plants. In addition to that benefit, almost all factors
that affect the plant growth can be controlled thus making it more predictable on how
and when we could harvest our crops.
We are not yet experiencing a general shortage of agricultural products right now but if
the trend of agricultural land reduction will continue, it will soon become unsustainable.
Thus looking for an alternative which utilizes the current technology and reduced space

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for production P O Lgreatly
will Y T E C help
H N I Cus Uespecially
N I V E R S in
I T the
Y Ocity
F TtoH E P Hour
grow I L I Pown
P I Nfood
E S within our
backyard.

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