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Uploaded by Haitham Aboshosha

CVL407: Structure III-Lectures 01 and 02

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Dr. Haitham Aboshosha, PEng

Email: Habo@Ryerson.ca

Office Hours: Wednesdays from 9:00 to 10:30

MON209 (during office hours)

Course Objective

withstanding gravity and lateral forces, and appropriate

applications of structural systems (“B7-Structural Systems” of

CACB Performance Criterion for Architectural Science”)

• Demonstrate and apply these engineering principles to solve

engineering problems (i.e. structure that works and resists

environmental loads)

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A Personal Experience !

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on my structure, what structural system to use,

design of the components (slab, beam, column,

wall) of my system, ENABLES you to:

• Effectively design structures that are

functional, constructible and economic with

minimum number of design iterations!

• Unleash your creativity for new designs and

ideas. You understand how your structure

performs and have the basic knowledge to

design and/or check the structural design!

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Textbooks

Texts A Practical Approach

2. 3rd Ed., Pearson Education Canada, Prentice Hall,

Toronto, ON.

3. Handbook of Steel Construction (2011), 10th Ed.,

Canadian Institute of Steel Construction, Ottawa.

4. Wood Design Manual (2010), Wood Council of Canada,

Ottawa.

5. Lecture notes taken during classes and handouts posted

on the course web site.

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Textbooks

Reference 1. Concrete Design Handbook (2006), 3rd Ed., Portland Cement Association, Ottawa.

Texts 2. Rod Underwood, Michele Chiuini (2007) Structural Design, A practical guide for

Architects.

3. Chaallal, O. and Lachemi, M. (2010), Reinforced Concrete Structures: Design

according to CSA A23.3-04, 1st Ed., Presses de l'Université du Québec.

4. MacGregor, J.G., and Bartlett, F.M. (2000), Reinforced Concrete, Mechanics & Design,

Prentice Hall.

5. Kulak Grondin (2011), Limit states design in structural steel, 9th Ed., Canadian

Institute of Steel Construction, Ottawa.

6. Robert G. Drysdale & Ahmad A. Hamid (2005), Masonry Structures: Behaviour and

Design, Canadian Ed., Canada Masonry Design Centre, Mississauga.

7. Ontario Building Code (2012), Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Building

and Development Branch, Toronto, Ontario.

8. Hibbeler, R. C. (2017), Mechanics of Materials, 10th Ed., Prentice Hall.

9. Hibbeler, R. C. and Yap K. B. (2012), Mechanics for Engineers: Statics, 13th Ed.,

Prentice Hall.

10. Schodek, D. and Bechthold M. (2013), Structures, 7th Ed., Prentice Hall.

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Classroom Rules

• Arrive on time

• Turnoff your cell phone and other electronics.

• Due to privacy requirements, picture taking or voice recording is not

permitted at lectures and tutorials (Unless authorized by the instructor).

• Web surfing, texting, reading newspapers ...etc are not permitted during

lectures.

• Always use your Ryerson email in all communications

• All handouts, lecture notes ...etc will be posted on the D2L Brightspace

• Please read carefully the course outline.

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• Steel

• Wood

• Masonry

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Structural Components

Reinforced concrete buildings consist of several structural

components (or members). The basic components of a

reinforced concrete building are:

• floor and roof systems

• beams

• columns

• walls

• foundations

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Structural Components

the main horizontal structural components that support a

components in a building. structural floor system.

They carry gravity loads and Columns are usually

transfer them to the columns subjected to combined axial

load and bending.

the floors to the columns.

Beams are usually cast

monolithically with the slab

and are subjected to bending

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and shear.

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Structural System

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is to produce safe, serviceable, economic, durable

and aesthetic structures.

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In this course

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In this course

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(Load and Resistance Factored Design)

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2015

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regulated by the National Building Code of Canada (NBC)

The current edition of the NBC, published in 2005, is

referred to as NBC 2015.

according to the CSA Standard A23.3-04 “Design of

Concrete Structures”. The current edition of the standard,

published in 2004, is referred to as A23.3.

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LOADS

states that a building structure should be designed to have

sufficient structural capacity and structural integrity to

safely and effectively resist all loads and effects of loads

that may reasonably be expected. The following types of

loads need to be considered in the design of buildings:

• dead load (D);

• live load due to use and occupancy (L);

• snow load (S);

• wind load (W); is a variable dynamic load that acts on walls and roof

surfaces within a building.

• earthquake load (E); also known as seismic load, is a dynamic loads 29

caused by vibration of the earth and acts laterally on the building structures.

Dead load

building components. According to NBC 2015, the

specified dead load for a structural member consists of

• superimposed dead load

on a consideration of the unit weight of the material

involved and its volume. The unit weight of Normal-weight

reinforced concrete can be taken as 24 kN/m3 30

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A reinforced concrete beam of rectangular cross-section

(350 mm width and 700 mm overall depth) is made of

normal-density concrete. Determine the beam self-weight

(in kN/m) to be used for the dead load calculation.

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The superimposed dead load for a structural member

consists of:

building to be supported permanently by the member

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Table 1.13 Concrete Design Handbook (please refer to the handbook for the complete table)

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The factored resistance of a structure can be determined as

where R is the calculated resistance of a member,

connection, or structure based on the specified material

properties, and Φ is the resistance factor applied to the

resistance or specified material property, which takes

into account the variability of material properties,

dimensions, quality of work, type of failure, and

uncertainty in the prediction of resistance.

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φ Rn ≥ α1 S1 + α2 S2 + …

A23.3 NBCC

Primary concerns: deflections and crack widths

Δ ˂ limiting value in code

W ˂ limiting value in code

Other concerns: vibrations, permanent deformation

Principal load factor = 1.0

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Examples

B1

2.0

C2

C1

The figure shows a plan view of a reinforced concrete floor in a residential building. The floor system

consists of a 200 mm floor slab supported by 300 mm × 600 mm floor beams. The floor supports its own

weight and a superimposed dead load of 0.30 KPa, in addition to the applied live load. The exterior beams

support 200 mm brick wall (one side plastered) while the interior beams support 100 mm brick wall (both

sides plastered). Assume 3 m floor height.

Determine the ultimate overall load of the floor

Determine the design D and L load going to beam B1, then sketch max BMD using the approx. method

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Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam shown below.

30 kN/m 15 kN

A B C D

Solution

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Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam shown below.

A B C D

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Shear force and Bending moment diagrams

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Table 1:15 for multi-span beams

Sketch the maximum BMD diagram

l=8 m l=8 m

Sketch the maximum BMD diagram for the

Beam shown above. Use table 1.15.

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D=20 kN/m, L=10kN/m,Sketch the maximum BMD diagram`

1.25D=25 kN/m, 1.25D+1.5L=40 kN/m

Case 1 (Max moment left span) Case 2 (Max moment above support) Case 2 (Max moment right span)

(-0.063*40*2)*L2=322 kN.m

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1.25D=25 kN/m, 1.25D+1.5L=40 kN/m

D=20 kN/m, L=10kN/m,

Dmax=1.25D+1.5L=40 kN/m

in previous slide ?

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