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International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET)

ISSN: 2321-9653; IC Value: 45.98; SJ Impact Factor: 6.887


Volume 7 Issue I, Jan 2019- Available at www.ijraset.com

On the Positive Pell Equation y 2  35 x 2  14

K. Meena1, M. A. Gopalan2, T. Priya Lakshmi 3


1
Former VC, Bharathidasan University, Trichy-620 024.Tamilnadu, India
2
Professor, Department of Mathematics, SIGC, Trichy, India.
3
M.Phil Scholar, Department of Mathematics, SIGC, Trichy, India
2 2
Abstract: The binary quadratic equation represented by the positive Pellian y  35 x  14 is analyzed for its distinct integer
solutions. A few interesting relations among the solutions are given. Further, employing the solutions of the above hyperbola, we
have obtained solutions of other choices of hyperbola and parabola.
Keywords: Binary quadratic, hyperbola, integral solutions, parabola, pell equation. 2010 mathematics subject classification:
11D09

I. INTRODUCTION
2 2
A binary quadratic equation of the form y  Dx  1 where D is non-square positive integer has been studied by various
mathematicians for its non-trivial integral solutions when D takes different integral values [1-2]. For an extensive review of various
2 2
problems, one may refer [3-12]. In this communication, yet another interesting hyperbola given by y  35 x  14 is considered
and infinitely many integer solutions are obtained. A few interesting properties among the solutions are obtained.

A. Method of Analysis
The Positive Pell equation representing hyperbola under consideration is
y 2  35 x 2  14 (1)
whose smallest positive integer solution is
x0  1 , y0  7
To obtain the other solutions of (1), consider the Pell equation
y 2  35 x 2  1
whose general solution is given by
~ 1 1
xn  gn , ~
yn  f n
2 35 2
where


f n  6  35 n 1

 6  35 n 1

 6  35   6  35 
n 1 n 1
gn , n  1, 0 ,1 , 2......
Applying Brahmagupta lemma between x0 , y0  and ~
xn , ~yn  , the other integer solutions of (1) are given by
1 7
x n 1  fn  gn
2 2 35
7 35
y n 1  fn  gn
2 2
The recurrence relations satisfied by x and y are given by
xn3  12xn 2  xn1  0
y n 3  12 y n 2  y n 1  0
Some numerical examples of x and y satisfying (1) are given in the Table: 1 below:

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International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET)
ISSN: 2321-9653; IC Value: 45.98; SJ Impact Factor: 6.887
Volume 7 Issue I, Jan 2019- Available at www.ijraset.com

Table: 1 Numerical examples


n xn1 y n1
-1 1 7
0 13 77
1 155 917
2 1847 10927
3 22009 130207

From the above table, we observe some interesting relations among the solutions which are presented below:
1) xn1 and yn+1 are always odd.
2) Relations among the solutions
a) x n  2  6 x n1  y n 1  0
b) y n  2  6 x n  2  x n1  0
c) y n 3  71x n  2  6 x n 1  0
d) x n 3  12 x n 2  x n1  0
e) x n 3  71x n  2  y n 1  0
f) x n 3  6 x n  2  y n  2  0
g) xn  3  71xn 1  12 yn 1  0
h) 35 xn  3  6 yn  3  yn  2  0
i) yn 1  xn  2  6 xn 1  0
j) 12 yn1  xn3  xn1  0
k) 12 yn1  xn3  71xn1  0
l) 2 yn  2  xn  3  xn 1  0
m) 12 yn3  71xn 3  xn1  0
n) 349 xn1  72 yn1  xn3  0
o) 349 xn  2  781yn 1  6 xn  3  0
p) 349 yn2  4614 yn1  35 xn3  0
q) 349 yn  3  55019 yn 1  420 xn  3  0
r) 6 yn 1  71 yn  2  35 xn  3  0
s) 6 yn  3  35 xn  3  yn  2  0
t) yn 1  71 yn  3  420 xn  3  0
u) yn  3  12 yn  2  yn 1  0
v) 280 xn 1  3 yn  3  353 yn 1  0
w) yn  2  35 xn 1  6 yn 1  0
x) yn  3  420 xn 1  71 yn 1  0
y) 6 yn  3  35 xn 1  71 yn  2  0

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z) yn 1  6 xn  3  71xn  2  0
aa) yn  2  xn  3  6 xn  2  0
bb) yn  3  6 xn  3  xn  2  0
cc) yn  3  70 xn  2  yn 1  0
dd) 6 yn  2  35 xn 1  yn 1  0
ee) yn  3  35 xn  2  6 yn  2  0

3) Each of the following expressions represents a nasty number


a) 6 x 2 n 3  66 x 2 n 2  12
1
b) x 2 n 4  131x 2n  2  24
2
c) 6 y 2 n  2  30 x 2 n  2  12
d) y 2 n 3  65x 2n  2  12
1
e) 6 y 2 n 4  4650 x 2n  2  852 
71
f) 66 x 2 n 4  786 x 2n 3  12
g) 11 y 2n  2  5 x 2 n 3  12
h) 66 y 2 n 3  390 x 2 n 3  12
i) 11 y 2n  4  775 x 2 n 3  12
6
j) 131y 2n  2  5 x 2 n 4  142
71
k) 131 y 2 n 3  65 x 2 n  4  12
l) 786 y 2n  4  4650 x 2n  4  12
1
m) 78 y 2 n 2  6 y 2 n 3  84
7
1
n) 930 y 2n  2  6 y 2n  4  1008
84
1
o) 930 y 2n 3  78 y 2 n  4  84
7

4) Each of the following expressions represents a cubical integer


a) x3n  4  11x3n  3  33 xn 1  3 xn  2
1
b) x 3n 5  131x3n 3  393x n1  3 x n 3 
12
c) y 3 n 3  5 x3 n 3  15 x n 1  3 y n 1
1
d) y 3n  4  65 x 3n 3  195 x n 1  3 y n 2 
6

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1
e) y 3n 5  775 x 3n 3  2325 x n 1  3 y n 3 
71
f) 11x 3n 5  131x3n 4  393x n 2  33x n 3
1
g) 11 y 3n 3  5 x 3n  4  15 x n  2  33 y n 1 
6
h) 11 y 3 n  4  65 x3 n  4  195 x n  2  33 y n  2
1
i) 11 y 3n 5  775 x 3n  4  2325 x n 2  33 y n 3 
6
1
j) 917 y 3n 3  35 x3n 5  2751 y n1  105 x n 3 
497
1
k) 131 y 3n 4  65 x 3n 5  195 x n 3  393 y n  2 
6
l) 131 y 3n 5  775 x 3n 5  2325 x n 3  393 y n 3
1
m) 13 y 3n 3  y 3n 4  39 y n1  3 y n 2 
7
1
n) 155 y 3n 3  y 3n 5  465 y n 1  3 y n 3 
84
1
o) 155 y 3n 4  13 y 3n 5  465 y n 2  39 y n 3 
7

5) Each of the following expressions represents a bi-quadratic integer


a) x 4 n 5  11x 4n  4  44 x 2n  2  4 x 2 n 3  6
1
b) x 4n  6  131x 4 n 4  524 x 2 n  2  4 x 2 n  4  72
12
c) y 4 n  4  5 x 4 n  4  20 x 2 n  2  4 y 2 n  2  6
1
d) y 4 n 5  65 x 4n  4  260 x 2 n  2  4 y 2 n 3  36
6
1
e) y 4n  6  775 x 4 n  4  3100 x 2n  2  4 y 2n  4  426
71
f) 11x 4 n  6  131x 4 n  5  524 x 2 n  3  44 x 2 n  4  6
1
g) 11 y 4n  4  5 x 4 n 5  20 x 2n 3  44 y 2n  2  36
6
h) 11 y 4 n 5  65 x 4 n  5  260 x 2 n 3  44 y 2 n 3  6
1
i) 11 y 4 n 6  775 x 4 n 5  3100 x 2 n 3  44 y 2 n 4  36
6
1
j) 131 y 4 n 4  5 x 4n  6  524 y 2n  2  20 x 2n  4  426
71
1
k) 131 y 4 n 5  65 x 4 n 6  260 x 2n  4  524 y 2 n 3  36
6

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l) 131 y 4n  6  775 x 4 n 6  3100 x 2 n 4  524 y 2 n 4  6


1
m) 13 y 4 n 4  y 4 n 5  52 y 2 n 2  4 y 2 n 3  42
7
1
n) 155 y 4 n  4  y 4n  6  620 y 2 n 2  4 y 2 n  4  504
84
1
o) 155 y4n  5  13 y4 n  6  620 y2n  3  52 y2 n  4  42
7

6) Each of the following expressions represents a quintic integer


a) x5n  6  11x5n  5  55 x3n  3  5 x3n  4  110 xn 1  10 xn  2
1
b) x5n  7  131x5n  5  655 x3n  3  5 x3n  5  1310 xn 1  10 xn  3 
12
c) y5 n  5  5 x5 n  5  25 x3 n  3  5 y3 n  3  50 xn 1  10 yn 1
1
d) y5n6  65 x5n5  325 x3n3  5 y3n 4  650 xn1  10 yn2 
6
1
e)  y5n  7  775 x5n  5  3875 x3n  3  5 y3n  5  7750 xn 1  10 yn  3 
71
f) 11x 5 n  7  131x5 n 6  655 x3 n  4  55 x 3n 5  1310 x n  2  110 x n  3
1
g) 11y5n  5  5 x5n  6  25 x3n  4  55 y3n  3  50 xn  2  110 yn 1 
6
h) 11 y5 n  6  65 x5 n  6  325 x3 n  4  55 y3 n  4  650 xn  2  110 yn  2
1
i) 11 y5 n  7  775 x5n  6  3875 x3n  4  55 y3n  5  7750 xn  2  110 yn  3 
6
1
j) 655 y3n  3  524 y5 n  5  20 x5n  7  25 x3n  5  1965 yn 1  75 xn  3 
71
1
k) 131 y5 n  6  65 x5 n  7  325 x3n  5  655 y3n  4  650 xn  3  1310 yn  2 
6
l) 131 y5 n  7  775 x5 n  7  3875 x3n  5  655 y3n  5  7750 xn  3  1310 yn  3
1
m) 13 y5 n  5  y5n  6  65 y3n  3  5 y3n  4  130 yn 1  10 yn  2 
7
1
n) 155 y5n  5  y5n  7  775 y3n  3  5 y3n  5  1550 yn 1  10 yn  3 
84
1
o) 155 y5n  6  13 y5 n  7  775 y3n  4  65 y3n  5  1550 yn  2  130 yn  3 
7
B. Remarkable Observations
1) Employing linear combinations among the solutions of (1), one may generate integer solutions for other choices of hyperbola
which are presented in the Table: 2 below:

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Table: 2 Hyperbolas
S. No
Hyperbolas X ,Y 

1 7 X 2  5Y 2  28 xn2  11xn1 , 13 xn1  xn2 

2 7 X 2  5Y 2  4032 xn3  131xn1 ,155 xn1  xn3 

3 7 X 2  5Y 2  28  yn1  5 xn1 , 7 xn1  yn1 

4 7 X 2  5Y 2  1008  yn2  65 xn1 , 77 xn1  yn2 

5 7 X 2  5Y 2  141148  yn  3  775 xn 1 , 917 xn 1  yn  3 

6 7 X 2  5Y 2  28 11xn  3  131xn  2 ,155 xn  2  13xn  3 

7 7 X 2  5Y 2  1008 11yn 1  5 xn  2 , 7 xn  2  13 yn 1 

8 7 X 2  5Y 2  28 11yn  2  65 xn  2 , 77 xn  2  13 yn  2 

9 7 X 2  5Y 2  1008 11yn  3  775 xn  2 , 917 xn  2  13 yn  3 

10 7 X 2  5Y 2  141148 131yn 1  5 xn  3 , 7 xn  3  155 yn 1 

11 7 X 2  5Y 2  1008 131yn  2  65 xn  3 , 77 xn  3  155 yn  2 

12 7 X 2  5Y 2  28 131yn  3  775 xn  3 , 917 xn  3  155 yn  3 

13 5 X 2  7Y 2  980 13 yn 1  yn  2 , yn  2  11yn 1 

14 5 X 2  7Y 2  141120 155 yn 1  yn  3 , yn  3  131yn 1 

15 5 X 2  7Y 2  980 155 yn 2  13 yn3 ,11 yn3  131yn2 

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2) Employing linear combinations among the solutions of (1), one may generate integer solutions for other choices of parabola
which are presented in the Table: 3 below:

Table: 3 Parabolas
S. No
Parabolas X ,Y 
1 7 X  5Y 2  14 x2n  3  11x2 n  2 , 13xn 1  xn  2 

2 84 X  5Y 2  2016 x2 n4  131x2 n 2 ,155 xn1  xn3 

3 7 X  5Y 2  14  y2 n  2  5 x2n  2 , 7 xn 1  yn 1 

4 42 X  5Y 2  504  y2n  3  65 x2n  2 , 77 xn 1  yn  2 

5 497 X  5Y 2  70574  y2n  4  775 x2 n  2 , 917 xn 1  yn  3 

6 7 X  5Y 2  14 11x2 n  4  131x2 n  3 ,155 xn  2  13xn  3 

7 42 X  5Y 2  504 11y2 n  2  5 x2n  3 , 7 xn  2  13 yn 1 

8 7 X  5Y 2  14 11y2 n  3  65 x2 n  3 , 77 xn  2  13 yn  2 

9 42 X  5Y 2  504 11y2 n4  775 x2n3 , 917 xn2  13 yn3 

10 497 X  5Y 2  70574 131y2 n  2  5 x2 n  4 , 7 xn  3  155 yn 1 

11 42 X  5Y 2  504 131y2 n  3  65 x2 n  4 , 77 xn  3  155 yn  2 

12 7 X  5Y 2  14 131 y2 n  4  775 x2 n  4 , 917 xn  3  155 yn  3 

13 5 X  Y 2  70 13 y2n  2  y2n  3 , yn  2  11 yn 1 

14 60 X  Y 2  10080 155 y2 n  2  y2 n  4 , yn  3  131 yn 1 

15 5 X  Y 2  70 155 y2 n3  13 y2 n 4 ,11 yn3  131 yn2 

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