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DR.

JAMSHED
BHABHA THEATRE
N.C.P.A.

SNEHA COUTINHO
TEJAS SAIYYA
NIYATI BHANSALI
APURVA PANDEY
DHWANI KARIA
B.V.C.O.A
INTRODUCTION
• Acoustics is the science of sound. There are many kinds
of sound and many ways that it affects our lives. We use
sound to communicate and you might also know that
acoustics is important for creating musical instruments or
concert halls or surround sound stereo or hearing aids.
Acoustics is a branch of physics that study the sound,
acoustics concerned with the production, control,
transmission, reception, and effects of sound.
• GENERAL ACOUSTICS
• ANIMAL BIOACOUSTICS
• ARCHITECTURAL L ACOUSTICS
• MEDICAL ACOUSTICS
• MUSICAL ACOUSTICS
• UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS., ETC
ROLE OF ACOUSTICS
•The role of acoustics in auditorium: acoustics controls a
room's surfaces based on sound absorbing and reflecting
properties.
•REVERBERATION :
Reverberation is how long you hear a sound in an
auditorium once the music has stopped. If a reflected
sound wave reaches the ear within 0.1 seconds of the initial
sound, then it seems to the person that the sound
is prolonged. The reception of multiple reflections off of
walls and ceilings within 0.1 seconds of each other causes
reverberations - the prolonging of a sound.
A reverberation may be created in an auditorium if the
decaying sound is not absorbed by the walls or ceilings.
Different varieties of perforated wood panels for walls,
ceilings and cabinet doors are provided to absorb all the
unwanted reverberant sound.
•ECHO:
Reflection of sound waves also leads to echoes. Echoes are
different than reverberations. Echoes occur when a
reflected sound wave reaches the ear more than 0.1
seconds after the original sound wave was heard. If the
elapsed time between the arrivals of the two sound waves is
more than 0.1 seconds, then the sensation of the first
sound will have died out. In this case, the arrival of the
second sound wave will be perceived as a second sound
rather than the prolonging of the first sound. There will be
an echo instead of a reverberation.

•THE ECHO EFFECT


The echo effect of a surface may be reduced by changing
its shape, by treating it with a sound absorbing material, or
by both. Breaking up smooth surfaces with irregularities,
such as coffering, pilasters, doorways, box tiers, etc.,
Minimizes echo by dispersing or scattering the sound wave
in several different directions.
DR. JAMSHED BHABHA THEATRE
• The National Center for the Performing Arts (NCPA) was
envisioned by the late Dr. Jamshed Bhabha as a bastion to
be an upholder of the arts and culture in Mumbai and India.
• The first, the TATA Theatre, though stated to have
conceptual influences from Welton Becket and Phillip
Johnson was essentially designed, detailed and executed
by Rustom Patell, of Patell Batliwala & Associates
• Re-design and re-construction provided the facility in use
today (after a huge electrical mishap after which was
irrepairable), including a neo-classical marble stair donated
by the Petit family that sits as a frontispiece in the main
lobby. This theatre follows a more pragmatic shoe-box
concept with a somewhat steep yet regular rake for the
seating. Colours and materials received the close eye of Dr.
Bhabha himself. Acoustics saw the influencing ideas of the
late Burjor Mistry, a well recognized acoustician in Indian
circles
LOCATION
• It is located in a
commercial area
surrounded by hotels,
offices, residential
buildings
• It is built on reclaimed
land
• The site is divided into
6 major blocks and it
can be accessed
through 6 major gates
SITE PLAN
CAPACITY
AUDITORIUM LAYOUT
AUDITORIUM SEATING
LAYOUT
STAGE PLAN
STAGE INVERTED CEILING
PLAN
STAGE TECHNICALS
CEILING
• Divided into 3 parts the ceiling in the
middle can double up for the
extended stage or audience.
• The ceiling of the stage and the
adjacent are laid at an angle while
the ceiling of the seating area is
suspended 2-3m below the actual
ceiling surface.
• The grid like ceiling is equipped with
centralized air conditioning system
and lighting fixtures spread all over
covering the entire seating area.
• In between the grid is another
framework which holds the false
ceiling in place.
SECTION
WALLS
• The panels on the walls around the first
three seating rows / orchestra pit of the
auditorium is made of concrete or Plaster
of Paris, with a pointed finish plaster.
• Marble is used for the panelling of the
lower portions of the auditorium.
• The panels above the control booth in the
rear of the auditorium are made of
concrete with marble inlays.
• There are hollow projections that come out
from the sides of the auditorium that may
act as resonators or anti focusing surfaces
that help in dispersion of sound.
• The rear of the stage has diffusive wooden
panels in different shapes.
• This along with the acrylic banners hung in
the ceiling help to diffuse and reflect
sound appropriately into the auditorium.
FLOORS AND CATWALKS
• Floor: the material used in the
flooring is woolen carpet as it is a
very good absorptive material made
of 80% wool and 20% nylon
• The stage floor is made of hard
wood
• CATWALK :There are 33 Back drops
which work on counter balance
system. The steel beams in the
catwalk are coated with vermicular
coating, hence heat can be absorbed
for 5-6 hours. There is a catwalk
above the seating area for changing
and repairing lights. The intensity of
lights can be controlled from the
technical control room
GREEN ROOMS
• Total no. of green rooms = 10

• No. of floors = G+2

• Ground floor – 4 rooms


• 1 st floor – 3 rooms
• 2 nd floor – 3 rooms

• Sound proof 3inch thick


backstage door to green
room
• 2inch thick wooden
greenroom doors
GREEN ROOM TECHNICALS
BACKSTAGE
• BACKSTAGE ENTRY FOR CREW
MEMBERS There are 4 entries for
artists and crew members directly to
the backstage of which 1 is from the
foyer .
2.4 m (w) x 2.1 m (h)
3 inch thick.
1cm thick leather and foam cushioning
outside and rest is dense wood
inside
• LOADING/UNLOADING There are 3
entries directly from outside for
loading/unloading of the props and
instruments .
3m (w) x 5.6m (h)
2 x wooden doors
1 x rolling shutter.
The A . C . compressors are all placed
on the backside of the stage along
with the fire equipment .
CONTROL ROOM
TECHNICALS
POWER SUPPLY AND SOUND
SYSTEM