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in Grade 10 Mathematics

I- Objectives

b. Illustrate events, and Union and Intersection of events

c. Illustrate the probability of a union of two events and intersection events

d. Illustrate and find probabilities of Mutually Exclusive Events

e. Appreciate the value of compound events

f. Solve the problems of probability of compound events

Topic: Probability of Compound Events

Reference: Mathematics

Pages: 320-338

Time Frame: 3 session

III- Materials

Chalk, Manila Paper, Cartolina, Pentel pen

IV- Learning Strategies

1. Preparation

a. Prayer

b. Checking of Attendance

2. Lesson Proper

a. Motivation

The teacher will let the students stand and sing an action song called “lean forward”

b. Discussion

Probability- the chances of the given event will occur

Experiments- any process of observation

Outcomes- results of an experiments

Sample Space- set of all outcomes

a. “Getting a number 5” is called a simple event

b. “ Getting a 6” is also called a simple event

Probability of simple events- if each of the outcomes in a sample space is equally likely to occur

Number of possible outcomes

Or P(E) = Number of outcomes in the event

Number of outcomes in the sample space

a. a 5

b. a 6

c. An odd number

Example: “Getting a 6 and a 1”, when two dice are rolled is an event consisting of {(1,6), (6,1)} as

outcomes. This is a compound event.

“Intersection and Union of Events”

The teacher will let the students analyze and solve the questions in activity 3 which are shown

in the Venn diagram.

Questions:

1. How many students are in the senior class?

2. How many students participated in athletics?

3. If a student is randomly chosen, what is the probability that the student participated only in

drama and band?

(The teacher will discuss the probabilities of grade 10 students joining either soccer (S) or basketball (B).

)

a. P(B)

b. P(S)

c. P(B Π S)

d. P(B U S)

e. P(B’ Π S’)

Complement of an Event- is the set of all outcomes that are Not in the event. This means that if the

probability that the event would not occur. Thus,

P(A’) = 1- P(A)

Mutually Exclusive Events- If two events, A and B cannot occur at the same time. Then the probability

that either A or B occurs is the sum of their probabilities. In symbols,

P(A or B)= P(A) + P(B)

Example: The event of getting a 5 in the event of getting a number divisible y 3 from the set

{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15}

A B

P(A or B)

Not Mutually Exclusive Events- If two events, A and B, are not mutually exclusive, then the probability

that either A or B occur is the sum of their probabilities decreased by the probability of both occurring.

In symbols,

Example: The event of getting a number divisible by 3 or the event of getting a number divisible by 4 in

the set

{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15}

P(A or B)

c. Drill/Exercise

Consider the situation below and answer the questions that follow.

1. Out of 5200 households surveyed, 2107 had a dog, 807 had a cat, and 303 had both a

dog and a cat. What is the probability that a randomly selected household has a dog or a

cat?

2. Rhian likes to wear colored shirts. She has 15 shirts in the closet. Five of these are blue,

four are in different shades of red, and the rest are of different colors. What is the

probability that she will wear a blue or a red shirt?

IV-Evaluation

Direction: Consider each problem below. Draw a Venn diagram for each. Determine whether the events

are mutually exclusive or not mutually exclusive. Then, find the probability.

1. Mario has 45 red chips, 12 blue chips, and 24 white chips. What is the probability that Mario

randomly selects a red chip or a white chip?

2. Of 240 students, 176 are on the honor roll, 48 are members of the varsity team, and 36 are in

the honor roll and are also members of the varsity team. What is the probability that a

randomly selected student is on the honor roll or is a member of the varsity team?

3. Ruby’s dog has 8 puppies. The puppies include white females, 3 mixed-color females, 1 white

male, and 2 mixed-color males. Ruby wants to keep one puppy. What is the probability that she

randomly chooses a puppy that is female and white?

4. Carl’s basketball shooting records indicate that for any frame, the probability that he will score

in a two-point shoot is 30%, a three-point shoot, 45%, and neither, 25%. What is the probability

that Cindy will score either in a two-point shoot or in a three-point shoot?

V-Agreement

a. Assignment

(Study and advance the next topic which is Independent and Dependent Events.)

Prepared by:

Jesiryl V. Piedad

Student-teacher

Checked by:

Mr. Ryan Y. Gelsano

Critic-teacher

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